LONDON, Heinz v1

Published: 13 September, 2023  Author: admin


THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Report on the papers of DR. H Sot NS: i O° D. ON, FRS (1907-70) deposited in the Wills Memorial Library, University of Bristol Archives Centre (CSAC 5/73) by London WC2A 1HP 1973 Reproduced for the Contemporary Scientific Quality House, Quality Court, Chancery Lane, THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS No. 73/363 All rights reserved THE ROYAL SOCIETY THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS COMMITTEE ON SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNCLOGICAL RECORDS csac 5/73 CONTEMPORARY SCIENTIFIC ARCHIVES CENTRE Papers of Dr. Heinz London, F.R.S. (1907 - 1970) Listed by: Jeannine Alton Harriot Weiskittel Deposited in Wills Memorial Library, University of Bristol Bi O,8.A.08 5/73 Description of the collection The papers cover the years 1886 — 1972. 7 Dr. London's scientific work l conference papers comprise the bulk of the collection; they include 'Tube Alloy' project during the Second laboratory notebooks and working pz date and/or title have been listed a tebooks aling with h 3 a _ & a 4 23 2 work on the ~ 26). ‘Those World War (Items ; which are not identifiable by tems 49 — 55). a e} Many of Dr. London's notes made while he was working at Bristol are written on the back of students' examination scripts. Many of the earlier working papers, and much of the correspondence, are in German; an indication of this is given in the handlist. Because of the close relationship which existed between Dr. Jondon and his elder brother, all material and offprints relating to Fritz London and his work have been retained in the collection. The papers were received from Mrs. Lucie London, whose short expla— natory notes are attached to many of the items. conferences on low-temperature physics were accepted by the Radcliffe Science Library, Oxford. Abstracts and proceedings of Summary of the career of Dr. Heinz London Naturalisation 1907 1926 1927 1929 1940 1942 1942 1931 1934 1936 1939 University of Bonn University of Munich Work on ‘Tube Alloys! Born in Bonn, Germany Internment in Isle of Man Technische Hochschule, Berlin University of Breslau, DePhil. Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford Marriage to Gertrude Rosenthal (marriage dissolved) Research grant, H.H. Wills Physical Laboratory, Bristol to Royal Society Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell: Principal Scientific Officer, 1946; Senior Principal Scientific Officer, 1950; Deputy Chief Scientist, 1953 Imperial Chemical Industries, Birmingham Birmingham University; Imperial College, London Ministry of Supply, Flintshire Nuffield Laboratory, Birmingham University Awarded first Simon Memorial Prize of the Physical Society's Low Temperature Group 1942 — 43 1943 1943 -— 44 1944 — 46 Marriage to Lucie Meissner Election t 1946 1946 1959 1961 reise Ar eG /73 5 / the handlist Biographical Laboratory notebooks Working papers Lecture Publications Conference papers VALE. Correspondence VITES cOffonints LX. Index of principal correspondents Handlist Biographical Memoir, by David Shoenberg. (Biosravhical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 17, November 1971). Correspondence and notes collected by Mrs. Lucie London for D. Schoenberg's use in writing memoir. Karly personal correspondence (German). Correspondence, notes and articles relating to Fritz London Laboratory notebooks Ms. notebook (German). Copies of entries on Heinz London and Fritz London in Dictionary of Scientific Biosravhy and related correspondence. Correspondence with first wife, Gertrude Rosenthal, during his internment in Isle of Man, July ~- September. Personal recollections supplied by lirs. London for memoir; "business! copy of Dr. Londonts diploma from the University of Breslau, granting him the title of "Doktor der Philosophie? 1 Ms. notebook 'Colloquia'. Ms. notebook 'University of Bristol, Physics Note Book't (German). Ms. notebook (German). Ms. notebook 'Calorimeter' (German). Ms. notebook (German). Hiln CeSsAsC.. 5/73 Ms. notebook, with name 'the heat conductivity of and address, includes notes on glas and various experiments. MT iS - notebook,with name and address, notes in German and mglish. Ms. notebook with no cover, notes on others! work. Ms. notebook, includes typescript of "Isotope Separation by Ionic Migration’, Ms. notebook, with name and address, notes on experiments. notebook, in several hands, notes on experiments. notebook, ‘University of Bristol, Physics Note Book',. notebook, includes notes by W. Bates. notebook, mostly notes on experiments. Ms. notebook, labelled 'Ministry of Labour and National Service, Internal Labour Branch, Central Register of Aliens, Red Lion Square, W.C.1, Classification 7091.' Work on tube alloys. Ms. notebook, work on tube alloys. Ms. notebook, work on tube alloys. Ms. notebook, labelled ‘Project G.C.27 Tube Alloys. 8/9/958,7, 0/36" occasional notes dated 1959. Ms. notebook, notes on others! work. Ms. notebook, labelled 'Datat. Includes Ms. notes for 'mn- Ms. notebook, ‘Smoke Experiments’. Ms. notebook, 'Smoke Experiments! May—September. Ms. notebook with loose pages inserted: correspondence and notes from B. Davison, Birmingham University; unidentified MSS. Ms. notebook, includes work on ‘Calculation of Volumes and Working Conditions and ‘Calibration of Unipivot L 144083 at Oxford with Finsley Rotentiometer'. Ms. notebook, ‘Birmingham, Thermal Diff. Diffusion and back (?) Chromatography (Theoretical)'. richment of the less absorbable component of chromatography, ' and ‘Relation between Viscosity and Diffusion Constants’. (German). Ms. notebook, includes drafts of letters to Fritz London notebook, labelled '4 lectures on probability by Peierls'. Ms. notebook, of screens by radiation without use of a lens’. data on experiments; includes draft of 'production s ? , Ms. notebook, notes on others' work, ‘conductivity’. notebook, in another hand. notebook, in another hand. 5/73 Ms. notebook, includes : at a conference) and iM s ‘dr a on others! work (p Red BS ape ned. identified fference in the vapour Draneey of rences in zero point energy' Sd . A includes notes on 'Conductivity of Solids', Ms. ation by Ionic Transfer in the Solid State’, eee of the Chromatographic Separation of Substances’, 42. otebook eee HEIEE Working papers 43. Miscellaneous Ms. notes, written on back of students! exami- nation scripts; graphs. on Ms. file notebook of work at the University of Bristol, indexes labélled 'technical notes, calibrations, éalorinet er, high frequency, Knudsen’. Ms. file notebook includes notes on 'magnetic calibration and fluxmeter calibration', miscellaneous notes in another hand, reports of eo of supplies of lead and tin rods. Miscellaneous notes, working papers, diagrams and correspon-— dence relating to work on carbon molecule (note by Lucie London). Ms. draft describing experiment for rotation of container of liquid helium to determine flow of superfluid phase of liquid helium. 56. 57. 58. 61. 62. _'He3} He4 Data! Work of 1969 — 70. Drawings and diagrams. Work on osmotic pressure gauge 4 photographs of He3 avparatus. Miscellaneous Ms. working papers (orig inal arrangement as found in collection retained). Miscellaneous wnidentified diagrams and data readings (some are dated 1939). Patent for the ‘Apparatus for the Treatment of Liquids', patent application for ‘Improvement in or relating to ciga~ rettes'. "Low Temperature' Ms. notes and diagrams, March. ‘Measurement of the Osmotic Pressure of Helium—3 in superfluid Helium—4' Ms. ¢rafts, typescripts and preprints: intended for presentation at the 12th Low Temperature Conference, Japan, Related correspondence, February — August. Slides and prints to accompany presentation. IV. Lecture 1970. 63. C.S.As¢. 5/73 Vin Publications 64. 65. 66. 'The high frequency resistance of super-—conducting tin', Pro— ceedings of the Royal Society, London A, draft and corrected proof. 176, 522-533. Ms. 'The high frequency resistance of super—conducting tin‘, typescripts (one annotated by A.M. Tyndall) and related corres-— pondence. oS Nea fren 2 . / Ms. draft of unidentifed paper on miniature helium liquifier. fAn apparatus which enables fighter aeroplanes to spot and aim at enemy aircraft at night and in clouds', Ms. draft, 2 typescripts, and related correspondence. 'Superfluid helium! (First Simon Memorial Lecture to the Physi- cal Society, Low Temperature Group, Society Yearbook, 34-48. 13 October 1959). Physical Annotated offprint. Volume on Fritz London for 'Selected Readings in Physics Series', Pergamon Press. pondence. 3-—page Ms. draft and related corres— 'Techniques for evaluation of the performance of the He3 dilu- tion refrigerator' (with D. Phillips and G.P. Thomas) Pro~ ceedings Second International Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Brighton, May 1968, 55-58. Typescript with Ms. annotations in another hand. Review for Nature of M. von Laue's Theory of Superconductivity. Ms. draft of first 290 words (never submitted) and related correspondence. Typescript of review as written by E.N. Adams. Conference papers Seventh International Conference on Refrigeration, The Hague. Related correspondence. Informal conference on low temperature with members of Soviet Academy of Sciences, Cambridge: related correspondence and programme. Wisconsin, August 1957: related correspondence. International Low Temperature Conference, Madison Conference on Fundamental Particles and Low Temperature, Cambridge, July 19463: related correspondence. Informal con— ference on liquid helium, Cambridge, June 1947: related cor- respondence. respondence, programme and itinerary. Conference on Cryogenic Engineering, Boulder, Colorado, August 1960: related correspondence. Symposium on Liquid and Solid Helium—3, Ohio State University, August 1960: related corres— pondence and programme. VII International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Toronto, August 1960: related correspon— dence and programme. Conference on Fundamental Research in Superconductivity, IBM Research Center, Yorktown, New York, June 1960: related cor-— Hob. C.5.A.C. 5/73 c/7 Commission I of the International Institute of Refrigeration, London, September 1961: programme, abstracts, Ms. notes. International Conference on High Magnetic Fields, November 1961: programme. Institute of Technische Hochschule, Karlsruhe, Germany, March 1962: related correspondence. Progress in Cryogenic Research, iu i2th annual meeting of Societe de Chimie Physique, Paris, June 1962: related corresponderce, programme, Ms. notes taken at conference. ie eee oh ene Soo eg ; : VIII International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Queen Mary College, London, September 1962: related corres— pondence, list of delegates, copy of paper R.O. Pohl, 1 page of Ms. notes. submitted by Institute of Physics and Physical Society Conference on High Magnetic Fields, Their Production, and Their Application, Oxford, July 1963: list of participants. International Conference on Science of Superconductivity, General Electric Research Laboratory, New York, August 1963: related correspondence, programme, abstract of London paper on "superconductivity of thin films of niobiun'. Conference on Fundamental Aspects of Superconductivity, Varenna, June-July 1964: related correspondence, list of participants and contributed papers, programme, Ms. notes. Sympo- Conference on Transport Properties of Superconductors, Institute of Physics and Physical Society, Canterbury, March 1967: list of participants and papers, abstracts, Ms. notes. IX International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Columbus, Ohio, August 1964: related correspondence. sium on Quantum Fluids, Brighton, August 1965: programme, list of participants, Ms. notes. Symposium on Superfluid Helium, St. Andrew's, August 1965: related correspondence. X Internationa! Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Moscow, August-September 1966: related correspondence, programme. Conference on Solid State Physics, Institute of Physics and Physical Society, Manchester, January 1967: programme, list of participants. 1968: programme, list of participants. XI International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, St. Andrew's, August 1968: programme, abstract of London paper, 'Force free fields in reversible type II superconductors’, Ms. notes. Institute of Physics and Physical Society, Warwick, August Conference on AC properties of superconductors, Cordon Conference on Dynamics of Quantum Liquids and Solids, Mt. Ranier, Washington, July 1967: programme. NATO summer school on superconductivity, Montreal, June 1968: related correspondence, list of participants and papers. HL. C.S.A.C. 5/73 Qo OF 90. Jie Conference on Science of Superconductivity, Stanford, August 1969: related correspondence, itinerary. Book issued to participants in Stanford conference con— Annotated by London. XII International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Kyoto, Japan, September 1970: programme, related corres— pondence. of the International Institute of Refrigeration, Tokyo, September 1970: programme. (see also Items 60 - 62). Meeting of Commission Vests Correspondence 925 With Fritz London (includes drafts of H. London's letters) (some in German). With Fritz London (includes several undated letters and letters from Mrs. F. London). e ° e o a ° O R O © O A S D R C O N O S With C.J. Gorter (German). With Otto Hamburger (German). With David Schoenberg With Sir Francis Simon (German). With Martin Wood and Oxford Instrument Company. Miscellaneous scientific (see index to principal correspon- dents). Society (including VIII. Offprints 107. 108. Correspondence re fellowships, employment With Notgemeinschaft Deutscher Wissenschaftler im Ausland Miscellaneous correspondence with Royal letter of congratulation on election to the Royal Society from Myra Kaye). Miscellaneous testimonials; correspondence re serving as an external examiner. Miscellaneous correspondence re publications, reviews, letters to the editor etc. London, father). Offprints of Heinz London Offprints of Fritz London (includes 2 offprints by Franz a ‘ principal correspondents (nos. refer to items ) i“ ‘ f 4 100 19 99 107 104 1D¢-104. ALLEN, Dr. John Frank PRS BARKLA, Hugh M. BAUER, Edmond BERGER, Dr. Alice BERMAN, R. BOWEN, E. NM, BRETSCHER, Egon BRICKWEDDE, . F. BRODA, Hi. BUCHEL, Frida CHANDRASEKHAR, B. Subrahmanyan FRS CLARK, Geoffrey CLUSINS, COCKCROFT, Sir John Douglas 0.M., FRS COLLEY, Derek C. COMPTON, J. P. WwW F, FRS s DAVISON, B. de VRIES, A. Ee FRIEDLAND, Senta DUNWORTH, John Vernon DAUNT, Professor John G. FINNISTON, Harold Montague FROHLICH, Professor Herbert ENGEL, Mildred WERITT, Dr. C. HAMBURGER, Dr. Otto GORTER, C. GROSS, Philip HAAR, D. ter Het. 0.84.0, 5/73 HAWORTH, Professor HOPKINS, W. Je JONES, Professor Gwyn Owain JUSTI, E. KAPITZA, Peter L. FRS KAYE, Myra ere Alfred KRONBERGER, Hans FRS KURTI, Professor Nicholas FRS LI, K. T. LINDSELL, Herbert George LISTERMAN, Thomas LONDON, Gertrude Rosenthal LONDON, Lucie McINTEER, B. PHILLIPS, Dafydd PO} VELL, He We ROTH, E. FRS f(EISSNER, Professor W. MENDOZA, Professor Eric PEIRSON, David Edward Herbert MOTT, Sir Nevill Francis FRS MENDELSSOHN, Professor Kurt FRS PIPPARD, Professor Alfred Brian fle SIMON, Professor Sir Francis SKINNER, Herbert W. B. SCHONLAND, Sir Basil F. SCHOENBERG, David FRS SUMNER, A. TOEPLITZ, Imil WEISS, Professor Joseph J. WHITIHEAD, S. + WILLSON, Denis R.