SUTHERLAND, Gordon Brims Black Mcivor v2

Published: 20 November, 2023  Author: admin


G.B.B.M. Sutherland CSAC 89/7/82 The work of the Contemporary Scientific Archives Centre, and the production of this catalogue, are made possible by the support of the following societies and institutions: The Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland The Biochemical Society The British Pharmacological Society The Charles Babbage Foundation for the History of Information Processing The Institute of Physics — The Institution of Electrical Engineers The Nuffield Foundation The Physiological Society The Royal Society of London G.B.B.M, Sutherland CSAC 89/7/82 NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THE COLLECTION IS YET AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION. ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO: THE LIBRARIAN, UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, CAMBRIDGE. G.B.B.M. Sutherland CSAC 89/7/82 LIST OF CONTENTS GENERAL INTRODUCTION SECTION A BIO GRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL SECTION B EARLY INFRARED RESEARCH SECTION C THE NATIONAL PHYSICAL LABORATORY SECTION D COMMITTEES, SOCIETIES, ORGANISATIONS SECTION F SECTION G SECTION E EDUCATION AND SCIENCE POLICY SECTION H GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE VISITS AND CONFERENCES DRAFTS, LECTURES, PUBLICATIONS INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS G.B.B.M. Sutherland CSAC 89/7/82 GENERAL INTRODUCTION PROVENANCE The material was received from Lady Sutherland and from Professor N. Sheppard FRS who contributed some additional material, mainly correspondence received in con- nection with his Memoir of Sutherland for the Royal Society. SUMMARY OF THE CAREER OF SIR GORDON SUTHERLAND Gordon Brims Black Mclvor Sutherland was born in Caithness, Scotland, in 1907. He was educated at Morgan Academy, Dundee, and St. Andrews University from which he graduated with an M.A. in mathematics and B.Sc. in physics in 1929. The follow- ing two years were spent in Cambridge where he decided to abandon theoretical physics in favour of experimental work on infrared spectra, an interest which continued through out his research career. During his second year at Cambridge Sutherland met D.M. Dennison and this prompted him to apply for a Commonwealth Fund Fellowship to work under Dennison at Cambridge in autumn 1933. After obtaining his Ph.D. degree in 1934 Sutherland remained in Cambridge peroxide molecule, and then with various research students including G.K.T. Conn, M.M. Davies, E. Leeand C.K. Wu. During the Second World War he began by working first with W.G. Penney on the problem of the structure of the hydrogen the University of Michigan which was then the most advanced centre in the world for the study of infrared spectroscopy. He spent two years at Michigan, returning to Cambridge to develop the use of infrared spectroscopy in the analysis of 'enemy' fuels working for the Ministry of Supply on unexploded bombs but in 1941 he returned to The pressures of administrative Laboratory in succession to Sir Edward Bullard, where he remained until 1964 when he became Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. Physics where he built up a successful infrared research group with a strong emphasis on biophysical studies. In 1956 he was appointed as Director of the National Physical which his team undertook in collaboration with H.W. Thompson at Oxford. In 1949 Sutherland returned to the University of Michigan as Professor of G.B.B.M. Sutherland CSAC 89/7/82 work at the NPL allowed little time for Sutherland to pursue his personal research interests, but his position as head of a large government laboratory and then of a Cambridge College encouraged a growing interest in the wider issues of science policy and education on which he wrote, lectured and chaired committees throughout the 1960s. He died in 1980, three years after his retirement from Emmanuel . DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION The surviving papers provide some documentation for most aspects of Sutherland's career, apart from his two periods at the University of Michigan for which there is virtually nothing. For the 1930s there is extensive correspondence but no laboratory records, and the wartime period is enriched by a very full sequence of letters exchanged with H.W. Thompson, 1937 - 47. Section C contains some interesting papers relating to the NPL, and Section D, which documents Sutherland's involvement with various societies and organisations, has considerable material on the formation of the Inter- national Organisation for Pure and Applied Biophysics in which Sutherland played a major part. Section E contains correspondence on issues of science policy as well as in the form Bibliog ... . This refers to the list of publications included in the Memoir Sutherland's own drafts and reports. The correspondence in Section H dates mainly from Sutherland's period at the NPL, all earlier letters being in Section B. Some of Sutherland's ms. and typescript drafts are identified with a reference of Sutherland by N. Sheppard (Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 28, 1982). G.B.B.M. Sutherland CSAC 89/7/82 LOCATIONS OF FURTHER MATERIAL Specimens and correspondence relating to Sutherland's work on diamond are held at the Institute of Geological Sciences (Geological Museum), South Kensington, London. Material relating to Sutherland's service on two Cambridge University Committees (Joint Committee on Student Numbers and Committee of the General Board on Long-Term Development) has been deposited in the University Archives, Cambridge. A little personal material is held by Lady Sutherland. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are grateful to Lady Sutherland for making the papers available, and to Professor N. Sheppard FRS and Professor D.E. Blackwell for help and advice. G.B.B.M. Sutherland CSAC 89/7/82 SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL A.1 - A.53 A.l