HINSHELWOOD, Cyril Norman v2

Published: 16 January, 2024  Author: admin


CONTEMPORARYSCIENTIFIC ARCHIVES CENTRE Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of SIR CYRIL NORMAN HINSHELWOOD OM,FRS (1897-1967) Compiled by Jeannine Alton and Harriot Weiskittel Deposited in the Library, The Royal Society, London CSAC 17/11/74 All rights reserved C.N. Hinshelwood CSAC 17/11/74 1. Description of the collection The collection was received from the Physical Chemistry Leboratory, It consists almost entirely of laboratory notebooks and experi- Oxford. mental observations and results covering the early period of Hinshelwood's work on molecular reactions and gas reactions. conducted in the former laboratory shared by Balliol and Trinity Colleges, consisting, as Sir Harold Thompson describes in his Memoir (Item 1), of cellars, out—houses and a converted bathroom. Most of this work was Section III contains notes and reports of work on respirator design undertaken by Hinshelwood and his researchteamfor the Chemical Defence Board, Ministry of Supply, during the Second World War. documents relating to this work were returned to the P.R.O. Official © Some of Hinshelwood's papers were accepted and listed by the library of the Royal Society after his death. records of honours and awards, reprints of scientific and non-scientific writings, photographs and press—cuttings, and a box of uncatalogued manu- script material. They consist of certificates and Dr. C.J. Danby, of the Physical Chemistry Laboratory, Oxford, has given valuable help in the dating and attribution of certain items in _ the collection. Summary of career 1897 be. London 1916 ~ 18 Department of Explosives, Queensferry Royal Ordinance Factory 1919 . Entered Balliol College, Oxford 1920 ~ 21. Fellow of Balliol College 1921 —- 64 Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford 1929 Elected to the Royal Society 1937 ~ 64 1943 1946 1946 - 47 1949 Dr. Lee's Professor of Chemistry, Oxford Davy Medal Bakerian Lecture President, Chemical Society - Royal Medal 1948 Knight Bachelor 1955 ~ 60 President, Royal Society 1956 1959 Nobel Prize for Chemistry President, Classical Association Continued. . .epage 2. C.N. Hinshelwood CSAC 1/14 2. 1960 1960 1960, 1961 ~ 63 Presidential Address, Royal Society Tercentenary Leverhulme Medal Order of Merit President, Faraday Society . 1962 Copley Medal 1964 ~- 65 President, British Association for the Advancement of Science Contents of the handlist Items Page I. II. Biographical Laboratory notebooks and working papers III, War work 1 = 2 3 — 28 29 = 45 3 3 6 C.N. Hinshelwood CSAC 17/11/74 I. le eo it. 4. Biographical Memoir, by Sir Harold Thompson, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 19, DD. “3 15-mAdSi.6 Hinshelwood's ‘Complete List of Publications in Chronological Order 1919 — 1964! Laboratory notebooks and working papers (all are manuscript unless indicated otherwise) Notebook labelled on first page ‘Oxidation of Phenol Derivatives. Decomposition of Malonic Acid in the liquid~supercooled state and in the solid state.! ae Draft of "Oxidation of Nitrophenols by Potassium Permanganate' with charts and graphs, dated 12-7-—19 Entry labelled ‘Thermometer Standardisation’ Series of experiments on 'The rate of decomposition of malonic acid! with charts and graphs, dated i7~11~19 Containing: be c. ad. try labelled ‘Summary of solid state expts.' , Notebook containing: ae ‘Transformation Rhombic — monoclinic sulphur ~ influence of physical state' Set of experiments on tiodine vaporisation' dated1 October, 1920 ‘Notes on the theory of supercoolingt ‘'Supercooling. of results, and notes on others! work Experiments with Salol, Phenol': compilation bp. c. a. Set of experiments beginning at other end of Notebook containing set of experiments labelled tAcetone' and dated 8-5-22, notebook labelled ‘Investigation of some monomolecular reactions’ (with synopsis) followed by 2 sets of experiments on, 'thermal decomposition of chlorine monoxide' with notes and graphs inter— leaved 3. 1919 1920 1922 Notebook labelled 'chlorine monoxide!’ and dated 122-24 containing 1924 Note- compilation of results by CNH and unidentified co-worker. book also contains 2 sets of experiments at back of book labelled tThermal decomposition of ammonia~phosphine apparatus' and ‘Nitrous oxidet. of stationery samples) and various unlabelled graphs. Miscellaneous notes (some written on verso Te Notebook containing: a. b. ce Unidentified set of experiments 'Thermal decomposition of ammonia on platinum' dated 236-24 ‘Nitrous oxide: hot wire expts.' 1924 Notebook containing: ae ‘Calibration of platinum wire (2)' and dated 17-9-24, with set of graphs charting influence of temperature on rate of decomposition of NO on a platinum wire ‘Experiments on thé influence of pressure! ‘Decomposition of N,O on the surface of a gold wire’ éalowletion in anotfier hand) (some b. c. 1924 — 25 C.N. Hinshelwood CSAC 17/11/74 8. contd. and H, on heated tungsten wire! ‘'Interaction of CO, ‘Hydrogen iodide on gold'® "Decomposition of HI on platinum’ dad. e. f. Series of experiments at back of book labelled: ge ‘Decomposition of ammonia on tungsten filament' and dated February 11, 1925 ‘tiInteraction of NO and Hy" with miscellaneovs unlabelled graphs h. ‘Acetone decomposition! 'tAldehyde decompositiont Notebook containing: ae be Sets of experiments at back of book labelled: ce d. ‘Nitric oxide decomposition on Pt! 'Provionic aldehyde decomposition! b 1925 — 26 De 10. 11. le. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Notebook labelled on cover 'Me.O ae b. _c. a. e. Set of experiments with 'Direthyl ether' and dated January, 1927 'Formaldehyde tests! ‘influence of hydrogen on acetaldehyde decomposition' ‘Propionic aldehyde and hydrogent ‘Acetaldehyde and nitrogen' PrCHO + H,' containing: 1927 Notebook labelled thydrogen and oxygent. at other end of notebook labelled: ae b. tAnalysis of decomposition products of methylpropylether' 'Catalysed decomposition of diethyl ether! Sets of experiments Notebook containing: ae ‘Hydrogen Oxygen combinations! dated September 1927 (56 ex- periments) ‘New high Temp. pressure series — empty bulb (new)' ‘Experiments in Worcester porcelain bulb! (some runs are sub-headed 'nitrogen' or targon') b. c. 1926 . 1927 Notebook with first set of experiments labelled 'Combination of hydrogen and oxygen', followed by another set of 47 experi- ments called 'Series Bt, 'Series Ct and 'Series D* 1927 = 28 Small notebook labelled Series B' (presumably following Item 13 in sequence) with summary of results on inside of front cover 1927 — 28 Package of graphs charting the influence of steam, hydrogen pressure, helium, argon, nitrogen, oxygen pressure and silica on* the rate of reaction of hydrogen and oxygen combinations at various temperatures Notebook labelled "Decomposition of CH,CHO on gold! containing various sets of experiments, miscellanéous calculations and graphs e.g. ‘acetaldehyde on platinum — rhodium wire’ and Tacetaldehyde decomposition calibration of gold wire! 1928 Notebook labelled 'H,/0,/Pt" and on back cover ‘new H0,Pt series! 1929 with miscellaneous notes interleaved C.N. Hinshelwood esac 17/11/74 Notebook inscribed inside front cover ‘bath corrections! con- taining various experiments with benzoic acid, isopropyl alcohol, acetic acid and benzyl alcohol. Notebook of calculations labelled 'Hcl EtoH' Notebook of various sets of experiments labelled 'MeQH HAG HO1 . 5 1930 ~ 34 1930 1937 1931 1931 Packege labelled 'Phosphine uev. light! containing: ae Notebook labelled 'Phosphine! dated 7-5-30 to 26-6~30. Back cover of notebook is labelled 'catalysis of decomposition of CH cH? 7" CH CH-O-CH G3 yy halides! 4 graphs interleaved (one labelled Both portions of notebook contain” experimental results and CNHts conclusions. 'U.V. lamp chart!) with 4 pages of notes (some written on verso of examination scripts) Notebook (not lebelled or dated) containing experimental results and graphs. i0 pages of miscelleneous -notes Typescript of abstract beginning'ixtures of phosphine and oxygen at ordinary temperatures. - «' b. ce “a. Notes on 'Grimm, Ruf and Wolff, Zeit.fur Physikalische Chemie, Bi3, 1931, p. 299' , Notebook containing: ae be. ‘NO expts! 'tAnother series of expts to find NO produced at. various stages of the reaction! and dated January 1931 'Summary to date of experiments made by CNH' and dated 1-3—374 Various untitled experiments © c. ad. - Package labelled ‘Ozone! containing descriptions, results and calculations of various runs; miscellaneous notes (many written on verso of examination scripts) and graphs charting the various runs (numbered 1~22) 19. 20. 21. 236 Notebook (not in CNH's hand) titled 'Swmary of experimental results on the reaction between H, and of silica with effect of (NO); (No), and rods of silica, initials'CNH, ACR end silver, aluminium and nickel’ with GAMH, Hilary Term 1932'. of hydrogen and oxygen in a silver vessel! (with B.A. Moelwyn-Hughes and A.C. Rolfe) Proc.Roy.Soc., 1933, £139, 521. Findings published as 'The Combination in vessels of silver and 0, 1932 Package labelled 'N,O and halogens! containing miscellaneous notes and graphs (many labelled 'Disassociation of iodine! t, script (utitled and incomplete) . .of bromine! etc) and 25 page type- . .of chlorine', '. 1932 — 33 256 Notebook labelled on cover ‘Reaction between EtC], EtBr, stl and KOH in alcoholic solutions! containing notes and graphs and interleaved report (in unidentified hand) on another's work 1933 C.N. Hinshelwood esac 17/11/74 26. 21. b. Ceo Package labelled ‘HAc in MeOH* containing: a. The Reaction between Acetic Acid and Methyl Alcohol' Typescript with corrections of ‘The Kinetics of Esterification Part I. Graphs labelled ‘HAc in MeOH in anisol', ‘Interaction of acetic acid and methyl alcohol in methyl alcohol solutions! with accompanying notese Miscellaneous graphs and notes. Package labelled 'Cl NH,' containing: ae be c. Notes on 'Cain endNicoll, J.C.5,, 1902 P. 1412" Notes on 'J.S. Reese, Chem.Rev., 1934, 14, 55! Miscellaneous notes and graphs (several labelled 'diazo compounds' ) 3 page typescript of 'The Benzoylation of Nitranilines in Benezene Solution! (with W.B.S. Newley and L.A.R. Staveley) -Trans.Far.Soce, 1934, 30, p 597, end 3 sets oF Ms. notes de. 1933 = 34 1934 which formed basis of article. 28. Notebook labelled "Quaternary ammonium salts' containing various sets of calculations with miscellaneous notes (on verso of examination scripts) and 7 graphs (one labelled 'Pyridine and methyl iodide in various solventst) interleaved 1937 ~ 38 III. War work 296 30. 31. 326 33 346 356 Graphs of desorption distribution (in various hands) with notes desorption ~ experimental results’, and results labelled 'CC1, ‘Water desorption’, NWated Diffusion’, tabulated results, and 'Cyanogen chloride — desorption distribution’ ‘Desorption’ typescript summaries of experimental results; 'Calculated distribution on water! Ms. summaries of results (in unidentified hands), graphs Z Package of 6 graphs describing desorption by a dry air stream following the passage of a wet stream Graphs and notes showing ‘calculated distribution during desorption H,0 on B668! in another hand Miscellaneous notes labelled 'Retentivity Bible, 1.2.43', 'Retentivity Action, 27.3.43', ‘Adsorption. The Transport Equation’, 'The sorption process in a gas stream with a straight line Isotherm.', 'Distribution', and tabular summary of ‘position of 50% saturation point! File labelled Reports from J.G.D.,CeJeDeyJeSeAeFPogReMele — M.T. 1939t. on Charcoal It and "Studies in adsorption on Charcoal II', charts, graphs, and miscellaneous notes Various Ms. drafts including ‘Studies in adsorption 'First Interim Reportt from the Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry ,Oxford to the Ministry of Supply? typescripts of Introduction, Appendix A (I) with accompanying graphs, Appendices IV - VII, Appendix XI 1940 - 43 1940 — 43 1940 ~ 43 1940 ~ 43 1943 1939 1939 C.N. Hinshelwood esac 17/11/74 36. 376 38. 39 40. 41. ‘42. 43. 44. 456 *Second Interim Report from the Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Oxford! containing ‘introduction and general summary', ‘comparison of the behaviour of various charcoals! and 12 appendices(see contents page of report for detailed list)s typescripts with accompanying graphs dated 1 January/29 Feburary Oxidation Catalysts': typescript with CNH's annotations on contents page, 12 pp. 'Mixture of Two Gases': typescript with extensive corrections, ‘Multiple layer respirator systems’ and ‘Respirator systems containing leyers and mixtures of different charcoalst: type= scripts with corrections dated 8.11.40 with accompanying tables 'The Desorption of Gases from Charcoal to problems of chemical warfare)! : introduction, Ms. and typescript draft with corrections of Sections I and II, typescript list of diagrams CNH's draft cof the (With special reference 'The Desorption 6f Gases from Charcoal': typescript drafts of Sections III, IV and V with extensive Ms. corrections 'The Desorption of Gases from Charcoal’: Ms. and typescript drafts of Sections VII and VIII - Charts and diagrams prepared for report 'The Desorption of Gases from Charcoal (with special reference +o problems of chemical warfare)' of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Oxford University for the Ministry of Supply and dated July 1943 report prepared by Department 'The Process of Charcoal Activation in relation to the Properties of the Product! report prepared by the Department (for the Ministry of Supply} and dated September 1942 'The Properties of Coppered Coal Charcoals' report prepared by the Department (for the Ministry of Supply and dated October 1943 NeGe 1940 1943 1943 1943 1943, 1943 1942 1943