ASTBURY, William Thomas v1

Published: 13 September, 2023  Author: admin


THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Report on the papers of -WILLIAM THOMAS ASTBURY, FRS (1898-1961) deposited in the Brotherton Library, Quality House, Quality Court, Chancery Lane, London WC2A 1HP Archives Centre (CSAC 33/10/75) y Reproduced for the Contemporary Scientific THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS No. 75/57 1975 All rights reserved THE ROYAL SOCIETY THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Joint Committee on Scientific and Technological Records CSAC 33/10/75 CONTEMPORARY SCIENTIFIC ARCHIVES CENTRE Papers of William Thomas Astbury (1898 - 1961) 1975 Deposited in The Brotherton Library, University of Leeds Listed by: Jeannine Alton Harriot Weiskittel WTA, C.S,A.Ci 33/10/75 Description of the collection The papers were received from Mr. W.F. Astbury (son), Fru M.M. Persson (daughter), and the Astbury Department of Biophysics, University of Leeds. Dr. Thomas Lonsdale has also contributed his recollections of Astbury's early work, and a photograph (Item A.6). Some scientific correspondence exchanged with Astbury 1933-40 remains in the personal papers of Professor C.D. Darlington FRS. The collection illustrates all aspects of Astbury's activities, with the exception of his work at the Royal Institution and earliest work at Leeds. The bulk of the documenis represent the extensive scientific correspondence which he conducted - often single-handed in the absence of secretarial help, as the letters themselves make clear - with individual colleagues and learned societies, especially 1940-57. No records can be traced for the following periods: 1947 (all); 1949 (January~July), but the surviving letters, research plans and progress reports help to document the rapid progress of research in protein structure and nucleic acids during and after the 1939-45 War. All the documents have been re-sorted and one year. p-16. Section F. Conferences), industrial firms, or individual correspondents. The scientific from consistent and proved impossible to retain. assigned either to categories (e.g. Section B. Leeds University, Section D. Publications, There is also a General Index to the correspondence on pp. 35-53. correspondence in Section E is presented in alphabetical order, with dates: see note on Astbury kept his correspondence in large 'A.B.C.' files each covering roughly The letters were usually arranged in alphabetical order by name of correspondent, but there were no personal or subject files, or cross-references, and the system itself was far All items are manuscript unless otherwise indicated. WTA: CSAC. 33/10/75 Summary of the career of W.T. Astbury b.1898 educ. Longton, Stoke-on-Trent Longton High School 1917, 1919-21 Jesus College, Cambridge 1921-23 1922 1923-28 1928-37 1937-45 1940 1945-61 Demonstrator in Physics, University College, London, and Assistant to Sir William Bragg married Frances Gould Assistant to Sir William Bragg, Davy-Faraday Laboratory, Royal Institution, London Lecturer in Textile Physics, University of Leeds Reader in Textile Physics, University of Leeds Elected to Royal Society Professor of Biomolecular Structure and Hon. Reader in Textile Physics, University of Leeds : Biographical & Personal Scientific Correspondence Conferences Committees & Societies Contents of the Handlist Notebooks & Slides Lectures & Publications University of Leeds & Department list of Astbury's honours and awards may be found in the Memoir by J.D. Bernal, A full Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol.9, 1963, p.26. . Index to the correspondence WoTiAc: CLS ASCemeO7s A. Biographical and personal A.1 -A.18 A.1-A.3 "Press Books' containing press cuttings of lectures, honours and awards, scientific articles; printed notices of lectures, invitations; autographed menus; photographs; programmes of conferences and meetings; ment; obituary notices: letters of appoint- telegrams; A.1 A.2 A.3 1914-45 1946-51 1951-61 Journal of visits to USA. (139 pp. 1937 visit; notes of discussions with scientific colleagues. 5 pp. 1938; 1p 1950.) Contains Biographical Details (for Who's Who, etc.) Correspondence containing biographical information; to CSAC from Thomas Lonsdale enclosing photographs of ‘ping-pong group’ taken on roof of Davy-Faraday Laboratory. letter Folder containing letter from W.L. Bragg offering to sponsor Astbury for election to Royal Society, copy of Astbury's reply, copies of Astbury's acknowledgements of letters of congratulation on election; correspondence re official photograph for National Portrait Gallery. Honours (letters of notification and of congratulation, and copies of Astbury's replies): 1914-61 1945-56 1941-52 of Radiology, 1948 Corresponding Member, Istituto Lombardo di Scienze Sciences, 1950 e Lettere, Milan, 195] Rockefeller Grant, 1948 Honorary Life Membership, New York Academy of American Society of European Chemists, 1953 Foreign Member, Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, 1956 Croonian Lecture, 1945 Royal Society of Sciences, Uppsala, 1946 Hon. D.Sc., University of Strasbourg, 1946 Sylvanus Thompson Memorial Medal, British Institute in India. Society for Freedom in Science, Société Philomathique de Paris, Hospital Physicists' Association, Leeds Regional Hospital Board, Royal Microscopical Society, Gerontological Seciety Correspondence re membership of various committees and societies: Invitations to fill academic post in Canada, assume directorship W.T.A, C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 A.10 A.12 A.13 A.14 Astbury served as Navigation War Service correspondence. Officer in Leeds University Air Squadron. The file includes arrangements for training courses for navigation instructors, dress regulations, memoranda, specimen examination paper for meteorology course, navigation syllabus, fire-watching duties. Correspondence re Astbury's musical interests: concerts, Leeds University Midday Recitals Committee; with E. Ashby and C.W. support. Bunn re Astbury's device for violin instruments, Correspondence re travel arrangements. Correspondence re illness (mostly during 1954-56). Misc. invitations (not indexed). A.15 Acknowledgements of congratulory letters sent by Astbury. A.16-A.18 Misc. personal correspondence (3 folders). B. | University of Leeds and Department B.1 - B.42 4 1941-45, 1955-56 1945-46, 1948-57 1942-54 1950-56 1945-56 1940-56 1940-56 B.1-B.3 1939-56 B.4 B.i B.2 B.3 1939-49 1950-52 1953-56 (see also files with G. Eaves, L. Singleton, B. Patnaik, N.N. Saha, L. Lorand in Section E). Correspondence with and re students and staff (3 folders). The correspondence deals with applications to join dept., wartime employment, applications for fellowships, grants for foreign students, advertisement and applications for laboratory boy, placing of students from departments of other universities, examining of theses: 1955-57 Correspondence with Registrar (5 folders) re appointments in the department, research grants from charitable foundations, setting of oral examinations for students, Astbury's membership on University committees; to members of Astbury's department: includes copies of letters from Registrar 1939-46 1948-50 1951-52 1953-54 1939-57 W.TiAs oC iSUATCRRBAO 75 B.9-B.13 Correspondence with Bursar (5 folders) re departmental grants and finances, salaries, accounts: Be B.10 B.11 B.12 B.13 1940-48 1949-50 1951-52 1953-54 1955-56 B.14-B.17 Correspondence with members of other departments in the University (4 folders) re arrangements for Astbury and his staff to give lecture courses to students of other departments, University business, social invitations, visits of scientists to Leeds. new Department of Biomolecular Structure: B.14 contains correspondence re establishment of B.14 B.15 B.16 B.17 1944-46, 1948-50 1951-52 1953-54 1955-57 (see also files of correspondence with E.G. Cox, J.T. Ingram, J.B. Speakman, R.D. Passey, L. Lorand, N.N. Saha and M.R. Truter in Section E). Correspondence with Vice-Chancellor, including correspondence re establishment of new Deparimeni of Biomolecuiar Siructure. 1940-56 Correspondence with Fabric Office/Planning Engineer. 1944-46 1943-57 1951-55 1946 1941-57 Requests and arrangements for visits with Astbury and/or to his laboratory at Leeds: Correspondence with C.G. Kay Sharp re establishment of Ophthalmological Research Unit. Correspondence re courses given by Department of Extra-mural Studies. Correspondence re exchange between senior members of London Midland and Scottish Railway Co. and teaching staff of University. of electron microscope (not indexed). 1941-45 B.23. 1946, 1948 B.24 1949-50 B.25 B.26 1951-52 B.27. = 1953-57 B.28 ~ Requests from schools, societies, industrial laboratories, government 1944-54 departments, Leeds University academics to view demonstrations B.23-B.27 B.28-B.31 Electron Microscope: W.TcA.° G.S,A,C; 81005 B.29 B.30 B.32 B.33 B.34 B.35 B.36 Correspondence with RCA re purchase, servicing and replace- ment parts of electron microscope (not indexed). Correspondence re hiring of technician to operate electron microscope, advertisement in Nature etc. appointed to the post. (not indexed) — Ronald Reed was Misc. correspondence re electron microscope (advice to other universities re purchase « and maintenance of E.M., use of the E.M. by other departments at Leeds, manufacture of new parts, articles for the press, etc.). Equipment: Correspondence with British Supply Office. Correspondence with Ilford Ltd. Correspondence with Metropolitan Vickers. Correspondence with Metropolitan Vickers. Correspondence with Philips Electrical Ltd. B.37-B.42 Misc. correspondence re equipment and supplies for department (6 folders): 1946 1940-52 1941-46 1947-56 1940-50 1940-56 Notebooks and slides C.1-C.6 (1932). Notes on B.37 B.38 B.39 B.40 B.41 B.42 1940-43 1944 1945-48 1949-50 1951-53 1954-56 dated 1934 and continues for 209 pages (in Astbury's hand) Laboratory notebook containing record of experimental results, diagrams, measurement of photographs, notes on articles read. Notations on muscle photographs (1932), on extensibility of fibres (1932), on cancer photographs ‘Lectures at the Dept. of Leather Industries (Mr. Thompson)! (1932-33). Notebook also contains draft of 'Report on the structure of Polyisobutylene for I.C.1. Ltd. at Billingham’, December 1942, with photographs and figures. At the pod a un notebook there is an 'Index of Wool X-ray Notebook titled on first page 'X-ray and Related Research on the Moiecular Structure of Biological Tissues Proteins, etc. (Rockefeller Grant)'. The notebook begins with an entry entries ot. summaries of those photograph measurements which are recorded in the experimental results. ith 482 entries dated and described. Sib tes UMISU UI UOOQLIIVOUe These blicsc 1928-39, 1942 WTA. .CiS.A.C. 33/10/75 The experiments, tabular summaries of data, graphs, to the last entry dated March 1961 and labelled 'Feather Keratin'. illustrations, notes on others work, are clearly set out and dated. Many loose notes and data were inserted between the pages of the notebook and these have been left in their original position. There is one package of illustrations and photographs. Notebook containing drafts and notes of lectures: 1931-52 "Lectures on the Fundamental Structure of Textile, delivered to 2nd and 3rd year Textile Physics Class, Oct.1931-1932.' "Lecture on X-ray Investigation of Collagen and Gelatin delivered to Leather Dept. (Leeds University), June 21, 1933.' "Lectures on the Molecular Structure and Properties of Textile Fibres. of Leeds. Dept. of Texiile Industries, The University Session 1934-35.' ‘Lectures on The Moijecuiar Structure of Fibres. Physics. 1936-37.' Textile "Lecture by White (I.C.!.) on dyeing of new synthetic fibres." 1940. "Colloquium on Nylon by A.K. Saville.' 1942. full descriptive index. "Advanced course on The Science of Fibres given in the Textile Dept., 1952.' Wooden slide case containing 105 slides (possibly for visit to USA in 1953) and a The slides cover the whole range of Astbury's career and the multitude of his interests. Notebook containing 119 pp. draft entitled 'Studies of Protein Structure’, May 1947, with loose bibliographical notes. Possibly the draft for a monograph Astbury was to write for Oxford University Press series. (see also Item D.32). (No.41 in R.S. Memoir). 'The Molecular Structure of the Fibres of the Collagen Group. ' First Proctor Memorial Lecture, International Society of Leather Trades' Chemists, London Conference 28 Aug. 1940: correspondence re scheduling and publishing of leciure,published in J. Internat. Soc. Leather Trades' Chemists, Vol. 24, p.69 2 envelopes containing photograph of X-ray of Ardil (1945) and X-ray photographs from Bamford (1953). Lectures, addresses and publications D.1 -D.29 Lectures, addresses D.30 - D.58 Publications 1939-40 ' WTA. = CS. AUCs 38/00/75 D.2 Correspondence re: 8 1940-41 'The Structure of Proteins’, The Chemical Society of Glasgow, 15 Nov. 1940. "Protein Multilayers', University of Manchester Chemical Society, 5 Nov. 1940. "Adventures among the Proteins', Ardeer Chemical Club, 10 Dec. 1940. _ 'The Molecular Structure and Properties of the Collagen Fibres', Manchester College of Technology Chemical Society, 10 Feb. 1941. "Protein Structure’, Institute of Chemistry East Midlands Section, 20 Feb. 1941. Jubilee Memorial Lecture, Society of Chemical 'Proteins.' Industry, published in Chem. and Ind. 60, 41, 491 (No.52 in R.S. Memoir). invitation to deliver lecture from Prof. J.C. Philip FRS, correspondence re details of lecture, venue, printing of reprints. lecture, ek 1942-50, 1957 Correspondence re: 1941-43 Correspondence with British Council and the British Broadcasting Corporation re Astbury's broadcasts (2 folders): for new programmes, scheduling of rehearsals and recording sessions, publication and illustration of broadcasts, distribution of recordings, translation, letters received following broadcasts. Titles include: scripts, ideas "Applied X-rays', Society of Chemical Industry, Newcastle Upon Tyne Section, 30 June 1941. 'Textile fibres from peanuts.' "Fibres in nature and industry.' "Motion, muscles and molecules. ' "Molecules to measure’ series. "Clear thinking. Society, 28 July 1943. "X-rays and the stoichiometry of the proteins, with special reference to the structure of the Keratin-myosin group', The Chemical Society, London, 20 Nov. 1941. Soc., 1942, p.337 (No.55 in R.S. Memoir). "X-rays and protein structure: Oxford University Junior Scientific Club, 30 Oct. 1942. some recent advances', 'The Structure of Fibres', Chemical Society, Dundee, 19 Jan. 1942. Published in J. Chem. "Fibrous Proteins', University of Manchester Chemical 9 1941-56 C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Lancastrian Frankland Society: correspondence with W.G. Sedgwick re lecture on 'Proteins', 9 Jan. 1942 and lecture on 'From Wool to Bacterial Flagella: Basis of Biological Motility’, 7 Dec. 1956. contains some scientific correspondence. The file also Studies in the Molecular 'X-ray examinations of plastics’, Society of Chemical Industry, Plastics Group, 15 March 1944. Published in Chem. and ind., No.15, p.114 (No.64 in R.S. Memoir): correspondence re scheduling of lecture and publication of Mss. Correspondence re: 'The X-ray study of plastics', Chemical, Textile Chemical, and Textile Societies of Manchester College of Technology, 22 May 1944. ‘The Molecular Structure of Fibres', Lancaster Section of the Textile Institute, 7 Oct. 1944. ‘Adventures among the Proteins and other Moiecuiar Giants’, Association of Women Science Teachers, 23 Sept. 1944. "X-ray analysis of fibres', Yorkshire Section of the Textile Institute, 9 Oct. 1944. misc. invitations (declined). and equipment, with librarian re 1944-48 "Fibres and Fabrics, old and new', Royal Institution Friday Discourse, 12 May 1944. Published in Proc. Roy. Inst., Vol .33, p.140, 1946 (No.65 in R.S. Memoir). 'X-ray interpretation of wool', Cantor Lecture, Royal Society of Arts, 26 Feb. 1945. p.613, 1945 (No.64a in R.S. Memoir). Published in J. Roy. Soc. Arts, Vol.43, Correspondence re scheduling of lecture, list of people to whom invitations were sent, publication and illustration of lecture, publicity. Invitation from Sir Henry Dale, correspondence with W.J. Green re arrangements for lecture publication. misc. invitations to lecture (declined). 'The Molecular Structure of Fibres. Position’, Scottish Section of the Textile Institute, 2 March 1945. A Review of the Present "Macro-molecules', British Section of International Society of Leather Trades Chemists, 21 Sept. 1945. Correspondence re: "Science and Textile Industries', Rotary Club of Bradford, 19 Jan. 1945. 'X-ray study of plastics', Association of Scientific Workers, 8 Feb. 1945. W.T.A. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 D.13 "Recent advances in X-ray and related studies of the fibrous proteins', lecture at Utrecht, 9 Nov. 1946 (with correspondence re other invitations to lecture in Holland). is included in the file. Summary of lecture Correspondence re: Lecture to Old Scholars, Scientific Society, Yorkshire, 5 Jan. 1946. 'The Structure and Elastic Properties of Synthetic Fibres’, Birmingham and Midlands Section of Royal Institute of Chemistry, 15 Feb. 1946 (with 2-page typescript of abstract). Lecture on penicillin, The Inner Wheel, Leeds, 22 Feb. 1946. Speech day, Longton High School, 6 June 1946. misc. invitations (declined).. Correspondence re: 1947-48 Lecture to Society of Chemical Industry, Newcastle Upon Tyne Section, 16 April 1947. Lecture to Royal Institute of Chemistry, South Yorkshire Section, May 1947. Br. J. Radiol., Vol.22, 9.355 (No.84 in R.S. Memoir). Demonstration of electron microscope, Royal Microscopical Society Soirée, 6 Oct. 1948. 'The electron microscope and some recent discoveries with it in the field of macromolecules', Chemical Society, Sheffield, 4 Nov. 1948. 'Collagen and Keratin', Royal College of Surgeons, Dental Postgraduate Course, 28 Jan. 1948. 'The structure of biological tissues as revealed by X-ray diffraction analysis and electron microscopy’ (Sylvanus Published Thompson Memorial Lecture), 16 April 1948. in Correspondence re arrangements for lecture, publication, reprints. 'The Science of Fibres', Bradford Textile Society, 13 Jan. 1947. Published in J. Bradford Textile Society, p.3, 1946-47 (No.69 in R.S. Memoir). 'The Muscle Machine', Biochemical Society, University of Birmingham, 11 Nov. 1948. "Macromolecular adventures with the electron microscope’, Chemical Society, Aberdeen, 10 Dec. 1948. misc. invitations (declined). 1947 W.TA. - C.S.A.0.33/10/75 D.17 "Macromolecular Adventures with the Electron Microscope’, Presidential Address to the Yorkshire Branch of the Science Masters' Association, 12 Oct. 1948. 1] 1947-49 During Astbury's year as president, the Association held a Conference on the Correlation of School and University Science Teaching on 8 May at Leeds University; Astbury's correspondence with the secretary re arrangements for the conference (speakers, publicity, hospitality). the file includes Correspondence re: Lecture to Blackburn Philosophical and Scientific Society, 7 Oct. 1949. "Recent Macromolecular Adventures with the Electron Microscope', Glasgow Section of Royal Institute of Chemistry, 21 Oct. 1949. Lecture to Society of Glass Technology, Wembley, 26 Oct. 1949. Lecture to Royal Institute of Chemistry, Tees-side Section, 28 Oct. 1949. Lecture to Chemical Society, Southampton, 25 Nov. 1949. misc. regrets. Correspondence re: 'X-ray analysis and electron microscopy of fibre structure’, University of Manchester, 9 Feb. 1950. ‘The Chemistry and Physics of Textile Fibres', University College, Leicester, 21 Feb. 1950. "Molecular Studies with the electron microscope’, Huddersfield Section, Royal Institute of Chemistry, 7 March 1950. 'The Science of Fibres’, course for tutors, University of London, 25 April 1950. misc. regrets. Lecture at jubilee meeting of the British Ceramic Society, 25 April 1950. "X-ray and electron microscope studies of the structure of biological tissues’, Fison Memorial Lecture, Guy's Hospital Medical School, 9 June 1950. 'The Muscle Machine, and from there down to bacterial flagella', Association of Women Science Teachers, 25 Nov. 1950. 12 1950-53 C.S:A.€;:33/10/75 "Adventures in Molecular Biology', The Harvey Lecture, New York, 28 Sept. 1950. Vol.46 (No.93 in R.S. Memoir). Published in Harvey Soc. Series, Correspondence re dinner before lecture, publication, illustrations, request for reprint. ‘Festival of Britain', correspondence re planning of Science Exhibition in South Kensington. "Fibres and Chain Molecules, Old and New', the Plastics Institute, 1 Nov. 1951. Correspondence re scheduling of lecture, synopsis, publicity and news accounts, 2-page typescript summary of lecture. Correspondence re: ; 1951-52 "Studies by X-ray analysis, electron microscopy and supporting techniques of the structure of biological macromolecules and the tissues formed from them', British Postgraduate Medical Federation, London, 23 Oct. Sl. 'The Muscle Machine and Bacterial Flagella', Biological Society, University of Sheffield, 26 Nov. 195i. ‘Fibres and Fibre Molecules in Industry, Biology and Medicine', W.E.A., 21 April 1952. Textile Institute, 1952. Published in J. Text. Inst., Vol.44, 1952-53 'Some recent adventures in molecular biology', gsr Society, King's College, London, 21 Jan. 1952. Maxwell 'The Problem of the Structure of Collagen Fibres: How We Stand Now', Atkin Memorial Lecture, Leather Students' Society, Leeds, 22 Feb. 1952. 'The great adventure of fibre structure’, The Mather Lecture, The p.81 (No. 105 in R.S. Memoir). misc. invitations to speak. 'Hairs, Muscles and Bacterial Flagella', Chemical Society, St. Andrews University, 14 Nov. 1952. Prize-giving at County School for Boys, Bromley, Kent, 11 July 1952. 'Hairs, Muscles and Bacterial Flagella', Biochemical Society, University of Birmingham, 16 Oct. 1952. Correspondence re publication of lecture. Correspondence re: WiTi Aa & GaScA. G5:93/10/75 D.26 Correspondence re: "Modes of Vision', Derby Scientific Club, Derby, 16 Jan. 1953. Lecture to Cardiff Section of Textile Institute, 22 Jan. 1953. "The Structure of the Wool Fibre’, Huddersfield Textile Society, 30 March 1953 (with typescript verbatim report of lecture). "Some recent ideas about the proteins and other biological macromolecules', British Postgraduate Medical Federation, 17 Nov. 1953 (with schedule of lecturers for course). misc. invitations (declined). Correspondence re: Christmas lectures for children, sponsored by Bradford Civic Society, 8 and 9 Jan. 1954. "Recent ideas on the structure of the proteins and.nucleic acids', Manchester University Chemical Society, 1] Feb. 1954. misc. invitations (declined). 1952-54 Correspondence re: 1955-57 Proposed visit to Russia for lectures in 1955 (cancelled due to illness). "Studies of the molecular basis of biological motility', Ramsey Memorial Lecture, 1 Dec. 1955 (lecture not given). Correspondence with A.H.T. Robb-Smith re arrangements for lecture and for dinner, and re details of electron microscopes. "Some observations and thoughts on the structure and motility of flagella’, Litchfield Lecture, Oxford University Medical School, 19 May 1954 (originally scheduled for 6 May 1953, but cancelled due to illness). 4 May 1957. "Protein structure', Wolverhampton and Staffordshire Technical College, 30 Jan. 1957. Speech to Rotary Club of Bradford scheduled for 16 Dec. 1955 (not delivered). "The Structure of Fibres', 19 Nov. 1956 (with synopsis of speech). National Physical Laboratory, ‘The present position in protein fibre studies', University of Birmingham Biochemical Society, 7 Feb. 1957. ‘Fundamentals of Collagen’, British Society of Periodontology, 14 1940-45 1940-50 W.T.A. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 D.30-D.31 Textile Fibres under the X-ray, Imperial Chemical Industries, 1940: Invitation to write book, correspondence re points to be included, arrangements for visit to discuss the work in progress, queries of accuracy, difficulties in obtaining good reproductions of photo- graphs, foreign translations, distribution of presentation copies and the letters of thanks. re Endeavour and Items E.82-E.89, 1.C.i.) (See also Item D.46, correspondence Correspondence with Oxford University Press re proposed 2nd edition of Fundamentals of Fibre Structure and re a monograph X-ray Studies of Protein Structure which Astbury was to write on for R.H. Fowler's International Series (with letter from N.F. Mott urging him to complete the work). published. entitled 'Studies of Protein Structure’, is presumably Astbury's draft for this work. Item C.4, a 119-page Ms draft dated May 1947 and The monograph was never "An attempt at an X-ray analysis of embryonic processes’ (with R.G. Harrison and K.M. Rudall), J. Exp. Zool. 85, 339 (No.45 in R.S. Memoir): correspondence with co-authors. "Science in relation to the community', School Science Review, No.109, p.268 (No.78 in R.S. Memoir). 1941-50 D.36 D.37-D.40 1941-42, 1944 Correspondence re re 'Flagella', Scientific American, 184 No.1, p-21 (No.97 in R.S. Memoir). Correspondence with Jerome Alexander re Astbury's article 'Proteins' for Vol.V of 'Colloid Chemistry, Theoretical and Applied’. bibliography. ) (This article is not given in the R.S. Memoir Correspondence re reviews and short coniributions, distribution of offprints, setting up of illustrations, refereeing of papers (4 folders). Correspondence re publication of 'X-rays and the stoichiometry of the proteins’, Advances in Enzymology, Vol.3, p.63 (No.57 in R.S. Memoir) and re royalties due to Astbury. information. Correspondence with the editors of Nature re submission of articles and letters for publication, refereeing of papers, reviews, permission to reproduce photographs and illustrations (2 folders). Although the texts of only three contributions were with the correspondence, many of Astbury's letters contain much scientific Correspondence re requests to reprint illustrations, photographs, figures, etc. from Astbury's published work (3 folders). 1939-56 1940-57 1949-51 1939-57 D.41-D.43 D.44-D.45 W.T.A, C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 D.46 Astbury was requested to contribute an article on Correspondence with editors of Endeavour re contributions by Astbury, translations, blocks for illustrations, proofs, and reviews. textile fibres under the X-ray for one of the first issues and much of the correspondence is re this article. The file also contains the typescript of Astbury's review of 'The Nature and Structure of Collagen’ by J.T. Randall (1954). D.47 Correspondence with J.G. Crowther and F.D. Ommanney re articles for Monthly Science News. D.48-D.49 Correspondence re Journal of Polymer Science, Polytechnic (These Institute of Brooklyn, Interscience Publishers ine correspondence files are so intermingled that the subjects cannot be segregated) (2 folders). 15 1941-55 1942-46 1943-57 the correspondence includes requests for Astbury was a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Polymer Science; Astbury to contribute articles, memos re editorial business and publication matters, Astbury's forwarding of papers to Journal, arrangements to visit the Biophysics Department at Leeds, copies of correspondence between editors in N.Y. and authors in England. (See also Item E.48, correspondence with Paul Doty.) D.48 D.49 1943-54 1955-57 D.51-D.58 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Correspondence re Journal of Colloid Science (Astbury was a member of the Consulting Committee of the Editorial Board): invitation to join Board, submission of papers, invitation to edit handbook on textile fibres. Astbury was a member of the Editorial Board from its inception. The correspondence deals with the composition of the Editorial and Advisory Boards, distribution scheme of manuscripts sub- mitted for publication, drafts of prospectus and of editorial policy, notifications of papers sent and received, monihiy lists of papers submitted for publication, problems of long delays in publication and of poor reproduction of illustrations, subscription costs, reviews and articles by Astbury, proposals for various books to be sponsored by BBA, translations. Much of the correspondence, especially that w vith authors who submitted manuscripts to Astbury for forwarding to BBA, contains discussion of scientific subjects. (See also col mnage nce in Section E with G. Eaves, C. Weibull, L. Singleton, and especially with R. Wyckoff, another member of the Editoriai Board. ) March=-Dec. 1946 Dec.1947-July 1948 Aug.-Dec.1948 3 Aug.1949-July 1950 Aug. 1950-Nov.1952 Jan. 1953-Dec.1953 Jan.1954~Dec.1955 C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 D.56 D.57 Jan. 1956-Feb.1957 Monthly lists of Mss submitted for publication 1948-1957 One set of postcards (1948-54): notifications of receipt by BBA of Mss forwarded by Astbury. ae Professional correspondence E.1 - E.212 These files comprise Astbury's correspondence with scientific colleagues in universities, research laboratories, industrial or manufacturing firms, and also with Trusts and Foundations giving financial support to his work. Private individuals are listed by name; scientists working for firms such as 1.C.1., British Celanese, etc. do not appear by name in the list below, but can be found in the General Index on pp.35-53. An indication is given below of the period covered by the correspondence. Patrick Adiam, J. Allsopp, C. B. Astbury, Norman Atkins, W. Ron Oe Alexander, Peter 1955 1952 1944-48 1942 1951-56 Andrade, Edward Neville da Costa 1946-52 Beadle, L. Bennett-Clark, Thomas Archibald e 1952 1951 1948 1955 1943 1946-48 1941 1950 H. Bacon, G. Baker, Richard F. Barclay, A. E. Barker, Aldred F. Barrer, R. M. Bairati, Angelo Berridge, N. de Boér.. J. - Bonhoeffer, K. Bourne, Geoffrey H. Bowes, M. Brasseur, H. Brewer, Douglas B. Buck, John B. Bete. © Ky Burton, E. Buxton, P. 1944-45 1951 1950 1946-55 1955-56 1940 1955 1940-43 1943 1944-45 1946 1939-41 1942-43 1944-46 1948-56 Bailey, Kenneth 4 folders: ‘ 1939-56 as Mi ee rs A. W.TAL C55.A,.Ce 93/10/75 et f.12 E.13 E.14 E ao 16 otk Bate-Smith, E. c. Bear, Richard S. Bernal, John Desmond Bisset, Kenneth A. Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart (Baron Blackett of Chelsea) Block, Richard J. Bragg, Sir William & Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence British Celanese (Astbury was a consultant 1942-56) 3 folders: E.18 E.19 E*20 1941-42 1943-45 1946-56 British Cotton Industry Research Association British Leather Manufacturers’ Research Association British Pottery Research Association Brother, George H. Burgers, W. OG. . 17 1940 1951-56 1941-54 1950-53 1946 1941-46 1940-54 1941-56 1943-46 1940-48 1940-46 1940-51 1945-51 Carter, D. Cary-Gilson, F. Cornu, Ch. Corran, J. Cragg, J. Crook, "E. B. M. Ww. Caspersson, T. 1950-54 1953 1944 1940 1948 1948 1941-56 1940-51 1939-52 1948 Chargaff, Erwin 1942-52 1951-55 Clark, George L. Corey, Robert B. Chibnall, Albert Charles Clark, Sir Wilfrid Le Gros 1940-41 (includes W:T.A.'s correspondence with Royal Society re assessment of Cox's work using Paul Instrument Fund grant (1955-56)) Cox, Sir (Ernest) Gordon (George) 1941-46 1948-52 1953-55 mmrisaac le parracnandanca iui av ’ Cox, H. t. 1946-55 1941-55 Courtaulds Ltd. 3 folders: E.33 Ey 34 Bao Wit: C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 E.38 E.39 E.4 E. Ey ea E.4 Czekalowski, Jaroslaw Wiktor M. Dale, W. Davenport, Charies B. Day, T. Dickinson, Sylvia Dmochowski, Leontyn Ludomir D. de Navarre, M. G. Dougherty, Ellsworth C. Durrans, Thomas H. Dainton, Sir Frederick Sydney Dalgleish, Charles E. Darlington, Cyril Dean (includes correspondence and photographs in Dec. 1939 on nucleic acids quoted only in part in 1974, p.111) R. Olby, The path to the double helix, ‘ Darmon, S. Es Davies, Mansell M. Dillon, J. H. Dingle, Herbert Dohrn, Peter & Dohrn, R. (see also F.4) Ee Rs E. E. Eaves, George Edsall, John T. Doty, Paul M. Dowson, W. ks Dunlop Rubber Co. Ltd. Ellis, Frank Engsir8m, Arne 'Espinasse, Paul G. Evans, G. Evans, R. 1945-56 Fearon, William Fenton, W. Fonbrune, P. de Forman, Jan Foster, John Frazer, Alastair Campbell 1948 1940 1950 1945 1952 1950 1941, 1946, Elton, Sir Arthur Hallam Rice (see also Imperial Chemical Fish, Sir (Eric) Wilfred (also includes W.T.A.'s correspondence with Martin A. Rushton) Fankuchen, Isidor 1949-54 1951-53 1945 Industries) Ewald, Paul P. C. C. 18 1951-56 1946 1941-42 1948 1948 1946, 1954, 1958 1944-45 1956 1941] 1941-55 1948 1939-44 1948 1945-55 1952-55 1940 1953-56 1948-55 1950 1942, 1950 1950, 1955 1946 1948 1942 1940, 1946 1943-45 1956 W.T.A, C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 E39 E.60 E.61 Fowler, R. H. Franklin, Rosalind Gard, Sven George, William H. Geren, Betty Ben N. Ghosh, B. Giles, C. H. Goldie, A. Gotte, Lorenzo Graham, M. Green, H. Gross, Jerome Gullard, J. Gutfreund, Herbert N. bes Masson ; Gorter, Evert Gray, J. : Gustavson, K. Helmer 19 1940-43 1953 1948 1957 1954 1949 1953-54 1945 1953 1953 1948 1952-53 1946 1943-44 1948-54 195] 1950-56 Fi, Hallsworth, E. Si Hamacher, Howard F. Harvey, P. Hellier, F. Ry Helveg-Larsen, H. Heppleston, A. Hermans, J. Hermans, P. Hetherington, A. Hinshelwood, Cyril Norman Holness, R. Hopwood, F. Horton, W. Fi Li, G. ae MH; G. G, Lj 1944-55 1946-51 Happey, Frank Halle, Friedrich Hanes, Charles Samuel Haddow, Sir Alexander 1941-52 Harington, Sir Charles (Robert) Hirst, Sir Edmund (Langley) Hill, Archibald Vivian Heidelberger, Michael Harry, Ralph G. Harrison, W. Heringa, G. Ss Haworth, W. N. 1940-50 1940-57 1934-41 1942-55 Harvey, A. 1950-53 1946-54 1940-45 1944 1951 1948 1948 1952 1948 1940 1946 1946 1947 1942 1956 1941-45 1941-51 1944-45 W.T.A. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 E.72 E.80 E.8] Hodge, Alan J. Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot (includes one letter from Thomas Hodgkin 1944) Hoyle, Lester E.82-E.91 Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. 20 1953-54 1942-52 1950-52 1940-56 Astbury undertook research work for 1.C.1. (Research Project to the Dyestuffs Group in 1943, the consuliancy being terminated in 1956. His book ‘Textile fibres under the X-rays’ (1940) was prepared for and published by I.C.1. The Company made financial contributions to the work of Astbury's Department of Biomolecular Structure, 1946-56. The i.C.1. subsidiaries, divisions or offices involved are: Explosives Group (Nobel House, Stevensiton, Ayrshire), 1.C.1. (Alkali) Ltd. (Northwich, Cheshire) Imperial Chemical House, Millbank, London 1.C.1. (Dyestuffs Division) (Hexagon House, Blackley, Manchester) Man alanctar \ Plastics Division (Black Fan Road, Welwyn Garden City) Nobel House, Buckingham Gate, London Billingham Division (Billingham, Co. Durham) Paints Division, Slough Dumfries Factory, Drungans, Dumfries 'Terylene' Council, Welwyn The correspondence deals with: arrangements for meetings and discussions, with memos. and Minutes thereof; reports, analyses and discussions of research in progress; purchase, installation and functioning of equipment; applications for research grants, fees for work undertaken, etc.; lectures demonstrations, film shows, conferences; publication and distribution of 'Textile Fibres under The X-rays', and misc. articles on research by Astbury and colleagues. (See also D.30-D.31.) 1949-56 1940-42 1943 1944 1945 1946 1948 (one letter 1947) (Aug.) 1949-50 1951-52 1953 1954-56 10 folders: E.82 E.83 E.84 E25 E.86 E.87 E.88 E.89 E.90 E Pa 1944, 1953- 1956 Ingram, John Thornton 1945-49 1940 Iterson, G. van Janssen, L. W. Johnson, Paley W.T.AL © C.S.A.C, 93/10/75 E.96 G. A. S. A. Kalmus, Hans Kaye, Maurice A. Keilin, David Kenner, James Ketelaar, J. Kirkwood, S. Knibbs, N. Vv. Koch, William J. Koffler, Henry Kolkmeyer, N. — H. Koller, P. Os Koprowski, Hilary Kornreich, E. Kratky, O. Kellgren, Jonas Henrik Kellner, Lotte (see also Dingle, H.) Kendrew, John Cowdery : 21 1941-42 1950-51 1942 1941-42 1945-46 1956 1945-46 1954 1956 1945 1944 1950 1944 1948-55 1949-54 1940 1953-55 Kodak Ltd. 1940-1954 Lachman, F. Laki, Koloman Lane, E. ye Lave, Max von Laves, Wolfgang Lee, Sir Kenneth Lendrum, F. Lessing, R. Life Wave Comb Little, Kitty Loofbourow, John R. Lovecy, A. cy Co. de Lange, J. a Lewin, Ralph A. of Leeds) 1953 1953 1945 1950 1948 1944 1953 1945 1946 1950 1940 1945 Lennard-Jones, Sir John 1940-56 1942 1950-56 1949-53 Li, Chao Hao (see also Nuffield Foundation, University i McLaughlin, George D. MacLennan, John D. MacLeod, J. D. Manley, E. ¥ Marriott, Robert H. Marsh, J. Lipson, Henry Solomon (see also Institute of Physics) Lorand, Laszlo (includes correspondence re Lorand's early career (with R.G. McFarlane, R.A. Kekwick)) 1955-56 1942-53 1948-57 Lonsdale, Dame Kathleen Low, Barbara W.1.A he C.S Aue) dasl0/75 Marshak, Alfred Maslem, E. Martin, A. Mercer, E. Meyer, Karl N. a H. Fo Middlebrook, W. Miller, Michael D. Mitchell, Robert L. Memnocris.-£.°° Monaghan, Edward J. Mongar, J. Moore, Dan H. Moore, Harry Morales, Manuel Murphy, Frank Ly ; , on Me Manton, Irene Marsden, Sir Ernest . Mortin, Sir Charles Marwick, Thora Cuthbert (Mrs. K.C. Roberts) - Mathieu, M. Medawar, Sir Peter Melland, Amicia M. 1955 1955 1943 1956 1940 1954 1955 1952 1945 1953 1954 1953 1942 1951-52 1943-45 1941-50 1944-46 1940-47 1941-51 1948-55 1943-45 1940-50 Melnick, Joseph L. Miles, F. Ds Morgan, Walter J. 195] 1944-49 1941-52 North British Rayon Ltd. 1951-52 1952 1945-48 1941-49 Needham, Joseph & Needham, Dorothy Mott, Sir Nevill Francis Nier, H. Nowacki, W. L; 1943 Pacsu, Eugen Padoa, E. Parkin, Thomas Parry, Gwen I. Paterson, Edith Patterson, A. — Lindo Pautord, Frederick G. Peirce, F. Oldershaw, A. Onions, W. Ormondts, Van Orowan, E. 1941 1952 1952 1946 1949 1943 1952 1944 1952 1940-41 1942 1939-45 1945-46 Oliver, Donald A. ; 1 Neurath, Hans W. a 1950-52 WitvA,.. CS. A.€.:33/10/75 E.131 ee G. A. V. Grant Pennycuick, C. Percival, E. Peterkin, G. Philpot, D. Philpot, J. Pijper, Adrianus Stes Pirie, Norman Wingate Pitelka, Dorothy R. Palmer, Kenneth J. Passey, R. D. (includes committee papers of the Yorkshire Council of the British Empire Cancer Campaign of which Astbury was Acting Chairman and Passey Hon. Secretary) 23 1954 1943, 1948 1956 1954 1941 1943, 1949, 1953 1945 1956 1944-45 1945-55 Patnaik, Brajabihari Pauling, Linus (includes corréspondence re US State Department's refusal to grant passport to Pauling in 1952: copy of Pauling's letter to President Truman, copy of statements by Pauling dated 14 Nov. 1950 and 29 April 1952) Pepper, K. W. Perry, S. Ma 1945-55 1943-54 j 1940-43 1948-51 Preston, G. ‘ is, 1942-51 1944-56 Petitpas, Th. ‘ N. 1941-53 1949 1946, 1953, 1956 1943 1944 Perutz, Max Ferdinand Pratt, D. D. Picken, L. i Pringsheim, E. Polanyi, Michael 1941-53 Ramachandran, G. Ramsey, Robert W. Reed, R. Ritchie, P. Roberts, N. Robinow, C. Roe, Edna M. Rogers, G. Rogers, H. Rook, A. Rowlands, Stanley Russell, Frederick Stratten 1956 1944-45 1956 1949 1953 1945 1946 1944 1945 1950 1950 1954 Randall, Sir John (Turton) Radley, J. A. Rawlins, F. re G. La ie J 1941 1944-53 D. rs Ri WiT,A; = C.KA.C, 33/10/75 . 150 ry Fea Rideal, Sir Eric Riley, Dennis Robertson, J. Monteath .152-E.154 The Rockefeller Foundation 24 1944-51 1941-53 1941-56 1939-56 The Foundation was the chief single source of financial support for Astbury's work, its first grant being made in 1934. Reports and discussions of research in progress and programmes for future work, especially on protein structure, collagen, nucleic acids. Research grants for Astbury and colleagues. Installation of first electron microscope at Leeds University (1943). Establishment of Department of Biomolecular Structure at Leeds University. Conferences and meetings, travel arrangements, etc. Many letters give an attractive insight into Astbury's personality, in addition to the scientific information they contain. 3 folders: E.152 E;.153 1939-45 1946-50 ( / \ ] 1 letter only Dec. 1947) letter oniy March 1949) 1 ! E.154 1951-56 Ruskin, Simon 1953 1951-54 Rothschild, Lord Victor B. Sanger, F. Saville, W. Saxl, Erwin J. Schmidt, Gerhard (to Rudall) Schwarz, Peter Sen eR. hes On Mi, Senti, F. Seville, R. Ks H. 1948 1941, 1943 1940-41 1944 1953 1951 1955 1945 1952 1947-52 Sheffield, F. Simons, Lewis Smith, James H. ie Smith, J. Spearman, Richard Spence, David Ts steer. Ai Sternberg, J. Stevenson, Margaret F. Stora, C. Straub, F. Siraub, Ir. 1945 1951 1941 1953 1955 1943-49 194i 1950 1946 1946 1949 1945 Sadron, Charles M. . : B. Ji WELA. 2C.SH.C. 33/10/75 E.160 E.161 E.162 E.163 E.164 E.165, £.166 Saha, Narendra Nath Savill, Agnes Schmidt, W. 3: Schmitt, Francis O. Seifriz, William Shell Refining and Marketing Co. Ltd. (especially Lubricating Oi! Laboratory, Thornton-le- Moors, Chester, later Thornton Research Centre) 2 folders: E.165 E.166 1945-55 Reports Singleton, Leslie Sisson, Wayne A. 25 1945-57 1941-56 1946-57 1945-56 1941-53 1945-55 1950-57 1940-56 Slater, Sir William (re W.T.A.'s unsuccessful application 1953 to Agricultural Research Council for grant) Speakman, J. B. Springall, H. Stacey, M. Stanley, W. M. of 13 Oct. 1939) (photocopy of Astbury's letter 1940-56 1943-44 1945-54 1945-53 1941-56 1946-54 Vi Sherwood R. R. i Sutherland, Gordon (Brims Black Mclvor) Szent-Gy&rgyi, Albert (includes correspondence with 1940 1943 1949 1949 1948 1954-55 1948 1943-44 George Rozsa, Clara W. Mayer, Andrew Szent- Gy8rgyi) Taylor, C. Taylor, F. Taylor, Hugh S. Thompson, Sir Harold Warris Trepka, E. Tristram, G. Trueman, E. Turner, A. 1945-51 pondence and committee papers of the Manchester Branch of the Institute of Physics of which W.H. Taylor was Hon. Sec. and W.T.A. a member) Todd, Alexander Robertus (Baron Todd of Trumpington) Taylor, W. Hi (much of the file consists of corres- Thompson, Sir D'Arcy Wentworth 1955 1940-48 1945 1948-52 Taylor, Charles A. Tiselius, Arne WTA, | -C,S.A;G-93/10/75 E.182-E.185 Astbury undertook Tootal Broadhurst Lee Co. Ltd. (Research Dept. , Manchester). investigations and experimental work for this firm from 1940. Correspondence on analyses of natural and synthetic fibres. Equipment (including electron microscope), visits and meetings, publications, lectures and demonstrations. 4 folders: E.182 E.183 E.184 E.185 1940-42 1943-44 1945-46 (1947 missing) 1948-52 Troensegaard, N. Truter, M. R. Tsdo, T. Cx Tyndall, Arthur Mannering Vi ckery, iT, Virtanen, Artturi |. B. Vickers, A. Eric J. ; 2% 1940-52 1950-54 1955-56 1949-51 1944-45 1642 1740 1950 1940-48 H. Waddington, C. Warburg, Otto Wassermann, Albert Watkins, Kathleen E. Watson-ones, K. Weber, Hans H. Weidinger, A. Weiler, G. Whinfield, J. R, Pi N. 1941 1939 1945 1943 195] 1946-54 1939-40 1942 1943 : D. os H. F. (from Astbury) White, Michael J. Wildschut, A. Wilkins, M. Py Williams, E. Williams, Robley C. Wilson, D. Wolf, ing. Kurt Wolken, Jerome J. #H. Woodger, J. Woodward, F. Worden, Alastair N. Wrinch, Dorothy Wynne-Jones, William Francis Kenrick 1954-56 1941 1946 1953 1942 1954 1945 1939 1953 1946, 1948 1945 1952 1950 1941 Wool Textile Research Council Weissenberg, Karl Weibull, Claes Williams, J. Ww. Weiss, Henri 1948-56 1946 1939 1940-41 W.T.A. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 .199 .200,E.201 Wormall, A. Wyckoff, Ralph Walter Greystone (includes much editorial correspondence for BBA: indexed), forwarding of Mss for publication, etc.) letters from contributors (not 2 folders: E.200 E.201 1945-52 1953-55 Yorke, Allan Young, John Zwick, Karl G. Requests for information, references to published work, .203-E. 206 etc. (not indexed) A folders: E.203 E.204 E:205 E.206, 1939-43 1944-48 1949-51 1952-56 27 1939-56 1945-55 1952 1944, 1945 1940 1939-56 .207-E.209 Requests for reprints, copies of published articles, exchange of reprints, acknowledgements (not indexed) 1939-56 3 folders: E.207 E.208 E.209 1939-43 1944-48 1949-56 Misc. references (not indexed) 2 folders Examinations and Theses (not indexed) . s210;,E 211 ate 1940-54 Conferences hat F.1S Correspondence re: Association of 'The structural proteins of the cell', Biochemical Society discussion, London, 10 Nov. 1945 1945-48 Conference on 'Science and Education’ Scientific Workers, June 1945 Symposium on Shrinkage and Cracking of Cementive Material, London 1946 (invitation declined) British Institute of Radiology Conference, 1946 Vile Congrés de Chimie Biologique, 1946 (invitation declined) High Polymer Forum, 1948 (invitation declined) International Rheological Congress, 1948 nference, 1948 (invitation declined) C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Correspondence re conferences and symposia: 28 1949-51 Colloquium on 'Nature et Réle des Virus dans le Cancer', during 5th International Cancer Congress, 1950 Electron Microscopy Congress, 1950 A ° 1 Congrés des Sciences Appliquées 4 I'Industrie Textile, 1951 (invitation declined) Division 15, Plant Cell-Wall Constituents, XII Ith International Congress of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1951 (invitation declined) Discussion on the comparative biology of natural fibres, Royal Society of Medicine, 1950 Visit to USA to attend American Crystallographic Association meeting (21-25 Aug.), Gordon Research Conference (28 Aug. - 1 Sept.), International Congress for Celi Biology (4-8 Sept. ), Connective Tissue Conference (6-7 Oct.) 1950, 1950-51 2 1951-52 | See also Item D.20 re see the appropriate files in Astbury corresponded with the Rockefeller Foundation, The correspondence includes arrangements for travel to US, discussion of Astbury's contribution to The Gordon Conference 'X-ray Diffraction Studies on Proteins and Nucleic Acids’, programme of Crystallographic meeting, plans to visit various individuals and laboratories (RCA, A.L. Patterson, Ray Pepinsky, Maurice Huggins, Milton Harris). the Harvey Lecture which Astbury delivered in New York on 29 Sept. F.O. Schmitt, A. Szent-Gydrgyi, R. Wyckoff, W. Sisson, and M. Heidelberger re his visit; Section E. Conference on 'Submicroscopic structure of protoplasm’, Naples Zoological Station, 22-25 May 1951. Correspondence with A. Monroy re conference arrangements, with P. and R. Dohrn re publication of conference proceedings, with Silvio Ranzi re Astbury's lecture in Milan, with H.G. Callan re payment of travelling expenses. Typescript of Astbury's reconstruction of his remarks during discussion of papers by Wilkins, Chantrenne, and Buchthal with note 'I (Astbury) think these remarks correspond at least to the sense of what | said at the actual symposium, but with probably a little additional matter’ " (See also correspondence with A. (See also R. Olby, The path to the double helix, Macmillan 1974, pp.338-340. ) Invitations and related correspondence re Astbury's proposed trip to the USA to attend the XIIth International Conference of Pure and Applied Chemistry (visit was cancelled). Detroit Institute of Cancer Research, American Cyanamid Co., Chemistry Dept. McGill University, National Dairy Research Laboratory, Division of Cellulose Chemistry, American Chemical Society. Bairati. ) Invitations from C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Invitations to: British Plastics Convention, 1951 (invitation declined) Jubilee Meeting of the Bunsengesselschaft from K. Bonhoeffer, 1951 (invitation declined) International Congress of Clinical Pathology, 1951 (Astbury did not attend, but R. Reed presented a joint paper on ‘Studies of the Collagen Diseases by Electron Microscopy and X-ray Analysis', abstract included) Northern Cancer Group Meeting, 1951 (declined) Anglo-German summer school, Berlin, 17-26 July 1952 (invitation declined) 29 1951-52 1951-52 list Lecture in the Istituto Chimico della Universita di Torino, 21 March 1952 'Recent Progress in the Structure of the Fibrous Proteins' Correspondence with A. Nasini re programme for visit, of lantern slides, summary of lecture (sent ahead for translation), notes on ‘use of reflecting microscope with an infra-red spectrometer’. Royal Society Discussion on the Structure of Protein, 1 May The correspondence includes 1952 (organised by Astbury). a copy of Sir Edward Salisbury's letter to A.C. Chibnall suggesting that such a discussion should be held in early 1952, Astbury's reply to the proposal, arrangements for a grant for travelling expenses for a visiting speaker, Astbury's corres- pondence with Sir David Martin re the programme and the printing of the Mss of the Discussions, invitations to partici- pants. and institutions re the Protein Discussion will be found in the appropriate file in Sections Eand G: A.C. Chibnall, J. Edsall, R. Corey, D. Hodgkin, E.N. Andrade, R. Bailey, L. Bragg, J.D. Bernal, J.T. Randall, D.P. Riley, Royal Institution, Courtaulds, Society for Visiting Scientists. Astbury's correspondence with the following individuals A. Haddow, L. Pauling, 'Radiations et Macromolecules', International Union of Chemisiry Colloquim, Strasbourg, 9-11 June 1953 1954 International Biochemical Congress, 1953 (with programme) (invitation declined) Industrial Welfare Socie ty Conference, 1954 (invitation declined) Council for British Archaeology Conference, 1954 (invitation declined) Invitations to: Conference of British Gelatine and Glue Research Association, 1953 Northern Concer Research Workers Group, 1953 Indian Science Congress, 1954 (invitation declined) WiE& © G.S.A.C,, 33/1075 F.10 Visit to USA to attend: 14 Aug.-14 Oct. 1953 Gordon Conference on Proteins and Nucleic Acids (24-27 Aug. ) Pasadena Conference on the Structure of Proteins (21-22 Sept.), Correspondence with organisers of Gordon Conference (Kurt Stern, M. Anson) L. Programme of Pasadena Conference, list of participants. Correspondence re: a obtaining visas travel arrangements finances scheduling visits to various universities, labs. and meetings: Symposium on 'BiochemicalResearch in Europe’, sponsored by American Society of European Chemists and Pharmacists, Study Group on Rheumatic Diseases See also correspondence in Section E with: R. Wyckoff, W. Sisson, D. Wrinch, A. Szent-Gy&rgyi, W.M. Stanley, Linus Pauling, E. Chargoff, Simon Ruskin, J. Edsall, M. Heidelburger, Chao Hao Li, Rockefeller Foundation. International Congress on Scientific Research Applied to Textile Industry, 27-29 June 1955, Brussels. the 1954-55 1954-56 The file is composed of corres- Astbury, a Corresponding Member of the Institute, was responsible for organising the programme. pondence with H. Ephrussi-Taylor and G. Weber re their participation in the conference and with S. Ranzi re publication of proceedings. Sutherland, L. Pauling, F.O. Schmitt, R. Corey, W.L. Bragg, J.D. Bernal, J. Kendrew, H.H. Weber and M. Stacey re the conference; see the appropriate files in Section E. Astbury also corresponded with B.B.M. Correspondence re conference arrangements and re publication of Astbury's lecture ‘Textile, Fibres and Molecular Biology’. Conference programme. Conference on ‘Macromolecules of the Organism', sponsored by the Istituto Lombardo di Scienza e Lettere, Pallanza, Italy, 28-30 July 1955. (summary of subjects, programme) have been kept with the file International Wool Textile Research Conference, sponsored by Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation, Australia, August 1955. Astbury delivered the Inaugural Lecture 'In Praise of Wool', and a paper entitled 'X-rays and the Stoichiometry of Keratin: typescript outline of the Inaugural Lecture, a summary of the paper and a Mss and typescript of Astbury's amended contributions to discussions are included in the file.) deals with the content and scheduling of Astbury's contributions, intricate travel arrangements (handled by the Australian Scientific Liaison Office in London), the publication of the Conference proceedings, visits to other parts of Australia to see labs. and university departments. Printed matter re the Conference 1954-56 a Renewed Enquiry’. (A i-page The correspondence WaT A. -C.S:AeG. 33/10/75 F.14 Visit to Rubber Research Institute of Malaya on return from Australian conference: flight schedules, letters of thanks after visit, personal corres~ pondence. invitation from Director (C.E.T. Mann), Invitations to: 1955-56 Gordon Research Conference, 1955, with programme attached {invitation declined). 3rd International Congress of Biochemistry, Brussels, 1955 (invitation to chair a meeting on ‘Structure of Polypeptides and Proteins' declined). Symposium on Visible Structures of the Bacterial Cell, sponsored by Society of General Microbiology, 1956 (invitation to contribute a paper on 'Flagella' originally accepted, then declined due to pressure of other commit~ ments); Symposium on ‘Physics of Solid State' during Session of Nat a \ National Academy of Science, india, 1955 (declined). Meeting of the Verein der Textilchemiker und Coloristen, Baden-Baden, 1956 (invitation fo deliver opening lecture declined due to poor health). Symposium on X-ray Microscopy and Microradiology, Cambridge, 1956 (not attended). list of contributors attached. Biel cae ts ncli ii ot : 1943-46 G.1 - G.27 Societies and Committees Association of Scientific Workers (Astbury was President, Leeds and District Branch). Misc. correspondence on committee meetings, conferences, lectures fo be given or chaired by Astbury at branches of the Association. British Association for the Advancement of Science. Correspondence re conferences, paper by Astbury ‘What Industry owes to Science’ to be read at B.A. conference; invitation to serve on Organizing Committee for B.A. meeting at Dundee in 1947. Chemical Society. for tecture fours. Astbury undertook a lecture tour of the Netherlands, sponsored by the British Council, in March 1951; 1952 on a tour jointly sponsored by the Council and the Italian The British Council. Misc. correspondence re: exchanges of publications, visits and research facilities with scientific colleagues, holders of British Council Scholarships, etc.; articles contributed by he visited Italy in March 1944-56 W.T.A. C.STA0G. 33/10/75 G.4 The Chemical Society. Misc. correspondence with officers re publications by Astbury in J. Chem. Soc., contribution by Astbury io proposed symposium 'The Chemistry of Cell Division', scheduled but not held on 15 March 1951, visits of foreign scientists K.U. Linderstr6m-Lang, and Arne Tiselius. 32 1941-52 Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. Scientific and administrative correspondence, arranged chrono- logically. The correspondence deals with: analysis; reticulin; inspections; committee meetings and arrangements; and papers. Laboratories involved are: natural and synthetic fibre flagella; visits and conferences equipment; adhesion; Forest Products Research Laboratory, Princes Risborough Chemical Research Laboratory, Teddington Low Temperature Research Station, Cambridge Torry Research Station, Aberdeen Astbury served on the Forest Products Research Board 1946-50, 1951-55 the Food Investigation Board 1946-52, 1953-56, 1956-57 the Joint Committee (D.S.1.R./Ministry of Food) on Physics and Engineering in Food Research and Development 1940-49 1950-51 1952-57 - 1946-54 3 folders: G.5 G.6 G.7 Some scientific correspondence with colleagues Electron Microscopy Group (see also Institute of Physics). Astbury was a founder member of the Electron Microscopy Group within the Institute of Physics, and Chairman 1950-52, The correspondence deals with negotiations for the constitution of the Group, and with conferences, meetings, lectures, papers, etc. in the group is also included. reviews, meetings and conferences. The Faraday Society. Astbury served on the Publications Committee 1945-50. Correspondence on papers, contributions to discussions, etc. written by Astbury, submitted to him as referee, or for review; meetings of Publications Committee; attendance at Society's Discussion including The Hydrogen Bond, May 1940 and correspondence arising; Aug. 1952 and discussion. The Institute of Physics. (see also Electron Microscopy Group, X-ray Analysis Group, W.H. Taylor). References for members and fellows, misc. articles and papers, invitations to lecture at the Society's branches and Groups, The Physical Chemistry of Proteins, 1941-56 W.T.A. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 G.11 International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Commission on Macromolecules. Lists of members, schedule of meetings, programmes, corres~ pondence and papers re Symposium on Macromolecules, Liége, 5-8 April 1948 (Astbury was unable to attend), list of laboratories. Joint Services Materials (Non-Metallic) Advisory Board, Ministry of Supply. Astbury served as Vice-Chairman. Committee papers, correspondence. 33 1948-56 1954-57 1945-54 Medical Research Council. Includes correspondence (Nov. 1945-March 1946) with Sir Edward Mellanby (Sec. to the Council) on Astbury's plans for biomolecular research and hope for support from M.R.C. The Council did not make him a grant, as his research was not exclusively biological, and Astbury wrote (22 March 1946) of his disappointment that neither the textile industry nor medical science gave him financial help despite his services to both. See also R. Olby The path io ihe double helix, Macmillan, 1974, p.327, who quotes a giving a summary of this episode. Astbury served on the Biophysics Committee of the Council (Sec. J.W. Boag) 1948-54, when the Committee was discharged. Correspondence on research in progress, Committee meetings and visits, including programme of visits to M.R.C. Unit for Research on the Molecular Structure of Biological Systems, Cambridge, May 1951, and Research Unit (Director J.T. Randall) King's College, London, Dec. 1952. letter from Sir Harold Himsworth, 1968, 1949-57 The Nuffield Foundation. (see also C.H. Li, J.H. Kellgren, Medical Research Council) Asibury served on the Oliver Bird Fund committee on chemical and physical research in rheumatism (later Rheumatism Committee) set up in 1949 and on the Selection Committee for the Foundation's Biological Scholarships and Bursaries (from 1951). Scientific and administrative correspondence on research programmes on rheumatism to and requirements (including scheme for research be carried out by Astbury's Dept. in Leeds in collaboration with J.H. Kellgren in Manchester), grants from the Foundation and reports by Astbury on research in progress, applications and references for research grants, etc. The Royal Institution. (see also E.N.daC. Andrade) Misc. correspondence on scientific equipment, and on Friday Evening Discourses given by Astbury, andsubsequent publication. 1943-52 WTA C.S3A.C. 93/10/75 G. 16,G.17 The Royal Society. Misc. correspondence on papers written by Astbury and colleagues, or submitted to him for comment; elections, travel and research grants, reports on work sponsored by Society, etc.; (July 1945) and ensuing arrangements. invitation to deliver the Croonian Lecture 2 folders: G.16 G.17 1940-49 1950-56 The Society of Dyers and Colourists. Mainly correspondence on lectures to be given by Astbury to various Sections of the Society, and reviews by him for the Journal. Society for Experimental Biology. Correspondence on research, conferences, meetings, lectures and publications. Astbury served on the Biophysics Sub-Committee of the Society and on the Organising Committees of several of its Symposia. 2 folders: G.19 G.20 1940-52 1953-56 Society for Visiting Scientists, end a few earlier items The Textile Institute. Wool Industries Research Association. 1941-48 1940-56 1952 1940-56 1939-50 1939-52 1946-48 Wool Working Party. Astbury was invited (6 March 1946) by Sir Stafford Cripps (then President of the Board of Trade) to act as an independent member on the Working Party for the Wool industry. (See A.2 for letters of appointment and of thanks from Sir Stafford Cripps. ) Wool Publicity and Research Secretariat. (later International Wool Secretariat) The secretariat provided help for Astbury and his team by Research Fellowships and grants 1938-52). Applications for research grants, progress reports on research in progress, arrangements for meetings, lectures and talks... Some autobiographical information appears in the correspondence. 1943-56 X-Ray Analysis Group. (see also Electron Microscopy Group, Institute of Physics) Scientific and administrative correspondence on research in progress, lectures and papers, conferences and committees. (Includes note of informal meeting held 1 April 1944 at house of Dorothy Hodgkin'to discuss post-war plans and requirements for X-ray crystallography’. ) Misc. Committees and Associations. British Refractories Research Association, 1940 Anglo-Soviet Public Relations Association, 1942 Anglo-French Society of Science, 1945 W.T.A, C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Propellants Sub-Committee, Armament Research Dept., 1945 Meteorological Research Committee, Air Ministry, 1945 Scientific Computing Service Ltd., demonstration of X-ray Fourier Synthesis, 1945 Natural Resources (Technical) Committee, 1954 Index to the Correspondence Adam, N. Adams, D. K. H. Adlam, J. Patrick Adrian, Edgar Douglas (Baron Adrian of Cambridge) Ahmed, Nazir Alexander, Jerome S. Alexander, Peter Allen, Sir Peter (Christopher) Allsopp, C. B. Andrade, Edward Neville da Costa D.43 D.52 E.1 A.17 B.25 A.6, D.34 E.2 E.82-E.91 E.1 E.3 F.10 E.82-E.91 A. E.1 E.1 D.37 E.4 E.82-E.91 E.6-E.9 E.10 E.4 A.15 E.33-E.35 G.26 E.4 D.52 D.53 G.5-G.7 Awbery, J. Anson, M. bs Baddiley, James Bailey, Kenneth Bairati, Angelo Bacon, G. ye Atkins, W. R. G. Astbury, Norman Appleby, M. e. Ashby, Eric (Baron Ashby of Brandon, Suffolk) E.4 Bamford, Clement Henry Bannister, Frederick Aijan Baldwin, Ernest H. r. Barkas, Wilfred W. Barclay, A. op Baker, Richard F. Barer, R. Barigozzi, C. Barker, Aldred F. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Barrer, Richard Maling Barrett, F. 2 Bate-Smith, Edgar Charles Bates, Leslie Fleetwood Beadle, L. hs Beale, Helen Purdy Bear, Richard S. Beard, Joseph W. Bennet-Clark, Thomas Archibald Bernal, John Desmond Berridge, N. Je Bhatnagar, Sir Shanti S. Bisset, Kenneth A. Birkett Clews, C. Blackburn, John |. Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart (Baron Blackett of 36 7 6.91, 'E.4 D.42 OG E.4 E.4 F.3 E.12 D.54 Ars, OAK &.4, G19-G,20 E.13 Ew A.9, E.160 E.14 Puls .198 Chelsea) Block, Richard J. 1D 16 ae oo E.o bie E.18-E.20 Bowes, U. E; .82-2. G.24 de Boer, J. H. Bonhoeffer, K. ; Brachet, Jean Louis Booth, Edgar Harold Bourne, Geoffrey H. Boon, William Robert Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence E.§2-E.91 British Leather Manufacturers' Research Association British Cotton Industry Research Association British Pottery Research Association Caas ES 22 E.23 E.24 Brother, George H. Brewer, Douglas B. Bragg, Sir William Psy no pe, D.53, D.54 Aichi es 7 Brown, C. Ji Brasseur, H. British Celanese Wet ¢ CS AC.03/10/75 Brown, E. a Brown, R. Brown, W. Jy Buck, John B. Bull, A. S; Bunbury, H. M. Bunn, Charles William Burgers, W. G. Burr, H. K. Burton, E. rs. Butler, John Alfred Valentine Buxton, P. A. , Callan, Harold Garnet Campbell, R. Carlisle, C. Harry Carter, D. Cary-Gilson, F. 37 B.9-B.13 G.19-G.20 D.54 ee E.18-E.20 D.37 Avil; &.82+E, 91 Eizo bis Eo D.40 BO F.4 E.82-E.91 F.8 £. 26, £:.S2-€,91 E.26 Esa? B.15 m r e m 29 .30 31 poe Cornu, Ch. Caspersson, T. Chargaff, Erwin G.11 G.27 E.28 Champetier, G. Clow, Archibald Clark, George L. Chapman, Sydney Challenger, Frederick Chibnall, Albert Charles Clark, Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Cox, lan Cox, Sir (Ernest) Gordon (George) Cowling, Thomas George Couison, Charies Aifred Cosslett, Vernon Ellis m o 9 0 2 2 2 O a « m e Courtaulds Limited Corey, Robert B. 2 S e e m e m m E w o Corran, J. W. Cox. Pia .. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Cragg, J. B. Cripps, Sir Stafford Crook, E. M. Crouch, David Lance Crowfoot, Dorothy (Hodgkin) See HODGKIN Crowther, James G. Cuckow, F. WwW. Czekalowski, Jaroslaw Wiktor Dainton, Sir Frederick Sydney Dale, Sir Henry (Hallett) Dale, W. M. Dalgleish, Charles E. Danielli, James Frederic Darlington, Cyril Dean Darmon, S. Ey | Daubenny, R. de P. E.26 A.2 E20 E.82-E.91 B24). 4):D.47 Gi, G.27 E.52,; Got E.38 E.40 D.10 B.37 E.41 FG; .19-G.20 : E.42 E.43 E.82-E.91 Davenport, Charles B. E.39 A.8 DiA2y Fet E.82-E.91 Davson, Hugh Day, te: OB. David, W. x de Navarre, M. G. D.42 E.39 ae & Demuth, W.-H. Davidson, John N. Davies, Mansel M. De Meulemeester, D. E.44, E.18-E.20 E.39 Dmochowski, Leontyn Ludomir Denny, James Runciman E,39 E.45 E.46 E.39 B.16 D.31 Dickinson, Sylvia Dillon, J. Ms Dickie, W. A. E.33-E.35 E.18-E.20 Dervichian, D. Diamond, C. Dingle, Herbert C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Dohrn, Peter Dohrn, R. Doty, Paul Dougherty, Ellsworth C. Dowson, W. a Drummond, A. Drummond, D. A. G. Dubuisson, A. Dunlop Rubber Company Limited Dunn, F. P. Durrans, Thomas H. Durward, Archibald Eaves, George Edsall, John T. Eichna, Ludwig W. Elton, Sir Arthur Hallam Rice Elliott, A. Ellis, Frank EIGH, £., E a7, t.4 E.47, F.4 D.48, E.48 E.39 E 49 E. E. F. E. D E. B. E. E. D. E. E E F alo wal on n r D.31 Evans, G. G. Sieh Engstrém, Arne Evans, J. Evans, Re sat E.51 A.13 Ephrussi, Boris See TAYLOR, H. Evans, Sir Horace 'Espinasse, Paul G. Ephrussi-Taylor, Harriett E.56 D.30-D.31, E.82-E.91 Farrer-Brown, Leslie Fankuchen, Isidor Bid; Us40,y E.21 Fearon, William B.16 A: }1 © a0 Ey Evans, W. Charles Fearnsides, W. E. Fenton, W. aa Everton, “rte Ewald, Paul P. G.14 C100 E.82-E.91 W.TeAi .C.S2A,C; 33/10/75 Ferguson, Alan Few, A. V. Finean, J.B. Finlayson, D. Fish, Sir (Eric) Wilfred Fiske, A. H. Flanagan, Dennis Flint, Henry Thomas Fonbrune, P. de Forman, Jan Foster, John Foulds, R. Fowler, R. P. H. Fowweather, F. ‘ Francis, Marcus Franklin, Rosalind Fraser, Sir Francis Richard D.38 Dios D.53 E.18-E.20 E.58 P93 D.36 A.9 E.50 100 bo . sE. 1826E.185 oF 14 Fromageot, Cl. Gaade, W. Gard, Sven Gergely, John Gee, Geoffrey Geren, Betty Ben George, William H. Fuoss, Raymond M. Gale, Ernest Frederick Frazer, Alastair Campbell » 165578 466 Ghosh, B. Giles, C. Gillet, A. Goidie, A. Graham, Robert Goldsztaub, S. Gorter, Evert Gotte, Lorenzo Graham, M. N. EH. W.T.A..C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Gralén, Nils Gray, J. Green, H. Gross, Jerome Gullard, J. | Masson Gustavson, K. Helmer Gutfreund, Herbert Haddow, Sir Alexander Hailwood, A. a Hakim, A. A. Halle, Friedrich Hailsworth, E. Ham, A. a Hamacher, Howard F. Hammerlund, Olle Hanes, Charles Samuel Hanson, Frank Blair D.53 E.63 E.61 E.6] A.15, E.61 E.64 Eo E.66 E.82-E.91 D.55 E.67 6.65 E.165, E.166 E.65 D.40 E.33-E.35 Harrison, Ross G. Harrison, W. Harry, Ralph G. Harker, D. Harris, Milton Hanson, Jean Happey, Frank Happold, Frank Charles Harington, Sir Charles (Robert) Evo A.8, B.14, B.15 E.70 F.8 F.3 D.33 E.71 D.43, E.72 D.53 D.43 B.t 6.78 E.65 D.15 A.15, E.74 D.52 E.75 Heidelberger, Michael Hawthorne, J. R. Hartman, Philip E. Hartree, E. FE. D.37,° 5.65 Haworth, W. Hellier, Frank Helveg-Larsen, H. W. TAs. -C.5,A.C, 33/10/75 Hemingway, Albert Heppleston, A. G. Heringa, G. Hermans, |. Hermans, J. Hermans, P. Ci Pi a H. Hetherington, A. ig Hill, Archibald Vivian Hinshelwood, Sir Cyril Hirst, Sir Edmund (Langley) Hodge, Alan J. Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot Hoff, H. oF Holmyard, E. Holness, R. Fy G, Hopkins, Giles E. Hopkins, Sir Richard w o ° m ° m ° m e m ° m m ° m e m r e m . m . m ° m e Hopwood, F. Le Horrobin, S. Iland, C. N. Horton, W. G. Huggins, Maurice L. Illingworth, J. Ww. Ingold, Sir Christopher (Kelk) Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Hoyle, Lester Huber, Wolfgang ao Jacoby, Kurt Vision, LW. Johnson, Christopher Hollis ya 93 .90 94 Ingram, John Thornton Iterson, G. van Johnson, Paley Johnson, Walter Jones, A. $. s160, EGL66 Se he 50 W.TA, -C.S:AlC: 33710/75 Kacser, H. Kalmus, Hans Kay Sharp, C. G. Kaye, Maurice A. G. Keilin, David Keliar, J. N. Kellgren, Jonas Henrik Kellner, Lotte Kendrew, John Cowdery Kenner, James Ketelaar, J. A. A. Kidd, Franklin Kilby, B. A. King, E. a. Kirkwood, S. Knibbs, N. V. Koch, William J. Kodak Limited D.30-D.31 H. Kollen, T. Kornreich, E. Kratky, O. Lachman, F. Koller, P. o Laki, Koloman 96 96 96 96 Koffler, Henry Kolkmeyer, N. Koprowski, Hilary E.101 Lee, Sir Kenneth Laves, Wolfgang Lampitt, Leslie Lave, Max von de Lange, J. .101 .101 10 .10] Lendrum, F. Gi: F.101 E.101 Lawrie, L. G. Lane, E. Lang, H. B.3t, &, rol G.8, G.10 E,102 Ss. R. : C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Lennard-Jones, Sir John Lessing, R. Lewin, Ralph A. Lewis, John P. Li, Chao Hao Linderstr¢m-Lang, K. Lipson, Henry Solomon Liquier-Milward, J. Little, Kitty Lloyd, Dorothy Jordan Loach, J. V. Loeb, Robert F. Lomax, R. Lonsdale, Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, Thomas Loofbourow, John R. Low, Barbara E.103 E.101 E.104 E.82-E.91 E.105 A.15, A.17, D.51, D.54 E,106,°G.26 D.53 E.101 E.22 A.8, B.4-B.8 D.20 E.182-E.185 E.107 A.6 E.101 E.108 E.101 D.37 D.53 529 41 Lorand, Laszlo Lovecy, A. Lutyens, W. McBain, J. Ea Ww. Lowman, Frank G. McFarlane, A. o; McLaughlin, George D. Lovelock, James Ephraim Lovell, Sir (Alfred Charles) Bernard “oo McLeod, James Walter McQuillen, Kenneth MacLeod, J. D. Manley, E. a MacLennan, John McLeod, Alastair Mann, C. ie Manton, Irene Mark, Herman F. WTA, C25:A,C893/10/75 Marlow, George S. W. Marriott, Robert H. Marsden, Sir Ernest Marsh, J. Ts Marshak, Alfred Martin, Sir Charles Marwick, Thora Cuthbert (Mrs. K.C. Roberts) Maslem, E. Martin, A. N. a Mathieu, M. Matthews, John B. Medawar, Sir Peter Mellanby, Sir Edward Melland, Amicia M. Mellors, Robert C. Melnick, Joseph L. Mercer, E. H. ) G T ) e S on) h t 114 TUE ©. 1O2E. 185 my E C , e d ) t e S ) 0 e e e AG .116 ‘124 o4E) ott? 2 Wag Pe 3 .118 O o 119 e r .39, D.43 .120 aint A. G. OO; .152-E.154 wli2 54 43 Meyer, Karl Miles, F. D. 11] cb42 size Mitchell, |. Mitchell, G. t s r f r e i f F O o o Middlebrook, W. Mills, Gervase L. Miller, Harry M. Mitchell, Robert L. Miller, Michael D. Mitchell, Joseph Stanley Mommaerts, Wilfried F. Monaghan, Edward J. Morgan, Walter J. o O . o m f o m o m o S Moore ee ee Dan H. Morales, Manuel Moore, Harry Mongar, J. Ls Morey, D. Morgan, L. R. B. H. M. sane m 7 m e H W.T.A. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Morris, C. R. Mott, Sir Nevill (Francis) Moulton, George Burleigh Mudd, Stuart Murphy, Frank Nasini, A. Needham, Dorothy Needham, Joseph Neir, H. i Neish, William J. Neuberger, Albert Neurath, Hans Niblett, William Roy North British Rayon Limited Nowacki, W. Oldershaw, A. W. Oliver, Donald A. B.18 Doe psec l2d Fig Dyoo) 2455 Eitie iF <420 125 .124 .00 .40, 16 t o . e s n i a G . s O s t n o o e i t e i M Ommanney, F. D. Onions, W. Pacsu, Eugene Padoa, E. Ormondts, Van Parkin, Thomas Palmer, Kenneth J. Owen, Edwin Augustine Overend, William George R. Pautard, Frederick G. Patnaik, Brajabihari Paterson, Edith Parry, Gwen |. t t o h h G n e e t i m : e o c S . o P Patterson, A. Lindo Paterson, C. . Passey, R. D. Pauling, Linus e e n a n m n r o t m Orowan, E. Peacock, P. G.S:A.C. 33/1075 Peirce, F. Peiser, H. T; Ss Pennycuick, C. Pepinsky, Ray Pepper, K. W. Perry, S. Vv; Perutz, Max Ferdinand Peterkin, G. A. Grant Peters, Sir Rudolph (Albert) Petitpas, Th. Philip, J. CG; Phitlips, D. M. Phillips, Henry Philpot, D. Philpot, J. stil. Pickard, Sir Robert H. Picken, L. Es R. Pijper, Adrianus 47 E.21, E.130 D.39 E.131 F.3 E.136 E.137 E.138 E.131 RSMAS. ALIS E.139 D.3 D.51 E.22 13] 131 a 140 131 131 E.131 51 Pomerat, C. M. Pomerat, Gerard R. Ponder, Eric Pitelka, Dorothy R. Polanyi, Michael Polli, E. E, Porter, Rodney Robert Pirie, Norman Wingate Pitt-Rivers, Rosalind Venetia e, E144 D.35, D.48-D.49 F.15 Ramsey, Robert W. Ramachandran, G. Pringsheim, E. G. Preston, G. Priestley, J. Proskauer, E. Putzeys, P. Radley, J. A. Pratt, D. D. N, E.146 C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Randall, Sir John (Turton) Ranzi, Silvio Rawlins, F. Lk, G. Read, Thomas Talmage Reay, George Adam Reed, R. Reynolds, R. Richardson, E. G. Rideal, Sir Eric Riley, Dennis Rimington, Claude Ritchie, P. as Robb-Smith, A. Hi. Roberts, Arthur Loten Roberts, N. i. Robertson, John Monteath Robinow, C. 4H. Rook, A. oe 48 D.53, E.147 F.4, F.8, F.12 E.148 B.17 G.5-Gi7 E.145 E.82-E.91 D.48 E.149 E.150 A.15 E145 D.28, D.43, F.6 B.31 E.145 A.15, E.151 E.145 .152-E.154 .82-E.91 145 145 145 .82-E.91, G.4 145 E.155 A.15 E145 D.38 D.3] E.156 E.145 E.159, F.9 B.23, E.160 E.160 Roe, Edna M. Rogers, G. . Rogers, H. J. Rowe, F. M, Rogers, M. A. Rowlands, Stanley Rothschild, Lord Victor Rockefeller Foundation Rodd, E. D.30-D.31 Salisbury, Sir Edward (James) Russell, Frederick Stratten Saha, Narendra Nath Rudall, K. M. Saha, M. N. Sadron, Charles Ruck Keene, J. Ruskin, Simon Samuel, H. G.14 E457 E.161 Ast, ES/ E. C.S.A.C. 33/10/75 Sanderson, William Allendale Sanger, F. Savill, Agnes Saville, W. Saxl, Erwin J. Schmidt, Gerhard Schmidt, W. a Schmitt, Francis O. Schutz, F. Schwarz, Peter Schwarz, V. Sedgwick, W. G. Seifriz, William Sen, J. Sen, M, R. K. Senti, F. R. Sheperdson, A. Simon, Ernest D. Simons, Lewis Simpson, Esther Sisam, Kenneth Seville, R, = OH. Shimmin, A. N. Sheffield, F. M. L. Singleton, Leslie (Baron Simon of Wytheshawe) Shell Refining and Marketing Company Limited D.56 E.157 E.158 E.165, £.166 E.82-E.91 B.16 A.16 E.158 ew) E.167 D.32 E.168 B.31 D.56 E.169 D.53 E.158 E.158 D.54 Smith, Kenneth Manley Slater, Sir William Skinner, H. Ww. Sisson, Wayne A. Smith; a: eeky B. Smith, J. Smith, J. Slater, E. ot Smith, S. G. D. D, WiteeC, 5.4.6. 38/10/75 Smith, Stuart Spaul, Eric A. Speakman, J. B. Spearman, Richard Spence, David Spencer, C. Springall, H. Stacey, Maurice Stanley, W. M. Steer, A. Stern, Kurt Sternberg, J. Stevenson, Margaret F. Stewart, Matthew J. Stoner, Edmund Clifton Stopford, John Sebastian Bach (Baron Stopford of Fallowfield) y S 16 .170 .158 158 .53 .43, E.171 .53, E.172 .173 158 .3, F.10 .158 158 14 14, B.15, B.17 n i e a e G o S e m . m S n o m m . w W Svedberg, The. B. Je Vv. a Szent-Gydrgyi, Albert Taylor, Charles A. Store CG: Straub, F. Siduby tried: Taylor, C. Taylor, F. Synge, Richard Laurence Millington Sutherland, Gordon (Brims Black Mclvor) E.182-E.185 G.14 E.158 E.158 E.158 E.174 B.24 A.15 E.175 E.177 E.176 D.53 E.176 F.12 E.178, G.26 E.179 A.15, E.176 E.180 A.15, E.181 G.9 Todd, Alexander Robertus (Baron Todd of Trumpington) Tootal Broadhurst Lee Company Limited Thompson, Sir D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, Sir Harold (Warris) Taylor, Harriett Taylor, W. ak Taylor, F. Sherwood Tiselius, Arne Tompkins, Frederick Charles WTA; C)S. Ax. 33/10/75 Toy, Francis Carter Traill, David Trepka, E. Tristram, G. R. Troensegaard, N. Trueman, E. R. Truter, M. T8Go, 45 R. i Tunbridge, Sir Ronald (Ernest) Turner, A. a Twyman, F. Tyndall, Arthur Mannering Ubbelohde, Alfred Rene John Paul van Goor, H. Vickers, A. rid.oi Vickery, H. B. Virtanen, Artturi |. Walls, Ernest Warburg, Otto E.21 D.2, E.82-E.91 E.176 E.176 186 176 .187 .188 ae 176 BS .189 A.8 D.13 E.191 E.190 E.190 E.192 D.AI E.82-E.91 E.82-E.91 D.49 E.127 G.12 E.192 E.82-E.91 E.33-E.35 E.192 8.27, E.192 E.192 E.152-E.154 D.53 F.12 D.53, D.54, £.192 E.194 Wahl, A. Walker, E. Ee; Walker, Francis Waddington, C. H. Ward, D. Wardlaw, W. Wallis, R. G. Wansborough-Jones, Sir Owen (Haddon) EL rye Watson-Jones, K. Weaver, Warren Wasserman, Albert Watkins, Kathleen Weibull, Claes Weidinger, A. Weber, Gregorio Weber, Hans H. Webb, M. W TiA. Gi. AGC, 33/10/75 Weiler, G. Weir, J. Weiss, Henri Weissberger, A. Weissenberg, Karl West, J. Westenbrink, H. G. Wheeler, A. E. Whiddington, Richard Whinfield, J. R. White, Sir Frederick (William George) White, Michael J.D. Wichterie, O. Wildschut, A. J. Williams, E. Willams, J. rs Ww. E.tv2 E.82-E.91 E.195 Por E.196 re D.51-D.56 B.4-B.8 A.8, B.14, B.15, D.17 Bile F.13 E.193 itl S193 E.193 £197 Williams, Robley C. N. E.193 G.23 193 m 2 aS O C 7; P. M. Wood, F. Wood, G. C. kay Winter, R. 193 m 193 m Wilson, D. .81-E.91 . m M Wilsdon, B. .33-E.35 m Woodger, J. Wolf, Ing Kurt Wolken, Jerome J. Wilson, Sir Alan (Herries) Wyckoff, Ralph Walter Greystone Wormell, R. Wren, Bo Wool Textile Research Council D.55, E.200-E.201 Worden, Alastair N. Wrinch, Dorothy Ls - Wi -182-E.185 m Woodward, F. Wormall, A. Wright, E. Barlow 0 -40 46 0 .198 m 193 m 193 m r 193 m G.5-G.7 Galvin tee m E.193 Wil Aw. Cs Sea. C7 83710/75 Wynne-Jones, William Francis Kenrick Yorke, Allan Young, John Zwick,.Karl G.