SMITH, Cedric Austen Bardell v1

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Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Cedric Austen Bardell Smith (1917-2002) NCUACS catalogue no. 155/5/07 by Timothy E. Powell and Peter Harper C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Title: Compiled by: Timothy E. Powell and Peter Harper Description level: Fonds Date of material: [1934]-2003 Extent of material: 6 boxes, ca 175 items Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Cedric Austen Bardell Smith (1917-2002), geneticist and mathematician NCUACS catalogue no. 155/5/07 © 2007 National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, University of Bath. Special Collections, University College London Reference code: GB 0103 C.A.B. Smith Deposited in: C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists in the production of this catalogue is made possible by the support of the following societies and organisations: Biochemical Society Institute of Physics Royal Society Trinity College Cambridge Royal Society of Chemistry Wellcome Trust C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THIS COLLECTION MAY YET BE AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION. ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO: HEAD OF SPECIAL COLLECTIONS AND ARCHIVIST SPECIAL COLLECTIONS THE LIBRARY GOWER STREET UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON LONDON WC1E 6BT C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 LIST OF CONTENTS GENERAL INTRODUCTION SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL SECTION B PUBLICATIONS SECTION C TALKS AND LECTURES SECTION D BLANCHE DESCARTES SECTION E RESEARCH FRAGMENTS SECTION F CORRESPONDENCE INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 GENERAL INTRODUCTION PROVENANCE The archive was received for cataloguing from Professor Sue Povey, Haldane Professor of Human Genetics, University College London, in May 2007. OUTLINE OF THE CAREER OF CEDRIC AUSTEN BARDELL SMITH Cedric Austen Bardell Smith was born in Leicester on 5 February 1917. He was educated at Wyggeston Boys School and University College School London. In 1935, having failed his Higher School Certificate, he was awarded an exhibition to Trinity College Cambridge. He graduated in the Mathematical Tripos, with a First in Part Il and a Distinction in Part Ill. Following graduation Smith began postgraduate research, taking his Ph.D. in 1942. While a student at Cambridge, Smith became close friends with three other mathematics students at Trinity College, R.L. Brooks, A.H. Stone and W.T. Tutte. Together they tackled a number of problems in the mathematical field of ‘Combinatorics’ and devised an imaginary mathematician, ‘Blanche Descartes’, under which name to publish their work. The group devised the ‘squared square’, a Publications under the name of ‘Blanche Descartes’ or ‘F. de Carteblanche’ continued to appear into electric networks’, Discrete Math. vol 100 (1992). Porter at Addenbrooke’s Hospital in Cambridge. Smith’s pacifist views saw him develop an interest in peace studies. Among other responsibilities for the Society of Friends, he was a member of the During the Second World War, as a Quaker, Smith joined the Friends Relief Service. He worked as a square that is divided into a number of smaller squares, no two of which are the same size. being R.L. Brooks, C.A.B. Smith, A.H. Stone and W.T. Tutte, ‘Determinants and current flows in Quaker Peace Studies Trust which established the chair of Peace Studies at the University of the 1980s. The group also published more mainstream articles under their own names, the final one was able to bring his skills as a statistician to bear. appointment as Weldon Professor of Biometrics in 1964. On his arrival at UCL Smith was influenced by J.B.S. Haldane, who introduced him to problems of linkage in human genetics in which field he Bradford. Smith was also a founder member (and Chairman) of the Conflict Research Society. In 1946 he was appointed Assistant Lecturer at the Galton Laboratory at University College London He remained at UCL for the rest of his career, becoming successively Lecturer and Reader, before C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 At the Galton Smith was to make many significant contributions to genetics. They were set out by N.E. Morton in his obituary in the International Statistical Institute Newsletter (volume 26, no. 2, 2002) as follows: ‘Among Smith's achievements is the most powerful test for mimic loci, which produce what appears to be the same disease but are located in different chromosome regions and act in different ways. With James Renwick he pioneered sex-specific analysis based on the observation that chromosomes recombine at different points in male and female meiosis. Smith's 1953 paper introduced autozygosity mapping based on co-inheritance of a rare disease gene and close markers in relatives. The method lay fallow for thirty years, waiting for the molecular markers that have made it invaluable. Smith's work was especially influential in the United States, which at the time he joined the Galton Laboratory had begun to develop the computers of which Charles Babbage had dreamed a century earlier. This stimulated applications that were unthinkable to Smith's predecessors in Britain, who dominated statistical genetics in the pre-computer era. Smith generously attributed the successes of the early computer period to his American competitors, who less characteristically gave him precedence. The truth is that the two currents were so intermixed and the rivalry so friendly as to baffle a historian of science. Smith's best ideas were incorporated into genetic mapping whereby hundreds of disease genes were localised as a necessary first step to tool for clinical genetics and the impetus for the Human Genome Project. family data, kinship, population structure, assortative mating, genetic correlation, and estimation methods requiring an information matrix. This principle was presented at the Royal Statistical mathematicians. With Ceppellini and Siniscalco he introduced the method of gene counting in 1955. It gives maximum likelihood estimates that converge more slowly but more reliably than Although these contributions are best known, they are only a part of Smith's scholarship. He contributed to many of the classical topics in statistical genetics, including segregation ratios in Society in 1976 by Dempster and others as the EM algorithm. Characteristically Smith contributed to the discussion without mentioning that he had priority of more than 20 years. The method is of gene frequencies. The latter had wide application, but Smith's role has not been recognised by sequencing, characterisation, and attempts to ameliorate their effects. This has been a precious 1971-1972, and the International Statistical Institute. He died in 2002. Smith was elected a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society in 1945. He was a member of the Genetical Society (serving as Treasurer), the Biometric Society (British Region), serving as President now used to advantage for many missing-data problems in which some of the observations are mixtures of discrete probabilities’. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION The surviving archival record is scanty both in terms of extent and coverage. There is little documentation of Smith’s genetics research (apart from published papers), correspondence with colleagues, membership of professional societies, attendance at conferences etc. It is somewhat fuller in its coverage of mathematical work, although even here it is weighted towards his less mainstream interests. Section A, Biographical, includes obituaries and tributes. There is a copy of Smith’s inaugural lecture as Weldon Professor, Life, Form, and Number. The largest component of this section is concerned with Smith’s interests in peace studies, including his articles on the subject published in The Friend. Section B, Publications, is the largest in the archive and makes up over half of the material. It includes a good, though not comprehensive, record of Smith’s publications, nearly entirely in the form of offprints from 1934 to a posthumous paper published in 2003. There are a number of book reviews and the draft of an unpublished book on genetics. The section also presents a full record of Smith’s co-editorship of Colson News, a small circulation journal devoted to reverse (or two-way) numbers, including editorial board meetings, correspondence and the master copies of all the issues. Section C, Talks and lectures, is chiefly sets of transparencies to illustrate presentations. Most of these sets are undated, with no indication of occasion, audience or place of lecture. Furthermore astrology, linguistics and place-names alongside others on genetics and statistical analysis. the Mathematical Gazette (2003) is presented at A.5. Section E, Research fragments, is slight. Virtually nothing of Smith’s research as a geneticist and Descartes' and 'F. de Carteblanche', from 'The coloured cubes problem’, Eureka 9 (1947) to two clerihews appearing in Eureka 46 (January 1986). An account of 'The story of Blanche Descartes' in Statistician remains and this section presents the three random survivals found in the Galton many of the sets appear highly miscellaneous in content, and may include transparencies on Section D, Blanche Descartes, documents some of the output of the mathematician(s) 'Blanche There is also an index of correspondents. Laboratory. The two main components relate to computer calculations related to statistical studies by Section F, Correspondence, is very small. It presents a few letters 1966-1993 in chronological order. M. Gauquelin on astrology, and to the analysis of language. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are grateful to Professor Sue Povey for making the material available. T.E. Powell Bath 2007 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL, A.1-A.19 1966-2003 A.1-A.6 OBITUARIES AND TRIBUTES A.7-A.10 AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL A.11-A.19 QUAKER INTERESTS OBITUARIES AND TRIBUTES 2002-2003 ‘Cedric Smith 1917-2002’ Photocopy compilation Smith. of biographical information on Includes email from W.T. Tutte; copies of key articles: obituary from the Royal Statistical Society (by A.W.F. Edwards, see A.3); and bibliography. Smith to Linkage of CAB ‘View from the lab: a mastermind for a number of reasons’ by Professor S. Jones (Daily Telegraph 23 January 2002). This was compiled for the ‘Day Conference Devoted to the Contributions Analysis’, University College London, 6 April 2003 (see A.6). Photocopy. ‘Professor Cedric B. Smith, Pioneer in Statistical Genetics: Died January 10, 2002, at the age of 84’ by N.E. Morton, Genetic Epidemiology vol 22 (2002); 'Professor C.A.B. Smith, 1917-2002’, by A.W.F. Edwards, The Statistician vol 51 (2002); ‘Cedric Smith (1917-2002)’ by N.E. Morton, International Statistical Institute Newsletter vol 26 (2002). ‘Cedric Smith - Mathematical Gazette vol 87 (March 2003) a mathematical castaway’ by T. Crilly, Print-out. Print-outs. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Biographical, A.1-A.19 ‘The story of Blanche Descartes’ by C.A.B. Smith and S. Abbot, Mathematical Gazette vol 87 (March 2003) Photocopy. See section D. ‘Day Conference Devoted to the Contributions of CAB Smith to Linkage Analysis’ organised by J.H. Edwards and S. Povey, University College London, 6 April 2003 Programme. AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL 1966-1994 ‘Life, Form, and Number’, Inaugural Lecture as Weldon Professor London, delivered 17 May 1965 University Biometry, College of in Graph Photocopy. Bound copy. Theory and Related ‘Early Reminiscences’, Topics, ed. J.A. Bondy and U.S.R. Murty, Academic Press 1979 ‘Memories of Haldane and other founders of mathematical genetics’, contribution to Biometric Society (British Region) and Galton Laboratory joint Haldane Centenary Meeting, University College London, 6 November 1992 The bulk of the letter is anecdotes and curious reports from the press for the past year. New Year 1995 and Christmas 1994 circular letter C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Biographical, A.1-A.19 A.11-A.19 QUAKER INTERESTS 1972-1993 Smith was a lifelong Quaker. A.11-A.18 Peace Studies 1972-1993 He was a member of Smith was particularly interested in the subject of Peace Friends Peace Studies. Committee, (which established the chair of Peace Studies at the University of Bradford) and a founder member (and chairman) of the Conflict Research Society. the Quaker Peace Studies Trust the Articles Friend on peace studies by Smith published in The 1972, 1978 ‘Peace Studies - Progress in Peace Research’, 3 February 1978. 2: Why?’ by Smith, 14 April 1972; including drafts of promotional 1985-1993 1992-1993 Papers for meetings. Conflict Research Society Quaker Peace Studies Trust Correspondence and papers. Nobel Peace Prize nomination Miscellaneous papers, material. 1983, 1987 ‘Three Mile Island factor that ridicules East-West politics’, letter by Smith in The Guardian, 12 May 1983; ‘War by Mistake?’ by Smith, The Friend, 29 May 1987 Quaker Peace & Service asked for suggestions for their nomination for the 1992 Peace Prize. ‘Nuclear’: contents of folder so inscribed divided into two for ease of reference A.15, A.16 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Biographical, A.1-A.19 Newspaper cuttings re nuclear war etc Correspondence 1990-1992 Miscellaneous papers introduction Includes Society ‘Conference on New Approaches to Arms Reduction’; English, French and Russian language versions of ‘Multi- lateral nuclear disarmament: a new approach’ by S. Salter. Resolution to Conflict Other Articles by Smith in The Friend: ‘Spiceland Reunion’, 13 June 1980; Commentary, 11 December 1987; ‘Kenneth Boulding (1910-1993)’, 21 May 1993. 1980, 1987, 1993 Typescript draft of advertisement for Quaker meeting at Rectory Lane, Edgware, London. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 SECTION B PUBLICATIONS, B.1-B.95 [1934]-2003 B.1 BIBLIOGRAPHY B.2-B.63 PUBLICATIONS AND DRAFTS B.64-B.95 COLSON NEWS BIBLIOGRAPHY Lists of publications and related correspondence. PUBLICATIONS AND DRAFTS [1934]-2003, n.d. 1930s 1940, 1941 At B.48-B.63 is draft ‘Negatrons’, magazine), July 1934, 305-306. The Gower (University ‘Note on the Gamma Function’, Mathematical Gazette 23 (1939), 479. Chiefly photocopies and offprints of published papers on genetics and mathematics. of unpublished book on genetics. Some of Smith’s articles on peace research and other subjects are presented in section A. Tutte), Amer. Math. Monthly 48 (1941), 233-237. The dissection (with Brooks, A.H. Stone and W.T. Tutte), Duke Math. (1940), 312-340. of rectangles into squares’, a network of degree 4’, (with W.T. ‘On unicursal paths in College School R.L. J. 7 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 1944 ‘Linear (with Mathematical Gazette 28 (1944), 22-25. equations integers’, in V.E. Gumbrill), the ‘On Gazette 28 (1944) 41-45. definitions of elliptic functions’, Mathematical 1947 ‘Some examples of discrimination’, Annals Eugen. Lond. 13 (1947) 272-282. ‘Note on the mathematical treatment’, in ‘The incidence of placenta praevia and antepartum haemorrhage according to maternal age and parity’ by H. Kalmus, Annals Eugen. Lond. 13 (1947), 289-290. ‘The counterfeit coin problem’, Mathematical Gazette 31 (1947), 31-39. ‘On the definition of logarithms’, Mathematical Gazette 31 (1947), 246-247. (with J.B.S. 1948 1949 in bees’, (with H. Kalmus) J. ‘Production of pure lines Genet. 49 (1948), 153-158. ‘A simple exact test for birth-order effect’, Haldane), Annals Eugen. Lond. 14 (1948), 117-124. ‘A simple perfect square’, (with R.L. Brooks, A.H. Stone and W.T. Tutte), Proc. Ned. Akad. Wet. 50 (1947), 3-4. ‘The construction of Youden Squares’, (with H.O. Hartley) J. Roy. Statist. Soc. B 10 (1948), 262-263. 131-135. ‘The sib sib age of onset correlation among individuals suffering from a hereditary syndrome produced by more than one gene’, (with H. Harris), Annals Eugen. Lond. 14 (1949), 309-318. ‘On the distances between the elements of a subset of a group’, (with H. Kestelman) J. Lond. Math. Soc. 24 (1949), C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 1950 ‘Fitness and survival’, Eugenics Review 42 (1950), 16-23. ‘A class of self dual maps’, (with W.T. Tutte), Canad. J. Math. 2 (1950), 179-196. 1951-1952 ‘A test for heterogeneity of proportions’, Annals Eugen. Lond. 16 (1951), 16-25; and ‘A simplified heterogeneity test’, Annals Eugen. Lond. 17 (1952), 35-36. on the ‘Note intraclass correlation’, (with E.C. Fieller), Annals Eugen. Lond. 16 (1951), 97-104. variance analysis and _ of 1953-1954 ‘The detection of linkage in human genetics’, Statist. Soc. B 15 (1953), 153-192. J. Roy. (with M. Siniscalco) ‘The separation of the sexes of parents in the detection of linkage in man’, Annals Eugen. Lond. 18 (1954), 278-301. ‘The separation of recombinations in the male and female in the detection of linkage in man’, Atti del IX Congresso Internazionale di Genetica (1954), 927; and ‘A comparison of the results of various methods of detecting human linkage, applied to microcythaemia (thalassaemia minor) and different blood groups’, Atti de/ IX Congresso Internazionale di Genetica (1954), 1190- 1192. a random mating ‘The statistical comparison of two groups of animals with regard to a character which may affect either or both sides’, J. Genet. 53 (1955), 534-535. ‘The estimation of gene frequencies in Genetica: ‘Funzioni discriminanti e loro applicazioni alla biometria’, Convegno dell’ Associazione Genetica Italiana (1955), 1-4; and ‘Il calcolo delle R. Ceppellini and M. Siniscalco), Atti della | Riunione dell’ Associazione Genetica Italiana (1955), 3-9. frequenze Riunione familiar’ geniche 1955 della dai dati Atti | di (with C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 population’, (with R. Ceppellini and M. Siniscalco), Annals of Human Genetics 20 (1955), 97-115. discrimination and ‘The microcythaemics M. Siniscalco), Comptes Rendus du Ve Congres International de Transfusion Sanguine (1955), 483-490. between statistical problem’, normals (with as a 1956 ‘A test for segregation ratios in family data’, Annals of Human Genetics 20 (1956), 257-265. ‘Note on the estimation of linkage’, in ‘Colour-Blindness and the Duchenne-type muscular dystrophy’ by U. Philip and J.N. Walton, Annals of Human Genetics 21 (1956), 156-158. ‘The G-values of various games’, (with R.K. Guy) Proc. 52 (1956), 514-526; and ‘Disjunctive Camb. Phil. games with the last player losing’, (with P.M. Grundy), Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 52 (1956), 527-533. Soc. 1957 statistics’, Annals of ‘Counting Human Genetics 21 (1957), 254-276. methods in genetical ‘On the estimation of intraclass correlation’, Annals of Human Genetics 21 (1957), 363-373. ‘Relazione fra forma di sferoide’, Convegno di Genetica: Atti della Riunione dell’ Associazione Genetica Italiana (1957), 3-7. i valori reali e quelli osservati di cellule a III 213. ‘The sex ratio of mutation rates of sex linked recessive genes in man, with particular reference to Duchenne type S.J. muscular Kilpatrick of Human Genetics 22 (1958), 235-243: and ‘Estimates of the sex- ratio in sex-linked conditions by the method of maximum likelihood’, Kilpatrick), Annals of Human Genetics 22 (1958), 244-249. ‘Homogeneity test for linkage data’, Proceedings of 2nd International Congress of Human Genetics, (1958), 212- E.A. Stevenson), dystrophy’, and A.C. of mutation rates Cheeseman, 1958 (with Annals (with S.J. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 1959 ‘A note on the effects of methods of ascertainment on segregation ratios’, Annals of Human Genetics 23 (1959), 311-323, with 1p typescript corrections. inequality ‘An (with Mulholland) Amer. Math. Month. 66 (1959), 673-683. genetical theory’, arising in H.P. ‘Some comments on in linkage investigations’, Amer. J. Human Genet. 11 (1959), 289-304. statistical methods used the 1960 ‘Evolutionary origin of sexual differentiation and the sex ratio’, (with H. Kalmus) Nature 186 (1960), 1004-1006 1961, 1966 Soc. 1-37; and B 23 (1961), 1962 ‘Methodology in human genetics’, Amer. J. Human Genet. 13 (1961), 128-136. ‘Estimation of linkage using Tweedie’s method’, (with C.C. Li), Excerpta Medica, Internat. Cong. series No. 32 (1961) E, 146-147’. ‘Consistency in statistical inference and decision’, J. Roy. Statist. ‘Correction: Consistency in statistical inference and decision’, J. Roy. Statist. Soc. B 28 (1966), 252. 175-182. ‘Non-random distribution of certain homologous pairs of normal human chromosomes in metaphase’, (with L.J. Schneiderman), Nature 195 (1962), 1229-1230. ‘Testing for heterogeneity of recombination fraction values in human genetics’, Annals of Human Genetics 27 (1963), ‘An extension of a theorem of Kénig on Graphs’, (with J.W. Archbold), Mathematika 9 (1962), 9-10. 1963-1964 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 the discussion of Hajnal’s paper on Contribution to ‘Concepts of the consanguineous marriages’, Proc. Roy. Soc. B 159 (1963) 176-177. of random frequency J. and mating ‘Linkage in blood group genetics’, Proc. Soc. Blood Transf., Stockholm (1964) 263-267. 10th Congr. Int. 1965 ‘Personal Statist. Soc. A 128 (1965), 469-494. probability statistical and analysis’, J. Roy. ‘Obituary: Professor J.B.S. Haldane’, AScW Journal 11 (March 1965), 3-4. 1966 (1) on the note estimation by ‘A maximum likelihood in systems similar to Rhesus’, (with C. Cannings), Annals of Human Genetics 29 (1966), 277- 279. frequencies of gene of the 1966 (2) on P.A.P. relatives (with ‘Graphs and Composite Games’, J. Combin. Theory 1 (1966), 51-58. ‘A search for genetic effects of high natural radioactivity in South India’, (with H. Gruneberg et al), Medical Research Council Special Report no. 307 (1966). ‘Commentary on R.A. Fisher's paper on The correlation between Mendelian Moran), Eugenics Laboratory inheritance’, Memoirs, Galton Laboratory, London 41 (1966). MS. ‘Which graphs have only self converse orientation?’, (with F. Harary and E. Palmer), Canad. Math. Bull. 10 (1967), 425-429. ‘Notes on gene frequency estimation with multiple alleles’, Annals of Human Genetics 31 (1967), 99-107. supposition Kumar, paper ‘Note 1967 R.A. Pai and on by S. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 Swaminathan (on consanguineous marriages and genetic load due to Human Genetics 31 (1967), 146-147. the lethal genes in Kerala)’, Annals of 1968 ‘Linkage scores and corrections in simple two and three generation 32 (1968), 127-150. of Human Genetics families’, Annals ‘Mathematics and evolution’, Eureka 31 (October 1968), 5-7. ‘Compound games with counters’, J. Rec. Math. 1 (1968) 67-77. 1969 ‘Local fluctuations in gene frequencies’, Annals of Human Genetics 32 (1969), 251-260. families’, Annals (with ‘Vermes Pal élete 6s munkassaga’, Matematikai Lapok 20 (1969), 235-239. ‘Further linkage scores and corrections in two and three generation 33 (1969), 207-223. of Human Genetics ‘The linkage relations of the loci for benign (Becker type) X borne muscular dystrophy, colour blindness and the Xg blood locus’, (with A.E.H. Emery and R. Sanger), Annals of Human Genetics 32 (1969), 261-264. (1971), 197-200. ‘Relative influence of genes and micro environment on human chromosome length’, F. Giannelli and B. Herreros), Annals of Human Genetics 33 (1970), 337-342. ‘A note on testing the Hardy Weinberg Law’, Annals of Human Genetics 33 (1970), 377-383. ‘Gonadal growth in chick embryos’, (with U. Mittwoch, T.L. Narayanan and J.D.A. Delhanty), Nature New Biology 231 1970 1971 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 ‘Simple game theory and its applications’, Bulletin Inst. Math. Appl. 7 (1971) 352-357. ‘Map colourings and linear mappings’, in Combinatorial Mathematics and Its Applications. D.J.A. Welsh. Academic Press, London, 1971. Ed. 1972 ‘Note on the estimation of parental age effects’, Annals of Human Genetics 35 (1972), 337-342. ‘Programming the human computer’, Math. in School 1 (1972), 8-9. ‘Fishers Malthusian parameter and reproductive value’, (with G.R. Price), Annals of Human Genetics 36 (1972), 1- Ts ‘Electric currents in regular matroids’, in Combinatorics, DJ.A. Eds. of Mathematics Southend-on-Sea, 1972. Woodall. _ Institute Welsh and Applications, D.R. and its 1973 1974 law and inbreeding’, (with J. Part Two’, Math. in ‘Programming the Human Computer. School 2 (1973), 20-21. Hardy Weinberg ‘The Morissette), Adv. Appl. Prob. 6 (Mar 1974), 15-17. ‘The teacher who didn’t Playfair, Mathematical Gazette 58 (1974), ‘57. J. Roy. ‘Measures in populations’, Annals of Human Genetics 37 (1974), 377- 391. ‘Comments on Fisher’s theory of assortative mating’, (with A. Vetta), Annals of Human Genetics 38 (1974), 243-248. ‘Looking-glass numbers’, J. Rec. Math. 7 (1974), 299-305. Comments on Tversky’s and Suppes’s papers. ‘Patroids’, J. Combin. Theory 16 (1974), 64-76. homozygosity inbreeding of and_ C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 Comments on Tversky’s and Suppes’s papers. Statist. Soc. (1974). J. Roy. 1975 ‘Leaky electricity and triangulated triangles’, Brooks, A.H. Stone and W.T. Tutte), Reports 30 (1975), 205-219. (with R.L. Philips Research ‘Prime factors and recurring duodecimals’, Mathematical Gazette 59 (1975), 106-109. ‘A non parametric test a quantitative character’, Annals of Human Genetics 38 (1975), 451- 460. for linkage with ‘Discriminant functions and 21 trisomy mosacism’, (with D. Loesch), Annals of Human Genetics 39 (1975), 127-140. ‘Assortative mating’, (with A. Vetta), Adv. Appl. Prob. 7 (1975), 21-23. 1976 1977 use of matrices in calculating ‘Matrix calculations of genetic probabilities’, Adv. Appl. Prob. 8 (1976), 641-643. ‘The peak of the likelihood curve in linkage testing’, (with E. Sturt), Annals of Human Genetics 39 (1976), 423-426. "The relationship between chromatid interference and the mapping function’, (with E. Sturt) Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 17 (1976), 212-220. ‘The Mendelian probabilities’, Annals of Human Genetics 40 (1976), 37- 54. 36 (1977), 71-85. ‘A note on genetic distance’, Annals of Human Genetics 40 (1977), 463-479. ‘The analogy between decision and inference’, Synthese C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 1978 ‘Hardy’, New Scientist 80 (26 October 1978), 301. ‘On Tutte’s dichromate polynomial’, Annals Discrete Math. 3 (1978), 247-257. ‘Simple projections’, Mathematical Gazette 62 (1978), 19- 25: osservazioni Fondamenti ‘Alcune dell’Inferenza_ a Firenze nei giorni 28-30 aprile 1977. Firenze, 1978, 209- 215: del Convegno tenuto sull’inferenza’, Statistica, Atti / ‘Comments on distance’, Annals of Human Genetics 41 (1978), 505. Lis paper on measuring genetic C.C. ‘Data presentation’, Roy. Statist. Soc. News and Notes 4 (1978), 6. 1979 1980 genetic Annals formulas for detecting linkage with correlations’, ‘Searching for heterozygotes in quantitative characters’, Adv. Appl. Prob. 11 (1974), 8-9. ‘Estimating Genetics 43 (1980), 265-284. ‘Note on the forms of dermatoglyphic patterns’, in Birth Defects: Original Article Series, 15 (1979), 43-52. a ‘Simplified quantitative character’, (with A. Bener and D. Loesch), Annals of Human Genetics 43 (1980), 249-254. 105. ‘Estimating the frequencies of origins of trisomics’, Adv. Appl. Prob. 12 (1980), 9-10. ‘A quadratic mapping with an invariant cubic curve’, (with R. Penrose), Math. Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 89 (1981), 89- ‘Further Annals of Human Genetics 44 (1980), 95-105. genetic correlations’, of Human remarks on estimating 1981-1982 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 ‘Correlations and regressions in “family” data’, Adv. Appl. Prob. 19A (1982), 45-57. ‘Discussion Statistical Review 50 (1982), 21-23. paper D.V. by of Lindley’, International ‘Iteration near a fixed point’, in Perspectives in Probability and Statistics, Ed. J. Gani (1982), 157-193. ‘Easy numbers’, New Scientist, 5 August 1982, 387. 1983 ‘Galton, genetics, statistics in’, Encycl. Stat. Sci., vol 3, 1983. ‘Haldane-Smith Francis’, test’ and ‘Human ‘Heterogeneity estimation’, — in Contributions to Statistics: Essays in Honour of Norman L. Johnson. Ed. P.K. Sen. North-Holland, 1983. linkage’ human_ in Foreword to Quantitative Dermatoglyphics by D.Z. Lorsch, 1983. 1986 1987 ‘The development of human linkage analysis’, Annals of Human Genetics 50 (1986), 293-311. ‘Chi squared tests with small numbers’, Annals of Human Genetics 50 (1986) 163-167. ‘Genetic heterogeneity of X linked mental retardation with fragile X’, (with A.H. Morris, C. Garrett, M. Daner and C. Thurston), Annals of Human Genetics 51 (1987), 107-124. ‘Flash in the pan’, New Scientist, 3 March 1988. ‘Level of probability in antibody identification’, Tippett), typescript draft. ‘Personal reminiscences of Dr S. 11 (1987), 283-286. B. Holt’, Coll. Anthropol. Transfusion P. 2pp Includes (1988), 1988 28 85. (with C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 ‘Estimation of inbreeding from population samples’, (with R. Thomson), Adv. Appl. Prob. (1988), 127-135. 1989 ‘Some simple methods for linkage analysis’, Annals of Human Genetics 53 (1989), 277-283. ‘Genetics since Mendel’, Social Inventions 16 (1989), 13- 14. ‘Obituary: Pat Moran, 1917-1988’, J. Roy. Statist. Soc. A 152 (1989), 419. ‘New 3-set Venn diagram’, (with A.W.F. Edwards), Nature 339 (1989), 263. ‘Hans Kalmus’, UCL Bulletin (June 1989), 22. 1990, 1992 ‘Self-interest and profit are glorified’, Stanmore Observer 18 January1990. ‘Customers and coaches’, Modern Railways 47 (1990), 366. ‘Probabilities of orders in linkage calculations’, Annals of Human Genetics 54 (1990), 339-363. ‘Determinants and current flows in electric networks’, (with R.L. Brooks, A.H. Stone and W.T. Tutte), Discrete Math. 100 (1992), 291-301. ‘Estimating multipoint recombination fractions’, (with D.A. Foreword to Collected Papers of Louis Fry Richardson, Volume 2: Quantitative Psychology and the Study of Conflict. ‘Simultaneous symmetric equations’ (with A.H. James Cook Mathematical Notes 62 (1994), 6278. typescript with annotations at top. Stone), 1p Ed. O.A. Ashford, et al. CUP, 1993. 1993, 1994 1994, 1995 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 Stephens) Annals of Human Genetics 59 (1995), 307 321. Two different proofs. Erdés ‘Did Mathematics of Paul Erdés. Ed. J. Nesetril, 1996 civilization?’, Western save in The 2003 ‘The number of ways of grading examination candidates’, (with W.T. Tutte), Mathematical Gazette 87 (2003), 34-35. Published posthumously. Book reviews [1949]-1987 Smith wrote many reviews of books on mathematical, genetical and general scientific subjects. Integration in Finite Terms by J. (January 1949), 141. F. Ritt. Science Progress Bliss and D.W. Outline of Biometry & Statistics by C.l. Calhoun. Annals of Human Genetics (1954). Theorie des Graphes et ses Applications by C. Berge. Annals of Human Genetics (1958). String Figures and Other Monographs by W. W. R. Ball, J. Petersen, H. S. Carslaw and F. Cajori. Annals of Human Genetics (1960). Russian-English Biological and Medical Dictionary by Eugene A. Carpovich. Annals of Human Genetics 23 (1959). Space, Time and Life by V.V. Nalimov. ca 1985 The Mathematical Theory of the Dynamics of Biological Populations, ed. M. S. Bartlett and R. W. Hiorns. Annals of Human Genetics (1973). The Analysis of Biological Populations by M. Williamson. British Book News (July 1972). Mathematical Biophysics by N. Rashevsky, Mathematical Gazette 46 (1962). Statistical Ecology, vols. Population Studies (1974). 2 and 3, ed. G.P. Patil et al. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 On Competition by C.T. de Wit. (1987). Genet. Res. Camb. 50 B.48-B.63 Draft of unidentified book on genetics Typescript draft chapters found in folders. ‘Chapter 1’ Begins ‘1.2 Species and populations’. 1/19. Paginated 1/4- ‘Chapter 2’ Begins ‘2.1 Sexual reproduction’. Paginated 2/1-2/50. ‘Chapter 3’ Begins ‘3 Population frequencies’. Paginated 3/1-3/22. ‘Chapter 4’ 3 folders. 3 folders. Paginated B.52-B.54 ‘Chapter 5’ of genetic probabilities’. Calculation Begins Paginated 4/1-4/42. ‘4.1 Begins ‘5. Estimation problems in genetics’. 5/1-5/129. ‘Chapter 7’ Begins ‘Genetic linkage in human mendelian characters’. Paginated 6/1-6/86. B.55-B.57 ‘Chapter 6’ C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 Begins ‘Segregation tests and ascertainment problems’. Paginated [7/1]-7/60. B.59-B.62 ‘Chapter 8’ Begins ‘Relationships and inbreeding’. 8/166. Paginated 8/1- 4 folders. ‘Artist's copies of diagrams’ B.64-B.95 COLSON NEWS 1967-1990 Colson News was a small circulation journal founded by Smith, Ellis Hillman and Alvin Paul in 1984. It took its name from the mathematician John Colson FRS (1680- 1760), who discovered reverse numbers in 1726. Smith’s house, address was had made the initial suggestion for starting reverse numbers from the 1960s when he his book Biomathematics. other unusual types The journal was devoted to properties of reverse (or two- of numbers, way) numbers and number notation and related topics. It ran to 16 issues between 1984 and 1990. Paul resigned in 1987 and Malcolm Smithers joining for the third volume (leaving in 1990). the Paul journal but Smith was the leading light. He had an interest had in The advocated their use in journal’s subscription cheques were paid to him, the typing was done on Smith’s typewriter and most of the more mathematical items were by Smith. 1985-1986 Information reproduction of his image for the journal Editorial Board correspondence re about John Colson; B.64-B.70 1982-1989 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 Correspondence with fellow editors 1982-1986 B.66, B.67 Minutes of editorial board meetings 1983-1986 2 folders. Correspondence with Charity Commission 1983-1985 B.69, B.70 Subscriptions 1984-1989 2 folders. B.71-B.76 Correspondence 1967-1989 Correspondence Includes some contributions to the journal. subscribers with and_ contributors. A.-C. 1984-1989 1985-1986 In alphabetical order. Includes earlier correspondence. 1984-1989 Includes earlier correspondence. 1967-1985 letters found with Colson News letter found 1975-1989 with Colson News G.-J. L.-O. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 Manuscript notes on correspondence received after first issues B.77-B.95 Issues of Colson News 1984-1990 Volume 1, number 1, January (New Year’s Day) 1984 Master copy; solution to puzzle. Volume 1, number 2, April 1984 Master copy. Volume 1, number 3, July 1984 Master copy; published copy; manuscript draft puzzle. Volume 1, number 4, December 1984 Master copy. Master copy. Volume 2, number 2, June 1985 Master copy. Volume 2, number 1, March 1985 Master copy; manuscript drafts of ‘Review of a "Dictionary of the Holy Bible..." by Samuel D’Oyley...and John Colson’ Volume 2, number 3, June 1985 Master copy. Volume 2, number 4, December 1985 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 and the ‘Sheep-counting Song’. Volume 3, number 1, April 1986 Master copy. Volume 3, number 2, August 1986 Master copy; manuscript notes. Volume 3, number 3, April 1987 Master copy; earlier pages; computer print-out. Volume 3, number 3, April 1988 Master copy. Volume 4, number 1, September 1988 Master copy; published copy. 2 folders. B.90, B.91 Volume 4, number 2, July 1989 Master copy; published copy; drafts of articles on Lewis Carroll. Master copy. This issue was a Lewis Carroll special. Volume 4, number 3, August 1989 Master copy; published copy. Volume 4, number 4, October 1990 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Publications, B.1-B.95 This number announced the resignation of M. Smithers from the editorial board but it was not envisaged at the time that this would be the last issue. Copies of contributions by Smith (some in collaboration) 2 folders. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 SECTION C TALKS AND LECTURES, C.1-C.25 1986-1994, n.d. is of this material the contents of Smith’s The bulk envelopes and folders of transparencies. Most of these sets are undated with no indication of occasion, audience or place of lecture. Furthermore many of the sets appear highly include transparencies featuring astrology, linguistics and place- names statistical analysis. miscellaneous alongside content, genetics others may _ and and _ on in ‘Mathematics and statistics in biology’ folder: programme for Contents of Society for History of Mathematics Conference, Pembroke College Oxford, 12-14 September 1986; 4pp manuscript notes for lecture; notes of slides; transparencies. British Lecture on modified geometric distribution of progeny ca 1988 Transparencies; 1987, to which the lecture refers; manuscript notes. Sewall from card Wright, December 2 folders. University College London Notice; transparencies; notes. ‘This mysterious universe’, Science Society, 3 November 1992 Contents of envelope: transparencies for mathematical lecture, possibly on the construction of a perfect squared square post 1990 Contents Astrological Association Kepler Research Day, London, 12 November 1994; on ‘combinatorialists’ Smith includes an open session. the programme transparencies programme lecturer but envelope: possibly lecture, listed not for for as of is a C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Talks and lectures, C.1-C.25 ‘Proposal of vote of thanks to Dr Alun Thomas on this paper on “Gene hunting with gradients of likelihood” ’ 2pp typescript. ‘Seconding of the vote of thanks to Peter Walley’ 2pp typescript. ‘Loesch data key’. Contents of folder so inscribed divided into three for ease of reference. 33pp typescript on human genetics Manuscript notes Transparencies Transparencies. Transparencies. ‘Correlations’. Contents of folder so inscribed Transparencies. Contents of folder so ‘Contractions Colourings + Nets’. inscribed Transparencies. ‘Voting’. Contents of folder so inscribed. ‘Variance of variance’. Contents of folder so inscribed C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Talks and lectures, C.1-C.25 ‘X2 etc’. Contents of folder so inscribed. Transparencies. C.17-C.19 ‘Two way no.’. Contents of folder so inscribed divided into three for ease of reference Transparencies etc. C.20-C.22 Contents of folder so inscribed divided ‘Transparencies’. into three for ease of reference. Appear to be for talk/s on genetics. Contents of untitled envelope. Transparencies. C.24, C.25 Contents of untitled envelope divided into two for ease of reference. Transparencies. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 SECTION D BLANCHE DESCARTES, D.1-D.20 As a mathematics student at Trinity College Cambridge Smith became close friends with three other mathematics students at Trinity, R. Leonard Brooks, Arthur H. Stone and William T. Tutte. Together they tackled a number of problems in mathematics and imaginary mathematician, ‘Blanche Descartes’, under which name to publish their work, in a manner somewhat analogous to the more well-known imaginary French mathematician ‘Nicholas Bourbaki’. devised an The origins of the name Blanche Descartes appear two- fold. The name ‘Blanche’ seems have initially been chosen as containing the initials of the first names of the four (B, full name ‘UR Blanche Descartes Limit’d’, was an anagram of Cedric Austen Bardell Smith. An alternative to Blanche Descartes was ‘F. de Carteblanche’, and Rose Descartes also appeared. A and the but C) L, See also A.5 for a history of the name. The four also published more mainstream articles under their own names (see section B). D.1-D.15 D.16 D.17-D.20 9 PUBLICATIONS PUBLICATIONS TRANSPARENCIES CORRESPONDENCE n.d. de problem’, Eureka 9 (April 1947), 9-11; and Descartes, Blanche, ‘A three colour problem’, Eureka (April 1947), 21, and Eureka 10 (March 1948), 24 Descartes, Blanche, ‘Network colourings’, Math. Gaz. 32 (1948), 67-69 [1947]-[1986], Carteblanche, Photocopies. F., ‘The coloured cubes Photocopy. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Blanche Descartes, D.1-D.20 Descartes, Blanche, ‘Why are series musical?’, Eureka 16 (October 1953), 18-20; and Descartes, Blanche, ‘Hymne to Hymen’, Eureka 17 (October 1954), 5-7 Photocopies. Descartes, Blanche, ‘Solution to problem 4526’, Amer. Math. Monthly 61 (1954), 352 Photocopy. Descartes, Blanche, ‘Enumerational’ Poem presented to the NATO Summer School on Graph Theory and Theoretical Physics, Frascali, June 1964. 1p typescript. Descartes, Blanche and Rose, ‘La coloration des cartes’, Eureka 31 (October 1968), 29-31 Photocopy. Photocopy. Photocopy. in Combinatorial Structures Descartes, Blanche, ‘Bourbaki in reverse’, J. Rec. Math. 2 (October 1969), 206-211 Descartes, Blanche, ‘Song of the subgraph hunter’ and ‘Enumerators song’, and Their Applications (Proc. Internat. Conf., Calgary, 1969); Gordon and Breach, New York, 1970 3pp typescript; offprint. de Carteblanche, F, ‘The princess and the roses’, J. Rec. Math. 3:4 (October 1970), 238-239; ‘The roses and the princes’, J. Rec. Math. 7:4 (Fall 1974) 295-298 C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Blanche Descartes, D.1-D.20 Descartes, Blanche, ‘Division of a square into rectangles’, Eureka 34 (October 1971), 31-35 Photocopy. Brooks, R.L.; Smith, C.A.B.; Stone, A.H. and Tutte, W.T. Letter to the editor: ‘Proof of existence?’, J. Rec. Math. 4:4 (October 1971) 294-295 Photocopy. Descartes, Blanche, Letter to the editor, J. Rec. Math. 7:1 (Winter 1974), 60 Photocopy. Descartes, Discrete Math., Master Index Issue for vols 1-10, 1975 Blanche, theorem ‘On Kuratowski’, of a Photocopy. Photocopy. 1p typescript. In: Editorial, Eureka Descartes, Blanche, ‘Reductio ad absurdum’ Possibly published in James Cook Mathematical Notes. Descartes, Blanche, [Two clerihews]. 46 (January 1986), 1-2. (1980). Correspondence between Blanche Descartes and D.G. Kendall (1973), and to E. Palmer (1979) and M. Gardner 1973, 1979, 1980 CORRESPONDENCE C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 Blanche Descartes, D.1-D.20 D.17-D.20 TRANSPARENCIES 4 folders. Some of the transparencies in section C also refer to Blanche Descartes. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 SECTION E RESEARCH FRAGMENTS, E.1-E.10 1968-1980, n.d. Virtually nothing of Smith’s research as a geneticist or a mathematician survives. This section presents the three random survivals found in the Galton Laboratory which document three different interests. ‘GAUQUELIN’ 1968, 1976 Contents of Smith’s folder so labelled divided into five for ease of reference: chiefly computer print-outs, punched cards, analysis of figures. a study of astrology undertook Francoise, Michel Gauquelin was a French statistician who, with his by wife between analysing correlations and subsequent profession. He is particularly well-known for the and culminating of the planet Mars with the birth of successful athletes. Smith is known to have developed an interest in this area and the material in the folder appears to relate to this. correlated Effect’ which the rising ‘Mars date of birth ‘RECORDINGS’ Contents of Smith’s folder so labelled divided into four for ease of reference: translations of set phrases in a variety of languages. This relates to Smith’s interest in the analysis of language. A ‘conversation’ beginning ‘Good morning! Can | talk to you a minute?’ was translated, possibly by students at UCL, into different languages, ranging from the main Indo- European and Oriental tongues to Basque and Hungarian. The translation may have been recorded as well as being written out. Some of the translations also include lists of numbers and common words. 1979-1980 Manuscript notes. ‘Linkage’ C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 SECTION F CORRESPONDENCE, F.1-F.5 1966-1993 1966-1969 Includes exchange with S. Ferguson on ‘reverse notation’ (Colson numbers). 1982-1988 Includes Smith’s written remarks on |.D. Hill’s talk to the Royal Statistical Society on voting methods, December 1987; and print-out of copy of letter to P. Taylor, editor of Eureka, August 1983, in which Smith sets out his views on the journal and the importance of mathematics. 1990 with Smith’s material 1993 Correspondence relating to ‘An antimatter comet?’ by K. Letter from J.D. Skinner Il enclosing typescript of ‘Note. Uniquely squared squares of common reduced side and order, (includes transparencies) found attached. Bullough. With copy of the draft. C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS AHLIN, Bengt AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL MONTHLY ANUVRAT GLOBAL ORGANIZATION (ANUVIBHA) ASSOCIATION OF TEACHERS OF MATHEMATICS AWNI, Safa BEASLEY, John D. BOULDING, Kenneth and Elise BRADLEY, Morris BULLOUGH, Ken BULLOUGH, Ronald F:5 FS CHARLES GRIFFIN & CO. LTD B.64-B.95 B.73 B.71 D.16 F.3 COLSON NEWS COPLEY, George N. ‘DESCARTES, Blanche’ EDWARDS, Anthony William Fairbank DOZENAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA GARDNER, M. FERGUSON, Shaun FOX, Wendy DEVLIN, Keith DUNN, Ted EUREKA GANI, Joe Index of correspondents C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 GAWAD, F.A. Shewika GREEN, P.J.H. HILLMAN, Ellis HITCHCOCK, Mavis HUNTER, J.A.H. JOHNSTON, Hugh Halcro KENDALL, David George KLEIN, Hans R. KNUTH, Donald E. LEVENSON, Gerard |.P. LEWIS CARROLL SOCIETY NELSON, Harry L. NIXON, W.L. Benedict OWEN, John R. MAWER, Chris MIALL, Hugh MORGAN, Dylan OPEN UNIVERSITY MATHEMATICAL GAZETTE QUAKER PEACE & SERVICE PALMER, E. PAUL, Alvin PIWOWAR, Tom Index of correspondents C.A.B. Smith NCUACS 155/5/07 RANSOM, P.H. RENNIE, Basil C. RICHARDS, Mark ROBERTS, Sir Derek Harry ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SKINNER II, Jasper Dale SMITHERS, Malcolm K. SMOKER, Paul L. TAYLOR, Paul TUTTE, William Thomas TWEEDIE, McKenneth F.3 AoE B38 B75 ULEHLA, Jozef VAVRA, Jan F.2 F.3 B15 C.2 ZIRKEL, Gene WRIGHT, Sewall UPTON, Leslie J. WAKELING, Edward B.f2n bo