COCHRANE, William v2

Published: 16 January, 2024  Author: admin


THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Report on the papers of VliL LAM Se oc E Rr ASRS (1910-1972) Physicist deposited in the Archives of the University of Glasgow Reproduced for the Contemporary Scientific London WC2A 1HP Archives Centre (CSAC 26/3/75) by Quality House, Quality Court, Chancery Lane, THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS No. 75/30 1975 All rights reserved csac 26/3/75 THE ROYAL SOCIETY THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Joint Committee on Scientific and Technological Records CONTEMPORARY SCIENTIFIC ARCHIVES CENTRE Papers of WILLIAM COCHRANE (1910 — 1972) 1975 Deposited in the Archives of the University of Glasgow Listed by: Jeannine Alton Harriot Weiskittel WoC. CSAC. 26/3/75 Description of the collection. The collection was received from Mrs. Cherry Cochrane, with the exception of Items D.11 — D.16, which were received from the Department of Physics, Imperial College, London. The papers cover almost the whole span of Cochrane's working life, from his school notebooks in 1921 to his work at St. Thomas's Hospital in 1971. The very full lecture—notes which he kept as an undergraduate and graduate at Glasgow University (Section C, and note on p.5) are a useful record of the period. The lecture-notes and working papers in Section E are similarly of interest for the work on radio during the Second World War. Unless otherwise stated, all items are manuscript. Titles and descriptions in inverted commas are those on the manuscripts. Summary of the career of William Cochrane. b.1910 Glasgow. 1921 — 26 Hyndland School, Glasgow. 1929 1930 Demonstrator in Natural Philosophy, Glasgow. William Houldsworth Research Scholarship, Glasgow. Malvern, & other research establishments. 1945 ~ 52 twork at Imperial College, London. married Nelly (Cherry) Procter. 1932 — 36 Carnegie Trust Research Scholarship. 1942 — 43 Assistant to Sir George Thomson, Radio Board. 1926 — 34 Glasgow University; M.A. 1930; B.Sc. 19313; Ph.D. 1935. 1943 ~ 45 work at Telecommunications Research Establishment, Malvern. 1940 — 42 work in Aerials Section, Telecommunications Research Establishment, 1934 — 39 Demonstrator, later Assistant Lecturer, Imperial College, London. 1939 — 40 work at Operational Research Headquarters, Fighter Command, R.A.F. Tutor to Preslinical students, St. Thomas's. Senior Lecturer & Head of Department of Physics, St. Thomas's Tutor to First- Year students, St. Thomas's. 1946 1952 1960 1965 Hospital Medical School, London. W.C.-C.S.A.C. 26/3/75 CONTENTS OF THE HANDLIST. Biographical & Personal School notebooks Glasgow University 1926 — 34 Imperial College 1934 — 39 1946 — 52 A.15 B.6 C.92 D.1 — D.66 D.67 — D.80 Ee F. G. He War Service TRE etc.1939 — 45 E.1 -. E.36 St. Thomas's Hospital 1952 — 72 Publications & Broadcasts Correspondence Fei1 G.6 Index of correspondents W.C. C.S.A.C. 26/3/75 Biographical and Personal A.1 — A.15 Misc. biographical information: St. Thomas's Gazette (obituary of Cochrane p.31); letter from Sir George Thomson to.Sir Edward Appleton,May 1943,listing Cochrane's work at Glasgow & Imperial College during 1930s; Cochrane's applic- ation for post at St. Thomas's with curriculum vitae to 1952; letter from father giving early history; photographs of Cochrane & assistant (c) 1932. Career at Glasgow University 1926 — 34. Particulars of scholarships & bursaries, certificates of merit, attendance cards etc., also Cochrane's reports to Carnegie Trust on his researches. 1926 — 34 Career at Glasgow University 1926— 34. Printed material: examination papers, curricula, lists of award— winners, conférment of Cochrane's Ph.D 1935. 1926 — 35 Application for post of Assistant Lecturer in Physics in the Victoria University of Manchester; Ms & typed copies of applic— ation & testimonials. Autograph testimonials to Cochrane from R.A.Houston, E.Taylor Jones, Thomas M.MacRobert. 1931 1934 1934 1939 =— 44 Misc. receipts for fees at Imperial College. Corresp. with Carnegie Trust. War Service 1939 - 44 Imperial College 1934 — 39 Letter from Sir George Thomson on Cochrane's appointment 1934. Misc. official letters on promotion, salaries etc. Application for post of Assistant Lecturer in Physics, University College Swansea. Application for post of Assistant in Natural Philosophy, Univ- ersity of St. Andrews. Application for post of Assistant Lecturer in Physics, University College of Nottingham, (undated note). 1942 — 43 Corresp. with Sir George Thomson & Sir Lawrence Bragg on Cochrane's* appointment as personal technicalassistant to Thomson on Radio Board & his subsequent return to Telecommunications Research Establishment. Letter from Sir John Cockcroft on Air Ministry training scheme for physicists July 1939, & Cochrane's subsequent service at various research establishments, conditions of service & pay. War Service 1942 — 43 WoC. 6.S.A00. 26/3/75 A.11 Imperial College 1945 — 51 Letter from Sir George Thomson on Cochrane's release from war service; misc. official communications on promotions, salaries etc. A.12 Application for Fulbright Scholarship. A.13 Appointment at St. Thomas's Hospital Medical’ School. Misc. correspondence. A.14 Appointment at St. Thomas's Hospital Medical School. Correspondence. 1950 1952 1959 A.15 Correspondence re Physical Society. 1957 ~ 58 School Notebooks B.1 ~ B.6 School exercise book. School exercise book, ‘Latin notes,begun 20th Oct.'24! 1921 1924 " " " " " " 1924, 1925 1925 1925 tCHEMISTRY* ‘Physics Notebook? 'Physics,Dynamics,Statics' Notebook ‘August 1925's notes on mathematics,electricity & magnetism. 1925 W.C. €.S.A.C. 26/3/75 C.Glasgow University 1926 ~ 34 C.1 — 0.92 Throughout his university career, Cochrane kept an unusually full record of the lectures he attended and the class and laboratory exercises he performed, with dates and, usually, the names of the professors or lecturers concerned. It is therefore possible to obtain a detailed picture of the courses offered at the period. The books are arranged chronologically, and are followed by the loose working papers. Many of the books have notes at both front and rear, not always the same subject. C.1 C.2 ‘Chemical Laboratory Notebook. Bench 33A' ‘'Chemistry* C.3 ‘Natural Philosophy (ordinary)' C.4 ‘Coordinate Geometry Ordinary Class I' C.5 ‘Ordinary Class II* (Coordinate Geometry) 1926 — 27 1926 — 27 1926 1926 1926 (Dr. Houston) 3 books C.6 ‘Physical Laboratory Notebook* 1926 1927 1927 1927 1927 (Mr. N.MacArthur) 4-books (Professor MacRobert) 2 books C.9 ‘Ordinary Maths (continued) * C.7 ‘Chemistry (continved) Ordinary* C.8 ‘Natural Philosophy Ordinary (continued)* C.10 — C.11 'Mathematics Inter Hons’, 'Calculus! C.16 - C.18 'Natural Philosophy Class C* 2,3,4. (book 1 missing) C.12 — C.15 "Mathematics Inter Hons (Coordinate Geometry) 1928 = 29 Mechanics (Mr. Cochrane,Mr. McFarlane), Hydrodynamics (Mr. Shearer) C.29 — 6.32 ‘Mathematics Advanced Honours', and ‘*Calculus' numbered and dated. ( Professor MacRobert,Mr. MacArthur) C.33 ~ C.35 "Mathematics Advanced Honours' 3 books numbered and C.26 ~ C.28 "Nat. Phil. Class A' 3 books numbered and datéd. C.19 ~ C.25 Logic. 7 notebooks numbered 1 - 7 and dated. dated. Coordinate Geometry. (Mr. MacArthur) (Mr. Haydock and others) 4 books 1928 1927 — 28 1927 — 28 1927 = 28 1928 = 29 WoC. CeSeAC. 26/3/75 C.36 - C.40 ‘Moral Philosophy’ 5 books numbered and dated. (Professor Bowman, Mr. Phillips, Mr. Campbell) C.41 ‘dnalytical Geometry’. Problems. C.42 Misc. notes on Geometry & Electricity. C.43 — C.45 ‘Nat. Phil. Class A* 3 books numbered and dated. Thermodynamics. (Professor E.Taylor Jones) C.46, C.47 ‘Maths. Adv. Hons.', ‘Complex Variable & Calculus’ (Professor MacRobert ) C.48, C.49 Differential Equations. (Mie. MacArthur) 2 books numbered and dated. C.50, C.51 "Nat. Phil Class A", "Hydrodynamics by Mr. Shearert 2 books. C.52 'Properties of matter by Mr. McFarlane & Electricity by Prof. Jones? C.53 ‘Electricity given by Mr. McFarlane!’ C.54 ‘Attractions by Mr. Cochrane & Light by Dr. Houston' 1928 — 29 1928 1929 1929 1929 1929 1929 1929 1929 1929 C.65,C.66 C.67 — C.69 C.71, C.72 14/2/31 3 books C.60 —~ C.63 C.55 ‘Mechanics given by Mr. Cochrane in Natural Philosophy Class A* 1929 1929 1930 1930 1930 1930 1930 1930 C.70 Misc. mathematics C.59 Misc. notes on Vectors ‘Examples in Maths.' 4 books ‘Electricity by Prof. Jones* 2 books ‘Coordinate Geometry by Mr. McArthur’ C.64 *Spherical Harmonies' (Professor MacRobert ) C.56 ~ C.58 "Analysis by Dr. Hislop', ‘Maths, Adv. Hons.’3 books Noe C.78 *Notes on Wave Mechanics etc.11/3/31! C.80 ‘Natural Philosophy Dept. — Lab. notes? C.79 "Notes re Cathode Rays etc. 13/3/31! C.81 tQuantum Mechanics etc. 30 July 1931! C.82 Notes on books & articles on electricity. C.77 Notes on books & articles on light German, notes & vocabulary book 1931 1931 1931 1931 1931 C.73 - C.76 Botany 4 books 1930 1930 WeCe “C.S.k.C. 26/3/75 C.83 Electricity Kotes' C.84 Vacant C.85 large notebook, '17th March 1943' (with some later loose pages). Notes on galvanometzrs, neon discharge tube photometer,oscillators, aluminium cell, etc. 1943 - €.92 Loose working papers. ‘Notes taken in Chemistry Laboratory given by Dr.MacMillan, Mr. Culloch! 1926 — 27 3 Examination answer books, ‘Statistics Mr. Arthur’ 1932 Sc " " " Notes on books & articles read.(c) 1933 2 Misc. notes & calculations. ned. Thesis: Diffraction of Cathode Rays by Thin Films. Ms. drafts & notes. (c) 1934 Paper on Wave Mechanics: drafts, diagrams, notes (incomplete), correspondence. 1934 Large black folder: notes on astronomy & spherical trigonometry, lecture notes, class exercises, teaching material. 1930 = 31 Imperial College. 1934 — 39 D.1 — D.66: 1946 — 52, D.67 — D.80 of pages, a format of paper, or a clear indication of the content D.11 —~ D.16 refer to 6 envelopes of notes, translations, photo— Dr. Cochrane left a large number of notes and working papers on various aspects of thermodynamics, entropy, the theory of gases etc. permitted, they have been grouped together, but some remain unidentified. papers were very disordered and few bore dates; where a numbered sequence relating to his work as Demonstrator and Lecturer at the College. The Lectures by Mr. Harding. contains his descriptive note on its contents, and only a brief indication graphs etc. left by Cochrane in the Department of Physics, Imperial College. This material was sorted and identified by Professor Moses Blackman FRS, Prefessorof Physics, Imperial College; each envelope is given in the list below. D.1 2 Examination answer books,*Wave Mechanics’. WC CBidis-: 26/3775 D.2 Exercise book, notes & calculations. " " " "t w w " ", notes on books & articles read " " ", "The Interference of R&ntgen & electron waves. M.veLaue.Berlin 1935° D.7 2 black exercise books, *Thermodynamics I,II', with some loose pages & photographs. Exercise book, inscribed inside ‘Record of Students* Work’, but contains notes on books read (many tranklated from German by Cochrane), notes & calculations. Notes for examination questions on thermodynamics. Notes on books & articles read. 1938 nede Nede Envelope I Notes,photographs,translations of papers in German. Professor M.Blackman notes that the booklets labelled A.1 and A.2 ‘are more interesting; they contain notes relevant to Cochrane's work on elctrolytic deposition of nickel on copper, and also comments on work by Frisch and his co-workers which impinged on this work’. D.12 Envelope II Notes & photographs on electron diffraction. D.13 Envelope III 12 Examination answer books of notes on electron 1947 D.14 Envelope IV Notes on books & articles read. D.16 Envelope VI Notes on vibrational properties of coupled oscillators; D.15 Envelope V Notes & translation of books & articles, some perhaps done while at Glasgow. diffraction, diffraction by crystal lattices ~ perhaps for lectures. includes work on Laue Zones by research student MA. Cayless. Professor M.Blackman notes 'both Cochrane and I discussed this work with Cayless.! 'Kelvin's Scale of Absolute Temperature? ‘Radiation & Quantum Theory’ 'The Pressure of Radiation'* ‘Wire under Tension! 'Planck's Radiation Formula! ‘Eqns. of State for Gases' 'Thermodynamics* 'Stefan's Law', and 'Wien's Displaement Law’ WoC. CeSeAC. 26/3/75 D.25 *Jeans's Theory of Gases? D.26 Notes on heat & energy (3 pp) D.27 Coefficients of expansion D.28 ‘Number of independent Vibrations of a Continuous Mediumt D.29 Unidentified D.30 2 Examination answer books, *Thermot D.31 Examination answer book, 'Theory of Solutions? D.32 Misc. notes & calculations, probably for lectures. D.33 *Persulphuric Acid' (2 pp) D.34 *Aluminium' D.35 *Mechanics* D.36 tElectrical Units' D.37 *The Zeeman Effect? D.38 *Relative Motion of a Particle! D.43 Misc. notes. Physical Society. on Quantum Theory. — 4, on particles. some unnumbered pages. pages 56A — 69 D.40 Misc. notes, pages 1 D.42 Misc. notes, pages numbered 1 — 7, 11 D.39 Misc. notes, pages numbered 12 — 18, D.44 "Homogeneous Mixture. Say salt dissolved in water', pages 1 D.45 ‘Homogeneous mixture of Two Compts. e.g. salt dissolved in water’, D.41 "Degrees of Freedom in Box, which is a Perfect Reflector! (pps 2 and 3) (3 pp) D.49 Notes on mixtures,pages 48 ~ 56,last page inscribed tend of 7th lec. 26/2/37! D.50 'Gases which react chemically',some pages numbered, p.10 inscribed tend of lecture 16/3/37! D.51 D.49 - D.55 Work on gases,some deliveedas lectures and dated 1937 D.48 ‘Seismmetry and Seismophysicst: paper on earthquakes ,delivered to D.47 'General Dynamical Theory of Seismographs',pages 1 D.46 *The Alchemists? 5 "For {Ron a perfect gast rfo Be ~ — 18 and — 11 WiGs:: OS.A.0s« 26/3/75 10. D.52 *ntropy of a gas',pages numbered 1 D.53 Notes on gases, some pages numbered. D.54 "Gaseous mixtures', pages numbered 51 D.55 ‘Mixture of gases which react chemically',pages numbered 70 — 85 — 4 and some unnumbered pages. — 72 D.56 *Carnot's Theorem',pps 1 — 3 D.57 Hotes on heat & pressure,pps 1 — 7 D.58 Notes on heat & gases,pps 2 — 6 D.59 *Thermo 1938',pps 1 — 52 D.60 'Elasticity', pps 1 — 59 and some unnumbered pages. D.61 *Integrals', pps 1 — 22 D.62 *Thermodynamics 14 Feb. 1939* pps 1 9 - 50 and some unnumbered ? pages D.63 *Electricity', series of partly numbered sequences,perhaps for lecture course. D.64 Notes for discussion on crystal growth,correspondence. D.65 Notes, drafts & working papers on X-ray scattering, perhaps for lectures. D.66 Misc. notes on small-angle scattering. D.67 ‘Counting Circuits',lecture & misc.working papers D.68 Notes of books & articles on Boron Chambers & methods of neutron measurement. D.69 Misc. notes for lectures on Equipartition, Radiation, Electromotive Force,Statistics etc. D.70 Misc. notes & diagrams ‘Wide Angle Rad" Interference! etc. D.71 Misc. notes, perhaps for lectures: ‘Dielectric Constant’, Nernst Calorimeter', 'Thyatron Experiment’, *Hlementary notes on Transmission Lines’, ‘Nodal Points', ‘Notes on Transmission Lines', ‘Artificial Line', *Lecher Wires’. 1945 = 52 hand. Misc. notes on topics in nuclear physics, radiation, thermodynamics,and note on Electrostatic Risks dated 27 July 1953 D.75 Notebook inscrited ‘Electron diffraction...May 1936" in another 1936,1953 D.72 Misc. notes, perhaps for lectures: ‘Elehentary Notes on Circuits! *Multivibrator! and others. D.76 Notebook dated 20 Sept.1945. Notes on books & articles read, plan for lectures on ‘Nuclear Reactions? 1952 D.73,D-74 Unidentified working papers. 2 folders. WiC. 26/3/75 D.77 Notebook dated 31 Oct. 1945. Notes on books & articles read, experiments & calculations, variously dated. D.78 ~ D.80 Imperial College notebooks of students! work and experiments. 1945 — 57 1946 — 48 D.78 *W.H.Hobein Oct.1946 Physics Practical? (Thermodynamics & Spectroscopy) D.79 *WeReLoosemore Feb. 1947 Practical Physics! D.80 *R.H.Eldridge Practical Physics 1947 ~ 48" (Spectroscopy) E._War Service 1939 —- 45 &.1 — E.36 The Section covers Cochrane's work at various research establishments on radio signals etc.,mainly at T.R.E.Malvern 1940 = 42,and 1943 =— 45. There are notebooks and working papers, and lectures delivered as an Instructor. E.1 Black notebook, 'Oct.1940',on transmission lines (at Swanage) 1940 1940 1940 1940 E.2 E.3 $.0.Manifold Book. S.0.Manifold Book, with some loose pages of notes & letters S.0.Notebook, notes on 'Signal-Noise Ratiot etc.(at Swanage) Stationery Office Notebook, 'Notes on Electricity’, with some extra pages interleaved. S.O.Notebook, with loose pages on 'Tube lines', ‘Rough Notes for Elementary Lectures', expenses vouchers. Loose pages of reports & notes on ‘Influence of Crystal Form on the Interference pattern of the Space Lattice',*Theory of Goniometer',*Prelininary Report on Ground & Kite & balloon calibrationt 11/11/40. 1941 =» 42 loose notes & reports (included in E.11) on 'Mutual Impedance of Half-Wave Aerials', ‘Application of Radiolocation to Ship Navigation’ etc. S.0.Manifold Book, notes on circuits. (at Swanage) 5.0.Notebook, notes on circuits, plane waves etc. " " " S.O.Notebook, misc. notes 1940 1940 1941 1941 1941 1941 S.0.Notebook, *TX Linest 1941 — 42 WoC. CSAC. 26/3/75 E.13 S.0.Notebook. E.14 S.0.Notebook. E.15 S.0.Manifold Book. E.16 Royal Air Force Notgbook, notes & diagrams E.17, E.18 2 Royal Air Force Notebooks E.19 S.0.Notebook, *Bury 10/7/44! E.20 Science Exercise Book, ‘Bury Fourier Series etc. Bk. I! E.21 " tM ce Migr ae dae E.22 E.23 E.24 S.0.Notebook Wee ede © " ‘Bury. Fourier Series. Private Notes* E.25 Work on Radio. Research Records 2310, 2311 (by Cochrane} 18 March 1942, and later notes on Frequency Modulation, radar circuits, RDF. E.26 — E.28 'Radar. Wireless Lecturest given by Cochrane at TRE, Malvern. 3 folders. 1941 — 42 1942 1942 1942 1943 1944 1944 1944 1944 1944 node E.29 — E.34 Work on aerials at TRE, Malvern F.4 F.5 F.6 F.7 E.35, E.36 Work on transmission lines & wave guides, at TRE, Malvern. Notes & lectures given by Cochrane. 2 folders. E.29 "Various Polar Diagram Calculations? E.30 ‘Aerials Panel' (committee meetings) E.31 "Aerials Write-up! E.32 ‘Aerials Write-up! E.33 ‘Sketches for Aerials Write-up! E.34 Misc. notes & diagrams Notes & calculations on Nomogram. 3 sets of notes, perhaps for lectures, on ‘Entropy and Probability'* Extended set of notes for lectures on Thermodynamics 47pp. Misc. notes on gases, entropy & other subjects. F.2, F.3 2 Exercise books tHeat', "Light! F.1 Black notebook, 'Radioactivity' etc. Fe St. Thomas's Hospital 1952 —- 72 F.1—F.11 W.C. C.S4hsG. 26/3/75 F.8 F.9 Misc. bibliographies & reading~lists for St. Thomas's students; loose working papers & calculations Misc. notes & working papers Green notebook, with some loose papers, mainly notes on Ionising Radiation, dated 11 Oct. 1971 Blue ledger notebook, mainly notes on books & articles on X-ray scattering. Dec. Publications and Brojdcasts. G.1 ~ G.6 Offprint of article 'The transformation of the nitrogen isotope of mass 15 into carbon and helium by bombardment with protons'* (Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond.A, 199, with Ms. note by Cochrane on the contribution of the co-authors. 1949) by WeCochrane & A.G Hester, Article ‘Electricity' for Chambers's Encyclopaedia. Corresp. with editors & Ms. draft of article (170pp.) 1961 — 64 1961 — 64 1949 ~ 61 Diagrams for article 'Electricity' in Chambers's Encyclopaedia. Drafts for articles ‘Electron Diffraction', '*Electron Diffraction & the Electron Microscope’? Correspondence with Sir George Thomson, and Macmillan & Co.Ltd. re Thomson & Cochrane,Electron Diffraction ,reprints,export sales etc. Correspondence re Cochrane's contribution to broadcast in "Science Survey’ on electron diffraction, with Frank Twyman & Sir Edward Appleton; includes corrected script prepared for broadcast. Misc. corresp. with colleagues & students Corresp. with Sir George Thomson, with his Ms. draft for Preface to Electron Diffraction. Corresp. with Max von Laue & Georg Menzer Dec. 1936 — April 37 Correspondence. H.1 - H.4 Misc. scientific corresp. with colleagues. WoC. C.SeAcC. 26/3/75 Index to correspondents. BRAGG, Sir Lawrence BRADLEY, Albert James BODY, Richard B. COCKCROFT, Sir John DOBINSK, Stanislaw EVEREST, Arthur B. HOUSTON ,R. Ae JONES. E. Taylor JENKINS, Re KINSEY, B. 0. Be LAUE, Max von MacROBERT, Thomas M. MENZER, Georg Ae MURISON,C. PASHLEY, Donald William | THOMSON, Sir George a. TUCKER, A. A.10 H.1 H.1 A.9 H.1 H.1 Ad A.A, C.91 He1 H.1 H.3 A.4 H.3 H.1 H.1 Kot, AGG 4.10, A. 11;-G.5, BLE He1