KENNEDY, John Stodart v2

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Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of JOHN STODART KENNEDY FRS (1912 - 1993) Compiled by Jeannine Alton and Peter Harper Deposited in the College Archives, Imperial College of Science and Technology, London NCUACS 49/5/94 All rights reserved University of Bath 1994 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, and the production of this catalogue, are madepossible by the support of the following societies and organisations: The Institute of Physics The Royal Society The Wellcome Trust J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THE COLLECTION IS YET AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION. ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSEDIN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO: THE COLLEGE ARCHIVIST IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LONDON J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 LIST OF CONTENTS GENERAL INTRODUCTION Items Page SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL A.1-A.47 A.1, A.2 Autobiographical A.3-A.22 Career A.23-A.34 Family and personal A.35-A.47 Diaries SECTION B RESEARCH SECTION C IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON Introduction B.1-B.57 C.1-C.17 C.1, C.2 Kennedy’s career at Imperial College C.3-C.6 ARC andInsect Physiology Group C.7-C.16 Research C.17 Lectures and teaching SECTION D LECTURES, PAPERS, BROADCASTS D.1-D.50 Introduction D.1-D.41 Lectures and papers D.42-D.50 Broadcasts SECTION E PUBLICATIONS SECTION F SOCIETIES AND ORGANISATIONS SECTION G CORRESPONDENCE Introduction G.1-G.213 Scientific and general correspondence G.214-G.239 Shorter scientific correspondence G.240-G.245 Unindexed correspondence E.1-E.13 F.1-F.32 G.1-G.245 10 11 11 13 14 16 26 26 28 28 28 29 30 30 31 37 39 42 47 47 49 75 77 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 Items Page SECTIONH REFERENCES AND RECOMMENDATIONS H.1-H.136 H.1, H.2 Theses and higher degrees H.3-H.39 UK research grants and fellowships H.40-H.51 Overseas research andtravel grants H.52-H.81 UK appointments, promotions, awards H.82-H.97 Overseas appointments, promotions, awards H.98-H.136 Editorial and advisory Introductory note SECTION J PHOTOGRAPHS J.1-J.35 INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS 78 79 79 82 83 85 86 86 91 95 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 GENERAL INTRODUCTION PROVENANCE 5 The papers werereceived from Kennedy’s room at the Department of Zoology Oxford, and from his home in Oxford. OUTLINE OF THE CAREER OF JOHN STODART KENNEDY Kennedy wasbornin 1912 at Titusville, Pennsylvania. His father, an Anglo-Scottish engineer, had met his American mother in Bangkok where he was tramways managerand she wasvisiting her aunt and missionary uncle. The family settled back in England after the First World War, and Kennedy was conventionally educated at preparatory schools followed by Westminster School 1925-1928 wherehis developing interest in biology was encouraged. At University College London 1929-1933 several important steps were taken: Zoology course, became acquainted through lectures with the Mechanist/Vitalist controversyin the interpretation of animal behaviour, was increasingly active in left-wing politics (he was a member he chose Animal Behaviour as his special subject in the of the Communist Party) and virtually ceased all contact with his conservative and establishment home and family. From this time, Kennedy seems to have supported himself by savings, scholarships and grants. After working for an M.Sc. at UCL under G.S. Fraenkel, Kennedy obtained, via B.P. Uvarov, a three- year grant to work for a Ph.D. (awarded 1938) on locusts under the supervision of D.L. Gunn at Birmingham University; this also brought him his first experience of field-work for a few monthsin the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. A longerspell of field-work abroad seemedlikely when Kennedy(by now married) accepted a post at the Rockefeller Foundation Malaria Research Laboratory at Tirana, Albania in 1938, but this proved short-lived when the laboratory was closed downin the wakeof the After various short-term unpredicted invasion of Albania by Italy on Good Friday 1939. appointments, he was again posted abroad as Research Officer in the Colonial Office's Middle East Anti-Locust Unit; he served 1942-1944, travelling widely and organising both Soviet and RAF crop- dusting aircraft. He later described the workas ‘frustrating’ and indeed the results, obtained in the conditions of the time, were of limited value; Kennedy himself became seriously debilitated and needed a period of recovery onhis return. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 6 During his Middle East travels, he had received aninvitation from V.B. Wigglesworthto join his new Agricultural Research Council Insect Physiology Unit at the Department of Zoology Cambridge, and took up the appointmentin 1946, working at the Field Station and University Farm. He also made a new family life there. His first marriage ended in divorce in 1946, and in 1950 he married Claudette, widow of a victim of Auschwitz where she herself had been imprisoned. They had two children and the marriage was very happy. Kennedy remained at Cambridge for twenty-one years, working continuously on aphids, concentrating - as he preferred to do - on research, keeping teaching and administration to a minimum, but producing a steady flow of published work which brought him an international With the looming reputation and, in 1965, election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society. retirement of Wigglesworth and the consequent disbandment of the ARC Unit, Kennedy spent two worrying years 1965-1967 uncertain about the future location of his work. His ideal solution would no doubt have been to remain in Cambridge where family ties were by then strong, but this was not to be, and in 1967 he accepted aninvitation from Imperial College London to move with a small group to the Field Station at Silwood Park. Here, with the rank of Deputy Chief Scientific Officer from the ARC andthetitle of Professor of Animal Behaviour from London University (later Emeritus Professor and Senior Research Fellow of Imperial College), he continued to work on aphids, moths and pheromonesuntil 1983. He then accepted an invitation from Professor Sir Richard Southwood (formerly Head of the Department of Zoology and Applied Entomology at Imperial College) of accommodation in the With the help of grants from the Royal Society he continued Department of Zoology Oxford. research and publications oninsect flight patterns, but towards the end of the 1980s concentrated his activities on what he called in his autobiographical notes ‘anthropomorphic misinterpretation of insect behaviour in various contexts’. This came to preoccupy him in his own writings and in his he finally published his views in his only book The new comments on those of others; anthropomorphism in 1992. In 1984 Kennedy received the Gold Medal (Zoology) of the Linnean Society of London. In 1985 he received the Wigglesworth Medalof the Royal Entomological Society of London. Although Kennedy’s health was not strong - he had undergone major surgery in 1979 - he maintained a serious involvement in research andin the activities of the Department, where his sudden death occurred on 4 February 1993. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 7 DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION The material is presented as shown in the List of Contents. information and cross-references are appended where appropriate to the separate sections, sub- sections andindividualentries in the body of the catalogue. The following paragraphsare intended Additional explanatory notes, only to draw attention to items of particular interest. Section A, Biographical and autobiographical, documents most stages of Kennedy's scientific career from the 1930s, including his wartime service, his period at Cambridge and subsequent moves to Imperial College and Oxford. There is virtually no personal material about Kennedy himself, but there are a few items relating to his parents and to his father’s ‘Vertical Lifter Aircraft’ which Kennedy attempted to promote at the very endofhis life. This section also includes Kennedy's own autobiographical notes, which have been drawn onin compiling this account. Section B, Research, presents the material alphabetically by topic. diagrams and drafts and, for some topics, considerable correspondence. The timespan is wide, ranging from photographsand observations in Albania in 1939 to the drafts and exchangesof ideas leading up to his 1992 book The new anthropomorphism. Kennedy had a well-deserved reputation for devising experimental techniques and apparatus such as windtunnels and carousels. These are not documented other than by the photographsin Section J. It includes notebooks, notes, Section C, Imperial College London, includes material relating to Kennedy’s move to the College and as a senior ARC staff member. See the introductory note to the section. There is also material on several collaborative research projects. Section D, Lectures, papers, broadcasts, covers a considerable time-span, 1936-1987, and addresses a very wide spectrum of audience from informal college or departmental talks to specialist conferences. Kennedy gave several radio talks on locusts and aphids, though he does not seem to have been a natural broadcaster. Section E, Publications. Kennedy’s bibliography included at A.2 lists 110 publications. Few of them are documentedin this short section, which does howeverinclude a few items notlisted there. The publication history of The new anthropomorphismis recordedhere. Section F, Societies and organisations. Kennedy’s involvement with professional organisations was kept deliberately restricted in order not to interfere with research time, though he had a long- standing connectionwith the Anti-Locust Research Centreand, after 1965, participated in the affairs of the Royal Society. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 8 Section G, Correspondence, is the most substantial of the collection, of interest both for the intensity of the scientific exchanges and also for some of the long-term sequences with friends and colleagues such as D.L. Gunn and V.B. Wigglesworth as well as with many overseas correspondents. Theintroductory note to the section describes in more detail the contentand interest of the material. Section H, References and recommendations, is another substantial section. grant applications which Kennedy refereed for UK and overseasinstitutions, there is an extensive section (with an introductorynote) relating to his work for journals and publishing housesin careful In addition to many comments and assessments of work submitted. Section J, Photographs. Of special interest are the many photographs taken 1942-1944 of the work of the Middle East Anti-Locust Unit. There are also photographs of windtunnels, and several group photographs of meetings and symposia. It will be seen that the collection well reflects Kennedy’s unbroken commitment to research, which he insisted was for him the only worthwhile activity. Teaching and administration were avoided or kept to the minimum acceptable. Participation in the activities of learned or professional groups, including editorial boards, wassimilarly restricted. There is for example no section on conferences in the collection, though Kennedy did attend such gatherings from time to time and gave several of the lectures in Section D at them; his own preference, however, was for small congenial meetings at the Cambridge ‘Bun Shop’ (a pub near the Department) or practical small-scale discussionsin the laboratory. He wasinsistent on the publication of new findings when he wassatisfied that they were scientifically adequate, and held colleagues and research students to the same course, expressing disappointment when work wasdelayed. From earliest days his avowed aims, which he thought he had found in Marxism, were accuracy and objectivity. They made him a fearsome antagonistin oral or written argument where he could be disconcertingly clinical in exposing unsound work, or could press for clarification with logic-chopping rationalism. On more than one occasion he described himself as a ‘cold fish’ and claimed to havedifficulty in expressing emotion. His temperament was in many ways that of an Yet this is a partial, indeed a misleading view. enthusiast. His questfor‘truth’ in his chosenfield of animal behaviour wasa lifelong passion which could lead him to overstate a case - which he would quickly acknowledge and withdraw if contrary His letters often pour out his ideas and ask for reciprocity with an evidence were forthcoming. almost endearing frankness. He went to great trouble with visitors and students. He and his wife Claudette extended warm friendly hospitality in their home to innumerable colleagues. In his autobiographical notes Kennedy quotes V.B. Wigglesworth’s description of him: disinterested soul’. This enigmatic statement is perhaps the wisest conclusion. ‘ ‘a J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 9 Thanks are due to Mrs Claudette Kennedy for making the papers available, and to Dr. Catherine Kennedyfor help in identifying some of the photographs. Jeannine Alton BATH 1994 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 10 SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL A.1-A.47 A.1, A.2 AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL A.3-A.22 CAREER A.23-A.34 FAMILY AND PERSONAL A.35-A.47 DIARIES Biographical and Autobiographical 11 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL A.1 A.2 CAREER A.3 A.4 A.5 A.6 A.7 A.8 A.9 A.10 Autobiographical account and bibliography, probably prepared for Royal Society 1992. Miscellaneous cvs, selected ‘significant items of work’, publications etc. Various dates 1937-1986. Poem, n.d. Registration at University College London 1930. Award of M.Sc. London, for thesis on ‘Cleaning movementsin the blow-fly’ 1937. See D.1. Applications for posts at Bedford College London, University College Cardiff, Emmanuel College Cambridge 1937. Includes cv and testimonials Correspondencewith P.A. Buxton 1937 leading to Kennedy working as Avebury Student in the Department of Entomology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Conferment of Ph.D. Birmingham, 1938 (programme only). Testimonials 1939. Material relating to Kennedy’s wartime employmentby the Colonial Office Offer of appointment 1942, on the Middle East Anti-Locust Unit. arrangementsfor discharge 1944, medical examination showing Kennedy to be suffering from low blood pressure and exhaustion from overwork. Material 1944-1946 relating to Kennedy’s wartime employment by the Ministry of Supply at the Chemical Defence Experimental Station, Porton Down, from 1945 (starting date deferred because of overwork) to January Includes Kennedy’s outline of equipment requirements and 1946. organisation of the work. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 12 Biographical and Autobiographical correspondence and 1946-1967 exchanged with General Agricultural Research Council, covering Kennedy’s period at Cambridge with ARC Insect Physiology Unit. Includes appointment January 1946, promotions,visits, conferences and reports etc. up to Kennedy’s move to Imperial College. See C.3 for similar material 1967-1982. papers A.13 A.14 A.15 Confermentof D.Sc. University of London 1955. Brief correspondence, list of publications submitted. Application for post of Head of Department of Entomology, Rothamsted Experimental Station 1955. Correspondence, drafts. K. Mellanby was appointed. Kennedy’s correspondence with Wigglesworth for the period at G.200 refers to the matter. Correspondence on possible appointments 1957, 1959. Correspondenceand papers 1965-1967 on the retirement of Wigglesworth, the consequent closure of the Cambridge ARC Unit and Kennedy’s future career. Although the closure had been foreseenfor several years, Kennedy and his family suffered considerable strain as various enquiries and negotiations dragged on. Possible moves explored include Long Ashton University College London, Glasgow University, Anti-Locust Bristol, Research Centre London, Cambridge University, Oxford University, Brunel Kennedy’s notes on his aims and requirements are also University. included. See also correspondence with Wigglesworth at G.201, with T. Weis-Fogh at G.194 and Section C passim for the eventual move to Imperial College London and the ARC Unit at Silwood Park. A.16 Appointments at University of London. Fellowship, University College, 1966. Confermentof the title ‘Professor of Animal Behaviour’, 1967. Confermentoftitle ‘Emeritus Professor of Animal Behaviour’, 1977. General correspondence and papers exchangedwith Agricultural Research Council on Kennedy’s pension and FSSU arrangements, 1975, 1977. Includes formal notification of retirement from ARC, at age of 65, 30 September 1977. Kennedy's letter of 28 March gives details of his war service. Appointmentas Research Associate, Department of Zoology, Oxford 1982, proposed Fellowship of Wolfson College, notification of research grants from Royal Society 1984 (£3000), 1987 (£9250 for work on ‘Antagonistic Induction’). Award of Linnean Medal for Zoology 1984, arrangementsfor presentation. A.17 A.18 A.19 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 13 Biographical and Autobiographical A.20 A.21 A.22 Invitation to Kennedy’s 80th birthday celebration, Queen’s College Oxford. Correspondence and papers 1991-1992 exchangedwith N. Russell and his researchprojecton ‘an investigation of creativity in the origin of scientific ideas and technical advances in the biological sciences’. Includes Kennedy’s selected ‘highlights’ of his research and publications, and arrangements for taped interviews to be deposited in the British Library National Sound Archive. Memorial meeting for Kennedy, 27 February 1993. Guestlist, tributes from T.R.E. Southwood, James Kennedy,P. Miller. FAMILY AND PERSONAL A.23 A.24 A.25 Miscellaneous notes and information about the Kennedy and Stodart families. Miscellaneous biographical information about James John Stodart Kennedy (Kennedy’s father, known as Stodart Kennedy). Includes apprenticeship 1896, testimonials for work on Siamese tramway, Imperial Ministry of Munitions Canada, English Electric Company, Kennedy and Donkin Engineersetc. Miscellaneous items relating to Kennedy’s parents, correspondence, notices of memorial services. A.26-A.32 The ‘Multiple Aerofoil Vertical Lifter Aircraft’. This was a project which Stodart Kennedy developed during his servicein Hong Kong. His attemptsto interest engineersin the practical application of the design met with no success from 1915 onwards, but he persevered with various versions and improvementsatintervals for many years. After the publication of his book The new anthropomorphism, Kennedyhimself took up the threads and became persuadedofthe feasibility of the idea, writing letters and memoranda and trying to interest engineers in the project. He too met with no success before his death. Kennedy was for many years estranged from his family and had marked is interesting, differences of opinion and temperament from them. however, to see Stodart Kennedy approaching controversy in a similar fashion to his son, annotating documents and conducting a polemical argumentwith his correspondents in the marginsof their letters. It A.26 Includes ‘Memorandum on Correspondence and papers 1915-1916. Airships’ and ensuing correspondence from Stodart Kennedy's father James J. Kennedy and an engineer colleague A.B. Raworth. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 14 Biographical and Autobiographical A.27 A.28 A.29 A.30 A.31 A.32 Lecture on ‘Speed andTraffic’, with a manuscript note by Kennedy ‘Bases for private lecture by JJSK to a gathering ofthe staff engineers of Kennedy and Donkin, at St. Ermin’s Court near Broadway and St. James’s Park on April 6th 1934 (supposedly taking account of research and development up to the end of 1933).’ ‘Outline notes for and some wordingfor, a (probably informal) paper to be read at |.C.E.’, 1936. Versions and revisions of ‘Aviation Memo’ 1946, 1951. 1953 version, fully worked out with calculations and figures. Correspondence from Raworth 1962, after Stodart Kennedy’s death, enclosing correspondence and memoranda of 1948 aboutthe project. Kennedy’s notes, memoranda, correspondence, arrangementsfor meetings etc. related to the project 1992-1993. A.33, A.34 Personal correspondence A.33 A.34 DIARIES A.35 A.36 A.37 A.38 Shorter correspondence, thanks for hospitality, letters of congratulation, condolence etc. 1962-1983. Shorter correspondence 1946-1987. Includes Kennedy’s refusal of a post in Canada 1950 becauseofhis dislike of North Americanpolitics, refusal of US visa in 1964, and other items of biographical and personalinterest. Small pocket diary 1943 India and Middle East. Spiral-back diary 1970. Spiral-back diary 1971. Spiral-back diary 1975. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 15 Biographical and Autobiographical Loose pages March-December 1975, from spiral-back engagementdiary. Spiral-back engagementdiary 1976. Similar 1977. Similar 1978. Similar 1979. Similar 1980. Similar 1981. Similar 1982, Similar 1983. A.39 A.40 A.41 A.42 A.43 A.44 A.45 A.46 A.47 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 16 SECTION B RESEARCH B.1-B.57 B.1-B.22 APHIDS B.23, B.24 BEHAVIOUR/BEHAVIOURISM B.25-B.31 ETHOLOGY B.32 KLINOKINESIS B.33-B.38 LOCUSTS B.39-B.42 MOSQUITOES B.43-B.53 MOTIVATION B.54 PHASES AND MATURATION B.55-B.57 RESEARCH PROBLEMS The alphabetical presentation by topic as listed above has been adopted for convenience. While the whole of Kennedy’s research career could be subsumed under the heading of animal physiology and behaviour, there were nevertheless certain themes, experimental animals or publication commitments which took precedenceat various times. Kennedy’s ownfile descriptions reflect this, and have been preserved whereverpracticable. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 17 Research The material may include notebooks, notes, diagrams and drafts for papers or publications. For some topics such as aphids (B.10-B.18) or ethology (B.30, B.31) there are specific related correspondencefiles kept as such by Kennedy; it should howeverbe noted that correspondence maybeincluded in several other folders than those designated, and that many of the topics are widely discussed in the general correspondencefiles in Section G. Photographs of some of the work are in Section J. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 APHIDS 18 Research These were the focus of Kennedy’s research at Cambridge when he was a member of V.B. Wigglesworth’s ARC Unit of Insect Physiology in the Department of Zoology. Kennedy’s own work was mainly conductedat the Field Station at Storey’s Way and the University Farm off Huntingdon notes he says ‘I remained with Road. Wigglesworth’s Unit working continuously on aphids for 21 years until 1967 whenthe Unit was dissolved automatically on his retirement’. When Kennedy himself retired and moved to Oxford in 1983 he resumed research on aphids funded by a grant from the Royal Society. his autobiographical In B.1 Hard-backed loose-leaf binder with thumb index. Detailed experimental notes and observations, indexed by topic. Various dates 1946, 1947. Notes on visits to Rothamsted and Porton 1946. At rear of book, notes on work in Sudan and Middle East 1942, including a little personal material. See also B.33. At back of book, notes on work at Tirana 1938-1939, and also notes and experiments dated 1936 perhaps inherited by Kennedy from previous workers at the Rockefeller Foundation Malaria Research Laboratory. See also B.39-B.42. B.2 Hard-backed loose-leaf binder with thumb index. Experiments, notes and observations, indexed by topic. 1947-1950. Various dates Notes ontheliterature, latest dates 1960s. B.3 B.4-B.8 B.4 B.5 University Farm 1947-1950 including Work on infested meteorological information, patterns of infestation, graphs, map of University Farm, aerial photographs taken by RAF. See also J.10-J.17. fields at Notes, drafts, correspondence etc. 1957-1958 on various aspects of aphidology, some arising from publications by Kennedy and by others, probably preparatory material for Kennedy's review (with H.L.G. Stroyan q.v.) Biology of aphids (Ann. Rev. Ent. 3, 1959). Correspondencewith J.L. Auclair on ‘Plant resistance to aphids’; includes manuscript of paper by Auclair. Notes and ideas, some dated 1957-1958, for papers and work to be done on aphids. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 19 B.6 B.7 B.8 B.9 B.10-B.18 Research Notes and drafts, January-February 1958, mainly on sensory-motor functions. Notes, drafts, a little correspondence, 1958, on food intake. Draft papers, by L.R. Taylor, C.G. Johnson and others, on aphid flight curves and distribution, with manuscript comments by Kennedy. Notes and papers on colour vision of aphids, mainly relating to the work of V. Moericke (q.v.), 1950s, 1964. Material kept separate by Kennedy. The Correspondence on aphids. content is heterogeneous: information on material and methods, requests to visit or work in laboratory (see also G.239), arrangementsfor lectures, reprint exchanges, some more substantial exchanges. Contentis similar to, but more specialised than, that in ‘Shorter Scientific Correspondence’ at G.214 et seq. B.10 1946-1947 B.11 1948-1950 B.12 1951-1953 B.13 1954-1955 B.14 1956-1959 B.15 1960-1962 B.16 1963-1964 B.17 1965-1967 B.18 1968, 1977, 1987 B.19-B.22 Later work on aphids, at Oxford. B.19 B.20 B.21 Hard-backed loose-leaf binder with thumb index. Experiments, notes and observations on aphids on beans, by Kennedy and collaborators, indexed by topic. Various dates 1985-1988. Hard-backed loose-leaf binder with thumb index. Spine labelled ‘APHIDS 38-49’. Notes and observations for experiments numbered 38-49, mainly by Kennedy and/or with his comments. Various dates 1986-1987. Hard-backed loose-leaf binder with thumb index. Spine labelled ‘APHIDS 3’. Notes and observations for experiments numbered 50-58, mainly by Kennedy and with many notes and comments by him. Various dates 1986- 1987. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 20 Research B.22 Hard-backed loose-leaf binder with thumb index. ‘ETHOLOGY APHIDS 10-37’. Spine labelled Notes and observations for experiments numbered 59-66, mainly by Kennedy or with his comments. Various dates 1987-1988. At rear of book, some additional notes on someof the experiments. BEHAVIOUR/BEHAVIOURISM B.23 Contents of folder labelled ‘Pavlov Sherrington’. Notes, drafts, a little correspondence, 1953, 1959, linked to Kennedy’s paper given at Cambridge Symposium on ‘Psychological Theories of Animal Behaviour’ (originally intended for publication in Quant. J. exp. Psychol. but in the end only circulated privately). Includes newsletters of Society for Cultural Relations with the USSR and other articles on Pavlov, Behaviourism, conditioned reflexes, Soviet psychiatry etc. B.24 Notes anddrafts for articles and papers. Includes synopsis and notes for proposed book ‘Behavioural successions’ ‘Behaviour as 1964, notes and drafts for Kennedy’s contribution, physiology’, to Festschrift for V.B. Wigglesworth 1966, notes at meeting on ‘Patterning in Behaviour’ 1980. ETHOLOGY There is considerable overlap in content betweenthese folders and B.23, B.24 above, but Kennedy’s labelling of his material has been followed. B.25, B.26 ‘Ethology Notes’. information. Contents of folder so inscribed: notes, drafts, B.25 B.26 Includes programmes and notes taken at Society for 1949-1957. Experimental Biology Symposium on‘Physiological Mechanismsin Animal Behaviour’ Cambridge July 1949, and at Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour meeting February 1955. 1959, 1963, 1967. Notes for ‘Ethology Conference’ 1959, notes on W.H. Thorpe 1963. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 21 Research B.27 B.28 B.29 Drafts, revisions, speaking and reading texts for Kennedy’s paper ‘Modern ethology as a subjectivist theory of animal behaviour’, given at a meeting in Cambridge of the Experimental Psychology Group. See B.23. Kennedy regarded this as a crucial statement of his thinking and included a copy with his later notes for his last publication. See B.48. ‘Recent developments in the theory of animal behaviour’, 23 page draft paper, latest reference 1953. Not listed in Bibliography. behaviour as a chain reflexes’. ‘Aphid Related to Kennedy’s paper at Manuscript draft and notes. Montreal ‘The experimental analysis of aphid behaviour andits bearing on current theories of instinct’, see correspondence with G.P. Baerends in B.30. hierarchically-organized of 1959. B.30, B.31 ‘Ethology Corresp.’. Contents of folder so inscribed. B.30 1953-1958 B.31 1959-1987 KLINOKINESIS B.32 This had been a long-term interest of Kennedy, which he felt he had never adequately dealt with for publication. In a letter to J. Brady 18 May 1990 (G.24) he writes: “You may perhaps remember that Charles David and (initially together with David Marsh and Peter Furness) were preparing a review on klinokinesis in 1973 because it was such a muddle, especially after Gunn had first rejected the whole idea but then withdrew his objections in view of the work on bacteria. But then Charles wentoff to Berkeley and the review never gotfinalized - although| still have | don’t think it would have dealt the fat wallet-file | accumulatedfor it. adequately with the point now at issue between the three B’s, which | think is now possible. Nevertheless, a draft MS dated 1975that| still have does make the crucial point about two levels of description/ analysis that I've made above. We said that ‘While the basic klinokinetic responseis quite simple, the resulting spatial manoeuvres take many forms and unnecessary difficulties arise when these two levels of organisation are confused’.” This is the wallet-file referred to, and includes notes,drafts, referencesetc. Various dates 1974-1986. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 LOCUSTS 22 Research The reactions of locusts to temperature and humidity were the subjectof Kennedy’s doctorate thesis under D.L. Gunn 1935-1938, a period which included seven months’ field work in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. The material here refers to Kennedy’s wartime work with the ‘Middle East Anti-Locust Unit’ 1942-1945 and later research. See also A.35, B.1, F.1, J.1-J.8. Tagged folder of letters and cables, reports and papers (some carbon copies) March 1942 - May 1944 on the work of the Anti-Locust Unit. The material follows Kennedy’s order i.e. the order in which he received or despatched items rather than chronological order disrupted by wartime delays. Includes setting-up plans, descriptions of team members’ tasks and scope of work, reports on results and future organisation. Kennedy’s detailed exchangeswith B.P. Uvarov (mis-spelled as Uvaror in some oftheofficial correspondence) rehearsing the frustrations of organising the complex operation in the Indo-Persian region, and his relations with the Soviet crop- dusting aircraft and their crews assigned to the project, are of interest. Correspondence and papers 1944-1945, relating to the above but not included in the folder. Official meetings to discuss anti-locust operations, correspondence. Miscellaneous data and reports on desert locusts in Sudan and Oman 1942, and little related correspondence 1955. ‘Thoughts on the problem of a declining locust plague, with proposals for field studies.’ Paper by Kennedy, July 1947. Correspondence and papers on locust plagues, 1979, 1980. Correspondence and papers 1990-1992 on proposal for research on ‘Analysis of the causal factorsin locust gregarization’, to be carried outat the Department to Zoology Oxford by S.J. Simpson, P.R. White and P.L. Miller. Kennedy and L. Barton Browne were advisers. Includes drafts, comments and discussions on proposal, Progress Report October 1991 - March 1992. B.33 B.34 B.35 B.36 B.37 B.38 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 MOSQUITOES 23 Research This documents Kennedy’s work at the Rockefeller Foundation’s Malaria Research Laboratory, Tirana, Albania, work broughtto an end bytheItalian occupation of Albania at Easter 1939. See also correspondencewith M. Bates (G.15, G.16) and B.1. B.39 Hard-backed, loose-leaf binder with thumb index. B.40 B.41 B.42 MOTIVATION Experimental notes and observations, summaries of work, photographsof apparatus and sites, indexed by topic, on larval reactions to current, temperature and humidity. Hard-backed notebook of observations and data (not all in Kennedy’s hand) December 1938 - February 1939. Similar, work almostall in Kennedy’s hand, various dates October 1938 - April 1939, and also including brief notes January 1940 while Kennedy was working at the Wellcome Entomological Field Laboratory, Esher. Notes etc. on reactions of mosquito larvae to wavelets in water. Includes photographstaken in Albania 1938-1939 probably removed from B.39, and notes for a talk on the subject given to the Entomological Society 7 October 1955. Considerations of animal consciousness, and of the scientific basis for studies of animal behaviour, underlayvirtually all Kennedy’s research and In the 1980s, however, they increasingly assumed a dominant writings. position in his thinking, culminating in The new anthropomorphism (C.U.P. 1992), his last published work. In a letter to V. Labeyrie of October 1986, he writes: “| have resumed my 30-years-old polemical campaign in favour of a consistently materialist interpretation of animal behaviour and against the anthropomorphism which has never been abandonedand is now increasing.” See G.105. Similar statements, and discussions ensuing, can be found in the general correspondencein Section G as well as in the folders below. The material here consists of notes, correspondence and lectures, many exchanged with colleagues in the Department of Zoology Oxford, as well Correspondence with as painstaking drafts for the final publication. publishers can be found at E.9 - E.11. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 24 Research B.43-B.46 Contents of a folder inscribed ‘Ethology - Motivation - Documents’. B.43 B.44 B.45 B.46 B.47 B.48 B.49 B.50 Material relating to ‘Round-table Conference on Animal Nomenclature’, held at Cambridge 18-22 July 1949. Participants, report by W.H. Thorpe annotated by Kennedy. Correspondenceand papers, requests for information and commentfrom colleagues 1984-1987. Correspondence, memoranda and notes 1984-1985 mainly with S.J. Simpson andP. Miller about a proposed collaborative book provisionally titled ‘Physiology and psychology in the study of animal behaviour’. Includes synopses, discussion notesetc. Correspondence and papers 1986-1989, mainly on Kennedy’s paper ‘Animal motivation : the beginning of the end?’ in Perspectives in chemoreception and behaviour, New York 1987. Notes etc. on ‘foraging’, ‘searching’ and ‘goal-directed’ behaviour 1983- 1989. Includes brief exchanges with J.R. Krebs. Miscellaneous notes 1975, 1984-1989. Also includes copy of Kennedy’s 1953 lecture ‘Modern ethology as a subjectivist theory of animal behaviour’ (see B.27). Material 1987-1988 relating to the ‘Motivation Discussion Group’ at Oxford, arising from correspondencewith J.Z. Young who openedthe discussion at the first meeting. Correspondenceand papersrelating to the Department of Zoology Animal Behaviour Research Group Oxford, mainly Kennedy’s lectures ‘Are animals motivated?’ given 1985-1989 to 3rd year undergraduate course. Also includesa little material on organisation, content and examination of the ‘Animal behaviour’ option at Oxford. B.51-B.53 The new anthropomorphism Drafts, notes, revisions for book; workingtitles were ‘Animal motivation’ and ‘Neo-anthropomorphism’. B.51 Hard-backed loose-leaf binder with thumb index. Manuscript notes, drafts, quotations and notes from the literature, indexed by chapters of draft synopsis, heavily corrected and revised, 1984-1989. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 25 Research B.52 Black spring-back binder. Corrected draft February-March 1991; corrections and notes on front and back fly-leaves as well as on manuscript. B.53 Black spring-back binder. Corrected draft April-May 1991, with ‘extra pieces to go into the galley proofs’ tuckedinto front. PHASES AND MATURATION B.54 Correspondence, notes and drafts c.1956-1960, some fragmentary, some Includes heavily-corrected and revised manuscript ‘A more substantial. biological characterization of aphids as specialized parasites of plants with rapid growth and development: the herb-colonizing viviparae’ November 1957, two copies, differently annotated, of Kennedy’s paper ‘VBW’s [Wigglesworth’s] “Physiology of insect metamorphosis”’ November 1957 and addendum 1958, unidentified draft. RESEARCH PROBLEMS B.55-B.57 Contents of folder so inscribed. The time-span covered is 1948-1991 (and undated), thus including ideas for work at Cambridge, Imperial College and Oxford. Some are brief outlines for possible work by Kennedy or a research student, others include more developed ideas on work in progress or proposed. 1948-1966. Includes Kennedy’s proposal for a period of part-time working at the Anti-Locust Research Centre. 1967-1981. 1982-1991 and undated. B.55 B.56 B.57 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 26 SECTION C IMPERIAL COLLEGE C.1-C.17 C.1, C.2 KENNEDY’S CAREER AT IMPERIAL COLLEGE C.3-C.6 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AND INSECT PHYSIOLOGY GROUP C.7-C.16 RESEARCH C.17 LECTURES AND TEACHING In 1967 Kennedy accepted the College’s invitation to come with a small group (in particular his long-term colleague A.R. Lees) to work in the Department of Zoology at the Field Station at Silwood Park, Ascot. This invitation was the culmination of a long and often stressful period of negotiation. retirementof V.B. Wigglesworth as Quick Professor automatically entailed the disbandment of the ARC’s Insect Physiology Unit at Cambridge and the redeploymentof its members. Kennedy, a member of the Unit since 1946 and a senior scientist on the salaried staff of the ARC, felt C.1 gives some account of the protracted negotiations; particularly isolated and distressed. further material can be found at A.15, and in the correspondence with Wigglesworth at G.201 and The T. Weis-Fogh at G.194. Though Kennedy regretted the necessity to move from Cambridge, he found his period at Silwood Park productive and congenial. The ARC continued to fund a new group for the study of insect physiology within the Department of Zoology and Applied Entomology headedby Professor T.R.E (later Sir Richard) Southwood, and the College provided good laboratory accommodation and facilities. On a personal level, he was promoted by ARC to the rank of Deputy Chief Scientific Officer, and he heldthetitle of Professor of Animal Behaviour in the University of London, while remaining a memberof ARC’s externalstaff. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 27 Imperial College On his retirement at the age of 65 in 1977 Kennedy was made Emeritus Professorof the University and Senior Research Fellow of the College, where he continued to work until 1983 when he moved to the Department of Zoology at Oxford. Additional information about research andactivities of the ARC group is to be found in some of the general correspondencefiles in Section G, especially thoserelating to long-term colleagues such as J.N. Brady, C.D. David, A.R. Ludlow, J.E. Moorhouse and M.J. Way. Note For convenience, the term ‘Silwood Park’ has been adoptedto refer to the laboratory and its work. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 28 Imperial College KENNEDY’S CAREER AT IMPERIAL COLLEGE C.1 C.2 Papers and correspondence 1963-1967, exchanged between Imperial College, ARC, Kennedy and others leading up to the move from Cambridge and the opening of the new group at Silwood Park. Papers and correspondence 1973-1985, on retirement arrangements, future of ARC Insect Physiology Group, Kennedy’s appointment as Senior Research Fellow (1977), and as Honorary Fellow (1981). AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AND INSECT PHYSIOLOGY GROUP C.3 correspondence General and promotions, Kennedy’s membership of ARC Glasshouse Crops ResearchInstitute visiting group and report, future of Silwood Park Group. visits and conferences, reports on work, 1967-1982, including appointments C.4-C.6 Insect Physiology Group at Silwood Park. C.4 C.5 C.6 RESEARCH C.7-C.10 Reports,staff lists, correspondence,information, memoranda,visits by ARC to Group. 1971-1979. Includes report by Kennedy on ‘The current American R & D effort toward insect pest control by manipulating behaviour : impressions from a visit in August-September 1976’. 1980-1988. Includes correspondence and memosonfuture of Group, and copy of Final Report 1982-1987. ARC staff at Silwood Park. ‘Background research on tsetse behaviour’, project funded by Ministry of Overseas Development, later Overseas Development Administration, (ODA J.N. Brady (q.v.) was Scheme No. R.2107) and directed by Kennedy. appointed ResearchFellow. Includes negotiations, budgeting etc. for initial application and periodic renewals, interim and final reports, correspondence,administration of grant etc. C.7 C.8 1968 1969-1971 C.9 1972 C.10 1975 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 29 Imperial College C.11 C.12 C.13 Report on ‘Host-plantfinding behaviour in phytophagousDipterain a large wind tunnel’, on ARC Grant AG8/129, 1975-1976. Annotated by Kennedy. ARC Grant Application by J.N. Brady and Kennedyfor work on ‘Control by flying insects of their movementsrelative to the ground’ 1976, with a few notes and drafts for letters. Correspondence and papers 1973-1982 relating to collaborative research with ICI Entomology Section, on ‘The mechanism and inhibition of oviposition’. Visits, negotiations, project outline, report. C.14-C.16 Requests to visit or work at Silwood Park, letters of thanks from visitors. Includes some discussion of research in hand or proposed. C.14 1967-1969 C.15 1970-1979. C.16 1980-1983 LECTURES AND TEACHING C.17 Miscellaneous material for second and third year work. Includes Kennedy’s third year lecture on ‘Behavioural Physiology in historical perspective’. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 30 SECTION D LECTURES, PAPERS, BROADCASTS D.1-D.50 D.1-D.41 LECTURES AND PAPERS D.42-D.50 BROADCASTS The chronological sequence D.1-D.41 covers the time-span 1935-1987 and shows Kennedyto have been throughouthis career an assiduous disseminator of research results and theories. It varies in scope from brief notes oroutlines for a university class or society to more fully-worked papers for a conference or discussion meeting; a little correspondence is sometimesincluded. The notes or drafts are normally dated and bear someindication of where and to whom they were addressed, but are not alwaysfully titled. All the broadcasts at D.42-D.50 are for the British Broadcasting Corporation. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 31 Lectures, papers, broadcasts LECTURES AND PAPERS D.1 1935 D.2 D.3 ‘Cleaning movementsin flies’. Report on work for M.Sc. at the Department of Zoology University College London 1933-34, underthe direction of G.S. Fraenkel. 1936 Paperfor Society for Experimental Biology, Birmingham, 1936(part only). 1937 ‘Effect of temperature on locust behaviour in the field’, for Society for Experimental Biology, December 1937. D.4 1938 ‘The origination of locust outbreaks’, for Royal Entomological Society, March 1938. D.5 D.6 1941 Notes for ‘SEB Oxford’. 1945 Notes for ‘Paper read to Porton Civilian Officers Club’. Notes ‘UCL 1945’. D.7 1948 ‘Insect migration. Cambridge]. Zoo Tea Party 25 Feb.’ [at Zoology Department ‘Locust migration. R. Ent. Soc. London’, 7 April. Aphid behaviour (Exhibit) Association of Applied Biologists, 23 July. Remarks at London, 14 August. discussion, Commonwealth Entomological Conference, J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 32 Lectures, papers, broadcasts D.8 D.9 1949 Notes for ‘Zoological Society Bristol University’, 28 November. 1947-51 Notesfor talks to Part Il students, Cambridge. D.10 1950 ‘Lamarckism, Locusts and Lysenko’, for Cambridge Natural History Society Entomological Section, 2 March. ‘Hostspecificity of aphids’, Entomological Society, 3 May. ‘Direction of Desert Locust migration’, British Association, 5 September. D.11 1951 ‘Aphids as plant physiological indicators’ SEB (Botanists), 3 January. ‘The seductive particle’ for ‘Zoo Tea Party’, 19 October. 31pp. D.12 1952 ‘Physiological relations between aphids and plants’, Queen Mary College London, 1 February. ‘Insect behaviour in wind’ for ‘A.S.A.B.’, 27 February. ‘ARC Insecticides Meeting’, March. ‘Host finding and selection’ for ‘C.E.Z.A.’ 12 September. See photograph at J.22 D.13 1953 ‘Changeof host preference with changeof form in Aphis fabae’, for R. ent. Soc. meeting, 1 April. ‘Insect Flight Symposium’, August. ‘ls modern ethology objective?’ for A.S.A.B., 23 October. ‘Modernethologyas a subjectivist theory of animal behaviour’, manuscript draft for Kennedy’s paperfor Experimental Psychology Group, Cambridge. See B.23, B.27. ‘Cambridge Natural History Society’, 6 November. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 33 Lectures, papers, broadcasts 1955 ‘WYE’ [College Ashford Kent], 25 January. Phases, 21 July. D.15 1956 ‘Locomotory versus assimilatory behaviour in aphids’ for SEB, London, 6 January. ‘Zoo Tea Party’, 10 February. Ottawa, 23 September. D.16 1957 Talk for visit to Cambridge by British Council course on ‘Insecticides in Applied Entomology’, 2 July. 1958 ‘Phases in aphids’, for ‘A.C.R.C.’, 4 December. D.18 1959 ‘Ethology’, for ‘RAH Dinner speech’, 18 June. ‘Ethology Conference Cambridge’, 14 October. 1960 ‘Colour vision in plant finding by aphids’ for SEB, 6 January. ‘Bristol Zool. Soc.’ (on aphid behaviour), 25 January. ‘Natural experiments, or the future of insect natural history. Presidential Address to the Entomological Section of the Cambridge Natural History Society’, 24 February. ‘Ent. Soc. Colour vision’, 2 March. ‘Aphid Dispersal’. Lecture at Helsinki, 28 June. correspondence. Includes invitation and J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 34 Lectures, papers, broadcasts D.20 1961 ‘Eco-physiology of aphid dispersal’, Copenhagen 5 March. invitation and little correspondence. Includes ‘Continuous polymorphism in locusts’, for ‘RES Symposium’, London, 21-22 September. D.21 1963 ‘NAASVisit’, 23 May. ‘Zoo Tea Talk : Flight-settling Coordination in aphids’, 8 November. D.22 1964 ‘Intraspecific mechanisms in population regulation’, with M.J. Way, forXII International Congress of Entomology, 9 July. D.23 1965 ‘Behavioural ecology of aphids’, for Natural History Society Entomological Section, 11 February. ‘Release, priming and waning of behaviour patterns in aphids’, for ‘Ethological Conference Zurich’, 26 September. ‘Madingley seminar’, 10 November. D.24 1966 ‘Reciprocal innervation in aphid behaviour’, at Zoology Department Glasgow, 11 May. With little correspondence. ‘Zoo Tea Talk. More on behavioural coordination in aphids’, 21 October. ‘Reflex analysis of instinctive behaviour’, Brunel University Biology Society, 6 December. D.25 1967 Talk for Perse Girls’ School [Cambridge] Science Society 20 January. ‘Coordination of action patterns in an aphid’, Oxford, 23 May. ‘Neurophysiology Group Cambridge’, 27 May. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 35 Lectures, papers, broadcasts D.26 1968 ‘Integration of instinctive behaviour in aphids’, Southampton, 12 March (also at Reading Zoological Society, 28 January 1969). ‘Navigational aspects of responses to insect attractants’, Society of Chemical Industry Pesticides Group, 1 October. University of Durham Biological Society, 9 December (correspondence only). D.27 1969 ‘Orientation of locusts’, Wageningen (Netherlands), 2 June. D.28 1970 ‘Central integration of aphid behaviour’, Birmingham University Biological Society, 24 February. Civil Service Ecology Seminar, 10 November. D.29 1971 Association of Applied Biologists General Meeting on ‘The role of insect behaviour in pest control’, London, 12 March. ‘Integration of aphid behaviour’, Oxford, 10 May. Sussex University, 15 June. Correspondenceonly. ‘AAB at Silwood’, 18 June. D.30 1972 ‘Love life of aphids’, 14 February. ‘Changes of responsiveness in the patterning of behavioural sequences’, 14th International Congress of Entomology, Canberra, 23 August. D.31 1973 ‘Aphid migration, or how one thing leads to another’, Leeds, 15 January. With a little correspondence. ‘Insect migration’, Cambridge Natural History Society, 25 October. Ashurst [Silwood Park], n.d. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 36 Lectures, papers, broadcasts D.32 1974 ‘Anemotaxis’, Fort Collins, lowa, 24 October. ‘Early stages of host-finding in aphids’, 1974. D.33 1975 ‘Insect Migration’, Bangor, 6 February. ‘The emergence of behaviour’, Cardiff, 27 February. correspondence. With a little ‘Attraction and repulsion by chemicals’, Sussex, 9 December. D.34 1976 discriminating assays of ‘Behaviourally Association of Applied Biologists, 6 April. attractants and repellents’, ‘Vertical movements of flying aphids’, 15th International Congress of Entomology, Washington, 27 August. ‘Behavioural mechanismsof olfactory attraction’, Gainesville [Florida], 31 August. ‘Gainesville 2nd talk’, 2 September. ‘Current US effort September. in research and development’, Cambridge, 21 ‘Aphid behaviour - or how one thing leads to another’, Nottingham 27 January, Exeter, 24 November. Talk also given in lowa and Stanford 1974. With a little correspondence. D.35 1977 ‘Aphid migration or riding the wind without losing control’, University of East Anglia, Norwich, 10 February. ‘Behavioural components of pheromoneaction’, Rothamsted, 10 October. ‘“Fall-out” of migrant Aphis fabae’, Association of Applied Biologists, 15 December. D.36 1979 ‘Vertical movements... ’, East Lansing Michigan, 17 April. Includes part of Washingtontalk of August 1976 (D.34). J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 37 Lectures, papers, broadcasts D.37 1981 ‘Les médiateurs chimiques agissant sur le comportement desinsectes’, Versailles Symposium, 17 November. D.38 1984 ‘The saga of moth sex attraction’, Zoology Department Oxford, 2 May. Incorporating material used for seminars in America, November 1983. ‘Motivation and foraging’, Optimal Foraging Group Lunch Talk, Oxford, 7 November. D.39 1985 ‘Animal motivation : the beginning of the end’, Amherst, 14 May. (Spoken version of contribution to Perspectives in chemoreception and behaviour, New York 1987). Also Talk for Ethology and Neurophysiology Group, Sussex, 17 June. given at Conference 10 October and for 3rd-year lecture, Oxford, 6 November. D.40 1986 ‘Bun Shop’ [Cambridge] 18 November, with a manuscript note ‘Not delivered’. D.41 1987 ‘Entomology LunchTalk’, 9 February. ‘ls modern ethology objective?’, Madingley Lunch Talk, 14 October. BROADCASTS D.42 D.43 BBC Home Service, Science Survey, talk on ‘Locusts’, 31 October 1950. Contract, correspondence,script. BBC Third Programme, talk on ‘The migration of locusts’, recorded 5 The talk was December 1952 and also broadcast by Italian Radio. suggested to producer A. Clow by Kennedyonthebasis of generalinterest arousedbyhis article ‘Man against locust’, Discovery, January 1951. Contract, correspondence,scripts. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 38 Lectures, papers, broadcasts Notused. BBC Woman’s Hour, talk on ‘How muchdo we know about... migration of insects’, 23 March 1955. Correspondence,scripts. BBC Bush House Arabic Talks Unit. programme, 1956, 1957. Replies for ‘Question and Answer’ BBC HomeService, Science Review, short talk on ‘Colour vision in aphids’, 6 January 1960. Contract, script. BBC NetworkThree, The Animals’ World, short talk on ‘The Aphid’s world’, broadcast 25 May, repeated August 1960. Contract, correspondence, script. BBCThird Programme, talk on ‘Natural Experiments’ by Kennedy, followed by discussion between him and J.W.L. Beament, 28 January and 10 February 1961. Contract, correspondence, drafts and broadcast versions, notes for discussion, Audience Research Report on discussion. Shorter correspondence on proposed radio and TV programmes 1962- 1980. D.44 D.45 D.46 D.47 D.48 D.49 D.50 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 39 SECTION E PUBLICATIONS E.1-E.13 This section is relatively modest. Although Kennedy published extensively, and put his papers through many drafts, he did not regularly retain these after publication. The material does, however, include some shorter publications and reviewsnot listed in his bibliography. For other contacts by Kennedy with editors and publishing houses see H.98-H.136. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 40 Publications LECTURES AND PAPERS E.1 E.2 E.3 E.4 E.5 E.6 E.7 E.8 ‘The behaviourof the desert locust’. Heavily-corrected 5pp. draft, perhaps abstract for Kennedy’s major paperin Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 89, 385- 542, 1939. Letter to Editor, Nature, 1946. Notlisted in bibliography. Review of: Proceedings. In Science Progress 1963. Not listed in bibliography. Biological Transmission of Disease Agents, Symposium Correspondence 1963-1967 on collaborative article with M.J. Way, on regulation’, promised for ‘Intra-specific mechanisms in Biological Reviews. Perhaps not completed; not listed in bibliography. population Correspondenceand corrections to Kennedy’s contribution ‘Behaviour as physiology’ to Insects and Physiology, 1967. Correspondenceand drafts for twoarticles, ‘Grasshopper’ and ‘Locust’, for Areté publishing company 1979. Notlisted in bibliography. Draft and figures for collaborative paper with J.H. Choudhury on Latest ‘Maturation feeding in the bark beetle Scolytus Multistriatus’. reference 1980. Kennedy published a collaborative paper with Choudhury onflight direction in bark beetles (Physiol. Ent., 5, 1980) but no paperof the abovetitle is listed in the bibliography. Correspondence 1982-1989 on /nsect Pheromonesin Plant Protection(ed. Jutsom and Gordon), to which Kennedy contributed an assessment and a foreword. E.9-E.11 The new anthropomorphism (CUP 1992) E.9 E.10 Correspondence with Cambridge University Press 1977, 1990-1992, additions, negotiations, referees’ detailed comments, corrections and publishing arrangements and marketing, lists of reviewers. Reviews of published book anda little correspondencearising. Correspondence 1989-1990 with Oxford University Press who were also willing to publish the book. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 41 Publications E.12 E.13 Draft, notes and material for biographical memoir of A.D. Lees, undertaken 1992 by Kennedy for Royal Society but left unfinished at his death. Includes correspondence, tributes etc. Requests to write booksorarticles, reviews etc. Declined. 1950-1983. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 42 SECTION F SOCIETIES AND ORGANISATIONS F.1-F.32 F.1-F.10 ANTI-LLOCUST RESEARCH CENTRE (ALRC) CENTRE FOR OVERSEAS PEST RESEARCH (COPR) later F.11 ASSOCIATION OF APPLIED BIOLOGISTS F.12 F.13 F.14 COMMONWEALTHINSTITUTE OF ENTOMOLOGY MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD ROYAL ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON F.15-F.30 ROYAL SOCIETY F.31 F.32 SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY “VERRALL” ASSOCIATION OF ENTOMOLOGISTS Perhaps becauseof the primacy he accorded to research, Kennedy joined relatively few societies and organisations and kept his relations with them fairly firmly confined to professional matters Many of the papers in Section D were given at of publications, discussions and meetings. meetings of the organisations listed here. The correspondenceat F.1-F.10, though held by Kennedy under the name of the organisation Anti- Locust Research Centre, could be considered ‘scientific correspondence’ suchasthat for aphids (B.10-B.18). J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 43 Societies and organisations ANTI-LOCUST RESEARCH CENTRE(ALRC), later CENTRE FOR OVERSEAS PEST RESEARCH (COPR) F.1-F.7 Contents of Kennedy’s bulky folder labelled ‘ALRC - Director’. Correspondence and papers 1937-1983, exchanged with successive Directors (B.P. Uvarov, T.H.C. Taylor, P.T. Haskell) and other members of the staff, on aspects of organisation, research projects, papers and publications by Kennedy and by others, visits, meetings, discussions and conferences. Much of Kennedy’s early research and subsequent publications were on His major publication was ‘The migration of the Desert Locust’ locusts. (Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, 235, 1951) but he continuedhis interest, notably in phase transformation, throughout his career. 1937. Oneletter only, from Kennedy’s Sudanese guide. 1945-1946. Includes draft report on aircraft spraying against desert locust after trials in Kenya (1945). See J.5-J.8. 1947-1948. 1949-1951. 1952-1958. Publications and meetings. 1960-1966. terminology and on papers. Meetings and discussions, comments on locust phase Secondment of J.E. Moorhouse to work at Silwood Park 1967-1970. Imperial College (q.q.v.), Silver Jubilee of ALRC International Study Conference on Acridology. 1971-1983. Reorganisation and change of name to Centre for Overseas Pest Research (COPR), Kennedy’sinvitation to join Panel of Consultants (1974), collaboration with ARC Unit at Silwood Park. F.1 F.2 F.3 F.4 F.5 F.6 F.7 F.8-F.10 Contents of Kennedy’s folder labelled ‘ALRC General’. Correspondence and papers 1951-1977, exchanged with staff membersof ALRC/COPR and colleagues, including some reviews and discussions arising, comments on papers and drafts, notes of meetings, requests for information and reprints. There is some overlap with the material at F.1-F.7 above, but Kennedy’s apportionment has been respected. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 44 Societies and organisations 1947-1957. 1961-1969. comments on papers. Glossary of terms in desert locust research and control, 1974-1977. Comments on papers, meetings and material arising. F.8 F.9 F.10 ASSOCIATION OF APPLIED BIOLOGISTS F.114 Correspondence 1950-1970, on publications (in Ann. appl. Biol.) and meetings of the Association, includes invitation (declined) to accept nomination as President 1970. COMMONWEALTHINSTITUTE OF ENTOMOLOGY F.12 Correspondence and papers 1954-1961, mainly relating to Seventh Commonwealth Entomological Conference July 1960 with drafts etc. for Kennedy’s paper ‘The behavioural fitness of aphids as field vectors of viruses’ (Rep. Seventh Commonw.ent. Conf. London December 1960) and Kennedy’s collaborative publication with M.F. Day and V.F. Eastop A conspectus of aphids as vectors of plant viruses 1962. MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD F.13 Includes comments on Miscellaneous correspondence and papers. advisory terminology entomologists 1976 (Kennedy read his paper on pest controlin USA, see C.4). Conference pathology of of plant 1950, ROYAL ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY F.14 Correspondence and papers 1970-1988 onaffairs and publications of the Society; includes Kennedy’s election as Honorary Fellow 1974, Centenary reception 1985. ROYAL SOCIETY General correspondence F.15 Miscellaneous shorter correspondence. Various dates 1971-1980. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 45 Societies and organisations British National Committee for Biology Subcommittee on Biological Control The Subcommittee wasset up in 1970 following an international meeting convened in Amsterdam 17-19 November 1969 bythe International Union Society of the representative Subcommittee until 1977. Biological Sciences (IUBS). Kennedy was the Royal as Chairman of at the meeting, and served Material includes correspondence and papers, notes of discussions and telephonecalls, drafts etc. relating to the formation of the International Organisation for Biological Control (IOBC) and the West Palaearctic Regional Section. Preliminary meetings at Royal Society and July 1969 - August 1970. Amsterdam including Kennedy’s notes and report, and official report, arrangements for Subcommittee’s first meeting 11 March 1970 and for general discussion meeting 20 May 1970. September 1970 - August 1971. Subcommittee meeting 16 September, IUBS meeting October. 1977-1980. Kennedy’s resignation as Chairman (successor: F.G.H. Lupton), attendance at IOBC Assembly, Kyoto, August 1980 as Royal Society representative, including his notes and report. F.16 F.17 F.18 Sectional Committee 7 Kennedy served 1980-1983, having declined aninvitation in 1978 in order to pursue active research. F.19 1980-1983. Elections F.20 F.21 F.22 F.23 F.24 1968 1969 1971 1971-1972 1973-1974 F.25 1974-1976 F.26 F.27 F.28 F.29 F.30 1978 1980 1981-1982 1985 1986-1987 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 46 Societies and organisations SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY F.31 Annotated programme for SEB Fiftieth Anniversary Meeting Cambridge 1974, Kennedy’s election to Honorary Membership 1991. “VERRALL” ASSOCIATION OF ENTOMOLOGISTS F.32 Miscellaneous invitations to meetings, membership lists. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 47 SECTION G CORRESPONDENCE G.1-G.245 G.1-G.213 SCIENTIFIC AND GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE Correspondencewith individuals and organisations,in alphabetical order, dated and indexed, with an indication of any information of particular biographical, scientific or historical interest. G.214-G.239 SHORTER SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE In alphabetical order, indexed. G.240-G.245 UNINDEXED CORRESPONDENCE In chronological order. This extensive section provides in many ways the mostinformative and characteristic material of the whole collection. While remaining almost exclusively focussed on research into aspects of insect physiology and behaviour, many of the sequences are of considerable general and biographical interest. One of the most obvious features of the material is the length and detail of manyof theletters, four, six or eight single-spaced foolscap pages are not particularly those by Kennedy himself; uncommon. Towards the end of such a letter, Kennedy often explains that he has used the Many (not all) of his opportunity to ‘think aloud’ and clarify his own ideas as he wrote. correspondents would reply in kind, thus affording very detailed documentation of somepoint at issue. See G.174. In preparation for his replies, Kennedy might make manuscript notesordrafts, or add, in his fine pencilled hand, detailed comments in the margins of incoming letters, to which he might also append notes of telephone calls, conversations and contacts with others, action taken or proposed andthe like. Thus, even if no reply survives, it is possible to reconstruct his views. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 48 Correspondence Thoughthe tone of Kennedy’s letters is almost invariably open and friendly, there is no doubtthat He claimed, no doubt with truth, that he his style could seem combative or hyper-critical. welcomedstraightforward criticism of his own work, and he expected others to sharethis feeling. Certainly the meticulous analysis he brought to bear on research data and findings, expression, and especially on terminology (particularly, as the years went by, of animal motivation and ‘anthropomorphism’) must have been testing to his correspondents. Occasionally, offence was taken, though apparently unintended, and a correspondence would be discontinued temporarily or permanently. Many sequences, however, show Kennedyasboth disinterested and unusually concerned to dispel misunderstandings and avoid offence. When he felt he must send an unfavourable referee’s comment to a journal, he regularly sent a copy to the author (if personally known to him) to explain his reasons, often with detailed suggestionsto assist in the re-casting of the work. Of some biographical interest are the exchanges, some over a long time-span, with M. and N. Bates, D.L. Gunn, A. Milne and V.B. Wigglesworth. There are few political repercussions in these papers; the correspondence with D. Davenport shows Kennedy replying with dignity to shabby in 1975 he declined an invitation to examine a thesis from South Africa; treatment; correspondence with E.S. Sylvester (and elsewhere) refers to his being refused a US visa. Kennedy’s perhaps delayed entry to the Royal Society is referred to in the brief correspondence with N. Tinbergen. The ‘Shorter scientific correspondence’ at G.214-G.239 is shorter only in extent and time-span, consisting of but one or two exchanges. In content andtoneit is similar to the main sequencein its concern for accurate definition of terms, careful scrutiny of drafts or papers, and reference to research in hand. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 49 Correspondence SCIENTIFIC AND GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE G.1 A’Brook,J. 1962-1965 Rosette virus, aphid infestation in groundnuts. Career and appointments. G.2, G.3 Alexander, R.D. 1964, 1970, 1974 G.2 G.3 G.4 G.5 G.6 G.7 G.7 G.8 G9 Group selection, population-regulating behaviour in insects. Includes some discussion on political attitude and scientific objectivity, argued at length. Material on teaching of Zoologyat University of Michigan where Alexander worked. Alykhan, M.A. 1958-1960, 1972 Research and publications on black bean aphid. Arn, H. 1979, 1990 Includes comments by Kennedy on paper by Arn on ‘Zigzagflight’. Auclair, J.L. 1962-1963, 1972-1973 Correspondence 1972 Correspondence 1962-1963 on aphid nutrition. includes offer to Kennedy of post of Director of Biological Sciences, University of Montreal. Baker, T.C. and others 1979-1990 Baker, an American entomologist, was basedat the University of California at Riverside during the period of this correspondence, working principally on pheromones and insect olfactory behaviour. Includes drafts and comments on publications (often very detailed comments by Kennedy), telephone discussions, data and diagrams, plans for experiments,visits, career and appointments, and little personal news. 1979-1981. 1982 January-June. 1982 July-December. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 50 Correspondence G.10 G.11 G.12 G.13 1983-1985. 1986-1987. 1988-1990. Banks, C.J. 1958-1959 Research and publications on effects of ants on feeding and excretion of bean aphid. G.14 Barton Browne,L. 1966, 1972-1975 Visits and publications. G.15, G.16 Bates, M. and Bates, N. 1939-1966 Marston Bates (nicknamed in early letters ‘Bastard’) was an ecologist memberof the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation. He recruited Kennedy to work at the Foundation’s Malaria Research Laboratory in Albania and worked with him at Tirana until the laboratory wasclosed downaftertheItalian occupation at Easter 1939. Kennedyleft for England on 14 April. Bates and his wife Nancy stayed on into June to supervise the last stages of the work and safe removal of the staff’s effects. The material contains Bates’s last reports of the work of the laboratory April-May 1939, butis of interest for its biographical episodes, including wartime experiences, some political reflections, letters to the Bates from Kennedy’s first wife Dorothy (nicknamed ‘Toad’) and letter from him about their separation in 1942. There is also mention of the refusal of a US visa to Kennedy in 1964 which obliged him to cancel plans including a visit to the Bates. 1939-1942. 1945-1966. Bateson, P.P.G. 1970, 1987-1990 Correspondence 1970 on book review. Correspondence 1987-1992 on behaviourism, anthropomorphism, motivation, including notes for meetings and discussions, detailed comments and summaries of ideas and papers. Kennedy’s letter of 6 October 1987 refers to his ‘35-year-long, one-man In 1990 campaign against the anthropomorphism implicit in ethology’. Bateson was asked by CUP to provide an assessment of Kennedy’s proposed book The new anthropomorphism, and this led to further detailed discussions on the arguments of the book and on terminology; Kennedy’s letter of 17 December 1991 gives some account of his intellectual development on the subject. G.15 G.16 G.17 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 51 Correspondence G.18 Bell, W.J. 1983-1987 This is a continuation of correspondence begunwith Bell’s colleagueat the University of Kansas, T.R. Tobin (see G.185) on pheromones,with special reference to Kennedy’s paper ‘Zigzagging and casting as a programmed response to wind-borne odour: a review’ (Physiol. Ent. 8, 1983). The exchanges with Tobin became somewhatacrimonious; the continuation with friendly though continuing to discuss differences of interpretation (Kennedy’s letter of 24 August 1984refers to ‘my notorious concern with terminology’). Material also includes correspondence about new Journal of Insect Behavior, edited by Bell. Bell is G.19 G.20 Benjamin, P.R. 1984-1986 Binns, E.S. various dates 1961-1982 Kennedy wasBinns’s supervisor at Cambridge for work on ‘host finding in aphids’. Correspondenceincludes research reports, publications (carefully edited by Kennedy), career and appointments and a little personal material. G.21 Birch, M.C. 1976-1985 Research projects, grant applications and reports, a little personal material. G.22 Bornbusch, A.H. 1987 Klinotaxis. G.23 Bradley, R.H.E. 1959-1960 Loss of virus from aphid stylet tips. G.24 Brady, J.N. 1968-1990 Brady wasa long-term colleague who joined Kennedy at Silwood Park to work on the tsetse fly project funded by the Overseas Development Administration (see C.7-C.10, C.12). Material includes appointment arrangements, salary and promotions, appointmentof other team members, reports on overseasvisits, research Also little material on reports and papers, comments by Kennedy. Physiological Entomology of which Brady and Kennedy wereeditors until 1982 whenthe editorship was handed on to M.C. Birch. There is also a little general material on Imperial College affairs. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 52 Correspondence G.25 Broadbent, L. 1946-1967 Research, publications, including detailed comments by Kennedyondraft papers by Broadbent, and some by Broadbent on Kennedy’s paper‘Aphid migration and the spread of plant viruses’ (Nature, 165, 1950), topics and speakers for aphid conferences. G.26 Broughton, W.B. 1965, 1971-1974 Correspondence 1965 is on song change in grasshoppers. correspondenceis on conferences and meetings. Later G.27 Browning,T.O. various dates 1951-1992 Researchin Australia, affairs of ICIPE, a little biographical material. G.28 Bursell, E. various dates 1969-1984 Includes comments by Kennedy on a draft paper by Bursell. G.29 Butler, C.G. 1971 Entomology at Rothamsted Experimental Station. G.30 Buxton, P.A. and others 1938-1941 Buxton was Head of the Department of Entomology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, where Kennedy workedfora time in 1938 and, with C.B. Williams, examined Kennedy’s Ph.D. thesis. The early correspondence dates from Kennedy’s period in Albania and includes somereflections on the laboratory there. Buxton’s letter of 23 November 1938refers to Kennedy’s writing style as ‘this dreadful, abstract, sham German tongue that you seem to find easy’ and includes a parody (apparently by C.B. Williams) written in a ‘farcically Behaviourist style’. Kennedyrefers to this episode in his autobiographicalnotes (see A.1). The correspondencealso refers to the publication, supervised by Buxton in Kennedy’s absence, of his early papers on the Desert Locust (1939) and on the visual responsesof flying mosquitoes (1940). G.31 Caldwell, R.L. 1968-1984 Caldwell worked at Silwood Park on a Postdoctoral Fellowship of the US National Science Foundation. Includes research plans and arrangements, Kennedy’s notes for Caldwell’s research programme,and a note by him on ‘Juvenile hormone’, career and appointments. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 53 Correspondence G.32-G.35 Cardé,R.T. 1976-1991 For the period of this correspondence, Cardé was working at the Universities of Michigan (1975-1981) and Massachusetts. Includes material on research and publications (mainly on pheromones), mutualvisits, career and recommendations.A little personal and political material is included. G.32 G.33 G.34 G.35 G.36 1976-1979. 1980-1983. 1983-1986. 1987-1991. Carthy, J.D. various dates 1951-1969 Includes comments by Kennedy on publications by Carthy, and a letter 27 February 1964 on scientific priority on ‘klinokinesis’ and his unfortunate experience with D. Davenport(q.v.). G.37 Casas, J. 1986-1987 Discussion and comments on Casas’s work on ‘leafminer parasitoids’. G.38 Chambers, D.L. and others 1975-1981 Mainly on Kennedy’s visit to Chambers’s US Department of Agriculture Research Service Laboratory at Gainesville Florida as consultant (and his report on the laboratory) 1976, and visit by Chambers’s colleague N.C. Leppla (q.v.) to Kennedy’s laboratory 1977. See G.108. See also D.34 G.39 Chandler, A.E.F. 1967-1971 Mainly comments by Kennedy on paper by Chandler on syrphid larvae. G.40, G.41 Chapman, R.F. and Bernays, E.A. various dates 1970-1972 Research at Anti-Locust Research Centre, reports on research, career and appointments. G.40 1970-1982. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 54 Correspondence G.41 G.42 1983-1992. Chiang, H.C. 1955-1958, 1965 Includes Kennedy’s notes on Chiang’s work with him in Cambridge. G.43 Choudhury,J.H. 1976-1980, 1985 Choudhury was a doctoral student of Kennedy at Silwood Park, later returning to Bangladesh. Material includes programme of work, funding difficulties, publication of joint paper onflight direction by bark beetles (Physiol. Ent. 5, 1980). See also E.7. G.44 G.45 G.46 Clark, L.R. Clements, A.N. Davenport, D. 1950-1952, 1966-1970 1985-1992 1958-1969 Correspondence on ethology and adaptation, klinokinesis. Davenport and Kennedy envisagedjoint work and publication and engaged In 1960, however, in detailed and friendly correspondence (1959). Davenport abruptly cancelled the plan and decided to publish with two American colleagues, on the grounds of Kennedy’s ‘admitted political affiliation’. Kennedy alwaysfelt that he had been unjustly treated by Davenport and refers to the episode several times elsewhere in correspondence. G.47-G.49 David, C.T. and others 1969-1988 David was a doctoral student of Kennedy at Imperial College 1969-1972; after a period of work at the University of California at Berkeley, he rejoined the ARC Group at Silwood Park as a Research Assistant from January 1976, later Research Fellow. Material includes notes and reports of various stages of doctoral and ARC work, grant applications and research reports, career and appointments. G.47 G.48 1969-1975. 1976-1982. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 55 G.49 G.50 Correspondence 1983-1988. Dawkins, M.S. 1985-1991 Correspondence, memoranda and notes on motivation, including notesetc. on meetings in Zoology Department Oxford. G.51 Dawkins, R. 1980-1992 Includes correspondence 1982 on Dawkins’s book The Extended Phenotype and press comment, manuscript note by Kennedy on ‘Sociobiology and racialism’. G.52 Dethier, V.G. various dates 1951-1992 Includes a little material on the Research on aphids, motivation. Symposium to honour Dethier 1985, when Kennedy gave his paper on ‘Animal motivation : the beginning of the end?’ into which, he said ‘I put also some discussions on everything | had’ (letter of 8 June 1985); Kennedy’s book. For photographs taken at the Symposium, see J.30. G.53 Dienske, H. and others Possible experiment on self-awareness in chimpanzees. G.54-G.57 Dingle, H. and others 1986-1987 1959-1990 Dingle worked for a year 1962-1963 with Kennedy in Cambridge, on a post-doctoral Fellowship from the US National Science Foundation, returning to appointments in US at the Universities of Michigan, lowa and California at Davis, working mainly on insect migration. Material includes notes and discussions on research, drafts and comments on papers by Dingle and by Kennedy, research programmes, grant applications and evaluations, career and appointments. G.54 G.55 G.56 G.57 1959-1963. 1964-1965. Includes reference to Kennedy’s move from Cambridge to 1966-1969. Silwood Park, and the setting-up of ICIPE where Dingle spent 1969-1970. 1970-1990. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 56 Correspondence G.58 Dixon, A.F.G. various dates 1959-1975, 1981 Research, publications, comments, grant applications mainly on sycamore aphid biology. G.59 Downes, A. 1952 Includes comments by Kennedy on manuscript report by Downes on work on mosquito swarms. G.60 G.61 G.62 Eastop, V.F. 1966-1975 Research, career and recommendations. Edwards, J.S. 1966-1970, 1991 Ellis, P.E. various dates 1950-1962 Research on marching behaviour of locusts (includes extensive comments by Kennedy onEllis’s research findings). Notall Ellis’s letters are dated. G.63 Elton, C.S. 1969 Brief correspondence, on environmental control. G.64 El-Ziady, S. 1954-1963, 1970 Research data, drafts for joint publication resulting from period of work by El-Ziady in Kennedy’s laboratory at Cambridge, ‘Beneficial effects of the common Garden Ant on the Black Bean Aphid’ (Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 31, 1956). Correspondence 1970 concerns offer to Kennedy of Visiting Professorship at Kuwait University (declined). G.65 Foster, W.A. 1969-1970 Proposedcollaborative work on tsetse neuroendocrines. G.66 Fraenkel, G.S. various dates 1948-1964 Kennedy worked under Fraenkel 1933-34 for an M.Sc. at UCL. Mainly copies of Kennedy’sletters. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 57 Correspondence G.67 Gallup, G.G. 1984-1992 Self-awareness in animals, with special reference to ‘mirror-reactions’ in monkeys. Neo-anthropomorphism. Includes detailed accounts by Kennedy of the history and development of his and others’ ideas on animal behaviour, motivation etc. and of possible test experiments. G.68 Gatehouse, A.G. 1971, 1975, 1984-1988 Includes comments and discussions on drafts of papers by Gatehouse, on migration. G.69 G.70 G.71 G.72 Gillett, J.D. 1979, 1985-1989 Gillett, S.D. (later Hogarth) 1966-1968, 1977 Work on locusts. Gillies, M.T. 1969-1979 Work on mosquitoes. Includes comments by Kennedy on draft paper. Goodwin, B. Genetics and evolution. 1988 G.73 Graham, K. . 1962-1965 G.74-G.78 Gunn, D.L. and others 1937-1983 Gunn was Kennedy’s supervisor for his Ph.D. at Birmingham when he was working on ‘the reactions of locusts to temperature and humidity’ with funding from the Imperial Institute of Entomology arranged by B.P. Uvarov. Kennedy published a collaborative paper with Gunn and D.P. Pielou ‘Classification of taxes and kineses’, Nature, 140, 1937. The material is very copious for the early years, partly because of Kennedy’s periods in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1937) and Albania (1938- 1939). The intense, almost daily exchangesofnotes, letters and drafts at certain times also reflect Kennedy’s meticulous preoccupation with terminology and definitions including klinokinesis which continued to preoccupy him. See B.32 A little personal correspondence on career and appointments is also included. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 58 Correspondence G.74 G.75 G.76 G.77 G.78 G.79 1937. Mainly notes and drafts for collaborative paper. 1938-1939. Includes letters from Albania on work and conditions. 1939-1946. Includes drafts and comments. 1951-1978. Includes substantial comments by Kennedy on Gunn’s commissioned article on locust control 1959 and letter May 1964 on his move from Cambridge. 1980-1983. Hardie, R.J. 1982, 1987-1992 Research, publication, career. annotated by Kennedy,on ‘spectral sensitivity’. Includes draft manuscript by Hardie, G.80 Henson, W.R. 1965 Design of flight chamber, recommendation. G.81 Hille Ris Lambers, D. various dates 1953-1974 in aphid research. Various factors Includes extensive comments (unfavourable) by Hille Ris Lambers on Kennedy’s and H.L.G. Stroyan’s review Biology of aphids and responses by Kennedy. Also comments on Conspectus of aphids as vectors of plant viruses, by Kennedy, M.F. Day and V.F. Eastop, 1962. G.82, G.83 Hinde, R.A. 1968-1992 G.82 G.83 G.84 Research meetings and publications on animal behaviour. 1968-1969. Includes some material on setting-up of MRC Unit on Behaviour at Cambridge. For a photograph of a meeting 1969, see J.27. 1970-1992. Tinbergen, manuscript by Hinde on nuclearproliferation. Ethology, motivation, comments on work of Lorenz and Hinton, H.E. 1959-1977 Minor exchanges on various topics. Includes obituary tributes to Hinton after his death in 1977, by Kennedy and others, and recollections sent by Kennedyto G. Salt for his Royal Society Memoir of Hinton. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 59 Correspondence G.85 Howse, P.E. and others 1968-1983 Research and publications, grant applications, laboratory visits. G.86 Huber,F. various dates 1968-1987 Later correspondenceis on motivation, which Huberrefers to as Kennedy’s ‘hobby-horse’. G.87 G.88 G.89 G.90 Ilse, D. International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology(ICIPE), Nairobi 1946-1948 1991-1992 Mainly on formation of the ‘Friends’ of ICIPE, organisation and financing of Centre. Includesa little background information. itd, Y. Jermy,T. various dates 1953-1981 1977-1988 Invitations to Kennedy to visit Research Institute for Plant Protection, Budapest, comments on draft paper. G.91 Johnson, A.W. 1970-1976 Visits and exchanges of information with Johnson’s ARC Unit of Invertebrate Chemistry and Physiology at University of Sussex. G.92 Johnson, B. 1952-1972 Johnson worked at Rothamsted Experimental Station for a doctorate (examined by Kennedy) before returning to Australia and Tasmania. Research and publications on aphids. G.93-G.96 Johnson, C.G. 1945-1973, 1983 Johnsonwasa long-term friend of Kennedy, working at Rothamsted where he became Head of Entomology in 1961. Material deals with research on aphids, locusts, migration etc. and includes detailed comments and discussion by Kennedy on draft papers by Johnson. Not all Johnson’s letters are dated. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 60 G.93 G.94 G.95 G.96 Correspondence 1945-1952. 1953-1955. 1956-1963. Includes some disagreement about migration. Includes discussion of research programme at 1966-1973, 1983. Rothamsted. Johnson’slastletter, of July 1983, comments unfavourably on the election of Mrs (later Baroness) Thatcher to the Royal Society. G.97 Jones, M.D.R. 1964-1982 Research on‘chirping’, excitation and inhibition, publications, career and appointments. G.98 Kacelnik,A. Anthropomorphism, ‘foraging’, terminology. G.99 Kay, R.H. 1991-1992 1975-1979 Kay worked for an M.Sc. at Silwood Park under Kennedy’s supervision. Includes Kennedy’s notes for Kay’s research programme, career and appointments. G.100 Kennedy,D. 1963-1975 Also Discussion on excitation, includes Kennedy’stribute to Donald M. Wilson, a colleague of D. Kennedy at Stanford, accidentally drowned 1970. ‘post-inhibitory rebound’. inhibition, G.101 Key, K.L.H. ‘Phases’ in locust swarming, terminology. G.102 Keyserlingk, H.C. von 1948-1953 1974-1984 Keyserlingk was an M.Sc. student of Kennedyat Imperial College, returning to the Free University Berlin from 1975. Research on Dutch Elm beetle, career and appointments. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 61 Correspondence G.103 Kraan, C. van der 1981-1982 Work on wind-tunnel, moth pheromones. G.104 Kramer, E. and others 1975-1976, 1981-1984 Notes, correspondence, visits, discussion notes, corrected drafts and extensive comments by Kennedy on work by Kramer on honeybee, moths and walking insects. G.105 Labeyrie, V. various dates 1975-1989 Labeyrie was director of the Institut de Biocénotique Expérimentale des Agrosystémes, Université Frangois-Rabelais, Tours (later at Pau). Examinations, conferences. ‘Table Ronde’ on Host Finding. Includes Kennedy’s Chairman’s notes for a G.106 Lamb,K.P. 1952-1966 Lamb, a New Zealand entomologist, was a doctoral student of Kennedy at Cambridge. Kennedy declined atfirst to accept any supervising fees for him because of the inadequate financial resources available to him from the New Zealand authorities. Includes arrangements for work and funding in Cambridge, notes and comments on Lamb’s thesis and subsequent correspondence, drafts and comments on Kennedy’s collaborative paper with Lamb and C.O. Booth ‘Responses of Aphis fabae to water shortage in host plants’ (Ent. exp. appl. 1, 1958). G.107 Laughlin, R. 1969, 1973-1976 Flight chamber. G.108 Leppla, N.C. 1977-1979 Visit to Kennedy’s laboratory, and report on work and personnel at Silwood Park. See G.38. G.109 Lewis,T. 1975-1983 Lewis was Head of Entomology Department, Rothamsted Experimental Station, from 1977i.e. during much of the period of this correspondence. Memoranda, notes, drafts, extensive discussion notes and correspondence on work, especially on pheromones,at Rothamsted and SilwoodPark, with reference to possible overlap of interests, priority and future plans. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 62 Correspondence G.110-G.112 Ludlow, A.R. 1971-1987 Ludlow joined the ARC Insect Physiology Group at Silwood Park as an Experimental Officer in 1968, acting originally as research assistant to Kennedy, but developing a strong independent career especially in statistical and computational techniques. He and Kennedy published many collaborative papers 1974-1987. 1971. Early work oninhibition. Drafts etc., annotated by Kennedy. 1973-1975. Kennedy. Research programme, thesis and paper, annotated by 1976-1987. Drafts, comments, Ph.D. arrangements, appointments. McFarland, D. 1985-1990 Detailed notes, discussions and comments on drafts and publications by McFarland on motivation and anthropomorphism. G.110 G.111 G.112 G.113 G.114 Madge,P.E. 1954-1964 Madge held a Postdoctoral Fellowship at Cambridge 1960-1961. Includes report on work. G.115 Malcolm, S. Migration. G.116 Manning, A.W.G. Motivation, rebound,reflexes. 1985-1986 1987-1989 Correspondence 1987 refers to Manning’s obituary of N. Tinbergen and Kennedy’s contacts with him. G.117 Marsh, D. 1968-1978 Marsh cameto the ARC Group at Silwood Park in 1968 to work for a Ph.D. under A.D. Lees. He subsequently worked as a Research Assistant on an ARC grant under Kennedy’s supervision, to 1976. Career and appointments. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 63 Correspondence G.118 Mamamorosch, K. 1959-1966 ‘Friendly viruses’, vectors. G.119 Mattingley, P.F. 1961-1968 Conferences. G.120 May, R.M. 1971-1972, 1984, 1987 Includes comments by May on Kennedy’s paper‘Migration, behavioral and ecological’, 1985. G.121 Miles, P.W. Grants, research programmes, appointments. G.122 Miller, J.R. Visits, publications. 1967-1970 1978-1982 G.123 Miller, P.L. various dates 1967-1974 Comments on publications, reflex analysis. G.124-G.128 Milne, A. and others 1950-1969, 1982-1984 Milne worked at the ARC Unit of Insect Physiology, University of Durham School of Agriculture. and Includes some extensive, controversies on scientific theories, in particular on population dynamics to have been and Milne’s misunderstood and inadequately recognised. theory thereof, which he considered exchanges sometimes combative, Some personal correspondenceis also included. 1950-1953. 1958-1961. Detailed discussion on population dynamics and migration. 1962-1963. Similar. 1965-1969. Scientific polemics. Some autobiographical material. G.124 G.125 G.126 G.127 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 64 G.128 G.129 Correspondence 1982-1984. Similar. Milthorpe,F.L. 1957-1958 Notes, drafts, correspondence on seed maturity and other problemsin potato research. Includes comments by Milthorpe on draft paper by Kennedy on ‘Water relations of leaves from woody and herbaceous plants’ (Nature, 181, 1958). G.130 Minks, A.K. 1976-1983 Research,visits, meetings, publications on insect pheromones. G.131 Mittler, T.E. and others 1950-1974 Kennedy wasan examinerfor Mittler’s Ph.D. thesis at Cambridge (on aphid feeding). Includes report on thesis, research plans,visits, publications, career and appointments. G.132 Moericke, V. 1951-1966, 1977-1978 Colour vision and host finding in aphids. Kennedy’s letter of 8 January 1959 discusses concepts of vitalism and materialism in biological research. Moericke’s letters usually in German. G.133 Moore, I. 1983-1986 Mainly detailed comments and suggestions by Kennedyondrafts of paper by Moore on pheromones. G.134-G.138 Moorhouse, J.E. and others 1965-1987 Moorhouse was working at the Anti-Locust Research Centre (q.v.) in London when Kennedy submitted a proposalfor a period of part-time work at the Centre to enable him (Kennedy) to obtain technical experience for research in locust response to wind-borne odour. This developed into a long-term collaborative project and publications with Moorhouse. After a period (1967-1969) in Australia, Moorhouse worked with the ARC Group at Silwood Park on secondment from the Overseas Development Administration (ODA) from 1970-1975, the maximum period allowed for J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 65 Correspondence G.134 G.135 G.136 G.137 G.138 G.139 secondment. Thereafter he was ‘on detached duty’ 1975-1977 and then on attachment as a permanent replacement for Kennedy as‘officer-in- charge’. In 1987 he movedto Reading University. 1965-1967. Includes Kennedy’s proposal for part-time working at ALRC, correspondence, costings etc. for equipment at Silwood Park laboratory, outlines for papers. 1968-1969. Includes comments by Kennedy on Moorhouse’s thesis, and on draft papers. 1970-1977. Moorhouse’s secondment to ARC Group Silwood Park and renewals, administrative and financial arrangements, accommodation for research, plans and progress. Annual reports on project 1972-1976. Correspondence, research and publications 1981-1987. Mound, L.A. 1960 Colour sensitivity in aphids, with reference to the work of V. Moericke (q.v.). G.140 Miller, H.J. 1958-1960 Aphid alighting behaviour. Miuller’s letters are in German. G.141 Nakamuta, K. 1986 Comments by Kennedy on paper by Nakamuta on ‘area-concentrated search’. G.142 Newth, D.R. various dates 1961-1975 Incoming letters from Newth only. Includes offer by Newth of research space at Glasgow for Kennedy's retirement. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 66 Correspondence G.143 Odhiambo, T.R. 1966-1980 Early correspondence is on Odhiambo’s research on locusts and his university career at Nairobi. Later correspondence and material relate to the setting-up andaffairs of ICIPE (q.v.) of which OdhiambowasDirector. Kennedy attended the Planning Conference with H.C. Pereira as Royal Society delegate in 1969, was a memberof the Governing Board of ICIPE and wasinvited to becomeDirector of Research in the Section of Insect Ecology and Genetics and to serve as External Examinerforits B.Sc. (both declined). G.144 Painter, R.H. Aphid resistancein plants. G.145 Pantin, C.F.A. and others 1956-1959 1961-1962 Correspondence, memorandaetc. on the Report to the General Board, Cambridge University, of the Committee on the Natural Sciences Tripos. G.146 Pereira, H.C. Affairs of ICIPE (q.v.). G.147 G.148 Phipps,J. Popov, G. 1970-1971 1961-1963 1946, 1990, 1992 Correspondence 1990 includes comments by Kennedy on the memorial article on Uvarovin Ann. Rev. Entomol., 1990, by Popov and N. Waloff, and includes a letter from her. See G.189. G.149 Pouzat, J. 1979-1980 Work by Pouzat on locomotoractivity in bean weevil. Includes comments by Kennedy on draft paper. G.150 Pringle, J.W.S. Correspondence 1974 includes Kennedy’s account of experience’. 1974-1976 his ‘wartime Correspondence 1976 is on army-worm researchat ICIPE and elsewhere. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 67 Correspondence G.151 Prokopy, R.J. 1976-1986 Research, visits, career and recommendations. Includes correspondence abouta retirement volume for V. Moericke (q.v.). G.152, G.153 Rainey, R.C. and others various dates 1939-1991 Kennedyfirst met Rainey in 1937 at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. In 1945, when Rainey wasonleave from workin Africa on meteorological studies of insect flight, Kennedy introduced him to D.L. Gunn. Consequently, Rainey took up a post at the Anti-Locust Research Centre based in Nairobi and (1958-1978) in UK, working on locust migration, army-worm, bollworm and other insect pests with special reference to atmospheric environment. Correspondenceis on various topics, often at several years’ interval, and includes comments often extensive and combative on draft and published papers, reviews, discussion meetings, also recollections of Rainey contributed by Kennedy to the Royal Society Memoir by R.J.V. Joyce (38, 1992). G.152 G.153 G.154 1939-1965. 1975-1991. Rankin, M.A. Research, conferences. 1974-1986 G.155 Roeder, K.D. n.d.(?1960), 1967-1972 Research, discussions and publications on feedback and behaviour. Includes comments by Kennedy on Roeder’s paper on feedback. Kennedy’s letter of 10 November 1970 describes and analyses his view of the influence of Lorenz. G.156 Roelofs, W.L. 1976-1977, 1983 Wind-tunnel design, visits and discussions, comments on publications. For photographs of the wind-tunnel apparatus, see J.19. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 68 Correspondence G.157, G.158 Roper, T.J. 1984-1988 Mainly on post-inhibitory rebound and displacementactivities, Kennedy’s publication on the subject ‘Displacement activities and post-inhibitory rebound’ (Anim. referees’ comments, ethological theories. 33, 1985 including Behav.) G.157 G.158 G.159 1984-1985. 1986-1988. Rothschild, M.L. 1969, 1978, 1985 Brief correspondenceonly. G.160 Sabelis, M.W. ‘Searching’ and ‘foraging’ strategies. G.161, G.162 Sanders, C.J. 1984 1976-1982 Sanders, a Canadian forest entomologist, worked with Kennedy at Silwood Park September 1977 - September 1978. Correspondence, notes, data, drafts etc. for two collaborative papers, published 1981 and 1982, on guidance systems for pheromoneorientation in moths. G.161 G.162 G.163 1976-1979. 1980-1982 Schaef, G.,W. and others various dates 1969-1979 Radar studies of locust migration and pest control. G.164 Schneider, D. 1977-1981 Schneider’s letter of 28 October 1977 refers to Kennedy’s acceptanceof membership of the Advisory Group at Max-PlanckInstitute of Invertebrate Physiology, Seewiesen; Kennedy’s notes taken at meeting of Advisory Group November 1977 are included. He resigned fromill-health in 1979. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 69 Correspondence G.165 Schneirla, T.C. various dates 1946-1969 Mainly research and publications on locusts. G.166 Not used. G.167, G.168 Schone, H. 1971-1984 Extensive comments and discussions, mainly on papers and book by Also Schéne on orientation, sent to Kennedy for detailed comment. includes review by Kennedy of English edition of book 1984. G.167 G.168 G.169 1971-1976. 1977-1984. Shorey, H.H. 1968, 1972-1977 Includes comments by Shorey on early version of paper by Kennedy and D. Marsh ‘Pheromone-regulated anemotaxis in flying moths’ (Science, 184, 1974). G.170 Slifer, E.H. Light-sensitivity of aphid antennae. G.171 Smart, A.D. 1961-1962 1974-1980 Smart was a Ph.D. student of Kennedyat Silwood Park, funded by an SRC studentship, working on orientation reactions. He was appointed to the ARC Group in 1977 but did not take up the appointment. Includes arrangements, career and recommendations. notes and research reports, grant application, degree G.172 Solomon, M.E. 1954, 1958, 1968-1970 Mainly career and recommendations. G.173 Southwood, T.R.E. various dates 1960-1987 Includes correspondence and comments 1960 on a paper on migration by Southwood, and 1972 on a proposalfor an ‘Environmental “Think-Tank”’, miscellaneous correspondence on Kennedy’s move to Department of Zoology Oxford 1982. Not all Southwood’s letters dated. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 70 Correspondence G.174 Stroyan, H.L.G. various dates 1957-1965 Mainly detailed and extensive drafts, discussions and comments on collaborative paper by Kennedy and Stroyan‘Biology of aphids’ (Ann.Rev. Ent., 3, 1959. The review article was commissioned for 4000 words. Several of the letters in these exchanges (at certain periods almost daily) approach or exceed thatlimit. Sutherland, O.R.W. various dates 1970-1979 Sylvester, E.S. 1963-1964 Correspondenceetc. on seminar organised at Berkeley at which Kennedy This was the occasion when he wasrefused a US visa, was to speak. frequently referred to in correspondenceofthis date. G.175 G.176 G.177 Tambs-Lyche, H. 1952, 1957 Aphid research in Cambridge, collaborative paper with Kennedy on aphid resistance in field beans published in Ent. exp. appl., 1, 1958. G.178 Taylor, C.E. 1953-1965 Taylor worked on aphid infestation on potatoes and beans. Kennedy was his External Examinerfor his Ph.D. Research, career and appointments. G.179-G.181 Taylor, L.R. 1957-1987 Taylor worked at Rothamsted Experimental Station. Material includes detailed exchanges of views and comments on draft papers, on aphid flight and behaviour 1957-1958, orientation and deposition 1973-1974, density-dependent mortality 1977-1978, and other less continuous exchanges on publications and theories. Someof the later material deals with papers etc. submitted to the Journal of Animal Ecology, of which Taylor was an editor. G.179 G.180 G.181 1957-1963, 1970-1974. 1976-1978. 1980-1987. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 71 Correspondence G.182 Terrace, H.S. 1984-1985 Includesa little correspondence on Kennedy’s letter on animal motivation published in Antenna, 9, 1985. G.183 Thresh, J.M. 1964-1965, 1983 Gall mites on black currant 1964-1965, luteoviruses 1983. For photographs, see J.20. G.184 Tinbergen, N. 1965, 1986 Correspondence 1965 is an exchangeofletters on Kennedy’s election to the Royal Society. In his letter of congratulation, Tinbergen admits that he had previously not supported Kennedy’s candidature because of what he saw as Kennedy’s ‘ideological-political convictions’ which he thought colouredhis scientific attitude, but, having changed his views, had ‘made sure this was knownin the relevant quarters’. Kennedy’s generousreply describes Tinbergen’s franknessas ‘like a dam breaking’. This episode meant much to Kennedy. He quotes Tinbergen’sletterin his autobiographical notes (A.1) and refers to it in other correspondence. It should be noted that the letter here is a photocopy. Theoriginalis not in the collection. Tinbergen’s letter of 1986 describes his health and current workonautistic children. G.185 Tobin, W.R. 1981-1983 G.186 G.187 The correspondence, on insect orientation systems, includes detailed, sometimes combative, exchanges and was continued by W.J. Bell (see G.18). Treherne, J.E. various dates 1970-1989 Urban, A.J. 1975-1981 Urban, a South African entomologist, worked with Kennedy at Silwood Park as a post-doctoral student for a year 1976-1977, working on colour vision in flying aphids. Kennedy had been asked in 1975 to act as an external examiner on Urban’s Ph.D. thesis, but had declined on political grounds, explaining his views in correspondence (included here) with V.C. Moran at Rhodes University. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 72 Correspondence G.188 Waage,J.K. 1977-1983 Research plans, work at Silwood Park, recommendations. G.189 Waloff, Z. 1940, 1968-1988 Waloff worked onlocusts, at the Imperial Institute of Entomologyandlater at the Anti-Locust Research Centre. Correspondence, mainly comments ondraft papers. Correspondence 1988 is on the tribute to the work of B.P. Uvarov, by G. Popov(q.v.) and Nadia Waloff (Zena Waloff’s sister). See G.148. G.190 Walters, K.F.A. 1979-1983 Walters worked under Kennedy’s supervision for several monthsat Silwood Park as part of his doctorate, for which Kennedy wasalso his External Examiner. Research, career and appointments. G.191 Waterhouse, D.F. 1967-1972 Waterhouse wasChief of the Entomology Division, CSIRO Canberra. Research, affairs of ICIPE, Kennedy’s notes at International Congress of Entomology 1972. G.192 Way, M.J. 1956-1988 After working at Rothamsted Experimental Station, Way spent his career at Silwood Park, eventually becoming Director of the ARC Group andlater Chairman of the Silwood Centre for Pest Management. Material relates to research, Association of Applied Biologists’ meetings, Kennedy’s moveto Silwood Park, future of ARC Group. G.193 Weatherley, P.E. 1956-1961, 1973 Includes detailed discussions 1956-1958 on Tuberolachnus and plant-water relations. G.194 Weis-Fogh, T. 1960, 1965-1966 of Zoology at Weis-Fogh succeeded Wigglesworth Cambridge. Correspondence is mainly on the fate of the ARC Unit of Insect Physiology and Kennedy’s future position. Professor as Includes memoranda by Kennedy on his plans and preferences. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 73 Correspondence G.195 G.196 Wellington, W.G. 1956-1957, 1966, 1974 Wensler, R.J.D. 1960-1977 Kennedy was Wensler’s supervisor for her Ph.D. at Cambridge from October 1959, on host plant selection by aphids. Grants, reports, career and appointments. G.197 Whitaker, M. 1967 Whitaker was a ‘Sandwich Assistant’ to Kennedy in Cambridge April- September 1967, working on wing dimorphism. Includes report on work. G.198 White, P.R. various dates 1983-1992 White was a ResearchAssistant at Silwood Park 1983-1986 on a bioassay project sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. G.199-G.203 Wigglesworth, V.B. 1942-1986 Wigglesworth and Kennedy met in 1938 when Kennedy held a one-year studentship at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, where Wigglesworth was Reader. Kennedywrites in his autobiographical notes In 1943, when that Wigglesworth was at that time his ‘scientific hero’. Kennedy was abroad with the Middle East Anti-Locust Unit, Wigglesworth wrote to enquire whether he would be interested in work with the proposed new ARC Unit of Insect Physiology which was set up in Cambridge following Wigglesworth’s appointment as Reader in the Department of Zoology (later Quick Professor). Kennedy achieved most of his important work at the Field Station of the Unit, which remained in being until Wigglesworth’s retirement in 1967. The dissolution of the Unit, and transference of its membersto other locations, caused Kennedy much anxiety, reflected in his dealings with Wigglesworthat that time as well as elsewherein the collection. Throughout their long association, Wigglesworth and Kennedy addressed each other by surname. Only in reply to a letter of condolence on his wife’s death in 1986 does Wigglesworth use the familiar ‘Dear John’. G.199 G.200 1942-1946. Kennedy’s appointment to ARC Unit, arrangementsetc. 1947-1967. General correspondence,reports etc. on workat Field Station, paper by Kennedyfor Wigglesworth on ‘Reflexes and endogenous activity’ Includes a little personal correspondence on Wigglesworth’s 1963. retirement, festschrift and farewell parties. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 74 Correspondence G.201 G.202 G.203 1963-1967. Correspondence and memosondissolution of the ARC Unit and relocation of personnel, negotiations for Kennedy’s future and his anxieties on the subject. 1966, 1967. Miscellaneous material, guest-lists, correspondenceetc.for events to mark Wigglesworth’s retirement: ‘Top Floor’ (at Department of Zoology) party July 1966,informal dinner (at Kennedy’s home) September 1967. Includes Kennedy’s notesfor toast. Miscellaneous later ICIPE 1967-1986. affairs, biographical notes by Kennedy on Wigglesworth 1976, ‘Some Memories’ of Wigglesworth published 1979, a little personal correspondence. correspondence, in The Caian G.204 Wiktelius, C.T. 1976-1980 Wiktelius, a Swedish aphidologist, visited and worked at Silwood Park March-April 1980 on a Royal Society European Scientific Exchange. G.205, G.206 Wilde, J. de and others 1958-1987 Wilde, a Dutch entomologist working at Wageningen, was a long-term friend of Kennedy from their first meeting in 1948. Correspondence on visits and conferences especially information and notes on June 1969 symposium on‘Insect and Hostplant’, research student at Silwood Park 1977, Kennedy’s delivery of the first Jan de Wilde Lecture (on animal motivation) 1986. See J.31 for photographsof the lecture. G.205 G.206 G.207 1958-1969. 1976-1987. Williams, C.B. 1940, 1961 Twoletters only, by Williams. No surviving reply by Kennedy. Williams had been one of Kennedy’s examinersfor his Ph.D. The other was P.A. Buxton (q.v.) who, as Kennedy recordsin his biographical notes (A.1) showed him in confidence a parody by Williams of the ‘farcically Behaviourist style’ of his thesis. Kennedy was woundedbythis, but his later writing became clear even when polemical or combative. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 Correspondence G.208 Wilson, F. 75 1972 Detailed comments by Kennedy on draft paper by Wilson ‘Biological control and related terms : suggested terminological changes’. G.209, G.210 Woodford, J.A.,T. 1964-1979 Kennedy was Woodford’s supervisor for his Ph.D. at Cambridge, funded by ARC. Research, reports, career and appointments. G.209 G.210 G.211 G.212 1964-1968. 1967-1979. Wright, R.H. Wyatt, I.J. 1968-1971 1965 Comments by Kennedy on draft paper by Wyatt, on aphids on chrysanthemums. G.213 Young, J.Z. 1952 Non ‘atomistic’ research in biology. SHORTER SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE In alphabetical order. Indexed. In cases where Kennedy’s carbon alone survives, the name of the correspondentis included in the index. G.214 G.215 G.216 G.217 G.218 Be - Br Bu Da J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 76 Correspondence G.219 G.220 G.221 G.222 G.223 G.224 G.225 G.226 G.227 G.228 G.229 G.230 G.231 G.232 G.233 G.234 G.235 G.236 Di - Du Ga - Ge Go - Gr Ha He - Hu La - Li Lo Sa - Sch Sco - Si Sn - Sw V, Wa J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 77 G.237 G.238 G.239 Correspondence We- Wi, Y Unidentified or first-name signatures. Requests to visit or work in Kennedy’s laboratory, thanks for hospitality etc. 1952-1967, ie. during Kennedy’s period at University Field Station See C.14-C.16 for similar requests at Silwood Park and Cambridge. Oxford. In chronological order. UNINDEXED CORRESPONDENCE G.240-G.245 Requests and/or thanks for reprints, information, samples of material or specimens, permission to quote or reproduce material, figures etc. received or sent by Kennedy. little discussion of research proposed or in hand is sometimes included. In chronological order. G.240 G.241 G.242 G.243 G.244 G.245 1937-1939. 1940-1949. 1950-1959. 1960-1969. 1970-1979. 1980-1989. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 78 SECTION H REFERENCES AND RECOMMENDATIONS H.1-H.136 H.1, H.2 THESES AND HIGHER DEGREES H.3-H.39 UK RESEARCH GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS H.40-H.51 OVERSEAS RESEARCH AND TRAVEL GRANTS H.52-H.81 UK APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, AWARDS H.82-H.97 OVERSEAS APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, AWARDS H.98-H. 136 EDITORIAL AND ADVISORY J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 79 References and Recommendations THESES AND HIGHER DEGREES H.1 H.2 1969-1970. 1976-1986 UK RESEARCH GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS Agricultural Research Council / Agricultural and Food Research Council H.3 H.4 H.5 H.6 H.7 1970-1974. 1976-1977. 1981. 1982. 1984. Linnean Society (Percy Sladen Memorial Fund) H.8 1979. University of London H.9 1970. 1976. Medical Research Council Muchofthis material relates to the work of the Tropical Medicine Research Board, and grants made by the Board for ongoing research, based at Sussex University, on mosquito behaviour and vectors of malaria. H.10 1967-1970. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 80 References and Recommendations 1972. 1972-1974. MRC Programmeon mosquito behaviour. Subcommitteevisit to Sussex University brief correspondencearising. Invitation, report, 11 January 1973. 1974. Material on implementation of the report of the Board’s Working Party on the anopheline vectors of malaria. 1975. 1976. 1977. H.114 H.12 H.13 H.14 H.15 H.16 Ministry of Overseas Development H.17 H.18 1969. 1977. Natural Environment Research Council H.19 1973-1974. Nuffield Foundation H.20 1974. Royal Society H.21 H.22 H.23 H.24 1970-1975. 1976-1981. 1982. 1984-1991. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 81 References and Recommendations Science Research Council / Science and Engineering Research Council The material may refer to renewals or extensions of existing grants as well as to new applications. It is presented in chronological order. H.25 H.26 H.27 H.28 H.29 H.30 H.31 H.32 H.33 H.34 H.35 H.36 1970. 1971-1973. 1975. 1976. 1977. 1978. 1979(1). 1979 (2). 1980. 1981. 1982. 1984, 1988. Tropical Development and ResearchInstitute H.37 1986. WellcomeTrust H.38 1982. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 References and Recommendations Unidentified H.39 1968. OVERSEAS RESEARCH AND TRAVEL GRANTS Australia H.40 H.41 H.42 Australian Research Council Research Grants Committee 1969, 1971. Australian Research Council Research Grants Committee 1991. La Trobe University 1978. University of California, Riverside H.43 Eire H.44 1987. National Science Council 1977. National Science Foundation, Washington DC H.45 H.46 H.47 H.48 H.49 1962. 1963. 1964, 1966. 1968. 1976. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 83 References and Recommendations Switzerland H.50 H.51 Swiss National Science Foundation 1979. Swiss National Science Foundation 1987. UK APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, AWARDS Universities and institutions H.52 H.53 H.54 H.55 H.56 H.57 H.58 H.59 H.60 H.61 H.62 Birmingham 1973-1974. Cambridge 1959-1961. Cambridge 1976-1978. Hull 1969-1970. Keele 1979. Leicester 1964. London, Royal Holloway 1974, 1977. Rothamsted Experimental Station 1969. St. Andrews 1988. Sunderland Polytechnic 1986. Zoological Society of London 1971-1975. Civil Service and governmentinstitutions H.63 Cabinet Office 1987. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 84 References and Recommendations Civil Service Commission 1970. Civil Service Commission 1971. Natural Environment Research Council 1967. Overseas Development Natural ResourcesInstitute 1988. Scottish Office Establishment Division 1970. H.64 H.65 H.66 H.67 H.68 Personal references These are Kennedy’s referencesfor candidates, some supplied at their own request, for academic and other appointments. Some may extend over several years and may include correspondenceon research and careers, and updating of previous recommendations. 1957-1989. H.69 H.70 H.71 H.72 H.73 H.74 H.75 H.76 H.77 H.78 H.79 B (1974-1989). B, C (1975, 1967). F (1974-1978). H (1968, 1970, 1973). L (1957-1958). M (1979-1980). N, P (1979, 1963-1968). R, Sa (1966-1967). S (1982-1983). Su, T (1970, 1973). T, W (1975, 1976). J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 85 References and Recommendations H.80 H.81 Unidentified (1970). Requests to read or advise on manuscripts 1969-1975. OVERSEAS APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, AWARDS Australia H.82 H.83 H.84 Ghana CSIRO 1966. Melbourne 1967. CSIRO 1980. H.85 1972. Kenya H.86 Sudan H.87 Switzerland Nairobi 1968-1969. Khartoum 1975. H.88 Basle University 1981, 1982. Tasmania H.89 University of Tasmania 1971, 1972. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 United States H.90 H.91 H.92 H.93 H.94 Western Ontario H.95 Zambia H.96 86 References and Recommendations University of California, Berkeley 1966. University of California, Berkeley 1973. Harvard. Michigan State 1987, 1990. University of Texas, Austin 1988. McMaster University 1966, University of Western Ontario 1969. University of Zambia 1969. Requests declined H.97 1971-1987. EDITORIAL AND ADVISORY The material, in alphabetical order, consists of correspondence and papers Some are exchanged with editors, authors and publishing houses. relatively brief in date and scope, others cover a long period and may concern matters of publishing policy as well as advice on books or papers submitted for publication. A little material relates to Kennedy’s own publications, or to requests (almost always unsuccessful) for him to write books or papers, but the general majority concerns work submitted by others. correspondence, it testifies to the meticulous care Kennedy regularly lavished to ensure production of accurate work of scientific value; there are many expressionsof gratitude from authors and editors acknowledging the trouble he took. Like the J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 87 References and Recommendations Specialist journals with which Kennedy had a long connection as contributor, editor or consultant include Animal Behaviour, Journal of chemical Ecology and Physiological Entomology. He also refereed regularly for Nature. H.98 Academic Press 1983 Advice on proposed publication. H.99-H.105 Animal Behaviour 1954-1985 formerly British Journal of Animal Behaviour Includes Correspondence with successive editors and secretaries. invitation February 1962 to Kennedy to join the editorial panel of the journal. H.99 1954-1961 H.100 1962 H.101 1963-1964 H.102 1965-1966 H.103 1967-1968 H.104 1969, 1971-1974 H.105 1980, 1981, 1985 H.106 Annals of Applied Biology 1959, 1971. Correspondence 1959 includes Kennedy’s review for the journal of J.D. Carthy’s An introduction to the behaviour of invertebrates (not listed in Bibliography). H.107 Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 1980. Detailed comments on paper submitted. H.108 Bulletin of Entomological Research 1970, 1971. Comments on papers submitted. H.109 Chapman & Hall 1984. Comment on proposed book. H.110 Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 1976-1983. Comments on papers submitted. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 88 References and Recommendations H.111 Environmental Entomology 1986. Comment on paper. H.112 Journal of Animal Ecology 1963, 1968. Correspondence 1963 relates to Kennedy’s review of W.H. Thorpe’s Learning andinstinct in animals (notlisted in Bibliography). H.113 Journal of applied Ecology 1973. Commenton paper. H.114-H.118 Journal of chemical Ecology 1976-1989. The Journal was founded in 1975. Editorial Board in March 1976 and served until 1988. Kennedy was invited to join the The correspondenceis mainly with R.M. Silverstein, joint editor with J.B. Simeone,and includes Kennedy’s detailed comments on papers submitted and somepersonal correspondenceonresearch, visits etc. 1976-1978. 1979-1980. 1981. Includes correspondenceetc. on paper by Kennedy and others, A re-appraisal of insectflight towards a distant point source of wind-borne odour, published in the journal (8, 1982). 1982. 1983-1989. Journal of Entomology 1970-1973. Comments on papers. H.114 H.115 H.116 H.117 H.118 H.119 H.120 Journal of experimental Biology 1953-1957. Comments on papers. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 89 References and Recommendations H.1214 Journal of Insect Physiology 1980, 1983. Comments on papers. H.122 ‘Journal of theoretical Biology 1971. Brief correspondenceonly. H.123 Journal of Zoology 1974. Comments on papers. H.124 Laboratory Practice 1976. Comments on paper. H.125-H.129 Nature 1949-1987. Includes Comments on letters or papers submitted for publication. material on papers submitted by Kennedy and colleagues, a few book reviews by Kennedy,a little correspondence with authors and editors and some papers annotated by Kennedyfor discussion with authors. 1949 (Review of publications on Desert Locust by D.L. Gunnet a/), 1959, 1967-1971. 1974. 1975-1977. Includes arrangementsfor visit of editorial staff of Nature to Silwood Park August 1976, Kennedy’s review of B.P. Uvarov: Grasshoppers and Locusts 1977. 1978-1980. Includes Kennedy’s review of R.W. and J.R. Matthews: /nsect Behaviour 1978 and material relating to collaborative paper Guidance system used in moth sex attraction (288, 1980). 1983-1987. Includes material relating to collaborative paper Finding of a sex pheromone source by gypsy moths released in thefield (303, 1983) with referees’ comments and authors’ reply. H.125 H.126 H.127 H.128 H.129 H.130 Penguin Science News 1956. Brief correspondenceonly. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 90 References and Recommendations H.131 Pesticide Science 1977 Comment on paper. H.132 Physiological Entomology 1982-1992. Comments on papers. H.133 Royal Society 1974, 1976, 1980. Comments on papers submitted for the Society’s publications. H.134 Tropical Pest Managementn.d. Comments on paper. H.135 Wiley & Sons Limited 1980. Brief correspondence only. H.136 Miscellaneous comments and reviews of publications 1976-1992. papers, for unidentified J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 91 SECTION J PHOTOGRAPHS J.1-J.35 J.1-J.20 RESEARCH J.1-J.8 Middle East Anti-Locust Unit J.9 Chemical Defence Experimental Station, Porton down J.10-J.17 Cambridge University J.18, J.19 Windtunnel J.20 Blackcurrant mite J.21-J.32 CONFERENCES, MEETINGS, GROUPS J.33-J.35 PERSONAL/ INDIVIDUAL J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 92 Photographs RESEARCH Middle East Anti-Locust Unit These complement the documents at B.33-B.35. Someare official RAF photographs, others taken by Kennedy or possibly by other members of the team. A few bear comments oridentifications by Kennedy on the verso. Oman. RAF photographs. Some dated December 1942, January 1943. A few with comments by Kennedy. including Muscat and other desert townships. Middle East, photographs, and one by Kennedy. comments by Kennedy. December 1942. RAF A few with Middle East desert landscapes. RAF photographs. December 1942. A few with identifications by Kennedy. Four enlargements, Middle East. Work in East Africa, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda 1944. Aircraft and spraying. RAF photographs. Locust swarms, sites for experiments and location of East Africa. apparatus. RAF photographs and some probably by Kennedy. Several identifications and comments on verso. RAF personnel, experiments, apparatus, observations and recordings in progress, workers wearing protective clothing, a few informal photographs. RAF photographs and a few probably by Kennedy. Official photographsof workof the Anti-locustflight, with descriptions on verso. J.1 J.2 J.3 J.4 J.5 J.6 J.7 J.8 Chemical Defence Experimental Station, Porton Down. J.9 Envelope of photographsof‘locusts “flying” on the roundabout, Porton 1945’. Kennedy worked at Porton Down, for a relatively brief period 1945-1946 before moving to Cambridge. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 93 Photographs Cambridge University Work at the University Farm 1947. See also B.3 J.10-J.17 8 Envelopes of ‘Brook Field Photos’, some by RAF, some by Kennedy, August 1947. Windtunnel J.18 J.19 Blackcurrant mite Miscellaneous photographs of Kennedy’s windtunnel apparatus n.d. Photographs of windtunnel apparatus designed by W.L. Roeloff, sent to Kennedy May 1976 (see G.156). J.20 Photographsof research by J.M. Thresh sent to Kennedy September 1964 (see G.183). CONFERENCES, MEETINGS, GROUPS J.214 J.22 J.23 J.24 J.25 J.26 J.27 J.28 8th International Congress of Entomology, Stockholm, 1948. Symposium oninsect populations, Harpenden, September 1952 (with key). Symposium ‘Insect and Food-Plant’, Wageningen, 27 May 1957. Symposium in Prague, 1959. Department of Zoology, Cambridge, 1959. Association of Applied Biologists meeting, Edinburgh, 12 September 1962. Meeting at King’s College, Cambridge, July 1969. See G.82. Meeting at Bellagio, Como, 10 April 1975 (identifications on verso). J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 94 Photographs J.29 J.30 J.31 J.32 Conference on ‘Mechanisms of Perception and Orientation to Insect Olfactory Signals’, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, 5-10 August 1984 (with key). Photographs(informal) taken at Symposium to honourV.G. Dethier, 1985. See G.52, D.39. Meeting at Wageningen, 1 May 1986, at which Kennedydelivered thefirst Jan de Wilde Memorial Lecture (identifications on verso). See G.206. Colleagues at unidentified conference (identifications on verso). PERSONAL/ INDIVIDUAL J.33 J.34 J.35 Photographs of Kennedy,at a conference, with windtunnel alsoillustrated at J.18, and with colleagues and apparatus (one dated Cambridge January 1966, one dated November 1967). Portrait photographs of V.B. Wigglesworth. Two photographsat Silwood Park, early 1970s, of J.E. Moorhouse and of J. lons (technician), both in laboratory by windtunnel. Identification kindly made by C. Kennedy. J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 95 INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS ABERCROMBIE, Michael ABLE, Kenneth P. A’BROOK, John ACADEMIC PRESS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL / AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD RESEARCH COUNCIL ALEXANDER, W.G. ALEXANDER, Richard D. AJAYI, Olupomi ALYKHAN, MohammedA. ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR ANNALS OF APPLIED BIOLOGY ANTI-LOCUST RESEARCH CENTRE/ CENTRE FOR OVERSEAS PEST RESEARCH (ALRC / COPR) ARN, Heinrich ASSOCIATION OF APPLIED BIOLOGISTS AUCLAIR, Jacques Lucien A.15 G.214 G.1 H.98 A.11, A.14, A.17 C.1, C.2, C.3, C.4, C.5, C.6, C.11, C.12 H.3 - H.7 A.14, C.3 G.2, G.3 G.214 G.4 H.99 - H.105 H.106 A.14, A.15, B.33, B.35 F.1-F.10 G.5 F.11 B.4, B.14, G.6 BAERENDS, Gerard P. BACON, John Stanley Durrant BAINBRIDGE, Richard BAKER, ThomasC. BANKS,Charles John BARDNER, Richard BARRASS,Robert BARRINGTON, Ernest James William BARTON BROWNE, Lindsay BATES, Marston BATES, Nancy BATESON, Paul Patrick Gordon B.30, G.53 B.13 G.119 G.7 - G.12 G.13 F.17 H.61 F.21 B.38, G.14 G.15, G.16 G.15, G.16 G.17 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 96 Index of correspondents BAWDEN, Sir Frederick (Charles) BEALL, Geoffrey B.12, G.25, G.131 F.8 BEAMENT,Sir James (William Longman) D.49, F.21, F.28, G.145 BECK,G.A. (‘Doc’) BECK, Stanley D. BEDFORD, H.W. BEECH,Frederick Walter BEHAVIOURAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY BELL, George Douglas Hutton BELL, William J. BENJAMIN,Paul R. BENNETT,S.H. BERNAYS,Elizabeth A. BEVERTON, Raymond John Heaphy BIRCH, Martin Christopher BLANEY,Walter McAllister BLEST,A. David BODENHEIMER, F.S. BOLWELL, Stephen BOOKER, R.H. BORDEN,John H. BORNBUSCH,Alan H. BOURKE, Terry V. BOWDAN, Elizabeth BRADLEY,Roy H.E. BRADY,John Nafford BROADBENT,Leonard BRO LARSEN, Ellinor BROUGHTON,William B. BROWN, E.S. BROWNING, Tom O. BUDENBERG, Bill BULLETIN OF ENTOMOLOGICAL RESEARCH BULLOUGH,W.S. BUNTING, Arthur Hugh BURKHARDT,Richard B.34 G.215 B.33 F.28 H.107 B.15 G.18 G.19 B.11 G.40, G.41 F.29 G.21, G.117 H.69, H.132 B.30, G.215 F.8 G.85 G.215 G.215 G.22 B.54 E.10 G.23 C.5, C.10, C.13, G.24 G.25 A.34, D.20 G.26 G.215 G.27, G.114, G.145 G.216 H.108 H.69 G.216 G.216 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 97 Index of correspondents BURROWS,Malcolm BURSELL, Einar BUTLER, Colin Gasking BUXTON,Patrick Alfred CALDWELL, Roy Lynn CALLAN, Harold Garnet CARDE, Ring T. CARTHY, John D. CASAS,J. CHAMBERS,Derrell L. CHANDLER, Anthony E.F. CHAPMAN & HALL CHAPMAN,JohnA. G.216 G.28 F.22, F.24, F.28, G.29 A.6, A.8, A.10, G.30 G.31 F.25 G.32 - G.35 G.36 G.37 G.38 G.39 H.109 G.195 CHAPMAN, Reginald Frederick F.7, F.10, G.40, G.41 CHEU, S.P. CHIANG, Huai C. CHITTY, Dennis CHOUDHURY,Jahangir Haider CLARK,Laurie R. CLEGG, JamesS. CLEMENTS,Alan N. F.8 G.42 G.217 G.43 G.44 G.217 G.45 CLOW,Archibald COMMONWEALTHINSTITUTE OF ENTOMOLOGY COX, Sir (Ernest) Gordon CROWDEN,Alan E. D.42, D.43, H.130 F.12 A.11, €.1, ©.3 E.9, H.109 DANTHANARAYANA,W. DAVENPORT, Demorest DAVEY, Kenneth G. DAVID, Charles Thomas DAVIES,David E. H.41, H.42 G.46 G.88, G.218 G.9, G.47 - G.49 F.9 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 98 Index of correspondents DAWKINS,(Clinton) Richard DAWKINS, Marian Stamp DAY, Max F. DeBACH, Paul DETHIER, Vincent Gaston DIEHN, Bodo DIENSKE, Herman DINGLE, Hugh DIXON, Antony F.G. DONCASTER, John P. DOWNES,Anthony DUNN, J. Arnold DUSENBERY,David B. EASTOP, Victor Frank EDGE, David EDWARDS,JohnStuart ELLENBY, Con ELLIS, Peggy E. ELTON, Charles Sutherland EL-ZIADY, Samira EMDEN, H-F. van (‘Van’) ENTOMOLOGIA EXPERIMENTALIS ET APPLICATA ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY ETIENNE, Ariane EVANS,David A. EVANS, Hedvig Tetens Nielsen FENNAH, R.G. FINLAYSON, Lawrence Hunter FISHER, Sir Henry (Arthur Pears) FLOWERS, Brian Hilton, Baron G.51, G.72 B.50, E.10, G.50 G.218 F.16 G.52 G.219 G.53 G.54 - G.57, G.117 G.58 G.219 G.59 G.89 G.219 G.60 D.49, D.50 G.61 G.220 G.62 B.11, F.22, F.28, G.63 B.13, G.64 G.220 H.110 H.111 G.220 G.85 G.229 F.12 H.52, H.69 A.18 C.2, F.28 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 99 Index of correspondents FOSTER, William Andrew FOSTER, WoodbridgeA. FOX, Harold Munro FRAENKEL,Gottfried S. GALLUP, GordonG. GARDEFORS,Dag GARNHAM, Percy Cyril Claude GATEHOUSE, A. Gavin GELPERIN, Alan GERHARDT,H. Carl GILLETT, John David GILLETT,Sylvia D. (later HOGARTH) GILLIES, Michael Thomas GODZINSKA,Ewa J. GOLDSON, Stephen GOOCH, Burwell C. GOODWIN, Brian GRAHAM, Kenneth GRAY, Jeffrey Alan GREGORY, Philip Herries GRIFFIN, D.R. GUNN, Donald Livingston GUTHRIE, D.M. HADDOW, Alexander John HAFEZ, M. HAGEN, KennethS. HAGSTRUM, David W. HALDANE, John Burdon Sanderson HALGREN, Lee A. H.71 G.65 A.5, A.8, E.4 A.5, A.8, G.66 G.67 G.221 F.30 G.68 G.221 G.221 A.15, G.69 G.70 G.71, H.12, H.126 G.222 G.222 G.222 G.72 G.73 E.9, E.10 B.11, G.1 G.222 A.5, A.8, A.15, ©.1 F.1, F.2, F.3, F.17, F.20, F.23 G.74 - G.78 B.46 F.26 G.223 G.223 G.223 G.223 B.17, G.223 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 100 Index of correspondents HALLIDAY, Tim R. HAMILTON, William Donald HAMILTON, William J. HARDIE, Robert John (Jim) HARTLEY, Gilbert Spencer HARRINGTON, Richard HARRIS, John Edward HASKELL, Peter Thomas HAVELOCK, Eric Henry Edwardes HEINZE, K. HEKSTRA, G.P. HENDERSON, Sir William (MacGregor) HENDRICKSE, Ans HENSON, Walter R. HEWER, Humphrey Robert HILL, G.P. HILL, Robert (Robin) HILLE RIS LAMBERS, Dick HINDE, Robert Aubrey HINTON, Howard Everest HIRST, John Malcolm HOCKING, B. HODGKIN, Sir Alan (Lloyd) HODGSON, Christopher John HOES, Erik-Jan HOGARTH, S.D. see GILLETT HORN, Gabriel HORRIDGE, George Adrian HOWSE, Philip Edwin HOYLE, Graham HUBER, Franz HUGHES, David HUGHES, R.D. HULL, R. HUNTER-JONES,Philip G.158 G.223 F.9 G.79 B.16 F.14 A.15 A.15, B.38,F.5, F.6, F.7, F.17 H.72 A.11 B.11 G.224 A.33, F.28 G.224 F.8, G.80 G.224 B.15 B.13 G.81 B.30, B.46, G.82, G.83 A.15, B.7, F.24, G.84 F.28 B.12 G.88 G.224 G.206 A.33, B.46 B.31, F.27, G.136 G.85, G.224 B.30 G.86 G.224 G.224 B.12, B.13 F.4 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 101 Index of correspondents ILSE, Dora IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON IMPEY,Patrick INTERNATIONAL CENTRE OF INSECT PHYSIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY(ICIPE) ITO, Yosiaki IWAO,Syun’iti G.87 C.1-C.17 F.3 G.88 B.13, B.14, G.89, G.172 G.225, G.239 JELLIS, Rosemary E. JERMY,Tibor JOHNSON,Alan Woodworth JOHNSON,Bruce JOHNSON,C.G.(‘Johnny’) JONES,Michael David Richard JOURNAL OF ANIMAL ECOLOGY JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY JOURNAL OF INSECT PHYSIOLOGY JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY JOYCE, Richard John Vernon KACELNIK, Alex KAISSLING, Karl-Ernst KAY, Rosemary H. KEAY,Ronald William John KENDREW,Sir John (Cowdery) KENNEDY, Donald KERSHAW,William E. KEY, K.L.H. D.48, D.50 G.90 G.91 G.92 B.10, B.11, G.93 - G.96 G.97 H.112 H.113 H.114 - H.118 H.119 H.120 J.121 H.122 H.123 G.153 G.98 G.104 G.99 F.18 A.33 G.100 C.8 G.101 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 102 Index of correspondents KEYSERLINGK,Harald C. von KLASSEN, Waldy KRAAN,Cees van der KRAMER, Ernst KREBS,John Richard KRING, JamesB. KROGH, August LABEYRIE, Vincent LABORATORY PRACTICE LACK, David Lambert LAMB, Kenneth P. LAMB, RobertJ. LAUGHLIN, Roger LEA,A. LEAN, O.B. LEE, Donald Lewis LEHRMAN, Daniel S. LEPPLA, Norman C. LEWIS, Trevor LICKERISH,Leslie A. LIDDELL, Edward George Tandy LIGHTHILL, Sir (Michael) James LINSTEAD, Sir (Reginald) Patrick LISSMANN, Hans Werner LORENZ, Konrad Zacharias LOSCHIAVO, Sam R. LOWE, Alan D. LOWENSTEIN, Otto Egon LUDLOW,Anthony Richard LUPTON, Francis G.H. G.102 G.225 G.103 G.104 B.47, F.30 B.14, G.225 F.2 G.105 H.124 B.15, B.30 G.106 G.226 G.107, G.124, H.40 G.226 B.34 C.5, D.31 B.30, B.31 G.38, G.108 G.109 H.73 B.23 F.23 C.1 G.226 B.30 B.17 G.227 F.24, H.133 G.110 - G.112 F.16, F.18 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 103 Index of correspondents McCRAE, Angus McFADDEN, PeterD. McFARLAND, David McINTOSH,T.P. McLEAN, Donald L. MADDRELL, Simon HughPiper MADGE, PaulE. MALCOLM,Steve MAMAMOROSCH, Karl MANNING, Aubrey William George MARSH, David MARSH, R.W. MARTIN,Sir David (Christie) MATHYS, Gus MATTINGLEY,Peter Frederick MAY, Robert McCredie MAYER, Doris MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL MICHELSEN,Axel MILES, Gordon R. MILES, Peter Wallace MILLER, JamesR. MILLER, Peter Lamont MILNE, Alec MILTHORPE, Frederick Leon MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD MINKS,Albert K. MITTLER, ThomasE. MOELWYN-HUGHES, Emyr Alun MOERICKE,Volker MOORE, Isaac MOORHOUSE, John Edward G.228 A.32 G.113 B.10 G.228 A.33 G.114 G.115 G.118 G.116 G.117 F.11 F.16 F.18 G.119 F.28, G.78, G.120 B.44 H.10 - H.16 G.228 F.3 G.121, H.74 G.122 A.22, A.32, B.45, C.2, E.10 G.50, G.123 B.54, G.124 - G.128 A.14, G.129 F.13 G.130 G.131 A.10 G.132 See also B.9, G.151 G.133 C.5, G.134 - G.138 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 104 Index of correspondents MORAN,V.Clifford MORDUE,William MOSBACHER, G.C. MOUND, Laurence Alfred MULLER, HansJ. MUNTZ,William R.A. NAKAMUTA,Kiyoshi NATURE NEWTH,David Richmond NIELSEN, Erik Tetens NISBETT, Alec NORRIS, Dale M. ODHIAMBO, ThomasRisley OLBERG,Robert M. ORDISH, George PAINTER, Reginald H. PALKA, John PALMEN,Ernst PANTIN, Carl Frederick Abel PARKER, Alec PARRY, Donald A. PASKIN, Mike W.K. PEARSON,Eric Omar PENER, M.P. PEREIRA,Sir (Herbert) Charles PESTICIDE SCIENCE PETERS, Walter G.187 G.228 G.228 F.14, G.139 G.140 B.17 G.141 F.10, H.125 - H.129 A.5, A.15, D.42, G.142 B.30, F.8, G.229 D.50 G.229 G.88, G.143 G.230 G.230 G.144 G.231 D.19 D.49, G.145 G.231 H.71 G.231 F.12 G.231 G.78, G.146 H.131 F.16 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS49/5/94 105 Index of correspondents PHELAN, Larry PHIPPS, John PHYSIOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY PITCHER, Roland Stanley POPOV, George POSNETTE, Adrian Frank (Peter) POTTER, Charles POTTS, William Herbert POUZAT,J. PREISS, Reinhard PRICE-JONES, D. PRINGLE, John William Sutton PROKOPY,Ronald J. PUMPHREY, Richard Julius RABB, Robert L. RAINEY, Reginald Charles RANKIN, Mary Ann RAWORTH, A.Basil RAYNER, Alan D.M. RAYNER, J.M. G.231 G.147 H.132 G.231 G.148, G.189 A.33, C.3 B.14 C.9, G.231 G.149 G.104 B.10, B.11, B.14 A.15, C.10, F.23, F.26, G.150 G.33, G.151 F.3 A.33, G.163 B.35, F.9, F.10, F.26 G.152, G.153 G.154 A.26, A.31 D.34 G.232 RICHARDS, Owain Westmacott A.33,F.4, F.8, F.22, F.26, F.28 RILEY, Sir Ralph ROBERT, Yves ROBERTS, Alan ROBERTSON, Forbes William ROEDER, Kenneth D. ROELOFS, Wendell L. ROFFEY, Jeremy ROPER, Tim J. ROSSEM, G. van ROTHMAN, Harry ROTHSCHILD, Miriam Louisa ROWELL, C. Hugh Fraser C.3, F.28 G.232 B.44, G.232 B.15 G.155 G.156 F.9 G.157, G.158 B.14 G.232 G.159 H.88, H.90 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 106 Index of correspondents ROYAL ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON ROYAL SOCIETY F.14 F.15 -F.30, H.21 - H.24, H.133 RUSCOE, Colin RUSSELL, Nicholas SABELIS, Maurice W. SALT, George SANDERS,Chris J. SAUNDERS,David S. SAUNDERS, Sir Owen (Alfred) SAWICKI, Roman Mieczyslaw SAXENA,K.N. SCHAEFER, Glen W. SCHNEIDER, Dietrich SCHNEIRLA,Ted C. SCHONE, Hermann SCHOONHOVEN, Louis M. SCHURR, H.R. SCHWARZ,R.E. SCOTT, G.C. SEABROOK,William D. SHEBY, David SHEPPARD, P.O. SHOREY,Harry H. SILVERSTEIN,Robert M. (Milt) SIMPSON, JohnE. SIMPSON, Stephen James SLATER, PeterJ.B. SLIFER, Eleanor H. SMART, Andrew Douglas SMITH, B.D. SMITHY, Floyd F. SMITH, Ray F. SNOW, William F. G.232 A.21 G.160 F.28, G.84 G.161, G.162 E.12 C.1 F.30 G.233 G.163 G.134, G.164 G.165 G.167, G.168 G.205, G.206 G.233 G.233 G.234 G.234 G.234 G.234 G.169 G.15, H.114 - H.118 G.234 B.38, B.45, B.49, H.77 B.46, H.60 G.170 G.171 B.14 B.14 G.65, G.131 G.235 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 107 Index of correspondents SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY SOLOMON, Maurice E. SOUTHWOOD,Sir (Thomas) Richard (Edmund) STAAL, G.B. STADDEN,B.W. STADDON, John E.R. STADLER, Erich STANTON, MLL. STRONG,Frank E. F.31 G.172 A.18, A.22 C.1, C.3, C.4, 0.7, C.8, C.13 F.28 G.31, G.48, G.136, G.163, G.173 G.235 B.7 B.44 G.235 G.234 G.239 STROYAN, Henry Lindsay Gray B.10, F.14, F.16, G.174 SUDD, John Hilton SUTHERLAND, Oliver R.W. SWAN, D.C. SWENSON,Knud G. SYLVESTER, Edward S. TAMBS-LYCHE, Helene TAMMES,P.M.L. TAYLOR, Charles Edwin TAYLOR, Lionel Roy TAYLOR, Robin A.J. TAYLOR, Thomas Hugh Colebrook TERRACE,Herb S. THOMAS,John Donald THOMPSON,Arthur Terence THOMSON, R.C. Muirhead THORPE, William Homan THORSTEINSON, A.J. THRESH, John Michael TINBERGEN, Nikolaas TOBIN, ThomasR. TRAPIDO, Harold H.78 G.175 F.8 G.235 G.176 G.177 B.12, B.14 G.178 G.96, G.179 - G.181 G.180 A.14, F.4 G.182 D.29 F.3, F.4, F.5 G.30 A.33, B.30, B.43, F.24 G.196 G.183 B.30, B.31, G.184 G.185 G.239 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 108 Index of correspondents TREHERNE, John Edwin TROPICAL PEST MANAGEMENT URBAN, Alan Joseph UVAROV,Sir Boris Petrovitch VANDERPLANK, VARLEY, George Copley VINCE, MargaretA. WAAGE, Jeffery King WADHANS,LesterJ. WAGNER, H. WALL,Clive WALOFF,Nadia WALOFF, Zena WALTERS,Keith Frederick Arthur WATERHOUSE, Douglas Frew WATSON,David Meredith Seares WAY, Michael James WEATHERLEY,Paul Egerton WEIS-FOGH, Torkel WEITZ, Bernard WELLINGTON, William G. WENNER, Adrian M. WENSLER, Rita J.D. WESTOBY,Mark WHITAKER, Marilyn G.186 H.134 G.187 A.5, A.8, B.33, B.34 F.1, F.2, F.3, F.4, F.5, F.9 See also G.148 G.236 B.10 B.30 G.188 G.236 G.234 G.236 G.148, G.189 B.35, F.1, F.2, F.9 G.152, G.189 G.190 B.16, F.28, G.191, G.196, H.82 A.8 C.1, C.2, F.17, F.18 G.109, G.192 G.193 A.15, G.194 C.8 G.195 G.237 G.196 G.237 G.197 J.S. Kennedy NCUACS 49/5/94 109 Index of correspondents WHITE, Michael J.D. WHITE, Peter Richard WHITE, Tom C.R. WIGGLESWORTH, Sir Vincent Brian WIKTELIUS, Carl Staffan WILDE, Jan de WILKES, Kathy WILLIAMS, Carrington Bonsor WILLIS, Mark WILLOWS, A.O. Dennis WILSON, Frank WOOD, Ronald Karslake Starr WOODFORD, John Anthony Trefor WRIGHT,R.H. WYATT, lan James WYNNE-EDWARDS, Vero Copner YATES, Frank YOUNG, John Zachary YULE, William N. H.83 G.198 B.16 B.24, F.22, F.23, F.28 G.30, G.46, G.136, G.199 - G.203, J.34 G.204 F.17, G.205, G.206 B.46 F.22, F.24, G.207 G.237 G.237 F.16, G.208 A.38, C.2, F.28 G.209, G.210 G.211 G.212 G.126 G.237 B.31, B.49, G.213 F.4 ZANGWILL, Oliver Louis B.30