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Professor Daniel Cunningham THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Report on the papers of PROFESSOR DANIEL J. CUNNINGHAM FRS, FRSE (1850-1909) deposited in the Library of the University of Edinburgh Archives Centre (csAc 42/6/76) by ‘London WC2A 1HP Reproduced for the Contemporary Scientific Quality House, Quality Court, Chancery Lane, THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS No. 76/37 1976 All rights reserved THE ROYAL SOCIETY THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Joint Committee on Scientific and Technological Records CSAC 42/6/76 CONTEMPORARY SCIENTIFIC ARCHIVES CENTRE Report on the papers of Professor Daniel J. Cunningham FRS, FRSE (1850 - 1909) 1976 Deposited in the Library of the University of Edinburgh Listed by: Jeannine Alton Harriot Weiskittel DJC CSAC 42/6/76 Description of the collection The papers cover the years 1876-1910 and were received from Miss Mary and Dr. Daniel Cunningham, grandchildren of Professor Daniel John Cunningham. bear notes and annotations by their father, Colonel John Cunninghera (CSAC 43/7/76), eldest son of Professor Cunningham. Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope and General Sir Alan Cunningham. Professor Cunningham's other two sorys were Admiral of the Fleet Many items in the collection The collection contains a great many autograph letters from eminent anatomists or medical men. undecipherable. The correspondents have been fully indexed except in instarwces where the signature is ltem A.9, an album of photographs taken in South Africa whem DJC was a member of a Royal Commission to report on the Care of the Sick and the Wounded during the Boer War, is of interest. Notes and drafts for lectures may be found in Section B as welll as Section C. Professor Cunningham often wrote the drafts for his lectures in those notebooks containing the laboratory/ bibliographical notes on the subject (see note on p. ). 3 Titles in inverted commas are those which appear on the manuscripts. The help of Dr. Daniel Cunningham and Dr. Michael Dunnill is gratefully acknowledged. DJC CSAC 42/6/76 Summary of the career of Professor Cunningham b.1850 educated 1870-74 1876 1876 1876-82 1878-82 1882 Morrison's Academy, Crieff, Perth University of Edinburgh (M.B.C.M.) M.D. thesis on the anatomy of the Cetacea Began work on report on anatomy of marsupial animals collected during voyage of H.M. Challenger Senior Demonstrator in Anatomy, University of Edinburgh Lecturer in Physiology, Royal Veterinary College, Edinburgh Professor of Anatomy, Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin 1883-1903 Professor of Anatomy, Trinity College, Dublin 1891 1900 Feliow of the Royal Society Royal Commission on the Care of the Sick and the Wounded during South African war 1903 - og Professor of Anatomy, University of Edinburgh 1905 d.1909 Dean of the Faculty of Medicine A. Biographical Pages 3 Correspondence Publications Contents of the handlist Notebooks and working papers Advisory Boards and Committees Lectures, speeches and addresses A full account of the numerous honours and awards received by DJC during his lifetime may be found in the obituaries and appreciations in Item A.1. Index of correspondents DJC CSAC 42/6/76 A. Biographical A.1 - A.9 A.1 Obituary notices, tributes, appreciations, funeral notice and reports as published in numerous newspapers and learned journals 1909-10 Testimonials at the death of DJC from: 1909 Royal Society of Edinburgh Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh Royal Dublin Society University of Edinburgh (Senate, Council, Faculty of Medicine, Students’ Representative Council, Postgraduate vacation course in medicine) Royal Zoological Society of Ireland Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland Morrison's Academy, Crieff Letters of sympathy to Mrs. Cunningham Folder of papers (press announcements, lists of subscribers, photo- graphs, memorial address) re Memorial Bronzes to DJC at Trinity College Dublin and Edinburgh University; Memorial Medallion at Morrison's Academy, Crieff 1909 1910-12 Certificates and honours: appointing DJC to Chair of Anatomy (with press Folder of press cuttings re DJC's work and career 1872-1903 cuttings and DJC's bibliography) Medical Society of Edinburgh 1886 1891 1891 189] 1900 1901 1903 1904 Hon. M.D. Trinity College Dublin Hon. D.Sc. Trinity College Dublin Hon. LL.D. St. Andrews Royal Society of London Zoological Society of London Hon. LL.D. Glasgow Commission by Curators of Edinburghtniversity Folder of bibliographic material compiled by Col. John Cunningham (eldest son) a complete index In these notebooks DJC kept very careful and detailed motes ana drafts for his own lecture courses, for public addresses to wider audiences; his notes on the literature and on anatomical dissections and experiments, often illustrated with many small drawings. in the handlist is as full Album of 96 photographs taken during DJC's service in South Africa with the Army Medical Commission: subjects include army camps and infirmaries, railroads, the native population. (See also D.1) A single notebook may cover a wide range of subjects; the entry Notebooks and working papers B.1-B.32 as possible but should not be interpreted as DJC CSAC 42/6/76 of each notebook's contents. notebook by DJC in his original sequence. indicates that several volumes are missing. | Many of the notebooks are in very poor condition with some pages excised and other pages inserted, and with covers missing or torn. The underscored number in the entry is that given to the The incompleteness of this sequence B.1 Black notebook containing notes for course of 'Lectures on Topo- 1 graphical Anatomy' (lectures 1-15) and ‘Lectures on Vascular System (lectures 1-2). small drawings. From other end of book: notes on bone, illustrated with Black notebook entitled on cover 'Lectures on Ositeology 1883-4! z with note on inside cover 'Osteology continued! Excised pages (pp .97-128) from an anatomical textbook: are included with DJC's own notes. Later in the book: notes on embryology. Black notebook 'Lectures on Systematic Anatomy 1883-4" with note 3 inside cover ‘Systematic Lectures on Anatomy 1,.C.D. 1883-4. Further on in the book are notes entitled 'Senior Systermatic Lectures - Session 1885-6. Genito-Urinary Organs'. Senior class'. Blue notebook 'Lectures on systematic anatomy’ with special 4 attention to the digestive, nervous and genito- Uy 3 ystems. other end of book: laboratory notes on anatomical disse ie of cod (1886). From in 1904 in Packet labelled ‘Lecture notes. Lecture III. Applied Anatomy. Beginning in the middle of the book: lectures on Anthropology 1903' with additional notes Red notebook ‘Lectures on the Vascular Systems"; Black notebook 'Lectures. 8 on the relevant literature. 6 with small drawings. the ‘Muscular System’. Black notebook 'Lectures on Embryology, Myologyy', notes illustrated 5 from other end of book: misc. notes on the pelvis; ms. draft of address to: medical graduates, relating the history of the graduation ceremony (delivered Edinburgh when DJC was acting as Promotor at the ceremony). Z Embryonic Membranes and Placenta’ containing loose pages of notes on this subject and on 'Clavicular Joints’. offprint of article by G. Schwalbe annotated by DJC. z first page 'Summer 1904. Beginning in the middle of the book 'Jan. 1906. Spinal Cord’. Jl spine': for lecture on dissection and structure of abdomen. Applied Anatomy 190)4' with note on Demonstrations to Class of Agplied Anatomy’. Black notebook 'Notes on anthropology’: notes an the literature, Black notebook 'Studies on upright position and eurvature of the nofes on the literature. Notes on the spleen amd kidneys, draft Very full notes on the skull. Black notebook 'Lectures. General Anatomy of 12 DJC CSAC 42/6/76 B.12 Black notebook 'Notes on anthropology': notes on the literature 13 and on lectures delivered by Macalister (1892). lecture by Munro. Draft of history of anatomical school of Edinburgh (perhaps for jcaiaarel address in 1903). Notes on right-and left-handedness. Very brief notes on 14 From other end: Black notebook 'Notes on Brain': from the relevant literature. notes on anatomical dissections. Black notebook 'Notes on Brain': 15 x and examination of the brain. on brain growth and cranial relations’: bibliographical notes. notes on laboratory From other end: 'Literature with bearing measurement yA Black portfolio labelled 'Brain' and containing case notes and 16 measurements of the brain, especially relative to the Fissure of Rolands and the Sylvian Fissure. cover which contains case notes made by DJC in 1889. A small notebook has adhered to the inside front = Red notebook 'Addresses. 20 "Right Handedness ond Left Brainedness' (perhaps draft for Huxley Lecture 1902?). Rt. Handedness’. i e a cover White notebook 'Addresses. 21 and development of the brain. labelled ‘Anthropology’. Brain': draft of lecture on the structure From other end: chronological table White notebook 'Addresses. ‘ae notes and diraft for lecture. In middle of book begins a draft labelled ‘Right and Lett Handedness’. Brain': Edinburgh Chair': notes on the literature Introductory Lectures. Later in book: notes on the literature with partial index inside front Red notebook ‘Literature bearing upon the Anatomy of ithe Marsupialia. Jan. 16 1878': cover. Black notebook (possibly in the original sequence but ithe number label is missing) containing notes on the literature on hair. From other end of book: notes on the gorilla. 23 Blue notebook 'Addresses. draft of inaugural lecture (1903). re ecclesiastical and academic colours and a draft of a paper on the question of the admission of women to the medical schaol in Edinburgh (DJC was opposed). also Item C.4). Green notebook: 'Notes on the Stomach’: notes on the literature, draft of lecture on the stomach with notes of accompanying slides. Copy of E. Dubois's Pithecanthropus Erectus annotated by DJC (see "Notes from reading on the stomach! with index on framt cover. Folder of notes and press clippings relative to giantisnm. DJC CSAC 42/6/76 B.26-B.31 Work on the Neanderthal Man B.26 B.27 Notebook containing a summary of the work on Homo Krapina, Papers I, Ill and IV, and notes on the literature. Il, ¢.1901-06 Notebook with notes on Schwalbe's work and draft of paper on the Glabello celebral index. c.1908 B.28 Exercise book labelled 'Australian Indices’. B.29 Exercise book containing draft of paper beginning ‘This is to be regarded as the first of a series of communications ... on the cranial characters of the Neanderthal Race’. B.30 Misc. drawings, photographs, newspaper cuttings, correspondence. B.31 2 ms. papers by V. Ginffrick-Ruggeri. 1901-04 'The Value of Nerve Supply in the Determination of Muscular Homologies and Anomalies', Anatomy and Physiology notes and drawings for paper by DJC. 1891: ms. draft, Typescript of 'The Movements of the Stomach Studied by Means of the Réntgen Rays' by W.B. Carnon, published in American Journal of Physiology, Vol.1, 1898, p.359, annotated by DJC. Course lectures in Trinity College, Dublin on: c. 1876 Folder also includes a 3 pp. ms. note on class attendance, 1901-02. Addresses to Royal Zoological Society, Dublin: Lectures, Speeches and Addresses C.1-C.12 (see also those notebooks in Section B which contain drafts of lectures) Ms. lecture beginning 'It is with some diffidence that | come here to deliver my first lecture upon Physiology' (perhaps lecture to Royal Veterinary College of Edinburgh ‘Evolution’ "Practical Histology' ‘Anatomy' (3 versions of an introductory lecture to a course in anatomy) E. Dubois's memoir 'Pithecanthropus Erectus' (see also Item B. 25) - on occasion of Queen Victoria's visit to Dublin - on opening of the Roberts Lion House - on DJC's resignation of the office of Secretary - on DJC's resignation of the Presidency File also includes ms. copy of address by Dr. Samuel Haughton, FRS, in 1878, and an incomplete copy of Society's report for 1902. 8 Addresses to the Royal Dublin Society on a variety of topics including: Telegraphy Fishery Survey Society business DJC CSAC 42/6/76 C.5-C.6 Dublin: ‘Special Addresses’ (2 files): C.5 = on Home Rule’ (with newspaper cuttings) to the Royal Veterinary 1893 College (DJC served on its board of governors) - on Report to Irish Academy ~ University Reform - Speech at St. Andrews" dinner - on ‘Brain measurements at different ages' 1886 on 'Anthropoid apes' - in support of a motion re Society (?) aid to soldiers and sailors - Opening of exhibition at Trinity College Natural History Museum c¢.1901 to the Biological Association, Trinity College Dublin, on the muscular system. Dublin: 'Farewell Addresses’: - to Anatomy Class, Trinity College - to colleagues - at 'Dinner given by Honour Students of Trinity College when cup was presented! Edinburgh: 'Special' lectures and addresses (2 files, ms. ): C.8 Anatomical Association (DJC served as President) Royal Medical Society dinner Association of Physicians and Surgeons Students’ Union Annual meeting of University Union to Members of Naval Medical Service 'to a student gathering’ C.9 ‘3rd Year Dinner’(on 2 occasions) Speeches to Edinburgh University Graduates' Clubs in: Australian Students’ Dinner Dinner to Professor Berry Indian Medical Service Dinner In memory of Professor His Aesculapians Club (when elected a member and when elected chairman) Dinner for Noel Paton 3 unidentified occasions scientific subjects, mostly re the brain. Manchester and Liverpool Midlands London (2 occasions) Birmingham (speech had also been delivered to Royal Medical Lectures and addresses on unidentified occasions. The fectures are on Society in 1905) DJC CSAC 42/6/76 CuZ ‘Anthropology in the Eighteenth Century': to Royal Anthropological Institute, 28 Jan. 1908: Presidential Address - printed copy with DJC's notes of corrections, - correspondence re those portraits included in the printed address (including correspondence with Sir William Lawrence's family who sent DJC 2 additional photographs of Lawrence) - correspondence following publication (not all signatures have been deciphered) Advisory Boards and Committees D.1-D.7 Royal Commission to consider and report upon the care amd treatment of the sick and the wounded during the South African Campaign: copy of Commission from Queen, book by W. Burdett-Coutts presenting his view of how Commission came to be appointed (see also A.9). Report of the Committee 'to enquire into the regulations under which candidates for Commissions in the Army as well as recruiiits are physically examined ...': typescript. 1900 c.1902 3 folders of papers relative to DJC's anthropometric worlk: of Anthropometric Committee of the British Association, «as witness at hearings by Parliamentary Inter-Departmental Committee on Physical Degeneration, as first spokesman of Deputation on Propased National Anthropometric Survey to the Prime Minister: as Chairman D.3 ms. draft of DJC's address (4 pp.), Physical Degeneration Committee: printed copy of DJC's BA Anthropometric Committee (chaired by DJC from 1904): BA reports and recommendations for 1903-08, ieport of papers and discussions at the Cambridge meeting of the BA in 1904, press cuttings re that meeting. _ evidence presented in January 1904, copy of tine Committee's report (annotated by DJC), typescript of memarandum on the "Alleged Physical Degeneration of the People wf Great Britain and Ireland' (Dec. 1903), and DJC's memoramedum to the Committee chairman re the views expressed by Professor KXarl Pearson on inheritance of moral and physical characters (Jan. 1904). committee papers, correspondence with George Thomas Beatson. Deputction on proposed National Anthropomefiric Survey to the Prime Minister: invitation from Anthropological Institute to jaiin Deputation, memorandum re proposed Survey, official reparts from the Royal Colleges of Surgeons and of Physicians agreeing to join Deputation. Territorial Medical Service: feasibility of the scehme (1907) with letter from Keogln requesting DJC to convene Scottish Committee (1908), printed memoramdum prepared by Keogh; 2 ms. drafts of addresses by DJC on the subiject, misc. correspondence with Alfired Keogh re 1907-08 DJC CSAC 42/6/76 D.7 Irish Inland Fisheries Commission: teypscript of DJC's evidence given before the Commission, final report of the Commission, misc. printed material, correspondence with editor of the ‘Field’. Correspondence £.1-E.15 from Arthur Balfour (2 letters) from Eng. Dubois (11 letters) from W. His (4 letters, one undated) from Joseph Lister (10 letters) from Lord Roberts (17 letters), mostly re Royal Zoological Society, Dublin. House, Dublin Zoo, 1902 letter from Buckingham Palace to Lord Roberts who forwarded it to DJC File includes programme at the opening of the Roberts from P. Topinard (2 letters) from Sir William Turner (4 letters, one is incomplete) from W. Waldeyer (2 letters and 1 postcard signed by Waldeyer and others) from Paul Albrecht 1906-07 1895-96, 1908 1892-97 1888-1907 1889-1907 1890-92 1896-1908 1899, 1909 John W. Stubbs John Gray McKendrick Wilheim Braune Silas Weir Mitchell Victor Alexander Haden Horsley Alfred Harry Young -- Steinbach Karl Bardeleben 1892 George Froncis Fitzgerald Sir John Batty Juke Sir William Henry Flower Samuel Haughion (2 letters) George Ferdinand Shaw L. Destuy (?) Sir Francis Galton C.A.J. Renard Sir James Paget 1885 1885 1886 1888 1889 1889 1889 1889 1890 1890 1890 1890 189] 1891 189] 189] 1892 DJC CSAC 42/6/76 ret from Bram (Abraham) Stoker Francis John Shepherd Johnson Symington J.G. Garson A. Birmingham Rt. Hon. William Edward Hartpole Lecky Howard Ensor Arthur John Bigge, Baron Stamfordham (2 letters) W. Cecil George Henry Cadogan (Earl) Sir John Evans Alfred Cort Haddon William McDougall Gustaf Reitrius George Alexander Gibson Rt. Hon. Sir Walter Boyd John Cleland W.W. Keen Sir Frederick Treves Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton Arthur Thomson Sir Harold Jalland Stiles 1892 1892 1893 1893 1896 1896, 1901 1900 1900 1900 1901 1902 1902 1902 1902, 1904 1903 1903 1903 1905 1906 1907 1907 1908 Undated note from T.H. Huxley Undated letter from Sir William Osler 2 letters with undecipherable signatures 1900, 1902 Publications Index of correspondents 1 letter from DJC to James Geikie, describing irip to Egypt (taken 1909 One box of offprints and articles by DJC. in the hope it would restore his heclth) and enclosing 4 photographs of himself at the Pyramids, etc. Albrecht, Paul Balfour, Arthur James (Earl) Bardeleben, Karl Beatson, George Thomas Bernard, Most Rev. John Henry Bigge, Arthur John (Baron Stamfordham) Birmingham, A. Boyd, Rt. Hon. Sir Walter Braune, Wilhelm Brunton, Sir Thomas Lauder Cadogan, George Henry (Earl) Cecil, W. m m m o u g q Q a o M m m m m m m m DJC CSAC 42/6/76 e e e e e ) n o ~ 0 6 G 2 — ° W O — e a k c e o g o O o i eal | 4 3 ] h o S N r e S O R 5 B. Cleland, John Cullingworth, Charles James Destuy, L. Dubois, Eng Ensor, Howard Evans, Sir John Fawcett, Edwan Fitzgerald, George Francis Flower, Sir William Henry Galton, Sir Francis Garson, J. Gy Geikie, James Gibson, George Alexarider Haddon, Alfred Cort Haldane, John Scott Haughton, Samuel His, W. Horsley, Victor Alexander Haden Huxley, Thomas Henry Jamieson, E. Keogh, Sir Alfred Keen, W. W. Kirkwood, George Lawrence, Louisa E. Lecky, Rt.Hon. William Edward Hartpole Lister, Joseph (Baron) Little, James McDougall, William McKendrick, John Gray Mahaffy, Sir James Pentland Mitchell, Silas Weir Moore, Sir Norman Mosley, C. Ww. Osler, Sir William Paget, Sir James Reed, Sir Andrew Retrius, Gustav Roberts, Frederick Sleigh (Earl) Scott, John Halliday Sharp, John Shaw, George Ferdinand Shepherd, Francis John Steinbach Stiles, Sir Harold Jalland Stoker, Bram (Abraham) Stubbs, John W. Swanzy, Sir Henry Symington, Johnson Thomas, Arthur Topinard, P. Treves, Sir Frederick Tuke, Sir John Batty Turner, Logan Turner, Sir William Waldeyer, W. Williams, Sir Dawson Young, Alfred Harry 0 > y D S S e a e 9 a a p O S V O , L O F E ) G 1 y G 0 a e st apeane N e O e w c O e w O T N A P a e e D t y b e c w e E e b e B t O t e t Y B - a o o w O o e R e e w