ARKELL, William Joscelyn v2

Published: 16 January, 2024  Author: admin


THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS Report on the correspondence and papers of WILLIAM JOSCELYN ARKELL (1904-1958) geologist in Oxford University, Museum of Natural History Reproduced for the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists (NCUACS 102/1/02) by The Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts Quality House, Quality Court, Chancery Lane, London WC2A 1HP 2002 All rights reserved No 5/02 NRA 43879 Catalogue of the papers and correspondenceof William Joscelyn Arkell FRS (1904 - 1958) by Jeannine Alton NCUACScatalogue no. 102/1/02 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 1 Title: Catalogue of the papers and correspondenceof William Joscelyn Arkell FRS (1904-1958), geologist Compiled by: Jeannine Alton and Timothy E. Powell Description level: Fonds Date of material: 1919-2001 Extent of material: ca 600 items Depositedin: The Library, Oxford University Museum of Natural History Reference code: GB 0462 OUMNH Arkell papers © 2002 National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, University of Bath. NCUACScatalogue no. 102/1/02 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, and the production of this catalogue, are made possible by the support of the following societies and organisations: The British Computer Society TheBritish Crystallographic Association The Geological Society of London The Institute of Physics The Royal Academyof Engineering The Royal Astronomical Society The Royal Society The Royal Society of Chemistry The Wellcome Trust W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THIS COLLECTION MAY YET BE AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION. ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO: THE LIBRARIAN OXFORD UNIVERSITY MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY OXFORD W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 LIST OF CONTENTS GENERAL INTRODUCTION Items Page SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL A.1-A.34 SECTION B NOTEBOOKS SECTION C RESEARCH SECTION D LECTURES SECTION E PUBLICATIONS SECTION F SEDGWICK MUSEUM, CAMBRIDGE B.1-B.37 C.1-C.183 D.1-D.8 E.1-E.210 F.1-F.54 SECTION G MEETINGS AND EXCURSIONS G.1-G.7 SECTION H CORRESPONDENCE SECTION J NON-TEXT MATERIAL H.1-H.38 J.1-J.52 INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS 12 19 29 72 74 112 120 122 131 140 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 GENERAL INTRODUCTION PROVENANCE 5 The material was assembled from various sources, 1998-2002. Arkell had bequeathedhis library and fossil collection to Oxford University Museum (now the Oxford University Museum of Natural History) on his death in April 1958 and it was formally accepted by the University in June of that year. Folders of his notes and correspondencewerealso collected from his Cambridge home and brought to Oxford, the majority at the same time as his books and fossils, though further material continued to be received at various times up to 1968. Some similar research material had remained in Oxford from Arkell's earlier years there before his move to Cambridge in 1947. In 1998 Professor W.J. Kennedy, Curator of Geological Collections at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, initiated an attempt to explore other sources of material, by personal letter to former colleagues and friends, and by a notice published in geological journals. As a result, letters and information were received from J.H. Callomon, D.T. Donovan, J.D. Hudson, H.S. Torrens and C.W. Wright, and the Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge made available photocopies of their Arkell archive. The material from these disparate sources has been integrated into the catalogue as shown in the List of Contents. OUTLINE OF THE CAREER OF WILLIAM JOSCELYN ARKELL Arkell, the youngest of a family of seven, was born on 9 June 1904, at Highworth, Wiltshire, into the well-known family of brewers operating at Kingsdown, Swindon. For the greater part of his life the family business ensured him independent means and a comfortable living, and left him free to pursue his own interests. From his earliest days, these had focused on the natural history and the prehistory of the English countryside, beginning with the Highworth area, explored in detail, later the Dorset coast where family holidays were spent and where healso later owned a cottage evocatively named ‘Faraway’. The expertise which earned him the nickname ‘Jurassic Arkell’ rested on personal exploration, on foot, by bicycle or in open tourer, of the wider Cotswold region, supplementedbyvisits to Yorkshire, northern France and Germany; but the counties of southern England remained always nearest to his heart. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 6 Arkell was able to extend his interest in natural history at school (Wellington College, Berkshire) as a member of the Field Club; he won prizes for essays and exhibitions, and also wrote poetry (see A.15, B.2). He left school in December 1921 and entered New College Oxford as a commoner in October 1922; perhaps surprisingly in view of his later meticulous care for geological nomenclature he was obliged to take Responsions (a Latin test) twice (see B.6). His brilliance in his chosen field was, however, beyond dispute. E.A. Vincent writes (Geology and Mineralogy at Oxford 1860-1986): ‘There matriculated in 1922, at New College, William Joscelyn Arkell who was to become the most celebrated Oxford geologist and palaeontologist during the first half of this [twentieth] century’. Arkell took First Class Honours in geology in 1925 (the only one of that year) and was awarded the Burdett- Coutts Scholarship for work on the Corallian beds for which he was awardedhis D.Phil. in 1927 and which became the subject of his earliest publications in 1926 and 1927 and of his first major monograph published in parts by the Palaeontographical Society 1929-1937. Arkell held a College Lecturership and later a Senior Research Fellowship at New College, these being non-stipendiary or honorific posts which carried no salary and imposed no teaching or administrative requirements. L.R. Cox (Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 1958) wrote: ‘Arkell was fortunate in being able to devote almostall his time to research. Not a moment of that time was wasted’. Apart from winter seasons 1926-1930 spent with K.S. Sandford in Egypt in a survey of Palaeolithic man along the Nile Valley, Arkell devoted his research to the Jurassic, achieving important synoptic works which consolidated his international reputation, and also shorter papers on English stratigraphy and local history, notably of the Cotswolds, Dorset and Oxford areas. He retained to the last a boyish enthusiasm, describing a set of ammonites as ‘splendid beasts’ and writing ‘| have spent a happy day on the Corallian ammonites’ (F.49. See also C.4). Collaborators and colleagues were often astounded by the speed and the extent of his work; R.V. Melville described it as ‘stupendous and mind-boggling’ (E.107). Early in 1941 Arkell undertook wartime employment in London at the Ministry of Shipping (later Ministry of Transport). Though he wrote approvingly of the work and his colleagues, in 1943 he suffered a serious chest complaint, probably attributable to, possibly exacerbated by wartime difficulties. His illness, probably tubercular, became life-threatening, requiring an emergency operation and lengthy hospitalisation, and leaving him permanently affected. Correspondence during and after these years includes solicitous enquiries from friends, and on his side references to recurrent and protracted bouts of infection which would have been no more than minor coughs and colds to a normal physique. He writes in May 1953: ‘my right lung is now regarded as cured andis being allowed to expand and be used again, after being compressed for 9 years’ (C.5)._ Though obliged to give up his war work, and much restricted in his working hours, Arkell maintained a remarkable continuity of work and publication. Immediately after the war he seems to have considered applications for academic posts, but medical advice was against this, especially for the W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 7 Chair at University College, London (A.7, A.8). Instead, in 1947, he accepted a Senior Research Fellowship at Trinity College Cambridge, with a study made available for him at the Sedgwick Museum. The same year saw his election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society and the publication of The Geology of Oxford and Oxford Stone which attracted wide and lasting interest. Arkell's departure from Oxford was greatly lamented (see Vincent, Geology and Mineralogy at Oxford 1860- 1986. pp 53-54). In Cambridge Arkell resumed work at a seemingly undiminished pace, with major monographs on the Jurassic published or undertaken, papers on local geology and place-names, many submissions on nomenclature, and several collaborative papers based on specimens sent to him by colleaguesin academic or mining expeditions overseas. In 1956 he suffered a severe stroke which required extended hospitalisation and left his left hand and side permanently paralysed. During the course of 1957, though confined to a wheelchair, he began laboriously to take up the threads again, resuming correspondence, drafts for publications (see C.165, C.167) and, to a limited extent, research. The letters he wrote at this time, though asintellectually rigorous as ever, are a pitiable testimony to his physical condition as he was unable wholly to control his writing hand and the script is restricted to the right half of the paper, leaving the left side empty. Work continued, though Arkell became despondent at the lack of improvement and his dependence on others for books and research tools. In April 1958 he suffered a second stroke: ‘as he had hoped, when the second stroke came, it was final; he never regained consciousness’ (letter from A.G. Brighton, 3 May 1958, see F.5). He was 53. Arkell was awarded the Mary Clark Thompson Gold Medal of the National Academy of Sciences of America (1944), the Lyell Medal of the Geological Society of London (1949) and the von Buch Medal of the German Geological Society (1953), and was an honorary member or correspondent of many learned societies in Britain and overseas. In 1929 Arkell married Ruby Lilian Percival. They had three sons. DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION The material is presented as shown in the List of Contents. It covers the period 1919-2001. In addition to the description of the material given below,fuller introductory matter may be found at the beginning of the sections. The lapse of time since Arkell's death, and the circumstances of his career, mean that the surviving papers and correspondencedo not conform to those of many professional scientists. The collection is strongly weighted to his lifework of research and publication, Sections C and E being exceptionally full, while his relative independence of the formal academic system results in only minor involvements W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 8 in teaching and departmental routine. His membership of learned societies has been mentioned, and it is known that he served on their, and other, committees but he was not at heart a ‘committee man' and no material of this nature survives. Section A, Biographical and personal, is one of the scantiest in the collection. Thereis little material on his interest in the Chair of Geology at Oxford in 1936 in succession to W.J. Sollas, and in posts at Cambridge and University College London, which his impaired health did not allow him to pursue, in 1945. Of his public honours, only the election to the Royal Society in 1947 and the award of the von Buch Medal of the German Geological Society in 1953 are documented. There is a copy of 'Seven Poems' privately printed after Arkell's death, and the notes he madeof the birds and insects observedin his garden near Oxford. There is virtually no private correspondence, but some of Arkell's friends and colleagues have contributed their reminiscences, which appear at A.5A. Section B, Notebooks, covers the period 1920-1947, from Arkell's schooldays at Wellington College to the time he left Oxford for Cambridge. The school books include essays and writings related to his prize-winning work at Wellington; B.6 includes Latin proses written between school and university. The series of small pocket-sized notebooks record the field notes and measurements of quarries and formations mainly in England but also in Normandy. Most of the work dates from the intensive research years 1925-1940, with little from the war years and after. Section C, Research, is one the fullest and most important in the collection, covering the period from 1924 to Arkell's death, and including some posthumous correspondence to 1969. The material is presented in alphabetical order by topic, and varies considerably in extent. Most topics comprise research notes, reports on field excursions and correspondence (usually incoming only). Some of Arkell's best-known published works, such as those on building stone, the palaeoliths of the Thames Valley, and Bathonian ammonites (unfinished at his death), for which no publications drafts remain, are represented by research, information and correspondence in this section. Some of the topics extend over the years of the 1939-1945 war and the correspondenceoften has an addedinterestin reflecting the personal and social changesof the time. Section D, Lectures, is short. Arkell's Research Fellowship at New College did not involve any obligation to teach or lecture. Nevertheless, it appears that Arkell undertook such tasks, though not on a regular basis. The most extensive item is for a course on 'Tectonic Geology’. Section E, Publications, is the most substantial in the collection, beginning with his first paper in 1926 and continuing to his contribution to the Lexique Stratigraphique International, published in 1963, W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 several years after his death. 9 Research, preparation and drafts for Arkell's major monographs havesurvived and areincluded here. They include A Monograph of British Corallian Lamellibranchia, published in instalments by the Palaeontographical Society 1929-1937 (E.5-E.14), whose Secretary thanks Arkell for his ’kind offer of a monograph’. The Jurassic System in Great Britain (Oxford University Press, 1933), won Arkell, then still under thirty, an international reputation. A full record is kept at E.15-E.37, including the complete manuscript in longhand, plates, figures and correspondence. The second of his monographs to be published in instalments by the Palaeontographical Society 1935-1948, The Ammonites of the English Corallian Beds, has fewer surviving drafts but very extensive research material, diagrams and photographs at E.38-E.78. The completed volume in 1948 has a preface by Arkell commenting on the social change and the destruction of the historical record brought about by the Second World War; the preface is reproduced in part in the introduction to this material. In 1956 Arkell published Jurassic Geology of the World (Oliver and Boyd), a volume also greeted with acclaim and also written in longhand and put out to typing. The documentation at E.139-E.161 includes (E.144) his note of the book's publication chronology and the receipt of £50 advance royalties. The last of his major works is the contribution to Part L of the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (University of Kansas Press, 1957), which includes manuscript drafts, illustrations and extensive correspondence with the editors and with Arkell's co-author and long-term friend C.W. Wright (E.162-E.193). In addition to these monumental publications, Arkell poured out a stream of valuable work on the English fossil record, tectonics, prehistory, topographical place-names and building stone. During his Cambridge years he also published papers, some collaborative, on ammonites from overseas locations sent to him for identification. His many contributions to the Bulletin on Zoological Nomenclature are not documented in the surviving papers. Several apparently unpublished drafts are presented at E.197-E.210. Section F, Sedgwick Museum Cambridge, is a photocopy record, kindly made available by the Museum, of the papers and correspondencerelating to Arkell held there. It includes material on research and publications in hand at the time of his death, and also on the administration and disposition of the estate by A.G. Brighton, then Curator of the Museum and a long-term friend. The papers have been retained and listed as an entity here for the convenience of those seeking information about holdings in Cambridge. Section G, Meetings and excursions, is very scanty and far from an adequate accountof the meetings which Arkell is known to have attended, or of the many research excursions he made in Europe or his W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 return visits to Egypt. 10 Section H, Correspondenceis not extensive because Arkell kept most of his correspondence with the research or publication material to which it directly referred. It is, however, of interest in several aspects. Most of Arkell's career was spent outside the hub of conventional academia, andall of it in the pre-computer age. Typewriters, and the secretaries to use them, came late to his life. Like his drafts for publication, most of his correspondence up to, and even after, the Second World War is conductedin his flowing, very legible longhand on small format writing paper. J.H. Callomon recalls (A.5A) that even in the 1950s the postcard was Arkell's preferred vehicle of communication. In later years carbon copies of typewritten letters do survive, often on the back of drafts for previously published papers not always surviving elsewherein the collection. By birth and education, Arkell belonged to a reticent generation. Though highly sensitive to the natural world and with a connoisseur's dedication to his chosen specialism, his independent means and untrammelled freedom of research set him apart from most of his laboratory and departmental colleagues, and his self-reliance seemed distancing and aloof. Personal references are consequently rare in the correspondence. Only a few long-term friends addressed him as ‘Jos’; to most he remained ‘Arkell’. Mentions of his health, and that of his wife, or of his children are rare, though in fact Arkell doesrefer to their journeys to and from school and to keeping school holiday timesfree. While Arkell himself spent his life in academia, albeit semi-official, many of his corespondents were ‘amateur’, or at least 'non-professional’ geologists, typifying the long tradition of observers and collectors of the natural world, many of whom became acknowledged expertsin their field while others remained humbler witnesses of local phenomena and small enterprises. Among Arkell's correspondents, E.O. Atkinson wasa village postmaster, P.J. Channon an engineer, J. Fowler a vicar, J.B. Jones and LI. Treacher were schoolmasters, A.D. Passmore was an antique dealer, L. Richardson a banker, D.N. Riley an RAF pilot, E.D. Sedding a Jesuit priest, J.W. Tutcher a businessman; the shadowy W. Newton (‘Bill of Benson’) dealt in palaeolithic specimens. J.H. Callomon, with wide expertise in Jurassic ammonites, was a professor of chemistry, while the remarkable Wright brothers were respectively a senior civil servant and the director of a major industrial company. C.W. Wright contributes a spirited defence of ‘amateur’ status in a speech included at H.34. Section J, Non-text material, illustrates Arkell's penmanship and photographic skills; the coloured and heavily annotated sheets of Ordnance Survey mapsshowhis painstaking surveys over manyyearsin the counties of Southern England. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE 11 Manyfolders in the collection contain written reports by Arkell on specimens sent to him, or on excursions undertaken; they are listed in the entries. In addition, there are drafts, some typed up and complete with references apparently intended for publication, but which do not appear in the Bibliography of Arkell's works included with the Royal Society Memoir. Attention is drawnto the following items: C.1, C.2, C.40, C.81, C.124, C.165, C.167, D.7, E.197-E.207, F.4, H.35. LOCATIONS OF OTHER MATERIAL Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery Geology Department: letters to U.W. Tutcher, refs TUT.001, TUT.002. British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham: letters to G.A. Kellaway, C.N. Bromehead, refs IGS1/1016, IGS 1/1208. Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge: collections and papers. See Section F. Dorset County Museum, Dorchester: Corallian Bivalvia. Oxford University Museum of Natural History: fossil collections, library, photographic negatives, glass plates, Arkell's medals. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are pleased to acknowledge help from many sources in assembling and identifying material: To Mrs M. Green, Mr R. Hall, Mr H.P. Powell, Mr K. Walsh, and especially Professor W.J. Kennedy of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, for information and for patience in pursuing and answering enquiries. To the Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge for making available a record of its holdings of Arkell material. To Dr David Storey for information on Oxford Stone. To Mr Peter Arkell, Professor J.H. Callomon, Dr D.T. Donovan, Mr J.D. Hudson, Dr H.S. Torrens, Dr C.W. Wright and Dr E.V. Wright for contributing correspondenceor their recollections of Arkell. To Mr Raymond Arkell for allowing copies to be made of personal and family photographs. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 12 SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL,A.1-A.34 1924-1977 The contents of this section are unfortunately scanty. Virtually no biographical material was received from Cambridge after Arkell’s death and, after so long a lapse of or professional sources are few. The reminiscences kindly contributed by family, colleagues and friends at A.5A are all the more valuable. recollections personal time, from family No records remain of Arkell’s membership of learned societies in Britain and overseas, or of his services on their councils or committees. Of the medals and honours he received, only those relating to his election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society and the award of the von Buch Medalof the German Geological Society are documented. The material is arranged asfollows: A.1-A.5A OBITUARIES AND TRIBUTES A.6-A.14 CAREER AND HONOURS A.15-A.20 PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE AND MATERIAL A.21-A.34 PHOTOGRAPHS W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 13 Biographical and personal A.1-A.5A OBITUARIES AND TRIBUTES 1950s, nd A.1 A.2 A.3 Obituary notice by P.L. Mauberge, Bull. de la Soc. belg de Geol. de Paléontol. et d’Hydrol., vol 67 (1958). 1958 ‘In Memoriam William Joscelyn Arkell’ by L.R. Cox. 1950s Obituary notice probably from Proc.Dorset nat Hist Fld Cl., vol 61. ‘William Joscelyn Arkell’, by L.R. Cox, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, vol 4 (1958). 1958 Included here is the typescript draft of the Memoir, with some amendments and additions by J.M. Edmonds and another, and also a short biography of Arkell by Edmonds, Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York, 1970-1976). References to the Bibliography of Arkell’s works are made to the published Memoir. A.4 Funeral and bequest. 1958 Order of Service at Arkell’s funeral, Cambridge, 24 April 1958. Trinity College Extract from Oxford University Gazette, accepting Arkell’s bequest, June 1958 (see also F.2). A.5 Letters of condolence on the death of Arkell. 1958 Includes letter on Arkell’s portrait for the Geological Society 1993. See also A.15 and A.23. Letters received by C.W. Wright and passed on by him in 1993. A.5A Biographical recollections and information. Nd Supplied by family, colleagues and friends, some very W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 14 Biographical and personal brief, others expansive and including reflections on the teaching of geology, the Oxford and Cambridge systems etc. Some were written in response to requests by W.J. Kennedy and take the form of letter to him. Some of the correspondencein section H, e.g with D.T. Donovan, includesa little biographical material of this kind and is notedin the entries in that section. A.6-A.14 CAREER AND HONOURS 1936-1954 A.6-A.8 Career 1936-1946 A.6 A.7 A.8 Letter of support for Arkell’s application for the Chair of Geology, Oxford. 1936 Arkell applied for the Chair in succession to W.J. Sollas. No official documentation for this application survives. Correspondence on application Geology, University of Cambridge. for Lectureship in 1945 Arkell was obliged to decline this offer because of his continuingill-health. Correspondence on application for Chair of Geology, University College London. 1945 Included here are particulars concerning the Chair in Geology, University College of Swansea, 1946. Arkell was obliged to decline this offer because of his continuing ill-health. See also C.133. A.9-A.12 Election to Fellowship of the Royal Society AQ Official notice of election and shorter miscellaneous official correspondence. 1947 1947 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal A.10 Letters and messagesof congratulation, A-F. Letters and messages of congratulation, H-R. A.12 Letters and messagesof congratulation, S-W. Includes first-name orillegible signatures, including a note in verse, ‘To an Arkellologist’, to which Arkell has replied in kind. 15 1947 1947 1947 A.13-A.14 Award to Arkell of the Leopold von Buch Medalof the German Geological Society. 1953 Arkell was awarded the medal at the meeting in Tubingen, West Germany, 11-14 September 1953. A.13 Correspondence, August 1953-January 1954. 1953- 1954 Includes invitation, arrangements, Arkell’s speech of acceptance (in German), letters of thanks, continuing correspondence on research, exchange of books and reprints. A.14 Information, events, participants, a note on Leopold von Buch. programme of excursions, 1953 A.15-A.20 PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE AND MATERIAL 1937-1977 A.15 ‘Seven Poems’. 1958 Booklet privately printed and circulated ‘as a memorial of the author to be sent out to his friends onhis birthday, 9 June 1958’, by ‘Pansy’ (E.E.L. Panzer), Arkell’s nurse in his last illness. This copy was sent to C.W. Wright, from whom it was received together with the letters of condolenceat A.5 and photographs at A.23. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 16 Biographical and personal The poems, written by Arkell as a schoolboy and young man, werefirst published in Wessex Song. An Anthology of Contemporary Dorsetshire and Wiltshire Poetry, by Fowler Wright (London, 1928). See A.5 and A23. natural world written by Arkell as a schoolboy. See also B.2 for essays on the A.16 Arkell’s notes on birds and insects observed in the garden of Hurstcote. 1940-1948 Hurstcote was Arkell’s home at Cumnor, Oxford. A.17 Shorter personal correspondence. 1937-n.d. Letter of 1937 refers to Arkell’s unsuccessful application for the Chair of Geology at Oxford (see also A.6). A.18 Letter from Arkell to G.A. Kellaway, 21 August 1941. 1941 The letter is of interest in referring to successful boring on Arkell’s advice for water supplies to a wartime shadowfactory, perhaps related to work documented at C.176. Photocopy of original held at British Geological Survey (their ref: IGS 1/1016). Arkell’s extensively annotated map of the Highworth district at J.15 includes a note ‘Boring 1941 (adviser W.J.A.) to 79ft (June). Gusher overflowing 2000 gallons per hour from the Highworth grit’. A.19 A.20 Letter from Arkell to J.A. Douglas, on consultation fees, 22 March 1952. Letter, addressed to ‘My dear Echinoderms’ from A.J. Arkell (cousin), December 1950. Includes an inscribed copy of ‘The Old Stone Age in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan’. 1952 1950 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal A.21-A.34 PHOTOGRAPHS A.21-A.23 Miscellaneous photographs 17 1924-1944 1937-1957 A.21 Bound album of photographstaken in Scotland. 1937 Most photographsidentified and described by Arkell. 14- 21 August 1937. A.22 Envelope of photographs received via H.P. November 1998. Powell, 1956 Includes Arkell family coat of arms, photographs of Arkell in academic dress, photographs of Arkell some alone, some with E.J. Bowen at Kimmeridge, August 1956. A.23 Photographs received from C.W. Wright, 1998. 1956-1957 Some of the photographs are inscribed ‘Summer 1956’ (before Arkell’s first stroke) and some ‘Springtime 1957’ taken during his convalescence. See also A.5, A.15. A.24-A.34 Personal and family photographs 1924-1944 These are copies of originals kindly made available by Mr RaymondArkell (Son) in October 2001. Three albums of family photographs dated 1936, 1937 and 1939, other miscellaneous photographs and pastels by Arkell remain in family hands. A.24 Photograph of Arkell 1924 Note on verso ‘Portreath quay July 1924. While taking course in mining at Camborne, Cornwall’. See B.16 for notes and a diary made atthis time. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal A.25 Photographof Arkell Another copy of the photographat A.24. A.26 A.27 A.28 A.29 18 1924 Nd 1928 1929 Punting at Oxford. ‘At Oak Hill Cheltenham 18 Sep. 28 Jos & Ruby’. ‘Ruby’ is Mrs Arkell. Wedding Day. Arkell and his wife. c 1929-1934 With a note on verso ‘at 14 Chadlington Road Oxford 1929-1934’. A.30 Arkell and his wife. c 1929-1934 Another copyof the photograph at A.29. A.31 A.32 A.33 Photograph of Arkell. Photographof Arkell’s wife. Family group photograph note by on Raymond verso With ‘Mervyn/Dad/Raymond Cumnor after Raymond’s return from USA in May 1944 (having gone there in July 1940)’. Arkell at Hurstcote A.34 Arkell with his bicycle. Nd Nd 1944 Nd W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 19 SECTION B NOTEBOOKS,B.1-B.37 1919-1947 his diaries’, essays ‘copious prize to fieldwork, In his Memoir of Arkell for the Royal Society (A.3), L.R. methodically Cox refers documented and_ verse compositions begun during schooldays at Wellington College. Unfortunately few of these survive (though see A.15, B.2) and the material described here, which had remained in the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, represents a relatively random, and certainly incomplete selection. It includes a very few items from early days (B.1-B.3) and ends about 1947 when Arkell left for Cambridge. None of the material returned from Cambridge after his death includes workof this kind. are his life. which presented notebooks, throughout The surviving in chronological order as far as ascertainable, testify to Arkell’s highly methodical and controlled approach to his work. Notes and drawings are carefully set out, labelled and ordered, in Arkell’s legible, flowing hand which hardly the books varied By contrast themselves are surprisingly heterogeneous. Hardly any two are alike. Far from forming an organised sequence as might have been expected, they vary in format, binding and colour and seem to have been purchased from Oxford stationers as and when required. Arkell was, however, usually careful to write his name, college or home address inside the cover. While the probable loss of some of Arkell’s early student or research notes is much to beregretted, it should be noted that many of his later expeditions, investigations of sites, collection and identification of specimens are recordedin reports and notes kept with correspondence in other sections of the collection. The material is presented asfollows: B.1-B.3 SCHOOL B.4-B.17 OXFORD UNIVERSITY B.18-B.32 RESEARCH AND FIELDWORK B.33-B.37 UNDATED AND MISCELLANEOUS W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 21 Notebooks Arkell’s entry for 16 August records ‘Good bugging day wasted by grandslam picnic at Studland’. B.4-B.17 OXFORD UNIVERSITY B.4-B.7 Chemistry notebooks. 1922-1925 1922-1925 1922 B.4 B.5 B.6 Hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J. Arkell. Oct 1922 Chemistry’. Notes, preparations, experiments. At rear of book ‘Analysis May 1923’ on reagents and metals, properties and experiments. Blue soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘Chemistry. Notes from Mr Hammick’s lectures Jan. 1923’. 1923 Notes and experiments. In centre of book are notes for ‘Summer Term 1923’. hard-backed Marbled ‘Organic Chemistry Spring vac. 1923 and other notes. New Coll. Oxford summer 1923’. notebook inscribed 1922, 1923 Detailed notes on compounds and their properties. At rear of book: ‘W.J. Arkell Jan. 1922 Latin Proses etc’. Several pagestorn out. Arkell left school in December 1921 but, as L.R. Cox records (Memoir, p.2) did not pass Responsions (a now obsolete component of the Oxford entrance examination) until the second attempt ‘owing to weakness in Latin’. B.7 ‘Introduction to Chemical Theory. A.F. Walden’. 1925 Typescript notes for class use, with manuscript notes and experiments by Arkell. Includes notes on ‘Latest work (1925) on the transmutation of elements’. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 B.8 Notebooks hard-backed Marbled ‘Oxford University Department of Botany. W.J. Arkell New College. Oct. 1922’. notebook inscribed Notes on a course of 15 lectures, drawings and diagrams. Many other drawingsby Arkell of botanical specimens are on other pages of the book. B.9-B.12 Zoology notebooks. B.9 Red loose leaf binder inscribed ‘W.J. Arkell New College Nov. 1922. Zoology Medical Prelim. Course’. Timetable, detailed notes and diagrams for a course by ‘Mr [Julian] Huxley’. 22 1922 1920s 1922 records Arkell so interesting that he nearly weaned me from geologyto it, but not quite’. Huxley ‘made zoology J.S. that B.10 Two essays byArkell, probably both for J.S. Huxley; one has his signature ‘J.S.H’ and comments. Early 1920s ‘Notes on General Zoology’. Early 1920s Typescript teaching manuscript drawings and notesby Arkell. perhaps notes, material, with B.12 Large black loose-leaf binder labelled ‘Practical Notebook of Arkell New College’. Elementary inscribed Biology’, ‘W.J. Dissections and experiments. B.13-B.17 Geology notebooks. B.13 Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, June 1923, Geological Notes’. Early 1920s 1920s 1923 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 23 Notebooks Mainly notes on theliterature. There is an index of topics covered and works consulted tucked into the front of the book. Notes continue on unnumbered pages, the latest date being 1926. Pages numbered 1-100 and some unnumbered. B.14 B.15 B.16 Purple Oct.1923, New College, Geology Lecture Notes’. hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, 1923 In the centre of book, extensive notes on ‘Palaeontology’. Both ends of book used. ‘Petrological Purple Notes. If found, please return to W.J Arkell. New College’. hard-backed notebook inscribed 1924 Includes ‘Lecture notes May 1 1924’ and notes on the literature. Also includes 5pp ‘Self-examination rocks’ of numbered specimens and descriptions. Marbled hard-backed notebook inscribed Camborne, July 7 1924’. ‘W.J. Arkell, 1924 Notes on the geology of Cornwall and the history and methods of the mining industry made during a summer course. In centre of book ‘Diary of Excursions’, 8 July - 15 August, an accountof expeditions by car, bus, train and on foot, sometimes alone, sometimes apparently with Oxford friends. At rear of book extensive notes on minerals. See A.24 for a photograph of Arkell taken during this course. B.17 Green soft-backed notebook. 1920s At front of book, notes on plant and animal evolution. At rear of book, notes on rock formations, earthquakes, volcanoes, human anthropology. Some notes headed Hilary Term’ and ‘Professor 1925’ (perhaps ‘Professor W.J Sollas). (K.S Sandford). page headed ‘K.S.S May’ 1 12 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 24 Notebooks B.18-B.32 RESEARCH AND FIELD WORK 1920-1946 These are relatively small format books, compiled while Arkell wasstill at Oxford as Burdett-Coutts Scholar, then lecturer and Senior Research Fellow of New College. The books continue to be inscribed with his name and college, but relate to his research interests beyond the university curriculum. B.18 Beige soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘If found, please return to W.J Arkell, New College’. 1920 Notes and diagrams on the geology of Southern England and the Oxford region, mainly based on theliterature, but some on own expeditions. description and diagram of Wheatley Brickyard with a note ‘Measured with Bayzand [University Demonstrator in Geology] and Pringle, 24 Oct. 1924’. Includes At rear of the book is a plan for chapters of a book or extended paper on the geology of England. Arkell’s note for chapter 5 includes ‘disagreement with Buckman’ and for chapter 8 question and Palaeontology, tendency of older men to rely too much on lithology overstress and palaeontology’. Correlation tendency reads ‘The of younger to Green soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, New College, Oxford. Field notes and measurements’. 1920-1930 The notebook includes contents note ‘Corallian of Oxford, Berks and North Wilts., 1924-25’ (the title of Arkell’s paper in Phil. Trans. B, vol. 216 (1927), see also E.2, E.3). Mainly description and diagrams of pits and quarries near Oxford. Last page of notes refers to ‘Bagley Wood Quarry’ with a note ‘Revised June 12 1934.’ B.20 Red soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, Redland Court, Highworth, Wilts, field notes and measurements taken in quarries’. 1924-1926 The notebook has a contents note ‘Corallian of Wilts. and Berks, 1924-1926.’ Notes, descriptions, diagrams, several expeditions. At rear of book, notes on the Cornbrash. Redland Court was Arkell’s family home. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 25 Notebooks B.21 Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, New College, Oxford. Corallian notes 1926 Weymouth’. 1926-1937 The contents list, which includes Oxford locations as well as Dorset, extends to 31 December 1937 with detailed measurements and descriptions. B.22 Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell’. 1926-1927 The notebook has a contents note ‘Cornbrash: South- Western area 1926-1927’. Detailed measurements and descriptions. Material for collaborative paper with J.A Douglas ‘The Stratigraphical Distribution of the Cornbrash I.’ , Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 84 (1928). B.23 B.24 B.25 Red soft-backed notebook inscribed 14 Chadlington Road, Oxford. Cornbrash field notes 1928- For Part Il’. Arkell, ‘W.J 1928-1933 The contents list includes the Cornbrash and also notes made at the Scarborough and York Museums, 1930. Notes and descriptions July 1928-June 1933. At rear of book, notes on theliterature, mainly French sources, and notes on Lamellibranch terms. Material for collaborative paper with J.A Douglas "The Stratigraphical Distribution of the Cornbrash II", Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 88 (1932). Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, 14 Chadlington Road, Oxford, Normandy July 5-9 1930’. 1930-1932 The contents list includes in addition to Normandy many other localities visited in the West Country and Oxford region diagrams, measurements. descriptions, 1930-1932. Detailed soft-backed notebook inscribed Red_ Chadlington Road, Oxford’. ‘W.J Arkell, 14 1931-1933 The contents list includes many localities in Southern England 1931-1933. Detailed descriptions, diagrams and measurements, particularly of the Dorset coast, which continue beyond thoselisted in the contents. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 26 Notebooks B.26 Black soft-backed notebookinscribed ‘Kimeridge Clay’. 1932-1937 Descriptions, diagrams, measurements 1932-1937, some notes ontheliterature. At rear of book, narratives and diagrams of expeditions especially Lulworth coast, probably for work on Purbeck beds, 1936-1937. In centre of book, notes on ‘L.G.S’ (Lower Greensand), expeditions and measurements 1937- 1938 and ‘Gault and U.G.S.’ (Upper Greensand) 1937. B.27 Black hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘Canada and USA June-July 1933’. 1933 in connection with Arkell’s account of International Geological Congress, June - July 1933.. visit his the B.28 Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell’. 1934-1937 The contents list includes the Boulonnais area of France and many localities in Southern England, March 1934-July 1936. Expeditions, diagrams, measurements, notes on the literature which continue beyond those the contents to July 1937. listed in B.29 hard-backed Black notebook Quaternary. South Dorset 1938’. inscribed ‘Tertiary and 1938-1939 Descriptions and measurements. The last expedition is to Worbarrow Broken Beds ‘Notes of a visit with E.B (Sir Edward) Bailey, 12 Aug. 1939’. At rear of book, notes on Wealden rocks on the Dorset coast. B.30 Black soft-backed notebook (no inscription). 1938-1939 Measurements of Auger holes. Various dates, March- August 1938. Expedition January 1939. B.31 Brown exercise book inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, New College, Nov. 1925, photographic records.’ 1925-1940 Details of photographs taken, camera used, time, weather conditions and results with various cameras 1925-1940. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 27 Notebooks B.32 Beige soft-backed notebook (noinscription). 1943-1946 Notes on beaches, especially Saunton Sands, Devon, March 1943. Notes on quarries and pits in Oxford region 1943-1946. At rear of book, notes on tides and beaches. B.33-B.37 UNDATED AND MISCELLANEOUS B.33 Black Palaeontology (Invertebrate)’. hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell. Nd Both ends of book used. Notes and drawings, perhapspart of University lecture course. Pages numbered 1-108 (notall used). B.34 Small black hard-backed notebook (no inscription). Nd Notes on ores and minerals. B.35 Thick black hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘Please return to W.J Arkell. New College, Oxford. Notes on British Corallian Mollusca, Lamellibranchia’. 1930s at notes on species’ rear. Detailed Index and nomenclature. Tucked into p.88 is a letter from C.J Stubblefield 17 August 1935 regarding of a manuscript by Arkell to be published that year. This probably refers to the monograph on the ammonites of the English Corallian Beds published 1935-1948 by the Palaeontographical Society (see E.38-E.78). At rear of book ‘Notes on Bathonian Brachiopoda 1930-’. receipt Pages numbered 1-100. W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 Notebooks B.36 Contentof a loose-leaf binder. B.37 A collection of essays or short examination answers, usually written on the right hand page, with questions, notes or additional information on the left. The essays are in ink with some additions in red or black pencil. They may originate in undergraduate work at New College, later revised by Arkell. Binder was discarded. Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘Transcripts from manuscript diaries by G.F Harris 1893-1894 in the Geological Survey Library’. Transcripts made for Arkell during his work on Oxford Stone (1947) also including ‘The Travels Through England of Dr Richard Pockocke during 1750, 1751 and later years’, and relate to the quarries of Bath and Portland Stone. A few notesin Arkell’s own hand. 28 Nd Nd W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 29 SECTION C RESEARCH, C.1-C.183 1924-1969 The material is presented alphabetically by topic titles, which are those chosen by Arkell on his folders. This arrangementis avowedly for convenienceonly. It does not reflect the extent of the work covered by each heading, nor its chronological place in Arkell’s lifetime of continuous research. The papers grouped at C.1-C.22 under the generic heading ‘Ammonites’, for example, relate to the last years of his life, when, as the foremostliving authority on Jurassic ammonites, he was in constant worldwide demand for advice and reports on stratigraphic dating. Conversely, the ‘Egypt’ material at C.91-C.114 goes back to the 1920s and Arkell’s work with K.S. Sandford for the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, while work on ‘Wells and boreholes’ at C.168-C.183 begins in the 1920s, covering research sometimes undertaken at the requestof, or in collaboration with, construction anddrilling firms. Some of the work led to, or resulted from, published papers, and there is therefore an inevitable overlap with the material in Section E, Publications; cross-references are given where possible. Many folders contain short reports on an excursion or investigation of some geological formation; these are noted in the entries and, if they are substantial or apparently intended for publication, they are included in the list of unpublished work in the introduction to this catalogue. research, correspondence The background information for some of Arkell’s best-known works, such as those on Bathonian ammonites, building stone and the Thames Valley, for which no drafts survive, are in this section. and_ The material was almostall received at various dates from Cambridge after Arkell’s death, in large envelopes or very bulky tagged folders bearing his own title and a note of the date received (often as late as 1968). The bulky folders have been retained and their titles quoted, but the contents have been divided into more manageable units. These figures and diagrams, may include extensive field excursions and reports thereon. Some are very brief but most cover a considerable timespan. correspondence, arrangements research notes, for Unfortunately, very few of Arkell’s letters survive until the late 1940s. Before then, though he was clearly a punctilious correspondent, his own letters have to be deduced from thoseof others. The material is presented as follows: W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 30 Research C.1-C.22 AMMONITES C.23-C.48 BATHONIAN C.49-C.84 BUILDING STONE C.85-C.90 DORSET TECTONICS C.91-C.114 EGYPT C.115-C.116 FULLER’S EARTH C.117-C.122 LIAS AMMONITES C.123-C.124 NATURE RESERVES C.125-C.155 PALAEOLITHS C.156 C.157 PURBECKIAN RINGSTEADIA C.158-C.167 STRATIGRAPHICAL TERMINOLOGY C.168-C.183 WELLS, QUARRIES, BOREHOLES W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 31 Research C.1-C.22 AMMONITES 1950-1969 The material grouped under this general heading dates from the 1950s. It includes research material, figures and diagrams, correspondence and reports on the discovery or identification of ammonites in many locations. of the Geology Some enquiries were initiated by Arkell for his major works Jurassic on Invertebrate Paleontology, but the majority reached him from oil or mining companies, or from colleagues; some of the work led to publications, or derived from published papers, and includes substantial research findings. Treatise World and Loans and returns of specimens are an important aspectof the work. Arkell was careful to number and record all material sent to him, sometimes arranging for items to be deposited in or given to the Sedgwick Museum. Later correspondence after his death deals with the verification of material returned or deposited. See also F.5-F.43. C.1-C.7 Algeria 1952-1968 Contents of a folder inscribed ‘ALGERIA’ and with a note from manuscript Cambridge 1968’. by J.M. Edmonds ‘Returned This work derived from the ammonite collection of Ermoceras of G. Lucas (University of Algiers), with whom Arkell wrote a collaborative paper on the subject (C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 236 (1953), see C.5). Arkell seems to been drafted a further paper on which Lucas might have collaborated, but although Arkell kept up a lively correspondence with other French colleagues (C.4, C.5) Lucas himself proved tardy and no further work is listed in the Bibliography. om C.2 ‘The ammonites from the Bajocian Ermoceras beds of Algeria, and their age’. 1 Mar 1953 17pp manuscript draft + 3pp references. Typescript draft. 1953 14pp typescript version of C.1 with manuscript corrections. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research 32 early 1950s Arkell’s Bathonian specimens, including some collected by him or sent to him. manuscript Algerian notes on C.3 C.4 Notes and correspondence. 1952 - 1953 including Correspondence mainly with G. Lucas and other French colleagues, of Bathonian specimens collected by them in Algeria, and notes of specimens lent and returned (with manuscript notes of their return in 1967). lists and localities Arkell’s correspondence with P. Mauberge, September - October 1952, is in French. first letter to Lucas after their expedition Arkell’s (6 February 1952) begins: ‘| have spent the first happy morning washing and working through the Bathonian ammonites safely brought home packed inside my new boots’. possible collaborative A in correspondence February - April 1952 and in March 1953, but this does not refer to the drafts at C.1, C.2. referred paper is to C.5 Notes and correspondence. 1953-1956 Correspondence with Lucas and colleagues in Algeria, France and UK, April 1953-June 1956, including lists, receipts and returns of specimens for identification. A possible publication is referred to in letters 6 June 1954 and 9 May 1955. A draft and copy of the Arkell-Lucas paper ‘Découverte récente du genre Ermoceras Douvillé dans l’Atlas saharien occidental’ (C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris vol. 236 (1953)) are included here. Arkell’s letter of 5 May 1955 agrees to a collaborative publication with G. Busson, University of Algiers, in C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris. Busson writes, 11 June 1955, that he is sending ten offprints ‘de notre note’ but there are no details or mentionofthis in the Bibliography. C.6 Later correspondence on return of specimens to Paris, 1958 and on transfer to Oxford of Arkell’s file and Algerian specimens, 1968. 1958, 1968 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 33 Research C.7 C.8 C.8 C.9 C.9 Envelope of photographs ‘Algerian Ammonites Bathonian’. 1950s With brief covering note (unsigned) from Lucas. Arabia 1956 Contents of a folder inscribed ‘Arabia 1954-’. The dated material and correspondenceis all 1956. Correspondence, location map, lists of specimens and identifications in Arabia, undertaken for R.G.S. Hudson, then working for Iraq Petroleum Company. of ammonites from various localities Some of the specimens were presented to the Sedgwick Museum. Australia 1954-1966 Contents of a folder inscribed ‘Australia Il’ with a note by J.M. Edmonds ‘Returned from Cambridge 1968’. Correspondence, lists of specimens and identifications, information from colleagues in Australia and UK, Arkell’s reports.1954-1958. Correspondence 1966, concerns the return to Australia of the specimens at the Sedgwick Museum. The enquiry was undertaken at the request of the West Australian the specimens being deposited ‘on permanent loan’ at the Sedgwick Museum. The work wasstill under way at the time of Arkell’s death. Petroleum Pty Ltd, C.10-C.12 India and Baluchistan 1940-1954 Contents of a folder so inscribed, with a manuscript note by J.M. Edmonds‘Returned from Cambridge 23.9.68’. The correspondence is conducted principally with the Burmah Oil Company, and also with other institutions as well as with colleagues. Arkell’s letter of 7 May 1951 explains: ‘ For some years | have been collecting material and references for a book reviewing the stratigraphy of the Jurassic of the world ... and | am getting within sight of trying to write up the eastern part of the Tethys’. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 34 Research The specimens and material forwarded to Arkell included some early maps and reports by employees, in particular by A. Allison, and correspondence from J.A. Douglas 1940. Arkell, who was delighted with the specimens, mentioned that they might be deposited at the Sedgwick Museum in February 1952 and this was agreed January 1953. Correspondence from Douglas and others, and mapsby A. Allison. 1940 Mapsreferred to in correspondence at C.11. Correspondence with Burmah Oil Company. 1951 Includes despatch of material, and extracts made for Arkell from company reports by Allison and others 1939-1940. Correspondence with Burmah Oil Company, Geological Survey of Pakistan and others. 1952-1954 Correspondence mainly on despatch of reports on Cutch ammonites. material and 1903 on which Includes list of specimens collected by Sir Henry Hayden in a paper ‘Bajocian ammonites near Kampadzong, Tibet’ (Geol. Soc. Lond., vol 90 (1953)). No draft of the paper survives. wrote Sir Henry Hayden Arkell collected by C.13-C.15 Japan Contents of a folder so inscribed. C.13 Correspondence, chiefly with T. Matsumoto of Kyushu University, and other colleagues, on Japanese Jurassic ammonites. 1950-1955 1950-1955 Includes 20pp paper by Matsumoto (translated for Arkell), receipt of specimens and Arkell’s report, arrangements for Matsumoto to visit UK as a British Council scholar,a little correspondenceon the Treatise. 2 geological maps of Japan by Matsumoto. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 35 Research 7 envelopes of photographs, most with identifications and dates (1953, 1954), by Arkell. C.16-C.18 New Guinea 1954-1969 Contents of a folder so inscribed, with a manuscript notes ‘Used in New Zealnd paper’. The referenceis to Arkell’s paper ‘Two Jurassic ammonites from South Island, New Zealand’, N.Z. Sci. Tech. vol 35 (1953) but the material postdates this. Correspondence with oil companies, principally British Petroleum and Anglo-Saxon Petroleum, on specimens sent to Arkell for examination and his reports and notes, a little correspondence with C.W. Wright. 1954-1956 letters Arkell’s of 3 February 1955 and (undated) September 1956 mention a monograph in preparation on New Zealand Jurassic ammonites, but not recorded. His requests for the Papuan specimens to remain in the Sedgwick Museum were declined for reasons of commercial confidentiality. this is Correspondence on the return of material. 1969 C.18 C.19 Envelope entitled photos’. ‘Papua ammonite and_ belemnite North America 1957 Correspondence and a paper on Jurassic stratigraphy in the central Great Plains with maps and data sent to Arkell, May 1957, arising from his Jurassic Geology of The original envelope (retained) is noted the World. ‘Ackn. A.G.B[righton]’ and it is possible that through absenceor illness Arkell did not deal with the material. W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 36 Research C.20 C.20 C.21 C.21 C.22 C.22 Portugal 1952-1953 Brief correspondence only, on Jurassic ammonites in Portugal. Arkell was planning visit. South America and Mexico 1952-1957 Correspondence with colleagues in UK and Europe requesting information, loans etc, on various sources of ammonites in Peru, Mexico, Chile, the latter marked ‘Received from Cambridge 23.9.1968’. Turkey 1952-1956 Correspondence with academic colleagues in Turkey, and with receipt and identification of specimens. oil companies, on despatch, Includes Arkell’s 4pp manuscript list specimens from sites worldwide. of comparative C.23-C.48 BATHONIAN 1930-1956 The research covered here begins in 1930 and was aimed at a major monograph on Bathonian ammonites corresponding to that on the English Corallian Beds (see E.38-E.78). The first instalment of the ‘Monograph of the English the Palaeontographical Society, appeared in 1951 but the work was not completed at Arkell’s death. No drafts survive in the collection. Plates are at J.13. Ammonites’, Bathonian published by The material, much of it kept in very bulky taggedfolders, is diverse. It covers a wide timespan, 1930-1956, and a wide geological range including work on the Fuller's Earth, Cornbrash and Great Oolite. The content ranges discussions from and detailed classification to visits with professional and amateur colleaguesto sites in road and rail cuttings, quarries and boreholes, most of them in Southern England, especially Dorset and the Cotswolds. Many short reports or accounts of these visits are included here. stratigraphy of W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 37 Research Arkell’s arrangement and titles have been retained though the unwieldy folders have been divided into more convenient units. Some of his correspondents were kept separately by him (C.30, C.36, C.37, C.38) though they may also occur in the general survey. The correspondence extends over the period of the Second World War and many of the items reflect the changed circumstances of is maintain remarkable how determined they were to research. for the writers; life it C.23-C.35 ‘Bathonian correlation’. 1930-1956 Contents of a folder so inscribed, with a manuscript note ‘Received from Cambridge 7/3/1959’. C.23 Notes by Arkell. 1930 manuscript and typescript notes on Upper Arkell’s Fullers Earth clay at Burton Bradstock, Dorset, July 1930, and 7pp manuscript ‘Notes on Kemble District [Gloucestershire] Dec. 1930’. Tracing map (not by Arkell) of Fuller's Earth outcrop in Gloucestershire. C.24 Notes and drafts by Arkell. 1931 and notes Arkell’s most manuscript, usually dated, and some notes on the literature. Includes ‘Fuller’s Earth and Great Oolite 1931’, boreholes, quarries, railways. drafts, some typescript, in at Included here are ‘Notes on the comparison between the Cornbrash Frome [Somerset] and in neighbouring sections’, May 1931, sent with a covering letter to H. Dewey. Another copyis at C.28. railway-cutting new. the C.25 C.26 Correspondencewith brief notes on the literature. 1937-1939 Correspondence, loan literature. of specimens, notes on the 1941-1944 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 38 Research One of Arkell’s principal correspondents, H.M. Muir- Wood (British Museum (Natural History)) was at that time working in Bath for the Labour Branch of the Admiralty. Her letters describe wartime work and conditions. C.27 Correspondence, descriptions of specimens etc 1947 Extensive correspondence, descriptions of specimens and locations, Arkell’s notes on the literature and on collecting and Gloucestershire, lists of specimens mainly the Great Oolite and Fuller's Earth. expeditions Cotswolds the in Correspondence, geological map of Chipping Sodbury Tunnel. November 21 accompanies a Correspondence, disposition of J.W. Tutcher’s collection. December, 31 discusses the C.28 Correspondence etc loans made Correspondence, returned, identifications. Includes correspondence with colleagues abroad and another copy of Arkell’s 1931 field notes and report on the Cornbrash with manuscript notes and additions by J.B.A. Welch. and C.29 Papers Includes comments on Arkell’s papers and drafts on the Bathonian. C.30 Correspondence and papers Correspondence with D.T. Donovan, Bristol University, on specimens, field trips and mapping in the Cotswolds and Bath areas, for Bathonian and Fuller’s earth fossils; loans and identifications, diagrams of shafts, sections etc. These are almost exclusively Donovan's letters, kept separate by Arkell. Some of Arkell’s letters are in the correspondence folders by Donovan) at H.11, H.12. (kindly made available 1948 1948 1948 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.31 Notes and correspondence. 39 1949 Arkell’s notes on locations andidentifications especially of Fuller's Earth, including identification of specimens from excavations on the hockeypitch, Kingswood School Bath. Correspondence (November) refers to arrangements for specimens from the collection of P.C. Sylvester Bradley to be held in the Sedgwick Museum. C.32 Correspondence etc. 1950 Correspondence, March-July 1950, chiefly with D.T. Donovan and H.M. Muir-Wood, on determination of Fuller's Earth and Great Oolite strata in the Cotswolds, and the joint paper with Donovan (see also E.123, E.124). Includes detailed report by Muir-Wood and Arkell’s field notes. Correspondence with P.C. Sylvester Bradley and others on Bathonian ammonites from continental sources. 1950-1952 Correspondence, chiefly with Oxford University Museum, on specimens and identifications, September 1950 - June 1951. 1950-1951 Correspondence and papers. 1955, 1956 Correspondence with L. Richardson and others. 1931-1953 Kept separately by Arkell. C.33 C.34 C.35 C.36 C.37-C.38 ‘Channon Letters (Gt. Oolite)’. 1942-1950 Contents of a folder so inscribed. Channon had worked on the construction of the pylon line between Gloucester and Oxford and was a keen recorder and collector of local geology and remains. He lived near Tewkesbury and he and Arkell met for field W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 40 Research investigations. He later moved to Australia and became Curator at the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Canberra, until his death in 1953. The material, which was kept separately by Arkell, is a substantial collection of correspondence, detailed lists of localities and specimensincluding the collections of L.R. Cox, collections at Cheltenham College, sections at quarries, rail yards and boreholes, despatch and return of specimens. Very few of Arkell’s letters remain, though the context makes clear that he was equally assiduous as a correspondent. C.37 C.38 ‘Channon Letters (Gt. Oolite)’. 1942-1947 ‘Channon Letters (Gt. Oolite)’. 1948-1950 Includes Channon’s decision to emigrate. C.39-C.40 ‘Bathonian S. of Bath’. 1949, 1956 Contents of a folder so inscribed. C.39 Correspondenceetc. 1949 with D.T. Correspondence other colleagues on mapping and field investigations. Arkell in a letter to Donovan, 3 June 1949, proposes collaborative research and publication on ‘The Bathonian succession south of Bath’; Donovan agreed (13 June 1949). Donovan and_ Includes reports by Arkell and others on sites and identifications. C.40 ‘The incoming of the Great Oolite south of Bath’. 1956 and Typescript proposed collaborative paper, so titled, by Donovan and Arkell. No paper ofthis title is listed in the Bibliography. manuscript drafts for a The material comprises: introduction with a manuscript note ‘After September 1956illness made it impossible for Arkell to continue mapping and the map was completed by Donovan’; ‘The Great Oolite series in the mapped area Oolite Limestones (D.T.D.)’. ‘Stratigraphy (W.J.A.)’; Great the of There is a manuscript headnote ‘Top copy sent to W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 C.41 C.42 Research Donovan 25 August 1956’, and a letter from Donovan 17 September. and typescript Manuscript little correspondence 1950-1951, for Arkell’s paper ‘A Middle Bathonian ammonite fauna from Schwandorf, northern Bavaria’, Schweiz. palaeont. Abh. vol. 69, 1952. draft, and a 41 1951 A copy of the published paper dated 1951 is included. Correspondence and papers re Bathonian ammonites from Morocco, arising from Arkell’s monograph. 1953-1956 The correspondenceis chiefly with G. Colo of the Service Géologique du Maroc, who regularly sent types of Bathonian ammonites to Arkell for A geological map and lists are included. identification. Correspondence May-November 1955 discusses what had been thought to be a new genus for which Arkell proposed the name Coloites in a draft paper ‘A new Bathonian ammonite from Morocco’, but the identification proved incorrect. C.43 Drawing by Arkell of the Bathonian, from Dorset through the Cotswolds. Nd Sent by A.G. Brighton to JU.M. Edmonds 19 June 1968 with the following description: ‘The original was made up by me from Arkell’s Jurassic Gt. Brit. volume as a handout for lectures...and the modifications were put in by Arkell at some stage in his work on the Bathonian. So that it has some value to anyone interested in the Although folded, his alterations evolution of his ideas. (all is his) easily distinguished from mine. I’m sorry | can’t remember the date on which they were done.’ colouring should fairly the be C.44-C.47 Photographs. Four envelopes of photographs with identifications by Arkell. C.48 Plates. Envelope with three pasted-up plates for ‘Phil. Trans.’. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 42 Research C.49-C.84 BUILDING STONE 1938-1956 Arkell’s long-standing interest in the relations between underlying geological formations, landscape and human habitation was given additional impetus in 1937-1938 by his collaboration with L.H. Dudley Buxton, Bursar of Exeter College Oxford, in a report to the University on sources of material for repair and renovation of its buildings (see C.53). Little could be done to implement the report during the 1939-1945 war, but Arkell continued to be consulted by several colleges, and to seek information on the history of Oxford and local buildings and the quarries and methods used in their construction, drawing on archives, visits to quarries both working and disused, conversations with builders, architects and the surviving quarrymen, some aged, in the vicinity. L.H. Dudley Buxton had already commented on his collaborator in the 1938 report: ‘| have seldom come across anybody with such precise knowledge, and such an ability of setting his knowledge at the disposal of others. He seems to know by heart every quarry for at least 30 miles around Oxford’. Arkell’s knowledge, further augmented, led to the publication of The Geology of Oxford (OUP) and Oxford Stone (Faber and Faber), both 1947. Most of the material here refers to Oxford Stone, which became well-known and still features on desiderata lists. Its success led to several requests for lectures, and to ‘spin-off’ papers on building stones used in continuing correspondence. localities, other as well as to See E.93 for the only surviving drafts for The Geology of Oxford (part only) and a note about a proposed revision. The material at C.49-C.84 is of interest in adding footnotes to the history of university building at Oxford over the centuries, and as a socio-economicrecord of the industry in the surrounding area. It is presented as follows: C.49-C.52 Notebooks and notes C.53-C.64 Correspondence and papers 1938-1950 C.65-C.71 Oxford Stone information C.72-C.75 Correspondence and papers 1950-1956 C.76-C.84 Lectures and papers W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 43 Research Figures, drawings and photographs areat J.7-J.10. Figures and plates for the Geology of Oxford are at J.6. C.49-C.52 Notebooksand notes C.49-C.50 Two small pocket-sized notebooks. 1945-1948 1945, 1946 Notes of visits to buildings and quarries, alone or with builders and architects, on conversations with the latter, on the history of construction, quarrying and tools. Some of the correspondence at C.55, C.56 is exchanged with some of those involved, arranging or arising from visits. C.49 Small pocket-sized notebook. 1945, 1946 Includes R.J. Axtell Notes, some dated 1945, 1946. (director of building firm), R. Jones and S.H. Collett (quarry foremen), G.W. Simpson, Clerk of Works, etc. Also includes a note on E.J. Bowen’s experiment on traffic vibration at University College Oxford, reproduced and discussed in Oxford Stone pp.157-158. C.50 Small pocket-sized notebook. 1946 Notes, a few dated 1946. Includes S.H. Collett (quarry foreman), quarry), drawings of tools and their usage etc. (Taynton Swinford Lee, P. G. C.51 C.52 Arkell’s manuscript notes on the literature, a few dated 1946-1948. 1946-1948 Arkell’s typescript notes and reports on visits, July 1948. 1948 Clevely and Fulwell, Littlemore Croughton, Cumnor Includes Courtenay and Church, Wallingford and miscellaneous (Abingdon, Bradford on Avon, Great Coxwell, St Cross, Iffley). Church, Sutton W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 44 Research C.53-C.64 Correspondence and papers 1938-1950 C.53 C.54 C.55-C.56 C.55 sought Information and conversations, a few comments on Arkell’s book in manuscript and after publication. received, visits and_ Copy of the report by L.H. Dudley Buxton and Arkell on local building stone, 1 January, and a little related printed matter. 1938 Correspondence and notes on choice and supply of stone slates for principally of New College Oxford cloisters. roofing, 1939-1947 Includes suppliers, costings, visits and Arkell’s report, June 1939. Arkell’s Correspondence 1943-1944 on roofing tiles, from the ‘Committee for Expert Advice on the Maintenance of University Buildings’. in reflecting the changed circumstances of war: ‘I cannot afford to take on jobs gratis, since my 7-year Research fellowship at New College expired in 1940 and | hold no university appointment. | should be glad to undertake this work if the university attaches sufficient importance to it to retain me as adviser for an agreed stipend’. of interest reply is Resumedpost-war correspondenceon reroofing for New College cloisters, 1946-1947. building contractors, Correspondence with architects, craftsmen, and re arranging visits etc. Several of these visits are documented in the notebooks at C.49, C.50. Some refer to the records of firms, some of which arestill operating locally. In other cases quarries or businesses were defunct and only oral memory remained. In alphabetical order. are Benfield Correspondents Oxford; Cheltenham Factors (Cotswold slates); Clipsham Quarry Company; Collyweston Slates; T.H. Hughes, architects (repairs to Oxford buildings); P.R. Lee (Taynton stone at Blenheim). Loxley, & 1945, 1946 1945, 1946 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 C.56 45 1945, 1946 Research are Packer & Son, Stone Correspondents Cheltenham (Cotswold slates); G. Swinford; Symm & Company, Oxford (includes a note on Oxford building stones by R.J. Axtell, Company; Wooldridge & Simpson, Oxford; Thomas Worthington & Sons Arkell’s manuscripts by J.H. Worthington). and comments on (correspondence Tolley-Bladon Director); C.57-C.64 General correspondence with colleagues and individuals Arranged alphabetically. 1940s C.57 C.58 C.59 C.60 C.61 C.62 C.63 B-D E Includes material on the founding of ‘Men of the Stones’, and on advice sought from Arkell on repairs and maintenance at Eton College. Jope, W.E.M. 1946-1949 Detailed correspondence on building stone and on other papers and queries, some addressed from the London Hospital, where Jope was then working as a biochemist, some from his Oxford home and some from Queen’s University of Belfast where he held a post in the Departmentof Archaeology from 1949. L-P R-W Includes comments on Arkell’s draft by R.J. Schaffer (Building Research Institute). Shorter correspondence on films and photographs for the book 1946-1948 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 46 Research C.64 Original file cover containing items C.49-C.63. Retained for the list of 19th and 20th century Oxford architects compiled by Arkell on the inside cover. C.65-C.71 Oxford Stone information 1940s Contents of an envelopeso inscribed. Correspondence, notes, information on various Oxford colleges and buildings, including Arkell’s own manuscript notes and research, correspondencewith college Heads later bursars, of correspondence on is sometimes included. archivists repairs maintenance A little House, etc. and See also B.37. C.65-C.70 Various Oxford colleges and buildings. C.65 C.66 C.67 C.68 C.69 All Saints Church; All Souls; Old Ashmolean (now Museum of the History of Science); New Ashmolean (now Ashmolean Museum); Balliol; Bodleian Library; Brasenose. Campion Hall; Corpus Christi; Divinity School; Exeter; Hertford. Clarendon Church; Christ Building; Indian Institute; Jesus; Lincoln; Magdalen; Manchester; Mansfield; Martyrs Memorial; Merton. New College; Oriel; Pembroke; Playhouse Theatre; Post Office; Pusey House; Queen’s; Radcliffe Camera; Radcliffe Infirmary and Observatory; Radcliffe Science Library; Rhodes House. St. Anne’s; St. Catherine’s (in St. Aldate’s, now Faculty of Music); St. John’s; St. Mary’s Church; St. Peter’s Hall; St. Philip and St. James’ Church; Examination Schools; Sheldonian Theatre; Somerville. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 47 C.70 C.71 Research TownHall; Trinity; University College; University Museum; University Press; Wadham; Windsor Castle; Worcester. Miscellaneous notes; plan of book reads ‘Search begun 3 Book sent to Faber & Faber August 1946. Dec 1945. Page proofs April of photographsand figures; notes of talks with masons. Index May 1947’; 1947. list C.72-C.75 Correspondenceand papers 1950-1956 C.72 Correspondence with W.E.M. Jope re visits, exchange and identification of specimens. 1950-1956 Includes copies of some of Jope’s publications sent to Arkell, notably his article on ‘Saxon Oxford and its region’. Also included are 6pp manuscript pencil notes in Jope’s hand, headed ‘Unprinted notes by the late H.E. Sutton’, transcribed from papers of 1681 in Oxford University Archives, giving testimonies of stone-masons on college buildings, costings, repairs etc. C.73 Correspondence with Oxford colleagues and officers on the restoration of the Sheldonian Theatre. 1954, 1955 Arkell was invited to attend the Committee on Expert Advice, but was unable to do so and gave advice byletter. C.74 General correspondence. 1950-1956 Information, advice sought and received from professional colleagues, local historians etc. C.75 Miscellaneous printed matter press-cuttings, publication notices and Relating to building stones and their history. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.76-C.84 Lectures and papers C.76 ‘Oxford Stone Talk’. 48 1947-1950 1947, 1951 to and various societies: lecture to Notes, introductory paragraphs, photographs and notes; Oxford invitations 1947; Architectural Geographical Oxford University Archaeological Bristol Geological Club, February 1947; Oxford Preservation Trust, May 1951. Society, June 1947; Society, October January 1947; Association, Historical C.77 ‘Rutland Stone’, Leicestershire and Rutland Magazine, Leicester, vol 1, 1948. 1948 Arkell was asked to write an article for the first number of this new magazine. Correspondence, manuscript and typescript drafts, anda cartoon ‘Sure of a welcomeby the Clipsham Quarry Co.... by W.J. Arkell’ with a page reference to the magazine. C.78-C.82 C.78 C.79 C.80 ‘The building stones of Blenheim Palace, Cornbury Park, Glympton Oxfordshire’, Oxoniensia vols. 13, 1948, and 16, 1952. Heythrop House, Park and 1948-1951 Correspondence and papers from colleagues, architects estate and quarry workers, reports of visits to quarries and workings. 1946, 1948 Includes memorandum of a visit to Heythrop and Glympton quarries, 26 June 1948, continuing correspondence on the history of Blenheim Palace stone chiefly with D. Green and L. Whistler. Also one letter 1946. Correspondence with D. Green and L. Whistler re their writings on Blenheim Palace; includes Arkell’s 4pp ‘Notes on the geological map of Blenheim’, December 1949, prepared for Green. Correspondence and papers from colleagues, architects estate and quarry workers, reports of visits to quarries and workings. 1949 1951 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Includes correspondence with Green, and a visit to Blenheim which caused Arkell to add a correction to his 1948 paper. Correspondence re the geological map of Blenheim drawn byArkell for Green’s bookis also included (see C.82). C.81 Draft of paper. 9pp typescript, with corrections, of Arkell’s paper for Oxoniensia vol 13; 2pp typescript additional note based on Green’s information, dated 5 August 1951, to be published in Oxoniensia vol 16 (notlisted in Bibliography). C.82 ‘Geological map of Blenheim Palace and Woodstock’, 27 November 1949. C.83-C.84 ‘The future of English building-stones’, Endeavour, vol. 9, 1950. C.83 Editorial correspondence and draft. The draft is typescript and manuscript. Includedis an invitation to write a ‘not unsimilar’ article for The Field. Arkell accepted but there are no drafts and no other article is listed in the Bibliography. 49 1949 1950 C.84 Correspondence arising from Arkell’s building stones. publications on 1950 C.85-C.90 DORSET TECTONICS 1935-1938 Contents of a folder so inscribed. Arkell published several papers on the Dorset coast with special reference to the Purbeck and Ridgeway faults, 1935-1939. No drafts for these survive, but see E.79, E.83, E.88-E.92, in addition to the correspondence and references in the folders below. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research 50 1935-1938 C.85 C.86 papers, Correspondence with mainly Faults, Purbeck, published in Geol. Mag. vols 73 and 74 (1936, 1937), and also on Mesozoic and Cainozoic folding, 1936. colleagues on Arkell’s Ridgeway and Ballard on Paper by Arkell on the tectonics of Lulworth, published in Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. vol. 94 (1938). 1937, 1938 Correspondence and referee’s comments on Arkell’s paper, with Arkell’s reductions and alterations to the draft. C.87 Researchnotesetc. Extensive notes and measurements by Arkell relating to the Lulworth area, with reference to the work of Sir A. Strahan which Arkell disputed vigorously in his paper. See also J.35. C.88 Correspondence with H.J. Osborne White, January 1936- March 1937. 1936-1937 conducted further of White chalk exposures of the Ridgeway fault at Arkell’s request and expense in 1936. examination the Includes White’s ‘Notes on certain exposures of the chalk...’ (87pp, 8 figures), September, November 1936. C.89 Diagrams and drawings for figures. Most with descriptions, instructions to printer etc. C.90 Photographs. Photographs mounted up, with descriptions, for plates for 1938 paper on tectonic problems of the Lulworth district. 1930s 1930s W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 51 Research C.91-C.114 EGYPT 1926-1951 In 1926 Arkell, then aged 22 but already establishing a reputation for his work on Corallian rocks, was invited by K.S. Sandford to join him in a survey of the traces of Palaeolithic Man along the Nile Valley and environs. The survey was organised by the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (Director J.H. Breasted). Sandford was appointed Field his research assistant (later Research Associate, see C.103). The work occupied four winter seasons from 1926 to 1930 and resulted in four major publications as well as regular reports. Director and Arkell In October 1930 Arkell unexpectedly resigned on the grounds of pressure and unspecified other commitments. The decision took everyone by surprise. Arkell’s letters to Sandford at the time do not survive, but Sandford’s own letters indicate real distress, and affection (C.104). There seemsto have been nostrife between them and Sandford continuedto write in the friendliest terms to ‘Jos’, and their joint publications continued to appear. uneasy preliminaries This is the only Egyptian travel documented in the collection, though Arkell paid several later visits and published an independent paper on North African rock In 1950-1951, after paintings and drawings in 1936. lengthy with Egyptian academic and official authorities he was able to arrange a trip to Wadi Araba in the eastern desert to search (unsuccessfully) for samples of rocks previously reported there. The result was published in Geol. Mag. Lond vol. 88, 1951. During this visit Arkell accepted an invitation 75th anniversary of the Royal Geographical Society of Egypt and the inauguration of the Fouad | Desert Institute (C.110). negotiations meeting in celebration of the and to a The material is presented as follows: C.91-C.102 Notebooks and notes C.103-C.111 Correspondence and papers, 1926-1951 C.112-C.114 Figures and drawings Other plates and photographs are held in the Oxford University Museum of Natural History. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.91-C.102 Notebooksand notes C.91 Pocket sized notebook. Used as vocabulary notebook. 52 1927-1930, nd 1927-1929 C.92 Pocket-sized notebook. 1927-1928 Various notes on geological observations, expeditions, diagrams of strata. At rear of book, notes and lists of photographs taken. Some dated January 1927-January 1928. C.93 C.94 C.95 Notes on the literature of Egyptian geology; 1p notes on ‘Recent shells, season 1926-1927’. c 1927 Manuscript notes on theliterature (1p dated ‘Cairo January 1929’). ‘Notes on Egyptian fossils’. 12pp manuscript so titled. 1929 Nd 1927 C.96 ‘Geological notes’. Expedition notes, observations and measurements, 13 January - 24 March 1927. C.97 ‘Faiyum notes’. c 1929 Expedition notes, observations and measurements, 22 January-12 February [year not indicated]. Related to papers with Sandford, 1929 C.98 ‘Report’. Nd Investigations into an abri or rock shelter used by an early workman in alabaster, 2pp. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.99 ‘Geological report on ancient habitation site, Fayum’ 2pp. C.100 Miscellaneous notes and papers. 53 Nd 1930 Miscellaneous Prehistoric and historic changes in ‘Observations madein February 1930’. diagrams and observations on level’ and notes, Nile C.101 Miscellaneous notes and papers. c 1928 Notes, observations and measurements of Nile terraces, related to paper co-authored with Sandford, 1928, and other miscellaneous notes including a history of Egypt in the nineteenth century. C.102 Geological map of the Faiyum depression. Based on a report of 1905, with manuscript notes and amendments by Arkell. C.103-C.111 Correspondence and papers C.103 Correspondence and papers. 1926-1951 1926-1930 Chiefly with Sandford and Breasted (Director, Oriental Institute, Chicago) re Arkell’s appointment, conditions and salary as Assistant and later Research Associate in the Institute’s Prehistoric Survey. Includes little correspondence on expedition charts and findings. C.104 Letters re Arkell’s resignation from the Survey. 1930, 1931 Sandford’s letters of 24 and 30 September are on practical division of survey work between him and Arkell. On 6 October he writes ‘| am glad you have decided to come’, continuing with practical plans. On 7 October he writes ‘Your letter just received is a very sad one for both ofus... after your last cheering letter, there is obviously something so big that it outweighs all our hopes and cheerful plans...our personal friendship will not be in any way W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 54 Research changed’. He concludes ‘This is the most unhappyletter | have written for many a day’. Arkell’s heavily corrected draft for his letter of resignation to Breasted (undated) explains that ‘My commitments at home have recently increased to such an extent that | feel bound to devote more time to them than is compatible with my continuing as a member of the Prehistoric Survey’. Also included are continuing friendly letters from Sandford in Egypt, 1931, on expeditions, findings and publications. C.105 Correspondence. 1929-1933 Re Arkell’s and Sandford’s reports and papers for the Institute, including review and complimentary lists. C.106 Correspondencewith O.H. Little. 1936, 1937 Re publications and findings. Little was Director of the Geological Survey of Egypt, Cairo. C.107 Correspondence and papers exchanged with A.J. Arkell (cousin), and Anthropology, Education Department, Sudan Government. Commissioner for Archaeology 1936-1950 Includes drawings of rock pictures discovered by A.J. Arkell and sent to Arkell in 1936; wartime airmail letters, 1944; paper by A.J. Arkell and G. Andrew on artefacts found in the Sudan, 1942; miscellaneous reports and articles on the prehistory and history of the Sudan (see also A.20). C.108 Standard Oil Company Geological Report. 1946 Report on Abu Roash Well, Western desert, by James G. White, sent to Arkell. C.109-C.111 Correspondence and papers. 1948-1951 Chiefly relating to Arkell’s attempt to arrange an expedition to the Red Sea Hills and other areas of the Eastern desert to examine Jurassic rocks and to search for Lower Liassic W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 55 Research rocks previously reported at Wadi Araba. See Memoir pp 5-6 and Arkell’s paper in Geol. Mag. Lond. vol. 88, 1951. C.109 Correspondence and papers. 1948, 1949 Preliminary correspondence re a request to the Royal Society for help in organising the expedition, including Arkell’s statement of the purpose of the investigation for ‘Fossils from Wadi Um Rockham in the Red SeaHills, Egypt’, 3 May 1949. C.110 Correspondence and papers. 1950 Principally with geological colleagues. Included are the invitation and travel arrangements for Arkell to attend the 75th anniversary celebrations of the Royal Geographical Society of Egypt and the inauguration of the Fouad | Desert Institute, with Arkell’s brief speech at its opening. C.111 Correspondence and papers. 1951 re the despatch, identification and return of Chiefly Arkell’s specimens sent from Egypt, and publications. letter to the Secretary, Royal Society, 12 February, sets out succinctly the work accomplished on his expedition to Wadi Araba. Includes comments on the draft of Arkell’s Wadi Araba paper and other publications. C.112-C.114 Figures and drawings Early 1930s Most of this material refers to the rock pictures found in Egypt and Nubia and usedin the collaborative papers with Sandford ‘Palaeolithic man and the Nile valley in Nubia and Upper Egypt’, Oriental Inst. Publ. Chicago vols 17 (1933) and 18 (1934). C.112 Original pencil drawings, February 1930. 1930 Abu Made workmanship etc. at Simbel, with comments. on_ tools, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 56 Research C.113 Reproductions of the drawings. 1930s On several different scales and media, most signed ‘WJA’, probably madefor the publications. C.114 Miscellaneous landscapes. photographs of fossils and desert 1930s Some with comments on verso. C.115-C.116 FULLER’S EARTH C.115 Correspondence. 1952-1956 1950-1952 with Bradley on Chiefly proposed excavation to expose Dorset Fuller's Earth, and re choice of site (Whetley [Whatley], Somerset) and costings. Sylvester P.C. Arkell’s note of a visit to the site is included. C.116 Correspondence. 1953-1956 Chiefly with F. Hodson, Reading University, re ammonites from Fullers rock, Whatley, Frome, Somerset, including lists of specimens and identifications, and re a visit to the site. Earth Arkell’s report on Whatley Ammonites [October 1955] is included. C.117-C.122 LIAS AMMONITES 1949-1955 Contents of a folder so inscribed. drafts, bibliographical Correspondence, references, detailed discussions on nomenclature and classification of ammonites. Much of the correspondence is with D.T. Donovan (Bristol University). There are also exchanges with other colleagues and with F. Hemming, Secretary of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research modifying in the Bulletin of nomenclature Arkell published a large number of proposals for defining or the Commission during and after 1951, mainly arising from his work on the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (see E.162-E.193). There are notes and drafts included here which may relate Arkell’s correspondence with Donovan is characterised by periods of intense activity (letters or cards being exchanged almost daily when a particular matter wasin hand). submissions. to these Though most of the correspondenceis in typescript, both men would write in longhand and on small postcards from time to time. is therefore not Arkell’s side of the correspondenceis further complete. complicated by his using for the carbon copies sheets of manuscript or typescript paper from earlier papers The record, though full, See also H.11, H.12. C.117 Correspondence and papers, January - June 1949. C.118 Correspondenceand papers. Includes Arkell’s submission to the Commission on the genus Ammonites Brugiére, species Ammonites angulatum Schlotheim, and the genera Schlotheima, and comments on a paper on nomenclature of Liassic ammonites by O.H. Haas. the C.119 Correspondence and papers. C.120 C.121 Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers. 57 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 C.122 Correspondenceand papers. 1954, 1955 Arkell’s letter of 27 June 1954 refers to his being ‘saddled with the Jurassic for the Lexicon of Stratigraphy’ (see E.194-E.196). W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 58 Research C.123-C.124 NATURE RESERVES 1944-1953 Arkell served as oneof the Local Geographical Advisers to the Geological Reserves Sub-committee of the Nature Reserves Investigations Committee. Its report ‘National Geological Reserves in England and Wales’ was published in September 1945. C.123 Correspondence andpapers. 1944-1953 Arkell’s| manuscript for Includes reserves in Oxfordshire and Dorset, press commenton the published report, continuing correspondence and advice to 1953, and a copyof the 1945 report. recommendations C.124 Correspondence with The New Naturalist. 1948-1950 Arkell was invited to contribute an illustrated article for the 1949 volume. He sent an article ‘Geological Reserves and Monuments’ with specially taken photographs (drafts included), but publication of the journal was suspended andthe article did not appear. C.125-C.155 PALAEOLITHS 1943-1949 to Arkell’s work on prehistory, This substantial collection of notes and correspondence relates special reference to the Thames Valley. The material was keptin several bindersor folders, notall titled, and this separation has been respected although some overlap in topics and correspondents hasinevitably ensued. with of the the majority exchanges Though with professional colleagues or editors, some of the work derives from the activities of amateur collectors or from quarrymen. This is particularly relevant in the case of Llewellyn Treacher and his collection (see C.148-C.155 and note); but other letters also show Arkell in touch with field workers often in humble positions. are Most of the correspondence is incoming only, often on small-format writing paper or postcards. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 59 Research The material is presented as follows: C.125-C.147 Correspondence and papers, 1943-1947 C.148-C.155 The Treacher collection, 1948-1949 C.125-C.147 Correspondenceand papers 1943-1947 Contents of a ring-back binder with many loose pages inserted. The binder was untitled, but the material deals with mainly on Pleistocene rocks and on palaeoliths from the Oxford and ThamesValley regions. research, meetings and publications, of subject-matter with overlap the the Much correspondents under ‘Palaeoliths’ (C.146, C.147) and ‘Mrs Treacher’ (C.148- C.155) and should be consulted in conjunction with them. Arkell’s principal correspondent, with whom he was on friendly terms, was K.P. Oakley. and those many listed of Some of the material dates from the period of the Second World War and there are referencesto Arkell’s poor health and alsoto that of his wife. It is the more astonishing that he maintained so active a presence in research and publication as is documented by the correspondence The principal publications referred to in this correspondence are: Pleisocene ‘The Cornwall’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol. 54 (1943). Trebetherick rocks at Point, north ‘Palaeolith from gravels archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag. vol. 50 (1943). at Sutton Benger, Wiltshire ‘Palaeoliths from the Wallingford fan-gravels’, Oxoniensia vol. 8-9 (1945). ‘Three Oxfordshire palaeoliths and their significance for Pleistocene correlation’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. (1945). ‘The geology of the Evenlode gorge, Oxfordshire’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol. 58 (1947). (See also E.94, E.95). Other publications are referred to in later folders at C.143- C.147. C.125 Arkell’s manuscript notes on the literature. 1940s W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 60 Research C.126 Arkell’s notes. 1943, 1945 Notes on palaeoliths inspected in the University Museum, Pitt Rivers and Ashmolean Museums, April-May 1943, and on Ewelme Palaeoliths in the Pitt Rivers and Ashmolean Museums, September 1943 (referred to in correspondence with K.P. Oakley); diagram of ‘Early Pleistocene Deposits’ and 3pp correlation diagrams of London Basin and Oxford, one described ‘Fantasy dated March 1945’. C.127 Two short manuscript notes by Arkell. Nd Notes entitled ‘Stratigraphical terminology’ and ‘Alternative hypothesis to account for the Wolvercote Channel’. C.128-C.142 Correspondence. 1943-1947 C.128 H. Breuil. Oneletter only. W.B.R. King. F.H.S. Knowles. A.D. Lacaille. C.129 C.130 C.131 Nd 1945 1943, 1945 1943-1946 Includes references to the Treacher collection. C.132-C.134 K.P. Oakley. 1943- 1947 Detailed, very frequent letters and cards, almost all longhand, March 1943-February 1947. replies, which must have been equally frequent, survive. in Few of Arkell's Oakley was one of the small number of people, other than lifelong friends, with whom Arkell was on Christian name terms. There are some personal referencesto visits and to Arkell’s health, as well as professional discussions of correlation theory, the stratigraphy and prehistory of the Thames Valley, comments on draft papersetc. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.132 Correspondence. 61 1943 C.133 Correspondence. 1944-1945 Includes reference to the Chair of Geology at University College London, which Arkell declined (see A.8), and his ‘Memorandum on an excursion in the Moreton Gap with K.P. Oakley, 22 July 1945’. C.134 Correspondence. 1946-1947 Includes memorandum on ‘Pipes in the Hanborough Terrace gravel’ by R.H. Cunningham, and reference to the arrival of the Treacher collection at the University Museum Oxford. Oakley’s last letter in the sequence (1 February 1947) is from Nairobi where he was working with Leakey. C.135 C.136 T.K. Penniman. 1943 D.F.W.B. Powell. 1944, 1945 Detailed comments on Arkell’s papers. C.137 K.S. Sandford. C.138 L.D. Stamp. 1945 1944 C.139 M.E. Tomlinson. 1943-1946 Includes Tomlinson’s notes on correlation of the Thames terraces and on Arkell’s ‘Memorandum of a visit to some sections in the Upper Evenlode valley with Dr M.E. Tomlinson, 29 Sept. 1945’. C.140 M.S. Treacher. 1943 Correspondence on the assembling and content of the Treacher collection, August - October 1943. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 62 Research In her letter of 24 August(the first she wrote to Arkell) Mrs Treacher writes: ‘My husband’s palaeoliths are not at Reading. They are still here, | am giving them to the Br[itish] Museum’. For the continuation of the correspondence see C.152- C.154. C.141 H.J.O. White. 1943-1946 Detailed discussion on Thames gravels and on the Treacher collection. See also C.155. C.142 Miscellaneous shorter correspondence. 1943, 1945 C.143-C.145 ‘Wallingford Palaeoliths’. 1943-1946 Contents of a folder so inscribed. Material re Arkell’s paper ‘Palaeoliths from the Wallingford fan-gravels’, Oxoniensia, vol. 8-9 (1945). Included at C.143 are drafts of the paper. C.143 Brief editorial correspondence; 15pp manuscript and 17pp typescript drafts. 1943-1946 ‘In July and September Arkell’s introduction explains: 1943, through the generosity of Mr William Newton of Benson, the Ashmolean Museum acquired 12 splendid palaeoliths... They had been found between 1924 and 1941 by Mr Ernest Town, a gravel worker...In October Mrs LI. Treacher generously sent 4 more specimens from her late husband’s collection, at least two of them also found by Mr Townin 1926’. C.144 Correspondence including Newton whosigns himself ‘Bill of Benson (to his pals)’. letters three from William A later note by Arkell reads ‘Letter from E. Town dated 2 Jan 1948 says Wm Newton is dead’. C.145 Arkell’s drawings for the paper. 1943, 1946 c 1943 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 63 Research C.146-C.147 ‘Palaeoliths’. 1945-1950 Contents of a file so inscribed. Correspondence and papers relating to publications by Arkell. C.146 ‘A palaeolith from Sherborne’, Proc. Dorset nat. Hist. Fld Cl., vol. 68 (1947) 1945-1950 Correspondencewith the journal re publication and with J. Fowler, an amateur geologist from Sherborne who had first-hand knowledge of the discovery of the hand-axe described; Arkell’s paper; a little continuing correspondence on Somersetpalaeoliths. proof of C.147 ‘A palaeolith from the Hanborough Terrace’, Oxoniensia, vol. 10 (1948). 1940s Draft and correspondenceetc with E.D. Sedding who had obtained the hand-axe in 1938 from a gravel-worker at Long Hanborough, Oxfordshire. C.148-C.155 The Treacher Collection 1946-1949 Contents correspondence’. of a_ folder inscribed ‘Mrs Treacher correspondence The laconic title, though not incorrect, extends to notes and with colleagues and museums as well as with Mrs Treacher herself. years over several and Arkell’s correspondence with Mrs Treacher had begun in 1943 (see C.140) shortly after the death of her husband Llewellyn Treacher (1859-1943), a schoolmaster and self- taught palaeontologist who had acquired an extensive collection and considerable reputation among professional colleagues for his writings and wide knowledge of the Middle Thames Valley. Her correspondencewith Arkell at C.152-C.154 (few of letters survive) give detailed accounts of the assembling of the collection, with extracts from her and her husband’s diaries and recollections of the dates and places of finds, and of Llewellyn Treacher’s disposal of some artefacts. In 1946 Mrs Treacher offered the Middle Thames Valley palaeoliths to the University Museum Oxford (now Oxford University Museum of his W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 64 Research In 1947 she, Arkell Natural History), where they remain. and K.P. Oakley gave papers to the Prehistoric Society which were published (Proc. prehist. Soc. 1948) as ‘On the ancient channel of the Thames between Caversham and Henley, Oxfordshire, and its contained flint implements’. The ancient Mrs Treacher was responsible for ‘Part |. channel... and Oakley and Arkell The implements in the Treacher collection’. ‘Part for Il. A file of correspondence, 1946-1984, is held at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, relating to the deposit of the Treacher collection, and subsequent visits by researchers. It includes Mrs Treacher’s letter of 27 February 1946 offering to the Museum ‘my husband’s collection of palaeoliths from the Middle Thames Valley (Reading to Slough).’ An accountof the collection, and of the Treachers, can be found in Shelley Cranshaw: ‘Handaxes and Cleavers’, BAR British Series 113 (1983). Maps, figures and plates for publications on palaeoliths are at J.11. C.148 Notes by Arkell. Includes 7pp manuscript ‘Memoranda for your note on Typology’, n.d. C.149-C.155 Correspondence. C.149 K.P. Oakley. 1946-1949 1946-1949 Letters and cards, mostly from 1946, re the Treacher collection, arrangements for meeting, publication etc, and re palaeoliths and nomenclature. Incoming letters only. C.150 Prehistoric Society. 1946, 1947 On the Society's meeting, May 1947, and publication of the Treacher, Arkell and Oakley papers. A copy of the publication is enclosed. W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 Research C.151 Reading Museum. 65 1946 Correspondence, notes and recordsof visits, with special reference near Reading, arising from Arkell’s paper ‘Palaeoliths from the Wallingford fan-gravels, Oxoniensia vol. 8-9 (1945). from Turners palaeoliths Court, to C.152-C.154 M.S. Treacher. 1946-1949 C.152 Correspondence, January - October 1946. 1946 Includes arrangements for the transfer of the Treacher collection to Oxford and arrangements for Mrs Treacher’s paperat the Prehistoric Society meeting. C.153 Correspondence, November - December 1946. 1946 Mrs on_ Treachers Includes her husband’slife and work, and a manuscript draft of Arkell’s note on the Treacher collection (Oxoniensia vol. 11-12, (1948)). manuscript notes C.154 Correspondence. 1947-1949 Includes manuscript and notes by Mrs Treacher on Toots Farm pit near Reading with earlier notes by Llewellyn Treacher. Mrs Treacher’s letter of 4 August 1948 refers to her husband’s dispersal of some of his palaeoliths and also to the work of his family in building or repairing Thames bridges. C.155 H.J. Osborne White. 1946-1948 See also C.141. C.156 PURBECKIAN 1953, 1954 Contents ofa file so inscribed. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 66 Research C.156 Correspondence and notes, mainly with German and Swiss colleagues, on loans and identification of samples of ammonites in Purbeckian rocks in connection with Arkell’s Jurassic Geology of the World. C.157 RINGSTEADIA 1937, nd C.157 Contents of a file so inscribed, with a manuscript note ‘Returned from Cambridge 1968’. Notes on the literature and on specimens studied in museums at Devizes, Wiltshire, and Le Havre 1937; part of a draft, perhaps for a paper; photographs, plates and drawings from Arkell’s own collection. C.158-C.167 STRATIGRAPHICAL TERMINOLOGY 1946-1956 Drafts, notes and correspondencerelating to publications by Arkell and to the Sub-commission on Stratigraphic Terminology of the International Geological Congress. C.158-C.162 ‘Stages and Zones’ 1946-1956 Contents of a folder so inscribed. re Arkell’s paper ‘Standard of the European Material Jurassic’ Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer. vol. 57 (1946). In his paper Arkell advocated the setting-up of a Commission on Stratigraphical the Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, and proposed a draft Code of Rules. Nomenclature model on the of The Subcommission was set up at the 19th International Geological Congress in 1954. Arkell was not a member, apparently by oversight (see C.166). C.158 Notes byArkell. Nd Notes on the literature; draft charts of geological stages and zones. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 67 Research C.159 Notes, drafts and correspondence. 1944, 1945 and_ Notes correspondence with Arkell’s paper. drafts on R.V. Russian in Melville methodology; preparation for C.160 Material relating to the publication of Arkell’s 1946 paper. 1944-1946 Correspondence and comments; Arkell’s forwarding letter explaining the importance of the subject and his choice of an American journal; publication arrangements; drafts of tables; correspondencefollowing publication. A copy of the published paper is included. C.161 Correspondenceetc. 1952-1954 Includes requests for information, chiefly on continental Jurassic ammonites. C.162 Correspondenceetc. 1955, 1956 Correspondence, discussions, memorandum on zones, mainly with D.T. Donovan, J.H. Callomon and M.R. House. with C.163-C.166 ‘Stratigraphical Sub-committee’. 1955-1957 Contents of file so inscribed. relating Material on stratigraphic procedures and terminology’, Amer. J. Sci. vol. 254 (1956). ‘Comments Arkell’s paper to C.163 Correspondence etc and draft. 1955 draft Typescript correspondence and comments from colleagues, amended pagesof the draft. manuscript corrections; with with C.164 Editorial correspondence. 1955, 1956 Arkell offered the paper ‘on a matter of much concern to palaeontologists and stratigraphers’ to the Journal of W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 68 Research Paleontology which sent it on to the American Association of Petroleum Geologists for publication in their Bulletin. After some changesit appeared in the American Journal of Science. C.165 Correspondence and drafts. 1957 drafts of Arkell’s Manuscript and typescript ‘Further comments on stratal terms’, a rejoinder to a paper by O.H. It was suggested that Arkell should let the Schindewolf. matter drop rather than continue the controversy. A revised version was sent and accepted for publication in the American Journal of Science but is not listed in the Bibliography. C.166 C.167 Correspondence and papers re the Subcommission on Stratigraphic Terminology. 1956 Includes a copy of the Subcommission’s Circular no. 3 filled in and discussed by Arkell. ‘Jurassic ammonite terms dealt with by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature’. c 1958 Manuscript and typescript drafts and miscellaneous notes. This is Arkell’s last work. The original envelope (attached) carries a manuscript note: ‘Ms typed just before Arkell’s death [1958]. C.W. Wright suggests that since the C.Z.N. are about to publish such a list of names, the publication of this paper would be superfluous.’ C.168-C.183 WELLS, QUARRIES, BOREHOLES 1924-1956 This comprises a wide range of material, some initiated by Arkell in the course of his research but mainly arising from enquiries made to him by mining, drilling and construction companies concerning work in hand or the determining of strata and specimens uncovered by work in progress. Several of the folders include annotated maps andcharts, or borehole logs, some antedating the correspondence. Most of the work relates to the regions of southern England: Dorset, Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire. It is W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 69 Research presented for convenience in chronological order, though Arkell’s interests, and his family connections at Highworth, Wiltshire, took him repeatedly back to the sameareas, the more so as his acknowledged expertise led to requests from local companies. C.168 ‘Wells’. 1924, 1925 Contents of an envelope soinscribed. Correspondence, information and charts of wells, strata, water-levels Includes stratigraphic charts by Arkell. Wiltshire various sites. at C.169 Papers relating to various sites. 1933, 1934 Highworth, Swindon water supply, 1933; Abingdon water supply, 1933; boring at Newton Longville, Wiltshire (for New College Oxford), 1934. 1933; boring at Shrivenham, Wiltshire, C.170 ‘Portsdown & Henfield’. 1936, 1937 Contents of an envelope so inscribed. identifications; Correspondence extensive borehole logs at Portsdown, Hampshire, and Henfield, Sussex. specimens’ and_ on_ C.171 Correspondence, reports and drilling Dorset boreholes at sites at Broad Bench, Ringstead Bay, Poxwell etc sent to Arkell (some with comments by him), and re arrangementsfor visits etc. logs of 1936, 1937 Only one of Arkell’s memoranda, on Kimeridge clay, survives (4 July 1937). C.172 Maps, charts anddrilling logs of various Dorset localities 1937 Identified and dated, manyrelating to the reports in C.171. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 70 Research C.173 Correspondence and borehole logs of boreholes in the Farringdon, Berkshire, area. 1938, 1939 C.174 Identifications of Dorset Kimeridge Clay ammonites. C.175 Lechlade and Ashbury. Papers re advice on flooding at Lechlade, 1940; papers re analysis of sands and a borehole at Ashbury, 1940. 1939 1940 C.176 Papers relating to wells and boreholes at various sites in Wiltshire. 1940, 1947 Almost all 1940. Including Highworth, Sevenhampton and South Marston. Pen Hill, Purton, Kingsdown, C.177 C.178 C.179 Papers relating to borings and strata at East Challow, Shellingford and Coleshill. 1941, 1942 Papers Shrivenham, Wiltshire. relating to advice on water supplies near 1942, 1943 Correspondence engineering firms. with Geological Survey and with 1942-1945 Re Oxfordshire sites at Bletchingdon, Milton Common, Combe and Charlbury. Includes some earlier reports and observations, 1922, 1934, sent to Arkell. C.180 Papers relating Sevenhampton, Wiltshire. to water supplies at Highworth and 1943 C.181 Papersrelating to borehole at Challow, Wiltshire. 1945 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 Research C.182 Papers relating to identification of Jurassic ammonites in East Yorkshire boreholes. C.183 Papersrelating to Portland stone. 71 1955 1956 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 72 SECTION D LECTURES,D.1-D.8 c 1930-1945 Arkell was appointed Lecturer at New College Oxford in 1929 and Senior Research Fellow of the College in 1933. His research interests were always predominant and the terms of his appointmentleft him free to pursue them. He had no obligation to deliver statutory courses in the College or University, though it is clear that he did so. Nevertheless, the remaining material is scanty anddifficult to ascribe or date. It appears to belong to the 1930s. The manuscript draft at D.6 may be the only fully written out text for an extended course. Occasional lectures by Arkell, for example on building stone, are listed with the relevant research material elsewhere. D.1 Black spring-back binder inscribed ‘Geological notes. W.J. Arkell New College’. c 1930 Extensive typescript and manuscript notes, and notes on the literature, with some diagrams and drawings and some intercalated pages. Topics include ‘Cosmic theory and mountain building’, ‘Igneous geology’, ‘Origin and evolution of life’, ‘Historical geology’. At rear of book, pagesI-III of headings for a lecture course, dated 23 October 1930, and pp. of examination questions on various aspects of geology, nd. I-VI On last Rhapsody’. page, a humorous poem ‘Palaeontological D.2-D.4 Material found loose in D.1. D.2 D.3 D.4 Bibliographyandlist of slides for lectures. 1930s Examination questions. December 1936 - April 1937. 1936-1937 Manuscript draft for ‘Chapter 2. The oldest rocks’. 3pp only. 73 Nd 1930s- 1940s W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 D.5 Lectures of notes, Folder Geology’ and inside Douglas’ Notes)’. inscribed ‘Stratigraphical ‘W.J. Arkell. New College. (J.A. cover on 22pp typescript notes for a lecture course, with extensive manuscript additions by Arkell. D.6 Black spring-back binder, no inscription. ‘Syllabus for Hilary and Trinity Terms’. Extensive manuscript and typescript notes for a course on ‘Tectonic Geology’ to be given in three parts: ‘Tectonics and the surface of the Earth’, ‘The mountain systems’ and ‘Theinterior of the Earth’. Includes drawings and diagrams, notes on the literature, and a typescript draft review by Arkell of a book by H. Stille on the American Cordilleras, with a manuscript note ‘Geol. Mag. 1937, May’ (notlisted in Bibliography)’. Some reprints and notes of Geological Society meetings 1935, 1943, 1944 are tucked in at the rear of the binder. See also D.8. D.7 ‘Geological Mapping’, with a manuscript note by Arkell ‘Copy of J.A. Douglas’s notes, Aug. 1945’. 1945 9pp typescript, found as loose pagesin D.6. D.8 ‘Lectures on Tectonic Geology’. 1930s Manuscript of the Introduction ‘Aims and methods of tectonics’ and section of ‘Geosynclines and Geanticlines’ of Part | of the extended course preserved in note form at D.6. (only) 1 See also D.6. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 74 SECTION E PUBLICATIONS, E.1-E.210 1926-1958 Arkell’s first publication (E.1) dates from 1926 when he was 22 and newly graduated. His flow of work continued unabated, hardly slackened by the 1939-1945 wartime years, until his death. Its range includes relatively short papers usually on aspects of the geological formations of southern England, to more extensive work on stratigraphy and palaeontology and massive monographs on the Jurassic systems of Great Britain and the World, thefirst of these magisterial volumes being published in 1933 when he wasstill in his twenties, the last shortly before he died. Posthumous work continued to appear (see E.194-E.196). is as far as_ possible material presented in The chronological order of publication. It may include full manuscript drafts in Arkell’s flowing longhand, revised proofs, correspondence, research or field notes which sometimes antedate publication by several years, figures, maps and photographs, almost always his own work. The correspondence is exchanged with academic colleagues, professional geologists working in mining or surveying, and also frequently with amateur collectors, antiquarians and membersof local history societies in whose journals many of his shorter papers were published. There is material on the research and preparation of the major monographs but very little correspondence surviving about their publication history. The exception is the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, 1957, published by the Geological Society of Arkell’s America and contribution to is fully recorded at E.162-E.193. University Kansas this major international Press; project of Notall Arkell’s publications are documented so lavishly, or at all. Sometimes only brief correspondence, or drawings and plates survive. Several apparently unpublished drafts were found and arelisted at E.197-E.210. Other proposed papers remainedin draft or with related correspondence or research notes both in this and in other sections of the collection. A full list of these unpublished works appearsin the introduction to this catalogue. Plates, drawings andother illustrative material are retained when theyare integral with the text and correspondence. Other plates and drawings, especially those in large format, are in section J. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Correspondence arising from Arkell’s two papers on Corallian lamellibranch fauna, Geol. Mag. Lond. vol 63 (1926), May - December 1926. E.14 E.2-E.3 E.2 E.3 E.4 E.5-E.14 75 1926 ‘The Corallian rocks of Oxford, Berks. and North Wilts.’, Phil. Trans. B, vol. 216 (1927). 1922-1927 Black spring-back binder of photographs and charts of ammonites. 1922-1927 pencil Almost all from Arkell’s own collections, with identifications and localities, mainly 1925, 1926. Also included is a page of sandy clay...Kingsdown Wilts. Sept. 1922’. Several loose pages of photographs are inserted at the front including one of Arkell himself. drawings ‘Bivalves black from of The binder also contains correspondence 1926-1927 with officers of the Royal Society, with W.J Sollas and others about the paper, which had been submitted by Sollas and was considered ‘a very heavy one’. It was returned in March 1927 requesting ‘really drastic reduction in bulk’. It is not clear whether, or to what extent, Arkell complied. The paper was published in 1927 and occupied pp 67-181 of the journal plus plates and a map. Copies of plates from Phil. Trans. paper Plates from collaborative paper with J.A Douglas. Douglas Annotated copies of plates from collaborative papers with J.A the Cornbrash I’, Quart J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 84 (1928). See also B.22 and B.23. Stratigraphical Distribution ‘The of monograph ‘A Palaeontographical Society of London, 1929-1937. Corallian British of Lamellibranchia’, This wasthe first of Arkell’s major monographs published in instalments by the Palaeontographical Society. It was based Corallian Lamellibranch faunaof Britain’. Oxford D.Phil. thesis ‘The his on 1927 1928 1928-1937 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 76 E.5 E.6 E.7 Publications Green ledger-type spring-back binder including lists of ‘Works looked through (1928) carefully’, ‘Bathonian Types’, ‘Sowerby’s Types left to be photographed, 9 Aug. 1929’. 1928-1929 includes Also photographs numberedfor plates. manuscript entries and description, Green ledger-type spring-back binder used for manuscript entries, descriptions, photographs numbered for plates. Green ledger-type spring-back binder used for manuscript entries, descriptions, drawings. The binder numbered for plates and notesat front of book. includes some loose also photographs E.8 ‘Plates’. Foolscap hard-backed notebook. Notebook inscribed ‘A monograph of the British Corallian Lamellibranchia comprising 572 photographs of types or best available specimens and reproductions of original figures’. Pages numbered in Roman numerals, 1-94, with some loose photographs inserted. E.9 Originals of plates. 1927-1935 The plates were made up by Arkell and numbered with a note of the year of despatch; the publication date was two yearslater. Plates 1-4 [1927], 5-8 [1928], 9-12 [1929], 13-20 [1930], 21-28 [1931], 29-40 [1932], 41-49 [1933], 50-56 [1935]. E.10 Figures and drawings. 1933, 1934 Almost identifications and instructions to printer by Arkell. text and figures with are all descriptions, E.11 Notes Lamellibranchs’. and drawings by Arkell on ‘Cornbrash W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 77 Publications E.12 Miscellaneous small mounted photographsof Trigonia. Photographs include locations and descriptions. E.13 Photographs and drawingssentto Arkell by J.W. Tutcher. 1927 Also included is a letter dated 19 August 1927, following a visit to Tutcher by Arkell. The envelope, bearing notes by Arkell on recto and verso, is retained in the folder. E.14 Correspondence and arrangements for publication with colleagues, officers of the Palaeontographical Society,etc, August 1926-October 1927. 1926-1927 In his letter to Arkell of 26 August 1927 Sir Arthur Smith Woodward, Secretary of the Palaeontographical Society writes ‘You have a splendid programme and | wish you every success’ and on 7 October reports ‘The Council ...] thanks you for your kind offer of a Monograph [...]. It is inclined to look sympathetically on the proposal.’ E.15-E.37 The Jurassic System in Great Britain, OUP, 1933, 681pp, 42 plates. 1933 This wasthe first of Arkell’s major synoptic works on the Jurassic. Though he makes generous acknowledgements to colleagues and collectors, the research and many of the illustrations and photographs were his. The publication in 1933 when he wasstill under thirty, made his name; L.R. Cox writes (Memoir, p.3) ‘it immediately gained for Arkell an international reputation as a foremost authority on Jurassic the present day remains an indispensable work of reference.’ stratigraphy and palaeontology, and to Astonishingly, as it now seems, the huge manuscript, like Arkell’s other major works, was written in longhand which he then put out to typing. His instructions can be seen at the head of each chapter draft manuscript. section or of the The material is arranged as follows: E.15-E.28 Manuscript drafts E.29-E.34 Correspondence E.35-E.37 Figures, diagrams, photographs W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 78 Publications E.15-E.28 Manuscriptdrafts. E.15-E.25 Eleven foolscap envelopes labelled by Arkell with the chapter number or numbersand title. The contents are densely written with many additions, deletions and corrections. E.15 ‘Preface and Part 1’. List of plates, foreword, ‘The Classification of the English Jurassic Rocks, and the Partition of Jurassic time’, pp 1-63. E.16 Part 2 (distribution and tectonics). Chapters 2 and 3, pp-1-57. E.17 ‘Rhaetic Beds’, pp 1-26; ‘Lower Lias’, pp 1-48; ‘Middle Lias’, pp 1-15; ‘Upper Lias’, pp 1-33. E.18 Chapters 8 and 9. ‘Lower and Middle Inferior Oolite’, pp 1-54; ‘Upper Inferior Oolite’, pp 1-26. E.19 Chapter 10. ‘Great Oolite Series’, pp 1-80 and pp 31-47. E.20 Chapters 11 and 12. ‘Cornbrash and Oxford Clay’, pp 1-18, 1-49, 56-59. E.21 Chapter 13. ‘Corallian Beds’, pp 1-80. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 79 Publications E.22 Chapter 14. ‘Kimeridge Clay’, pp 1-52. E.23 Chapter 15. ‘Portland Beds’, pp 1-44. E.24 Chapters 16 and 17. ‘Purbeck Beds’, pp 1-26; ‘The End of Jurassic Time and the Cretaceous Boundary’, pp 1-22. E.25 Part 4, Chapter 18. ‘Palaeogeographical Conclusions’, pp 1-57. E.26 ‘British Jurassic Bibliography to 1931’, pp 1-85. E.27 E.28 This is the basis, with some minor editorial modifications, of the bibliography in the published work. Hard-backed ledger. ‘Appendix. List of stage names proposedfor parts of the Jurassic System in Europe’, 7pp typescript. This is draft of Appendix 2 of the published work. ‘Definitions and terminology of reef and reef-like Limestone deposits’. Typescript, pp1-25 and 4 pp, no author or date, probably American, latest reference 1954. The paper quotes and discusses (pp 14-15) Arkell’s treatment of the subject in Appendix 1 of the published work. E.29-E.34 Correspondence. 1931-1957 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 80 Publications E.29 E.30 Permission to quote, copy figures, reproduce diagrams, etc addressed byArkell to colleagues, societies, museums. 1931-1932 Oxford University Press 1931-1934 mainly Correspondence the Delegates (K. Sisam) and with technicians at the Press on publication arrangements, preparation of photographs and diagrams. Secretary with the to Arkell’s letter of 2 November 1931 to Sisam begins ‘| desire to submit the typescript of a book on geology for consideration by the University Press’. The suggestion was ‘welcomed’ by the Delegates on 16 November and an early copy of the book was sent to Arkell on 21 February 1933. Includes an extensive list of those whom Arkell wished to receive copies. E.31 Comments and appraisals from colleagues 1931-1932 Colleagues had seen part of the book in draft, some with detailed comments, all writing in enthusiastic terms. E.32 Letters of thanks for copies of the book 1931-1947 letters Most colleagues sometimes including Mainly dating from 1933. with are appreciative comments from information. additional E.33 E.34 Royalty statements Arkell’s original folder cover Includes running totals of sales, price increases, royalties. 1933-1957 1933-1955 E.35-E.37 Figures, diagrams, photographs. E.35 Envelope of original photographs for book, frontispiece and plates nos 1-28 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 81 Publications All the photographs are numbered on verso, some with descriptions and/or instructions to printer E.36 E.37 Original plates nos 29-41 Miscellaneous figures, diagrams, maps etc E.38-E.78 ‘A monograph on the ammonites of the English Corallian Beds’, Pal. Soc. Lond., pp Ixxxiv, 420, 78 plates. 1935-1948 This was the second major publication by Arkell to be brought out in instalments by the Palaeontographical Society. Very little survives of the manuscript draft. Instead there is a great deal of research material documenting Arkell’s in museums in Britain and Europe, his correspondence with colleagues, and carefully photographs and figures for the text assembled from his own extensive collections as well as these outside sources. geological collections or use of, visits to, prepared Arkell’s Preface to the completed volume in 1948, part of which is reproduced below, records not only his long personal involvement with the subject, but the historical dimension conferred by the link with the pioneer S.S. Buckman and the destruction of much of the geological record by social change and the catastrophe of the Second World War. One of the collections destroyed by bombing at Bristol, referred to here, was that of J.W Tutcher with whom Arkell had corresponded and collaborated. Arkell also refers to the total destruction of Caen University Museum by Allied bombardment. He acted as Secretary and Treasurer to the appeal launched in 1944 to restock the Geological Department. See also E.44, E.106, H.34, H.36. Arkell’s preface reads: ‘The preliminary work for this monograph began some author as a_ schoolboy thirty years ago, when the hammered ammonites from the at South Quarries, stone heaps at Hangman’s Elm Quarry. Highworth, and from the limestone Hangman’s Elm Quarry, from which so many ammonites were obtained, has been filled up with rubbish by the Highworth Rural District Council, and the local council at W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 82 Publications Kingston Bagpuize is now rapidlyfilling up the celebrated Lamb and Flag quarry. Most of the quarries at Cowley and Horspath have shared the same fate: Brittleton Barn quarry and Industrial School south quarry arefilled with has rubbish, disappeared and given place to a factory. Marcham quarries have long been abandoned and await the refuse. Garbage has, in fact, become the main enemy of the geologist and palaeontologist in southern England. Industrial School quarry and north Although unconscious of the fact at the time, in the 1920s the author as a youth on one side of Oxford, and S.S. Buckmanin his old age on the other, were salvaging the last scraps of geological evidence at the end of an epoch. In those days the small quarries in nearly every parish werestill worked for road-mending, lime-burning, and even local building. It seems unlikely that similar opportunities for studying the rocks and their contents of so many places will occur again within a measurable period, unless there should come a national economic calamity; but this would preclude the chance of anyone having time for such studies. that before thought Even the older specimens in museums, which might have been considered safe for all time have proved to be in urgent need of record and publication lest they disappear for good. When describing and photographing the Corallian ammonites in the Bristol and Hull museumsit the monograph was was little completed these records would be all that survived. Yet both collections were destroyed by German bombing in 1941-2. Still more timely was the examination of the Corallian ammonites at Caen University Museum, which comprised the largest and best-preserved collection in existence. After the bombardment of Caen in 1944 nota single specimen remains, but happily it is possible in this final Part to publish a list of the species present and the numbers of each species, and the only visual record that survives are the several photographs of choice specimens specially taken for this monograph through the kindness of Professor L. Dangeard. The collection represented the cream of the sea-coast finds by the nineteenth century collectors who werefirst in the field and, like the Leckenby collection for the Yorkshire coast, it is never likely to be repeated’. The material is arranged as follows: E.38-E.39 Drafts and correspondence E.40-E.65 Research notes and correspondence E.66-E.78 Figures, diagrams, photographs W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.38-E.39 Drafts and correspondence E.38 of envelope Contents the Ammonites of the English Corallian Beds. Copy of T.S of unpublished parts, ready for press’. The date July 1940 is crossed out and a later date ‘Revised 1944’ substituted. ‘Monograph on_ inscribed 83 1939-1944 1940-1944 Typescript (part only) of text. The texts are: Section 4 The perisphinctids of the Ampthill Clay and Upper Calcareous Grit, pp 1-44; Section 5 Summary of conclusions. Palaeontological conclusions, pp 1-11. Stratigraphical conclusions, pp 12-37; Table of contents, 3pp. E39 Miscellaneous material 1939 Includes letter 31 January 1939 from the President of the Palaeontographical Society saying ‘The Pal. Soc. may certainly now proceed with the publication’, and Arkell’s calculations of costs and of enlargements for photographs. E.40-E.65 Research notes and correspondence 1930-1948 identifications Correspondence with colleagues and with museums in UK and abroad, requesting information on ammonite holdings; specimens; loans; Careful arrangements for visits by Arkell and his notes. lists were compiled for the despatch and return of numbered specimens from principal museums, and these are retained. return and of The correspondence begins in the 1930s and spans the years of the 1939-1945 World War. Sometimes, especially with museums in Europe, it is broken off for the duration or completely. It is noteworthy however that Arkell kept up his research and correspondence steadily throughout the war with his principal sources in London and Cambridge. E.40-E.60 Correspondence with museums 1932-1948 This deals with UK and European sources, and is presented alphabetically. Some exchanges are very brief, others cover a wide timespan and mayinclude detailed discussion on specimens and classifications. E.40 Abingdon Museum (Oxon) 1937-1938 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 84 Publications E.41 Geological Institute, Bonn 1938-1939 Correspondence with E. Jaworski mainly on Decipia with sources and attributions. Includes 2pp accountby Arkell on Vinalesphinctes and Decipia 17 August 1938. Jaworski’s last letter of 5 July 1939, looking forward to the latest a manuscript note by Arkell ‘Never sent owing to outbreak of Ammonites’, instalment ‘Corallian has of War. E.42 British Museum (Natural History), London 1936-1945 Letters, cards, lists of loans and returns. E.43 E.44 British Petroleum (B.P) Caen University 1938 1937-1939 Arkell visited Caen in 1937 and borrowed some specimens which he returned in May 1939. They, along with all the Caen Allied bombardments. collections, destroyed were the in Arkell refers to this in his own Preface quoted in the introduction to E.38-E.78. E.45-E.46 Geological Survey and Museum, London 1935-1948 Correspondence, lists of loans and returns. E.45 E.46 E.47 1935-1939 1940-1948 Geological Survey, Edinburgh Correspondence, lists of loans and returns. 1935-1939 1940-1948 1937-1940 Publications Geneva University 85 1937 Hull Municipal Museums 1933-1944 Arrangements for visit, loan and return of specimens. Thesewerelost in the Germanair-raids of 1941-1942; the Director's ‘Yes, unfortunately, we lost geological collections at Albion Street [the Central Museum at Hull] including those you have described’. of 22 November 1944 states: letter the whole of our W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 E.48 E.49 E.50 E.51 See Arkell’s Preface at E.38-E.78. Leeds City Museums Lille E.51A Liverpool University E.52 E.53 NancyInstitute of Geology, France Scarborough, Yorkshire Arrangementsfor visit and photographs. 1937 1937, 1939 1938, 1940 1937 1937 E.54-E.55 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge 1933-1947 This was among Arkell’s principal sources of information and enquiry. The correspondence is conducted with A.G Brighton, Curator of the Museum and includes detailed lists and identifications of specimens. See also F.36-F.43 E.54 1933-1937 1933-1937 Correspondence, identifications, lists of loans and returns. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 86 Publications E.55 1938-1947 1938-1947 Several of Brighton’s letters refer to the difficulty of caring for the Museum’s specimensin a ‘place of safety’ during the war, and of resuming normal work afterwards. Arkell continued to request and receive specimenssteadily from 1944 onwards. E.56 E.57 E.58 E.59 E.60 Somerset County Museum 1938 Geological Institute, Tubingen 1936,1937 Whitby, Yorkshire 1937 Yorkshire Museum, York 1932, 1940 Shorter correspondence with colleagues on ammonites. 1937-1940 E.61-E.65 Arkell’s notes and drafts on various topics. These are preliminary notes and do not constitute a full draft for the publication. E.61 Notes and tables on Yorkshire ammonites. 1936-1939 Notes were compiled from British Museum, Sedgwick Museum, Yorkshire Museum, Hull, Scarborough, mainly during visits between 1936 and 1939. sources: various E.62 E.63 Notes on ammonites from various UK locations. Miscellaneous notes, descriptions and photographs. Includes ammonites from the collection of J.W Tutcher, later destroyed in Germanair-raids on Bristol. See also E.72. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 87 Publications E.64 E.65 Notes on ammonite holdings in German collections at Berlin, Gottingen, Hanover. Notes on the literature. E.66-E.78 Figures, diagrams, photographs. The material includes contents of envelopes left in the Oxford Museum of Natural History after Arkell moved to Cambridge in the envelopes were subsequently these descriptions have been retained though they are not always a complete indication of the material. 1947. Some of another labelled hand and_ in In addition many of the photographs remained unclassified in various folders and containers. All the material from whatever source is presented as far as possible in the systematic order followed by Arkell in the published volume. the are diagrams ‘rib-curves’ The the morphological criteria determining genera and species. The photographs for text figures almost always have full description of size, location and source. Most, but notall, are numbered and haveinstructions to the printer about reduction and layout on the page. indicating E.66 Dichotomosphinctes Rib-curvesfor figures 1, 3, 4, 6, 20, 24 and unnumbered. Photographs mainly of P. antecedens, not numbered. E.67 Perisphinctes Rib-curvesfor figures 25, 29. Photographsfor figures 26- 28, 30-33, 65 and unnumbered. E.68 Arisphinctes Rib-curves for figures 35, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 49, 52, 53 and unnumbered. Photographs for figures 34-67 (not all numbered, not all Arisphinctes). W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 88 Publications E.69 Liosphinctes Photographs (not numbered). E.70 Kranaosphinctes Rib-curves for figures 55, 57, 61. Photographs for figures 56, 58-60, 62-64 and unnumbered. E.71 Aspidoceras Rib-curve for unnumbered figure. Photographs for figures 68-74 and unnumbered. E.72 Cardioceras Photographs for figures 75-92, 104, 106-124 and some loose Includes some items from the collection of J.W. Tutcher. photographs. E.73 Cardioceras Photographs for plates 14, 15 and many unnumbered photographs. E.74 Perisphinctes (miscellaneous) Rib-curve for figure 127; photographsfor figures 126, 128- 131. E.75 Decipia Photographs and drawingsfor figures 132-135. E.76 Amoeboceras Photograph for figure 136. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 89 E77. E.78 E.79 E.80 Publications Miscellaneous unnumbered and unidentified photographs. Photographsfor plates, identified and numbered some with Arkell’s instructions to the printer. ‘Three tectonics problems of the Lulworth District’. 1936 Uncorrected abstract of a paper to be read at a Geological Society meeting on 18 November 1936. Thefull paper was published in Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 94 (1938). See J.35. ‘The zonal position of the Elsworth rock and its alleged equivalent at Upware, Cambs.’, Geol. Mag. Lond., vol. 74 (1937). 1937 Correspondence with A.G. Brighton and E. Dixon, May 1937, information, Arkell’s notes and part draft for paper. Arkell published three further short papers on Elsworth rock in Geol. Mag. Lond., vol. 75 (1938). E.81 ‘The site of Cherbury Camp’, Oxoniensia,vol. 4 (1939). 1939 Correspondence re Arkell’s article, invitation to write on site findings, thanks for advice. E.82 E.83 ‘Some topographical namesin Wiltshire’, Wiltsh. Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag., vol.49 (1940). 1941 Correspondence, 1941 re Arkell’s article above mentioned. ‘Notes on the age of the Swindon Purbeck Beds’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond., vol. 52 (1941). 1938-1940 The article was written in collaboration with P.C Sylvester Bradley. Includes arrangements for despatch and return of specimens, publication arrangements. identifications, locations and_ W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 90 Publications E.84 E.85 E.86 ‘Mineral Resources of Continental Europe’, Nature, Lond. vol. 147 (1941). 1941 Typescript and manuscript drafts, variously paginated, manuscript tables, brief correspondence. See also J.37. ‘Place names and topography in the Upper Thames country’, Oxoniensia, vol. 7 (1942). 1941-1944 Correspondence preceding and following publication, including enthusiastic approval and extensive comments by F.M. Stenton, notes by Arkell. ‘A New Bronze Age Site at Highworth, Wilts.’ Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag., vol. 50 (1944). Wiltsh. 1944 Draft, correspondence. The article was written in collaboration with T.N Arkell (Arkell’s brother). Highworth was Arkell’s birthplace. His brother continuedto live there. See also E.197. E.87 ‘The London Excursion, 1725’ Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 57 (1946). 1946 10 pages of manuscript draft, 2 pages of manuscript notes. This pastiche ‘Field Meeting Report’ details, in the style of the supposed period, an excursion round the quarries and clay-pits and neighbourhoods. It was published anonymously. Piccadilly Soho, of Hyde Park, See L.R. Cox, Memoir, p7. E.88-E.92 ‘The geology of the country around Weymouth, Swanage, Corfe and Lulworth’, Mem. Geol. Surv. U.K. (1947). 1936-1952 The article was written in collaboration with C.W. Wright and H.J.O. White. Additions and corrections 1952, reprinted 1953. See also J.44. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 91 Publications E.88 Arkell’s manuscript and typescript draft. 1936-c 1947 Heavily corrected manuscript and typescript draft, with instructions to typist and occasional calculation of word- length. The title page reads ‘The Geology of Weymouth, Purbeck and Portland by W.J Arkell with contributions by W.B Wright and H.J Osborne White.’ There is a further manuscript note ‘Begun at Muscliff, Ringstead Bay, July 1936’. E.89 Arkell’s bound index copy. 1943-1947 The index has many corrections and emendations and 1p suggested corrections in another hand. Theoriginal HMSO publication date is given as 1943. Arkell’s manuscript note reads ‘Received 7 Aug. 1944. Returned corrected 23 Aug. 1944. Published 1947’. E.90 E.91 Correspondence investigate geological changesin the area. excursion including by Arkell to 1950-1952 Letters and cards from B. Mottram. 1953 The correspondence is densely written and only a few items are dated (1953) or have legible postmarks. Mottram was mapping sites in the area on Arkell’s behalf. See also J.45. E.92 Additions and corrigenda 1952, published note. 1952 Typescript drafts of changesin the area to be incorporated in revised edition, on Ringstead Chalk Pit, the Kimeridge Clay succession and‘Erratics in Dorset shingle beaches’ E.93 The Geology of Oxford, Oxford University Press (1947). 1947 Typescript and manuscript drafts for Appendix 3 ‘The Buried Rocks Under Oxford City’ and Appendix 4 ‘Some Workfor the Future’, paginated 590-604. Illustrations for the book are atJ.6. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 92 Publications ‘The Geology of Oxford’ appeared the same year as Oxford Stone (Faber and Faber). Arkell’s extensive long-term research into building stone is well documented at C.49-C.84 but there are no further drafts or material for ‘The Geology of Oxford’ among Arkell’s papers. Corrected page-proofs intended as the basis for a revised edition by J.M Edmonds and J.H Callomon can be foundin the papers of J. M Edmondsin Oxford University Museum of Natural History, NCUACS catalogue no. 77/6/98, items B.62-B.81. E.94-E.95 ‘The geology of the Evenlode Gorge, Oxfordshire’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond., vol. 58 (1947). 1945-1948 Seealso J.41. E.94 Correspondence, Expeditions, Identifications. 1945-1948 and_ identifications covered especially Expeditions in Warwickshire, the Coventry area and Moreton and their relation to the Evenlode. Includes discussion of gravel-pits and palaeoliths by M.E. Tomlison and by Arkell, expedition with F.H Shotton andothers, etc See C.125-C.155 for further research on palaeoliths. E.95 ‘Geology of the Evenlode Gorge’. 1947 8 manuscript pagesfor illustrated lecture, 11 April 1947. E. 96-E.101 ‘A Geological Map of Swindon’, Wiltsh. Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag., vol. 52 (1948). 1947-1952 Drafts, maps, correspondence, notes. The inscription on Arkell’s original folder ‘Swindon Sarsens 1947’ recalls the important contribution of Mr. J.B. Jones, a retired school- master and local geologist. Jones had argued that the sarsen stones commonly found in the area were native to the Mesozonic sand of the Vale, independentof the later Eocene sarsens Stonehenge. The accompanying mapincorporates the Wealden Beds for the first time. of Avebury and Arkell was introduced to Jones by H.C Brentnall, Editor of the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine and visited him on several occasions, inspecting local sites W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 93 Publications His and conducting extensive mapping of the published paper pays generous tribute to Jones in correcting ‘a major error that has been repeated in the geologicalliterature for over a hundred years’. area. E.96 Draft of paper. 29pp typescript and headnote ‘sent correspondence. to with 31/x/47’. a Brief manuscript editorial manuscript Brentnall E.97 E.98 Notes on specimens found and noteson the literature. Mapsand plans annotated. Arkell’s original folder is retained here. E.99 Correspondencewith J.B. Jones, July 1947 - May 1952. 1947-1952 The letters and postcards mainly from Jones, usually densely written in longhand, but a few pencil copies of Arkell’s letters are included and his notes ofhis initial visit to Jones in August 1947. Jones’s letters always express great respectfor Arkell and delight that his own discoveries nevertheless he is should command such attention; prepared is Arkell for his part obviously kept up the disagreement. correspondence and gave Jones copies of his books, articles and poems. Jones continuedto investigate local sites and to publish in local newspapers. His lastletter, still reporting activities, is dated 14 May 1952 very shortly before his death. his case firmly when there argue to E.100 E.101 Photographs and press Sarsens expert’ (Jones) in October 1952. cuttings including ‘Death of 1947-1952 Correspondence and reports on sarsens and matters arising 1947-1952. 1947-1952 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 E.102-E.110 Publications primarily ‘A Survey of the Mollusca of the British Great Oolite Series, the monographsby Morris and Lycett (1851-55), Lycett (1863), and Blake (1905-07)’ Palaeontographical Society London, 1948-1950. nomenciatorial revision a of 94 1945-1949 The publication was written in collaboration with L.R. Cox. This was part of the commemoration of the centenary of the Palaeontographical Society which occurred in 1947. The Secretary of the Centenary Committee was C.J. Stubblefield. Fossiliferous Several proposals were put forward. See E.107 for Arkell’s contribution to a Directory of Localities. Arkell’s own proposal, submitted in a memorandum to the Society (See E.106), was for ‘the issue of revisionary synoptic supplements of old monographs’, to take account of changes in nomenclature and systematics. He gave a detailed table of the proposed publications, authors and suggested revisers, including himself and L.R Cox to revise Morris and Lycett on the Great Oolite Molluscs. After some deliberation the work went ahead and after detailed correspondence with Cox and other collaborators was published by the Society 1948-1950. E.102-E.105 Drafts. E.102 ‘Revision W.J Arkell, 1945’. the Cephalopoda of of the Great Oolite 1945 15pp typescript and manuscript. E.103 ‘Morris and Lycett. Cephalopoda’. 1948 List of plates. 5pp typescript and manuscript and 1p ‘corrections to explanation of plates December 1948’. E.104 ‘Stratigraphical Introduction’. 16pp typescript and manuscript. E.105 ‘Supplement to Preface and Bibliography’. 1949 Appendix, material, correspondence from L.R Cox. January 1949. additional some a little W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.106-E.110 Correspondence. E.106 January-December 1945. Includes Arkell’s memorandum proposing a revision of early he subsequently submitted (6pp manuscript, April). monographs specimen pages and the Letter of 25 July states that ‘after much deliberation in committee and council’ the synoptic supplements would go ahead but that the main scheme to mark the Centenary should be the Directory of British Fossiliferous Localities. Reference is also made passim in the correspondence to the Caen restoration appeal. E.107 July-December 1945. Correspondence and material on the ‘Directory of British Fossiliferous Localities’. Letter of 6 November from R.V. Melville mind-boggling Arkell’s contribution’ to the scheme. ‘stupendous, refers to E.108 January-August 1946. Correspondence on specimens, organisation of work, Stubblefield’s comments ‘general editorial comments for compilers’, August 1946. presentation, and E.109 January-December 1947. Continuing correspondence mainly with L.R Cox on locations and descriptions (few of Arkell’s letters survived). Stubblefield’s letter of 2 April informs Arkell of his election to the Council of the Palaeontographical Society. Includes draft preface, 6pp of manuscript. 95 1945-1949 1945 1945 1946 1947 E.110 January 1948-January 1949. 1948-1949 Includes comments and amendments on manuscript, some manuscript drafts by Arkell. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 96 Publications E.111-E.114 ‘The geology of the Corallian ridge near Wootton Bassett and Lyneham, Wilts.’, Wiltsh. Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag., vol.54 (1951). 1946-1951 E.111 21pp manuscriptdraft. 22pp typescript and manuscriptdraft. Proof with manuscript corrections. E.112 E.113 E.114 c 1950 1950 1951 Correspondencewith colleagues and re publication. 1946-1951 E.115-E.122 ‘Jurassic Ammonites from Jebel Tuwaig, Central Arabia, Phil. Trans. B, vol. 236 (1952). 1945-1968 Publication written with R.A Bramkamp and M. Steinecke. E.115 Typescript and manuscriptdraft. 1951 111 numbered pages and some unnumbered, dated 6 July 1951. E.116 E.117 Plates with Arkell’s instructions. Correspondence, chiefly with R.A Bramkamp. 1948-1958 On specimens, identification, arrangements for publication, continuing exchanges of Arkell identified what he called Bramkamp’s ‘splendid "Triassic beasts‘ as Liassic genus Bouleiceras and corresponded with Algeria. Correspondencecontinues to 1958 after Arkell’s death. information. scientific French colleagues on findings in R.A Bramkamp was working for the Arabian American Oil Companyatthe time. Seealso F.5. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.118 Mapsand localities annotated by Bramkamp and Arkell. E.119 Background information. E.120 Two colour photographs. 97 Nd E.121 E.122 No place or name identified, perhaps received from Bramkamp. Correspondence and information exchanged with R.W Imlay and others at US Department of the Interior Geological Survey. 1945-1968 Correspondence is on specimens from north Egypt and Sinai. Includes Arkell’s notes and request to refer to the material in his Arabian ammonites paper. Correspondence continues to 1968 after Arkell’s death. Reports (photostats) on wells in Western Desert of Egypt by Standard Oil Company of Egypt sent to Arkell 1951, with brief correspondence. 1946-1951 Later correspondence on Arabian ammonites can be found at C.8. E.123-E.124 ‘The Fuller's Earth of the Cotswolds and its relation to the Great Oolite’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 107 (1952). 1952 Written with D.T. Donovan. This paper replaces one originally read by Arkell to the Geological Society in May 1949, which was published in abstract and subsequently withdrawn in favour of a resubmitted collaborative paper with Donovan. (seeletters of 19 April and 3 May 1950). See C.31, C.32, C.115, C.115, J.43, for further material on ‘Fuller's Earth’. E.123 Correspondence, December 1949-February 1951. 1949-1951 Includes comments by the Publication Committee of the Society and Arkell’s reply, correspondence with Donovan and the Society re withdrawal and resubmission of the paper. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.124 5pp manuscriptdraft for a lecture. The draft was probably given by Arkell to the Society May 1949. Maps and drawings byArkell. 98 Nd E.125 English rock terms chiefly as used by Miners and Quarrymen, with S.| Tomkeieff, Oxford University Press. 1953 Brief correspondenceonly, 1953. E.126-E.128 ‘A review of the Jurassic of western Sicily based on new ammonite faunas’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 110 (1954). 1954 Written with H.R. Warman. The work arose from a request from the Anglo-lranian Oil Company and British Petroleum (BP) Palaeontological Laboratory for Arkell to identify specimens of Jurassic ammonites from Sicily. The specimens had been collected by H.R Warman, then working for the Companyin Sicily. They were of sufficient interest for Arkell to suggest a collaborative paper and to arrange for some to remain on provisional in Cambridge. Sedgwick Museum deposit at the See also F.15. E.126 Correspondence. 1952-1953 Correspondence, mainly with E.J White in London, and Warman in Sicily on the despatch and identification of specimens, suggestion for collaborative publication (23 May 1952). E.127 Arkell’s draft for paper (part only). 1953 8pp typescript and manuscript with a note ‘sent for typing 18 June 1953’. E.128 Arkell’s reports on Sicilian ammonites. 1952-1953 Notes on the literature. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 99 Publications E.129-E.131 ‘The Bajocian ammonites of western Australia’, Phil. Trans. B, vol. 237 (1954). 1945-1990 Publication written with P.E. Playford. The work developed from Arkell’s correspondence with R.W. Fairbridge, a former pupil then working at the University of Western Australia. Director of Arkell In May 1952 Fairbridge sent Arkell a report on the Jurassic of Western Australia by Playford, then an honours student, the Geological Survey of Western later Australia. was the specimens, which he pronounced ‘marvellous material’ and ‘splendid collaborative publication in his letter of 4 November 1952 to Playford, with whom the correspondenceis principally conducted. He also wrote to many colleagues institutions requesting specimens for identification and comparison. fauna’, and suggested a_ enthusiastic and_ very about E.129 Typescript and manuscript draft. 1954 113pp, submitted 13 January 1954, sent for printing 30 April 1954. E.130 Photographspasted-up forplates. E.131 Correspondence 1949-1955, 1990. 1949-1990 Correspondence 1949 is one letter only. Correspondence 1952-1955 is extensive exchanges with Playford and many other colleagues in Australia and world wide, tracing and identifying specimens. Includes lists of despatch and return, numbering and attribution, localities, etc. Correspondence with German colleagues in January 1953 refers to treatment of Jewish collections and collectors under the Nazi regime. Letter of 12 April refers to a disastrous destroyed many collections and records. Canberra, which fire at Correspondence of 1990 deals with the loss of some materials in transit. E.132-E.135 ‘The effects of storms on Chesil Beach in November 1954’, Proc. Dorset nat. Hist. Fld. Cl., vol. 76 (1956). 1954-1956 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 100 Publications E.132 Typescript and manuscript drafts, 10pp. c 1956 Two copies, not identical, one with suggested corrections and a covering Lewis, Geography Department Cambridge, to whom Arkell had sentit. note from W.V. Other correspondencewith Lewisis at E.133. E.133 Correspondence November 1954-June 1956. 1954-1956 the attributed to Arkell. Secretary, Dorset Includes correspondence with Natural History and Archaeological Society and with local and national press about an incorrect statement on the event, are reminiscences of previous storms at Chesil Beach, request for Arkell to contribute a paper to the Proceedings (2 March 1955), correspondence with W.V. Lewis on Arkell’s paper, letters of thanks and related printed material. included Also. E.134 Continuing correspondence and papers on the erosion and protection of the Dorset coast. E.135 Press cuttings on the storms and coastal damage. E.136-E.138 ‘Geological results of the cloudburst in the Weymouth district, 18 July 1955’, Proc. Dorset nat. Hist. Fld. Cl., vol.77 (1956). 11pp manuscript draft; typescript draft with manuscript corrections with a headnote ‘Galley proof read. 30 May, returned, 31 May 1956’; brief editorial correspondence. 1956 Nd 1956 E.136 E.137 E.138 Photographs, material. maps, Arkell’s notes, related printed nd Correspondence and information from colleagues, local sources, etc. 1955 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 101 Publications E.139-E.161 Jurassic Geology of the World, Oliver and Boyd, 806pp, 1956 1951-1957 This was another of Arkell’s large-scale synoptic works following a similar format to The Jurassic System in Great Britain of 1933 (see E.15-E.37). The book concentrated on ammonite palaeontology and proposed a simpler set of correlation zones than that currently used. Thefirst draft (E.139) is all in longhand. See Arkell’s own notes of the publication chronology of the book, retained with his reviewsfile at E.144. The material is arranged as follows: E.139-E.143 Manuscript drafts E.144-E.148 Correspondence and reviews E.149-E.161 Photographs, figures, diagrams E.139-E.143 Manuscript drafts. E.139 Manuscriptdraft with many corrections and deletions. Chapters are paginated individually and do not follow the order of the published book. Includes two loose pages on igneous activity. E.140 947pp typescript draft with many manuscript corrections, including dedication and preface. E.141 642pp index copy. 1955 Proofs and corrections in sections bearing various dates, June-September 1955. Lacks bibliography and index. E.142 Galley proofs with manuscript corrections. E.143 Proofs ofillustrations with annotations. E.144-E.148 Correspondenceand reviews. 1953-1957 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 102 Publications E.144 Correspondencewith Oliver and Boyd. 1953-1957 Arkell’s letter of 15 March 1953 enquires ‘whether you would be interested in the publication of a rather big geological work | have had in hand for some years, to be called “The Jurassic Geology of the World” ’. The offer was accepted and the contract signed in October 1953. Correspondence 1956is principally forwarding copies of reviews. Arkell’s original folder is retained here with his notes ‘Typescript sent to O & Boyd July 1954. Page proofs 20 June-Sept 1955, advance copy 15 March 1956. Published 25 April 1956 £50 advance royalties received 21 April 1956’. E.145 Miscellaneous shorter correspondence. 1954-1956 Permission to manuscript. reproduce photographs, comments on E.146 Correspondence with colleagues some enclosing their reviews of the book which were to be published in journals, etc. 1956-1957 E.147 Correspondence, information, maps, etc. 1951, 1955 The documents are on Jurassic stratigraphy of Egypt, requestedbyArkell from oil companies for the book. E.148 Shorter photographs. correspondence, requesting and sending 1951-1952 E.149-E.161 Photographs, figures, diagrams. E.149-E.158 Photographssentto Arkell by colleagues. Early 1950s 1951-1953 Ten envelopesof photographs sent to Arkell at his request, some with correspondenceor identified on verso. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 103 Publications E.159 Spare and unidentified photographs. 1 envelope. E.160 Originals of plates, Numbers 1-46. E.161 Figures, identifications, instructions. maps, diagrams, with manuscript notes, 1 parcel. E.162-E.193 Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part L Mesozoic Ammonoidea (with C.W Wright), Geological Society of America and the University of Kansas Press, 1957. 1948-1957 was a by (in the UK), major project Society collaborative This the Palaeontological Society and the Society of Economic Palaeontologists and Mineralogists (in America) and the Palaeontographical under the Chairmanship of R.C Moore of the University of Kansas, who became the General Editor. Set up in 1948, it involved international collaboration, careful preliminary discussion of methodology and continuing editorial care in the layout of text and illustrations. The UK member of the Executive Committee some correspondence, Arkell agreed to undertake the section on Mesozoic Ammonites, in collaboration with his long-term friend and colleague C.W (Bill) Wright. Stubblefield. After was C.J. The correspondence at E.170-E.188 is conducted with the General Editor, Arkell’s co-authors, the Secretary of the International Commission on Nomenclature (F. Hemming), and manycolleagues; it includes detailed exchanges on methods, categories, nomenclature, reports on work in progress, editorial conventions and occasional differences of view. Even asthe project reached the stage of, as one of the collaborators putit, ‘winding up the Treatise clock’, Arkell was continuing to add or amend material to take account of the latest research. At the last moment also there was trouble bibliographical references, which Arkell refused to alter, the task being undertaken by Wright, who wasat that time a senior civil servant in the Ministry of Defence, working on the Treatise in his spare time. form over the of Full as the correspondenceis, internal evidence shows that someletters and manyof the circulars are missing. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 104 Publications The material is arranged asfollows: E.162-E.169 Manuscript drafts E.170-E.188 Correspondence E.189-E.193 Illustrations E.162-E.169 Manuscript drafts. c 1957 E.162 ‘Introduction to the Mesozoic Ammonidea’. 73pp typescript and manuscript, with instructions to the typist. E.163 Entries and descriptions. 200pp typescript and manuscript. E.164 slips bibliographical One box of references, scale of reduction, etc. Arkell’s 1p note of instructions is included. giving genus, type, SeeArkell’s letter of 1 January 1952 in E.176. E.165 One box of descriptions for entries. Heavily corrected manuscript. E.166 Drafts on Aptychi. 7pp typescipt and manuscript by Arkell. Pages 10-26 of draft by another. Manuscript notes on the literature of Aptychiby Arkell. E.167 Miscellaneous notesby Arkell and Wright. E.168-E.169 Drafts and correspondence. Correspondence exchanged chiefly with A.K. Miller, B. W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 105 Publications Kummel and W.M. Furnish (American collaborators). Further comments occur in the correspondence for the relevant dates. E.168 Drafts and comments on cephalopods. 1952-1954 E.169 Drafts and comments on classification ammonoides. of paleozoic 1953-1955 E.170-E.188 Correspondence. E.170 December 1948-May 1949. 1948-1956 1948-1949 Setting-up papers, organisation and participants. Correspondence April Arkell’s and Wright’s agreement to undertake work on Mesozoic ammonites. 1949 deals with Moore’s letter of 20 May 1949 suggests B. Kummel to work on Triassic ammonites. Correspondence Wright's comments on classification of the Cretaceous system by stages. includes 23 May 1949 E.171 May-December 1949. 1949 Some reference is made to Arkell’s papers ‘Jurassic ammonites in 1949’, Sci. Prog. Lond., vol. 37 (1949) and ‘A Classification of the Jurassic ammonites’, Journal of Palaeontology vol 24 (1950). Continuing nomenclature. research, draft entries, discussions on E.172 December 1949. 1949 Includes Arkell’s letter 10 December on matters relating to the Treatise, sent to other colleagues involved and replies or comments received, and Arkell’s ‘part draft for treatise’, 23 pages (another copyis at E.176). W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.173 E.174 February-June 1950. July-December 1950. Includes Arkell’s calculations on pages and numbers of illustrations required, specimen entries sent to R.C. Moore 7 August, glossary of morphological terms sent 30 October, discussions on nomenclature. E.175 February-December 1951. E.176 January-December 1952. Includes Arkell’s letter of 1 January referring to the 2% inch thick pile of slips of references to types and authors (see E.164), comments on contributions by collaborators, another copyof his ‘part draft 1949’ (see also E.172). E.177 E.178 January-March 1952. February-June 1952. Correspondence with E. Basse de Ménorval on her work for a French treatise on the Jurassic, with comments. E.179 January-November 1953. Includes comments on contributions by collaborators, Arkell’s report to Moore onstate of play 4 October. E.180 November-December 1953. Mainly on appointment of O.H. Schindewolf as a Treatise collaborator. E.181 January-May 1954. Includes draft list of proposed abbreviations (from US colleagues), correspondence with D.T. Donovan on family names. 106 1950 1950 1951 1952 1952 1952 1953 1953 1954 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.182 July-December 1954 for entries, Includes several exchanges with C.W. Wright on final arising from final drafts redrafting...’ 15 November, and his ‘Progress report... at end of 1954’, 24 December. ‘Points Treatise Arkell’s to collaborators circulated E.183 January-May 1955. Mainly with C.W. Wright on final draft and with R.C. Moore on his editorial queries. E.184 May 1955. text, Mainly replies to Moore’s editorial queries, final decisions on of ‘Glossary of Descriptive Terms’, further manuscript version of entry on Aptychi. illustrations, references, version revised E.185 June-September 1955. Continuing editorial queries on text andillustrations. E.186 October-December 1955. of discussion standardisation Includes of bibliographical references. Arkell’s were anomalous for the Treatise and Wright undertook the extensive revision required. Further discussion of Apytchi and many last minute additions and corrections. forms of E.187 January-May 1956. Includes further discussion on Aptychi, despatch and return of proofs. 107 1954 1955 1955 1955 1955 1956 E.188 January 1952-June 1954. 1952-1954 Correspondence with Moore, R. illustrations on_ Breazeal, secretary to for Treatise. R.C. Detailed the W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 108 Publications arrangements for despatch of sample photographs or drawings, revisions and additions, 30pplist of 705 genera by Arkell (see also E.164) sent 14 February 1952, miscellaneous additionallists. The choice and adequate reproduction ofillustrations is frequently the correspondence. Arkell kept the material at E.188 separate probably for ease of reference. alluded main body of to in the E.189-E.193 Illustrations. 1950s E.189 Envelopeof proofsofillustrations. The proofs are numbered 1-213, some with comments by Arkell and a covering note from Wright. E.190 Loose-leaf binder of Arkell’s originalillustrations. Illustrations are numbered 124-558 with some manuscript identifications. This may be the binder referred to in Arkell’s letter of 23 April 1956 at E.187. E.191 Envelope of photographsinscribed ‘New Genera 1952’. E.192 Envelope inscribed ‘Treatise Tracings’. Drawings with manuscript identifications. E.193 One box of photographs. In his letter to Wright of 1 October 1952 (see E.176), Arkell writes: ‘| have spent two whole days sorting about a thousand photos from Kansas [R.C. Moore’s university] into families and writing names on the back andstoring in three dozen envelopes’. There are 35 photographsin the box. labelled envelopes and some loose 109 1956-1958 1933-1957 1933 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 E.194-E.196 Publications contribution Arkell’s Lexique Stratigraphique International, eds D.T Donovan and J.E Hemingway, Paris 1963. Fasc. 3a to of the 3 folders of alphabetical manuscript sequencesof sites, description, references, etc. Included in E.194 are a letter from Arkell to Hemingway 25 August 1956 amending an entry on the Discus Zone (part of the material in E.194) and a letter from A.G. Brighton to Donovan 1958 forwarding the material after Arkell’s death. E.197-E.208 Unpublished work. E.197 ‘Introductory sketch of the origin and geology of Highworth Hill’. 19pp typescript and manuscript, manuscript headnote ‘written 1933 on board the Aquitania between New York and Southampton at request of E. Elwell for his History of Highworth (never published)’. with a See E.86 for a later collaborative paper with T.N. Arkell on Highworth. E.198-E.200 ‘The Portland Beds of the Dorset mainland. Supplement: the Brachiopods’. This had been intended as a supplement to Arkell’s long paper ‘The Portland Beds of the Dorset mainland’, Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 46 (1935), with additional material on Rynchonellids contributed by C.H. Waddington. Waddington provedtardy or reluctant to provide his input and the project collapsed (see Arkell’s letter of 1938 to A.G Brighton in E.200). See also F.53 Arkell’s 18pp typescript and manuscriptdraft. Waddington’s typescript notes. Also includes drawings and photographs with manuscript corrections by Waddington and by Arkell. E.198 E.199 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 110 Publications E.200 Correspondence 1934, 1938. 1934, 1938 Correspondence with Waddington andother colleagues on loans and identifications. Arkell’s letter to A.G. Brighton 1938 explains the history of the project and its delays. E.201 ‘A glimpse of Weymouth, Portland and Purbeck three hundred years ago: Coker’s survey’. 10pp typescript with manuscript amendments to take account of corrections suggested in the accompanying correspondence. The paper was submitted in 1942 to Dorset Natural History and the Proceedingsbutis not listed in the Bibliography. Archaeological publication Society for in E.202 Not used. E.203-E.206 ‘The geology of Wytham Hills’. 1945-1946 The paper was written 1945-1946 as part of what Arkell hoped would be‘only thefirst of a series of surveys of the Wytham estate to be published by the University when circumstances permit’, as documentation of the acquisition of the estate in 1943. The plan did not develop, and the paper remained unpublished. existence, and the accompanying maps, was known and continued to attract enquiries from researchers up to and after Arkell’s death. Its E.203 21pp typescript and manuscript drafts, one with manuscript preface. E.204 Arkell’s detailed annotated mapsof the area. E.205 Correspondence 1946, 1949-1950. 1946-1950 Correspondence 1946 is on Arkell’s abortive plan for a ‘Wytham unfavourable comments from C.S. Elton. attracted which Book’ very Correspondence 1949-1950 is on loan of Arkell’s material and further attempts to have paper published. 111 1958 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.206 Correspondence. Correspondenceis on a further request to borrow Arkell’s material by Department of Forestry Oxford and its return after his death. One of Arkell’s last letters (February 1958) is included here. E.207 ‘Thoughts on Lynchets’ (Wiltshire prehistoric cultivation terraces). 10pp typescript and manuscript draft; literature, background material. notes on the Correspondence 1947 from K.P. Oakley and 1948 on possible Archaeological and Natural History Magazine. The paper is not listed in the Bibliography. publication in Wiltshire E.208 ‘Jurassic System’. 1957 An update for the Encyclopaedia Britannica of the article originally contributed by Arkell in 1929 to ed. 14, vol. 13. Manuscript and typescript drafts, copy of 1929 article with deletions and emendations used as basis for new version, brief editorial correspondence July-November 1957. Arkell’s manuscript is in the wandering hand on the right of the page whichtestifies to his struggle to recover from his first stroke. A.G. Brighton refers to this commission in his letter of 22 May 1958in F.2. E.209 ‘An accountof the crosses on the perambulation’. Nd Short manuscript note on the beating of boundaries at an Oxfordshire parish near Cumnor. E.210 ‘Gwyles, Goyles and Gills’. 1943 Documents are on Dorset namesfor valleys, with a note ‘sent 20/2/43.’ No other identification of publication. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 112 SECTION F SEDGWICK MUSEUM, CAMBRIDGE, F.1-F.54 1931-1959 he had though executor, Arkell died on 18 April 1958, without having appointed a literary made specific testamentary bequests for his geological collections and library. The task of overseeing these bequests and of dealing with the very extensive material left in Arkell’s room at the Sedgwick Museum and at his home was undertaken with great efficiency by A.G. Brighton, then Curator of the Museum. to It of includes Arkell now held The material in this section is a photocopyrecord, kindly made available by the Museum, of the papers and in the correspondence relating Sedgwick Museum. Brighton’s correspondence with the Trustees and administrators of the estate, and arrangementsfor the location, return or retention is Brighton’s own long-term correspondencewith Arkell on the material of the Sedgwick itself. There are also folders dealing with research and proposed publications still in hand at the time of Arkell’s death. geological specimens; A.G. this part of The papers have been kept and catalogued as an entity for the convenience of those seeking information about holdings in Cambridge. Cross-references are given where appropriate to similar material elsewhere in the collection. The material is presented as follows: F.1-F.2 F.3-F.4 F.5-F.43 SETTLEMENT OF THE ESTATE MANUSCRIPTS AND PUBLICATIONS LOANS, IDENTIFICATIONS AND RETURNS OF SPECIMENS F.44-F.54 RESEARCH W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge F.1-F.2 SETTLEMENTOF THE ESTATE F.1 F.2 Bequests (Sedgwick Museum and Departmentof Geology). journals fossils and of to Cambridge Bequests of fossils and Arkell’s Jurassic collection of books to Oxford University Museum of Natural History. A.G. Brighton’s letter of 22 May refers to Arkell’s article for the Encyclopaedia Britannica (see E.207). 113 1958 1958 1958 F.3-F.4 MANUSCRIPTS AND PUBLICATIONS 1958-1959 F.3 F.4 Correspondencewith colleagues on the final publication of Arkell’s monograph on English Bathonian ammonites by the Palaeontographical Society. 1958-1959 Correspondence, proposed publication on the Thurrell collection of Kimmeridgian ammonites at the Sedgwick Museum. May-September, on a_ 1958 F.5-F.43 LOANS, SPECIMENS IDENTIFICATIONS AND RETURNS OF 1948-1958 is presented alphabetically by or This It concerns A.G. individual, rooms and Brighton’s ensuring that all the specimens sent to or collected by him had been duly dealt with and had a legitimate home. for convenience only. activity institution clearing Arkell’s in notes Some of the correspondenceis very brief, some includes exchanges and news from colleagues and copies of despatch for specimens from many years previously. By far the largest component (F.36-F.43) is with listed separately as it predates Arkell’s move to Cambridge and no question of return arises. the Sedgwick Museum itself, which is W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 F.5 F.6 F.7 F.8 F.9 F.10 F.114 F.12 F.13 F.14 F.15 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge Arabian-American Oil Company. Correspondence with R.A. Bramkamp. See also E.117. Bomford, G. BP Exploration Company. Bradley, P.C.S. 114 1958 1958 1958 1958 Bristol University 1948-1958 Includes correspondence with D.T. Donovan, and a reference (letter of 2 June 1958) to Arkell’s work on the Lexicon. See E.194-E.196. British Museum (Natural History). Burmah Oil Company. Callomon, J.H. Collignon, M. Emburger,J. Falcon, N.L. Sicilian ammonites. See E.126-E.128. 1958 1958 1958 1958 1958 1958 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 115 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge F.16 Fowler, J. 1958 Letter from Fowler’s daughter, offering to the Sedgwick Museum the letters her father had received from Arkell. It is not clear whether this offer was accepted but see H.16 for Arkell’s correspondence with Fowler received via H.S. Torrens. F.17 Geological Survey, London. 1955-1958 Includeslists of loaned specimens 1955-1958. F.18 F.19 F.20 F.21 Hemingway,J.E. House, M.R. lrak Petroleum Company. Matsumoto, T. Japanese ammonites. See C.13-C.15. F.22 Mauberge, P.L. Includesa little biographical material about Arkell. F.23 F.24 F.25 Melville, R.V. Moore, R.C. Nairobi Mines and Geological Department, Kenya. 1958 1958 1958 1958 1958 1958 1958 1958 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 116 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge F.26 New Zealand Geological Survey. 1958 Arkell’s identification Includes ammonites and a proposed publication of manuscript. Arkell did not appoint a literary executor. New Zealand draft Brighton’s letter of 14 June states that his of F.27 Oxford University Museum [of Natural History]. 1949-1958 General correspondence on loans and identifications, continuing including arrangements for the transfer to Oxford of fossils and books bequeathed to the Museum. Arkell’s death after and F.28 Pateman, D.S. 1956-1958 Bedford fossils. Powell, D.F.W. Baden- Pruvost, P. Reading University. 1958 1958 1958 Tanganyika, Department of Geological Survey. 1958-1959 Includes lists presented to the Sedgwick Museum. Arkell’s identification of Warman, H.R. Wright, C.W. of specimens 1958 1958 F.29 F.30 F.31 F.32 F.33 F.34 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 117 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge F.35 Miscellaneous early correspondence on loans and specimens by Arkell, kept and used by Brighton in settling the estate, 1939, 1946, 1954 (Madagascar). 1939-1954 F.36-F.43 Sedgwick Museum. 1931-1947 This is a detailed exchange of letters, cards and lists, mainly about specimens from the Sedgwick sent to Arkell, identified and returned by him. There are a few referencesto publications. Almost all the correspondence is exchanged with A.G. Brighton, additional information; there is a little correspondence with other colleagues. sometimes who supplied F.36 F.37 F.38 F.39 F.40 F.41 F.42 F.43 See also E.54, E.55. Correspondence and papers. 1931-1932 Correspondenceand papers. 1933-1934 Correspondence and papers. 1935-1936 Correspondence and papers. 1937-1938 Correspondenceand papers. 1939 Includes 6pp manuscript draft on ‘The Purbeck Broken Beds’, and continuing correspondence with O.T.Jones, E.M. Anderson. Correspondenceand papers. 1940 Correspondence and papers. 1943-1945 Correspondence and papers. 1946-1947 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 118 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge F.44-F.54 RESEARCH 1934-1956 This is grouped in the alphabetical order of the titles on the envelopes in which it was received. The material may cover a considerable time-span (see especially continuing work on Ampthill Clay F.44-F.49) and include Arkell’s research notes on specimens from his own collection or from museums, correspondence and drafts. F.44-F.49 ‘Ampthill Clay and Corallian’. 1934-1953 F.44 Arkell’s notes on Ampthill Clay specimens. 1934-c 1947 Mainly in Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire, some with photographs and localities. Work begins 1934, latest reference 1947. F.45 F.46 F.47 F.48 F.49 Correspondence with Geological Survey, London on specimens and loans. 1937-1953 Museum, Correspondence Taunton on loans and identification of specimens, and possible permanent loan to Sedgwick Museum. Somerset with County 1948-1956 Correspondencewith Geological Survey, London, mainly on Boxworth Rock and a revised survey, which caused some controversy. 1949, 1955. Includes a ‘Report on Jack o’ Thumbshill-spur between Boxworth, Fen Drayton and Conington, Cambs.’, 1949, and 1p later note October 1955. Correspondence on excavation and ammonites found at new sewagefarm site, Sandford, Oxfordshire. 1953 Correspondence, identifications, notes and reports by Arkell and others, on Ampthill Clay ammonites in Oxford region and Cambridgeshire. 1953-1955 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 119 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge F.50 ‘Cambridge Boring’. 1953-1955 Correspondence, information, 9pp typescript report by Arkell ‘The ammonite succession in the Oxford clay of the Cambridge boring’, May 1955. F.51 ‘Oxford Clayfossils’. 1938, 1950 Notes, descriptions of specimens, some photographed, from various museums, most dated 1p on Gamlingay ammonites dated 1950. 1938; F.52 ‘Persia’. 1951-1954 research Correspondence and information, mainly arising from in Arkell’s enquiries, his Jurassic History of the World. \Includes some early BP reports, Arkell’s identification of Elburz ammonites (north Persia) which he calls ‘a feast’. See J.33. correspondence preparation detailed for on F.53 ‘Portland Brach[iopod]s’. c 1935 A fuller manuscript version of Arkell’s contribution to his proposedcollaborative paper with C.H. Waddington on ‘The Portland Beds of the Dorset mainland’. See E.198- E.200. F.54 ‘Spiti Shales’. 1955-1958 earlier The name refers to an area of north-west Nepal. Arkell consulted the Himalayas in the British Museum and elsewhere, and sponsored Himalaya Expedition which collected further specimens. Ratang-Parbati collections ammonite 1956 the from Correspondence, expedition report, lists of specimens. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 120 SECTION G MEETINGS AND EXCURSIONS,G.1-G.7 1939-1948 Although Arkell is known to have attended conferences overseas, including the US and the Middle East, no documentation survives for such meetings other than occasional references in the correspondence. The material in this section is scanty and refers only to UK meetings, 1939-1948. See B.27 for notes on a visit to USA and Canada in 1933. G.1 by the Excursion to Weymouth and Dorset Coast, led by Arkell, March 1939. Cambridge Sedgwick Club 1938-1939 Correspondence, walking permits and visits. arrangements, permissions for G.2-G.5 XVII International Geological Congress. 1938-1940 The Congress was scheduled to take place in London, 31 July-8 August 1940. Arkell served on the Excursions Committee and was Convenor of Excursion A5, The Dorset Coast and the Isle of Wight. In the event the Congress was postponedsine die. E.B. Bailey’s letter of 15 November 1939 announcing this and thanking excursions organisers, concludes‘It has been fine bit of patriotic service to internationalism under conditions that from the first savoured of a forlorn hope’ (see G.4). includes correspondence background and committee The material and papers, colleagues, statements, schedules and arrangements, Arkell's draft guide for the excursion. organisers financial with budgets and G.2 G.3 G.4 January-June 1938. July-December 1938. January-December 1939. Includes winding-up papers and E.B. Bailey's announcing of Congress. postponement indefinite the 1938 1938 1939 letter the W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 121 Meetings and excursions G.5 Arkell's guide to the Dorset Coast section of the proposed A5 excursion. Nd Manuscript and typescript drafts with comments by colleagues. G.6-G.7 XVIII International Geological Congress. 1946-1948 The Congress was held in London 25 August-1 September 1948. Arkell served on the Excursions Committee and was Director of Excursion A6, Oxford District, 17-24 August. The Secretary was J.M. Edmonds, to whom Arkell delegated muchof the organisation. Additional material can be found in J.M. Edmonds’ papers in the Oxford University Museum of History, NCUACS catalogue no 77/6/98, items E.6-E.8. Natural G.6 Papers and correspondence, October 1946-September 1948. 1946-1948 committee the of with papers correspondence [Excursions Includes Committee, in particular J.M. Edmonds, travel and accommodation arrangements, excursion itineraries and participants, press cuttings, speech at dinner,letters of thanks. colleagues G.7 Circulars, excursion guide. Nd W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 122 SECTION H CORRESPONDENCE, H.1-H.38 1932-2001 daily, almost frequent, The surviving material in this section is not extensive. Arkell seems to have had a severely practical approach to letter-writing, regarding it as a research tool and keeping it with the projects, excursions or publications to which it directly referred. When bending his powers of concentration to a particular theme, he would exchange very with but he appears not to have kept up colleagues, correspondence files in any less functional sense. In part this derives from Arkell's position as a largely independent scholar with only rare access to official or secretarial support. Nor was he regularly involved in the bureaucracy of modern science with its societies and conferences. Such involvement as he had with the Geological and Palaeontographical Societies, and with the Royal Society, is hardly documented in the surviving papers and notatall in this section. communications small BecauseArkell's correspondenceup to, and often after, the Second World War, was conducted in longhand on the format writing paper and even smaller correspondence often tantalisingly one-sided. Thanks to an appeal launched by Professor W.J. Kennedy in 1998, several former colleagues made their correspondence available for this collection, and their generosity is acknowledged in the relevant entries. period, cards the of it is reports material includes As the correspondence is so resolutely ‘professional’, it often or comments on geological specimens similar to in the research files Many of the exchanges are brief, though elsewhere. never longer-term sequences survive, such as those with J.H. Callomon (H.8), D.T. Donovan (H.11, H.12), P.L. Mauberge (H.21) and C.W. Wright (H.34, H.35). With some of his older friends, Arkell would include personal news, but these are rare. inconsequential. Only few a_ It should be noted that although the matter of the correspondence is almost entirely professional, the correspondents were not. They include many amateur geologists and collectors, often expert in their localities, with whom Arkell was pleased to share ideas and excursions. They are identified when possible in the entries. H.1 Adie, R.J. and Trendall, A.F. 1953 Jurassic ammonites in Antarctica. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence H.2 Allen, P. Correspondence, notes, report by Arkell on ‘Derived Jurassic ammonites’ collected by Allen. Allen was Professor of Geology at Reading University. H.3 Atkinson, E.O. 123 1955 1943 Atkinson, an amateur geologist and palaeontologist, describing finds in various pits and workings in the Fairford village postmaster at Coln St Aldwyns. He rather touchingly invites Arkell 'to accept the hospitality of a village post office’ to inspectpits 'within cycling distance’. (Gloucestershire) area, was the Atkinson, R.J.C. 1944-1945 Palaeolith from Cassington, Oxfordshire. H.4 H.5 H.6 * “ Balk, R. Bigot, A. 1937 1937, 1939 1955-1958 H.6A Brighton, A.G. Letters chiefly to P. Allen on Arkell's last illness. H.7 Bullard, E.C. Nd Enquiry enclosing annotated map. Great about Oolite limestone boundaries, H.8 Callomon, J.H. 1951-1956 Letters 1955-1956 are Arkell's manuscript letters, sent by Callomon in response to an appeal by W.J. Kennedy. Also the correspondence and recalling his association with Arkell, described at greater length in A.5A. forwarding Callomon letter 1998 from W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 124 Correspondence read chemistry Callomon Oxford and became Professor of Chemistry at London University. He met Arkell at Oxford and regarded him as a mentor. See A.5A. at H.9 Cunnington, R.H. 1943-1944 Sarsenstones. H.10 Dietrich, W.O. 1936-1938 Ammonites. H.11, H.12 Donovan, D.T. 1948-1958 Two sets of correspondence, sent by Donovan for the Arkell archive in 1985. It is a two-way correspondence though Arkell's letters and cards predominate. The content is almost entirely professional, on sites, identifications, and publications, conducted in friendly terms and referring to visits and meetings. There is some overlap with correspondence elsewhere. Arkell had arranged a visit Of biographical interest are the last letters 1956-1958 in H.12. to Donovan in September 1956 when he hadhis first stroke. The visit was cancelled by telegram, and letters from his family describe his condition and the progress of his partial recovery. resume correspondence but with difficulty and, as time went on, some disappointment, though he remained dedicated to his life work. The last letters, after April 1958, are exchanged with A.G. Brighton following Arkell's death. 1957 Arkell was able to In Correspondence, 26 February 1948-26 November 1952. 1948-1952 Correspondence, 10 February 1953-4 June 1958. 1953-1958 H.13 Douvillé, F. 1938 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 125 Correspondence Edmonds, J.M. and others. 1948-1958 General geological research news and many exchanges with Edmonds on loans, identifications and return of specimens from Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Arkell's work on Bathonian ammonites. Arkell's last letter is dated 11 April 1958, regretting the disabilities which prevented him from working normally in the Sedgwick Museum. for Final correspondence, about Arkell's death and funeral, is with A.G. Brighton and includes a spoof note written by him (undated) on the proliferation of doubtful new species Brighton's accompanying card begins 'I was surprised to find Arkell had preserved this - | wrote it in exasperation’. nomenclature. their and Enay, R. H.16, H.17 Fowler, J. 1957 1934-1958 The contents of the two folders were received from different sources and are retained as separate units. The material in H.16, received from H.S Torrens (in 1998), is more extensive and covers a longer timespan. It may include the to by Fowler's daughter in 1958 (see F.16) but this is not clear. referred letters The material in H.17 was received from the Oxford University Museum of Natural History via Mr H.P. Powell in November 1998. There is some overlap in the correspondence in 1944 (specimens of Hecticoceras langi), 1955 (specimens of Parkinsonia) and 1956 (Spiroceras). Letters and cards from Arkell to Fowler. 1934-1958 The correspondence begins in October 1934 following Fowler's complimentary reception of Arkell's Jurassic System in Great Britain and continues with exchangesof information, specimens, reprints etc, and, unusually, some personal news. Arkell's letter of 2 February 1945 refers to his love of field geology which determined his career despite his father's preference for the law,to his health, and to the wartime losses among French geologists and at Caen University. Arkell treated Fowler and his work with great respect, arranging deposit for his specimens in the Sedgwick Museum and consulting him W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 126 Correspondence specimensin the Sedgwick Museum and consulting him on localities and types. His letter of 26 December 1952 describes his Christmas visit to King's College Chapel with his three sons of whom he wasvery proud. His last letters of 1957 and 1958 are touching about his infirmity and longing to undertake field work again. Correspondence with Fowler. 1940-1956 Exchanges, identification and deposit of specimens. Correspondence of June - August 1956 (also referred to in H.16) deals with a find made by the young H.S. Torrens whom Fowler writes of in enthusiastic terms as ‘a rare boy’. House, M.R. 1954- 1958 Photocopied letters and cards, sent by House July 1954 - February 1958, with a covering letter to W.J. Kennedy in October 1998. Hudson, J.D. 1956-1958 Letters and cards, sent by Hudson with a covering letter to W.J. Kennedy in December 1998. H.20 Jope, W.E.M. 1946, 1947 Correspondence on the result of digs at Ascot under Wychwood, Oxfordshire. Jope read chemistry at Oriel College, Oxford and was a biochemist based at the London Hospital. In 1949 he moved to Queen's University, Belfast, as Lecturer, Reader and Professor of Archaeology. He retained a base in Oxford and served on many archaeological committees. the preparation of Oxford Stone. Arkell acknowledges his help in H.21 Mauberge, P.L. 1948-1956 Arkell's tagged folder of extensive letters and cards exchanged with Mauberge (geologist at Nancy, France). Mauberge's letters, very densely typed, are in French. W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 127 Correspondence in are letters English Arkell's of the correspondence. After a short four-day visit to Paris in April 1950 (his first trip abroad since his seriousillness) he felt sufficiently fluent to write at least part of his letters in French. at the start in work progress, Bathonian ammonites, zones, Detailed exchanges on reports on specimens etc., mainly of identifications, Bajocian and and publications, including a proposed joint paper on the Oxfordian. declined to be a co-author on Mauberge's paper on the Argiles de la Woevre, but accepted identifications (correspondence, May 1953). A little personal newsis included. acknowledgement Arkell visits his of H.22 Mawer, A. (English Place-Name Society) Spelling of Cotswolds. H.23 Myres, J.N. Bodleian Library book purchases. 1932 1954 H.24 Passmore, A.D. 1938-1943 Correspondence with Arkell (Passmore's letters and cards only) is on collecting, and damage to specimens. Passmore was an antique dealer in Swindon, and a keen collector of fossils and palaeoliths. In 1955 he gave his collection of Jurassic fossils from the Swindon area, collected by him over a period of 60 years from exposures no longer accessible, to the Oxford University Museum of correspondence from him is also held. He died in March 1958. History, Natural where file of a H.25 Riley, D.N. 1943-1945 Correspondence (Riley's Riley's observations, ideas and publications. letters and cards only) on At the time of this correspondence, Riley was a Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force, who had become interested settlements revealed by crop marks observedduring his sorties. ancient Thames Valley in W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 128 Correspondence H.26 H.27 H.28 H.29 H.30 H.31 Roman, F. St George, J.K. Includes manuscript and typescript drafts by Arkell, on the geology of the Isle of Wight and the Dorsetcoast, for a proposedcollaborative work. Schindewolf, O.H. Spencer, H.E.P. Includes material on East Anglian geology. Stille, H. Tutcher, J.W. 1937-1938 1950 1936-1937 1956 1936-1939 1939 Twoletters from Arkell to Tutcher requesting information. Sent by J.H. Callomon with a note: 'Theseslipped out of my copy of which had previously belonged to J.W. Tutcher'. Received 23 March 1999. Yorkshire, Phillips, 1829, H.32 Westermann, G. and others. 1953-1956 Loans and identifications, mainly Bajocian. miscellaneous notes and tables by Arkell. Includes H.33 Wills, L.J. H.34-H.35 Wright, C.W. 1943 1938-1956 The documents were received from different sources and are therefore kept separate though theyare virtually identical in datespan. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 129 Correspondence C.W. Wright, knownto Arkell as ‘Bill’ but more commonly as Claud or Willy, was oneof Arkell's closest friends and collaborators, and one of the few who addressed him as ‘Jos’. He andhis brother E.V. (Ted) Wright (see H.36) were an exceptional pair. Born in 1917 and 1918 respectively, they were both educated at Charterhouse and Christ Church Oxford, and both served and sustained injuries in the Second World War. Subsequently C.W. made his career as a civil servant in the Ministry of Defence (Deputy Under-Secretary of State) and the Department of Education, while E.V. became a Director of Reckitt and Colman. Both remained enthusiastic and expert polymathic remarkable discovery, in 1937 on the Humber foreshore near their boyhood homeat Ferriby Hall, of the 'Ferriby Boats’, now identified as the largest known European Bronze Age cargo vessels. amateurs, since their first Both were honoured by learned societies and by universities; in 1987 both received honorary doctorates from the University of Hull. H.34 Letters from Arkell to Wright, received from Wright by W.J. Kennedy, August 1938-September 1952. 1938-1952 A fewletters from others are also included. material by W.J. Kennedy relating Mainly professional correspondence on identifications, Includes c.v. of Wright and nomenclature, publications. to the a little Award presentation Strimple the Palaeontological Society to Wright. In his reply Wright says, 'l am proud to be an amateur’ and refers to his early collaboration with ‘Jurassic Arkell’. A little material about the Caen University appeal is also included. the of of at Christ The correspondence is friendly in tone, with a few personal items. When it opens, Wright wasstill an undergraduate already publishing in geological journals. Arkell's letter of 27 July 1939 congratulates him on his degree 'To have taken a 2nd in Greats in your stride while leading a full and balanced life and attaining expert standards in Cretaceous palaeontology is no mean achievement’. Church though Much of the later correspondence here and in H.35 refers Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. collaborative work the on to In view of the later serious breakdownin Arkell's health, usually attributed to wartime stress, it is interesting to note that on 23 February 1941 he writes: 'l am back for W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 130 Correspondence The Sunday after my first week as a civil servant. strenousity is highly it so far stimulating and healthy. | am lucky in working with bright people who generate ideas’. fantastic, but | find H.35 Letters from Arkell to Wright received from the Oxford Museum of Natural History via W.J. Kennedy, January 1953-July 1956. 1953-1956 Mainly identifications and nomenclature arising from the Treatise. Includes a manuscript note 'Nomenclature of families and superfamilies' headed 'sent to the Journ. Pal 14/2/54’. Notin Bibliography. H.36 Wright, E.V. 1944-2001 Photocopies of correspondence relating to the Caen University appeal, sent to W.J. Kennedy with a covering note 18 November 1998. Includes Wright's manuscript account of events in June 1944 (pp.2-5), written 1986. Obituary notices of Wright, who died in May 2001, are included here. E.V. Wright was the brother of C.W. See the introduction to H.34, H.35 above. H.37 Shorter correspondence. 1936-1952 Thanks for identifications etc. In alphabetical order. publications, requests for information, H.38 Shorter unidentified correspondence. 1937-1939 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 131 SECTION J NON TEXT MATERIAL,J.1-J.52 1939-c 1955 This section has been enlarged, at a very late date, by the discovery of additional material, someof it related to This new material is specific publications or projects. listed as an addendum at cross- references given wherepossible. J.35-J.52, with The material is presented as follows J.1-J.13 ILLUSTRATIONS FOR PUBLICATIONS: DRAWINGS, PHOTOGRAPHS, FIGURES J.14-J.34 MAPS J.35-J.52 ADDENDUM W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 132 Non-text material J.1-J.13 ILLUSTRATIONS FOR PUBLICATIONS: DRAWINGS, PHOTOGRAPHS, FIGURES 1939-1954, nd J.1 J.2 J.3 J.4 J.5 J.6 Illustrations figures. for publications: drawings, photographs, Plates for ‘The ammonite succession at the Woodham Brick Company’s pit’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. vol. 95 (1939). 1939 Photographs and drawings for figures. 1941 All figures are identified, some with detailed descriptions. Some with Geological Society stamp and probably for ‘The gastropods of the Purbeck Beds’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 97 (1941). 1 envelope. photographs 2 Cotswolds, 1949, 1950. of finds at Boxwell Court, South 1949, 1950 Related to work on Great Oolite. ‘Arabia Cretaceous’. Photographs of ammonites in envelope with a note ‘Sent to C.W. Wright 7 March 1950. Returned 15 May 1950’. See correspondence with Wright in H.34. Miscellaneous photographs of the Dorset Coast and Ringstead Bay. ‘The Geology of Oxford’. Nd Nd 1947 1 box of pen drawings of corals, molluscs, gastropods, sponges, palaeoliths from the Oxford area in large format plates, instructions to printers. identified and with all See E.93. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 133 Non-text material J.7-J.10 ‘Oxford Stone’. 1947 Miscellaneous material Arkell’s study of building stone. relating to the book and to See C.49-C.84. J.7 Correspondence with E.J Bowen. 1946 Correspondence is about seismograph readings of the traffic vibration in High Street Oxford recorded by Bowen in December 1932 and reproduced with permission by Arkell in Oxford Stone, page 157. Includes queries by Arkell and the original celluloid drawing for use in the book. J.8 Arkell’s list of plates. c 1947 Plates 1-37, pasted on verso of manuscript drafts for miscellaneous other publications. Miscellaneous duplicate and spare photographs. J.9 J.10 J.11 Miscellaneous figures, diagrams and maps. c 1947 Large scale pen drawings of mason’s tools. c 1947 1 box of maps and drawings for paper on the ancient channel of the Thames and its palaeoliths (Proceedings of the Prehistorical Society (1948)). 1948 Includes maps by M.S Treacher and 45 plates of drawings of palaeoliths deposited by K.P Oakley, 29 December 1948. See C.148-C.155. J.12 Drawings of palaeoliths. c 1948 Drawingsare lettered A-N, with a descriptive list by Arkell. W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 134 Non-text material J.13 Original drawings, diagrams and plates for volumes of Arkell’s monograph on English Bathonian ammonites, c 1948. c 1948-1954 Also includes some corrected proofs and two letters 1953, 1954 from R.V Melville. See C.23-C.48. J.14-J.34 MAPS 1939-c 1955 J.14-J.31 6 inch field maps 1939-c 1955 heavily annotated These are Ordnance Survey sheets almost all coloured record and stratigraphic features observed during many years of field excursions. Some are dated and described on the folders and some have dates on the maps themselves. boundaries and topographical by Arkell. They The areas covered are roughly Somerset, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Oxfordshire and the Cotswolds with a smaller area of Eastern England. J.14-J.19 Wiltshire and Berkshire. 1939-1950 J.14 J.15 J.16 J.17 J.18 ‘Marcham-Farringdon 1938-1939’. See also J.36. ‘Highworth 1939-1940’. ‘Purton 1940’. See also J.39. V.W.H. [Vale of the White Horse] 1945-46’. ‘Wootton Basset 1949’. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 135 Non-text material J.19 ‘Yatton Regnell and Castle Combe’ 1950. Not annotated. J.20-J.22 Cotswolds and Bath area. 1947-c 1952 J.20 J.24 J.22 ‘South Cotswolds and Bath area’, some dated 1948. 1948 ‘F.E [Fuller Earth] of Cotswolds’, some dated 1947, 1948. See also J.43. 1947-1948 ‘South of Bath’. c 1952 Maps received April 1995 from D.T Donovan with a covering letter in which he explains that they were part of Arkell’s project on Bathonian stratigraphy, part published in their collaborative paper 1952. See also E.123, E.124, J.43. J.23-J.29 Cotswolds and Oxford area. ‘Wheatley-Beckley 1940’. ‘Islip and Charlton 1943’. ‘Cunmor coral reefs’. J.23 J.24 J.25 J.26 1940-1955, nd 1940 1943 Nd ‘Woodstock and Cherwell Valley, 1943 and January 1947’. 1943-1955 Includes brief correspondence from F.W Shotton 1955. J.27 ‘Burford, Taynton, Sherborne Quarries’, 1946. 1946 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material J.28 J.29 ‘Evenlode Gorge’. ‘Charlbury Area’. No annotations. J.30-J.31 Eastern Counties. ‘Clipsham, Bytam’ (Leicestershire). J.30 J.31 136 Nd Nd Nd Nd ‘Barnham, West Stow,etc. 1950’ (Suffolk). 1950 Not annotated. J.32-J.34 Miscellaneous 1940-1954 J.32 Map of distribution of Corallian rocks in Oxfordshire Nd area. Drawings of quarries in the Cornbrash. J.33 Mapof ‘Elburz Coal Survey-1940’. 1940 This map wasprobably sentto Arkell 1951-1954. See F.52. J.34 ‘Sutton Bingham’ (Northamptonshire). 1954 Maps and notes usedin Arkell’s paper ‘Three complete sections of the Cornbrash’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond., vol. 65 (1954). J.35-J.52 ADDENDUM J.35-J.46 Maps, charts, drawings, photographs for publications. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 137 Non-text material J.35 Map of the Upper Corallian Beds round Boars Hill and Cumnor, Oxfordshire. 1935 This was Plate 6 accompanying Arkell’s paper ‘On the nature, origin and climatic significance of the coral reefs in the vicinity of Oxford’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol 91 (1935). J.35A Photographs of Ordnance Survey map of Dorset surveyed 1889 by Sir A. Strahan, sent to Arkell in 1936 for use in his paper on Dorsettectonics. See C.8, E.79. 1936 1939 1940 1941 1941 J.36 J.37 J.38 J.39 J.40 ‘Map of the Corallian Beds between Marcham and Farringdon, Berkshire’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol 50 (1939). See also J.14. Map of Germany,with a note by Arkell ‘Reproduced from the only copy in at the Geological Survey Library...July 1940’, related to Arkell’s paper ‘Mineral Resources of Continental Europe’, Nature, Lond., 1941. Britain, See also E.84. ‘Map of the Corallian Beds around Highworth, Wiltshire by W.J. Arkell 1940’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol 52 (1941). See also J.15. ‘Map of the Coralian Beds around Purton, Wiltshire by W.J. Arkell 1940’, Wiltsh. Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag. vol 49 (1941). See also J.16. ‘Geology of W.J.Arkell’. the Miltons and Haseleys, Oxon by 1944 Three maps, published in Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol 100 (1944). W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material ‘The geology of the Evenlode gorge, Oxfordshire’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol 58 (1947). Index to plate 1. See also E.94, E.95. ‘The structure of Spring Bottom Ridge and theorigin of the mud-slides, Osmington, Dorset’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond., vol 62 (1951). charts, diagrams, Maps, of Geologists’ Association Meeting, 5 May 1950, at which Arkell’s paper was read. photographs, note 138 1947 1951 J.41 J.42 J.43 J.44 J.45 J.46 Three geological maps of the Gloucestershire and Cotswold areas, with dates 1946-1950, perhaps for paper with D.T. Donovan on ‘Fullers Earth of the Cotswolds’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol 107 (1952). 1946-1950 See also E.123, E.124, J.21, J.22. Maps of the south Dorset coast, Abbotsbury, Osmington, Ringstead areas, annotated and coloured, one dated 1953, perhaps for revisions to papers with C.W. and H.J.O. Wright, Mem. Geol. Surv. U.K. 1947, revised 1952. 1952, 1953 See also E.88-E.92. ‘Mere Fault’, drawing by B.H. Mottram 1954. See also E.91. Small-scale map of the world, with geological indications by Arkell, undated, perhaps for Jurassic Geology of the World, 1956. See also E.139-E.161. 1954 c 1956 J.47-J.50 Ordnance Survey maps. These are all of Dorset. Arkell wrote extensively on the area and it has not been possible to relate all the documentsto a specific publication. W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 J.47 J.48 J.49 J.50 Non-text material ‘Bincombe- Sutton Poyntz’ Maps of the coastal area, Portland, Ringstead, Worth Matravers, Swanage, signed and dated February 1940. Vertical sections of geological formations in Dorset locations, numbered 1-5, some with annotations by Arkell. Extensive maps of annotated and/or coloured by Arkell. Dorset, on various scales, all 139 1937 1940 Nd Nd J.51-J.52 Swindon. J.51 J.52 c 1918-1920 ‘Large scale road map of twenty miles about Swindon’, undated but c 1918-1920. Arkell has added geological formations in colour, and inked in roads centred on Highworth, perhaps his cycling trips. One is marked ‘From Wellington [Arkell’s school] 50 miles’. Ordnance Survey map with the area west of Swindon inked and coloured. Nd W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS ABEL, Othenio ADIE, Raymond AINSLEY,Basil AITKEN, William George ALLEN, Percival ALLEN, Robin S. ALLISON, Archibald ALTINLI, I.E. ANDERSON, Ernest Masson ANDERSON, Frederick William ANDREW, Gerald ANGLO-IRANIAN OIL COMPANY ANGLO-SAXON PETROLEUM COMPANY LTD ARABIAN AMERICAN OIL COMPANY ARBER, Muriel A. ARKELL, Anthony John ARKELL, Graham ARKELL,Julian and Mervyn ARKELL, Peter ARKELL, Raymond ARKELL, Sir Thomas Noel ATKINSON, E.O. ATKINSON, Richard John Copland 140 H.37 H.14 H.34 F.32 A.5A, A.10, E.145, H.2 E.145 C.12 C.22 F.40 C.156, E.47, E.145 C.110, C.111 See also C.107 E.126, F.35 C.16, C.22 E.117, F.5 A.10 See H.29 A.10, A.20, C.107 C.176 A.10 A.5A A.5, H.12 E.86 H.3 C.74, H.4 AXTELL, Richard J. C.56, C.69, C.78 BADEN-POWELL, Donald See POWELL, Donald BADEN- W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 141 Index of correspondents BAILEY, Sir Edward Battersby A.10, E.84, G.2 BAIRSTOW, Leslie BAKER, J.M. BALK,Robert BANNISTER, N. BARBER, Cecil Thomas BASSE de MENORVAL,Eliane BATHER, Francis Arthur BAYKAL, Fuat BAYLISS, Donald G. BERSIER, Arnold BIGOT, Alexandre Pierre Désiré BINNIE, Alfred Maurice BLACK, Maurice BOMFORD, Guy BOWEN, Edmund John BOWEN, H. Collins BP EXPLORATION COMPANY LTD BRADFORD, John Spencer Purvis BRADLEY,Peter BRADLEY,Peter Colley SYLVESTER- BRAMKAMP, Richard A. BREASTED, James Henry C.9, E.172-E.174, E.176, E.177, E.179 C.67 H.5 E.90 C.171, C.172, C.174 See MENORVAL, Eliane BASSE de E.32 C.22 E.205 C.156 H.6 A.10, C.54, C.57, C.74 E.29 C.29, C.34, F.6 A.10, C.70, C.73, J.7 E.138 C.16-C.18, C.85, C.111, C.170, C.171, C.174, E.43, E.126, E.148, a also D’ARCY EXPLORATION CoO. LTD E.81 E.146 C.28, C.29, C.31, C.33, C.39, C.115, C.116, C.175, E.83, E.101, F.8, G.1 E.117, F.5 C.103, C.104, C.105 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 142 Index of correspondents BREED, Jack BRENTNALL, H.C. E.152 E.86, E.96, E.99, E.101, E.114 BREUIL, Henri Edouard Prosper C.128 BRIGHTON, Albert George BRINKMANN, R. BROMEHEAD, C.N. BROUWER, A. BROWN, E. Ernest S. BRUNNSCHWEILER, Rudi O. BRYSON, John Norman BUCHER, Walter H. BUCKMAN, Sydney Savory A.10, C.6, C.9, C.43, E.54, E.55, E.80, E.108, E.117, E.121, E.194, F.1-F.3, F.49, H.6A, H.12, H.14 See also E.200 E.131 C.26, C.78, C.179 E.131 E.29 C.9, E.131 C.65 C.85 E.1 BULLARD, Sir Edward (Crisp) A.10, H.7 BULMAN, Oliver Meredith Boone BULTMANN, Rudolf BUNTING, R.H. BURGESS, Frederick C.85 E.131 E.201 C.74 BURMAH OIL COMPANY LTD C.10-C.12, F.11 BUSSON, Georges BUTLER, Arthur James BUXTON, John CALLOMON, John Hannes CALVER, Michael A. CARDINET, J. C.5 G.2, G.6 C.68 A.5A, C.162, E.146, F.12, F.48, F.49, H.8 See also H.31 F.3 E.44 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 143 Index of correspondents CARLYLE, E.L. CAROZZI, A. CARPENTER, G. D. Hale CARVALHO, G. Soares de CASEY, Raymond CHANNON, Percival Joseph CHATWIN, Charles Panzetta CLARK,J. Grahame D. CLARK,Sir Wilfrid Edward Le Gros COBLEY,David H. COLLIEU, Eric George COLLIGNON, Maurice COLO, G. COOKE, Colin A. CORNET, André CORRY, Andrew COSTIN, William Conrad COX, Leslie Reginald COX, P.T. CREED, Rufus S. CRESPIN, Irene CRIPPS, John CUNNINGTON, M.E. CUNNINGTON, R.H. CUVILLIER, Jean C.67 C.156 A.10 C.20 C.13, H.37 C.37, C.38, C.39, E.131 A.10, C.26, C.160, E.45, E.46, E.83, G.2, G.3 C.150 A.10 A.5 C.65 F.13 C.42 C.67 C.5 H.37 C.69 C.9, C.10, C.21, C.25, C.27, C.28, C.29, C.33, E.14, £.83, £.101, E.105-E.110, £.117, E.126, E.172, E.182, G.6, H.17 C.170, C.171 C.68 C.9 C.57 E.60 C.134, E.60, H.9 C.110 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 144 Index of correspondents DALE, Sir Henry Hallett DALTON, R. Francis DANGEARD, L. DANIEL, Glyn Edmund D’ARCY EXPLORATION COMPANY LTD DAVIES, E. Morley DEAN, Noel DEAN, William Thornton DECHASEAUxX, Colette DESIO, Ardito DIETRICH, Wilhelm Otto DINHAM, C. Hawker E.2 E.133, E.134 E.44 C.150 C.28, C.170, C.183, E.90, E.156, F.33, F.52 See also BP EXPLORATION CO. LTD E.31 C.57 C.122 H.37 C.111 H.10 F.45 DIXON, Ernest Edward Leslie E.45, E.80, F.45 DODD, R. Fielding DOLLFUS, Gustave Frédéric DONOVAN, Desmond Thomas DORN, Paul DOUGLAS, JamesArchibald (‘Jock’) DOUVILLE, Henri Ferdinand DREW, Charles D. DUBAR, G. DUTERTRE, A.P. EAGAR, Richard Michael Cardwell C.54 E.2 C.5, C.13, C.30, C.32, C.35, C.39, C.40, C.117-C.122, C.162, E.123, E.146, E.181, F.9, H.11, H.12, J.22 E.57 C.10, C.152 See also A.19 F.35, H.13 C.146, E.90, E.138, E.201, E.207 C.4, C.35, C.120 E.51 C.28 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 145 Index of correspondents EAMES, Frank Evelyn C.16, E.126, F.35 EDMONDS, James Marmaduke EDMUNDS, F.H. ELTON, Charles Sutherland EMBERGER, Jacques EMDEN, Alfred Brotherston ENAY,R. ERBEN, H.K. ESDAILE, Edmund EVANS, P. EVITT, William R. FAIRBRIDGE, Rhodes W. FALCON, NormanLeslie FALLOT, P. FARRAR, Raymond A.H. FISHER, Herbert Albert Laurens FISHER, James FLEMING, Sir Charles Alexander FORD, Edmund Brisco FOSTER, A.J. FOWLER, Joseph FOX, Harold Munro FREBOLD, Hans FURNISH, William M. C.28, C.31, E.206, F.27, F.48, F.49, G.6, H.14 C.168, C.179, H.37 E.205 C.5, F.14 C.58 H.15 C.21 C.58 C.10-C.12 C.164, E.145 E.131 E.148 E.146 E.133, E.138 E.32 C.124 F.26 A.10, C.63 C.54 A.10, C.26, C.146, E.82, F.16, H.16, H.17 E.171 C.119 A.5, E.146 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 146 Index of correspondents GARROD, Heathcote William GEYER, O.F. GIBSON, Strickland GLAESSNER, Martin Fritz GLAUERT, L. GLENISTER, Brian F. GODDARD, Edward Hungerford GODFREY,Walter H. GORE, Charles Herbert Henry C.67 F.4 C.59, C.65 C.9, C.164 E.131 C.9 E.85 C.74 E.101 GREEN, David C.59, C.78, C.79, C.80 GRIGSON, Geoffrey Edward Harvey C.59 GUILLAUME, Louis GUNTHER, A. Everard HAAS, Otto R. HALLAM, A.D. HANCOCK,Jake Michael HANNA, G. Dallas HARDEN, Donald Benjamin HARLAND, Walter Brian HARRIS, Thomas Maxwell HARRISON, John Vernon HARVEY,John H. HASSALL, Averil Grafton HAWKINS, Herbert Leader HEDBERG, Hollis D. HEMINGWAY,John Edwin HEMMING, Francis C.28, C.31, C.36 E.32, E.147 C.118, C.121, C.122, E.145, E.173 F.46 A.5A, F.4, F.49 E.131 C.59, C.147, E.85 E.60 E.101, F.52 A.11, C.21, E.148 C.84 C.59 A.11, C.151 C.166 A.11, F.18, G.4 C.117, C.118, C.160, E.171, E.174, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 147 Index of correspondents HERON, Alexander Macmillan HESTER, G.W. HEY, R.W. HISCOCK,Walter George HODGKIN, Robert Howard HODSON, Frank HOFFMANN, K. HOLDER, Helmut HOLLINGWORTH, Sydney Ewart HOLMES, S.C.A. HOUSE, Michael Robert HUDSON, John Douglas HUDSON, Robert George Spencer HUF, Fr. Wolfgang HUGHES, Norman HUGHES, T. Harold HUME, W.F. HUNTER, Alan HUSAIN, Katherine HUXLEY, Sir Julian Sorell IBRAHIM, Mahmoud M. IMLAY, Ralph W. IRAQ PETROLEUM COMPANY LTD IRESON, J. JACOB, Ch. E.182, £.184 C.12 E.45, E.46 G.1 C.70 C.68 C.116 C.35 A.13, E.146, E.183 A11 F.49 C.162, E.138, F.19, H.18 H.19 C.8, F.20 H.32 G.1 C.55, C.67 C.109 C.59 A5 A.11 C.109 E.121, £.145 C.8, F.20 C.27 C.5 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 148 Index of correspondents JACOB, Ernest Fraser JAWORSKI, E. JOHNSON, John JONES, J.B. JOPE, W. Edward Martyn KAY, G. Marshall KEEN, Hugh H. KELLAWAY,G.A. C.65 E.414 E.205 E.99, E.100 C.60, C.72, H.20 C.85, E.145, E.146 C.73 C.25, C.160, E.46 KENT, Sir Peter (Percy Edward) A.11, C.28, C.171, E.43, E.156, F.52 KING, Lester C. KING, Philip B. E.146 C.85 KING, William Bernard Robinson A.7, A.11, ©.129, C.139, F.35 KIRKALDY,John Francis KIRKWOOD, John KITCHIN, Finlay Lorimer A.11, E.60 A.11 E.31 KNOWLES, Sir Francis Howe Seymour A.11, ©.130, C.144 KOBAYASHI, T. KOENIGSWALD, Gustav Heinrich Ralph von KRAUTWASSER,, [?] KRUMBECK,Lothar KUMM, A. KUMMEL, Bernhard LACAILLE, A.D. LAFITTE, R. E.155 E.131 E.148 C.33, C.41 E.146 E.117, E.146, £.168, £.169, E.171, E.173-E.176, E.179-E.185 C.131, C.147 C.4, £.117 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 149 Index of correspondents LAMBERT, B. LANDON, T. LANG, William Dickson LEE, Philip R. LEEDS, Edward Thurlow LEES, George Martin LEWIS, William Vaughan LIEB, Fritz LIGHTFOOT, Robert Henry LITTLE, O.H. LUCAS, Gabriel LUPHER, R.L. LYS, Francis John MACFADYEN, William Archibald McKERROW, W. Stuart McLEARN, F.H. MACNEIL, F. Stearns McWHAE, J. Ross MARTIN, A.J. MARWICK,John MATSUMOTO, Tatsuro MAUBERGE, PierreL. MAWER,, Allen MELMORE, Sidney MELVILLE, Richard Valentine C.54 C.70 A.11, E.133, G.3, G.5 C.55, C.73, C.80 A.11, C.142 C.85, C.111, F.52 E.132, E.133 H.32 C.61, E.32, E.131 C.103, C.106, C.109 C.4, C.5, E.146 E.131 C.70 C.123 C.34 C.28, E.131 H.37 C.9 C.35 E.154 C.13, F.21 C.4, F.22, H.21 See also A.1 H.22 A.11 A.11, C.27, C.28, C.31, C.33, C.121, C.159, C.160, C.175, E.46, E.101, E.107, E.108, E.110, E.114, F.3, F.24, F.45, F.47, F.50, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 150 Index of correspondents MENORVAL, Eliane BASSE de MILLER, Arthur K. MILNE, J.G. MINN, Henry MOHLER, W. MOORE, Raymond Cecil MORRIS, NancyP. MOTTISTONE, Henry John Alexander Seely, 2nd Baron MOTTRAM, Brian MUIR-WOOD, Helen Marguerite G.3, G.4, H.17, J.13 E.146, E.175 See also G.6 E.168, E.169, E.171, E.173-E.175, E.179-E.182, E.185 C.61, C.66 C.61 H.37 C.164, E.146, E.170, E.171, E.173- E.177, E.179-E.178 See also E.149, F.24 A.11 C.58 A.11, E.91 See WOOD, Helen Marguerite MUIR- MURRAY, George W. MYNORS, R.A.B. MYRES, John Nowell NEAVERSON, Ernest NEWELL, Norman D. NEWTON, William NORRINGTON, Sir Arthur Lionel Pugh NORTH, Frederick John NORTH, F.K. NUTTALL, W.L.F. OAKESHOTT, Sir Walter Fraser C.110, ©.111 C.65 E.85, H.23 E.29, E.51A E.182 C.144 C.70 E.82 H.37 C.11 C.73 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 151 Index of correspondents OAKLEY, Kenneth Page OMARA,S. OSMASTON, F.C. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS OXLEY, Cameron D. A.11, C.123, C.132-C.134, C.147, C.149, E.207 See also J.11 E.147 E.206 E.30 C.33 PALAEONTOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY E.14, E.39, E.102-E.110, E.170, F.3 PANTIN, Carl Frederick Abel PANTIN, William Abel PANZER, E.E.L. (‘Pansy’) PASSMORE, Arthur D. PATEMAN, D.S. PATTERSON, John PEERS, Sir Charles PENNIMAN, T.K. PERIAM, Cliff E. PFANNENSTIEL, Max PHILLPOTS, Brian S. PLASKETT, Harry Hemley PLAYFORD, Phillip E. POLUNIN, Nicholas E.171 C.66, C.68 A.15 H.24 F.28 C.19 C.54 C.135 C.35 E.131 C.61 A.11 E.131 A.11, C.61 POWELL, Donald Ferlys Wilson BADEN- A.11, ©.136, C.144, E.94, F.29 PRIDER, Rex T. PRINGLE, John PRUVOST, Pierre Eugéne PUGH, C.W. E.131 E.31 F.30 C.61 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 152 Index of correspondents RASTALL, Robert Heron REELY, A. REYNOLDS, Sidney Hugh RICHARDSON, Linsdall RICKARD, RL. RICKETTS, H.W. RILEY, D.N. RODGERS, John ROGER, Jean ROMAN, Frederic ROSENKRANTZ, Alfred ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS RUEDEMANN, Paul RUEGG, Werner RUSSELL,J.L. ST GEORGE, J.K. SALISBURY,Albert Edward SANDFORD, Kenneth Stuart SATO, Tadashi SCHAFFER, R.J. SCHINDEWOLF, Otto Heinrich SCHMIDT, Hermann SCHNEEGANS, D. SCHUCHERT, Charles SCOTT, C.H. E.14, E.29, E.31 C.28, C.29, E.42, E.131 C.29, E.29 A.11, C.25, C.36, C.63, C.78, C.116, E.31, E.109 C.68 E.50 H.25 C.164, C.165 C.28, C.161, E.117 H.26 E.148 C.62, C.69 E.122, E.147 C.21 C.78 H.27 E.146 A.12, C.103, C.104, C.137, G.6, H.14 C.13 A.12, C.62 E.181, E.182, H.28 See also E.180 C.21, £.131 H.37 A.6 C.73 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 153 Index of correspondents SCOTT, D.H. SEDDING, Rev. E.D. SEITZ,O. SHEPPARD, Thomas SHERRINGTON, Sir Charles Scott C.9 C.147 C.156 E.49 A.12 SHOTTON, Frederick William A.7, A.12, C.85, E.94, J.26 SIMMONS, Jack SIMPSON, G.W. SIMPSON, Scott SISAM, Kenneth SMALLCOMBE, W.A. SMITH, Alic Halford SMITH, J. H. Boys SMITH, W. Campbell SOLLAS, William Johnson SORNAY,J. SOUTHERN, H.N. SPENCER, Harold Evelyn Peere SPILLER, Reginald Charles STAMP, Sir Laurence Dudley STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF EGYPT STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF NEW JERSEY STENTON, Sir Frank Merry STEVENSON, G.H. STILLE, Hans C.76 C.56 C.163, F.49 E.30, G.6 C.151 C.54 C.74 A.12 E.14, £.31 C.161 E.206 H.29 A.12, E.101, E.205 C.138 C.108, E.122 E.147 E.85 C.70 A.13, C.85, E.131, E.146, H.30 STRATTON, Frederick John Marrian C.109 STUBBLEFIELD, Sir (Cyril) James A.12, B.35, E.39, E.46, E.106- E.110, E.170-E.172, E.179 W.J. Arkell NCUACS102/1/02 154 Index of correspondents SWINFORD, George SWINNERTON, Henry Hurd SYLVESTER BRADLEY,Peter Colley C.56 E.60 See BRADLEY,Peter Colley Sylvester SYNNOT, Ronald Victor Okes HART- C.69 TAITT, A.H. TANSLEY,Sir Arthur George TAYLOR, James Haward TAYLOR, M.V. TERMIER, Henri TERRA, Hellmut de C.170, C.171 C.123 A.12, C.62 C.62, H.37 C.42 H.37 THOMAS, Henry Dighton E.172, G.3, G.5 THOMPSON, Rev. James Matthew THOMPSON, John Harold Crossley THOMSON, Michael THURRELL,Reginald G. TOMKEIEFF, Sergei Ilvanovitch TOMLIN, John Read Le Brockton TOMLINSON, Mabel E. TORRENS, Hugh Simon TOWLE, F.A. TREACHER, Llewellyn TREACHER, Mabel S. TRENDALL,A.F. TRUEMAN, Sir Arthur Elijah TURNER, H. W. TURNER, John Selwyn E.205 C.70 C.17 F.4 A.12, E.125 E.83 A.12, C.139, E.94 See H.16, H.17 E.2, E£.29 C.154, E.1 C.140, C.152-C.154 H.14 E.31 A.12 C.85, C.111, E.146 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 155 Index of correspondents TUTCHER, John William E.1, E.13, E.32, E.200, H.31 See also C.27, E.63, E.72 VEALE, Sir Douglas VERSEY,H.C. WADDINGTON, Conrad Hal WAGER, LawrenceRickard WALLIS, F.S. WARMAN, H.R. WATSON, David Meredith Seares WATTS, William Whitehead WEAVER, J.R.H. WEIR, William WELCH, F.B.A. C.73 C.85, E.29 E.200 A.12 A.12, E.1 C.183, E.126, F.33 A.8 E.14 C.70 C.62 C.27, C.28, C.36, C.85, G.2 WEST AUSTRALIAN PTY LTD C.9 WESTERMANN, Gerd E. G. WHISTLER, Laurence WHITE, A.H. WHITE, E. WHITE, E.J. WHITE, Errol Ivor WHITE, Harold J. Osborne WHITTARD, Walter Frederick WILLS, Leonard Johnston WILSON, Charles H. WILSON, Vernon WOLBURG, J. C.121, E.131, H.32 C.78, C.79, C.80 E.2 G.2 E.126, F.52 A.12 C.88, C.141, C.155, G.4 C.163 H.33 E.53 A.12, E.31, E.46 C.156 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 156 Index of correspondents WOLFENDEN, J.H. WOOD, Alan WOOD, Helen Marguerite MUIR- WOODS,Henry WOODWARD, Sir Arthur Smith WOODWARD,Maud WORTHINGTON, J. Hubert WRIGHT,Claud William WRIGHT, Edward Vere WRIGLEY, Arthur George A.12 G.6 C.25-C.29, C.32, C.39, E.172, E.200, F.50 A.12 E.14, E.39 A.12 C.56, C.67 A.12, C.8, C.12, C.16, E.106, E.170-E.176, E.179-E.187, E.189, F.34, H.34, H.35 See also A.5, A.15, A.23, J.4 A.12, H.36 A.12, C.160, E.101, E.176