ASTBURY, William Thomas

Published: 16 January, 2024  Author: admin


CONTEMPORARY SCIENTIFIC ARCHIVES CENTRE British National Committee for the History of Science, Medicine and Technology under the guidance of the Royal Society’s CATALOGUE OF THE PAPERS AND CORRESPONDENCE OF WILLIAM THOMAS ASTBURY FRS CSAC 33/10/75 THE ROYAL SOCIETY THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Joint Committee on Scientific and Technological Records CSAC 33/10/75 CONTEMPORARYSCIENTIFIC ARCHIVES CENTRE Papers of William Thomas Astbury (1898 - 1961) Listed by: Jeannine Alton Harriot Weiskittel Deposited in The Brotherton Library, University of Leeds 1975 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Description of the collection 1 The papers were received from Mr. W.F. Astbury (son), Fru M.M. Persson (daughter), and the Astbury Department of Biophysics, University of Leeds. Dr. Thomas Lonsdale has also contributed his recollections of Astbury's early work, and a photograph (Item A.6). Some scientific correspondence exchanged with Astbury 1933-40 remains in the personal papers of Professor C.D. Darlington FRS. The collection illustrates all aspects of Astbury's activities, with the exception of his work at the Royal Institution and earliest work at Leeds. The bulk of the documents represent the extensive scientific correspondence which he conducted - often single-handed in the absence of secretarial help, as th SS Vw — letters themselves make clear - with individual . colleagues and learned societies, especially 1940-57. No records can be traced for the following periods: 1947 (all); 1949 (January-July), but the surviving letters, research plans and progress reports help to document the rapid progress of research in protein structure and nucleic acids during and after the 1939-45 War. Astbury kept his correspondence in large 'A.B.C.' files each covering roughly one year. The letters were usually arranged in alphabetical order by name of correspondent, but there were no personal or subject files, or cross-references, and the system itself was far from consistent and proved impossible to retain. All the documents have been re-sorted and assigned either to categories (e.g. Section B. Leeds University, Section D. Publications, Section F. Conferences), industrial firms, or individual correspondents. The scientific correspondence in Section E is presented in alphabetical order, with dates: see note on p.16. There is also a General Index to the correspondence on pp. 35-53. All items are manuscript unless otherwise indicated. W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Summary of the career of W.T. Astbury b.1898 educ. Longton, Stoke-on-Trent Longton High School 1917, 1919-21 Jesus College, Cambridge 1921-23 1922 1923-28 1928-37 1937-45 1940 1945-61 Demonstrator in Physics, University College, London, and Assistant to Sir William Bragg married Frances Gould Assistant to Sir William Bragg, Davy-Feraday Laboratory, Royal Institution, London Lecturer in Textile Physics, University of Leeds Reader in Textile Physics, University of Leeds Elected to Royal Society Professor of Biomolecular Structure and Hon. Reader in Textile Physics, University of Leeds . A full list of Astbury's honours and awards may be found in the Memoir by J.D. Bernal, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol.9, 1963, p.26. - Contents of the Handlist O O o m Biographical & Personal University of Leeds & Department Notebooks & Slides Lectures & Publications Scientific Correspondence Conferences Committees & Societies ‘Index to the correspondence Items 1-18 1- 42 an) 1- 58 1-212 1- 15 1- 27 Pages . 3- 4 4- 6 ba 7 7-16 16-27 27-31 31-35 ' 35-53 3 1914-61 1937-38, 1950 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Biographical and personal A. A.1-A.18 A.1-A.3 ‘Press Books' containing press cuttings of lectures, honours and awards, scientific articles; telegrams; printed notices of lectures, invitations; autographed menus; photographs; programmesof conferences and meetings; letters of appoint- ment; obituary notices: A.1 A.2 A.3 1914-45 1946-51 1951-61 Journal of visits to USA. (139 pp. 1937 visit; 5 pp. 1938; 1p 1950.) notes of discussions with scientific colleagues. Contains Biographical Details (for Who's Who, etc.) Correspondence containing biographical information; to CSAC from Thomas Lonsdale enclosing photographs of ‘ping-pong group’ taken on roof of Davy-Faraday Laboratory. letter Folder containing letter from W.L. Bragg offering to sponsor Astbury for election to Royal Society, copy of Astbury's reply, copies of Astbury's acknowledgements of letters of congratulation on election; correspondencere official photograph for National Portrait Gallery. A.4 A.5 A.6 A.7 A.8 Honours (letters of notification and of congratulation, and copies of Astbury's replies): 1945-56 | Croonian Lecture, 1945 Royal Society of Sciences, Uppsala, 1946 Hon. D.Sc., University of Strasbourg, 1946 Sylvanus Thompson Memorial Medal, British Institute of Radiology, 1948 Rockefeller Grant, 1948 Honorary Life Membership, New York Academy of Sciences, 1950 Corresponding Member, Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, Milan, 1951 American Society of European Chemists, 1953 Foreign Member, Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, 1956 A.9 Correspondence re membership of various committees and societies: 1941-52 Society for Freedom in Science, Société Philomathique de Paris, Hospital Physicists’ Association, Leeds Regional Hospital Board, Royal Microscopical Society, Gerontological Society Invitationsto fill academic post in Canada, assume directorship in India. W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 A.10 A.1] A.12 A.13 A.14 A.15 Astbury served as Navigation War Service correspondence. Officer in Leeds University Air Squadron. The file includes arrangements for training courses for navigation instructors, dress regulations, memoranda, specimen examination paper for meteorology course, navigation syllabus, fire-watching duties. Correspondence re Astbury's musical interests: instruments, concerts, Leeds University Midday Recitals Committee; with E. Ashby and C.W. Bunn re Astbury's device for violin support. Correspondence re travel arrangements. Correspondencere illness (mostly during 1954-56). Misc. invitations (not indexed). Acknowledgements of congratulory letters sent by Astbury. A.16-A.18 Misc. personal correspondence (3 folders). B. University of Leeds and Department 8B.1 - B.42 B.1-B.3 Correspondence with and re students and staff (3 folders). The correspondence deals withapplications to join dept., wartime employment, applications for fellowships, grants for foreign students, advertisement and applications for laboratory boy, placing of students from departments of other universities, examining of theses: B.1 B.2 B.3 1939-49 1950-52 1953-56 4 1941-45, 1955-56 1945-46, 1948-57 1942-54 1950-56 1945-56 1940-56 1940-56 1939-56 (see also files with G. Eaves, L. Singleton, B. Patnaik, N.N. Saha, L. Lorand in Section E). B.4-B.8 Correspondence with Registrar (5 folders) re appointments in the department, research grants from charitable foundations, setting of oral examinations for students, Astbury's membership on University committees; includes copies of letters from Registrar to members of Astbury's department: 1939-57 B.4 B.5 B.6 B.7 B.8 1939-46 1948-50 1951-52 1953-54 1955-57 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 B.9-B.13 Correspondence with Bursar (5 folders) re departmental grants and finances, salaries, accounts: B.9 B.10 B.11 B.12 B.13 1940-48 1949-50 1951-52 1953-54 1955-56 B.14-B.17 Correspondence with members of other departments in the University (4 folders) re arrangements for Astbury and his staff to give lecture coursesto students of other departments, University business, social invitations, visits of scientists to Leeds. new Department of Biomolecular Structure: B.14 contains correspondence re establishment of B.14 B.15 B.16 B.17 1944-46, 1948-50 1951-52 1953-54 1955-57 5 1940-56 1944-57 (see also files of correspondence with E.G. Cox, J.T. Ingram, J.B. Speakman, R.D. Passey, L. Lorand, N.N. Saha and M.R. Truter in Section E). Correspondence with Vice-Chancellor, including correspondence re establishment of new Department of Biomoiecuiar Structure. Correspondence with C.G. Kay Sharp re establishment of Ophthalmological Research Unit. Correspondence with Fabric Office/Planning Engineer. Correspondence re courses given by Department of Extra-mural Studies. Correspondence re exchange between senior members of London Midland and Scottish Railway Co. and teaching staff of University. 1940-56 1944-46 1943-57 1951-55 1946 B.18 B.19 B.20 B.21 B.22 B.23-B.27 Requests and arrangements for visits with Astbury and/or to his laboratory at Leeds: 1941-57 B.23 B.24 B.25 B.26 B.27 1941-45 1946, 1948 1949-50 =1951-52 1953-57 B.28-B.31 Electron Microscope: B.28 - Requests from schools, societies, industrial laboratories, government 1944-54 departments, Leeds University academics to view demonstrations of electron microscope (not indexed). W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 B.29 B.30 B.3] B.32 B.33 B.34 B.35 B. 36 Correspondence with RCA re purchase, servicing and replace- ment parts of electron microscope (not indexed). Correspondencere hiring of technician to operate electron microscope, advertisement in Nature etc. appointed to the post. (not indexed) Ronald Reed was Misc. correspondence re electron microscope (advice to other universities re purchaseand maintenance of E.M., use ofthe E.M. by other departments at Leeds, manufacture of new parts, articles for the press, etc.). Equipment: Correspondence with British Supply Office. Correspondencewith Ilford Ltd. Correspondence with Metropolitan Vickers. Correspondence with Metropolitan Vickers. Correspondence with Philips Electrical Ltd. B.37-B.42 Misc. correspondence re equipment and supplies for department (6 folders): B.37 B.38 B.39 B.40 B.41 B.42 1940-43 §=61944 1945-48 1949-50 1951-53 1954-56 C. Notebooks and slides C.1-C.6 6 1941-57 1943 1944-57 1946 1940-52 1941-46 1947-56 1940-50 1940-56 1928-39, 1942 C.1 C.2 Laboratory notebook containing record of experimental results, diagrams, measurement of photographs, notes on articles read. Notations on muscle photographs (1932), on extensibility of fibres (1932), on cancer photographs (1932). Notes on ‘Lectures at the Dept. of Leather Industries (Mr. Thompson)! (1932-33). Notebook also contains draft of 'Report on the structure of Polyisobutylene for 1.C.1. Ltd. at Billingham’, December 1942, with photographs and figures. At the end of the notebook there is an "Index of Wool X-ray Photographs' with 482 entries dated and described. These entries include summaries of those photograph measurements which are recorded in the experimentai results. Notebook titled on first page ‘X-ray and Relatea Research on the Molecular Structure of Biological Tissues Proteins, etc. (Rockefeller Grant)’. The notebook begins with an entry dated 1934 and continues for 209 pages (in Astbury's hand) 1934-61 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 7 The experiments, tabular summaries of data, graphs, to the last entry dated March 1961 and labelled ‘Feather Keratin'. illustrations, notes on others work, are clearly set out and dated. Many loose notes and data were inserted between the pages of the notebook and these have beenleft in their original position. There is one packageof illustrations and photographs. C8 Notebook containing drafts and notes of lectures: 1931-52 "Lectures on the Fundamental Structure of Textile, delivered to 2nd and 3rd year Textile Physics Class, Oct.1931-1932.' "Lecture on X-ray Investigation of Collagen and Gelatin delivered to Leather Dept. (Leeds University), June 21, 1933.' "Lectures on the Molecular Structure and Properties of Textile Fibres. of Leeds. Dept. of Textile Industries, The University Session 1934-35. ‘Lectures on The Molecuiar Structure of Fibres. Physics. 1936-37.' Textile "Lecture by White (I.C.1.) on dyeing of new synthetic fibres.' 1940. "Colloquium on Nylon by A.K. Saville.' 1942. "Advanced course on The Science of Fibres given in the Textile Dept., 1952.' C.4 C.5 C.6 Notebook containing 119 pp. draft entitled 'Studies of Protein Structure’, May 1947, with loose bibliographical notes. Possibly the draft for a monograph Astbury was to write for Oxford University Press series. (see also Item D.32). 1947 Woodenslide case containing 105 slides (possibly for visit to USAin 1953) and a full descriptive index. The slides cover the whole range of Astbury's career and the muititude of his interests. 2 envelopes containing photograph of X-ray of Ardil (1945) and X-ray photographs from Bamford (1953). Lectures, addresses and publications D. D.30 - D.58 Publications D.1 -D.29 Lectures, addresses D.1 'The Molecular Structure of the Fibres of the Collagen Group.' First Proctor Memorial Lecture, International Society ofY ’ Leather Trades' Chemists, London Conference 28 Aug. 1940: correspondencere scheduling and publishing of lecture,published in J. Internat. Soc. Leather Trades' Chemists, Vol. 24, p.69 (No.41 in R.S. Memoir). 1939-40 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 D.2 Correspondencere: 1940-41 'The Structure of Proteins', The Chemical Society of Glasgow, 15 Nov. 1940. "Protein Multilayers', University of Manchester Chemical Society, 5 Nov. 1940. "Adventures among the Proteins', Ardeer Chemical Club, 10 Dec. 1940. ‘The Molecular Structure and Properties of the Collagen Fibres', Manchester College of Technology Chemical Society, 10 Feb. 1941. "Protein Structure’, Institute of Chemistry East Midlands Section, 20 Feb. 1941. D.3 D.4-D.5 1941 1942-50, 1957 Jubilee Memorial Lecture, Society of Chemical 'Proteins.' Industry, published in Chem. and Ind. 60, 41, 491 (No.52 in R.S. Memoir). Invitation to deliver lecture from Prof. J.C. Philip FRS, correspondencere details of lecture, venue, printing of lecture, reprints. a Correspondence with British Council and the British Broadcasting Corporation re Astbury's broadcasts (2 folders): scripts, ideas for new programmes, scheduling of rehearsals and recording sessions, publication and illustration of broadcasts, distribution of recordings, translation, letters received following broadcasts. Titles include: "Textile fibres from peanuts.' 'Fibres in nature and industry. ' ‘Motion, muscles and molecules.' "Molecules to measure’ series. ‘Clear thinking. D.6 Correspondencere: 1941-43 "Applied X-rays', Society of Chemical Industry, Newcastle Upon Tyne Section, 30 June 1941. "X-rays and the stoichiometry of the proteins, with special reference to the structure of the Keratin-myosin group', The Chemical Society, London, 20 Nov. 1941. Soc., 1942, p.337 (No.55 in R.S. Memoir). Published in J. Chem. 'The Structure of Fibres', Chemical Society, Dundee, 19 Jan. 1942. 'X-rays and protein structure: some recent advances', Oxford University Junior Scientific Club, 30 Oct. 1942. 'Fibrous Proteins', University of Manchester Chemical Society, 28 July 1943. 9 1941-56 1944 1944 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 D.7 D.8 Lancastrian Frankland Society: correspondence with W.G. Sedgwick re lecture on 'Proteins', 9 Jan. 1942 and lecture on 'From Wool to Bacterial Flagella: Basis of Biological Motility', 7 Dec. 1956. contains some scientific correspondence. Thefile also Studies in the Molecular "X-ray examinations of plastics’, Society of Chemical Industry, Plastics Group, 15 March 1944. Published in Chem. and ind., No.15, p.114 (No.64 in R.S. Memoir): correspondence re a scheduling of lecture and publication of Mss. D.9 Correspondencere: 'The X-ray study of plastics', Chemical, Textile Chemical, and Textile Societies of Manchester College of Technology, 22 May 1944. 'The Molecular Structure of Fibres', Lancaster Section of the Textile Institute, 7 Oct. 1944. ‘Adventures among the Proteins and other Moiecuiar Giants‘, Association of Women Science Teachers, 23 Sept. 1944. 'X-ray analysis of fibres', Yorkshire Section of the Textile Institute, 9 Oct. 1944. misc. invitations (declined). 'Fibres and Fabrics, old and new', Royal Institution Friday Discourse, 12 May 1944. Published in Proc. Roy. Inst., Vol .33, p.140, 1946 (No.65 in R.S. Memoir). 1944-46 Invitation from Sir Henry Dale, correspondence with W.J. Green re arrangements for lecture and equipment, with librarian re publication. D.11 'X-ray interpretation of wool', Cantor Lecture, Royal Society of Arts, 26 Feb. 1945. p.613, 1945 (No.64a in R.S. Memoir). Published in J. Roy. Soc. Arts, Vol.43, 1944-48 Correspondence re scheduling of lecture, list of people to whom invitations were sent, publication and illustration of lecture, publicity. Correspondence re: 1945 'Science and Textile Industries', Rotary Club of Bradford, 19 Jan. 1945. 'X-ray study of plastics', Association of Scientific Workers, 8 Feb. 1945. 'The Molecular Siructure of Fibres. A Review of the Present Position', Scottish Section of the Textile institute, 2 March 1945. 'Macro-molecules', British Section of International Society of Leather Trades Chemists, 21 Sept. 1945. misc. invitations to lecture (declined). W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 D.13 "Recent advances in X-ray and related studies of the fibrous proteins', lecture at Utrecht, 9 Nov. 1946 (with correspondence re other invitations to lecture in Holland). Summary of lecture is included in the file. D.14 Correspondencere: 10 1946 1946 Lecture to Old Scholars, Scientific Society, Yorkshire, 5 Jan. 1946. 'The Structure and Elastic Properties of Synthetic Fibres’, Birmingham and Midlands Section of Royal Institute of Chemistry, 15 Feb. 1946 (with 2-page typescript of abstract). Lecture on penicillin, The Inner Wheel, Leeds, 22 Feb. 1946. Speech day, Longton High School, 6 June 1946. misc. invitations (declined).. o o h Correspondencere: 1947-48 Lecture to Society of Chemical Industry, Newcastle Upon Tyne Section, 16 April 1947. Lecture to Royal Institute of Chemistry, South Yorkshire Section, May 1947. "Collagen and Keratin', Royal College of Surgeons, Dental Postgraduate Course, 28 Jan. 1948. 'The structure of biological tissues as revealed by X-ray diffraction analysis and electron microscopy’ (Sylvanus Published Thompson Memorial Lecture), 16 April 1948. in Br. J. Radiol., Vol.22, p.355 (No.84 in R.S. Memoir). Demonstration of electron microscope, Royal Microscopical Society Soirée, 6 Oct. 1948. 'The electron microscope and some recent discoveries withit in the field of macromolecules', Chemical Society, Sheffield, 4 Nov. 1948. 'The Muscle Machine', Biochemical Society, University of Birmingham, 11 Nov. 1948. ‘Macromolecular adventures with the electron microscope’, Chemical Society, Aberdeen, 10 Dec. 1948. misc. invitations (declined). D.16 'The Science of Fibres', Bradford Textile Society, 13 Published in J. Bradford Textile Society, in R.S. Memoir). Correspondence re arrangements for lecture, publication, reprints. ciety Jan. 1947. ct p.3, 1946-47 (No.69 ] Jan ln 1947 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 D.17 "Macromolecular Adventures with the Electron Microscope’, Presidential Address to the Yorkshire Branch of the Science Masters' Association, 12 Oct. 1948. During Astbury's year as president, the Association held a Conference on the Correlation of School and University Science Teaching on 8 May at Leeds University; Astbury's correspondence with the secretary re arrangements for the conference (speakers, publicity, hospitality). the file includes 11 1947-49 D.18 Correspondencere: 7 949 Lecture to Blackburn Philosophical and Scientific Society, 7 Oct. 1949. "Recent Macromolecular Adventures with the Electron Microscope’, Glasgow Section of Royal Institute of Chemistry, 21 Oct. 1949. Lecture to Society of Glass Technology, Wembley, 26 Oct. 1949. Lecture to Royal Institute of Chemistry, Tees-side Section, 28 Oct. 1949. Lecture to Chemical Society, Southampton, 25 Nov. 1949. misc. regrets. D.19 Correspondence re: 1950 'X-ray analysis and electron microscopyof fibre structure’, University of Manchesier, 9 Feb. 1950. 'The Chemistry and Physics of Textile Fibres', University College, Leicester, 21 Feb. 1950. "Molecular Studies with the electron microscope’, Huddersfield Section, Royal Institute of Chemistry, 7 March 1950. 'The Science of Fibres', course for tutors, University of London, 25 April 1950. Lecture at jubilee meeting of the British Ceramic Society, 25 April 1950. 'X-ray and electron microscopestudies of the structure of biological tissues’, Fison Memorial Lecture, Guy's Hospital Medical School, 9 June 1950. 'The Muscle Machine, and from there down to bacterial flagella’, Association of Women Science Teachers, 25 Nov. TArA 17OU. misc. regrets. W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 D.20 D.21 D.22 "Adventures in Molecular Biology', The Harvey Lecture, New York, 28 Sept. 1950. Vol.46 (No.93 in R.S. Memoir). Published in Harvey Soc. Series, Correspondence re dinner before lecture, publication, illustrations, request for reprint. "Festival of Britain', correspondence re planning of Science Exhibition in South Kensington. 'Fibres and Chain Molecules, Old and New', the Plastics Institute, 1 Nov. 1951. Correspondence re scheduling of lecture, synopsis, publicity and news accounts, 2-page typescript summary of lecture. D.23 Correspondencere: 12 1950-53 1950-52 1951 1951-52 'Studies by X-ray analysis, electron microscopy and supporting techniques of the siruciure of biological macromolecules and the tissues formed from them', British Postgraduate Medical Federation, London, 23 Oct. 1951. . 'The Muscle Machine and Bacterial Flagella', Biological Society, University of Sheffield, 26 Nov. 1951. 'Some recent adventures in molecular biology’, Maxwell Society, King's College, London, 21 Jan. 1952. 'The Problem of the Structure of Collagen Fibres: How We Siand Now', Atkin Memorial Lecture, Leather Students’ Society, Leeds, 22 Febe 1952. 'Fibres and Fibre Molecules in industry, Biology and Medicine’, W.E.A., 21 April 1952. D.24 'The great adventure of fibre structure', The Mather Lecture, The Textile Institute, 1952. p.81 (No. 105 in R.S. Memoir). Published in J. Text. Inst., Vol.44, 1952-53 Correspondence re publication of lecture. D.25 Correspondencere: 1952 Prize-giving at County School for Boys, Bromley, Kent, 11 July 1952. 'Hairs, Muscles and Bacterial Flagella', Biochemical Society, University of Birmingham, i6 Oct. 1952. 'Hairs, Muscles and Bacterial Flagella', Chemical Society, St. Andrews University, 14 Nov. 1952. misc. invitations to speak. W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 D.26 Correspondencere: 13 1953 "Modes of Vision’, Derby Scientific Club, Derby, 16 Jan. 1953. Lecture to Cardiff Section of Textile Institute, 22 Jan. 1953. 'The Structure of the Wool Fibre’, Huddersfield Textile Society, 30 March 1953 (with typescript verbatim report of lecture). "Some recent ideas about the proteins and other biological macromolecules’, British Postgraduate Medical Federation, 17 Nov. 1953 (with schedule of lecturers for course). misc. invitations (declined). D.27 Correspondencere: 1954 Christmas lectures for children, sponsored by Bradford Civic Society, 8 and 9 Jan. 1954. "Recent ideas on the structure of the proteins and nucleic acids', Manchester University Chemical Society, 1] Feb. 1954. misc. invitations (declined). D.28 ‘Some observations and thoughts on the structure and motility of flagella’, Litchfield Lecture, Oxford University Medical School, 19 May 1954 (originally scheduled for 6 May 1953, but cancelled due to illness). Correspondence with A.H.T. Robb-Smith re arrangements for lecture and for dinner, and re details of electron microscopes. 1952-54 D.29 Correspondencere: 1955-57 Proposed visit to Russia for lectures in 1955 (cancelled due to illness). ‘Studies of the molecular basis of biological motility', Ramsey Memorial Lecture, 1 Dec. 1955 (lecture not given). Speech to Rotary Club of Bradford scheduled for 16 Dec. 1955 (not delivered). 'The Structure of Fibres', National Physical Laboratory, 19 Nov. 1956 (with synopsis of speech). "Protein structure’, Wolverhampton and Staffordshire Technical C1 7 lOET WOME GE, VU SG. 175/. AN I... "The present position in protein fibre studies’, University of Birmingham Biochemical Society, 7 Feb. 1957. "Fundamentals of Collagen’, British Society of Periodontology, 4 May 1957. W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 D.30-D.31 Textile Fibres under the X-ray, Imperial Chemical Industries, 1940: Invitation to write book, correspondencere points to be included, arrangements for visit to discuss the work in progress, queries of accuracy, difficulties in obtaining good reproductions of photo- graphs, foreign translations, distribution of presentation copies and the letters of thanks. re Endeavour and Items E.82-E.89, 1.C.1.) (See also Item D.46, correspondence D.32 D.34 .D.35 D.36 Correspondence with Oxford University Press re proposed 2nd edition of Fundamentals of Fibre Structure and re a monograph X-ray Studies of Protein Structure which Astbury was to write on for R.H. Fowler's International Series (with letter from N.F. Mott urging him to complete the work). published. entitled ‘Studies of Protein Structure’, is presumably Astbury's draft for this work. Item C.4, a 119-page Ms draft dated May 1947 and The monograph was never 'An attempt at an X-ray analysis of embryonic processes’ (with R.G. Harrison and K.M. Rudall), J. Exp. Zool. 85, 339 (No.45 in R.S. Memoir): correspondence with co-authors. 'Science in relation to the community', School Science Review, No.109, p.268 (No.78 in R.S. Memoir). Correspondence with Jerome Alexander re Astbury's article 'Proteins' for Vol. V of 'Colloid Chemistry, Theoretical and Applied’. bibliography. ) (This article is not given in the R.S. Memoir Correspondencere publication of 'X-rays and the stoichiometry of the proteins', Advances in Enzyinology, Vol.3, p.63 (No.57 in R.S. Memoir) and re royalties due to Astbury. Correspondencere 'Flagella', Scientific American, 184 No.1, p.21 (No.97 in R.S. Memoir). D.37-D.40 Correspondence re reviews and short contributions, distribution of offprints, setting up of illustrations, refereeing of papers (4 folders). D.41-D.43 Correspondence re requests to reprint illustrations, photographs, figures, etc. from Astbury's published work (3 folders). D.44-D.45 Correspondence with the editors of Nature re submission of articles and letters for publication, refereeing of pavers, reviews, permission to reproduce photographs and illustrations (2 folders). Although the texts of only three contributions were with the correspondence, many of Astbury's letters contain much scientific information. 14 1940-45 1940-50 1940 1941-42, 1944 1941-50 1949-51 1939-57 1939-56 1940-57 w.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 D.46 Astbury was requested to contribute an article on Correspondence with editors of Endeavour re coniributions by Astbury, translations, blocks for illustrations, proofs, and reviews. textile fibres under the X-ray for one of the first issues and much of the correspondenceis re this article. The file also contains the typescript of Astbury'sreview of 'The Nature and Structure of Collagen’ by J.T. Randall (1954). D.47 Correspondence with J.G. Crowther and F.D. Ommanney re articles for Monthly Science News. D.48-D.49 Correspondence re Journal of Polymer Science, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, Interscience Publishers Inc. (These correspondencefiles are so intermingled that the subjects cannot be segregated) (2 folders). Astbury was a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Polymer Science; the correspondence includes requests for Astbury to contribute articles, memos re editorial business and publication matters, Astoury's forwarding of papers to Journal, arrangements to visit the Biophysics Department at Leeds, copies of correspondence betweeneditors in N.Y. and authors in England. (See also Item E.48, correspondence with Paul Doty.) D.48 D.49 1943-54 1955-57 D.50 Correspondence re Journal of Colloid Science (Astbury was a member of the Consulting Committee of the Editorial Board): invitation to join Board, submission of papers, invitation to edit handbook on textile fibres. D.51-D.58 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 15 1941-55 1942-46 1943-57 1945-51 1946-57 Astbury was a memberof the Editorial Board from its inception. The correspondence deals with the composition of the Editorial and Advisory Boards, distribution scheme of manuscripts sub- mitted for publication, drafts of prospectus and of editorial policy, notifications of papers sent and received, monihly lists of papers submitted for publication, problems of long delays in publication and of poor reproduction of illustrations, subscription cosis, reviews and articles by Astbury, proposals for various books to be sponsored by BBA, translations. Much of the correspondence, especially thatwwith authors who submitted manuscripts to Astbury for forwarding to BBA, contains discussion of scientific subjects. (See also correspondence in Section E with G. Eaves, C. Weibull, L. Singleton, and especially with R. Myeneis another member of the Editoriai Board.) D.51 Honevib 1946 U " 0 o v y a R )a a S ( Dec.1947-Juiy 1948 Aug.-Dec.1948 3 Aug.1949-July 1950 Aug. 1950-Nov. 1952 Jan.1953-Dec.1953 Jan.1954-Dec.1955 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 16 D.56 D.a7 D.58 Jan.1956-Feb.1957 Monthly lists of Mss submitted for publication 1948-1957 One set of postcards (1948-54): notifications of receipt by BBA of Mss forwarded by Astbury. E. Professional correspondence E.1! - E.212 These files comprise Astbury's correspondence with scientific colleagues in universities, research laboratories, industrial or manufacturing firms, and also with Trusts and Foundations giving financial support to his work. Private individuals are listed by name; scientists working for firms such as 1.C.1., British Celanese, etc. do not appear by namein the list below, but can be found in the General Index on pp.35-53. An indication is given below of the period covered by the correspondence. EZ E.3 E.4 E.o Patrick Adiam, J. Allsopp, C. B. Astbury, Norman Atkins, W. Re G&G, Alexander, Peter Andrade, Edward Neville da Costa Bacon, G. H. Baker, Richard F. Barclay, A. E. Barker, Aldred F. Barrer, R. M. Bates, Leslie Fleetwood Beadle, L. Bennett-Clark, Thomas Archibald Cc. Js H. E. Berridge, N. de Boer, J. F. Bonhoeffer, K. Bourne, Geoffrey H. Bowes, M. Brasseur, H. Brewer, Douglas B. Buck, John B. Burr, H. K. Burton, E. Buxton, P. F. A. B.O-C.7 Bailey, Kenneth 4 folders: E.6 E.7 E.8 Es? 1939-41 1942-43 1944-46 1948-56 Bairati, Angelo 1955 1952 1944-48 1942 1951-56 1946-52 1952 1951 1948 1955 1943 1946-48 1941] 1950 1944-45 1951 1950 1946-55 1955-56 1940 1955 1940-43 1943 1944-45 1946 1939-56 1951-52 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 E.11 E.12 E.13 E.14 E.15 E.16 E.Ag Bate-Smith, E. an Bear, Richard S. Bernal, John Desmond Bisset, Kenneth A. Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart (Baron Blackett of Chelsea) Block, Richard J. Bragg, Sir William & Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence E.18-E.20 British Celanese (Astbury was a consultant 1942-56) 3 folders: E.18 EnI7 E.20 1941-42 1943-45 1946-56 British Cotton Industry Research Association British Leather Manufacturers" Research Association British Pottery Research Association Brother, George H. Burgers, W. G. Carter, D. Cary-Gilson, F. Cornu, Ch. Corran, J. Cragg, J. Crook, E. Ww. B. M. Caspersson, T. Chargaff, Erwin Chibnall, Albert Charles Clark, George L. Clark, Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Corey, Robert B. E.21 E22 E.23 E.24 E.25 E.26 -E.27 E.28 E.2? E.30 E.31 E.32 E.33-E.35 Courtaulds Ltd. E.36 3 folders: E.33 E.34 E.35 1941-46 1948-52 1953-55 Cox, Sir (Ernest) Gordon (George) Gricludes W.T.A.'s correspondence with Royal Society re assessment of Cox's work using Paul Instrument Fund grant (1955-56)) ~ t , ae E.37 Cox, H. L. 17 1940 1951-56 1941-54 1950-53 1946 1941-46 1940-54 1941-56 1943-46 1940-48 1940-46 1940-51 1945-51 1950-54 1953 1944 1940 1948 1948 1942-52 1951- BE vinNve 1940-51 1939-52 1948 1946-55 1941-55 1941-56 1940-41 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 E.38 E.39 E.40 E.41 E.42 E.45 E.46 E.47 E.48 E.49 E.50 E.5] E.52 E.53 E.54 E09 E.56 Ead/ E.58 Czekalowski, Jaroslaw Wiktor M. Dale, W. Davenport, Charies B. Day, T. Dickinson, Sylvia Dmochowski, Leontyn Ludomir D. de Navarre, M. G. Dougherty, Ellsworth C. Durrans, Thomas H. Dainton, Sir Frederick Sydney Dalgleish, Charles E. Darlington, Cyril Dean (includes correspondence and photographs in Dec. 1939 on nucleic acids quoted only in part in R. Olby, The path to the double helix, 1974, p.111) ‘ Darmon, S. cs Davies, Mansell M. Dillon, J. H. Dingle, Herbert Dohrn, Peter & Dohrn, R. (see also F.4) Doty, Paul M. Dowson, W. ds Dunlop Rubber Co. Ltd. Ellis, Frank Engsirém, Arne 'Espinasse, Paul G. Evans, G. Evans, R. Cc. Eaves, George Edsall, John T. 18 1951-56 1946 1941-42 1948 1948 1946, 1954, 1958 1944-45 1956 1941] 1941-55 1948 1939-44 1948 1945-55 1952-55 1940 1953-56 1948-55 1950 1942, 1950 1950, 1955 1946 1948 1942 1940, 1946 1949-54 1951-53 Elton, Sir Arthur Hallam Rice (see also Imperial Chemical 1945 Industries ) Ewald, Paul P. C. Fearon, William Fenton, W. Fonbrune, P. de Forman, Jon Foster, John Frazer, Alastair Campbell Fankuchen, Isidor Fish, Sir (Eric) Wilfred (also includes W.T.A.'s correspondence with Martin A. Rushton) 1943-45 1948 1940 1950 1945 1952 1950 1941, 1946, 1956 1945-56 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Ea? E.60 E.61 Fowler, R. Pls Franklin, Rosalind Gard, Sven George, William H. Geren, Betty Ben N. Ghosh, B. Giles, C. H. Goldie, A. Gotte, Lorenzo Graham, M. Green, H. Gross, Jerome Gullard, J. Gutfreund, Herbert N. bs Masson A. E.62 E.63 n r :g Gorter, Evert Gray, J. Gustavson K ww IUVowity Ine Helmer Hallsworth, E. $. Hamacher, Howard F. Harvey, P. Hellier, F. Pa Helveg-Larsen, H. Heppleston, A. Hermans, J. Hermans, P. Hetherington, A. Hinshelwood, Cyril Norman Holness, Re Hopwood, F. Horton, W. L. G. da H. G. Les F, G. Ps m M -67 m M 68 m M 69 .70 Z| we 73 74 od -76 m m m m m m m m m Fo m Haddow, Sir Alexander Halle, Friedrich Hanes, Charles Samuel Happey, Frank Harington, Sir Charles (Robert) Harrison, W. Harry, Ralph G. Harvey, A. Haworth, W. N. Heidelberger, Michael Heringa, G. fas Hill, Archibald Vivian Hirst, Sir Ecirnund (Langley) 19 1940-43 1953 1948 1957 1954 1949 1953-54 1945 1953 1953 1948 1952-53 1946 1943-44 1948-54 1951 1946-51 1940-50 1940-57 1941-45 1934-41 1942-55 1941-51 1944-45 1950-53 1946-54 1940-45 1941-52 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 E.7? E.80 E.81 Hodge, Alan J. Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot (includes one letter from Thomas Hodgkin 1944) Hoyle, Lester E.82-E.91 Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. 20 1953-54 1942-52 1950-52 1940-56 Astbury undertook research work for 1.C.1. (Research Project 491 on Synthetic Resins) in 1940 and was made a consultant to the Dyestuffs Group in 1943, the consultancy being terminated in 1956. His book ‘Textile fibres under the X-rays' (1940) was prepared for and published by |.C.1. The Company made financial contributions to the work of Astbury's Department of Biomolecular Siructure, 1946-56. The I.C.1. subsidiaries, divisions or offices involved are: Explosives Group (Nobel House, Stevenston, Ayrshire), 1.C.1. (Alkali) Ltd. (Northwich, Cheshire) Imperial Chemical House, Millbank, London I1.C.1. (Dyestuffs Division) (Hexagon House, Blackley, Manchester) Plastics Division (Black Fan Road, Welwyn Garden City) Nobel House, Buckingham Gate, London Billingham Division (Billingham, Co. Durham) Paints Division, Slough Dumfries Factory, Drungans, Dumfries 'Terylene' Council, Welwyn The correspondence deals with: arrangements for meetings and discussions, with memos. and Minutes thereof; analyses and discussions of research in progress; purchase, installation and functioning of equipment; applications for research grants, fees for work undertaken, etc.; lectures demonstrations, film shows, conferences; publication and distribution of 'Textile Fibres under The X-rays', and misc. articles on research by Astbury and colleagues. (See also D.30-D.31.) reports, 10 folders: E.82 E.83 E.84 E.85 E.86 E.87 E.88 E.89 E.90 E s7t 1940-42 1943 1944 1945 1946 1948 (one letter 1947) (Aug. ) 1949-50 1951-52 1953 1954-56 E.92 E.93 E.94 Es9S Ingram, John Thornton Iterson, G. van Janssen, L. Ww. Johnson, Paley 1944, 1953- 1956 1945-49 1940 1949-56 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 E.96 Es 97 E.98 E.9? F.100 E.101 Ew 102 E.103 E.104 E.105 E.106 E.107 E.108 E.111 G. A. Sy Kalmus, Hans Kaye, Maurice A. Keilin, David Kenner, James Ketelaar, J. Kirkwood, S. Knibbs, N. Koch, William J. Koffler, Henry Kolkmeyer, N. Koller, P. Koprowski, Hilary Kornreich, E. Kratky, O. Cs V. A. H. Kellgren, Jonas Henrik Kellner, Lotte (see also Dingle, H.) Kendrew, John Cowdery Kodak Ltd. Lachman, F. Laki, Koloman Lane, E. Ss Lave, Max von Laves, Wolfgang Lee, Sir Kenneth Lendrum, F. Lessing, R. Life Wave Comb Co. Little, Kitty Loofbourow, John R. Lovecy, A. on de Lange, J. Ji Lennard-Jones, Sir John Lewin, Ralph A. Li, Chao Hao (see also Nuffield Foundation, University of Leeds) Lipson, Henry Solomon (see also Institute of Physics) Lonsdale, Dame Kathleen Lorand, Laszlo (includes correspondence re Lorand's early career (with R.G. McFarlane, R.A. Kekwick)) Paw Rarbera eV GT WM Wt wt McLaughlin, George D. MacLennan, John D. D. MacLeod, J. Manley, E. Marriott, Robert H. Marsh, J. Ba Te 21 1941-42 1950-51 1942 1941-42 1945-46 1956 1945-46 1954 1956 1945 1944 1950 1944 1948-55 1949-54 1940 1953-55 1940-1954 1953 1953 1945 1950 1948 1944 1953 1945 1946 1950 1940 1945 1940-56 1942 1950-56 1949-53 1955-56 1942-53 1948-57 1950-52 194] 1951 1942 1951 1946 1956 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Marshak, Alfred Maslem, E. Martin, A. Mercer, E. Meyer, Karl N. J. H. P, R. He MM. E.112 E. 113 Ea 114 EF. 115 Es 116 Es 117 E. 118 Es 119 Es 120 E. 121 E. 122 Es 123 E. 124 Es 125 Es 126 E. 127 cE. 128 F Middlebrook, W. Miller, Michael D. Mitchell, Robert L. enreaeenss, —E Monaghan, Edward J. Mongar, J. Moore, Dan H. Moore, Harry Morales, Manuel Murphy, Frank L. Manton, Irene Marsden, Sir Ernest Martin, Sir Charles Marwick, Thora Cuthbert (Mrs. K.C. Roberts) Mathieu, M Medawar, Sir Peter Melland, Amicia M. Melnick, Joseph L. Miles, F. cy, Morgan, Walter J. Mott, Sir Nevill Francis Nier, H. L. . Nowacki, W. Needham, Joseph & Needham, Dorothy Neurath, Hans North British Rayon Ltd. Oldershaw, A. Onions, W. Ormondts, Van Orowan, E. WwW. dis Oliver, Donald A. Parkin, — Parry, Gwen I. Paterson, Edith Patterson, A. Lindo Pautard, Frederick G. Peirce, F. T. E. 22 1955 1955 1943 1956 1940 1954 1955 1952 1945 1953 1954 1953 1942 1951-52 1943-45 1941-50 1944-46 1940-47 1941-51 1948-55 1943-45 1940-50 195] 1944-49 1941-52 1951-52 1952 1945-48 1941-49 1939-45 1945-46 1944 1952 1940-41 1942 1950-52 1941 1952 1952 1946 1949 1943 1952 1943 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 E.131 E.132 E.133 E.134 E.135 136 m 137 m 138 m m 139 m .140 141 142 143 144 145 m M m M m m m m m m E.146 E.147 E.148 Js G. A. V. Grant Pennycuick, C. Percival, E. Peterkin, G. Philpot, D. Philpot, J. Pijper, Adrianus St.L. Pirie, Norman Wingate Pitelka, Dorothy R. Palmer, Kenneth J. Passey, R. D. (includes committee papers of the Yorkshire Council of the British Empire Cancer Campaign of which Astbury was Acting Chairman and Passey Hon. Secretary) Patnaik, Brajabihari Pauling, Linus (includes corréspondence re US State Department's refusal to grant passport to Pauling in 1952: copy of Pauling's letter to President Truman, copy of statements by Pauling dated 14 Nov. 1950 and 29 April 1952) Pepper, K. W. Perry, S. Vi Perutz, Max Ferdinand Petitpas, Th. Picken, L. Cs R. Polanyi, Michael —D. Pratt, D. Preston, G. Dy Pringsheim, E. G. Ramachandran, G. Ramsey, Robert W. Reed, R. Ritchie, P. Roberts, N. Robinow, C. Roe, Edna M. Rogers, G. D. F. L. N. Fs Ranare H IYI o7 tte | we Je Rook, A. Rowlands, Stanley Russell, Frederick Stratten Radley, J. A. Randall, Sir John (Turton) Rawlins, F. Ls G. 23 1954 1943, 1948 1956 1954 1941 1943, 1949, 1953 1945 1956 1944-45 1945-55 1945-55 1943-54 1940-43 1948-51 1942-51 1946, 1953, 1956 1944-56 1943 1944 1941-53 1949 1956 1944-45 1956 1949 1953 1945 1946 1944 1945 1950 1950 1954 194] 1944-53 1941-53 W.T. Astbury spac aAYTE E.149 E. 150 E.151 E.152-E.154 E.155 E.156 -E.157 E.158 Rideal, Sir Eric Riley, Dennis Robertson, J. Monteath The Rockefeller Foundation The Foundation was the chief single source of financial support for Astbury's work, its first grant being made in 1934, Reports and discussions of research in progress and programmes for future work, especially on protein structure, collagen, nucleic acids. Research grants for Astbury and colleagues. Installation of first electron microscope at Leeds University (1943). Establishment of Department of Biomolecular Structure at Leeds University. Conferences and meetings, travel arrangements, etc. Many letters give an attractive insight into Astbury's personality, in addition to ihe scientific information they contain. 3 folders: E.152 E.153 1939-45 1946-50 (1 letter only Dec. 1947) (I letier only March 1949) E.154 1951-56 Rothschild, Lord Victor Ruskin, Simon Sanger, F. Saville, W. Saxl, Erwin J. B. _ Schmidt, Gerhard (to Rudall) Schwarz, Peter Sen, J. Sen, M. Senti, F. Seville, R. R. K. R. H. M. L. B. Sheffield, F. Simons, Lewis Smith, James H. L. Smith, J. Spearman, Richard Spence, David TI. Steer, A. Sternberg, J. Stevenson, Margaret F. Stora, C. Straub, F. Straub, Ir. B. J. E.159 Sadron, Charles oA 1944-51 1941-53 1941-56 1939-56 1953 1951-54 1948 1941, 1943 1940-41 1944 1953 1951 1955 1945 1952 1945 195] 1941 1953 1955 1943-49 194i 1950 1946 1946 1949 1945 1947-52 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 E.160 E.161 E.162 E.163 E.164 Saha, Narendra Nath Savill, Agnes Schmidt, W. J. Schmitt, Francis O. Seifriz, William E.165, E.166 Shell Refining and Marketing Co. Ltd. (especially Lubricating Oil Laboratory, Thornton-le- Moors, Chester, later Thornton Research Centre) E.167 E.168 E.169 F.170 E.17] E.172 E.173 E.174 E72 E176 E.177 E.178 2 folders: E.165 E.166 1945-55 Reports Singleton, Leslie Sisson, Wayne A. Slater, Sir William (re W.T.A.'s unsuccessful application to Agricultural Research Council fer grant) Speakman, J. Springall, H. Stacey, M. B. D. Stanley, W. M. of 13 Oct. 1939) (photocopy of Astbury's letter Sutherland, Gordon (Brims Black Mclvor) Szent-Gy&rgyi, Albert (includes correspondence with George Rozsa, Clara W. Mayer, Andrew Szent- Gyérgyi) Taylor, C. Taylor, F. Taylor, Hugh S. V. Sherwood ~ Thompson, Sir Harold Warris Trepka, E. Tristram, G. Trueman, E. Turner, A. R. R. J. Taylor, Charles A. Taylor, W. H. (much of the file consists of corres- pondence and committee papers of the Manchester Branch ofthe Institute of Physics of which W.H. Taylor was Hon. Sec. and W.T.A. a member) Thompson1, Sir D'Arcy Wentworth Tiselius, Arne Todd, Alexander Robertus (Baron Todd of Trumpington) 20 1945-57 1941-56 1946-57 1945-56 1941-53 1945-55 1950-57 1940-56 1953 1940-56 1943-44 1945-54 1945-53 1941-56 1946-54 1940 1943 1949 1949 1948 1954-55 1948 1943-44 1935 1940-48 1945 1948-52 1945-51 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 E.182-E.185 Tootal Broadhurst Lee Co. Lid. 26 1940-52 Astbury undertook (Research Dept. , Manchester). investigations and experimental work for this firm from 1940. Correspondence on analyses of natural and synthetic fibres. Equipment (including electron microscope), visits and meetings, publications, lectures and demonstrations. A folders: E.182 E.183 E.184 E.185 1940-42 1943-44 1945-46 (1947 missing) 1948-52 Troensegaard, N. Truter, M. R, Tsdo, T. ns Tyndall, Arthur Mannering Vickery, H. Virtanen, Artturi |. 6B. Vickers, A. Eric J. H. Waddington, C. Werburg, Otto Wassermann, Albert Watkins, Kathleen E. WatsonJones, K. Weber, Hans H. Weidinger, A. Weiler, G. Whinfield, J. R. i. H. F. P, D. (from Astbury) White, Michael J. Wildschut, A. Wilkins, M. Williams, E. Ps Williams, Robley C. Wilson, D. Wolf, ing. Kurt Wolken, Jerome J. Woodger, J. H. Woodward, F. Worden, Alastair N. Wrinch, Dorothy Wynne-Jones, William Francis Kenrick N. Weibull, Claes Weiss, Henri Weissenberg, Karl Williams, J. Ww. Wool Textile Research Council 1950-54 1955-56 1949-51 1944-45 1943 1950 1940-48 1941 1939 1945 1943 195] 1946-54 1939-40 1942 1943 194] 1946 1953 1942 1954 1945 1939 1953 1946, 1948 1945 1952 1950 194] 1948-56 1946 1939 1940-41 1954-56 . 186 . 187 m m . 188 m m .189 m m «190 m 191 m «192 .193 .194 m »195 m M «196 M m «197 m m 198 m W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 E.199 E.200,E.201 Wormall, A. Wyckoff, Ralph Walter Greystone (includes much editorial correspondence for BBA: letters from contributors (not indexed), forwarding of Mss for publication, etc.) 2 folders: E.200 E.201 1945-52 1953-55 E.202 E.203-E.206 Yorke, Allan Young, John Zwick, Karl G. Requests for information, references fo published work, etc. (not indexed) 4 folders: E.203 E.204 E.205 E.206. 1939-43 1944-48 1949-51 1952-56 27 1939-56 1945-55 1952 1944, 1945 1940 1939-56 E.207-E.209 Requests for reprints, copies of published articles, exchange of reprints, acknowledgements (not indexed) 1939-56 3 folders: E.207 E.208 E.209 1939-43 -1944-48 1949-56 Misc. references (not indexed) 2 folders - Examinations and Theses (not indexed) ‘ E.210,E.211 E.212 F. F.1 Conferences F.1 - F.15 Correspondencere: 1940-54 1945-48 'The structural proteins of the cell’, Biochemical Society discussion, London, 10 Nov. 1945 Conference on 'Science and Education’ Association of Scientific Workers, June 1945 Symposium on Shrinkage and Cracking of Cementive Material, London 1946 (invitation declined) British Institute of Radiology Conference, 1946 Vile Congrés de Chimie Biologique, 1946 (invitation declined) High Polymer Forum, 1948 (invitation declined) lL DAI. mare Canferanc onrerence, 1948 (invitation declined) 1 yu Ne 7 iS & International Rheological Congress, 1948 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Fiz Correspondence re conferences and symposia: Colloquium on 'Nature et Réle des Virus dans le Cancer’, during 5th International Cancer Congress, 1950 Electron Microscopy Congress, 1950 Congrés des Sciences Appligquées 4 I'Industrie Textile, 1951 (invitation declined) Division 15, Plant Cell-Wall Constituents, XI!Ith International Congress of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1951 (invitation declined) Discussion on the comparative biology of natural fibres, Royal Society of Medicine, 1950 F.3 F.4 Fed See also Item D.20 re Astbury corresponded with the Rockefeller Foundation, Visit to USA to attend American Crystallographic Association meeting (21-25 Aug.), Gordon Research Conference (28 Aug. - 1 Sept.), International Congress for Cell Biology (4-8 Sept.), Connective Tissue Conference (6-7 Oct.) 1950. The correspondence includes arrangements for travel to US, discussion of Astbury's contribution to The Gordon Conference 'X-ray Diffraction Studies on Proteins and Nucleic Acids', programme of Crystallographic meeting, plans to visit various individuals and laboratories (RCA, A.L. Patterson, Ray Pepinsky, Maurice Huggins, Milton Harris). the Harvey Lecture which Astbury delivered in New Yorkon 29 Sept. F.O. Schmitt, A. Szent-Gy&drgyi, R. Wyckoff, W. Sisson, and M. Heidelbergerre his visit; see the appropriate files in Section E. Conference on 'Submicroscopic structure of protoplasm’, Naples Zoological Station, 22-25 May 1951. Correspondence with A. Monroy re conference arrangements, with P. and R. Dohrn re publication of conference proceedings, with Silvio Ranzi re Astbury's lecture in Milan, with H.G. Callan re paymentof travelling expenses. Typescript of Astbury's reconstruction of his remarks during discussion of papers by Wilkins, Chantrenne, and Buchthal with note 'I (Astbury) think these remarks correspond at least to the sense of what | said at the actual symposium, but with probably a little additional matters’ (See also correspondence with A. Bairati.) (See also R. Olby, The path to the double helix, Maemillan 1974, pp.338-340. ) Invitations and related correspondence re Astbury's proposed trip to the USA to attend the XIIth International Conference of Pure and Applied Chemistry (visit was cancelled). Detroit Institute of Cancer Research, American CyanamidCo., Chemisiry Dept. McGill University, National Dairy Research Laboratory, Division of Cellulose Chemistry, American Chemical Society. Invitations from 28 1949-51 1950-51 1951-52 1951] 29 1951-52 1952 1951-52 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 F.6 Invitations to: F.7 F.8 (invitation declined) British Plastics Convention, 1951 Jubilee Meeting of the Bunsengesselschaft from K. Bonhoeffer, 1951 (invitation declined) International Congress of Clinical Pathology, 1951 (Astbury did not attend, but R. Reed presented a joint paper on ‘Studies of the Collagen Diseases by Electron Microscopy and X-ray Analysis’, abstract included) Northern Cancer Group Meeting, 1951 (declined) Anglo-German summer school, Berlin, 17-26 July 1952 (invitation declined) Lecture in the Istituto Chimico della Universita di Torino, 21 March 1952 'Recent Progress in the Structure of the Fibrous Proteins' Correspondence with A. Nasini re programmeforvisit, list of lantern slides, summary of lecture (sent ahead for translation), notes on ‘use of reflecting microscope with an infra-red spectrometer’. Royal Society Discussion on the Structure of Protein, 1 May The correspondence includes 1952 (organised by Astbury). a copy of Sir Edward Salisbury's letter to A.C. Chibnall suggesting that such a discussion should be held in early 1952, Astbury's reply to the proposal, arrangements for a grant for travelling expenses for a visiting speaker, Astbury's corres- pondence with Sir David Martin re the programme and the printing of the Mss of the Discussions, invitations to partici- pants. and institutions re the Protein Discussion will be found in the appropriate file in Sections Eand G: A. Haddow, L. Pauling, A.C. Chibnall, J. Edsall, R. Corey, D. Hodgkin, E.N. Andrade, R. Bailey, L. Bragg, J.D. Bernal, J.T. Randall, D.P. Riley, Royal Institution, Courtaulds, Society for Visiting Scientists. Astbury's correspondence with the following individuals F.9 Invitations to: 1953-54 'Radiations et Macromolecules', International Union of Chemistry Colloquim, Strasbourg, 9-11 June 1953 Conference of British Gelatine and Glue Research Association, 1953 International Biochemical Congress, 1953 (with programme) (invitation declined) Northern Cancer Research Workers Groun, 1953 Indian Science Congress, 1954 (invitation declined) Industrial Welfare Society Conference, 1954 (invitation declined) Council for British Archaeology Conference, 1954 (invitation declined) International Conference on Electron Microscopy, 1954 pee nee meee (corresponaence wiin Ver. Cossicit, programme tal Us COC On eeb att ‘ . Po en W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 30 F.10 Visit to USA to attend: 14 Aug.-14 Oct. 1953 Gordon Conference on Proteins and Nucleic Acids (24-27 Aug.) Pasadena Conference on the Structure of Proteins (21-22 Sept.), Correspondence with organisers of Gordon Conference (Kurt Stern, M. Anson) Lb. Programme of Pasadena Conference, list of participants. Correspondencere: obtaining visas travel arrangements finances scheduling visits to various universities, labs. and meetings: Symposium on 'BiochemicalResearch in Europe’, sponsored by American Society of European Chemists and Pharmacists, Study Group on Rheumatic Diseases See also correspondence in Section E with: R. Wyckoff, W. Sisson, D. Wrinch, A. Szent-Gyérgyi, W.M. Stanley, Linus Pauling, E. Chargoff, Simon Ruskin, J. Edsall, M. Heidelburger, Chao Hao Li, Rockefeller Foundation. International Congress on Scientific Research Applied to the Textile Industry, 27-29 June 1955, Brussels. Correspondence re conference arrangements and re publication of Astbury's lectuze ‘Textile, Fibres and Molecular Biology’. Conference programme. The file is composed of corres- Astbury also corresponded with B.B.M. Conference on ‘Macromolecules of the Organism', sponsored by the Istituto Lombardo di Scienza e Lettere, Pallanza, Italy, 28-30 July 1955. Astbury, a Corresponding Member of the Institute, was responsible for organising the programme. pondence with H. Ephrussi-Taylor and G. Weberre their participation in the conference and with S. Ranzi re publication of proceedings. Sutherland, L. Pauling, F.O. Schmitt, R. Corey, W.L. Bragg, J.D. Bernal, J. Kendrew, H.H. Weber and M. Stacey re the conference; see the appropriate files in Section E. - International Wool Textile Research Conference, sponsored by Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation, Astbury delivered the Inaugural Australia, August 1955. Lecture 'In Praise of Wool', and a paper entitled 'X-rays and the Stoichiometry of Keratin: a Renewed Enquiry’. typescript outline of the Inaugural Lecture, a summary of the paper and a Mss and typescript of Astbury's amended contributions to discussions are included in the file.) deals with the content and scheduling of Asitbury's contributions, intricate travel arrangements (handled by ine Australian Scientific Liaison Office in London), the publication of the Conference proceedings, visits to other parts of Australia to see labs. and university departments. (summary of subjects, programme) have been kept with the file. Printed matter re the Conference (A 1-page The correspondence 1954-55 1954-56 1954-56 F.11 Fsl2 F.13 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 F.14 Visit to Rubber Research Institute of Malaya on return from Australian conference: invitation from Director (C.E.T. Mann), flight schedules, letters of thanks after visit, personal corres- pondence. F.15 Invitations to: 31 1955 1955-56 Gordon Research Conference, 1955, with programme attached (invitation declined). 3rd International Congress of Biochemistry, Brussels, 1955 (invitation to chair a meeting on ‘Structure of Polypeptides and Proteins’ declined). Symposium on Visible Structures of the Bacterial Cell, sponsored by Society of General Microbiology, 1956 (invitation to contribute a paper on 'Flagella' originally accepted, then declined due to pressure of other commit- ments); list of contributors attached. arcane of Symposium on ‘Physics of Solid State' during Session of Nistane National Acadeiiy of Science, ine, 1955 (declined). Meeting of the Verein der Textilchemiker und Coloristen, Baden-Baden, 1956 (invitation to deliver opening lecture declined due to poor health). i Satancn Indi Symposium on X-ray Microscopy and Microradiology, Cambridge, 1956 (not attended). GS. Societies and Committees G.1 - G.27 G.1 Association of Scientific Workers (Astbury was President, Leeds and District Branch). Misc. correspondence on committee meetings, conferences, be given or chaired by Astbury at branchesof the lectures Association. British Association for the Advancement of Science. Correspondence re conferences, paper by Astbury ‘What Industry owes to Science! to be read at B.A. conference; invitation to serve on Organizing Committee for B.A. meeting at Dundee in 1947. The British Council. Misc. correspondence re: exchanges of publications, visits and research facilities with scientific colleagues, holders of British Council Scholarships, etc.; Astbury to British Science News; arrangements and schedules for lecfure tours. Astbury undertook a lecture tour of the Netherlands, sponsored by the British Council, in March 1951; 1952 on a tourjointly sponsored by the Council and the Italian Chemica! Society. articles contributed by he visited Italy in March 1943-46 1944-46, F932 1944-56 Wit. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 G.4 G.5-G.7 The Chemical Society. Misc. correspondence with officers re publications by Astbury in J. Chem. Soc., contribution by Astbury to proposed symposium 'The Chemistry of Cell Division’, scheduled but not held on 15 March 1951, visits of foreign scientists K.U. Linderstrém-Lang, and Arne Tiselius. Department of Scientific and industrial Research. Scientific and administrative correspondence, arranged chrono- logically. The correspondence deals with: natural and synthetic fibre flagella; equipment; visits and analysis; adhesion; reticulin; inspections; committee meetings and arrangements; conferences and papers. Laboratories involved are: Forest Products Research Laboratory, Princes Risborough Chemical Research Laboratory, Teddington Low Temperature Research Station, Cambridge Torry Research Station, Aberdeen Astbury served on the Forest Products Research Board 1946-50, 1951-55 the Food Investigation Board 1946-52, 1953-56, 1956-57 the Joint Committee (D.S.1.R./Ministry of Food) on Physics and Engineering in Food Research and Development 3 folders: G.5 G.6 G.7 1940-49 1950-51 1952-57 Electron Microscopy Group (see also Institute of Physics). Astbury was a founder memberof the Electron Microscopy Group within the Institute of Physics, and Chairman 1950-52, The correspondence deals with negotiations for the constitution of the Group, and with conferences, meetings, lectures, papers, etc. in the group is also included. Somescientific correspondence with colleagues - G.9 The Faraday Society. Astbury served on the Publications Committee 1945-50. Correspondence on papers, contributions to discussions, etc. written by Astbury, submitted to him as referee, or for review; meetings of Publications Committee; attendance at Society's Discussion including The Hydrogen Bond, May 1940 and correspondence arising; The Physical Chemistry of Proteins, Aug. 1952 and discussion. The Institute of Physics. (see also Electron Microscopy Group, X-ray Analysis Group, W.H. Taylor). References for members and fellows, misc. articles and papers, invitations to lecture at the Society's branches and Groups, reviews, meetings and conferences. 32 1941-52 1940-57 1946-54 1940-55 1941-56 33 1948-56 1954-57 1945-54 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 GN International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Commission on Macromolecules. Lists of members, schedule of meetings, programmes, corres- pondenceand papers re Symposium on Macromolecules, Liége, 5-8 April 1948 (Astbury was unable to attend), list of laboratories. Joint Services Materials (Non-Metallic) Advisory Board, Ministry of Supply. Astbury served as Vice-Chairman. Committee papers, correspondence. Medical Research Council. Includes correspondence (Nov. 1945-March 1946) with Sir Edward Me!lanby (Sec. to the Council) on Astbury's plans for biomolecular research and hope for support from M.R.C. The Council did not make him a grant, as his research was not exclusively biological, and Astbury wrote (22 March 1946) of his disappointment that neither the textile industry nor medical science gave him financial help despite his services fo both. See also R. Olby The pain io ine double helix, Macmittan, p.327, who quotes a letter from Sir Harold Himsworth, 1968, giving a summary of this episode. Astbury served on the Biophysics Committee of the Council (Sec. J.W. Boag) 1948-54, when the Committee was discharged. Correspondence on research in progress, Committee meetings and visits, including programme of visits to M.R.C. Unit for Research on the Molecular Structure of Biological Systems, Cambridge, May 1951, and Research Unit (Director J.T. Randall) King's College, London, Dec. 1952. The Nuffield Foundation. (see also C.H. Li, J.H. Kellgren, Medical Research Council) Astbury served on the Oliver Bird Fund committee on chemical and physical research in rheumatism (later Rheumatism Committee ) set up in 1949 and on the Selection Committee for the Foundation's Biological Scholarships and Bursaries (from 1951). Scientific and administrative correspondence on research programmes and requirements (including scheme for research on rheumatism to be carried out by Astbury's Dept. in Leeds in collaboration with J.H. Kellgren in Manchester), grants from the Foundation and reports by Astbury on research in progress, applications and references for research grants, etc. The Royal Institution. (see also E.N.daC. Andrade) Misc. correspondence on scientific equipment, and on Friday Evening Discourses given by Astbury, andsubsequent publication. 1949-57 1943-52 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 G.16,G.17 G.19, G.20 <2] G.22 G23 G.24 G.25 G.26 The Royal Society. Misc. correspondence on papers written by Astbury and colleagues, or submitted to him for comment; elections, travel and research grants, reports on work sponsored by Society, etc.; (July 1945) and ensuing arrangements. invitation to deliver the Croonian Leciure 2 folders: G.16 G.17 1940-49 1950-56 The Society of Dyers and Colourists. Mainly correspondence on lectures to be given by Astbury to various Sections of the Society, and reviews by him for the Journal. Society for Experimental Biology. Correspondence on research, conterences, meetings, lectures and publications. Astbury served on the Biophysics Sub-Committee of the Society and on the Organising Committees of several of its Symposia. 2 folders: G.19 G.20 1940-52 1953-56 Society for, Visiting Scientists, and a few earlier items The Textile Institute. Wool Industries Research Association. Wool Publicity and Research Secretariat. (later International Woo! Secretariat) The secretariat provided help for Astbury and his team by Research Fellowships and grants 1938-52). Applications for research grants, progress reports on research in progress, arrangements for meetings, lectures and talks. Some autobiographical information appears in the correspondence. Wool Working Party. Astbury was invited (6 March 1946) by Sir Stafford Cripps (then President of the Board of Trade) to act as an independent member on the Working Party for the Wool industry. (See A.2 for letters of appointment and of thanks from Sir Stafford Cripps. ) X-Ray Analysis Group. (see also Electron Microscopy Group, Institute of Physics) Scientific and administrative correspondence on research in progress, lectures and papers, conferences and committees. (Includes note of informal meeting held 1 April 1944 at house of Dorothy Hodgkin io discuss posi-war plans and requirements for X-ray crystallography’. ) 34 1940-56 1941-48 1940-56 1952 1940-56 1939-50 1939-52 1946-48 1943-56 Gi2i Misc. Committees and Associations. 1940-54 British Refractories Research Association, 1940 Anglo-Soviet Public Relations Association, 1942 Anglo-French Society of Science, 1945 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 , 35 Propellants Sub-Committee, Armament Research Dept., 1945 Meteorological Research Committee, Air Ministry, 1945 Scientific Computing Service Ltd., demonstration of X-ray Fourier Synthesis, 1945 Natural Resources (Technical) Committee, 1954 H. Index to the Correspondence Adam, N. Adams, D. K. H. Adlam, J. Patrick Adrian, Edgar Douglas (Baron Adrian of Cambridge) Ahmed, Nazir Alexander, Jerome S. Alexander, Peter Allen, Sir Peter (Christopher) Allsopp, C. B. Andrade, Edward Neville da Costa Anson, M. L. Appleby, M. Ps Ashby, Eric (Baron Ashby of Brandon, Suffolk) G. Astbury, Norman Atkins, W. Awbery, J. Bacon, G. R. Pla H. Baddiley, James Bailey, Kenneth Bairati, Angelo Baker, Richard F. Baldwin, Ernest H. F, Bamford, Clement Henry Bannister, Frederick Aiian Barclay, A. E, Barer, R. Barigozzi, C. Barkas, Wilfred W. Barker, Aldred F. D.43 D.52 E.1 A.17 Bee A.6, D.34 Eat E.82-E.9] E.1 Eww F.10 E.82-E.91 A.11 E.1 E.1 D.37 E.4 E.82-E.91 E.6-E.9 E.10 E.4 A.15 E.33-E.35 G.26 E.4 D.52 D.53 G.5-G.7 E.4 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Barrer, Richard Maling Barrett, F.C. Bate-Smith, Edgar Charles Bates, Leslie Fleetwood Beadle, L. oa Beale, Helen Purdy Bear, Richard S. Beard, Joseph W. Bennet-Clark, Thomas Archibald Bernal, John Desmond Berridge, N. Js Bhatnagar, Sir Shanti S. Bisset, Kenneth A. Birkett Clews, C. ds Blackburn, John |. Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart (Baron Blackett of Chelsea) Block, Richard J. de Boer, J. A. Bonhoeffer, K. Fa Boon, William Robert Booth, Edgar Harold Bourne, Geoffrey H. Bowes, U. E. Brachet, Jean Louis Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence Bragg, Sir William Brasseur, H. Brewer, Douglas B. British Celanese British Cotton Industry Research Association British Leather Manufacturers' Research Association British Pottery Researcn Association Brother, George H. Brown, C. de 36 B.31, E.4 D.42 E.11, G.5-G.7 E.4 E.4 F.3 E.12 D.54 A.15, D.31, E.4, G, 1936.20 E.13 Ex A.9, E.160 E.14 F.13 E.198 E.ld E.16 E39 Ea E.82-E.91 G.24 E.5 E.o D.53, D.54 BecF, En i7 E.17 bw E.5 E.18-E.20 E21 Ex 22 E.23 E.24 E .62-E.91 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 37 Brown, E. ws Brown, R. Brown, W. O. Buck, John B. Bull, A. 5. Bunbury, H. M. Bunn, Charles William Burgers, W. G. Burr, H. K. Burton, E. Fx Butler, John Alfred Valentine Buxton, P. A. Callan, Harold Garnet Campbell, R. Carlisle, C. Harry Carter, D. Cary-Gilson, F. Caspersson, T. Challenger, Frederick Champetier, G. Chapman, Sydney Chargaff, Erwin Chibnall, Albert Charles Clark, George L. Clark, Sir Wilfrid Le Gros Clow, Archibald Corey, Robert B. Cornu, Ch. Corran, J. Ww. Cosslett, Vernon Ellis Couison, Charies Aifred Courtaulds Limited Cowling, Thomas George Cox, Sir (Ernest) Gordon (George) Cox,.H. Ls Cox, lan B.9-B.13 G.19-G.20 D.54 E.5 E.18-E.20 D.37 A.11, E.82-E.91 E.25 E.5 E.5 D.40 E.5 F.4 E.82-E.9] F.8 E.26, £.82-E.91 E.26 E.27 B.15 G.1] G27 .28 £29 .30 3] A-D.5 132 126 26 .31, F. 15, G.8 Li, D.23 .33-E.35 £16 £36 .37 A-D.5 m w e m w e w m m o m n m m o m m m m o W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Cragg, J. B. Cripps, Sir Stafford Crook, E. M. Crouch, David Lance Crowfoot, Dorothy (Hodgkin) See HODGKIN Crowther, James G. Cuckow, F. W. Czekalowski, Jaroslaw Wiktor Dainton, Sir Frederick Sydney Dale, Sir Henry (Hallett) Dale, W. M. Dalgleish, Charles E. Danielli, James Frederic Darlington, Cyril Dean Darmon, S. E. Daubenny, R. de P. Davenport, Charles B. David, W. Tx Davidson, John N. Davies, Mansel M. Davson, Hugh Day, T. OD. De Meulemeester, D. Demuth, W. H. de Navarre, M. G. Denny, James Runciman Dervichian, D. Diamond, C. Dickie, W. A. Dickinson, Sylvia Dillon, J. H. Dingle, Herbert Dmochowski, Leontyn Ludomir 38 E.26 A.2 E,26 E.82-E.91 B.24, D.4, D.47, GB Gi27 E.52, G.8 E.38 E.40 D.10 E.39 E.4l F.3, G.19-G.20 E.42 E.43 E.82-E.91 E.39 A.8 D.42, F.l E.44, E.18-E.20 D.42 E.39 F.11 E.82-E.91 E.39 B.16 D.31 E.33-E.35 E.18-E.20 E.39 E.45 E.46 E.39 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Dohrn, Peter Dohrn, R. Doty, Paul Dougherty, Ellsworth C. Dowson, W. Ji Drummond, A. Drummond, D. A. G. Dubuisson, A. Dunlop Rubber Company Limited Dunn, F. P. Durrans, Thomas H. Durward, Archibald Eaves, George Edsall, John T. Eichna, Ludwig W. Elton, Sir Arthur Hallam Rice Elliott, A. Ellis, Frank El8d, Es Engstrém, Arne Ephrussi, Boris Ephrussi-Taylor, Harriett See TAYLOR, H. 'Espinasse, Paul G. Evans, G. Evans, Sir Horace Evans, J. Evans, Ro G. Cy Evans, Rw H. Evans, W. Charles Ewald, Paul P. Fankuchen, Isidor Farrer-Brown, Lestie Fearnsides, W. E. Fearon, William Fenton, W. Cc. 39 E.47, F.4 E.47, F.4 D.48, E.48 E.39 m 0 r ) i O— tm s e . e .37, D.4I 139 14 52 53 .20 54 .33-E.35 5 15 51 3] E«Gl E.51 A.13 E.82-E.91 B.3, D.40, E.51 B.16 A.1] E «85 E.57 G.14 D.30-D.31, E.82-E.9] E.56 E256 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Ferguson, Alan Few, A. Vi Finean, J.B. Finlayson, D. Fish, Sir (Eric) Wilfred Fiske, A. H. Flanagan, Dennis Flint, Henry Thomas Fonbrune, P. de Forman, Jan Foster, Jehn Foulds, R. Fowler, R. P. Ai Fowweather, F. 5. Francis, Marcus Franklin, Rosalind Fraser, Sir Francis Richard Frazer, Alastair Campbell Fromageot, Cl. Fuoss, Raymond M. Gaade, W. Gale, Ernest Frederick Gard, Sven Gee, Geoffrey George, William H. Geren, Betty Ben Gergely, John Ghosh, B. Giles, C. Gillet, A. N. H. Goldie, A. N. A. Goldsztaub, S. Gorter, Evert Gotte, Lorenzo Graham, M. Graham, Robert 40 D.38 D.53 D.53 E.18-E.20 E.58 F.3 D.36 A.9 E.56 E.56 E.56 E.E.182-E.185 E.59 B.14 E.23 E.60 D.23, D.26 E.56 D.52, D.54 D.48 D.51-D.56 F.15 E.61 G. 12 E.6] E.6l D.55 E.61 E.61 S11 c c. f O 1 i o O m. m s6e m 61m m 61 E.165, E.166 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Gralén, Nils Gray, J. Green, H. les Gross, Jerome Gullard, J. Masson Gustavson, K. Helmer Gutfreund, Herbert Haddow, Sir Alexander Hailwood, A. J. Hakim, A. A. Halle, Friedrich Hallsworth, E. os Ham, A. abe Hamacher, Howard F. Hammerlund, Olle Hanes, Charles Samuel Hanson, Frank Blair Hanson, Jean Happey, Frank Happold, Frank Charles Harington, Sir Charles (Robert) Harker, D. Harris, Milton Harrison, Ross G. Harrison, W. Harry, Ralph G. Hartman, Philip E. Hartree, E. a Harvey, A. Harvey, P. Haworth, W. N. Hawthorne, J. R. Heidelberger, Michael Hellier, Frank Helveg-Larsen, H. F. Al D.53 E.63 E.61 E.6] A.15, E.61 E.64 E.6] E.66 E.82-E.91 D.55 E.67 E.65 E.165, £166 E.65 D.40 E.68 F.152-£.154 D.43 E.33-E.35 A.8, B.14, B.15 E.70 F.8 F.3 D.33 Euth D.43, E.72 D.53 D.43 D.1, E.73 E.65 D.15 A.15, E.74 D.52 E.«/o D387, E.65 E.65 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 7/10, | Hemingway, Albert Heppleston, A. G. Heringa, G. ~ Hermans, |. Hermans, J. Hermans, P. Ge P. Je H. Fs Hetherington, A. Ls Hill, Archibald Vivian Hinshelwood, Sir Cyril Hirst, Sir Edmund (Langley) Hodge, Alan J. Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot ; Hoff, H. 5. Holmyard, E. J. Holness, R. Fi G. Hopkins, Giles E. Hopkins, Sir Richard Hopwood, F. Ls Horrobin, S. Horton, W. G. Hoyle, Lester Huber, Wolfgang Huggins, Maurice L. land, C. N. Iingworth, J. W. Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Ingold, Sir Christopher (Kelk) Ingram, John Thornton Iterson, G. van Jacoby, Kurt Janssen, L. Ww. Johnson, Christopher Hollis Johnson, Paley Johnson, Walter Jones, A. S. 42 B.14 E.65 E.76 E.18-E.20 E.65 Eo Evo E./7 E.65 E.78 E.7? E.80 B.1 D.46 E.65 F.3 G.25 E.65 E.82-E.91 E.65 E.81 F.10 E.f00, Fea D.53 E.50 E.82-E.91 B.35, F.27 E.92 E.9S D.50 E.94 E.165, E.166 E.95 D.50 D.55 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 43 Kacser, H. Kalmus, Hans Kay Sharp, C. Ox Kaye, Maurice A. Gc. Keilin, David Keliar, J. N. Kellgren, Jonas Henrik Kellner, Lotte Kendrew, John Cowdery Kenner, James Ketelaar, J. A. A. Kidd, Franklin Kilby, B. King, E. A. de Kirkwood, S. Knibbs, N. V. a Koch, William J. Kodak Limited Koffler, Henry Kolkmeyer, N. H. Kollen, T. Koller, P. Cc. Koprowski, Hilary Kornreich, E. Kratky, O. | Lachman, F. Laki, Koloman Lampitt, Leslie Lane, E. Lang, H. Si R. de Lange, J. de Laue, Max von Laves, Wolfgang Lawrie, L. G. Lee, Sir Kenneth Lendrum, F. C. | ; D.53 E.96 B.19 E.96 E.96 G.26 E:97 E.98 Es7? E.96 E.96 ; A.8, C.5-G.7 B.53 D.38 E.96 E96 E.96 E.100 E.% E.96 A.15 E.96 E.96 E296 E.96 E.101 E.101 F.10 E.101 G.8, G.10 E.102 E.1@1 E101 D.30-D.31 D.3t, E.101 E.101 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Lennard-Jones, Sir John Lessing, R. Lewin, Ralph A. Lewis, John P. Li, Chao Hao Linderstr¢ém-Lang, K. Lipson, Henry Solomon Liquier-Milward, J. Little, Kitty Lloyd, Dorothy Jordan Loach, J. V. Loeb, Robert F. Lomax, R. Lonsdale, Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, Thomas Loofbourow, John R. Lorand, Laszlo Lovecy, A. Lovell, Sir (Alfred Charles) Bernard Lovelock, James Ephraim Low, Barbara Lowman, Frank G. Lutyens, W. McBain, J. Fs Ww. McFarlane, A. 53 McLaughlin, George D. MacLennan, John McLeod, Alastair MacLeod, J. D. McLeod, James Walter McQuillen, Kenneth Manley, E. 3. Mann, C. E. Ts Manton, Irene Mark, Herman F. 44 E103 E.G E.104 E.82-E.91 E105 A.15, A.17, D.51, D.54 E.106, G.26 D.53 E.101 E.22 A.8, B.4-B.8 D.20 | E.182-E.185 E.107 A.6 E.101 E.108 E.101 D.37 D.53 E.109 D.55 E.82-E.91 D.41 D.53 E.110 E.110 B.31 E.110 B.31 D.52 E.111 F.14 E.113 D.48-D.49, F.3 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Marlow, George S. WwW. Marriott, Robert H. Marsden, Sir Ernest Marsh, J. Ts Marshak, Alfred Martin, Sir Charles Marwick, Thora Cuthbert (Mrs. K.C. Roberts) . . Maslem, E. Martin, A. N. hs P, Mathieu, M. Matthews, John B. Medawar, Sir Peter Mellanby, Sir Edward Melland, Amicia M. Mellors, Robert C. Melnick, Joseph L. Mercer, E. Fle Meyer, Karl Middlebrook, W. R. Miles, F. D. Miller, Harry M. Miller, Michael D. Mills, Gervase L. Mitchell, G. A. G. Mitchell, |. 0. Mitchell, Joseph Stanley Mitchell, Robert L. Mommaerts, Wilfried F. HH. M. Monaghan, Edward J. Mongar, J. Ls Moore, Dan H. Moore, Harry Morales, Manuel Morey, D. Morgan, L. R. B. Morgan, Walter J. A5 G.? E.111 E.114 E.111, E.182-E.185 E11 E.115 E116 E.111 E.11] E.117 E.165, E.166 E.118 G.13 Eshi? D.39, D.43 E.120 e171 E.11] E.112 E.AZl E.152-E.154 F.112 D.54 D.43 D.30-D.31 Bi.52 E.112 D.40, E.112 E.112 E.112 D.41, E.112 m o o m m m S© W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Morris, C. R, Mott, Sir Nevill (Francis) Moulton, George Burleigh Mudd, Stuart Murphy, Frank Nasini, A. Needham, Dorothy Needham, Joseph Neir, H. Ls Neish, William J. P, Neuberger, Albert Neurath, Hans Niblett, William Roy North British Rayon Limited Nowacki, W. Oldershaw, A. W. Oliver, Donald A. Ommanney, F. D. Onions, W. dis Ormondis, Van Orowan, E. Overend, William George Owen, Edwin Augustine Pacsu, Eugene Padoa, E. Palmer, Kenneth J. Parkin, Thomas Parry, Gwen I. Passey, R. D. Paterson, C. Cc. Paterson, Edith Patnaik, Brajabihari Patterson, A. Lindo Pauling, Linus Pautard, Frederick G. Es Peacock, P. Ra Ab B.18 D.32, E.123 F.10 . D3, 0,59 E12 F.7 E,125 E,i25 E.124 D.53 D.40, D.42 ElZo B.16 E.VZ/ E.124 E.i28 E.129 D.47 E.128 £.128 E.128 D.52 D.31, D.41 E.130 E.130 E132 E.130 E.130 E.133 B.31 E.130 E.134 B.26, E.130 E135 E130 B.1, F.6 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 teEat | . . Peirce, F. t Peiser, H. Pennycuick, C.J. 5. Pepinsky, Ray Pepper, K. WwW. Perry, S. Vi Perutz, Max Ferdinand Peterkin, G. A. Grant Peters, Sir Rudolph (Albert) Petitpas, Th. Philip, J. C. Phillips, D. M. P. Phillips, Henry Philpot, D. Philpot, J. Stile Pickard, Sir Robert H. Picken, L. E. R, Pijper, Adrianus Pirie, Norman Wingate Pitelka, Dorothy R. Pitt-Rivers, Rosalind Venetia Polanyi, Michael Polli, E. Bs Pomerat, C. M. Pomerat, Gerard R. Ponder, Eric Porter, Rodney Robert Pratt, D. D. Preston, G. Priestley, J. D. H. Pringsheim, E. iS. Proskauer, E. 3. Putzeys, P. Radley, J. A. Ramachandran, G. N,. Ramsey, Robert W. 47 E.21, E.130 D.39 E.131 Fo E.136 E.137 E.138 | E.lal A.8, A.13, A.15 E.139 D.3 D.51 E22 E.131 E.13] E.21 E.140 E.131 E.13l E.13] D.51 F141 D.53 D.42 E.152-E£.154 B.25 D.51 E.142 E.143 B.14 E.144 D.35, D.48-D.49 F.15 E.146 E.145 E. 145 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Randall, Sir John (Turton) Ranzi, Silvio — Rawlins, F. I. G. Read, Thomas Talmage Reay, George Adam Reed, R. Reynolds, R. Js Ww. Richardson, E. G. Rideal, Sir Eric Riley, Dennis Rimington, Claude Riichie, P. D; Robb-Smith, A. H.. Ts Roberts, Arthur Loten Roberts, N. F, Robertson, John Monteath Robinow, C. Rockefeller Foundation Rodd, E. H. x Roe, Edna M. Fs Rogers, G. L. Rogers, H. J. Rogers, M. A. T. Rook, A. J. Rothschild, Lord Victor Rowe, F. M. Rowlands, Stanley Ruck Keene, J. R. Rudall, K. M. Ruskin, Simon Russell, Frederick Stratten Sadron, Charles Saha, M. N. Saha, Narendra Nath Salisbury, Sir Edward (James) Samuel, H. 48 D.53, E.147 F.4, F.8, F.12 E.148 B.17 6.5-G.7 E.145 E.82-E.91 D.48 E.149 E.150 A.15 E145 D.28, D.43, F.6 B.31 E.145 A.15, E.151 F.145 E.152-E.154 E.82-E.91 E.145 E.145 E.145 E.82-E.91, G.4 E.145 E.155 A.15 E.145 D.38 D.31 E.156 F.145 E.159, F.9 B.23, E.160 E.160 F.8, G.5-G,7 D.30-D.31 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Sanderson, William Allendale Sanger, F. Savill, Agnes . B. Saville, W. Saxl, Erwin J. Schmidt, Gerhard Schmidt, W. De Schmitt, Francis O. SchUtz, F. Schwarz, Peter Schwarz, V. Sedgwick, W. G. Seifriz, William Sen, J. Sen, M. R. K. Senti, F. R. Seville, R. H. Sheffield, F. M. L. Shell Refining and Marketing Company Limited Sheperdson, A. Shimmin, A. N. Simon, Ernest D. (Baron Simon of Wytheshawe) B. Simons, Lewis Simpson, Esther Singleton, Leslie Sisam, Kenneth Sisson, Wayne A. Skinner, H. Slater, E. Slater, Sir William Ww. C. Smith, J. Smith, J. By is Smith, J. L. B. Smith, Kenneth Manley Smith, S. G. | . 49 G.14 E.157 E.161 A.8, E.157 E.157 E.157 E.162 E.163 D.51, 0.82 E.157 D.55 D.7 E.164 E.157 Ex 107 E.157 E, 13/7 E.158 E.165, E.166 E.82-E.91 B.16 A.16 E.158 G.2]1 E.167 D.32 E.168 B.31 D.56 E.169 D.53 E.158 E.158 D.54 D.56 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Smith, Stuart Spaul, Eric A. Speakman, J.B. Spearman, Richard Spence, David Spencer, C. P. Springall, H. D. Stacey, Maurice Stanley, W. M. Steer, A. Ts Stern, Kurt Sternberg, J. Stevenson, Margaret F. Stewart, Matthew J. Stoner, Edmund Clifton Stopford, John Sebastian Bach (Baron Stopford of Fallowfield) Stora, C. Straub, F. Straub, Ir. B. J. Sutherland, Gordon (Brims Black Mclvor) Svedberg, The. Synge, Richard Laurence Millington Szent-Gydrgyi, Albert Taylor, Charles A. Taylor, C. Taylor, F. V. J. Taylor, F. Sherwood Taylor, Harriett Taylor, W. H. Thompson, Sir D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, Sir Harold (Warris) Tiselius, Arne Todd, Alexander Robertus (Baron Todd of Trumpington) Tompkins, Frederick Charles Tootal Broadhurst Lee Company Limited 50 D. B.16 E.170 E.158 E.158 D.53 D.43, E.171 D.53, E.172 E.173 E.158 F.3, F.10 E.158 E.158 B.14 B.14, B.15, B.17 G.14 E.158 E.158 E.158 E.174 B.24 A.15 E.175 E.177 E.176 D.53 E.176 F.12 E.178, G.26 E.179 A.15, E.176 E.180 A.15, E.181 G.9 E.182-E.185 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Toy, Francis Carter Traill, David Trepka, E. Tristram, G. R, Troensegaard, N. Trueman, E. R. Truter, M. R. Tséo, T. Cc. Tunbridge, Sir Ronald (Ernest) Turner, A. J. Twyman, F. Tyndall, Arthur Mannering Ubbelohde, Alfred Rene John Paul van Goor, H. Vickers, A. Eric J. Vickery, H. B. Virtanen, Artturi |. Waddington, C. H. Wahl, A. Walker, E. E. Walker, Francis Wallis, R. G. Walls, Ernest Wansborough-Jones, Sir Owen (Haddon) Warburg, Otto Ward, D. Wardlaw, W. Wasserman, Albert Watkins, Kathleen Watson-Jones, K. Weaver, Warren Webb, M. Weber, Gregorio Weber, Hans H. Weibull, Claes Weidinger, A. a Boal D.2, E.82-E.91 E.176 E.176 E.186 m «lZ6 . 187 m i . 188 m 17 o v E.176 D.37 E.189 A.8 D.13 Es 191 E.190 E. 190 E.192 D.4l E.82-E.91 E.82-E.91 D.49 E.127 G.12 E.192 E.82-E.91 E.33-E.35 E192 B.27, E192 E.192 E.152-E.154 D.53 F.t2 D.53, D.84, E.192 E.194 E«t 92 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Weiler, G. Weir, J. Weiss, Henri Weissberger, A. Weissenberg, Karl West, J. Westenbrink, H. G. K. Wheeler, A. i Whiddington, Richard Whinfield, J. R. White, Sir Frederick (William George) White, Michael J.D. , Wichierie, O. Wildschut, A. Williams, E. J. F Willams, J. WwW. Williams, Robley C. Wilsdon, B. H. Wilson, Sir Alan (Herries) Wilson, D. P. Winter, R. M. Wolf, Ing Kurt Wolken, Jerome J. Wood, F. Wood, G. Cs C. Woodger, J. oH. Woodward, F. N. Wool Textile Research Council Worden, Alastair N. Wormall, A. Wormell, R. L. Wright, B. WwW. Galvin Wright, E. Barlow Wrinch, Dorothy Wyckoff, Ralph Walter Greystone a2 E. 192 E.82-E.91 Es 185 Fad E.196 Fs] D.51-D.56 B.4-B.8 A.8, B.14, B.15, Dis l7 E.192 F.13 E.193 G.ii E.193 E.193 E.19/ E.193 G.23 E.33-E.35 E.193 E.81-£.91 E.193 E.193 E.182-E.185 D.55 E193 E.193 E.198 E.193 E19? D.40 D.46 G.5-G.7 E.193 D.55, E.200-E.201 W.T. Astbury CSAC 33/10/75 Wynne-Jones, William Francis Kenrick Yorke, Allan Young, John Zwick, Karl G. 53 E.193 E.202 E.202 E.202