BADEN-POWELL, Donald Ferlys Wilson

Published: 13 September, 2023  Author: admin


Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Donald Ferlys Wilson Baden-Powell B.Sc: (1897-1973) NCUACS catalogue no. 145/2/06 By Jeannine Alton and Peter Harper D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Compiled by: Jeannine Alton and Peter Harper Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Donald Ferlys Wilson Baden-Powell B.Sc., geologist (1897-1973) NCUACS catalogue no. 145/2/06 © 2006 National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, University of Bath Oxford University Museum of Natural History Reference code: GB 0462 OUMNH Baden-Powell papers Date of material: 1921-1973, 2006 Title: Extent of material: ca 675 items Deposited in: D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists in the production of this catalogue is made possible by the support of the following societies and organisations: Biochemical Society British Computer Society Institute of Physics Institution of Chemical Engineers Royal Society Trinity College Cambridge Royal Society of Chemistry Wellcome Trust D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THIS COLLECTION MAY YET BE AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION. ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO: THE DIRECTOR OXFORD UNIVERSITY MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY OXFORD D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 LIST OF CONTENTS GENERAL INTRODUCTION SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL SECTION B FIELD NOTEBOOKS AND NOTES SECTION C RESEARCH: REGIONS AND TOPICS SECTION D RESEARCH: RAISED BEDS SECTION E RESEARCH: PREHISTORY AND EARLY MAN SECTION F STRATIGRAPHIC PROJECTS SECTION L NON-TEXTUAL MATERIAL L.1-L.38 K.1-K.168 SECTION J SECTION H SECTION G LECTURES AND PAPERS SECTION K CORRESPONDENCE PUBLICATIONS AND PROJECTS SOCIETIES, ORGANISATIONS AND MEETINGS INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 GENERAL INTRODUCTION PROVENANCE The material, the great bulk of which covers the period 1921-1973, was received at Oxford University Museum of Natural History on permanent transfer from the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, on 21 October 2004. It should be noted that it comprises essentially Baden-Powell’s research material. There are virtually no personal or family correspondence and papers in the collection. OUTLINE OF THE CAREER OF DONALD BADEN-POWELL Donald Ferlys Wilson Baden-Powell was born at Theberton Hall, Suffolk on 5 October 1897, son of Sir George Smyth Baden-Powell MP, and grandson of Rev. Baden Powell who had held the Savilian Chair of Geometry at Oxford. His uncle, Robert, Lord Baden-Powell, was the founder of the Scouting Movement. writing, and to undertake expeditions and travel. He was also in frequent demand as a leader of field expeditions, most especially in East Anglia where he had many links. (H.64), he devoted his life to Quaternary studies, working as an honorary research worker in the Department of Geology. Though he shared in lecturing and teaching duties, he held no official appointment in the University or the Department until 1958 when the post of Lecturer in Prehistoric wounded, and entered Oriel College Oxford in 1919. From that time, the location and focus of his life His enquiring mind led him to explore the wider ramifications of his subject, keeping meteorological hardly changed. Following a first degree in Natural Science (Geology) in 1922 and a B.Sc in 1926 Archaeology was created for him; his private means enabled him to concentrate on research and Baden-Powell was educated at Eton, served in France in the First World War where he was seriously working, in 1973. making. His comments on his visit to the Soviet Union under Stalin in 1937 are also of interest. records of local weather at his home, and practising prehistoric techniques of fire, weapon and tool Baden-Powell received the Foulerton Award of the Geologists’ Association in 1956. He died, still D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION The material is presented as shown in the List of Contents. The following paragraphs are intended only to draw attention to items which may be of particular interest. Additional explanatory notes, information and cross-references are appended where appropriate to the separate sections and entries in the body of the catalogue. Section A. Biographical and Personal, contains very little documentation of Baden-Powell’s career and virtually no private or family material. There is a little correspondence on his service in the Observer Corps in the 1939-1945 War, and on his career at Oxford. His impressions of Russia in 1937 are also included here. Dame Margaret Turner-Warwick (Baden-Powell’s niece) kindly contributed recollections of her uncle, and family photographs, which appear at A.25. Section B, Field Notebooks and notes, includes a long sequence of field notebooks compiled 1921- 1973, documenting expeditions and travel in UK and abroad, carefully indexed and constantly referred to by Baden-Powell in all sections of the collection including his correspondence. In the absence of personal diaries they also furnish some insights into his personality. The regions most visited are East Anglia, the Oxford area, Yorkshire and Scotland; Baden-Powell’s notes on the changing formations of terrain and exposures are useful in recording now vanished or inaccessible features. The section also includes notes on undergraduate lectures attended by Baden-Powell, given by W.J. Sollas, J.A. astronomy, meteorology and languages. unencumbered by the demands of administration or the ambition to play a major part in public life. Douglas, H.L. Bowman and others, and on some of Baden-Powell’s ‘extra- mural’ interests such as seeming at first sight a narrow specialism, in fact was the clue to the whole of his later work, pursued to the detriment of his published record. The ‘glacial deposits’ led to research into the topic of glaciation, the dates of the ice ages, the advance and retreat of ice-sheets, coastal and river Sections C-F are all concerned with the research to which Baden-Powell devoted his life largely expanding under investigation to acquire international and historical ramifications, some of which he The title of his 1926 B.Sc. thesis, ‘The marine fauna of the glacial deposits of the British Isles’, while and his academic career at Oxford. formation, and climatology. The ‘marine fauna’ involved careful study and identification of specimens (at which Baden-Powell became an acknowledged and widely-consulted expert), of stratigraphy, of the main area of his research and field investigations, primarily in his native East Anglia, Yorkshire and Scotland, but he travelled extensively and incorporated European and other material into his work. Additionally, the long perspective of terrestrial and climate changes over time encouraged from the first an interest in archaeology and prehistory, which became dominant features in his research beaches, dunes and ‘raised beds’, and of comparable areas elsewhere. The ‘British Isles’ remained D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 An attempt has been made in this collection to divide into major areas the very substantial amount of Baden-Powell’s research material, which frequently overlaps in theme and location. Section C, Regions and Topics, deals with relatively clearly defined areas, often related to publications. Sections D, Raised Beds and E: Prehistory and Early Man, while distinct in their final form, may share some initial features which preclude any hard and fast dividing lines. Section F, Stratigraphic projects, comprises some of Baden-Powell’s most fundamental and respected work, on erratics and on molluscan biostratigraphy (see especially F.24). Each of these sections has its own introduction and list of contents. Section G, Lectures and papers, is fairly scanty and related mainly to work at Oxford. Section H, Publications and projects, reveals the strengths and the weaknesses of Baden-Powell’s relatively low-key career. It is clear that his published output was considerable and certainly more extensive than the attributed record. Since personal advancement played no part in his publishing schedule his work is often incorporated in official reports rather than appearing as a discrete item. Examples of this have been identified where possible. The inclusion of the term Projects, however, is a reminder of Baden-Powell’s tendency to envisage and draw up outline plans for major synoptic works, for which he would accumulate extensive notes and references which expanded exponentially references to the assistance or contribution which he regularly provided to the work of colleagues. to his own discoveries, field notebooks and unpublished material. committee service and attended few conferences. It may be that documentation about such activities was retained at his home and did not form part of the manuscript collection. in historical and geographical scope, but which - perhaps lacking the discipline of a deadline - did not come to completion It should be noted, however, that almost every section of the catalogue contains Section K, Correspondence, is extensive and of interest. Some of Baden-Powell’s correspondents Section J, Societies, organisations and meetings is somewhat slight since Baden-Powell did not seek were highly-respected scientists such as the geologist W.J. Arkell and the anthropologist K.P. Oakley excuses his own typed letters on the grounds of a poor memory. term correspondents used first names and ‘Baden-Powell’ was the usual mode of address; younger friends had no such inhibitions and write ‘Donald’ from the beginning. Among the older generation, typewritten letters were the exception and regarded as less than friendly - Baden-Powell often (perhaps his oldest friend). Others were ‘amateurs’ and local historians with long experience and knowledge of their district. Baden-Powell writes to them all in frank and friendly terms, often referring The social conventions of the time can be seen in the formalities of address. Few even of the long- D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Section L, Non-textual material, contains a range of photographs from the 1930s onwards, usually with dates and locations, some sent to Baden-Powell from colleagues and correspondents. Of special interest is the folder of portraits of Tasmanian Aboriginals from paintings by the English expatriate Thomas Bock; this is at L.38, with an explanatory note. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are grateful to Dame Margaret Turner-Warwick for contributing recollections of her mother and uncle, and family photographs. Many members of the staff of Oxford University Museum of Natural History have kindly given help and advice, in particular Professor W.J. Kennedy, Mr H.P. Powell, Miss E. Howlett and Miss M.T. Price. Mr P.A. Jeffery gave advice on many matters and also kindly read through and commented on the draft catalogue. Dr C. Whistler of the Ashmolean Museum advised on the Aboriginal portraits. J.B. Alton Oxford 2005 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL, A.1-A.25 1927-1976 The material surviving here is unfortunately scanty. a Though most of Baden-Powell’s life was spent as research worker at Oxford, he held no official position in the University until his appointment in 1958 as Lecturer in Prehistoric Archaeology, originally without stipend and within a few years of the retirement age. Thanks to private means, he was able to devote his time to assiduous research in his chosen fields and to undertake necessary travel. He was also, as might be expected, an enthusiastic and conscientious lecturer, writing in a letter of February 1955 (K.149) that he is rewriting some work since ‘the lectures to the students interest me very much, and | think it is most important to give them facts which are as much up-to-date as possible’. virtually no private correspondence here, There is but Baden-Powell’s wide culture and enquiring eye can be appreciated from his account of his journey to the Soviet Union in 1937 (A.23) which is of considerable general interest. A.20-A.25 BIOGRAPHICAL 1928-1976 BIOGRAPHICAL A.5 WAR SERVICE A.6-A.13 OXFORD UNIVERSITY A.14-A.19 CORRESPONDENCE MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS OF BIOGRAPHICAL INTEREST 1973. Obituary of Baden-Powell, by J.A. Douglas, published in Yearbook of the Geological Society 1973. Recollections of Baden-Powell by K.P. Oakley, October Obituary and biographical accounts 1973; 1976 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Biographical and personal, A.1-A.25 ‘Quaternary Studies at Oxford: a brief review’ by D.A. Roe, Quaternary Newsletter 1976 (photocopy). article to and Baden-Powell’s The refers Quaternary studies, Research generous benefaction of £10,000 to Francis Baden-Powell (son). to the Donald Baden-Powell through the university by contribution established 1975 the Centre to in Gift from Swedenborg Society Letter only. Correspondence and Institution papers re election to Royal 1951-1952 Baden-Powell and his son Francis were elected at the same time as Life Members. Includes a letter from ‘old Auntie’ (Mrs Warrington Baden-Powell) who was one of their sponsors. Award of the the Foulerton Geologists’ WAR SERVICE Award of Association Certificate and address (copy) by L.R. Cox Geological Society 200th Dinner, 1958 No material survives of Baden-Powell’s service in the war Baden-Powell was a member of the Ordnance Corps but was to thrombosis of the leg. He also undertook work for the Admiralty as ‘part-time Geographer’ in Naval Intelligence Division. Included here are miscellaneous notes made by Baden- Powell during the war. Correspondence and papers. 1944 because of 1939-1947 ill-health due released in D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Biographical and personal, A.1-A.25 of 1914-1918. OXFORD UNIVERSITY 1947-1972 association Papers and correspondence relating to Baden-Powell’s long the University Museum (now Museum of Natural History) and the Pitt Rivers Museum. University, mainly with the at Correspondence Letters exchanged with European Archaeology, Baden-Powell. C.F.C. Hawkes, Professor of re by teaching lectures and 1947-1954 1960-1965 1952-1965 1963-1967 1965-1967 Correspondence Brief correspondence on lecture arrangements Appointment as member of Committee for Archaeology Includes Hawkes’s recommendation with an account of Baden-Powell’s research and teaching. Letters and papers re Baden-Powell’s appointment as Lecturer in Prehistoric Archaeology. 1952-1972 Correspondence on F.S.S.U. retirement arrangements Baden-Powell’s drafts for annual reports Department of Geology 1952-1966. Miscellaneous applications 1948, 1955 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Biographical and personal, A.1-A.25 Committee for Archaeology 1960-1966. Pitt Rivers Museum 1962-1972. Supervision and examining for higher degrees 1948-1965 A.14-A.19 CORRESPONDENCE A.14-A.17 Family correspondence A.14 Gift to Scott Polar Institute, Cambridge of a bronze statue of Nansen 1954 Includes letter 1927 from Nansen recalling dear friend’ (Baden-Powell’s father). ‘my old and 1927-1973 1927-1972 1927, 1954 Correspondence re C. Piazzi Smyth (great-uncle) the Wilson family and other 1970-1972 Frances Wilson was Baden-Powell’s mother, wife of George Baden-Powell. Sir Genealogical enquiries on ancestors of Baden-Powell Includes letters from ‘Aunt Olave’ (widow of Lord Baden- Powell) and W.J. Arkell. 1951-1973 Miscellaneous personal correspondence 1945-1973 and n.d. Correspondence with students and former students D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Biographical and personal, A.1-A.25 A.20-A.25 MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS OF BIOGRAPHICAL INTEREST Astronomical drawing Chinese Ideographs (started 11 December 1938) Visit to the U.S.S.R. for the 17th International Geological Congress, Moscow, July 1973 Official congress programme book, with Baden-Powell’s notes of visits, sites, fauna, etc. Black soft-backed folder with Baden-Powell’s account of visit, impressions of U.S.S.R. and the Communist the experiment in all aspects of daily life as he saw them during the visit See also B.17. With manuscript inscription at top Baden-Powell’ who chemistry and Hebrew at St Andrews. See A.25). (Baden-Powell’s first page ‘Maud studied sister of 214pp manuscript, and loose page of ‘Omissions’. ‘Practical Inorganic Chemistry Preliminary Examination’ University Musuem of Natural History). Recollections Baden-Powell, contributed by Dame Margaret Turner-Warwick, February 2006. With photocopied photographs of Baden-Powell, father and grandfather. Also incuded here are photocopied group photographs at the University Museum 1922, 1961, 1963 (originals at the of Donald and Maud D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION B FIELD NOTEBOOKS AND NOTES, B.1-B.65 1921-1973 B.1-B.54 FIELD NOTEBOOKS B.55-B.57 OXFORD UNIVERSITY LECTURES B.58-B.62 MISCELLANEOUS SCIENCE B.63, B.64 MISCELLANEOUS B.65 NOTES FIELD NOTEBOOKS 1921-1973 many visits abroad, the to paged notebooks, and were including with included The names of colleagues accompanying Baden-Powell may be be bibliographical references of relevance to the case. As well as formal information, diagrams and tables on finds and localities, the notebooks often have a diary-like quality recording something of Baden-Powell’s personality. as may also entries, the of refers These form a sequence of small-format, hard-backed, greatest lined importance to Baden-Powell. He the books constantly in all sections of the collection, including his correspondence, in the form ‘FNB no...’. They record his expeditions, usually undertaken privately and not otherwise documented. Most are numbered on the cover. The pages are also numbered and there is an index inside of places and sites visited, including museums and other collections. From about 1934 Baden-Powell also compiled a full A-Z index of topics and sites on the last pages of the book. format, bought from an Oxford stationer. As time went on, with frequent repeated visits to the same localities especially in East Anglia and the Oxford area, Baden-Powell cross- references between notebooks to compare changes in terrain and exposures. The last few pages of the books become occupied with Baden-Powell’s conclusions or reflections on the findings. His additions and reworkings are shown by changes of writing materials. in the same buff linen-finish - 28 (to 1949) are all increasingly complex _ makes Books 1 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Soft-backed notebook 1921-1923 This is the first and earliest record, before Baden-Powell Pagination 2-112, and had fixed a format for the books. an index at rear have been added later. First dated entry runs 11 May 1921, to 22 September 1923. Many localities in UK and Europe. In poor condition. Numbered ‘2’ on cover Pages numbered 1-141, index at front. Entries 14 March - 13 October 1924, all UK localities. Numbered ‘3’ on cover Pages with diagrams at rear, index at front. numbered 1-140 unnumbered pages of 1925-1927 and n.d. mainly Oxford Numbered ‘4’ on cover 25 October 1928, Numbered ‘5’ on cover Entries localities, also France. April 11 - Pages numbered 1-156, index at front, continued at rear. Entries 28 June 1925 - 30 March 1927 (some undated), all UK localities. 1930-1932 Entries 12 June 1930 - 7 September 1932, localities in UK and Europe. Entries 10 November 1928 - 29 November 1931, localities in UK and Europe. Pages continued at rear. numbered Pages numbered 1-157, index at front. Numbered ‘6’ on cover 1928-1931 1-159, index inside front cover, D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Numbered ‘7’ on cover 1932-1933 Pages numbered 1-154, index inside front cover. Entries 20 September 1932 - 24 July 1933, localities in UK and France. Numbered ‘8’ on cover Pages numbered 1-158, index at rear. Entries 31 July - 22 August 1933 and cover the expedition with C.S. Elton to the Hebrides. See also C.33-C.36. Numbered ‘9’ on cover 1933-1934 Pages continued at rear. numbered 1-160, index inside front cover, Numbered ‘10’ on cover Pages numbered 1-158, index at rear Entries 23 July - 5 September 1934 and some undated. Entries 5 September 1933 - 15 July 1934, all UK localities. Detailed notes and drawings, including expedition to the Fens with J.P.T. Burchell and R.M. Moir. continued in detail at rear. Entries 21 September 1934 - 5 May 1936, all East Anglia localities, including expeditions with Burchell and Moir. Pages continued in detail at rear. numbered 1-161, index inside front cover, Numbered ‘11’ on cover Numbered ‘12’ on cover index inside front cover, Pages numbered 1-154, 1934-1936 1936-1937 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Entries 5-25 August 1936 covering expedition with C.S. Elton to Hebrides, work continuing at various dates and localities 28 October 1936 - 3 November 1937. Numbered ‘13’ on cover Pages continued in detail at rear. numbered 1-161, index inside front cover, Entries 6 May - 12 October 1936, all East Anglia localities. ‘Numbered ‘14’ on cover Pages continued in detail at rear. numbered 1-161, index inside front cover, Entries Anglia colleagues. 17 August - localities, 18 December 1936, including several mainly East with expeditions 1937-1939 1937-1938 Numbered ‘15 on cover numbered 1-160, index inside front Numbered ‘16’ on cover Entries Oxford localities. 10 January 1937 - 4 September 1939, mainly Pages numbered 1-164, continued in detail at rear. Entries 2 April 1937 - including expeditions with colleagues. Pages cover, continued in detail, including ‘National Service pits’ at rear. See also A.22, A.23 Pages numbered 1-142, detailed alphabetical index at rear. Entries 28 June - sketches of travel in USSR. 2 May 1938, East Anglia localities, 2 August 1937, detailed accounts and Numbered ‘17’ on cover D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Numbered ‘18’ on cover 1937-1938 Pages numbered 1-162, index inside front cover. Entries 11 August 1937 - 26 August 1938, localities in UK and Baden-Powell’s experiments in flaking. including France, Numbered ‘19’ on cover 1938-1939 Pages numbered 1-160, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 25 September 1938 - Anglia localities. 4 March 1939, all East Numbered ‘20’ on cover Pages numbered 1-156, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Numbered ‘21’ on cover 1939-1941 Pages numbered 1-155, index inside front cover. ‘Numbered ‘22’ on cover 1939-1946 Entries 26 March 1939 - Yorkshire localities, expeditions and experiments. 8 August 1941, Scottish and Entries 7 March - 15 July 1939, all East Anglia localities, includes expeditions with R.M. Moir and F.E. Zeugner. and ‘Palaeolithic Practice’, also garden notes. Pages numbered 1-160, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 15 July 1939 - 31 August 1946, all UK localities. Entries 5 September - 16 December 1939, Oxford area Pages numbered 1-161, index inside front cover. Numbered ‘23’ on cover D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 ‘Numbered ‘24’ on cover 1939-1946 Pages numbered 1-160, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 27 December 1939 - area excursions with J.R. Moir, W.J. Arkell, C.S. Elton. 11 November 1946, Oxford palaeolithic experiments, garden notes, localities, Numbered ‘25’ on front cover 1946-1947 Pages numbered 1-161, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 13 November 1946 - 21 July 1947, East Midlands and East Anglia localities, changes in formation noted. Numbered ‘26’ on cover 1947-1950 Pages numbered 1-164, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. to Holland 1947-1949 Numbered 27 on front cover Entries 6 August 1947 - 22 May 1950, visit August 1947, otherwise all UK localities. Pages numbered 1-161, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. 12 June 1949, East Anglia with colleagues, and International Geological Baden-Powell led Entries 30 October 1947 - localities, Congress Ipswich September 1948. several excursions with delegates. 1949-1950 Pages numbered 1-162, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries localities, expeditions, discussions with colleagues. 14 June 1949 - March 1950, 21 East Anglia ‘Numbered ‘28’ on cover D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Red notebook numbered ‘29’ and ‘E. Anglia’ on cover 195021952 Pages numbered 1-179, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 3 May 1950 - discussions with colleagues. 11 March 1952, expeditions and Black notebook, not numbered on cover, ‘FNB 30’ inside front cover 1950-1951 Pages numbered 1-178, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 4 July 1950 - 12 May 1951, France and localities in UK, British Association Birmingham September Blue soft-backed notebook ‘31 France 1951’ on cover c.1950, 1951 Pages numbered 1-45. Blue notebook, ‘32 Oxford Holland and Germany’ on cover 195121953 Red notebook numbered ‘33’ on cover Account of journey through France 9-28 July on pp6-45; local expeditions March 1951 on pp. 1-4. At rear of book pencil notes c.1950 refer to the disposition of various family possessions. Pages numbered 1-198, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 6 March 1951 - 17 July 1953, including Geologists’ Association meeting and excursions April, visit to Holland April 1952, to Germany, May-June 1953. NOO2=N IS Entries 22 July 1952 - 2 August 1957, all East Anglia localities, including expedition July 1952 with W.J. Arkell, W.B.R. ‘FNB’ references to previous visits to the area. Pages numbered 1-172, index at front, detailed index at rear. King and H.E.P. Spencer. P.1 lists D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Black notebook, ‘34 Sicily and Italy’ on cover Pages numbered 1-191, detailed index at rear. Entries 16 August - 16 September 1953 including account of INQUA conference, papers read, excursions etc. Brown notebook, numbered ‘35’ on cover 1953-1956 Pages numbered 1-181, index at front, detailed index at rear, notes of photographs taken included on loose page. Entries 13 October 1953 - 24 May 1956 including notes on the Westlake Collection, expeditions in UK, France and Italy. Brown notebook, numbered ‘36’ on cover Pages numbered 1-158, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. - 1957-1958 Entries expeditions, visits to colleagues and museums. 1957, June July 25 all 1 - East Anglian Entries 15 April localities. 13 September 1956, all East Anglia Pages numbered 1-78, index at rear. Soft-backed notebook, no front cover, ‘37’ on front page Soft-backed notebook, no front cover, ‘38’ on first page 1957-1960 Pages numbered 1-79, index on first page, detailed index at rear. Entries 24 July 1957 - 20 March 1958 (continuation of B.37), East Anglian localities. Entries 6 September 1957 - 2 October 1960, UK localities and visits to Italy. Soft-backed notebook, no front cover, ‘39’ on first page Index on first page. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Black notebook, no number on cover, ‘40’ on first page 1958-1960 Pages numbered 2-80, index on first page, detailed index at rear. Entries 8 April 1958 - localities and museums. 20 July 1960, all East Anglian Soft-backed notebook, no cover, ‘41’ on front page Pages numbered 2-76, detailed index at rear. Entries 7 July - 24 August 1958, all work and visits for the Geologists’ by Baden-Powell and R.G. West. Association Centenary Excursion led See also J.13-J.15. Black notebook, no number on cover, ‘42 Isotasy’ on first page Green notebook, numbered ‘43’ on cover 1959-1960 Pages numbered 1-78, detailed index at rear. Entries 25 continuing work on Isotasy. April 1959 - Entries 15-24 September 1958, excursions to Scotland re work on Scottish Isostasy. Pages numbered 1-155, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Pages numbered 1-155, index inside front cover, detailed Pages numbered 2-80, index on first page, detailed index at rear. Entries 31 October 1959 - 22 April 1962, all UK localities. Soft-backed notebook, no cover, ‘44’ on first page Green notebook, ‘45’ on cover 1960-1962 13 June 1960, UK localities, 1959-1962 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 index at rear. Entries 13 June 1960 (continuing B.43) - 23 June 1962, all Yorkshire localities. Soft-backed notebook, no cover, ‘46’ on first page 1961-1965 Pages numbered 2-71, index at rear. Entries 8 September 1961 - 23 September 1965, visits to Italy. Small black notebook, not numbered on cover, ‘47’ on first 1962-1967 page Pages numbered 1-158, index at front, detailed index at rear. Entries 26 April 1962 - including Birmingham Quaternary Conference April 1964 April 1967, all UK localities, 8 page Pages numbered 2-158, detailed index at rear. Green notebook, ‘48’ on cover 1962-1963 Pages numbered 1-144, detailed index at rear. Small black notebook, no number on cover, ‘49’ on first Entries 23 June 1962 (continuation of B.45) - 10 August 1963, all Yorkshire localities. 1964-1968 Entries 13 July 1964 - 25 July 1968, localities in Yorkshire and Scotland. Pages numbered 1-153, index pages of detailed indexes at rear. Entries 1 June 1966 - 24 December 1970, all UK localities. 1966-1970 Brown notebook, ‘50’ on cover on first page, several D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Small black notebook, no number on cover, ‘51’ inside front cover 1967-1969 Pages numbered 2-151, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 16 June 1967 - 22 May 1969, localities in Norfolk and Scotland. Red notebook, ‘52’ on cover 1969-1972 Pages numbered 1-178, index at front, detailed indexes at rear. Entries 25 Northumberland and Scotland. 1969 July 14 - May 1972, localities in Small black notebook, no number on cover, ‘53’ inside front cover 1971-1972 Pages numbered 2-153, index inside front cover, detailed index at rear. Entries 30 July 1972 - experiments. Small black notebook, no number on cover, ‘54’ inside front cover Entries 17 June 1971 - 22 July 1972, all UK localities, on prehistory and implements, including ‘Mac’s Experiments’ (W.S. McKerrow). Pages numbered 2-62, index inside front cover and at rear. Not all book used (Baden-Powell died in September 1973). ca 1920s The books are not dated, but probably represent lecture notes from Baden-Powell’s undergraduate period, 1919- 1923, sometimes re-worked and re-copied later. B.55-B.57 OXFORD UNIVERSITY LECTURES 1972-1973 3 July 1973, mainly prehistory and D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Small hard-backed dark red notebook, stamped ‘French on cover ’ n.d. c. 1922 Pages numbered 1-218, not all legible. used. Both ends of book Includes notes on lectures by W.J. Sollas, J.A. Douglas, T.V. Barker, H.L. Bowman, on mineralogy, geology, ores, crystallography, raised beaches. At rear of book, similar notes from Barker and Douglas, including a manuscript note ‘Notes copied 28 Oct. 38’. Blue soft-backed notebook n.d. c.1922 front At crystallography, lectures by J.A. Douglas on ores. lectures book, T.V. 1-4 by of Barker on At rear of book, lectures by W.J. Sollas on prehistory, waves and tides, etc midec:1922 from lectures B.58-B.62 by Barker’ Blue soft-backed notebook MISCELLANEOUS SCIENCE Pages numbered 1-131, both ends used. principally on Notes crystallography, and by Douglas on economic geology, mining, water flow. n.d. Notes on Pembroke, North Wales, Wirral and Liverpool, mainly on rasied beds and shells. Not included in the Field Notebook series. Dark brown loose-leaf notebook, stamped ‘D.B.P.’ cover. Small blue soft-backed notebook, pages numbered 1-52 At rear (in another hand) notes on Spanish. n.d., 1927-1970 1927-1947 and on D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 Notes on various topics, with some paginated sequences on waves (pp.1-28) and glaciation (pp1-52), some with dates 1927-1934. At rear of book, notes on music, includes piano pieces performed or learnt 1937-1947 and musical notations of melody composed or ‘dreamt’ by Baden-Powell. Black loose-leaf notebook Several series of numbered pages of notes on beds, fauna etc Scandinavia, etc. on various sites raised UK, Spitsbergen, in Two notebooks marked ‘ANB’ (astronomy notebooks), of observations of sunspots, eclipses, constellations etc., made by Baden-Powell at his home 1938-1970 ANB 1, 3 March 1938 - 17 April 1960 1938-1960 Later observations are more sporadic. MISCELLANEOUS 1960-1970 ANB 2, 26 April 1960 - 19 November 1970 Small red soft-backed notebook of Danish vocabulary and phrases and narrative Brown soft-backed notebook of Scots Gaelic vocabulary D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Field notebooks and notes, B.1-B.65 on loose-leaf topics, Notes miscellaneous observations at Oxford, on climate, erosion, etc. small-format some _ from on paper, many Baden-Powell’s rain and snowfall, 1 bundle, A-Z. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION C RESEARCH: REGIONS AND TOPICS, C.1-C.54 1927-1973 The material is presented for convenience in alphabetical order of region and topic. are topics relatively Some include correspondence on visits or publications; others represent an ongoing interest with very considerable documentation, references and comment. may _ brief and C.1-C.4 CLIMATE C.5-C.32 GLACIATION C.33-C.36 THE HEBRIDES C.37-C.39 MARINE LEVELS C.40-C.45 SCOTTISH ISOSTASY C.46-C.48 C.49-C.54 CLIMATE YORKSHIRE SUFFOLK CRAG Baden-Powell’s lists of major world-wide meteorological events, compiled from journals, press reports and other sources, some with comments. Meteorites 1623-1969 Earthquakes 1185-1973 Floods 1927-1973 See also C.40. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: regions and topics, C.1-C.54 Volcanoes 1538-1973 is an here Included by Baden-Powell ‘Possible Optical Phenomena resulting from the Eruption of Hekla [Iceland], and a table of ‘Climatic Evidence’ of volcanic effects 1965. undated note GLACIATION of massive topic ice advance and with consequent formation and and It The very extensive material presented here is identified in headnotes by Baden-Powell as pertaining to his work on the over in millennia, coastline of necessity with other of his research interests in raised beds, shells and gravels, and similar material may be found in Sections D and F. Similarly the notes here on Scottish glaciation (C.13-C.26) have links with those on Scottish isotasy (C.40-C.45). retreat alteration overlaps features. natural other of the texts ‘Late Glacial’ and comments on all manuscript, is dated. C.7-C.32 are notes on the C.5, C.6 are general notes. counties or regions of Britain. It Very little of the work, which is and comprises analyses 19th century onwards, theories from geologists of Few are dated; often in extensive paginated sequences. the entries. Baden- such dates as occur are noted in Powell’s frequent reworkings are sometimes dated, or are indicated by changes in writing materials. fronts, retreats etc. Extensive notes and sequences numbered 1-5, possibly for a paper or publication (latest reference 1967) Sequence of notes (pp.1-82); shorter sequences on ice- ‘Late Gl.’ D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: regions and topics, C.1-C.54 England Cheshire lrish Sea (latest reference 1971) Isle of Man Lake District and Cumberland Lancashire Several sequences, some extensive. 1958. Latest reference Oct. 39’, S.E. Scotland S. Scotland S.W. Scotland C.13-C.26 Scotland N.E. England, Northumberland and Durham Extensive sequences, one headed ‘Started 11 latest date 7 July 1964. Paginated 1-90. Extensive sequences, latest reference 1969 N.E. Scotland D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: regions and topics, C.1-C.54 N.W. Scotland N. Highlands Caithness Clava (Nairn) Clyde Extensive sequences, including notes started 1969. East Ross and Sutherland Kintyre Loch Lomond Mull and Colonsay rocks. Included here by Baden-Powell as relating to S. Scotland rocks. Included here by Baden-Powell as relating to S. Scotland St Kilda Shropshire Staffordshire D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: regions and topics, C.1-C.54 C.29-C.31 Wales C.29 Wales (including Oswestry, Rhyl) North Wales South Wales Extensive sequences Wem (Shropshire) This is included here because of ‘Welsh ice-sheets’. The material relates to two expeditions paid to Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, in 1933 and 1935, with C.S. Elton. They published a joint paper ‘On the relation between a raised beach and an Iron Age midden on the Island of Lewis’ Baden-Powell published ‘On the glacial and interglacial marine beds on Northern Lewis’ (Geol. Mag. 75). Antiqu. (Proc. Scot, and 71) C.33-C.36 HEBRIDES Their first visit, in August 1933, elicited a formal complaint from the Ancient Monuments Board for Scotland about ‘unauthorised interference with prehistoric monuments’, and possible court action for ‘breaking open the ground without ... the permission of the proprietor’. Elton and an apology, and the Baden-Powell submitted a offer of the material to the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland at Edinburgh. 1932-1950 Baden-Powell’s field notebooks on the expedition are at Bis). Bel2- Official correspondence Baden-Powell’s report etc complaint, report, about Elton and D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: regions and topics, C.1-C.54 Correspondence with colleagues on identification of plant and peat specimens collected in 1933 1933-1950 Correspondence and papers 1932-1937 Arrangements for diagrams of localities, notes on ‘Age of Islands’. visit 1935, Baden-Powell’s maps and Notes and information on Lewis and the Hebrides C.37-C.39 MARINE LEVELS 1934-1972 Correspondence and papers on coastal formation, tides, erosion, mainly on the East Coast. 1934-1972 Correspondence and papers Mainly on changes in coastal levels since Roman times, initiated at Fenland Research Committee meeting April 1934 and continuing with intervals to 1967. Includes reports by Baden-Powell on shells at Roman sites in Essex (1948) and at Reculver, Kent (1959 and 1965-1967). ‘Isostatic recovery in Scotland’ (Nature, vol 199). Manuscript notes and paginated sequences, on Islands, USSR, Tropical America etc Notes and material related to Baden-Powell’s 1963 paper SCOTTISH ISOSTASY 1963-1972 Manuscript Yarmouth notes, mainly on Thames, Essex and Pacific C.40-C.45 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: regions and topics, C.1-C.54 Correspondence with paper, manuscript notes on Scottish Ilsostasy and 28pp notes on earthquakes in Scotland colleagues arising from 1963-1967 See also C.1. Manuscript notes on beaches, glaciation, deposits, shells etc. in S.W. Scotland and S. Uplands (continued 1967) N.E. and N.W. Scotland S.E. Scotland (continued 1968) Aberdeen, Caithness, Dumfries (continued 1963) C.46-C.48 and drafts 1956-1973 SUFFOLK CRAG deals and with further ‘Raised beaches’ (continued 1972) Baden-Powell published a paper on the Suffolk Crag in The material here post- 1955 (Trans. Suffolk Nat. Soc). excavations, continuing dates correspondence notes for publications. ee Correspondence dating identification of Suffolk Crag specimens and artifacts Mainly with H.E.P. Spencer, on excavations and molluscs collected at ‘Report on marine Mollusca from the Red Crag at Beggar’s Hollow, Ipswich’ 1961; notes and list of ‘Crag Zoning’ 1959-1961. Sizewell, and Baden Powell’s Correspondence and papers with colleagues on _ this and 1956-1961 and 1960-1973 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: regions and topics, C.1-C.54 a letter April 1972 Baden-Powell writes: ‘| am at the In moment writing up the stratigraphy of the British Crag ...’. Drafts, ideas and notes on Crag 1960-1972 Includes drafts ‘For Crag Paper’ on The Geological age of the British Abbevillian Industry’ and notes on radioactive dating of Crag material 1972. C.49-C.54 YORKSHIRE 1959-1969 Like East Anglia and Scotland, this was a region where Baden-Powell made many expeditions, and identifying includes correspondence, notes and background material. specimens. collecting material The arranging visits to 1959-1964 1965-1969 Correspondence and papers Correspondence colleagues Yorkshire, identifying specimens etc with Baden-Powell’s letters April 1959 to W.S. Bisat and L.F. Penny outline his research plans for the areas of Kelsey, Holderness and elsewhere, especially Bridlington Crag. Including material on the Quaternary Field Study Group 1965 meeting at Durham at which Baden-Powell arranged an exhibit ‘Marine shells from the Yorkshire Drift’, later visits, identifications. July 1963 Substantial sequences of notes on glaciation and retreat in Yorkshire, with special reference to Bridlington Crag. Outline plans for publication or chapter headings and index on Yorkshire 124pp sequence of notes on Yorkshire and on Bridlington Crag D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: regions and topics, C.1-C.54 Holderness, Miscellaneous notes on Yorkshire locations and dates, including Hill, Kilham (includes Baden-Powell’s expeditions 1959-1963 with references to rivers (May 1960), Speeton; 21pp references field notebooks), Kirmington, Holocene (28pp), Kelsey D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION D RESEARCH: RAISED BEDS, D.1-D.40 1924-1972 The material is presented for convenience by region. It comprises the extensive material compiled by Baden- Powell from reading, study of specimens and personal excavations over many years (1924-1972), on beach formation, coastal changes, glaciation, marine fauna and gravels. his publications and some was accumulated for the major publications which he did not achieve. Some of material used was the in The notes record earlier work and theories by others, but also Baden-Powell’s comments on his own work made in the light These are dated where possible in the entries. of recent discoveries. D.1-D.27 UK AREAS D.28-D.31 AFRICA ASIA EUROPE Avon D.32 D.33 D.34-D.40 AMERICA UK AREAS Several paginated sequences, continuing to 1958 41pp. sequence. Birmingham Cambridge D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: Raised Beds, D.1-D.40 Corton Sands 1945-1946 Includes comments on corrections to own early work based on new lists. Coventry Croyde and Barnstaple Quotes own B.Sc. Thesis and discusses later work, last date 1962. Croxley 1p. only. with references in the area, 1924-1972 and notes headed ‘Debate at 1924-1957, East Anglia Gravels, Fenland and some comments by Baden-Powell on his own early thesis and papers March gravels including Substantial assemblage of sequences, many paginated, mainly on coastal changes, history of coasts and floods. Includes notes of own field- References continue to 1972. work to notebooks, Norwich’, perhaps for talk and later publication. lrish Sea and Ireland Substantial assemblages of sequences, many paginated, index, latest reference 1957 Hertford - Essex conclusions,’ references, 1p. ‘general D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: Raised Beds, D.1-D.40 Substantial assemblage of sequences, many paginated, on glaciation, erratics, flakes, implements etc. Isle of Man Lancashire Lincoln, Lincolnshire coast, Wash Macclesfield Moel Trefaen St Cross Severn Sewerby Shropshire Thames South England (Torbay, Portland etc, includes correction to own B.Sc. thesis for Brighton) Sussex and Hampshire Staffordshire D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: Raised Beds, D.1-D.40 Trent (latest reference 1963) D.28-D.31 AFRICA Includes diagrams, lists of molluscs North Africa, Algeria and Morocco West Africa AMERICA Glacial retreat. Brief notes only. South Africa East Africa and Ghana, dated August 1966 Asia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, East Indies, Phillipines D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: Raised Beds, D.1-D.40 D.34-D.40 EUROPE Belgium and Holland Notes, marine fauna. Channel Islands. Belle Hogue Cave Baden-Powell published a paper in 1946 ‘Report on the molluscs from Soc. Jersiaise). Belle Hogue Cave, Jersey’ (Bull. France especially Auvergne Substantial sequences, latest date Feb 1971, includes discussion with Sandford 1937. Southern France 61pp sequence. Spain Spitsbergen and Norway Mediterranean Islands, Corsica, Malta, Sardinia 76). Baden-Powell published a collaborative paper with C.S. Elton on raised beach fossils from Spitsbergen in 1931 (Geol. Mag 68) and a second paper in 1939 (Geol. Mag. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION E RESEARCH: PREHISTORY AND EARLY MAN, E.1-E.90 1936-1973 Section E, like the previous Section D, contains abundant research material on this far-ranging topic, drawn from Baden-Powell’s own research and from his extensive reading. Although the time-scale is in vast than less geology, the geographical range is wider, dealing with the location, dating and development of human life at many points on the planet. Since these factors in themselves depend on the geological and climatological conditions which enable man to survive, there is an unavoidable degree of overlap. Baden-Powell himself recognised this and often re-assigned material to suit some immediate project ‘temporarily’ as he would write in a headnote. in also the what early man is seen in His interest in the habitat, implements, culture and social notes on existence of tool cultures (E.46-E.52) and he designated ‘Pagan Survivals’ (E.53-E.72) such as cult objects, sites and rituals. The items on experimental prehistory at E.73- E.90 describe Baden-Powell’s own ventures into practical archaeology in making tools, weapons, fire and shelter and the lifelong interest in prehistory became predominant in his later years as can be seen from the reworking and dating of the notes continuing to within a few weeks before his death in September 1973. like. His E.46-E.52 E.53-E.72 E.1-E.6 E.7-E.45 TOOL CULTURES PREHISTORY REGIONS PREHISTORIC PERIODS EARLY MAN AND PAGAN SURVIVALS sequences. EXPERIMENTAL PREHISTORY PREHISTORIC PERIODS Pre-palaeolithic Substantial E.73-E.90 and other shorter sequence pp.1-120, D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 Palaeolithic and Lower Palaeolithic Upper Palaeolithic and Mendips Notes and drawings Mesolithic notes and Substantial references, many on Scotland. Various dates, several in 1969, and 4pp. on Portland dated April 1973. Neolithic Substantial notes and sequences, mainly on East Anglia including Baden-Powell’s own field notes 1936-1939, and 92pp. sequence on Grime’s Graves. Bronze Age work by S.H. Warren and PREHISTORY: REGIONS climate, plants, implements, many on Notes on Anglian sites. sequences Engleheart (qqv). on East Includes 44pp on Holocene Plants, and F.H.A. General references References, drawings, notes and comments, some full and reworked, few dated. East Anglia ‘Arch’ UK and Ireland D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 Bolton’s Pit Breckland Clacton Paginated collaborative paper with S.H. Warren published 1955 Reference 7-20. Baden-Powell’s to Corton Beds Work dated 1967, references to field notebook excursions 1934-1939, 12pp. Crag Implements Durham Farnham 1966 Continues to June 1971. Sequence pp.1-24 and other notes and references. See also E.28. Includes drawings and diagrams for Baden-Powell’s paper ‘Palaeoliths from the Fen District’ Soc. 1951). Several sequences, including notes on Swanscombe Hertford - Essex (Proc. Prehist. Fenland See H.25. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 High Lodge Sequence 16pp. Hitchin Hoxne Sequences 52pp and 28pp. lreland Knowle Farm Midlands Rochester Scotland Mousehold, Norfolk Several sequences including 26pp ‘Edinburgh’ started January 1973 and 14pp ‘Hebrides’ started June 1973 and referring to work for 1926 B.Sc. thesis. Sequence pp.7-32. South Acre Stoke Newington Swanscombe D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 Yorkshire Not used E.31-E.36 Africa Australopithecus Several sequences on implements, hominids etc. See also E.53. North Africa. Algeria West Africa Brief notes only. Two folders. South Africa E534, E:35 East Africa Several extensive sequences, including Uganda, Olduvai Gorge. Brief notes only. Several extensive sequences. America American Indians. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 Notes on South-East Asia, China, Java. E.39-E.41 Australasia Australia Latest reference 1971. New Zealand Tasmania Several extensive sequences of notes and references, including ‘Survivals’. East Mediterranean East Mediterranean and Palestine Several sequences. Work continues to 1970. Several extensive sequences of notes and references, mainly on Auvergne and Eoliths. France Portugal D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 India notes Late prehistoric evidence in Bombay area. 1973 1970 on - July implements and E.46-E.52 TOOL CULTURES Baden-Powell This is a collection of notes and material brought together by early cultures, some well-known and substantial, others less familiar and quite brief. accepted headings under of The headings are Baden-Powell’s and the presented alphabetically. some of the regions previously dealt with. often examined by Baden-Powell in Oxford. is There is obvious overlap with Head-notes represents collections the Pitt-Rivers Museum material material indicate that the Acheulian Abbevillian Several sequences, mainly on Auvergne, including notes on work by H. Breuil Several sequences, mainly work by Breuil in the Somme, also UK sites. Magosian; Netufian; Proto-Clacton Fauresmith; Kebaran; Levallois (several sequences and references) Aterian; Bambata; Capsian; Creswellian D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 Sangoan; Wilton Stellenbosch; Stillbay; Tayacian; Tumbian; Miscellaneous notes and narratives, variously paginated, on n.d., perhaps early work cultural periods and early skills and survival, E.53-E.72 EARLY MAN AND PAGAN SURVIVALS This material represents a dominant theme in Baden- Powell's later years, as evidenced by the re-working and late dates on his notes. and excursions in reading, thinking his he did, often an elaborate, much- He assembled, as revised programme of work under the heading ‘Pagan Survivals’, separated into ‘Possible excavation of sites’ ‘Possible evidence’, sub-divided into topics which and might have formed chapters of at The material at E.55-E.68, often headed ‘Pagan E.54. Survivals’ seems to is presented here, for convenience, in alphabetical order. this document. a publication. linked to This is It be Early man Miscellaneous notes on Australopithecus, Meganthropus, Pithecanthropus, Piltdown Jaw. More general material, including Baden-Powell’s notes on various UK prehistoric sites and customs is at E.69-E.72. mainly southern UK regions. Some with dates 1965-1971. Substantial sequence 90pp and 2pp index, of location, description, comments on barrows in various locations Baden-Powell’s 4pp outline examined. sites and topics ‘Pagan survivals’ ‘7 Barrows’ be of to D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 ‘Cave sites’ 12pp. ‘Burials and churches’. ‘Dartmoor orientation’ ‘Dieties’ (sic) and nomenclature ‘Houses’ 12pp. ‘River worship’ ‘Sea worship’ ‘Shell cult’ ‘Stonehenge’ ‘Ritual’ 10pp. Also 1p. on stone worship. 46pp, 22pp and shorter sequences and references on the orientation and purpose of Stonehenge. Several sequencies on cowries, trumpets, pearls. Late work 1972-1973. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 ‘Sun worship’ and moon worship. ‘Tree worship’ Notes on witchcraft, sacrifices etc E.69-E.72 Other miscellaneous notes E.69 ‘Christian Iron Age’ 6pp. iRicts: Several sequences on archaeology, language, symbols, etc. Rollright stones and Stanton Harcourt, Oxon. Several sequences, including references to 1927 visit, last reference 1971 Scotland ‘Cup and Ring’ E.73-E.90 EXPERIMENTAL PREHISTORY 1937-1972 Baden-Powell tried his hand at the practical aspects of prehistory over a long period 1937-1971, at home and in E.73, E.74 give details of various locations round Oxford. his experiments, often with references back to field notebooks. The experiments are set out in an alphabetical order at E.78 - E.90, some drawing on written sources, others on personal tests. The headings are Baden-Powell’s though there is considerable overlap e.g. between ‘Archery’ and ‘Bows and Arrows’. his D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 ‘Implements’ Baden-Powell’s ‘Approx. place and field notebook references. to 13 June 1971. list of specimens made’, with 13 December 1937 ‘Experiment as a whole. Summary’ October 1937 - December 1958. ‘Environment of Prehistoric Man’ 12pp narrative and notes, begun 6 March 1938 ‘Need for implements’ and ‘Use of Implements’ App. Archery 1950, 1972 1938-1957 Boomerangs 1938-1939 Miscellaneous notes on experimental techniques, April 1950, October 1972. Several sequences, also on bows, bowstrings, arrows. Begun 16 April 1938. Index on ‘Bows and Arrows (personal experiments)’ personal Very experiments, materials used, score successes 15 April 1938 - p. 165 covering 29 January 1950 - 31 December 1957 on spear- throwing experiments. Personal experiments, July 1938 - January 1939 8 March 1948 160pp; notes continue to Bows and arrows substantial sequence of notes on_ D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 Canoes Notes only, 9pp. Fire 1939-c.1960 Substantial sequence of notes on personal experiments 5 February 1939 - 5 October 1950, 64pp and index. Several reference 1960). sequences of notes and references (latest Flaking 1947-1968 Several sequences on experiments 25 November 1947 - 6 November 1968 and 6pp. index. Flints 1938-1970 Several sequences of notes. Hunting, traps and snares, fishing Measurements, distance, time Huts, Igloos, Tents, Bedding, Shelter Several sequences Sequence of notes on personal experiments 27 March 1938 - 25 April 1948, 1 June 1969- 2 June 1970. General notes. Includes personal experiments June 1942 - April 1944 Ropes and string Weapons D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Research: prehistory and early Man, E.1-E.90 Miscellaneous shorter Labour; Vessels and containers; Magic notes: Basket-work; Division of D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION F STRATIGRAPHIC PROJECTS, F.1-F.42 1925-1973 in the UK and abroad as This material covers the entire span of Baden-Powell’s research activity from 1925 to 1973, and represents many years of careful analysis of geological and archaeological by him on specimens. Some of these were collected expeditions is attested by field notebooks (Section B). frequent references to Some were parties elsewhere, unsolicited or at Baden-Powell’s request with reference to a publication or specific location. In many cases he is working through a named collection, often in the Oxford University Museum, supplying identifications and descriptions. by colleagues or interested sent his As with several of the projects in Section H, however, much of the material here remains diffuse, dispersed in paginated sequences of manuscript notes, some very extensive, others of one or two pages only, additionally complicated by being broken and re-assigned following a fresh thought no longer discernible or the subject-matter at a later date; these re-workings, whether dated or not, can be seen in changes of writing materials or script. return to a projected or achieved; many Of special interest is F.24 which contains Baden-Powell’s own account of the aims and methods of his work on Pleistocene marine shells, written in 1962 in reply to a request from T.K. Penniman the then Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum. The format of the notes varies from small pocket-diary pages to quarto, foolscap and the now obsolete broad foolscap seen at F.30, and may include references to similar publications references occur throughout the correspondence. F.30 a plan of work and its includes an interesting outline of implementation over many years. NOTEBOOKS GRAIN ANALYSIS AND HEAVY MINERALS MOLLUSCAN BIOSTRATIGRAPHY GLACIAL ERRATICS REPORTS F.34-F.38 F.18-F.23 F.24-F.33 F.39-F.42 l-ieale/- D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Stratigraphic projects, F.1-F.42 GLACIAL ERRATICS 1935-1958 an slicing, comprises microscopic extensive sequence This (incomplete) numbered 1-1019, and folders of unnumbered work. They mineralogical detail examination, analyses and identification of specimens. Date of work and place of origin of the material are given, whether Baden-Powell’s own field notebooks or other named a note of discussions or collections. Sometimes there is confirmation of Almost all the specimens are from East Anglian sites. a result with colleagues. 1 - 57 some dated 1941, 1947 68 - 78, very full notes, some dated 1935-1939 Few dates, mainly Field Notebook references. 93 - 125 some dated 1951; 138 - 167 some dated 1947, 1952 1979 - 215 some dated 1947; 227 -286 some dated 1947, 1949 Field Notebook references and a few dates 1950-1952. 511 - 657 with many gaps Field Notebook references. 314 - 492 with gaps 701 - 774 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Stratigraphic projects, F.1-F.42 807 - 880 Mainly collection of S.H. Warren, a few from R.G. West, H.E.P. Notebook references. Spencer (qqv), some Field and 889 - 1019 collection Includes Baden- Powell’s collections with Field Notebook references, a few dates 1935, 1948, 1955-1958. Sainty (g.v.) J.E. of and Notes on related to similar work and sites erratics outside the numbered sequence but F.10 is of interest as it seems to indicate the first ideas on the project. ‘Type erratics’ 22pp. 2pp only. ‘Westley’ 1949-1951 ‘Swanscombe’ 28pp sequence ‘Started 25 Jan. 1938’, continuing to 18 May, mainly on ‘Brandon erratics for [R.H.] Rastall’. Some Field Notebook references 1951, 1954 ‘Ixworth’ 4pp. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Stratigraphic projects, F.1-F.42 March gravels’ 10pp. Tables of named UK rock-types and their characteristic places of origin Bibliographical references F.18-F.23 GRAIN ANALYSIS AND HEAVY MINERALS 1931-1934 and n.d. Small diary-size bundle of notes on heavy minerals in various sediments Similar material, not paginated or dated Graphs of specimens from East Anglian and Yorkshire sites incidence of heavy minerals in numbered Notes, diagrams of size grading, table. ‘Index to preliminary mineral work 1931-32’ Manuscript notes paginated 313-362, of heavy minerals analyses, October - December 1934 of sieves Manuscript notes and calculations on grain size of sands, mainly of Portland Raised Beach; manuscript note on size D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Stratigraphic projects, F.1-F.42 F.24-F.33 MOLLUSCAN BIOSTRATIGRAPHY 1925-1973 is by far This projects, which he returned to repeatedly, adding to reworking material. the most extensive of Baden-Powell’s or Baden-Powell’s work to His method and purpose are set out in the note at F.24, written in 1962 in reply to an admiring request from T.K. Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, Penniman, Curator of the who considered the frontiers of knowledge’. The note explains the aim of the research as being to see whether shells ‘can be used to date fossil men and their implements geologically’ and to help other ‘geological problems...connected with the study of also explains that the work, dealing originally with the UK, had developed to include Mediterranean coastal areas and was extending to Asia and Africa. land- and sea-levels’. relative changes of ‘on be It Some items cover a wide time-span, others are not dated. and allow estimation his method and purpose in ‘Work on Pleistocene marine shells’ Baden-Powell’s account of reply to a request from T.K. Penniman Small diary-size bundle of notes on sites of UK fauna, mainly in East Anglia, a few from Scotland Note on ‘Order of Range’, to show drift between north and south temperature limits the latitude of deposition of mollusca 1932-1970 Various paginated sequences, with added or interpolated notes, including information on France, Italy, Greenland and East Africa. Includes 8pp list of specimens numbered 29-60 in ‘Order of Range’, and 1p on ‘Arctic Non-British Mollusca’. Substantial distribution and possible archaeological significance Quaternary folder of of notes on Bivalves, D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Stratigraphic projects, F.1-F.42 Substantial folder of sequences, includes pp 1-252 anda shorter sequence on Spitsbergen, also notes on East Anglia, Norway and Greenland, and named collections 1927-1938 ‘Marine correlation’ 1952-1954 Extensive lists Mediterranean, sequences, related to work in large notebook F.30. mainly Netherlands of Baltic specimens, UK in and but also paginated Large format black tagged notebook of extensive lists of speciments, locations, sources and references on marine fauna 1936-1964 The sequence pp.1-60 at front of book, headed ‘Marine Correlation’, runs 27 November 1936 to 22 July 1964. P.1 gives Baden-Powell’s plan of work, comparing marine fauna in three ways ‘(a) Climate Equivalent (b) Extinct Species present (c) Date of arrival of existing fauna.’ F.31-F.33 ‘Arrival to the then on 1936 and O. Tufnell, 1937-1973 list’ started rear of book are Expedition Work on Red Sea Mollusca the Wellcome / East, Near At ‘Extinction list’ started 1945. The remaining pages, 2-60, are a detailed diary of his progress with the reading and research to implement this plan. The principal work began in 1949 as a result of a request Marston from Archaeological Baden- Powell’s reports on the specimens being published in Lachish |V (see K.139). 1937-1973 Baden-Powell returned to work at intervals, often on the receipt of new material, usually indicated by ‘Recent’ on his notes. Very substantial assemblage of notes and narratives, in sequences of varying length and date, as strung together by Baden-Powell 1937-1973. The latest date here is 1973 and the earliest is 1937. Includes arrangement with February 20 for work on 1949 of shells from from Tufnell his account O. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Stratigraphic projects, F.1-F.42 Lachish [located between Gaza and Hebron], his detailed examinations andhis return of the draft report to Tufnell, July 1956. 1953, Work continues on specimens from UK and abroad, some mainly 1970s from Red Sea and dated Mombasa. Includes 1p. 1937 on a Portland specimen used for comparison. 1965, 54pp extensive notes on the literature and previous work on Red Sea fauna. Various paginated sequences on Red Sea fauna F.34-F.38 REPORTS 1928-1963 and n.d. 3pp. See also F.41. 3pp. Rocks of Pemba and Zanzibar December 1931 Shells from the Canaries (Sollas collection) March 1928 Freshwater shells from Khotan Shells from Pabbay, South Harris, perhaps intended for publication John (see K.75), with notes Raised beach shells from Greenland, prepared for B.S. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Stratigraphic projects, F.1-F.42 F.39-F.42 NOTEBOOKS 1925-1942 Four hard-backed tagged notebooks, with many loose pages and an indication of contents on the outer cover. Part laboratory notebook, part journal, they contain an account of Baden-Powell’s examination and analyses of molluscan fauna collected by him or received from others. The time-span is considerable, the earliest date being 1925, though most of the work belongs to the 1930s, and to UK sites. There are several substantial paginated sequences, some with an index, often beginning in the middle of an apparently lengthy series. The order of material inside the notebooks has been preserved though it does not always follow that on the cover. the as analyses do not follow chronological order. Terminal dates offered guide; are a Notebook 1 1925-1939 1926-1937 Notebook 2 On cover ‘Holocene Scotland; Ireland; Lewis interglacial’. On cover ‘Portland; March; Belle Hougue; Torbay and Newquay; Manea; Gower’. Includes: March gravels 1925-1933, paginated 203-242 with index; Newquay 1926; Gower 1935; Manea [Fenland] 1932, paginated 243-252 with index; Belle Hougue Jersey 1939 10pp.; Portland and Chesil 1926-1938, paginated 1- 140, with index. n.d. Includes: material), paginated 167-182 with index; Island Magee 1934-1936, several paginated sequences and index; Stornaway and Galson 1935 1936; Lewis 1935-1937, paginated 1-62 with index; Udalain (Scotland) 1935-1936, paginated 1-32 and unnumbered pages; Kinnes Burn (Scotland) 1926-1935. Includes: Pabbay and S. 1935 (see On cover ‘Recent Shells’. 1929-1936 and Harris (C.S. Elton collection) Studland 1929-1936; St H.38); (some C.S. Elton Oban 1931 Notebook 3 also F.37, D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Stratigraphic projects, F.1-F.42 Andrews 1935; 1936. Solent n.d.; North Devon n.d.; Estoril Notebook 4 1936-1942 On cover ‘Weybourne Crag; Corton Sands and Cromer’. Includes: Overstrand 1936; Cromer Till 1942; Runton and Corton 1936-1940 paginated 1-32; Kelsey Hill 1938. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION G LECTURES AND PAPERS G.1-G.16 1927-1965 LECTURES AND TEACHING AT OXFORD EXHIBITIONS UNPUBLISHED LECTURES AND PAPERS LECTURES AND TEACHING AT OXFORD 1951-1964, n.d. Notes for a course of 22 lectures on prehistory, early Man, fossil evidence, glaciation, river systems, dating methods, etc n.d [1960s] Lectures | - VI Lectures XVII - XXIl Notes for practicals Class handouts Lectures VII - XI Lectures XIl - XVI 1962 Miscellaneous plans for lecture courses Questions for examinations 1959-1964 1961-1964 1951-1960, n.d. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Lectures and papers, G.1-G.16 EXHIBITIONS 1954-1964 Notes, labels and plans for exhibitions: British Association 1954; 1959; Ashmolean Museum 1961; Durham Conference ‘not used’ 1964. Geologists’ Association 1956, UNPUBLISHED LECTURES AND PAPERS ‘Changes of Temperature in the N.E. Atlantic during the Quaternary Period’, paper delivered to the Challenger Society, 26 October 1927 Manuscript and typescript drafts. 1927-1938 and n.d. 1927 ‘Geology of Bagley Wood’ a meeting of Soil 10pp manuscript, with a note ‘Started 7 Nov. 1937’ 5pp typescript, with a note ‘Read to Surveyors, Oriel, Sept. 1928’ 7pp. typescript, and manuscript notes on the region, with a headnote ‘Extract from report to Le Play Society, May 1933’ 24pp pencil manuscript, unfinished. ‘Time distribution of certain marine mollusca’ ‘Chronology of Prehistory’ n.d. c.1938 20pp manuscript, perhaps for lecture ‘History of River Development (Vezere)’ ‘Submerged Valleys’ D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Lectures and papers, G.1-G.16 ‘Relativity’ 21pp manuscript. Notes and diagrams for lecture or paper on river systems Included here are invitations to lecture 1950, 1965. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION H PUBLICATIONS AND PROJECTS, H.1-H.95 1926-1973 of his publications, Baden-Powell does not appear to have maintained a systematic list and the attributed record is relatively thin. The material here indicates a much more substantial output, from 1927-1968, attested by draft, published copy, or indirectly through editorial or scientific correspondence. Furthermore, his work on both geological and archaeological topics was sometimes incorporated in official reports by a principal investigator rather than appearing as a discrete publication under his own name. Several of the organisations in Section J include contributions of this kind made by Baden-Powell to their meetings and journals. of the headings, sometimes Publications section however - The title and Projects - refers to Baden-Powell’s tendency to envisage major works, which he would outline in plans, chapter or section for chapters, but which did not reach full completion. The notes and references which he accumulated, some of which appear in all the research sections C-F, were no doubt intended to find a place in these massive synoptic works. Perhaps their bulk, to which he was constantly adding, defeated him. indeed drafts in H.1-H.56 H.57-H.61 H.64-H.95 H.62, H.63 EDITORIAL BROADCAST AND FILM PUBLICATIONS, PAPERS, REVIEWS UNPUBLISHED AND PROJECTED WORK Items H.64 - H.95 deal with these unfinished projects. Corrected manuscript draft. Manuscript copy of Abstract, critical comment by W.B. Wright, Geol. Mag., and other correspondence. the present climatic equivalence of ‘On beach Mollusca’. Geol. Mag., 64, 1927 PUBLICATIONS, PAPERS, REVIEWS and Baden-Powell’s reply, 1924-1973 British raised published in D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 the climatic equivalent of contribution Pliocene to and raised beach Mollusca’. the Terraces, the Pleistocene Report of ‘On Baden-Powell’s Commission on published 1928 Heavily-corrected manuscript drafts. Letter to The Times, on ‘Elephant Cemeteries’ 1929 Typescript draft. ‘Notes on raised beach Mollusca from the Isle of Portland’ Proc. Malac. Soc., 19, 1930 Heavily-corrected Marie Stopes requesting a copy for ‘our new little Museum’ on the island. manuscript draft, letter from ‘On the geological evolution of the Chesil Bank’, Geol. Mag., 67 , 1930 of Proc. Date of publication unknown. Manuscript and 27pp typescript drafts, correspondence. ‘On the age of the younger peats and clays of Fenland’ 10pp typescript and manuscript draft. ‘Corrections July 1934’. No publication known. ‘Raised beaches in Gower’, letter to Editor (? Geol. Assoc.), January 1933 County Antrim’, 1937, J. anim. Ecol. 6 Contribution to British Association meeting, 5 September 1935, on Quaternary deposits near Cromer ‘On the Holocene marine fauna from ... Island Magee, With a head-note Printed copy. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 Printed copy with circulation list at rear. Correspondence on specimens 1936. See also K.18. ‘Prehistoric Cave art’, submitted to Life and Letters Today, 1936 typescript Two returning manuscript as and manuscript versions, and _ letter ‘not quite suitable’. ‘On the relation between a raised beach and an Iron Age midden on the Island of Lewis’, (with C.S. Elton), Proc. Antiqu. Scotland, 71, 1936-1937 1933-1938 Correspondence, reports and papers relating to Baden- Powell’s and C.S. Elton’s paper. Correspondence begins 1933 and relates to finds made on expedition, reports and lists, transfers of material to National Museum of Scotland, delivery and publication of paper, press release. Continues to 1938. See also C.33, C.34 H.12-H.14 1936, 1942, n.d. Published copy, with list for reprint circulation. 20pp typescript and manuscript draft for article ‘On the marine Mollusca of Studland Bay, Dorset, and the supply of lime to the sand dunes’, J. anim. Ecol., 11, 1942 ‘A Palaeolithic industry from the Cromer District’, letter to Editor, by Baden-Powell and J.R. Moir, Nature, 142, 1938 1936 letter from him is enclosed. See also K.35. ‘On the evolution of the Sand Dunes at Studland, Dorset’, manuscript and earlier version of the 1942 paper Reference is made to a paper of 1933 by C. Diver, and a Manuscript drafts and notes, n.d. typescript drafts, perhaps an D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 H.15, H.16 Two letters to Nature, vols 152 and 153, on ‘High-angle Edge-flaking of flint’ 1943, 1944 1943, vol 152 with a list for reprint circulation 1944, vol 153 and other correspondence, with a reprint circulation list for ‘The recent eruption of Vesuvius’, 6pp manuscript draft, dated March 1944 Publication not known. ‘Report on the Mollusca from Belle Hougue Cave, Jersey’, Bull. Soc. Jersiaise, 1946 1939-1946 Correspondence 1939-1946. ‘Nomenclature of the East Anglian Boulder Clays’ Correspondence with from Baden- Powell’s propositions in H.19, with suggestions, leading to his paper ‘On the Chalky Boulder Clays of Norfolk and Suffolk’, Geol. Mag., 85, 1948 colleagues arising Letter to the Editor, Geo/. Mag., 3pp manuscript, dated November 1947 Baden-Powell’s report on ‘Raised beach fossils from Belle Hougue Cave’ was completed in January 1939. It was to be included in the report by F.E. Zeuner, scheduled for 1940 but not published until 1946. ‘Experimental Clactonian Technique’, Proc. Prehist. Soc., 1949 Correspondence. See also H.27 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 Review Rhodesia, for Oxford Magazine, 1949 Jones, The N. of Prehistory of Southern Correspondence and papers 1949. Carruthers, letter to the to Drifts, With R.G. including a Geol. Mag., May 1949 (perhaps not published) and Baden-Powell’s contribution to a discussion meeting at the Geological Society, June 1949, published in the Proceedings relating Editor, East Anglian Pliocene-Pleistocene ‘The the Deposits’, 1950 (Report Int. Geol. Congress 1948) boundary in British Printed copy, circulation list at rear. ‘Palaeoliths from the Fen District’, 1951 Proc. Prehist. Soc., Correspondence only. See also E.15 a leaflet for the Field ‘Experimental Clactonian Technique’ ‘The geology of the country around Flatford Mill’ 3pp typescript note contributed to Studies Centre at Flatford Mill. Typescript and manuscript draft. 16pp typescript draft, and drawings, with note ‘This version not yet publ. in toto. July 1951’. also H.21. ‘The interglacial beds at Hoxne, Norfolk’, Nature, 1951 a manuscript See 168, D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 ‘The age of the Cromer Forest Bed’ 3pp typescript and manuscript draft, dated August 1952, addressed to the Editor, Archaeological Newsletter. H.30-H.34 ‘Report on the re-investigation of the Westley (Bury St Edmunds) skull site’, Proc. Prehist. Soc., 1952 1949-1952 Correspondence and papers re excavations and findings, principally with K.P. Oakley, leading up to this collaborative paper. Several other research projects are also referred to in the correspondence, as well as the Westley skull. skull, visits Correspondence, April-December 1949, on plans for re- Bury St Edmunds and examination of Ashmolean Musems, meetings, authorisation by British Association of a grant of £15 for re-investigation of site, first period of field-work, November, preliminary report (by Oakley) December to Correspondence 1950, on second dig March 1950, interim report (by Oakley), August, further grant of £15 Baden-Powell’s notes, including palaeoliths at Ashmolean, references to own visits to Bury St Edmunds, 1936-1937, from field notebooks, plans of trial holes Correspondence 1951, on third dig April 1951 (labour cost £1.3.4), report on investigation (by Oakley and Burkitt) July 1951, plan for full report 1950-1951 Review of Paul Woldstedt, Das Eiszeitalter (Geology of the Ice Age) 1955, for Nature, 348 3pp typescript and manuscript draft. Correspondence, publication of report, of which a draft is enclosed. January-October 1952, mainly on D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 ‘Geological report on sections near Wighton, Norfolk’ 1957-1958 Report on Roman site, undertaken for Norfolk Research Committee, with correspondence. ‘The Holocene history of the Outer Hebrides’ 28pp typescript draft with manuscript corrections, n.d. but with a note acknowledging receipt from C.S. Elton, 1957 Extensive notes, references and information on Holocene plants in the Hebrides paginated sequences, and Several remains from submerged forest at Pabbay, Harris’. also F.37, F.41. note on a ‘Plant See (not Review of Period, for of a lava Snowford, millstone from Nature, 1960 F.E. Zeuner, The Pleistocene Letter to the Editor, The Times, on the proposed Behring Strait. and correspondence printed), October 1959, Dam ‘A Specimen Warwickshire’ 2pp typescript and manuscript note, n.d., reference 1960. No publication known. 1955-1963 K.P. Oakley In (recorder of the proposed Lexicon) to undertake entries for East Anglia, to which were added as time went on East Anglian Pliocene, and entries for Yorkshire and Scotland. Review of C.J. Heusser, Late-Pleistocene Environments of North Pacific North America, for J. Glaciology, 1961 asked Pleistocene section Lexicon of British Stratigraphy Baden-Powell H.43-H.45 1955 was the by of D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 Baden-Powell sent off regular batches of entries and in November 1956 expressed joy at having completed the assignment, but correspondence and additions continue to 1963. Correspondence 1955-1957 Continuing publication notes and correspondence, proofs and 1959-1963 Batches of manuscript draft entries sent off to Oakley at intervals throughout 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959 1955-1959 Obituary notice for F.H.A. Engleheart, for publication in Proc. Geol. Soc., 1963 Manuscript draft. is I. Draft. H.49-H.54 J.E. Proc. The Quaternary, ed. K. Rankama, Vol Sainty, for publication in Typescript and manuscript draft. brief correspondence re collaborative Obituary notice of Geol. Soc, 1967 Included here paper with Engleheart. Review of published in Geo. Acta 1952-1958 Baden-Powell the Pleistocene deposits of the Nar Valley, near King’s Lynn in Norfolk, for many years. He published papers on the subject and his correspondence refers to other writings in hand. Correspondence and papers on the Nar Valley, Norfolk Correspondence on visits, pollen analyses, meetings etc, includes L.W. reports letters shells and Nar on by 1924-1971 visited, collected and _ studied D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 Grensted Notes and sketch-map, some small format with dates 1924, some recording work in 1957, most undated undated; foolscap notes, 1933, most on fresh discovery Correspondence, Valley material and on Baden-Powell’s publications on Scottish isostasy 1963 (referring to Nar Valley) and on Nar Valley Mollusca and Norwich Naturalists Society 1967 Transactions published Norfolk Nar of of in H.52-H.54 Drafts of Baden-Powell’s papers on Nar Valley H.52 ‘On the marine fauna of the Nar Valley clay of Norfolk and its relation to crustal movement’ 5pp typescript, n.d. Publication not known. 1924-1957 and n.d. 1958-1971 This is April 1967’. 18pp typescript and manuscript version ‘sent to Norwich’. ‘The marine Mollusca of the Nar Valley beds of Norfolk’. ‘On the marine Mollusca of the Nar Valley clay and their relation to the Palaeolithic sequence’ 12pp typescript, with a manuscript note ‘Copy as sent to Barbara [Green] 21 a shortened version which Baden-Powell hoped to have substituted for his original, but was too late and the longer version at H.53 was published in the Transactions, 21, 32-42. Symposium on ‘Methods of Dating the Pleistocene’ at Review of J.L. Giddings, Ancient Men of the Arctic, 1968, for New Scientist, 37 ‘Professor Correlations’ 1968 Baden-Powell’s Contributions contribution Association Pleistocene Breuil’s British to to a D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 Dundee meeting 1968. attend and the paper was read for him. Baden-Powell was unable to Correspondence, draft abstract and paper. H.57-H.61 EDITORIAL 1950-1969 Comments on books and papers submitted for publication, or publications in hand. H.57-H.59 Geologists’ Association 1956-1969 i 5/, 1956, 1957, 1959 1963-1966 Methuen & Co. Oxford University Press 5pp manuscript headed ‘BBC 1957’ V Fossil Man Notes for a series of broadcasts: | Il Ill Fossil plants. Climate change IV Glaciation. Ice Age Changing climate Sea level BROADCAST AND FILM 195741973 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 ‘Originals and copies’ Suggested outline for film script. Manuscript notes dated 28 April 1973. Typescript copy. H.64-H.95 UNPUBLISHED AND PROJECTED WORK 1926-1973 H.64-H.87 H.88-H.94 Books Papers H.95 Miscellaneous notes and writings H.64-H.87 Books 1926-c.1972 in his is that H.64-H.69 correspondence, ‘The importance of Raised Beds’ is dated, This material is not easy to designate. and it is subject to Baden-Powell’s tendency to re-assign sections, or to hive them off to a separate publication as seems to have happened with some of the drafts for ‘Pleistocene Britain’. Not all Attributions are therefore tentative. What is consistent, in Baden-Powell’s textual and bibliographical notes, and in many references he envisaged publication in book form. There are, however, no final drafts, proofs or correspondence with publishers or editors. A tentative date of 1957 has been assigned (see H.65) but Baden-Powell’s 1926 thesis heads the material as the primary source of his lifelong interest. ‘On the marine fauna of the glacial deposits of the British Isles’ Baden-Powell’s B.Sc. thesis 26 April 1926. Typescript corrections and amendments, perhaps added later. 174pp and maps, with a few manuscript D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 H.65-H.67 Manuscript drafts, on small-format writing-paper H.65 ‘Introduction. The importance of Raised Beaches’ 54pp (unfinished). Included here is a note dated 16 September 1957 with calculations of word-count per page for various chapters. There is a heading ‘Methuen’ and comparison with a book reviewed by Baden-Powell for Methuen in 1950 (see H.60) but no evidence that Baden-Powell was in contact with the firm about his own work. ‘Chapter 2. Western Mediterranean’ 46pp and 1p index. ‘3 British Isles’ 54pp (unfinished). and faunal lists, unpaginated tables ‘Part II The West Mediterranean’ Typescript and manuscript draft with many corrections and additions, 2pp manuscript index. Another copy of H.68, with fuller manuscript corrections by Baden-Powell, comments in another hand, and many additional bibliographical references n.d. [c.1950s] Title page, Contents list, 5pp introduction, bibliography (latest reference 1956) Chapter divisions Chapter IV Sicily and Southern Italy, Straits of Messina, 8 Italy and Sicily Archaeology. are marked as Chapter III Corsica, V Naples and the Field Evidence (by of Changes Contents list comprises four parts: region); Correlation; climate and sea level. Palaeogeography; ‘Pleistocene Britain’ D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 hived It seems possible that as the work expanded, Baden- and Powell Palaeogeography (H.71-H.79) with chapter-headings of their own. The complete ‘Pleistocene Britain’ was not finished. (H.80-H.87) units discrete Anglia East off as H.71-H.79 Notes and drafts for book on palaeogeography Various paginated sequences, in miscellaneous formats, some with late manuscript additions. ‘Palaeogeography. and Introduction Preface (‘The object of this book ...’) ‘On the Quaternary Palaeogeography of Southern and Eastern England’ ‘Vulcanicity’ ‘Palaeoclimatology’ ‘Marine Transgression’ Bibliography Typescript version paginated 124-136 headed ‘Chapter 7 ‘Earth movement’, headed ‘Chapter 9’ 137pp manuscript and index. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 H.80-H.87 Notes and drafts for work on East Anglia H.80 ‘Chapter 2 East Anglia: Crag Deposits’ typescript, 23pp Evidence’ from H.70. 7pp manuscript, originally ‘Field ‘Chapter 3 East Anglia: the Glacial Series’ 13pp typscript, 4pp manuscript, originally ‘Field Evidence’ from H.70. ‘Chapter 4 East Anglia: Interglacial Deposits’ 26pp typescript. ‘Chapter 5 The Holocene Beds’ and title of 194pp manuscript. last publication and theories. century 1840-1938’, ‘Notes started 8 Sept. 1938’ Mainly ‘summary of history over the of discussion analysis Plan, ideas, diagrams and notes for work on all aspects of East Anglia, glaciation, drifts, extinctions, fauna, etc. 6pp typescript begins ‘Although the this book promised an account of the development of Britain during the Pleistocene ...’, originally from H.70. 16pp manuscript. Continuing references to publications on East Anglia, updated to include Baden-Powell’s collaborative papers with J. Reid Moir and his own publications 1948. Latest reference 1965. 114pp publications and theories mainly 1902-1940. manuscript. ‘East Anglia Arch.’ Analysis and _ discussion of D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 20pp manuscript notes started 1942 listing ‘main things done’ and own Notes continue to 1957 publications Anglia. East on Later notes continue to June 1972 H.88-H.94 Papers c.1929-1973 No place of publication has been found for these items, which are presented in approximately chronological order ‘The age of the Straits of Dover’ Variously paginated manuscript and typescript notes and drafts. Latest reference 1929. ‘The tectonic displacement of sea-level’ a basis for ‘Environment of drafts for intended Notes and techniques’, Knowles’s work’ 3pp typescript draft and miscellaneous manuscript drafts, headed ‘To Editor of Nature’, latest reference 1957. Not published in Nature 1957 or 1958. Notes and drafts on ‘The environment of palaeolithic man in Britain’, with a note dated 2 Sept 1970 ‘These notes ..should make Post- Palaeolithic Man’ Note ‘Started June 1972’ including chapter-headings and manuscript manuscript sequence ‘started on Knowles’s work and miscellaneous other sequences and notes Baden-Powell’s heavily-annotated copy of Stone-Worker’s (The reference is OUP, 1953) to Knowles, Stone-worker’s Progress, Stone Sir Age Francis ‘The ‘as a evolution sequel introduction, July 1972’ of to extensive 72pp D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Publications and projects, H.1-H.95 Progress Notes and drafts on the Upper Thames Valley 1962-1973 Manuscript notes and diagrams on implements etc. on various sites in Oxford area, some dated 1951, 1964 Further drafts relating to the Oxford area ‘The Oxford Collections’, 13pp manuscript and typescript draft, with a head-note ‘discovered among Baden-Powell’s notes. Probably working on it 1964/65’ Correspondence 1971 paper re proposed new version of the between the ‘Relation Summertown Terrace at Oxford, 8pp typescript with head-note ‘D.B-P finished this in 1973’. Wolvercote Channel and the a Includes: listing chapter headings for Miscellaneous on restoration. 1969, 1971 and n.d. ‘The North East’, 22 July 1969 Miscellaneous notes and writings See also correspondence with M.L. Shackley at K.119. 2pp Introduction and 30pp drafts on history of geology. Eustatic changes, pp.31-40, perhaps for work on raised beds. (1971). See also K.119 Two small-format pages books. Plan for paper on terrace sequences at Warsach Hants D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION J SOCIETIES, ORGANISATIONS AND MEETINGS, J.1- J.28 1934-1971 Baden-Powell was not an organisation or committee man. He was involved with few societies and attended few conferences, his frequent travels in the UK and abroad being generally undertaken privately. in the public world, The material here is therefore relatively thin, though it does supply indications of his involvement in geological activities as speaker or leader of expeditions at meetings, and as an occasional committee member. The most extensive information relates to the Geologists’ Association (J.5-J.16) of which he was a long- term member and which awarded him its Foulerton Medal in 1956. The invitation to organise excursions to East Anglia for the Centenary meeting in 1958 meant much to him. attendance Baden-Powell’s International Geological Congress in 1937, and his impressions of the Soviet Union at that time, are of considerable general interest and are retained at A.22, A.23. 17th the at GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON GEOLOGISTS’ ASSOCIATION GEOLOGICAL SURVEY AND MUSEUM COUNCIL FOR BRITISH ARCHAEOLOGY BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR QUATERNARY RESEARCH (INQUA) INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGICAL CONGRESS MALACOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON LE PLAY SOCIETY D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Societies, organisations and meetings, J.1-J.28 NORFOLK RESEARCH COMMITTEE PALAEONTOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY PREHISTORIC SOCIETY PREHISTORIC SOCIETY OF EAST ANGLIA QUATERNARY FIELD STUDY GROUP ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE 1950-1961 (annotated) Notes meetings (declined) to speak and lead excursions at 1961 meeting. correspondence and _ at invitation excursions schedule 1954, and for 1950, 1944-1964 COUNCIL FOR BRITISH ARCHAEOLOGY parties. re the formation of the Council Correspondence 1944 is Sciences Committee and membership of its up to further co-operation (Convenor K.P. Oakley) set between archaeologists and natural scientists. Baden- Powell also served on its Palaeolithic and Neolithic Panel. re the formation and Baden- Correspondence 1953 is Powell’s membership of a Mesolithic Research Committee, and his suggestions of interested Palaeolithic and Natural D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Societies, organisations and meetings, J.1-J.28 GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON 1968-1971 Correspondence and papers on the Quaternary Era Sub- committee’s Regional Committees for East Anglia and Southern England, including Baden-Powell’s comments on the proposals. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY AND MUSEUM 1959-1960 Correspondence and arrangements for Baden-Powell to conduct visiting American geologists round East Anglia Includes detailed with special interest in Crag section. plans for visited, Baden-Powell’s list of ‘East Anglian stories’. and museums to itinerary, sites be 1939-1963 in preparation for Anglia which Baden-Powell organised and _ GEOLOGISTS’ ASSOCIATION Includes Baden-Powell’s preliminary guide to the Cromer area prepared in advance. Correspondence International Geological Congress scheduled for 1940 but subsequently cancelled. Most of the material deals with the many excursions in East led, notably in the centenary year 1958. There are also his contributions to discussion meetings and publications. Arrangements, letters of thanks. Correspondence on excursions led by Baden-Powell for Inernational Geological Congress 1948 Correspondence on Powell's contribution Southern Britain’ meeting of Baden- raised beaches of and discussion ‘The age D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Societies, organisations and meetings, J.1-J.28 Correspondence on excursion to Lowestoft led by Baden- Powell during Field Meeting; his report was published in Proc. Geol. Soc., 61 of exhibits for Lists February 1950 ‘G.A. Exhibition’, one page dated Correspondence, itinerary, arrangements for excursion to East Anglia 13-14 September 1952, eventually cancelled for lack of support 1952, 1954 here Included members of 1954 excursion, regretting his through illness. card sent to Baden-Powell from his absence is a Correspondence on meeting February 1956 at which Baden-Powell read his paper ‘The co-relation of Pliocene and the Mediterranean’ and its publication in Proc. Geol. Soc. 66 Pleistocene marine Britain beds and of 1955-1956 in J.13-J.15 preparation The Centenary Year Field Meetings in for excursions Includes some scientific correspondence with colleagues. An abstract of the paper, and his replies to questions in discussion, are included. Mainly correspondence and papers on Committee meetings Centenary Year (1958) 1958-1960 Baden-Powell and R.G. West organised a Long Field Meeting to study the Pleistocene and Pliocene of East Anglia 14-24 August 1958. Drafts for Report, published in Proc. Geol. Soc. 71, 1960 Correspondence January-August 1958 Arrangements, permissions. participants, itineraries and dates, D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Societies, organisations and meetings, J.1-J.28 Correspondence August 1958-May 1960 1958-1960 Matters arising correspondence identifications. from excursion, publication of with colleagues on finds report, and Stopes Medal candidates. INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR QUATERNARY RESEARCH (INQUA) Correspondence on Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary. INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGICAL CONGRESS LE PLAY SOCIETY Excursion to Lewis. Resignation. Nomination of Baden-Powell as UK representative on international stratigraphical commission. Election to Society. MALACOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Societies, organisations and meetings, J.1-J.28 NORFOLK RESEARCH COMMITTEE 1948-1960 Election comments 1949-1960. 1948, meetings, discussions, publications and PALAEONTOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY 1937-1955 Election to membership 1937, to Council 1955, signed Centenary Dinner menu 1947. PREHISTORIC SOCIETY Election to Council. Election. QUATERNARY FIELD STUDY GROUP PREHISTORIC SOCIETY OF EAST ANGLIA through subscriptions, transferred to Government finance. Correspondence on Geographical Names, previously managed by the Society on Permanent Committee Brief correspondence only. ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Societies, organisations and meetings, J.1-J.28 UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON 1952-1963 Correspondence and Norfolk-Suffolk area by students of Baden-Powell. arrangements for excursion the college, led to by D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION K CORRESPONDENCE, K.1-K.168 1924-1973 There or correspondence, and this is retained in Section A. surviving personal very little is family all on such general matters The material here is exchanged with fellow geologists and archaeologists, as excavations, finds and identifications, visits, publications and theories. Some items are quite brief, centring on reports from Baden-Powell on material received, but the majority contain full, detailed accounts of his research plans and ideas, expressed in frank and friendly terms at several removes from the discreet reticence of stricter His own fieldwork and unpublished material specialists. are constantly referred to. often lengthy gaps in There are the correspondence, especially during the wartime decade, and relatively few long-term exchanges. Among Baden-Powell’s oldest acquaintances are W.J. Arkell, F.H.A. Engleheart, K.P. Oakley, J.R. Moir, S.H. Warren and R.G. West. Much of the interest of the correspondence lies in the contributions made by serious and authoritative amateur geologists such as W.S. Bisat, a civil engineer, Engleheart, a farmer, C. Overy and R.D. Thompson, parsons, H.M. Gibson, J.E. Sainty and F.M. Walker, schoolmasters, P. Cambridge, an RAF Sergeant, W.P.D. Stebbing, a JP, and others. also the of or are later There damage recollections reconstruction, Baden-Powell’s own generation had its formalities. Only very old friends and contemporaries such as Oakley were on first-name terms. Otherwise surnames were the rule, even with long-term correspondents such as Moir, though ‘B-P’ was a standard form of address. The correspondence has historical interest in documenting changes in exposures and sites, due to factors such as wartime housing development or road systems, as well as natural changes of erosion, land and coastal movement or wind-blown sand. earlier investigators by older geologists among Baden-Powell’s correspondents like Boswell, Gilbert, Kendal, Kennard and Sainty. A great deal of the correspondence, perhaps because of the ‘amateur’ status of the writers or the lack of affluence in longhand even in the in their own formative years, is more and 1960s, small-format writing-paper, and with and afterthoughts down the side margins. Hand-written letters were regarded as the norm of polite behaviour; Baden- Powell himself often apologised for sending a typewritten letter on the grounds that he needed to keep a copy as an aide-memoire. In default of a copy he would jot a note of his reply on the incoming letter. on additions 1950s cramped prosperous D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 its relative brevity. The correspondence at K.159-K.168 is ‘shorter’ by virtue only of is never routine or formal. Even when acknowledging a book or reprint, or when forwarding a of specimens identified, Baden-Powell writes in warm friendly terms expanding on his ideas and conclusions. list It K.1-K.158 GENERAL SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE K.159-K.168 SHORTER SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE K.1-K.158 GENERAL SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE 1924-1973 Anderson, F.W. 1936 Ostracods. 1936, 1947 1947 Long letter on Baden-Powell’s ideas on raised beds. Arkell, W.J. 1942-1956 Anderson, W. 1939, 1948 Arber, M.A. Saunton erratics Raised beaches, glaciation 1949-1956 Includes Arkell’s report on a visit to East Anglian sites with Baden-Powell and others, July 1952 Includes drafts and Arkell’s comments on Baden-Powell’s papers on East Anglian Boulder Clays Frequent publications, etc exchanges on research, specimens, 1950-1954 1942-1948 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Arnold, R. Loch Ness monster. Ashwell, 1.Y. Shells from Iceland. Powell. Includes notes and report by Baden- 1960-1962 1961-1965 Askelsson, J. 1958-1959 Shells from Iceland. Includes Baden-Powell’s report. Banham, W.A. Digs and implements at Hoxne. Bentham, R. 1962-1963 1948-1956 Beckinsale, R.P. Bisat, W.S. and others Includes Baden-Powell’s Dating of Severn Valley peat. Shells from Ellesmere Land. report. 1936-1956 Detailed exchanges of ideas on Boulder Clays and drift in Association Yorkshire meetings reports on shells and meetings. Correspondence 1956 Stratigraphy (H.43-H.45). Geologists’ Baden-Powell’s refers to work on Lexicon of and and East Anglia, excursions, D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Boswell, P.G.H. 1939 One letter only. General exchanges 1947-1960 publications, excursions, especially East Anglia, Swanscombe, Hoxne, nomenclature, etc. Includes a copy of Baden-Powell’s draft letter to Nature May 1958 on the Cromer Forest Bed and a full account of the 1958 Geologists’ Association excursion, which Boswell was too frail to attend. on_ exchanges with Sedgwick Museum, Brighton, A.G. Loans Cambridge. and Bryan, K. Bullows, W.L. 1939-1960 1936-1949 1936-1939 K.18 Antrim reports K.18, K.19 Burchell, J.P.T. Also visits and finds in Lincolnshire. Mainly on analysis of shells and foraminifora from Island Magee, Co. later published as a paper in See also H.8A. and Baden-Powell’s J. anim. Ecol. 6, 1937. Experiments on formation of pebbles, abrasion, erosion, etc. n.d. Identification and dating of early implements, techniques, flint-knapping, experiments (especially letter of 9 December 1944. See E.84), glacial Baden-Powell’s letter of 15 September correlations etc. 1949 and collectors. Continuing exchanges on publications. Baden-Powell’s 1932-1951 and laments the decline of amateur geologists Burkitt, M.C. 1933-1969 1933-1937 1946-1969 own D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Burland, C.A. Identification of rocks at Cromer Till. Burton, E. St J. Studland Mollusca Callendar, G.S. Glacial fluctuations and climate change. Calver, M.A. 1949, 1951 Includes deposits in Britain. Baden-Powell’s list of marine Pleistocene 1949-1960 1969-1970 Chatwin, C.P. Boulder clays. Clay, E. Cambridge, P. and others Cambridge was at this time an RAF Sergeant, stationed at various bases in East Anglia, who collected specimens during digs while on service, and later became a noted authority on the East Anglian Crags. 1937-1939 East Anglian beaches and correlation, nomenclature. Bronze Age barrows. Correspondence, notes and photographs on raised Collum, V.C.C. Clayton, K. 1955-1961 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 beaches and megalithic monuments on Guernsey, arising from Baden-Powell’s and Elton’s work on Lewis. Goxe le: Brief exchanges of information. 1930-1957 1930-1937 Correspondence and notes on work and identification by Baden-Powell of J. Waechter (see K.143) Gibraltar brought shells from by Crickmay, C.H. Jurassic fauna in California. Davidson, C.F. 1931-1938 Davies, A. Morley 1937-1953 He an the addressed 1914 1937-1939 (see A.22, A.23). Davidson was later worked at Brief correspondence recalling Moscow visit Letter 1953 photograph taken brickfield, Oxford. Identifications, reports, exchange of information and ideas on Errol shells and other Scottish raised beach Mollusca. The correspondence begins when undergraduate at Dundee. Geological Survey and Museum London. 1950-1973 Mainly on Studland area, dune formation, etc. including reports, draft publications. Douglas was Professor of Geology at Oxford University to L.R. describing Wager beds enclosing at Chawley Diver, C. 1932-1942 Douglas, J.A. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 All the correspondence dates his 1937-1950. Wight. Baden-Powell retirement addresses him throughout as ‘Duggie’ and he signs his letters in the same way. to Yarmouth, from Isle of Personal and scientific correspondence, mainly on river gravels on Isle of Wight 1950-1960 On Piltdown Man hoax and other controversies, Douglas’s work on South American and other arrow-heads 1972-1973 Baden-Powell’s letter account of his own career and publication programme. 21 October 1972 gives some of Durand, S. Pliocene sites in East Anglia. Eager, R.M.C. Edgell, L.T. Dorset beaches. Edmonds, J.M. Edwards, W.N. Spitsbergen shells. 1933, 1955 East Anglian estuarine shells. Isotope tests 1938, 1949 Ellis, E.A. Emiliani, C. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Engleheart, F.H.A. 1928-1963 Engleheart was one of Baden-Powell’s closet friends. A near contemporary, he graduated from Magdalen College Oxford in 1921, taking a B.Sc. in 1930. Inheriting a farm in Suffolk, he continued excavations and publications on an independent, but greatly respected basis. Baden-Powell and he shared excursions and ideas and exchanged personal news. Their acquaintance was long- dated: from the earliest (1928) they address one another as ‘My dear Donald / Francis’. Baden-Powell wrote an obituary notice for him in 1963 (see H.46). of 17 September Baden-Powell’s Detailed exchanges on nomenclature. letter account (annotated by Engleheart) of his trip to The Hebrides with C.S. Elton. Engelheart’s letter of 29 June 1938 agrees to act as Baden-Powell’s Trustee contains 1933 an in 1928-1940 1949-1963 Evans; :E: See L.4 Pebbles from Chesil Bank. the sequence. Correspondence continues, without explanation for the gap Includes reference to Baden- Powell's paper on the Suffolk Crag (Trans. Suffolk Nat. Soc. and Baden-Powell’s report on it January 1962 9) 1955, Engleheart’s find of hand-axe 1961 Engleheart, G. (uncle of F.H.A. Engleheart) Finds at Hoxne, Norfolk. Hoxne. See also L.11. 1965-1971 Includes correspondence on Museum including Baden-Powell’s run information on Natal raised beaches. Fagg was Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford at this time. Fagg, B.E.B. and others for photographs at the Also of Nature. loans to gifts and D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Fairbridge, R.R. Raised beaches. Falcon, N.F. Shells from Edge Island. 1949, 1957 1931-1938 Farrington, A. 1948-1954 Wexford gravels, East Anglian correlation Fisher, N.F. (later McMillan) 1933-1964 Correspondence and reports on Irish Mollusca. 1929-1931 1934-1952 Francis, E.A. Fowler, G. and others Fenland sites and finds. Funnell, B.M. Weybourne Crag. North of England geological sequence. Includes manuscript of Baden-Powell’s letter to Mainly correspondence 1930-1933 on Raised Beaches of Gower. George, T.N. 1930-1939 Gage, M Advice on Pleistocene deposits in Britain. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Geol. Mag. May 1933 arising from George’s paper on Gower (Proc. 43) and of George’s replies (Geol. Mag. June and Sept. 1933). Geol. Soc. Gibson, H.M. Interglacials in northern Britain. Gilbert, C.J. Submergence and Dungeness etc tilt in the Fens, Romney Marsh, 1932-1934 Godwin, H. and others 1932-1970 1932-1933 Pollen in Fenland samples. Continuing research, publications, work on 1948-1970 East Anglia. Includes correspondence with R.G. West, then a research student at Cambridge, later a close friend and collaborator. See also K.152, K.153. 1926-1929 Green, C. 1953-1966 Gregory, J.W. Scottish Raised Beaches. Coast and sea levels in East Anglia. Included here is a press-cutting recording Gregory’s death by drowning on an expedition to Peru 1932 1947-1948 Boulder Clay erratics at Blackpool. Groom, G.E. Fauna from Welsh beaches. Hampton, F.A. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Hardy, J. Includes draft paper on sea-bed off Chesil Bank. Hayward, D.F. Shells from raised beaches at Accra, Ghana. Hayward, J.F. Post-Roman sea-level changes. Hollin, J.T. Research in Nar Valley, and at Swanscombe. Holroyd, S.V. 1961-1962 1959-1960 Hopkins, D.M. Hopwood, N.T. Excursion to East Anglia, led by Baden-Powell, with F.S. MacNeil. Correspondence and draft for paper by Holroyd, including a report by Baden-Powell, on lava specimen from Roman villa, published in Man 1962. collected, Teaching of palaeoanthropology. Red Crag fauna Howell, F.C. Includes University expedition to Greenland, material information reports and on John’s Oxford John, B.S. 1962-1966 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 work in Pembrokeshire and Antarctica. See also F.38. Kendall, P.S. Kennard, A.S. March gravels. 1931-1932 Kerney, M.P. and others 1959-1962 Concerning the drawings of Norfolk coast made by G. Slater 1919-1931, and their publication, with comments by Baden-Powell on draft. King, W.B.R. 1947-1955 correspondence General finds, mainly on Powell’s report on English Channel Mollusca. East Anglian sites. excavations, on publication, Includes Baden- 1937-1952 Lafitte, R. Lewis, W.V. Includes plan for Lacaille, A.D. experiments. Exchanges of ideas and publications on early implements mainly in Scotland, and on Baden-Powell’s own tool- making Lacaille’s publication on ‘The Mesolithic Colonisation of Scotland.’ 1931-1938 Intensive but sporadic exchanges of ideas, information and specimens, including reports by both correspondents. Correspondence addressed to Macfadyen at the Sidgwick Sea levels and wave action. Macfadyen, W.A. 1931-1965 1947-1954 1937-1938 K.83-K.85 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Museum Cambridge 1931-1935, and in Baghdad 1935- 1937 contributed Exchanges, lists and reports mainly on East Anglia and Fenland clays, and forams from Island Magee for which Macfadyen co- authorship of the published paper. Includes, with 1932 correspondence, Baden-Powell’s draft paper ‘On the age of the younger peats and clays of Fenland’. Macfadyen’s reports on Irish and Scottish forams are included. See H.8A. information declined but Correspondence addressed to Macfadyen at the Nature Conservancy 1950-1959 Includes advice on preservation of geological sites and designation as Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). See K.98. British Pleistocene Succession and other correlations 1960-1965 1951-1959 1928-1931 1967, 1968 Manley, G. MacRae, R. J. Mann, L. McL. Climatic variations and snowlines Note on Suffolk and Norfolk Gravel Pits. Includes Mollusca, chiefly from kitchen middens near Oban’. 1949-1954 Swanscombe erratics, Piltdown skull, publication. Pleistocene marine beds, Nar valley. Marston, A.T. and others Baden-Powell’s flints and flaked implements, ‘Report on a collection of Marr, J.E. 1924, 1927 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Melmore, S. Yorkshire. Melville, R.V. 1933-1936 1955-1957, 1966-1967 reports Various specimens, Survey Memoir on Macclesfield marine Mollusca. Baden-Powell’s identifications, contribution and_ exchanges to of Geological K.93-K.95 Moir, J.R. and others 1926-1944 Letters, cards, diagrams. Moir was an East Anglian prehistorian who made many important, tardily recognised discoveries about the dating of early man and his activities. See also L.5. His father, a prosperous Ipswich tailor and outfitter, took his son to work in his shop at the age of 16. He had no capacity for business, eventually abandoning it to devote himself to archaeology, though his means were very limited and became even more straitened in later years. He had honorific posts, notably as President of Ipswich Museum, and was elected to the Royal Society in 1937, but no professional or academic career. The correspondence is almost all incoming letters sent from Moir’s home address. Few of Baden-Powell’s letters survive, though it is clear that Moir was replying, often by return, to one from him. 1940-1944 Baden-Powell’s letter current a projects. Hoo find his East Anglian Moir’s letter of 12 June 1939 refers to the Sutton 28 January 1936 outlines of ‘formidable Included here is illness and death in February 1944 Moir was bombed out of his Ipswich home in June 1940 a letter from a colleague on Moir’s last Detailed implements stratigraphy, exchanges 1936-1939 ‘jobs’ and list’ of on prehistory and 1926-1935 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 and after a brief stay at Newbury he spent the war years at Flatford, Suffolk, where he continued geological and archaeological work in the Stour Valley area. The serious difficulties, and sometimes Spartan conditions of life, are sometimes alluded to, as is Baden-Powell’s offer of help Mourant, A.E. 1936-1966 Excavations and finds from Channel Island sites. (Several letters incomplete). Movius, H.L. Marine correlations. 1954-1957 Nature Conservancy 1953-1963 Correspondence mainly with W.A. Macfadyen (q.v.) and others on designation and protection of Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural K.99-K.101 1937-1972 See A.1, H.30-H.34. Oakley, K.P. and others Oakley was a distinguished prehistorian working at the History where he became British Museum of Deputy Keeper of Anthropology. He and Baden-Powell first met in 1935 and both took part in the visit to Moscow (A.22, A.23) and became close friends. They worked together on the Swanscome and Bury St Edmunds skulls and published a collaborative report in 1952. 1952-1972 Arrangements for excavations, finds and publication on Bury St Edmunds and Westley skull Includes stratigraphy in skull, Nar Valley, etc. arrangements Holland meeting Quaternary publications on Westley Research, Archaeology (see also J.2) ideas and 1937-1938, 1944-1949 publications, Council for British for 1952, on 1949-1952 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Overy, C. Stones from Weyland’s Smithy. Ovey, C.D. Palmer, L.S. Marine gravels. 1957, 1962- 1968 1947-1959 1936-1951 Pannekoek, A.J. 1948-1952 Pannekoek was a geologist at Haarlem. Eem deposits in Holland. Paterson, T.T. 1934-1948 Penny, L.F. 1960-1965 Pei, W-C. Prehistory in China. Ideas and publications on East Anglian stratigraphy. Paterson was Curator, Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology and Ethology. Theories on glaciation advance and retreat. Raistrick, A. 1932-1936 Perrin, R.M.S. Research on chalk soils. Meteorites, Holderness stratigraphy D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Ralph, E.K. 1962-1964 Correspondence and Baden-Powell’s reports on shells at Sybaris. Includes account and maps of excavation survey of Sybaris by University of Phildelphia. Rastall, R.H. and others 1931-1944 March gravels. erratics specimens sent by Baden-Powell. at Brundon, Suffolk, Includes reports by Baden-Powell on rock Rastall and on by Publications. Read, H.H. Granitisation. Rust, K. 1957-1958 on_ excursions, specimens 1939-1960 1115; KG Sainty, J.E. and others Prehistoric specimens at Aurillac. Sainty was a noted archaeologist, by profession a science master at City of Norwich School, living at West Runton, Cromer. and Correspondence identifications, publications and reports. Includes Baden- Powell's draft and comments by Sainty on ‘Cutler's Stone’ and beach erosion at West Runton 1958. 1952-1960 Baden-Powell’s draft obituary of Sainty after his death in 1967, for publication in Proc. Geol. Soc., is at H.48. See also L.9. 1939-1951 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Sandford, K.S. Sandford was Reader in Geology at Oxford, 1948-1967. Proposal for (writing from Cairo), Elton and Baden-Powell. joint paper on raised beds by Sandford Seymour, F. and Shannon, W.G. 1930-1932 Raised beaches at Portland and Torbay district. Shackley, M.L. 1970-1972 an_ was archaeologist Southampton Shackley of University, working on sites Wight. The letters, addressed to ‘My dear Donald’, are all incoming, though it is clear that Baden-Powell replied fairly promptly and at length. on the Solent and Isle at work There is some personal news, and references to Baden- Powell’s and Summertown terraces (see H.94) as well as detailed news of Shackley’s own and photographs of Isle of Wight excavations. expeditions Wolvercote Includes reports ideas. and the on Shaw, C. 1946-1965 1966-1967 Shotton, F.W. Implements and flaking techniques. Shotton was Professor of Geology at Sheffield and later at Birmingham. 1962-1969 Excavations on various East Anglian sites. Glacial phases in East Anglia. Sieveking, G. de G. Simpson, G.C. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Smith, D.B. 1965-1966 and Notes Durham, and other Durham specimens. identification shells of at Saltholme, Co. Sollas, W.J. and others 1931-1973 Sollas was the long-serving (1897-1936) Professor of Geology, and, in his later years, a famed eccentric. Folder includes letters and cards from Sollas, 1931-1936, some recollections of his teaching from a former pupil, and an appreciation by J.D. Bell. Solomon, J.D. 1930-1957 Mainly incoming letters. correlations in East Anglia. Controversy on glaciation and K.127-K.132 Spencer, H.E.P. and others 1947-1973 visits his visit mainly incoming (with complaints sites, levels, glacial strata, See also L.6. to Bawdsey Cliff Includes Spencer's report of 1947, digs at Hoxne etc. Spencer worked at the Ipswich Museum, though most of Letters the correspondence is from his private address. are about Baden- Powell’s dilatoriness as a correspondent) and manuscript, with detailed information and reports on to East Anglian coastal changes, fauna, implements etc., and on geological field trips. 1958-1960 Corton beds, work at Westley, Baden-Powell’s list of Red Crag specimens Includes arrangements for 1958 Geologists’ Association Field Excursion (see J.12-J.15) Continuing especially of Crag material collecting 1950-1952 by Spencer, 1947-1949 and excavations 1953-1956 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 1961-1964 Continuing East Anglian excavations and finds, publication of series of papers on Suffolk geological history, written by Spencer in retirement 1965-1973 Stearns, C.E. Finds in Morocco. Stebbing, W.P.D. Stonar shingle. 1940, 1947 Sweeting, M. 1956, 1961 1949, 1955 1946-1948 1950-1952 the Treacher Tomlinson, M.E. Treacher, M.S. Thompson, R.D. Midland boulder clay Palaeoliths collection at the Oxford University Museum. from Thames terraces in Brick earth deposit in Beccles area. 1949-1956 Identifications and reports on shells and material collected during the Wellcome-Marston Archaeological Research Expedition to the Near East and forwarded to Baden- Powell were incorporated in Parts 3 and 4 of Lachish, the account of the expedition to be published by the Oxford University Press. See also F.31. Tufnell, O and others by Tufnell. Baden-Powell’s reports D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 Tyrrell, G.W. and others 1938-1939 Raised beach shells from Spitsbergen. Van der Vlerk, |.M. East Anglian correlations 1952-1954 van Voorthuysen, J.H. and others 1947-1958 Irish estuarine clay, Clacton gravels. Waechter, J. d’A. Shells from Gibraltar. 1957-1970 K.144, K.145 Walker, F.M. and others 1924-1950 1927-1934 1949-1950 K.146-K.150 and diagrams, on March gravels, cards Letters, implements, etc. Walker, a keen collector and local archaeologist, was a schoolmaster at March, subsequently living there after retirement. 1948-1956 Born in 1876, Warren was already elderly and retired at the in excavations and publications. Only in 1955, after several years of exchanges, do the correspondents address each other by their first names. Warren, an archaeologist and prehistorian with a special interest in East Anglia, was based at Loughton, Essex, though many of his letters (all manuscript) were sent from Clacton, his base for expeditions in the field. start of the correspondence, though still active Warren, S.H. and others D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 correspondence, detailed, The flaking concerns visits, specimens and _ identifications, experiments and techniques, palaeoliths and implements from the Clacton deposits. frequent often and and Warren collaborative Baden-Powell ‘Report on the marine fauna of the Clacton Channels’ in 1955 (Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lon. 111). Several other notes and reports are included in the folders. published a_ Erratics in gravels, flaking techniques 1948-1951 Includes Baden-Powell’s draft ‘Report on the marine fauna of the Clacton channels’, May 1952, 5pp, and draft ‘Report on erratics from the Clacton and neighbouring gravel’, November 1952, 11pp, with careful comments by Warren and Oakley glacial 1952-1953 Flaking controversy, including an early (1935) leaflet by Warren, drafts and arrangements for collaborative paper ‘On erratics from the Clacton channels and from other Drift Deposits various dispatches of material from Clacton beaches to Baden- Powell for identification. Hertfordshire Essex’, 15pp, and in of Drifts and _ draft Thames manuscript discussions, amendments Detailed for collaborative paper ‘On the erratic rocks of certain early Thames and Glacial Drifts from the Hertfordshire / Essex border to Clacton-on-Sea’, 26pp., March 1955 Includes and correspondence arising with editor, Geol. Mag. Baden- Powell later withdrew from the publication pending further research on new results He West spent his career in Cambridge, as Demonstrator, Lecturer and Professor. the Department of Limestone distribution in S.E. Europe. West, R.G. and others Watanabe, H. K52- 43155 1952-1954 Botany, paper D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 published a collaborative paper with Baden-Powell ‘Glacial erratics from the upper glacial bed at Hoxne’, 1956 (Phil. Trans. 239). Correspondence on expeditions, especially East Anglian sites, nomenclature, research and publications. Includes Baden-Powell’s report on glacial erratics from Hoxne collected by West, May 1954 1952-1955 arrangements Includes excursion to Powell on prepared for British Association Meeting in Norwich 1961 Association notes by Baden- Nar and March gravels, the Corton Beds, for 1958, East Anglia Geologists’ and 1956-1965 Whitworth, T. 1960-1969 Mollusca and human remains from Kenya. 1950-1952 1948-1951 Woldstedt, P. Wright, W.B. Exchanges of information and ideas on correlation of East Anglia and North German marine beds. Baden-Powell’s letter of 31 May 1949 contains a detailed account of his own research and findings on UK Pleistocene marine Mollusca. 1937-1967 Zeuner worked in the Department of Geochronology of the Institute of Archaeology, London. 1965 correspondence is re publisher's proposal to reprint Wright’s book at the Quaternary Ice Age Pleistocene succession in East Anglia and Germany. Early correspondence is on raised beach research. 1927-1938, 1965 Zeuner, F.E. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 K.159-K.168 SHORTER SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE 1926-1973 K.159-K161 Miscellaneous correspondence, exchanges of ideas and information 1926-1973 B.-J. S.-W., first-name and unidentified K.162-K.165 Shorter exchanges: requests and thanks for books or reprints sent or received; booklists and references sent or received; requests and thanks for information 1930-1971 1930-1939 1950-1957 1962-1971 1945-1949 K.166, K.167 1925-1959 Requests specimens, accept offers for deposit etc. rock samples, shells, local samples, collectors, curators Includes many reports or lists by Baden-Powell. 1925-1971 and n.d. or inspect Material may be skull museum schools. Identifications and specimens pottery, fossils, bone and_ or historians, received from sent or received to identify colleagues, amateur D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Correspondence, K.1-K.168 1960-1971 and n.d. Requests to visit Oxford, see Museum collections, thanks for visit etc. 1936-1967 and n.d. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 SECTION L NON-TEXTUAL MATERIAL, L.1-L.38 1923-1953, n.d. L.1-L.31 PHOTOGRAPHS L.32, L.33 GLASS PLATES L.34-L.38 PREHISTORY PHOTOGRAPHS 1923-1953 consists This formations, usually of beaches and cliffs, at various sites. of photographs or geological cards of The photographs, all black and white, vary in size from Most are small snapshots to mounted enlargements. identified on verso but Some bear dates in the 1930s and may show a earlier stage in the formation of the sites. not always dated. is presented in alphabetical order; Several of the photographs were sent to Baden-Powell by correspondents; these are noted in the entries. the Baden- Photocopied photographs of members of Powell family, and of Baden-Powell at the Department of Geology and Mineralogy, are at A.25. The material East Anglia, which comes first, is by far the largest component. There is some overlap, for example in photographs of East and West Runton, but Baden-Powell’s notes have been followed. dated 1938, and some general photographs Envelope of 12 small-format photographs, identified and 1 small format and 1 mounted enlargement. 1934-1953, n.d. N.d. East Anglia Brundon Cromer D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Non-textual material, L.1-L.38 Folder ‘Cromer’ of 14 enlargements, identified Hoxne Two photographs, fully described on verso by E. Evans who sent them to Baden-Powell. Ipswich, Botton’s Pit 1937, 1940 Photograph taken and described by Baden-Powell 1937, and photograph of find in pit, sent by J. Reid Moir 1940. Lowestoft, Oulton 6 photographs, identified, dated 1953 and sent to Baden- Powell by H.E.P. Spencer. N.d. 1943-1948, n.d. March Gravels Composite photograph by Baden-Powell. Runton 1934-1948, n.d. Photographs and cards of beaches, cliffs and deposits at East and West Runton, sent by J.E. Sainty Envelope of small-format photographs, most identified by Baden-Powell Baden-Powell by R.F.L. White Envelope of photographs, mounted and identified, sent to L.10-L.12 Geologists’ Association to East Anglia 1949, 1961 and n.d. 1949 June-July NOSE A17, Excursions L.10 D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Non-textual material, L.1-L.38 Photograph at Bungay, described and identified Evans 1949 by E. of Envelope Bungay, identified by Baden-Powell, June 1949, and two larger- format photographs small-format of Envelope of photographs taken 1960 on Baden-Powell’s excursion with D.M. Hopkins and F.S. MacNeil 1960-1961 With correspondence 1961 and full identifications. K72s See L.14-L.16 Three mounted photographs of East Anglian beaches Group photograph, perhaps taken (Cromer photographer) on 1949 excursion aks! Gower L.18-L.28 Other UK sites No identification. Holderness, Yorkshire Small-format photograph Newquay Six photographs sent by ‘Mr Mason’. Freshwater, Isle of Wight D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Non-textual material, L.1-L.38 L.22-L.24 Oxford area e222 Wolvercote Cumnor Hill Kirtlington Quarry Portland Envelope of small-format photographs by Baden-Powell Four enlargements, identified on verso by Baden-Powell L.29-L.31 Miscellaneous 1923-1949, n.d. N.d. Scotland 1931, 1949, n.d. 1931, 1949 Photograph of raised beach at Sandwood, Cape Wrath 1931, with correspondence, 1949 Fourteen photographs of Scotland, all identified by Baden- Powell 1923, 1946 Photographs sent to Baden-Powell by his son Francis, Brittany n.d., Arbor Low, 1949 Photograph of polar bear tracks Baden-Powell by C.S. Elton, 1946 (taken 1923) sent to 29 Envelope of small-format photographs of Rhdéne Glacier, all described by Baden-Powell D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Non-textual material, L.1-L.38 92:14 GLASS PLATES 1923, 1953 ‘Volcanoes’ Vesuvius, Etna, Lipari, Solfatara (1953) ‘Weyland’s Smithy’ Box dated 1923 in another hand. L.34-L.38 PREHISTORY 1938-1953, n.d. The material here is been assembled systematically. of heterogeneous kind and has not Cards of monuments at Carnac, Brittany and elsewhere Press-cuttings of early pottery and bronze from Galson, Lewis (Hebrides) Envelope of miniature boomerangs, with correspondence, sent to Baden-Powell, 1938 Includes cards sent to Baden-Powell by his son Francis 1949, 1953. He went to Folder Aboriginals, by Thomas Bock copies Envelope of paper, perhaps Proc. Prehist. Soc. 1950 Palaeoliths’, ‘Fen Bock was born in Sutton Coldfield in 1790. of portraits of Tasmanian drawings prepared for See H.25. of nine D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Non-textual material, L.1-L.38 A Tasmania about 1820 and died in Hobart in 1855. prolific and artist landscapes; of Aboriginals, are in the Tasmania Museum and Art Gallery (formerly Hobart Museum). in watercolour, his portraits studies including painted these work, he The drawings were sent to the Baden-Powells in 1953, by Mrs Tom Seward who explains in a letter to Jane Baden- Powell (enclosed in the folder): ‘| went to Tasmania with a friend ... one old junk shop produced some aborigine whether portraits. find the photographs or engravings or what. originals of them in the Hobart Museum ... | wrote on the back of each exactly what was on the original portrait...’. But | know don’t what they are, | did D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS ANDERSON, Frederick William ANDERSON, W. APLING, Harry ARBER, Muriel Agnes ARKELL, William Joscelyn ARNOLD, Richard ASHWELL, lan Y ASKELSSON, Johannes ATKINSON, R.J.C. BADEN-POWELL, Olave, Lady BAILEY, Sir Edward Battersby K.3 A.15, J.10, K.4, K.5, K.90 K.6 K.7 K.8 K.102 A.15 A.5 BECKINSALE, Robert P. BISAT, W.S. BLACKBURN, Kathleen B. K.9 BANHAM, W.A. BATE, Dorothea M.A. BEAUMONT, Peter BELL, J. David BENTHAM, Robert BLANC, A.C. BEY tiie: G: J.8 BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE BOSWELL, Percy George Hamnall BRIGHTON, Albert George BROMEHEAD, C.E.N. BRYAN, Kirk D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Index of correspondents BULL, A.J. BULLOWS, Wilfred L. J.6, J.8 K.17 BULMAN, Oliver Meredith Boone K.150, K.156, K.159 BURCHELL, James P.T. BURKITT, Miles C. BURLAND, C.A. BURTON, E. St John CALLANDER, J. Graham CALLENDAR, G.S. CALLOMON, John Hannes CALVER, Michael A. CAMBRIDGE, Philip K.18, K.19 H.33, K.20, K.100 K.21 K.22 C.33, H.10 K.23 K.159 K.24 J-15;K.25 CASTELL, C.P. CHORLEY, R.J. H.36, J.15, J.22 CARTER, Patrick H.23 K.49 K.146 K159 K.26 C.40 2d CLARK, J. Grahame D. CLARKE, R. Rainbird CHATWIN, Charles Panzetta CHARLESWORTH, John Kaye CARRUTHERS, Robert George J.2 COUNCIL FOR BRITISH ARCHAEOLOGY K.27 K.28 C.47 COOPER, C. Foster K.29 K.55 K.158 CORNWALL, lan CLAY, Emily CLAYTON, Keith COLLINGS, H.D. COLLUM, V.C.C. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Index of correspondents COX, Leslie Reginald CRICKMAY, C.H. CURRALL, Arnold Edward DAVIDSON, Charles F. DAVIES, A. Morley DIVER, Cyril DONAU, T.J. DONOVAN, Desmond Thomas DOUGLAS, James Archibald DURAND, S. EAGAR,, Richard Michael Cardwell K:30; KS .K139 See also A.3 K.32 J. K.33 K.34 H.14, K.35 K.78 K.166 K.36, K.37 K.38 K.39 ENGLEHEART, George EVANS, E. EARP, John R. EDGELL, L. Thurold ELTON. Charles Sutherland EDWARDS, Wilfred Norman C.40 K.40 K.42 K.43 C.34, H.37, K.51, K.166 ENGLEHEART, Francis Henry Arnold K.53 K.48 See also L.4, L.11 K.45, K.46 See also H.46 FAGG, Bernard Evelyn Buller K.44 K.47 K.49 K.50 K.51 FAIRBRIDGE, Rhodes W. FALCON, Norman Leslie ELLIS, Edward A. EMILIANI, Cesare FISHER, Nora F. Index of correspondents D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 FLINT, Richard Foster FOWLER, Gordon FRANCIS, Edward A. FUNNELL, Brian M. GAGE, Maxwell GARDNER, K. GARWOOD, Edmund Johnstone GAUNT, G.D. GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON GEOLOGICAL SURVEY AND MUSEUM K.54 C.37, K.55, K.145 C.50, K.56 K57 K.58 C.46 K.140 K.165 J.3 J.4 GEOLOGISTS’ ASSOCIATION A.3, H.57-H.59, J.5-J.16 GEORGE, Thomas Neville K.59 C.47, 0.51, J.13, K.159 GILL, Edmund D. GODWIN, Sir Harry GOOD, Ronald d’O. K.60 K.61 K.164 GREEN, Barbara GREEN, Charles GIBSON, H.M. GILBERT, C.J. K.35 K.63 C.34, K.36, K.62, K.146 GREGORY, John Walter GRENSTED, Laurence William, Canon A.6, A.7 HAWKES, (Charles Francis) Christopher HARRISON, John William HESLOP HANCOCK, John Michal (‘Jake’) K.65 K.66 K.67 C.34 K.64, K.157 H.49, K.111, K.166 GROOM, Gillian E. HAMPTON, F.A. HARDY, John C49 7d 1G) Ueto; Kaos D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Index of correspondents HAWKINS, Herbert Leader A.5, K.112 HAYWARD, Derek F. HAYWARD, John F. HESTER, S.W.- HEY, Richard W. HIMUS, Godfrey W. HODSON, Frank HOLLIN, John T. HOLMES, S.C.A. HOLROYD, S.V. HOPKINS, David M. HOPWOOD, N. Tindell K.68 K.69 K.165 K.168 J.7, J.10 H.56 K.70 J.4 HOWELL, F. Clark JOHN, Brian S. JENNINGS, J.N. JENNINGS, Sarah KELLAWAY, Geoffrey A. INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGICAL CONGRESS INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR QUATERNARY RESEARCH (INQUA) K.160 A.11, H.20, K.79, K.145, K.156 KING, William Bernard Robinson J.4 K.76 K.77 C.37 K.78 KENDALL, Percy S. KENNARD, A.S. KENNY, André KERNEY, M.P. KIRK, S. Raeburn D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 LACAILLE, A.D. LAFITTE, R. LARWOOD, Gilbert P. LEMOINE, M. LE PLAY SOCIETY LEWIS, W. Vaughan McBURNEY, Charles B.M. MACFADYEN, William Archibald MACLEOD, John N. McMILLAN MACNEIL, F. Stearns MACRAE, R.J. Index of correspondents K.80, K.139 K.81 H.49, J.10, J.15, K.116 K.140 J.19 J.2 K.83-K.85, K.98 K.160 see under FISHER C.47, J.4, K.72 K.86 MANLEY, Gordon MANN. Ludovic McL. MARR, John Edward MOORE, F.H. MARSTON, A.T. MAYNARD, Guy MELMORE, Sidney K.166 K.95, K.100 J.20 K.87 K.88 K.89 K.90 MAWBY, John Bertram MELVILLE, Richard Valentine MALACOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON J.11 MOREAU, Reginald Ernest K.93-K.95 See also L.5 MOURANT, Arthur Ernest K.91 J.23, K.92 K.160 MITCHELL, Frank MOIR, James Reid D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Index of correspondents MOVIUS, Hallam L. NANSEN, Fridtjof NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY NATURE CONSERVANCY NICHOLAS, Tressilian Charles NORFOLK RESEARCH COMMITTEE NORTON, P.E.P. OAKLEY, Kenneth Page OVERY, Charles OVEY, Cameron D. J.15 J.22 C.47 A.5, A.11, C.47, H.20, H.30-H.34, H.43-H.45, J.2, J.12, K.80, K.94, K.99-K.101, K.127, K.146, K.147, K.156 K.102 J.7, K.90, K.103, K.142, K.146 PENNY, Lewis F. PERRIN, Robert M.S. PIGGOTT, Stuart A109) K 152 PATERSON, Tom T. PEI, Wen-Chung PALMER, L.S. PANNEKOEK, A.J. PANTIN, Carl Frederick Abel K.79 K.106 K.107 J.23 K.104 K.105 PENNIMAN, Thomas Kenneth PALAEONTOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY J.26 PREHISTORIC SOCIETY OF EAST ANGLIA QUATERNARY FIELD STUDY GROUP PREHISTORIC SOCIETY K.102 J.24 J.25 K.160 A.18, F.24. H.21 C.49, C.50, K.108 PRICE, W. Armstrong D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 RAISTRICK, Arthur RALPH, Elizabeth K. RASTALL, Robert Heron READ, Herbert Harold REID, EH. ROBINSON, A.C. ROBSON, Guy C. ROE, Derek A. ROGERS, Inkerman ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY RUGGIERI, Giuliano Index of correspondents K.110 Kala K.112, K.144, K.145 K.113 K.160 K.160 C.34, K.88, K.160 K.49, K.165 See also A.1 H.1 J.27 K.160 K.163 SABINE, P.A. SAINTY, James Edward SCOURFIELD, D.J. SEYMOUR, Frederick SHACKLEY, Myra L. SHANNON, W.G. SHAW, Cicely, Lady K.117 K.93, K.94 H.8A, K.166 K.118 K.119 K.118 SANDFORD, Kenneth Stuart SCHWABE, Philip L.K. H.48, J.10, K.115, K.116 See also L.9 C.50, K.124 SHOTTON, Frederick William SMITH, Bernard Babington K.123 K.161 A.17 SIEVEKING, Gale de G. SIMPSON, Sir George C. K.120 a2 C.47, K.122 SIMPSON, John B. SMITH, Denys B. D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 Index of correspondents SMITH, Walter Campbell SOLLAS, William Johnson SOLOMON, John D. SPENCER, Harold Evelyn P. STEARNS, Charles E. STEBBING, W.P.D. STEERS, J.N. STOPES, Marie Charlotte Carmichael STUBBLEFIELD, Sir (Cyril) James SUTCLIFFE, A.J. SWEETING, Marjorie K.162 K.125 K.126 C.46, J.4, J.12, J.15, K.98, K.100, K127-K.132 See also L.6 K.133 K.134 K.161 4-45 J.23, K.25 K.124, K.167 AG) Kets5eKealot THURRELL, Reginald G. TOMLIN, [?] TYRRELL, George Walter SWINNERTON, Henry Hurd Kile, Kot TOMLINSON, Mabel E. TREACHER, Mabel S. THOMAS, H. Dighton THOMPSON, Hugh R. THOMPSON, R. Denton 5 UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON TUFNELL, Olga TURNER, Geoffrey VENABLES, Ursula VLERK, I.M. VAN DER D.F.W. Baden-Powell NCUACS 145/2/06 VOORTHUYSEN, J.H. VAN WAECHTER, John d’A WALKER, F.M. WALKER, Frederick WALLACE, Gordon WARREN, S. Hazzledine WATANABE, Hitoshi WEST, Richard Gilbert WHITWORTH, Tom WILLS, Leonard Johnston WILSON, H.J. Index of correspondents K.142 K.143 K.144, K.145 C.35 C.54 K.146-K.150 K.151 C.49, H.49, H.56, J.12, J.13-J.15, K.62, K.132 C.50, K.154 K.162 K.90 WIRTZ, D. Kol65 K.156 J.3, K.165 J.12, K.90 WORSSAM, B.C. ZEUNER, Frederick E. WOLDSTEDT, Paul WRIGHT, Claud William (‘Willy’) A.2, H.18, K.158