ARKELL, William Joscelyn v1

Published: 16 January, 2024  Author: admin


Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of William Joscelyn Arkell FRS (1904 - 1958) NCUACS catalogue no. 102/1/02 by Jeannine Alton W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Title: Compiled by: Jeannine Alton and Timothy E. Powell Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of William Joscelyn Arkell FRS (1904-1958), geologist NCUACS catalogue no. 102/1/02 © 2002 National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, University of Bath. The Library, Oxford University Museum of Natural History Reference code: GB 0462 OUMNH Arkell papers Extent of material: ca 600 items Description level: Fonds Date of material: 1919-2001 Deposited in: W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, and the production of this catalogue, are made possible by the support of the following societies and organisations: The British Computer Society The British Crystallographic Association The Geological Society of London The Institute of Physics The Royal Academy of Engineering The Royal Astronomical Society The Royal Society The Royal Society of Chemistry The Wellcome Trust W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THIS COLLECTION MAY YET BE AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION. ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO: THE LIBRARIAN OXFORD UNIVERSITY MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY OXFORD W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 LIST OF CONTENTS GENERAL INTRODUCTION SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL A.1-A.34 SECTION B NOTEBOOKS SECTION C RESEARCH SECTION D LECTURES SECTION E PUBLICATIONS B.1-B.37 C.1-C.183 D.1-D.8 E.1-E.210 SECTION F SEDGWICK MUSEUM, CAMBRIDGE F.1-F.54 SECTION G MEETINGS AND EXCURSIONS G.1-G.7 H.1-H.38 J.1-J.52 SECTION H CORRESPONDENCE SECTION J NON-TEXT MATERIAL INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 GENERAL INTRODUCTION PROVENANCE The material was assembled from various sources, 1998-2002. Arkell had bequeathed his library and fossil collection to Oxford University Museum (now the Oxford University Museum of Natural History) on his death in April 1958 and it was formally accepted by the University in June of that year. Folders of his notes and correspondence were also collected from his Cambridge home and brought to Oxford, the majority at the same time as his books and fossils, though further material continued to be received at various times up to 1968. Some similar research material had remained in Oxford from Arkell's earlier years there before his move to Cambridge in 1947. In 1998 Professor W.J. Kennedy, Curator of Geological Collections at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, initiated an attempt to explore other sources of material, by personal letter to former colleagues and friends, and by a notice published in geological journals. As a result, letters and information were received from J.H. Callomon, D.T. Donovan, J.D. Hudson, H.S. Torrens and C.W. Wright, and the Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge made available photocopies of their Arkell archive. OUTLINE OF THE CAREER OF WILLIAM JOSCELYN ARKELL The material from these disparate sources has been integrated into the catalogue as shown in the List of Contents. nearest to his heart. Arkell, the youngest of a family of seven, was born on 9 June 1904, at Highworth, Wiltshire, into the well-known family of brewers operating at Kingsdown, Swindon. For the greater part of his life the family business ensured him independent means and a comfortable living, and left him free to pursue his own interests. From his earliest days, these had focused on the natural history and the prehistory of the English countryside, beginning with the Highworth area, explored in detail, later the Dorset coast where family holidays were spent and where he also later owned a cottage evocatively named ‘Faraway’. The expertise which earned him the nickname ‘Jurassic Arkell’ rested on personal exploration, on foot, by bicycle or in open tourer, of the wider Cotswold region, supplemented by visits to Yorkshire, northern France and Germany; but the counties of southern England remained always W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Arkell was able to extend his interest in natural history at school (Wellington College, Berkshire) as a member of the Field Club; he won prizes for essays and exhibitions, and also wrote poetry (see A.15, B.2). He left school in December 1921 and entered New College Oxford as a commoner in October 1922; perhaps surprisingly in view of his later meticulous care for geological nomenclature he was obliged to take Responsions (a Latin test) twice (see B.6). His brilliance in his chosen field was, however, beyond dispute. E.A. Vincent writes (Geology and Mineralogy at Oxford 1860-1986): ‘There matriculated in 1922, at New College, William Joscelyn Arkell who was to become the most celebrated Oxford geologist and palaeontologist during the first half of this [twentieth] century’. Arkell took First Class Honours in geology in 1925 (the only one of that year) and was awarded the Burdett- Coutts Scholarship for work on the Corallian beds for which he was awarded his D.Phil. in 1927 and which became the subject of his earliest publications in 1926 and 1927 and of his first major monograph published in parts by the Palaeontographical Society 1929-1937. Arkell held a College Lecturership and later a Senior Research Fellowship at New College, these being non-stipendiary or honorific posts which carried no salary and imposed no teaching or administrative requirements. L.R. Cox (Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 1958) wrote: ‘Arkell was fortunate in being able to devote almost all his time to research. Not a moment of that time was wasted’. Apart from winter seasons 1926-1930 spent with K.S. Sandford in Egypt in a survey of Palaeolithic man along the Nile Valley, Arkell devoted his research to the Jurassic, papers on English stratigraphy and local history, notably of the Cotswolds, Dorset and Oxford areas. writing ‘| have spent a happy day on the Corallian ammonites’ (F.49. See also C.4). Collaborators it as ‘stupendous and mind-boggling’ (E.107). difficulties. His illness, probably tubercular, became life-threatening, requiring an emergency Ministry of Transport). Though he wrote approvingly of the work and his colleagues, in 1943 he achieving important synoptic works which consolidated his international reputation, and also shorter He retained to the last a boyish enthusiasm, describing a set of ammonites as ‘splendid beasts’ and suffered a serious chest complaint, probably attributable to, possibly exacerbated by wartime and colleagues were often astounded by the speed and the extent of his work; R.V. Melville described Early in 1941 Arkell undertook wartime employment in London at the Ministry of Shipping (later considered applications for academic posts, but medical advice was against this, especially for the colds to a normal physique. He writes in May 1953: ‘my right lung is now regarded as cured and is obliged to give up his war work, and much restricted in his working hours, Arkell maintained a operation and lengthy hospitalisation, and leaving him permanently affected. Correspondence during and after these years includes solicitous enquiries from friends, and on his side references to recurrent and protracted bouts of infection which would have been no more than minor coughs and being allowed to expand and be used again, after being compressed for 9 years’ (C.5). Though remarkable continuity of work and publication. Immediately after the war he seems to have W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Chair at University College, London (A.7, A.8). Instead, in 1947, he accepted a Senior Research Fellowship at Trinity College Cambridge, with a study made available for him at the Sedgwick Museum. The same year saw his election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society and the publication of The Geology of Oxford and Oxford Stone which attracted wide and lasting interest. Arkell's departure from Oxford was greatly lamented (see Vincent, Geology and Mineralogy at Oxford 1860- 1986. pp 53-54). In Cambridge Arkell resumed work at a seemingly undiminished pace, with major monographs on the Jurassic published or undertaken, papers on local geology and place-names, many submissions on nomenclature, and several collaborative papers based on specimens sent to him by colleagues in academic or mining expeditions overseas. In 1956 he suffered a severe stroke which required extended hospitalisation and left his left hand and side permanently paralysed. During the course of 1957, though confined to a wheelchair, he began laboriously to take up the threads again, resuming correspondence, drafts for publications (see C.165, C.167) and, to a limited extent, research. The letters he wrote at this time, though as intellectually rigorous as ever, are a pitiable testimony to his physical condition as he was unable wholly to control his writing hand and the script is restricted to the right half of the paper, leaving the left side empty. Work continued, though Arkell became despondent at the lack of improvement and his dependence on others for books and research tools. In April 1958 he suffered a second stroke: ‘as he had hoped, when the second stroke came, it was final; he never regained consciousness’ (letter from A.G. Brighton, 3 May 1958, see F.5). He was 53. America (1944), the Lyell Medal of the Geological Society of London (1949) and the von Buch Medal of the German Geological Society (1953), and was an honorary member or correspondent of many Arkell was awarded the Mary Clark Thompson Gold Medal of the National Academy of Sciences of full, while his relative independence of the formal academic system results in only minor involvements The lapse of time since Arkell's death, and the circumstances of his career, mean that the surviving papers and correspondence do not conform to those of many professional scientists. The collection is strongly weighted to his lifework of research and publication, Sections C and E being exceptionally The material is presented as shown in the List of Contents. In addition to the description of the material given below, fuller introductory matter may be found at the beginning of the sections. It covers the period 1919-2001. learned societies in Britain and overseas. In 1929 Arkell married Ruby Lilian Percival. They had three sons. DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 in teaching and departmental routine. His membership of learned societies has been mentioned, and it is known that he served on their, and other, committees but he was not at heart a 'committee man’ and no material of this nature survives. Section A, Biographical and personal, is one of the scantiest in the collection. There is a little material on his interest in the Chair of Geology at Oxford in 1936 in succession to W.J. Sollas, and in posts at Cambridge and University College London, which his impaired health did not allow him to pursue, in 1945. Of his public honours, only the election to the Royal Society in 1947 and the award of the von Buch Medal of the German Geological Society in 1953 are documented. There is a copy of 'Seven Poems' privately printed after Arkell's death, and the notes he made of the birds and insects observed in his garden near Oxford. There is virtually no private correspondence, but some of Arkell's friends and colleagues have contributed their reminiscences, which appear at A.5A. Section B, Notebooks, covers the period 1920-1947, from Arkell's schooldays at Wellington College to the time he left Oxford for Cambridge. The school books include essays and writings related to his prize-winning work at Wellington; B.6 includes Latin proses written between school and university. research years 1925-1940, with a little from the war years and after. presented in alphabetical order by topic, and varies considerably in extent. Most topics comprise research notes, reports on field excursions and correspondence (usually incoming only). Some of The material is The series of small pocket-sized notebooks record the field notes and measurements of quarries and formations mainly in England but also in Normandy. Most of the work dates from the intensive Arkell's best-known published works, such as those on building stone, the palaeoliths of the Thames Section C, Research, is one the fullest and most important in the collection, covering the period from 1924 to Arkell's death, and including some posthumous correspondence to 1969. Valley, and Bathonian ammonites (unfinished at his death), for which no publications drafts remain, are represented by research, information and correspondence in this section. Some of the topics extend over the years of the 1939-1945 war and the correspondence often has an added interest in reflecting the personal and social changes of the time. and continuing to his contribution to the Lexique Stratigraphique International, published in 1963, Section D, Lectures, is short. Arkell's Research Fellowship at New College did not involve any obligation to teach or lecture. Nevertheless, it appears that Arkell undertook such tasks, though not Section E, Publications, is the most substantial in the collection, beginning with his first paper in 1926 on a regular basis. The most extensive item is for a course on ‘Tectonic Geology’. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 several years after his death. Research, preparation and drafts for Arkell's major monographs have survived and are included here. They include A Monograph of British Corallian Lamellibranchia, published in instalments by the Palaeontographical Society 1929-1937 (E.5-E.14), whose Secretary thanks Arkell for his ‘kind offer of amonograph’. The Jurassic System in Great Britain (Oxford University Press, 1933), won Arkell, then still under thirty, an international reputation. A full record is kept at E.15-E.37, including the complete manuscript in longhand, plates, figures and correspondence. The second of his monographs to be published in instalments by the Palaeontographical Society 1935-1948, The Ammonites of the English Corallian Beds, has fewer surviving drafts but very extensive research material, diagrams and photographs at E.38-E.78. The completed volume in 1948 has a preface by Arkell commenting on the social change and the destruction of the historical record brought about by the Second World War; the preface is reproduced in part in the introduction to this material. In 1956 Arkell published Jurassic Geology of the World (Oliver and Boyd), a volume also greeted with acclaim and also written in longhand and put out to typing. The documentation at E.139-E.161 includes (E.144) his note of the book's publication chronology and the receipt of £50 advance royalties. The last of his major works is the contribution to Part L of the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (University of Kansas Press, 1957), which includes manuscript drafts, illustrations and extensive correspondence with the editors and with Arkell's co-author and long-term friend C.W. Wright (E.162-E.193). Cambridge years he also published papers, some collaborative, on ammonites from overseas locations sent to him for identification. Section F, Sedgwick Museum Cambridge, is a photocopy record, kindly made available by the In addition to these monumental publications, Arkell poured out a stream of valuable work on the English fossil record, tectonics, prehistory, topographical place-names and building stone. During his His many contributions to the Bulletin on Zoological Nomenclature are not documented in the surviving papers. Several apparently unpublished drafts are presented at E.197-E.210. which Arkell is known to have attended, or of the many research excursions he made in Europe or his Museum, of the papers and correspondence relating to Arkell held there. research and publications in hand at the time of his death, and also on the administration and disposition of the estate by A.G. Brighton, then Curator of the Museum and a long-term friend. The papers have been retained and listed as an entity here for the convenience of those seeking information about holdings in Cambridge. Section G, Meetings and excursions, is very scanty and far from an adequate account of the meetings It includes material on W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 return visits to Egypt. Section H, Correspondence is not extensive because Arkell kept most of his correspondence with the research or publication material to which it directly referred. It is, however, of interest in several aspects. Most of Arkell's career was spent outside the hub of conventional academia, and all of it in the pre-computer age. Typewriters, and the secretaries to use them, came late to his life. Like his drafts for publication, most of his correspondence up to, and even after, the Second World War is conducted in his flowing, very legible longhand on small format writing paper. J.H. Callomon recalls (A.5A) that even in the 1950s the postcard was Arkell's preferred vehicle of communication. In later years carbon copies of typewritten letters do survive, often on the back of drafts for previously published papers not always surviving elsewhere in the collection. By birth and education, Arkell belonged to a reticent generation. Though highly sensitive to the natural world and with a connoisseur's dedication to his chosen specialism, his independent means and untrammelled freedom of research set him apart from most of his laboratory and departmental colleagues, and his self-reliance seemed distancing and aloof. Personal references are consequently rare in the correspondence. Only a few long-term friends addressed him as ‘Jos’; to most he remained ‘Arkell’. Mentions of his health, and that of his wife, or of his children are rare, though in fact Arkell does refer to their journeys to and from school and to keeping school holiday times free. remained humbler witnesses of local phenomena and small enterprises. Among Arkell's industrial company. businessman; the shadowy W. Newton (‘Bill of Benson’) dealt in palaeolithic specimens. Richardson a banker, D.N. Riley an RAF pilot, E.D. Sedding a Jesuit priest, J.W. Tutcher a ‘amateur’, or at least ‘non-professional’ geologists, typifying the long tradition of observers and J.B. Jones and LI. Treacher were schoolmasters, A.D. Passmore was an antique dealer, L. Callomon, with wide expertise in Jurassic ammonites, was a professor of chemistry, while the While Arkell himself spent his life in academia, albeit semi-official, many of his corespondents were remarkable Wright brothers were respectively a senior civil servant and the director of correspondents, E.O. Atkinson was a village postmaster, P.J. Channon an engineer, J. Fowler a vicar, collectors of the natural world, many of whom became acknowledged experts in their field while others the counties of Southern England. Section J, Non-text material, illustrates Arkell's penmanship and photographic skills; the coloured and heavily annotated sheets of Ordnance Survey maps show his painstaking surveys over many years in C.W. Wright contributes a spirited defence of ‘amateur’ status in a speech included at H.34. J.H. a major W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE Many folders in the collection contain written reports by Arkell on specimens sent to him, or on excursions undertaken; they are listed in the entries. In addition, there are drafts, some typed up and complete with references apparently intended for publication, but which do not appear in the Bibliography of Arkell's works included with the Royal Society Memoir. Attention is drawn to the following items: C.1, C.2, C.40, C.81, C.124, C.165, C.167, D.7, E.197-E.207, F.4, H.35. LOCATIONS OF OTHER MATERIAL Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery Geology Department: letters to J.W. Tutcher, refs TUT.001, TUT.002. British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham: letters to G.A. Kellaway, C.N. Bromehead, refs 1GS1/1016, IGS 1/1208. Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge: collections and papers. See Section F. Dorset County Museum, Dorchester: Corallian Bivalvia. answering enquiries. To Dr David Storey for information on Oxford Stone. We are pleased to acknowledge help from many sources in assembling and identifying material: plates, Arkell's medals. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS To Mrs M. Green, Mr R. Hall, Mr H.P. Powell, Mr K. Walsh, and especially Professor W.J. Kennedy of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, for information and for patience in pursuing and Oxford University Museum of Natural History: fossil collections, library, photographic negatives, glass To Mr Raymond Arkell for allowing copies to be made of personal and family photographs. To the Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge for making available a record of its holdings of Arkell material. To Mr Peter Arkell, Professor J.H. Callomon, Dr D.T. Donovan, Mr J.D. Hudson, Dr H.S. Torrens, Dr C.W. Wright and Dr E.V. Wright for contributing correspondence or their recollections of Arkell. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL, A.1-A.34 1924-1977 The contents of this section are unfortunately scanty. Virtually no biographical material was received from Cambridge after Arkell’s death and, after so long a lapse of or professional sources are few. The reminiscences kindly contributed by family, colleagues and friends at A.5A are all the more valuable. recollections personal time, from family No records remain of Arkell’s membership of learned societies in Britain and overseas, or of his services on their councils the medals and honours he received, only those relating to his election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society and the award of the von Buch Medal of the German Geological Society are documented. or committees. Of The material is arranged as follows: A.1-A.5A OBITUARIES AND TRIBUTES A.6-A.14 CAREER AND HONOURS A.15-A.20 A.21-A.34 PHOTOGRAPHS PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE AND MATERIAL W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal OBITUARIES AND TRIBUTES 1950s, nd Obituary notice by P.L. Mauberge, Bull. de la Soc. belg de Geol. de Paléontol. et d’Hydrol., vol 67 (1958). ‘In Memoriam William Joscelyn Arkell’ by L.R. Cox. Obituary notice probably from Proc.Dorset nat Hist Fid Cl., vol 61. William Joscelyn Arkell’, Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, vol 4 (1958). by L.R. Cox, Biographical Included here is the typescript draft of the Memoir, with some amendments and additions by J.M. Edmonds and by another, Edmonds, Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York, 1970-1976). biography of Arkell short also and a at Arkell’s funeral, Trinity College Funeral and bequest. the Bibliography of Arkell’s works are Order of Service Cambridge, 24 April 1958. References to made to the published Memoir. Extract from Oxford University Gazette, accepting Arkell’s bequest, June 1958 (see also F.2). Letters received by C.W. Wright and passed on by him in 1993. Includes letter on Society 1993. See also A.15 and A.23. Supplied by family, colleagues and friends, some very Biographical recollections and information. Letters of condolence on the death of Arkell. for the Geological Arkell’s portrait W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal brief, others expansive and including reflections on the teaching of geology, the Oxford and Cambridge systems etc. Some were written in response to requests by W.J. Kennedy and take the form of a letter to him. Some of the correspondence in section H, e.g with D.T. little biographical material of this Donovan, includes a kind and is noted in the entries in that section. CAREER AND HONOURS Career Letter of support for Arkell’s application for the Chair of Geology, Oxford. Arkell applied for the Chair in succession to W.J. Sollas. 1936-1954 1936-1946 1936 his his See also C.133. for Lectureship in No official documentation for this application survives. application Correspondence Geology, University of Cambridge. on Arkell was obliged to decline this offer because of continuing ill-health. Correspondence on application for Chair of Geology, University College London. Included here are particulars concerning the Chair in Geology, University College of Swansea, 1946. official correspondence. Arkell was obliged to decline this offer because of continuing ill-health. Election to Fellowship of the Royal Society shorter miscellaneous Official notice of election and W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal Letters and messages of congratulation, A-F. Letters and messages of congratulation, H-R. Letters and messages of congratulation, S-W. illegible signatures, including a Includes first-name or note in verse, ‘To an Arkellologist’, to which Arkell has replied in kind. A.13-A.14 Award to Arkell of the Leopold von Buch Medal of the German Geological Society. was awarded the Arkell Tubingen, West Germany, 11-14 September 1953. medal at the meeting in 1953- 1954 of A.15-A.20 excursions, Correspondence, August 1953-January 1954. events, Information, participants, a note on Leopold von Buch. programme invitation, arrangements, Arkell’s speech of Includes of thanks, continuing acceptance (in German), letters correspondence on research, exchange of books and reprints. 1937-1977 Booklet privately printed and circulated ‘as a memorial of the author to be sent out to his friends on his birthday, 9 June 1958’, by ‘Pansy’ (E.E.L. Panzer), Arkell’s nurse in his last illness. This copy was sent to C.W. Wright, from of the whom it was condolence at A.5 and photographs at A.23. PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE AND MATERIAL ‘Seven Poems’. received together with letters W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal The poems, written by Arkell as a schoolboy and young man, were first published in Wessex Song. An Anthology of Contemporary Dorsetshire and Wiltshire Poetry, by Fowler Wright (London, 1928). See A.5 and A23. natural world written by Arkell as a schoolboy. See also B.2 for essays on the Arkell’s notes on garden of Hurstcote. birds and insects observed in the 1940-1948 Hurstcote was Arkell’s home at Cumnor, Oxford. Shorter personal correspondence. 1937-n.d. Letter of 1937 refers to Arkell’s unsuccessful application for the Chair of Geology at Oxford (see also A.6). Letter from Arkell to G.A. Kellaway, 21 August 1941. Arkell’s advice for water supplies to The letter is of interest in referring to successful boring on a wartime shadow factory, perhaps related to work documented at C.176. Photocopy of original held at British Geological Survey (their ref: IGS 1/1016). the Highworth Arkell’s extensively annotated map of district at J.15 includes a note ‘Boring 1941 (adviser W.J.A.) to 79ft (June). Gusher overflowing 2000 gallons per hour from the Highworth grit’. Letter from Arkell to J.A. Douglas, on consultation fees, 22 March 1952. Includes an inscribed copy of ‘The Old Stone Age in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan’. Letter, addressed to ‘My dear Echinoderms’ from A.J. Arkell (cousin), December 1950. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal A.21-A.34 PHOTOGRAPHS A.21-A.23 Miscellaneous photographs A.21 Bound album of photographs taken in Scotland. Most photographs identified and described by Arkell. 14- 21 August 1937. 1924-1944 1937-1957 1937 Envelope of photographs received November 1998. via H.P. Powell, Includes Arkell family coat of arms, photographs of Arkell in academic dress, photographs of Arkell some alone, some with E.J. Bowen at Kimmeridge, August 1956. See also A.5, A.15. A.24-A.34 Personal and family photographs Photographs received from C.W. Wright, 1998. 1956-1957 These are copies of originals kindly made available by Mr Raymond Arkell (son) in October 2001. Some of the photographs are inscribed ‘Summer 1956’ (before Arkell’s first stroke) and some ‘Springtime 1957’ taken during his convalescence. 1924-1944 Three albums of family photographs dated 1936, 1937 and 1939, other miscellaneous photographs and pastels by Arkell remain in family hands. Note on verso ‘Portreath quay July 1924. course in mining at Camborne, Cornwall’. While taking Photograph of Arkell See B.16 for notes and a diary made at this time. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Biographical and personal Photograph of Arkell Another copy of the photograph at A.24. Punting at Oxford. ‘At Oak Hill Cheltenham 18 Sep. 28 Jos & Ruby’. ‘Ruby’ is Mrs Arkell. Wedding Day. Arkell and his wife. c 1929-1934 With a note on verso ‘at 14 Chadlington Road Oxford 1929-1934’. c 1929-1934 Arkell and his wife. Photograph of Arkell. Photograph of Arkell’s wife. Another copy of the photograph at A.29. Arkell with his bicycle. verso With ‘Mervyn/Dad/Raymond after Raymond’s return from USA in May 1944 (having gone there in July 1940)’. Family group photograph at Hurstcote Cumnor note by Raymond Arkell on W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION B NOTEBOOKS, B.1-B.37 1919-1947 his during diaries’, essays ‘copious prize to fieldwork, begun In his Memoir of Arkell for the Royal Society (A.3), L.R. methodically Cox refers documented and_ verse compositions schooldays at Wellington College. Unfortunately few of these survive (though see A.15, B.2) and the material described here, which had remained in the Oxford University Museum of Natural relatively random, and History, certainly incomplete selection. It includes a very few items from early days (B.1-B.3) and ends about 1947 when Arkell left for Cambridge. returned from Cambridge after his death includes work of this kind. represents a None of material the are surviving throughout notebooks, far which presented as ascertainable, testify in The chronological order as to Arkell’s highly methodical and controlled approach to his work. Notes and drawings are carefully set out, labelled and ordered, in Arkell’s legible, flowing hand which hardly varied contrast books the themselves are surprisingly heterogeneous. Hardly any two are alike. Far from forming an organised sequence as might have been expected, they vary in format, binding and colour and seem to have been purchased from Oxford stationers as and when required. Arkell was, however, usually careful to write his name, college or home address inside the cover. life. his By notes B.1-B.3 SCHOOL with correspondence in The material is presented as follows: While the probable loss of some of Arkell’s early student or research notes is much to be regretted, it should be noted that many of his later expeditions, investigations of sites, collection and identification of specimens are recorded in reports and kept other sections of the collection. UNDATED AND MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH AND FIELDWORK OXFORD UNIVERSITY B.33-B.37 B.18-B.32 B.4-B.17 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Notebooks Arkell’s entry for 16 August records ‘Good bugging day wasted by grandslam picnic at Studland’. OXFORD UNIVERSITY Chemistry notebooks. 1922-1925 1922-1925 Hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J. Arkell. Oct 1922 Chemistry’. 1922 Notes, preparations, experiments. At rear of book ‘Analysis May 1923’ on reagents and metals, properties and experiments. Blue soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘Chemistry. Notes from Mr Hammick’s lectures Jan. 1923’. Notes and experiments. In centre of book are notes for ‘Summer Term 1923’. left school in December 1921 but, as hard-backed Marbled ‘Organic Chemistry Spring vac. 1923 and other notes. New Coll. Oxford summer 1923’. notebook inscribed Detailed notes on compounds and their properties. At rear of book: ‘W.J. Arkell Jan. 1922 Latin Proses etc’. Several pages torn out. 1922, 1923 Arkell L.R. Cox records (Memoir, p.2) did not pass Responsions (a now obsolete component of the Oxford entrance examination) until the second attempt ‘owing to weakness in Latin’. Typescript notes for class use, with manuscript notes and experiments by Arkell. Includes notes on ‘Latest work (1925) on the transmutation of elements’. ‘Introduction to Chemical Theory. A.F. Walden’. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Notebooks hard-backed Marbled ‘Oxford University Department of Botany. W.J. Arkell New College. Oct. 1922’. notebook inscribed Notes on a course of 15 lectures, drawings and diagrams. Many other drawings by Arkell of botanical specimens are on other pages of the book. Zoology notebooks. Red loose leaf binder inscribed ‘W.J. Arkell New College Nov. 1922. Zoology Medical Prelim. Course’. Timetable, detailed notes and diagrams for a course by ‘Mr [Julian] Huxley’. records Arkell interesting that he nearly weaned me from geology to but not quite’. zoology Huxley ‘made J.S. that so it, notes, perhaps B.13 material, with Elementary Biology’, Early 1920s Early 1920s ‘Notes on General Zoology’. Typescript teaching manuscript drawings and notes by Arkell. Two essays by Arkell, probably both for J.S. Huxley; one has his signature ‘J.S.H’ and comments. Large black loose-leaf binder labelled ‘Practical Notebook of New College’. Early 1920s Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, June 1923, Geological Notes’. Dissections and experiments. Geology notebooks. B.13-B.17 inscribed ‘W.J. Arkell W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Notebooks Mainly notes on the literature. There is an index of topics covered and works consulted tucked into the front of the book. Notes continue on unnumbered pages, the latest date being 1926. Pages numbered 1-100 and some unnumbered. Purple Oct.1923, New College, Geology Lecture Notes’. hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, In the centre of book, extensive notes on ‘Palaeontology’. Both ends of book used. ‘Petrological Purple Notes. If found, please return to W.J Arkell. New College’. hard-backed notebook inscribed Includes ‘Lecture notes May 1 literature. Also includes 5pp numbered specimens and descriptions. 1924’ and notes on the ‘Self-examination rocks’ of ‘W.J. Arkell, See A.24 for course. a photograph of Arkell taken during this Marbled hard-backed notebook inscribed Camborne, July 7 1924’. Notes on the geology of Cornwall and the history and methods of the mining industry made during a summer course. In centre of book ‘Diary of Excursions’, 8 July - 15 August, an account of expeditions by car, bus, train and on foot, sometimes alone, sometimes apparently with Oxford friends. At rear of book extensive notes on minerals. Sandford). At front of book, notes on plant and animal evolution. At rear rock formations, earthquakes, volcanoes, human anthropology. Some notes headed Hilary Term’ and ‘Professor 1925’ (perhaps ‘Professor W.J (K.S Green soft-backed notebook. notes on of book, Sollas). 1 page headed ‘K.S.S 12 May’ W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Notebooks B.18-B.32 RESEARCH AND FIELD WORK 1920-1946 These are relatively small format books, compiled while Arkell was still at Oxford as Burdett-Coutts Scholar, then lecturer and Senior Research Fellow of New College. The books continue to be inscribed with his name and college, but relate to his research interests beyond the university curriculum. Beige soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘If found, please return to W.J Arkell, New College’. Notes and diagrams on the geology of Southern England and the Oxford region, mainly based on the literature, but some on and diagram of Wheatley Brickyard with a note ‘Measured with Bayzand [University Demonstrator in Geology] and Pringle, 24 Oct. 1924’. expeditions. description Includes own a plan for chapters of At rear of the book is a book or extended paper on the geology of England. Arkell’s note for chapter 5 includes ‘disagreement with Buckman’ and for and Palaeontology, tendency of older men to rely too much on lithology overstress and palaeontology’. Correlation tendency younger question chapter reads ‘The 8 to of 1920-1930 Green soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, New College, Oxford. Field notes and measurements’. Mainly description and diagrams of pits and quarries near Oxford. Last page of notes refers to ‘Bagley Wood Quarry’ with a note ‘Revised June 12 1934.’ The notebook includes contents note ‘Corallian of Oxford, Berks and North Wilts., 1924-25’ (the title of Arkell’s paper in Phil. Trans. B, vol. 216 (1927), see also E.2, E.3). 1924-1926 The notebook has a contents note ‘Corallian of Wilts. and Berks, 1924-1926.’ Notes, descriptions, diagrams, several expeditions. At rear of book, notes on the Cornbrash. Red soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, Redland Court, Highworth, Wilts, field notes and measurements taken in quarries’. Redland Court was Arkell’s family home. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Notebooks Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, New College, Oxford. Corallian notes 1926 Weymouth’. 1926-1937 The contents list, which includes Oxford locations as well as Dorset, extends to 31 December 1937 with detailed measurements and descriptions. Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell’. 1926-1927 The notebook has a contents note ‘Cornbrash: South- Western area 1926-1927’. Detailed measurements and descriptions. J.A Douglas ‘The Stratigraphical Distribution of the Cornbrash I”, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 84 (1928). for collaborative paper with Material soft-backed Red 14 Chadlington Road, Oxford. Cornbrash field notes 1928- For Part Il’. notebook inscribed Arkell, ‘W.J 1928-1933 ‘W.J Arkell, Black soft-backed notebook inscribed Chadlington Road, Oxford, Normandy July 5-9 1930’. Material for collaborative paper with J.A Douglas "The Stratigraphical Distribution of the Cornbrash II", Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 88 (1932). The contents list includes the Cornbrash and also notes made at the Scarborough and York Museums, 1930. Notes and descriptions July 1928-June 1933. At rear of book, notes on the literature, mainly French sources, and notes on Lamellibranch terms. 1931-1933 The contents list includes many localities in Southern England 1931-1933. Detailed descriptions, diagrams and measurements, particularly of the Dorset coast, which continue beyond those listed in the contents. The contents list includes in addition to Normandy many other localities visited in the West Country and Oxford region diagrams, measurements. descriptions, 1930-1932. Red _ soft-backed Chadlington Road, Oxford’. 1930-1932 notebook Detailed 14 14 inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Notebooks Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘Kimeridge Clay’. 1932-1937 Descriptions, diagrams, measurements 1932-1937, some notes on the literature. At rear of book, narratives and diagrams of expeditions especially Lulworth coast, probably for work on Purbeck beds, 1936-1937. In centre of book, ‘L.G.S’ (Lower Greensand), expeditions and measurements 1937- 1938 and ‘Gault and U.G.S.’ (Upper Greensand) 1937. notes on Black hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘Canada and USA June-July 1933’. Arkell’s with International Geological Congress, June - July 1933.. connection account visit his of in the Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell’. 1934-1937 which listed in a ‘Tertiary and inscribed 1938-1939 Black notebook Quaternary. South Dorset 1938’. hard-backed The contents list includes the Boulonnais area of France and many localities in Southern England, March 1934-July 1936. Expeditions, diagrams, measurements, notes on the literature the contents to July 1937. continue beyond those Descriptions and measurements. The last expedition is to Worbarrow Broken Beds ‘Notes of visit with E.B (Sir Edward) Bailey, 12 Aug. 1939’. At rear of book, notes on Wealden rocks on the Dorset coast. 1925-1940 Measurements of Auger holes. Various dates, March- August 1938. Expedition January 1939. Details of photographs taken, camera used, time, weather conditions and results with various cameras 1925-1940. Brown exercise book inscribed ‘W.J Arkell, New College, Nov. 1925, photographic records.’ Black soft-backed notebook (no inscription). 1938-1939 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Notebooks Beige soft-backed notebook (no inscription). 1943-1946 Notes on beaches, especially Saunton Sands, Devon, March 1943. Notes on quarries and pits in Oxford region 1943-1946. At rear of book, notes on tides and beaches. B.33-B.37 UNDATED AND MISCELLANEOUS Black Palaeontology (Invertebrate)’. hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘W.J Arkell. Both ends of book used. Notes and drawings, perhaps part of University lecture course. Pages numbered 1-108 (not all used). 17 on a species letter from Small black hard-backed notebook (no inscription). at rear. Notes on Corallian Beds published notes p.88 is receipt year. August to Arkell regarding 1935 be published that Notes on ores and minerals. Thick black hard-backed notebook inscribed ‘Please return to W.J Arkell. New College, Oxford. British Corallian Mollusca, Lamellibranchia’. and Detailed Index C.J nomenclature. Tucked into of a Stubblefield manuscript by This probably refers to the monograph on the ammonites of the by English the 1935-1948 Palaeontographical Society (see E.38-E.78). At rear of book ‘Notes on Bathonian Brachiopoda 1930-’. Pages numbered 1-100. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Notebooks Content of a loose-leaf binder. A collection of essays or short examination answers, usually written on the right hand page, with questions, notes or additional information on the left. The essays are in ink with some additions in red or black pencil. They may originate in undergraduate work at New College, later revised by Arkell. Binder was discarded. Black soft-backed notebook inscribed ‘Transcripts from manuscript the Geological Survey Library’. 1893-1894 diaries Harris by G.F in Transcripts made for Arkell during his work on Oxford Stone (1947) also including ‘The Travels Through England of and later years’, and relate to the quarries of Bath and Portland Stone. A few notes in Arkell’s own hand. Dr Richard Pockocke during 1750, 1751 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION C RESEARCH, C.1-C.183 1924-1969 The material is presented alphabetically by topic titles, This which are those chosen by Arkell on his folders. arrangement is avowedly for convenience only. It does not reflect the extent of the work covered by each heading, nor its chronological place in Arkell’s lifetime of continuous research. The papers grouped at C.1-C.22 under the generic heading ‘Ammonites’, for example, relate to the last years of his life, when, as the foremost living authority on Jurassic ammonites, he was in constant worldwide demand for advice and reports on stratigraphic dating. Conversely, the ‘Egypt’ material at C.91-C.114 goes back to the 1920s and Arkell’s work with K.S. Sandford for the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, while work on ‘Wells and boreholes’ at C.168-C.183 begins in the 1920s, covering research sometimes undertaken at the request of, or in collaboration with, construction and drilling firms. to, the work led Some of or resulted from, published papers, and there is therefore an inevitable overlap with the material in Section E, Publications; cross-references are given where possible. Many folders contain short reports on an excursion or investigation of some geological formation; these are noted in the entries and, if they are substantial or apparently intended for publication, they are included in the list of unpublished work in the introduction to this catalogue. and _ research, correspondence The background information for some of Arkell’s best-known works, such as those on Bathonian ammonites, building stone and the Thames Valley, for which no drafts survive, are in this section. The material was almost all received at various dates from Cambridge after Arkell’s death, in large envelopes or very bulky tagged folders bearing his own title and a note of the date received (often as late as 1968). The bulky folders have been retained and their titles quoted, but the contents These have been divided into more manageable units. diagrams, may extensive for field excursions and reports thereon. Some are very brief but most cover a considerable timespan. The material is presented as follows: Unfortunately, very few of Arkell’s letters survive until the a late punctilious correspondent, his own letters have to be deduced from those of others. he was clearly Before then, correspondence, figures and arrangements include research notes, 1940s. though W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.1-C.22 AMMONITES C.23-C.48 BATHONIAN C.49-C.84 BUILDING STONE C.85-C.90 DORSET TECTONICS C.91-C.114 GYR; C.115-C.116 FULLER’S EARTH C.117-C.122 LIAS AMMONITES C.123-C.124 NATURE RESERVES C.125-C.155 PALAEOLITHS C.156 C.157 C.158-C.167 PURBECKIAN C.168-C.183 WELLS, QUARRIES, RINGSTEADIA STRATIGRAPHICAL TERMINOLOGY BOREHOLES W..J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research AMMONITES 1950-1969 The material grouped under this general heading dates from the 1950s. It includes research material, figures and diagrams, correspondence and reports on the discovery or identification of ammonites in many locations. of Geology Some enquiries were initiated by Arkell for his major works Jurassic on Invertebrate Paleontology, but the majority reached him from oil or mining companies, or from colleagues; some of the work led to publications, or derived from published papers, and includes substantial research findings. Treatise World and the Loans and returns of specimens are an important aspect of the work. Arkell was careful to number and record all material sent to him, sometimes arranging for items to be deposited in Later correspondence after his death deals with the verification of material returned or deposited. or given to the Sedgwick Museum. See also F.5-F.43. by J.M. Edmonds ‘Returned Algeria a from work derived from 1952-1968 folder inscribed ‘ALGERIA’ and with a Contents of manuscript note Cambridge 1968’. This of Ermoceras of G. Lucas (University of Algiers), with whom Arkell wrote a collaborative paper on the subject (C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 236 (1953), see C.5). the ammonite collection Arkell seems to been drafted a further paper on which Lucas might have collaborated, but although Arkell kept up a lively correspondence with other French colleagues (C.4, C.5) Lucas himself proved tardy and no further work is listed in the Bibliography. 1 Mar 1953 ‘The ammonites from the Bajocian Ermoceras beds of Algeria, and their age’. 14pp typescript version of C.1 with manuscript corrections. 17pp manuscript draft + 3pp references. Typescript draft. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Arkell’s Bathonian specimens, including some collected by him or sent to him. manuscript Algerian notes on early 1950s Notes and correspondence. 1952 - 1953 including Correspondence mainly with G. Lucas and other French colleagues, of Bathonian specimens collected by them in Algeria, and notes of specimens lent and returned (with manuscript notes of their return in 1967). localities and lists Arkell’s correspondence with P. Mauberge, September - October 1952, is in French. to first letter Lucas after (6 Arkell’s first happy February 1952) morning washing and working through the Bathonian ammonites safely brought home packed inside my new boots’. ‘| have spent the their expedition begins: possible collaborative A in correspondence February - April 1952 and in March 1953, but this does not refer to the drafts at C.1, C.2. referred paper to is 1953-1956 Notes and correspondence. A draft and copy of the Arkell-Lucas paper ‘Découverte récente du genre Ermoceras Douvillé dans |’Atlas saharien occidental’ (C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris vol. 236 (1953)) are included here. Correspondence with Lucas and colleagues in Algeria, France and UK, April 1953-June 1956, including lists, receipts and returns of specimens for identification. A possible publication is referred to in letters 6 June 1954 and 9 May 1955. 1958, 1968 Arkell’s letter of a collaborative publication with G. Busson, University of Algiers, in C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris. Busson writes, 11 June 1955, that he is sending ten offprints ‘de notre note’ but there are no details or mention of this in the Bibliography. Later correspondence on return of specimens to Paris, 1958 and on transfer to Oxford of Arkell’s file and Algerian specimens, 1968. 5 May 1955 agrees to W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Envelope of photographs ‘Algerian Ammonites Bathonian’. With brief covering note (unsigned) from Lucas. Arabia Contents of a folder inscribed ‘Arabia 1954-’. material and correspondence is all 1956. The dated of specimens and Correspondence, location map, lists identifications in Arabia, undertaken for R.G.S. Hudson, then working for lraq Petroleum Company. of ammonites from localities various Some of the specimens were presented to the Sedgwick Museum. Australia 1954-1966 Contents of a folder inscribed ‘Australia II’ with a note by J.M. Edmonds ‘Returned from Cambridge 1968’. Petroleum Pty Ltd, the specimens India and Baluchistan Correspondence 1966, concerns the return to Australia of the specimens at the Sedgwick Museum. Correspondence, lists of specimens and identifications, information from colleagues in Australia and UK, Arkell’s reports.1954-1958. The enquiry was undertaken at the request of the West Australian being deposited ‘on permanent loan’ at the Sedgwick Museum. The work was still under way at the time of Arkell’s death. 1940-1954 The correspondence is conducted principally the Burmah Oil Company, and also with other institutions as well as with colleagues. 7 May 1951 explains: ‘ For some years | have been collecting material and references for a book reviewing the stratigraphy of the Jurassic of the world ... and | am getting within sight of trying to write up the eastern part of the Tethys’. Contents of a folder so inscribed, with a manuscript note by J.M. Edmonds ‘Returned from Cambridge 23.9.68’. Arkell’s letter of C.10-C.12 with W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research The specimens and material forwarded to Arkell included some early maps and reports by employees, in particular by A. Allison, and correspondence from J.A. Douglas 1940. Arkell, who was delighted with the specimens, mentioned that they might be deposited at the Sedgwick Museum in February 1952 and this was agreed January 1953. Correspondence from Douglas and others, and maps by A. Allison. Maps referred to in correspondence at C.11. Correspondence with Burmah Oil Company. Includes despatch of material, and extracts made for Arkell from company reports by Allison and others 1939-1940. Correspondence with Burmah Oil Company, Geological Survey of Pakistan and others. 1952-1954 C.13-C.15 Japan wrote Sir a paper collected by Henry Hayden 1903 on which Arkell on despatch of material and Contents of a folder so inscribed. Correspondence mainly reports on Cutch ammonites. Includes list of specimens collected by Sir Henry Hayden in ‘Bajocian near ammonites Kampadzong, Tibet’ (Geol. Soc. Lond., vol 90 (1953)). No draft of the paper survives. 1950-1955 Includes 20pp paper by Matsumoto (translated for Arkell), receipt of specimens and Arkell’s report, arrangements for Matsumoto to visit UK as a British Council scholar, a little correspondence on the Treatise. Correspondence, chiefly with T. Matsumoto of Kyushu University, and other colleagues, on Japanese Jurassic ammonites. 2 geological maps of Japan by Matsumoto. 1950-1955 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research 7 envelopes of photographs, most with identifications and dates (1953, 1954), by Arkell. C.16-C.18 New Guinea 1954-1969 Contents of a folder so inscribed, with a manuscript notes ‘Used in New Zealnd paper’. The reference is to Arkell’s paper ‘Two Jurassic ammonites from South Island, New Zealand’, N.Z. Sci. Tech. vol 35 (1953) but the material postdates this. Correspondence with oil companies, principally British Petroleum and Anglo-Saxon Petroleum, on specimens sent to Arkell for examination and his reports and notes, a little correspondence with C.W. Wright. 1954-1956 3 of 1955 letters February Arkell’s (undated) September 1956 mention a monograph in preparation on New Zealand not His requests for the Papuan specimens to recorded. remain in the Sedgwick Museum were declined for reasons of commercial confidentiality. ammonites, Jurassic and this but is and ‘Papua entitled belemnite ammonite North America Envelope photos’. Correspondence on the return of material. Correspondence and a paper on Jurassic stratigraphy in the central Great Plains with maps and data sent to Arkell, May 1957, arising from his Jurassic Geology of The original envelope (retained) is noted the World. ‘Ackn. A.G.B[righton]’ and is possible that through absence or illness Arkell did not deal with the material. it W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Portugal 1952-1953 Brief correspondence only, Portugal. Arkell was planning a visit. on Jurassic ammonites in South America and Mexico 1952-1957 Correspondence with colleagues UK and Europe requesting information, loans etc, on various sources of ammonites in Peru, Mexico, Chile, latter marked ‘Received from Cambridge 23.9.1968’. the in Turkey 1952-1956 Correspondence with academic colleagues in Turkey, and and oil companies, identification of specimens. despatch, receipt with on C.23-C.48 BATHONIAN of comparative The research covered here begins in 1930 and was aimed at a major monograph on Bathonian ammonites corresponding to that on the English Corallian Beds (see E.38-E.78). The first instalment of the ‘Monograph of the by English the Palaeontographical Society, appeared in 1951 but the work was not completed at Arkell’s death. No drafts survive in the collection. Plates are at J.13. Ammonites’, Bathonian published 4pp manuscript list Includes Arkell’s specimens from sites worldwide. 1930-1956 The material, much of it kept in very bulky tagged folders, It covers a wide timespan, 1930-1956, and a is diverse. wide geological range including work on Fuller’s Earth, Cornbrash and Great Oolite. The content ranges from and classification with professional and amateur colleagues to sites in road and rail cuttings, quarries and boreholes, most of them in Southern England, especially Dorset and or accounts of these visits are included here. discussions visits detailed to the Cotswolds. Many short reports the of stratigraphy W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research titles Arkell’s arrangement and retained though the unwieldy folders have been divided into more convenient units. Some of his correspondents were kept separately by him (C.30, C.36, C.37, C.38) though they may also occur in the general survey. been have The correspondence extends over the the Second World War and many of the items reflect the changed circumstances of is remarkable maintain research. for how determined they the were period of writers; life to it C.23-C.35 ‘Bathonian correlation’. 1930-1956 Contents of a folder so inscribed, with a manuscript note ‘Received from Cambridge 7/3/1959’. Notes by Arkell. Upper manuscript and Arkell’s Fuller's Earth clay at Burton Bradstock, Dorset, July 1930, and 7pp manuscript ‘Notes on Kemble District [Gloucestershire] Dec. 1930’. typescript notes on on in the new at notes some Earth drafts, dated, ‘Fuller's and some notes Notes and drafts by Arkell. and usually Includes typescript, most the and Great Oolite Tracing map (not by Arkell) of Fuller’s Earth outcrop in Gloucestershire. Arkell’s manuscript, literature. 1931’, boreholes, quarries, railways. Included here are ‘Notes on the comparison between the Cornbrash Frome [Somerset] and in neighbouring sections’, May 1931, sent with a covering letter to H. Dewey. Another copy is at C.28. 1941-1944 Correspondence with brief notes on the literature. Correspondence, literature. railway-cutting of specimens, 1937-1939 notes on the loan W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Arkell’s principal correspondents, H.M. One of Muir- Wood (British Museum (Natural History)) was at that time working in Bath for the Labour Branch of the Admiralty. Her letters describe wartime work and conditions. Correspondence, descriptions of specimens etc Extensive correspondence, descriptions of specimens literature and on and locations, Arkell’s notes on the collecting Cotswolds and Gloucestershire, lists of specimens mainly the Great Oolite and Fuller’s Earth. expeditions the in Correspondence, geological map of Chipping Sodbury Tunnel. November 21 accompanies a Correspondence, disposition of J.W. Tutcher’s collection. December, 31 discusses _ the Correspondence etc loans made and on Papers Correspondence and papers the Cornbrash with manuscript notes Includes comments on Arkell’s papers and drafts on the Bathonian. Correspondence, returned, identifications. Includes correspondence with colleagues abroad and another copy of Arkell’s 1931 field notes and report and additions by J.B.A. Welch. Donovan) at H.11, H.12. Correspondence with D.T. Donovan, Bristol University, on specimens, field trips and mapping in the Cotswolds and Bath areas, for Bathonian and Fuller’s earth fossils; loans and identifications, diagrams of shafts, sections etc. These are almost exclusively Donovan's letters, separate by Arkell. correspondence kept Some of Arkell’s letters are in the by available folders (kindly made W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Notes and correspondence. Arkell’s notes on locations and identifications especially of Fuller's Earth, including identification of specimens from excavations on the hockey pitch, Kingswood School Bath. Correspondence (November) refers to arrangements for specimens from the collection of P.C. Sylvester Bradley to be held in the Sedgwick Museum. Correspondence etc. H.M. Muir-Wood, on determination Correspondence, March-July 1950, D.T. Donovan and of Fuller's Earth and Great Oolite strata in the Cotswolds, and the E.123, E.124). by Muir-Wood and Arkell’s field notes. joint paper with Donovan (see Includes detailed chiefly report with also 1950-1952 1950-1951 Correspondence and papers. Correspondence with L. Richardson and others. Correspondence with P.C. Sylvester Bradley and others on Bathonian ammonites from continental sources. Correspondence, chiefly with Oxford University Museum, on specimens and _ identifications, September 1950 - June 1951. 1942-1950 Channon had worked on the construction of the pylon line between Gloucester and Oxford and was a keen recorder and collector of local geology and remains. He lived near Tewkesbury and he and Arkell met for field Contents of a folder so inscribed. Kept separately by Arkell. C.37-C.38 ‘Channon Letters (Gt. Oolite)’. 1955, 1956 1931-1953 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research He later moved to Australia and became investigations. Curator at the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Canberra, until his death in 1953. collections The material, which was kept separately by Arkell, is a substantial collection of correspondence, detailed lists of localities and specimens including the collections of L.R. Cox, at quarries, rail yards and boreholes, despatch and return of specimens. Very few of Arkell’s letters remain, though the context makes clear that he was equally assiduous as a correspondent. at Cheltenham College, sections ‘Channon Letters (Gt. Oolite)’. 1942-1947 ‘Channon Letters (Gt. Oolite)’. 1948-1950 Includes Channon’s decision to emigrate. C.39-C.40 ‘Bathonian S. of Bath’. 1949, 1956 Contents of a folder so inscribed. with D.T. Donovan and_ sites and by Arkell and others on Correspondence etc. Includes identifications. reports ‘The incoming of the Great Oolite south of Bath’. Correspondence other colleagues on mapping and field investigations. Arkell in a letter to Donovan, 3 June 1949, proposes collaborative research and publication on ‘The Bathonian succession south of Bath’; Donovan agreed (13 June 1949). to The material comprises: introduction with a manuscript note ‘After September 1956 illness made it impossible for Arkell to continue mapping and the map was completed by Donovan’; ‘The Great Oolite series in the mapped area Oolite Limestones (D.T.D.)’. Typescript proposed collaborative paper, so titled, by Donovan and Arkell. No paper of this title is listed in the Bibliography. manuscript a manuscript headnote ‘Top copy sent ‘Stratigraphy (W.J.A.)’; drafts for a There is of the Great and W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Donovan 25 August 1956’, and a September. letter from Donovan 17 and typescript Manuscript little correspondence 1950-1951, for Arkell’s paper ‘A Middle Bathonian ammonite fauna from Schwandorf, northern Bavaria’, Schweiz. palaeont. Abh. vol. 69, 1952. draft, and a __ A copy of the published paper dated 1951 is included. Correspondence and papers re Bathonian ammonites from Morocco, arising from Arkell’s monograph. 1953-1956 The correspondence is chiefly with G. Colo of the Service of Géologique du Bathonian ammonites to for A geological map and lists are included. who regularly identification. Maroc, Arkell types sent Correspondence May-November 1955 discusses what had been thought to be a new genus for which Arkell proposed the name Coloites in a draft paper ‘A new Bathonian ammonite from Morocco’, but the identification proved incorrect. in be fairly should colouring Brit. volume as Arkell’s Jurassic Gt. has some value to anyone interested Drawing by Arkell of the Bathonian, from Dorset through the Cotswolds. Sent by A.G. Brighton to J.M. Edmonds 19 June 1968 with the following description: ‘The original was made up by me from a handout for lectures...and the modifications were put in by Arkell at some stage in his work on the Bathonian. So that the Although folded, his alterations evolution of his ideas. his) (all is easily distinguished from mine. I’m sorry | can’t remember the date on which they were done.’ Four envelopes of photographs with identifications by Arkell. Envelope with three pasted-up plates for ‘Phil. Trans.’. Photographs. C.44-C.47 it the Plates. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.49-C.84 BUILDING STONE 1938-1956 material for L.H. Dudley Buxton, Arkell’s long-standing interest in the relations between underlying geological formations, landscape and human habitation was given additional impetus in 1937-1938 by his collaboration with Bursar of a report to the University on Exeter College Oxford, in sources of repair and its buildings (see C.53). Little could be done to implement the report during the 1939-1945 war, but Arkell continued to seek information on the history of Oxford and local buildings and the quarries and methods used in their construction, drawing on archives, visits to quarries both working and disused, conversations with builders, architects and the surviving quarrymen, some aged, in the vicinity. renovation of consulted colleges, several and be by to 30 C.72-C.75 as well as to other localities, miles around Oxford’. See E.93 for the only surviving drafts for The Geology of Oxford (part only) and a note about a proposed revision. his L.H. Dudley Buxton had already commented on collaborator in the 1938 report: ‘| have seldom come across anybody with such precise knowledge, and such an ability of setting his knowledge at the disposal of others. He seems to know by heart every quarry for at least Arkell’s knowledge, further augmented, led to the publication of The Geology of Oxford (OUP) and Oxford Stone (Faber and Faber), both 1947. Most of the material here refers to Oxford Stone, which became well-known and still features on desiderata lists. Its success led to several requests for lectures, and to ‘spin-off’ papers on building stones used in continuing correspondence. The material at C.49-C.84 is of interest in adding footnotes to the history of university building at Oxford over the centuries, and as a socio-economic record of the industry in the surrounding area. It is presented as follows: Correspondence and papers 1938-1950 Correspondence and papers 1950-1956 Oxford Stone information Notebooks and notes Lectures and papers C.53-C.64 C.65-C.71. C.49-C.52 C.76-C.84 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Figures, drawings and photographs are at J.7-J.10. Figures and plates for the Geology of Oxford are at J.6. C.49-C.52 Notebooks and notes C.49-C.50 Two small pocket-sized notebooks. 1945-1948 1945, 1946 Notes of visits to buildings and quarries, alone or with builders and architects, on conversations with the latter, on the history of construction, quarrying and tools. Some of the correspondence at C.55, C.56 is exchanged with some of those involved, arranging or arising from visits. Small pocket-sized notebook. 1945, 1946 Notes, some dated 1945, 1946. (director of building firm), (quarry foremen), G.W. Simpson, Clerk of Works, etc. R. Jones and S.H. Includes R.J. Axtell Collett P. Lee, G. (Taynton Small pocket-sized notebook. Arkell’s manuscript notes on the literature, a few dated 1946-1948. Also includes a note on E.J. Bowen’s experiment on traffic vibration at University College Oxford, reproduced and discussed in Oxford Stone pp.157-158. Notes, a few dated 1946. Includes S.H. Collett (quarry foreman), Swinford quarry), drawings of tools and their usage etc. 1946-1948 Cumnor Includes Church, and Wallingford and miscellaneous (Abingdon, Bradford on Avon, Great Coxwell, St Cross, Iffley). Arkell’s typescript notes and reports on visits, July 1948. Church, Sutton Courtenay Fulwell, Littlemore Clevely and Croughton, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.53-C.64 Correspondence and papers 1938-1950 sought Information conversations, a few comments on manuscript and after publication. and_ received, visits and Arkell’s book in Copy of the report by L.H. Dudley Buxton and Arkell on local building stone, 1 January, and a little related printed matter. Correspondence and notes on choice and supply of stone of New College Oxford cloisters. principally roofing, slates for 1939-1947 Includes suppliers, costings, visits and Arkell’s report, June 1939. Arkell’s reply is of interest building C.55-C.56 contractors, Resumed post-war correspondence on reroofing for New College cloisters, 1946-1947. Correspondence 1943-1944 on roofing tiles, from the ‘Committee for Expert Advice on the Maintenance of University Buildings’. in reflecting the changed circumstances of war: ‘I cannot afford to take on jobs gratis, since my 7-year Research fellowship at New College expired in 1940 and | hold no university appointment. | should be glad to undertake this work if the university attaches sufficient importance to it to retain me as adviser for an agreed stipend’. architects, Correspondence with craftsmen, and re arranging visits etc. Several of these visits are documented in the notebooks at C.49, C.50. Some refer to the records of firms, some of which are still operating locally. 1945, 1946 Correspondents Oxford; Cheltenham Factors (Cotswold slates); Clipsham Quarry Company; Collyweston Slates; T.H. Hughes, architects (repairs to Oxford buildings); P.R. Lee (Taynton stone at Blenheim). In other cases quarries or businesses were defunct and only oral memory remained. In alphabetical order. 1945, 1946 Benfield Loxley, are & W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research & Son, are G. Packer Cheltenham Correspondents (Cotswold slates); Swinford; Symm & Company, Oxford (includes a note on Oxford building stones by R.J. Axtell, Company; Wooldridge & Simpson, Oxford; Thomas Worthington & Sons Arkell’s manuscripts by J.H. Worthington). (correspondence Tolley-Bladon comments Director); Stone and on 1945, 1946 C.57-C.64 General correspondence with colleagues and individuals Arranged alphabetically. B-D E Includes material on the founding of ‘Men of the Stones’, and and maintenance at Eton College. sought from repairs advice Arkell on on a in of held post 1946-1949 Jope, W.E.M. Belfast where he Detailed correspondence on building stone and on other papers and queries, some addressed from the London Hospital, where Jope was then working as a biochemist, some from his Oxford home and some from Queen’s University the Department of Archaeology from 1949. book Includes comments on Arkell’s draft by R.J. Schaffer (Building Research Institute). Shorter correspondence on films and photographs for the 1946-1948 R-W L-P W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Original file cover containing items C.49-C.63. Retained for the list architects compiled by Arkell on the inside cover. of 19th and 20th century Oxford C.65-C.71 Oxford Stone information Contents of an envelope so inscribed. Correspondence, notes, information on various Oxford colleges and buildings, including Arkell’s own manuscript notes and research, correspondence with college Heads later bursars, of correspondence on is sometimes included. archivists repairs maintenance House, little and etc. A See also B.37. C.65-C.70 Various Oxford colleges and buildings. C.65 Souls; Hall; Christ Church; Building; Clarendon Institute; Jesus; Lincoln; Magdalen; Manchester; Indian Mansfield; Martyrs Memorial; Merton. Saints Church; All All Old Ashmolean (now Museum of the History of Science); New Ashmolean (now Ashmolean Museum); Balliol; Bodleian Library; Brasenose. Campion Corpus Christi; Divinity School; Exeter; Hertford. Sheldonian Theatre; Somerville. New College; Oriel; Pembroke; Playhouse Theatre; Post Office; Pusey House; Queen’s; Radcliffe Camera; Radcliffe Infirmary Library; Rhodes House. St. Anne’s; St. Catherine’s (in St. Aldate’s, now Faculty of Music); St. John’s; St. Mary’s Church; St. Peter’s Hall; St. Philip Schools; James’ Church; Observatory; Examination Radcliffe Science and and St. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Town Hall; Trinity; University College; University Museum; University Press; Wadham; Windsor Castle; Worcester. Miscellaneous notes; plan of book reads ‘Search begun 3 Book sent to Faber & Faber August 1946. Dec 1945. Page proofs of photographs and figures; notes of talks with masons. Index May 1947’; 1947. April list C.72-C.75 Correspondence and papers 1950-1956 C.72 Correspondence with W.E.M. Jope re visits, exchange and identification of specimens. 1950-1956 Includes copies of some of Jope’s publications sent to Arkell, notably his article on ‘Saxon Oxford and its region’. Also included are 6pp manuscript pencil notes in Jope’s hand, headed ‘Unprinted notes by the late H.E. Sutton’, transcribed from papers of University Archives, giving testimonies of stone-masons on college buildings, costings, repairs etc. in Oxford 1681 1954, 1955 General correspondence. Correspondence with Oxford colleagues and officers on the restoration of the Sheldonian Theatre. Arkell was invited to attend the Committee on Expert Advice, but was unable to do so and gave advice by letter. Information, advice sought and received from professional colleagues, local historians etc. 1950-1956 Relating to building stones and their history. Miscellaneous printed matter press-cuttings, publication notices and W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.76-C.84 Lectures and papers C.76 ‘Oxford Stone Talk’. 1947-1950 1947, 1951 to to and lecture Notes, introductory paragraphs, photographs and notes; invitations Oxford Architectural 1947; Geographical Oxford University Archaeological 1947; Bristol Geological Club, Preservation Trust, May 1951. Society, February 1947; Society, October January 1947; June Oxford Association, societies: Historical various ‘Rutland Stone’, Leicestershire and Rutland Magazine, Leicester, vol 1, 1948. Arkell was asked to write an article for the first number of this new magazine. Correspondence, manuscript and typescript drafts, and a cartoon ‘Sure of a welcome by the Clipsham Quarry Co.... by W.J. Arkell’ with a page reference to the magazine. and Park House, Heythrop C.78-C.82 1948-1951 Correspondence and papers from colleagues, architects estate and quarry workers, reports of visits to quarries and workings. ‘The building stones of Blenheim Palace, Cornbury Park, Glympton Oxfordshire’, Oxoniensia vols. 13, 1948, and 16, 1952. Includes memorandum of a visit to Heythrop and Glympton quarries, 26 June 1948, continuing correspondence on the history of Blenheim Palace stone chiefly with D. Green and L. Whistler. Also one letter 1946. 1946, 1948 Correspondence with D. Green and L. Whistler re their writings on Blenheim Palace; includes Arkell’s 4pp ‘Notes on the geological map of Blenheim’, December 1949, prepared for Green. Correspondence and papers from colleagues, architects estate and quarry workers, reports of visits to quarries and workings. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research to Includes correspondence with visit his Blenheim which caused Arkell to add a correction to 1948 paper. Correspondence re the geological map of Blenheim drawn by Arkell for Green’s book is also included (see C.82). Green, and a Draft of paper. with typescript, Q9pp Arkell’s paper for Oxoniensia vol 13; 2pp typescript additional note based on Green’s information, dated 5 August 1951, to be published in Oxoniensia vol 16 (not listed in Bibliography). corrections, of ‘Geological map of Blenheim Palace and Woodstock’, 27 November 1949. C.83-C.84 ‘The future of English building-stones’, Endeavour, vol. 9, 1950. from Arkell’s publications on Editorial correspondence and draft. The draft is typescript and manuscript. Correspondence arising building stones. Included is an invitation to write a ‘not unsimilar’ article for The Field. Arkell accepted but there are no drafts and no other article is listed in the Bibliography. references in the folders below. Arkell published several papers on the Dorset coast with special reference to the Purbeck and Ridgeway faults, 1935-1939. No drafts for these survive, but see E.79, E.83, E.88-E.92, in addition to the correspondence and Contents of a folder so inscribed. DORSET TECTONICS 1935-1938 C.85-C.90 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research papers, Correspondence with mainly Faults, Purbeck, published in Geol. Mag. vols 73 and 74 (1936, 1937), and also on Mesozoic and Cainozoic folding, 1936. colleagues Ridgeway Arkell’s Ballard on and on 1935-1938 Paper by Arkell on the tectonics of Lulworth, published in Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. vol. 94 (1938). 1937, 1938 Correspondence and paper, with Arkell’s reductions and alterations to the draft. referee’s comments on Arkell’s Research notes etc. Extensive notes and measurements by Arkell relating to the Lulworth area, with reference to the work of Sir A. Strahan which Arkell disputed vigorously in his paper. See also J.35. of the ‘Notes on the conducted further examination Diagrams and drawings for figures. Most with descriptions, instructions to printer etc. Includes White’s certain exposures of chalk...’ (37pp, 8 figures), September, November 1936. Correspondence with H.J. Osborne White, January 1936- March 1937. White chalk exposures of the Ridgeway fault at Arkell’s request and expense in 1936. 1936-1937 Photographs mounted up, with descriptions, for plates for 1938 paper on tectonic problems of the Lulworth district. Photographs. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.91-C.114 1926-1951 In 1926 Arkell, then aged 22 but already establishing a reputation for his work on Corallian rocks, was invited by K.S. Sandford to join him in a survey of the traces of Palaeolithic Man along the Nile Valley and environs. The survey was organised by the Oriental the University of Chicago (Director J.H. Breasted). Sandford was appointed Field his research assistant (later Research Associate, see C.103). The work occupied four winter seasons from 1926 to 1930 and resulted in regular reports. four major publications as Director and Arkell Institute well as of the In October 1930 Arkell unexpectedly resigned on grounds of pressure and unspecified other commitments. The decision took everyone by surprise. Arkell’s letters to Sandford at the time do not survive, but Sandford’s own letters indicate real distress, and affection (C.104). There seems to have been no strife between them and Sandford continued to write in the friendliest terms to ‘Jos’, and their joint publications continued to appear. later 1936. trip to a meeting Desert in celebration of the uneasy negotiations is the only Egyptian preliminaries paid several the Fouad | travel documented in visits the This collection, though Arkell and published an independent paper on North African rock In 1950-1951, after paintings and drawings in lengthy and with Egyptian academic and official authorities he was able to arrange a to Wadi Araba in the eastern desert to search (unsuccessfully) for samples of rocks previously The result was published in Geol. Mag. reported there. Lond vol. 88, 1951. During this visit Arkell accepted an invitation 75th anniversary of the Royal Geographical Society of Egypt and the inauguration of Institute (C.110). Other plates and photographs are University Museum of Natural History. The material is presented as follows: Correspondence and papers, 1926-1951 Figures and drawings Notebooks and notes held in the Oxford C.112-C.114 C.91-C.102 C.103-C.111 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.91-C.102 Notebooks and notes C.91 Pocket sized notebook. Used as vocabulary notebook. 1927-1930, nd 1927-1929 Pocket-sized notebook. 1927-1928 Various notes on geological observations, expeditions, diagrams of strata. of At rear of book, notes and lists photographs taken. Some dated January 1927-January 1928. Notes on the literature of Egyptian geology; 1p notes on ‘Recent shells, season 1926-1927’. Manuscript notes on the literature (1p dated ‘Cairo January 1929’). ‘Notes on Egyptian fossils’. 12pp manuscript so titled. ‘Geological notes’. Expedition notes, observations and measurements, 13 January - 24 March 1927. workman in alabaster, 2pp. Expedition notes, observations and measurements, 22 January-12 February [year not indicated]. Investigations into an abri or rock shelter used by an early ‘Faiyum notes’. ‘Report’. Related to papers with Sandford, 1929 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research ‘Geological report on ancient habitation site, Fayum’ 2pp. Miscellaneous notes and papers. Miscellaneous Prehistoric ‘Observations made in February 1930’. historic changes diagrams notes, and in and observations Nile level’ on and Miscellaneous notes and papers. Notes, observations and measurements of Nile terraces, related to paper co-authored with Sandford, 1928, and other miscellaneous notes including a history of Egypt in the nineteenth century. Geological map of the Faiyum depression. C.103 1926-1951 1926-1930 C.103-C.111 Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers Based on a report of 1905, with manuscript notes and amendments by Arkell. Includes a little correspondence on expedition charts and findings. Chiefly with Sandford and Breasted (Director, Oriental Institute, Chicago) re Arkell’s appointment, conditions and salary as Assistant and later Research Associate in the Institute’s Prehistoric Survey. 1930, 1931 Sandford’s letters of 24 and 30 September are on practical division of survey work between him and Arkell. On 6 October he writes ‘I am glad you have decided to come’, continuing with practical plans. On 7 October he writes ‘Your letter just received is a very sad one for both of us... after your last cheering letter, there is obviously something so cheerful in any way plans...our personal friendship will Letters re Arkell’s resignation from the Survey. big that it outweighs all our hopes and not be W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research changed’. He concludes ‘This is the most unhappy letter | have written for many a day’. Arkell’s heavily corrected draft for his letter of resignation to Breasted (undated) explains that ‘My commitments at home have recently increased to such an extent that | feel bound to devote more time to them than is compatible with my continuing as a member of the Prehistoric Survey’. Also included are continuing friendly letters from Sandford in Egypt, 1931, on expeditions, findings and publications. Correspondence. 1929-1933 Re Arkell’s and Sandford’s reports and papers for the Institute, including review and complimentary lists. Correspondence with O.H. Little. 1936, 1937 Re publications and findings. 1936-1950 Correspondence and papers exchanged with A.J. Arkell (cousin), and Anthropology, Education Department, Sudan Government. Commissioner Archaeology for Little was Director of the Geological Survey of Egypt, Cairo. Includes drawings of rock pictures discovered by A.J. Arkell and sent to Arkell in 1936; wartime airmail letters, 1944; paper by A.J. Arkell and G. Andrew on artefacts found in the Sudan, 1942; miscellaneous reports and articles on the prehistory and history of the Sudan (see also A.20). 1948-1951 Chiefly relating to Arkell’s attempt to arrange an expedition to the Red Sea Hills and other areas of the Eastern desert to examine Jurassic rocks and to search for Lower Liassic Report on Abu Roash Well, Western desert, by James G. White, sent to Arkell. Standard Oil Company Geological Report. C.109-C.111 Correspondence and papers. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research rocks previously reported at Wadi Araba. See Memoir pp 5-6 and Arkell’s paper in Geol. Mag. Lond. vol. 88, 1951. Correspondence and papers. 1948, 1949 Preliminary correspondence re the Royal Society for help in organising the expedition, including Arkell’s statement of the purpose of the investigation for ‘Fossils from Wadi Um Rockham in the Red Sea Hills, Egypt’, 3 May 1949. a request to Correspondence and papers. Principally with geological colleagues. Included are the invitation and travel arrangements for Arkell to attend the 75th anniversary celebrations of the Royal Geographical Society of Egypt and the inauguration of the Fouad | Desert Institute, with Arkell’s brief speech at its opening. C.112-C.114 re the despatch, identification and return Figures and drawings Correspondence and papers. Includes comments on the draft of Arkell’s Wadi Araba paper and other publications. of Chiefly Arkell’s specimens sent from Egypt, and publications. letter to the Secretary, Royal Society, 12 February, sets out succinctly the work accomplished on his expedition to Wadi Araba. Early 1930s Most of this material refers to the rock pictures found in Egypt and Nubia and used in the collaborative papers with Sandford ‘Palaeolithic man and the Nile valley in Nubia and Upper Egypt’, Oriental Inst. Publ. Chicago vols 17 (1933) and 18 (1934). Original pencil drawings, February 1930. Abu Made workmanship etc. at Simbel, with comments on_ tools, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Reproductions of the drawings. On several different scales and media, most signed ‘WJA’, probably made for the publications. Miscellaneous landscapes. photographs of fossils and desert Some with comments on verso. C.115-C.116 FULLER’S EARTH Correspondence. 1952-1956 1950-1952 with Chiefly on _ proposed excavation to expose Dorset Fuller’s Earth, and re choice of site (Whetley [Whatley], Somerset) and costings. Sylvester Bradley P.C. Correspondence. 1953-1956 Frome, Arkell’s note of a visit to the site is included. Chiefly with F. Hodson, Reading University, re ammonites Earth from Fuller's Somerset, including lists of specimens and identifications, and re a visit to the site. rock, Whatley, Arkell’s report on Whatley Ammonites [October 1955] is included. the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Correspondence, references, detailed discussions on nomenclature and classification of ammonites. D.T. There are also exchanges Donovan (Bristol University). with other colleagues and with F. Hemming, Secretary of Much of the correspondence is with Contents of a folder so inscribed. drafts, bibliographical C.117-C.122 LIAS AMMONITES 1949-1955 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research in the Bulletin modifying nomenclature Arkell published a large number of proposals for defining or the Commission during and after 1951, mainly arising from his work on the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (see E.162-E.193). There are notes and drafts included here which Arkell’s correspondence with Donovan is characterised by periods of intense activity (letters or cards being exchanged almost daily when a particular matter was in hand). submissions. these relate may of to Though most of the correspondence is in typescript, both men would write in longhand and on small postcards from time to time. is therefore not Arkell’s side of the correspondence is further complete. complicated by his using for the carbon copies sheets of manuscript or typescript paper from earlier papers The record, though full, See also H.11, H.12. Correspondence and papers, January - June 1949. Correspondence and papers. a of on the nomenclature Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers. Includes Arkell’s submission to the Commission on the genus Ammonites Brugiére, species Ammonites angulatum Schlotheim, and the genera Schlotheima, and comments on paper Liassic ammonites by O.H. Haas. 1954, 1955 Arkell’s letter of 27 June 1954 refers to his being ‘saddled with the Jurassic for the Lexicon of Stratigraphy’ (see E.194-E.196). Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.123-C.124 NATURE RESERVES 1944-1953 Arkell served as one of the Local Geographical Advisers to the Nature the Geological Reserves Sub-committee of Reserves Investigations Committee. Its report ‘National Geological Reserves in England and Wales’ was published in September 1945. Correspondence and papers. 1944-1953 Arkell’s| manuscript Includes recommendations _ for reserves in Oxfordshire and Dorset, press comment on the published report, continuing correspondence and advice to 1953, and a copy of the 1945 report. Correspondence with The New Naturalist. 1948-1950 Arkell was invited to contribute an illustrated article for the 1949 volume. He sent an article ‘Geological Reserves and Monuments’ with (drafts included), but publication of the journal was suspended and the article did not appear. photographs specially taken to Arkell’s work on with prehistory, C.125-C.155 PALAEOLITHS This substantial collection of notes and correspondence relates special reference to the Thames Valley. The material was kept in several binders or folders, not all titled, and this separation has been respected although some overlap in topics and correspondents has inevitably ensued. 1943-1949 are with Though of the work professional colleagues or derives from the activities of amateur collectors or from quarrymen. This is particularly relevant in the case of Llewellyn Treacher and his collection (see C.148-C.155 and note); but other letters also show Arkell in touch with field workers often in humble positions. Most of the correspondence is incoming only, often on small-format writing paper or postcards. the exchanges editors, some of majority the W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research The material is presented as follows: C.125-C.147 Correspondence and papers, 1943-1947 C.148-C.155 The Treacher collection, 1948-1949 C.125-C.147 Correspondence and papers 1943-1947 Contents of a ring-back binder with many loose pages inserted. The binder was untitled, but the material deals with on Pleistocene rocks and on palaeoliths from the Oxford and Thames Valley regions. publications, research, meetings mainly and of subject-matter with overlap the the Much correspondents under ‘Palaeoliths’ (C.146, C.147) and ‘Mrs Treacher’ (C.148- C.155) and should be consulted in conjunction with them. Arkell’s principal correspondent, with whom he was on friendly terms, was K.P. Oakley. and those many listed of in north from at rocks at Point, Sutton gravels Benger’, Wiltshire Pleisocene ‘The Cornwall’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol. 54 (1943). Trebetherick ‘Palaeolith archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag. vol. 50 (1943). ‘Palaeoliths from the Wallingford fan-gravels’, Oxoniensia vol. 8-9 (1945). Some of the material dates from the period of the Second World War and there are references to Arkell’s poor health It and also to that of his wife. is the more astonishing that he maintained so a presence in research and active publication as is documented by the correspondence The principal publications referred to this correspondence are: ‘The geology of the Evenlode gorge, Oxfordshire’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol. 58 (1947). (See also E.94, E.95). ‘Three Oxfordshire palaeoliths and their significance for Pleistocene correlation’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. (1945). Other publications are referred to in later folders at C.143- C.147. Arkell’s manuscript notes on the literature. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Arkell’s notes. 1943, 1945 Notes on palaeoliths inspected in the University Museum, Pitt Rivers and Ashmolean Museums, April-May 1943, and on Ewelme Palaeoliths in the Pitt Rivers and Ashmolean Museums, September 1943 (referred to in correspondence with K.P. Oakley); diagram of ‘Early Pleistocene Deposits’ and 3pp correlation diagrams of London Basin and Oxford, one described ‘Fantasy dated March 1945’. Two short manuscript notes by Arkell. Notes entitled ‘Stratigraphical terminology’ and ‘Alternative hypothesis to account for the Wolvercote Channel’. C.128-C.142 Correspondence. C.128 H. Breuil. One letter only. 1943-1947 Nd W.B.R. King. F.H.S. Knowles. A.D. Lacaille. 1943, 1945 1943-1946 C.132-C.134 K.P. Oakley. Includes references to the Treacher collection. 1943- 1947 Oakley was one of the small number of people, other than lifelong friends, with whom Arkell was on Christian name terms. There are some personal references to visits and to Arkell’s health, as well as professional discussions of correlation theory, the stratigraphy and prehistory of the Thames Valley, comments on draft papers etc. Detailed, very frequent letters and cards, almost all longhand, March 1943-February 1947. replies, which must have been equally frequent, survive. in Few of Arkell's W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Correspondence. Correspondence. 1944-1945 Includes reference to the Chair of Geology at University College London, which Arkell declined (see A.8), and his ‘Memorandum on an excursion in the Moreton Gap with K.P. Oakley, 22 July 1945’. Correspondence. 1946-1947 ‘Pipes Includes memorandum on the Hanborough Terrace gravel’ by R.H. Cunningham, and reference to the arrival of the Treacher collection at the University Museum Oxford. Oakley's last letter in the sequence (1 February 1947) is from Nairobi where he was working with Leakey. in T.K. Penniman. 1944, 1945 M.S. Treacher. K.S. Sandford. L.D. Stamp. D.F.W.B. Powell. Detailed comments on Arkell’s papers. Treacher collection, August - October 1943. Includes Tomlinson’s notes on correlation of the Thames terraces and on Arkell’s ‘Memorandum of a visit to some sections Dr ME. Tomlinson, 29 Sept. 1945’. Correspondence on the assembling and content of the in the Upper Evenlode valley with M.E. Tomlinson. 1943-1946 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research In her letter of 24 August (the first she wrote to Arkell) Mrs Treacher writes: at Reading. They are still | am giving them to the Br[itish] Museum’. ‘My husband’s palaeoliths are here, not For the continuation of the correspondence see C.152- C.154. H.J.O. White. 1943-1946 Detailed Treacher collection. See also C.155. discussion on Thames gravels and on the Miscellaneous shorter correspondence. 1943, 1945 C.143-C.145 ‘Wallingford Palaeoliths’. 1943-1946 Contents of a folder so inscribed. introduction explains: ‘In from 1943-1946 Included at C.143 are drafts of the paper. Material re Arkell’s paper ‘Palaeoliths from the Wallingford fan-gravels’, Oxoniensia, vol. 8-9 (1945). Brief editorial correspondence; 15pp manuscript and 17pp typescript drafts. Arkell’s July and September 1943, through the generosity of Mr William Newton of Benson, the Ashmolean Museum acquired 12 splendid palaeoliths...They had been found between 1924 and 1941 by Mr Ernest Town, a gravel worker...In October Mrs LI. Treacher generously sent 4 more specimens from her late husband’s collection, at least two of them also found by Mr Town in 1926’. 1943, 1946 A later note by Arkell reads ‘Letter from E. Town dated 2 Jan 1948 says Wm Newton is dead’. Arkell’s drawings for the paper. Correspondence Newton who signs himself ‘Bill of Benson (to his pals)’. including letters three William W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research C.146-C.147 ‘Palaeoliths’. 1945-1950 Contents of a file so inscribed. Correspondence and papers relating to publications by Arkell. ‘A palaeolith from Sherborne’, Proc. Dorset nat. Hist. Fid Cl., vol. 68 (1947) 1945-1950 Correspondence with the journal re publication and with J. Fowler, an amateur geologist from Sherborne who had first-hand knowledge of the discovery of the hand-axe described; a continuing correspondence on Somerset palaeoliths. Arkell’s paper; proof little of ‘A palaeolith from the Hanborough Terrace’, Oxoniensia, vol. 10 (1948). of a_ folder ‘Mrs _ over years and _ inscribed Treacher C.148-C.155 The Treacher Collection correspondence The laconic title, though not incorrect, extends to notes and with colleagues and museums as well as with Mrs Treacher herself. several Contents correspondence’. Draft and correspondence etc with E.D. Sedding who had obtained the hand-axe in 1938 from a gravel-worker at Long Hanborough, Oxfordshire. 1946-1949 Arkell’s correspondence with Mrs Treacher had begun in 1943 (see C.140) shortly after the death of her husband Llewellyn Treacher (1859-1943), a schoolmaster and self- taught palaeontologist who had acquired an extensive collection and considerable reputation among professional colleagues for his writings and wide knowledge of the Middle Thames Valley. Her correspondence with Arkell at C.152-C.154 (few give detailed accounts of the assembling of the collection, with extracts from her and her husband’s diaries and recollections of the dates and places of finds, and of Llewellyn Treacher’s disposal of some artefacts. In 1946 Mrs Treacher offered the Middle Thames Valley palaeoliths to the University Museum Oxford University Museum of letters survive) (now Oxford of his W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Natural History), where they remain. In 1947 she, Arkell and K.P. Oakley gave papers to the Prehistoric Society which were published (Proc. prehist. Soc. 1948) as ‘On the ancient channel of the Thames between Caversham and Henley, Oxfordshire, and its contained flint implements’. The ancient Mrs Treacher was responsible for ‘Part |. channel... and Oakley and The implements in the Treacher collection’. Arkell ‘Part for Il. Natural A file of correspondence, 1946-1984, is held at the Oxford University Museum of the deposit of the Treacher collection, and subsequent visits by researchers. It includes Mrs Treacher’s letter of 27 February 1946 offering to the Museum ‘my husband’s collection of palaeoliths from the Middle Thames Valley (Reading to Slough).’ History, relating to An account of the collection, and of the Treachers, can be found in Shelley Cranshaw: ‘Handaxes and Cleavers’, BAR British Series 113 (1983). Maps, figures and plates for publications on palaeoliths are at J.11. C.149 K.P. Oakley. 1946-1949 1946-1949 C.149-C.155 Notes by Arkell. Correspondence. Includes 7pp manuscript ‘Memoranda for your note on Typology’, n.d. Letters and cards, mostly from 1946, re the Treacher collection, arrangements for meeting, publication etc, and re palaeoliths and nomenclature. 1946, 1947 On the Society’s meeting, May 1947, and publication of the Treacher, Arkell and Oakley papers. the publication is enclosed. A copy of Prehistoric Society. Incoming letters only. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Reading Museum. Correspondence, notes and records of visits, with special reference near Reading, arising from Arkell’s paper ‘Palaeoliths from the Wallingford fan-gravels, Oxoniensia vol. 8-9 (1945). palaeoliths Turners Court, from to C.152-C.154 M.S. Treacher. C.152 Correspondence, January - October 1946. 1946-1949 1946 Includes arrangements for the transfer of the Treacher collection to Oxford and arrangements for Mrs Treacher’s paper at the Prehistoric Society meeting. Correspondence, November - December 1946. of to Mrs Treacher’s Includes her husband's life and work, and a manuscript draft of Arkell’s note on the Treacher collection (Oxoniensia vol. 11-12, (1948)). manuscript notes on_ 1947-1949 Correspondence. 4 August 1948 refers Includes manuscript and notes by Mrs Treacher on Toots Farm pit near Reading with earlier notes by Llewellyn Treacher. Mrs Treacher’s letter her husband's dispersal of some of his palaeoliths and also to the work of his family in building or repairing Thames bridges. 1953, 1954 Contents of a file so inscribed. H.J. Osborne White. PURBECKIAN See also C.141. 1946-1948 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Correspondence and mainly with German and Swiss colleagues, on loans and identification of samples of ammonites in Purbeckian rocks in connection with Arkell’s Jurassic Geology of the World. notes, RINGSTEADIA 1937, nd Contents of ‘Returned from Cambridge 1968’. a file so inscribed, with a manuscript note the literature and on specimens studied Notes on in museums at Devizes, Wiltshire, and Le Havre 1937; part of a a paper; photographs, plates and drawings from Arkell’s own collection. draft, perhaps for C.158-C.167 STRATIGRAPHICAL TERMINOLOGY 1946-1956 C.158-C.162 In model of ‘Stages and Zones’ re Arkell’s paper ‘Standard of Contents of a folder so inscribed. Drafts, notes and correspondence relating to publications by Arkell and to the Sub-commission on Stratigraphic Terminology of the International Geological Congress. the European Material Jurassic’ Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer. vol. 57 (1946). his paper Arkell advocated the setting-up of a Commission on Stratigraphical the Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, and proposed a draft Code of Rules. 1946-1956 The Subcommission was set up at the 19th International Geological Congress in 1954. Arkell was not a member, apparently by oversight (see C.166). Notes on the literature; draft charts of geological stages and zones. Nomenclature on the Notes by Arkell. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Notes, drafts and correspondence. 1944, 1945 and = Notes drafts correspondence with Arkell’s paper. on R.V. Russian in Melville methodology; for preparation Material relating to the publication of Arkell’s 1946 paper. 1944-1946 Correspondence and comments; Arkell’s forwarding letter explaining the importance of the subject and his choice of an American journal; publication arrangements; drafts of tables; correspondence following publication. A copy of the published paper is included. Correspondence etc. 1952-1954 Includes requests for information, chiefly on continental Jurassic ammonites. 1955, 1956 1955-1957 on Sci. relating to Arkell’s paper C.163-C.166 with discussions, Correspondence etc. Contents of a file so inscribed. ‘Stratigraphical Sub-committee’. Material ‘Comments stratigraphic procedures and terminology’, Amer. J. vol. 254 (1956). Correspondence, memorandum on zones, mainly with D.T. Donovan, J.H. Callomon and M.R. House. 1955, 1956 Arkell offered the paper ‘on a matter of much concern to palaeontologists Journal of stratigraphers’ Correspondence etc and draft. draft Typescript correspondence and comments from amended pages of the draft. with manuscript corrections; with colleagues, Editorial correspondence. and to the W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Paleontology which sent it on to the American Association of Petroleum Geologists for publication in their Bulletin. After some changes it appeared in the American Journal of Science. Correspondence and drafts. of and drafts Arkell’s typescript Manuscript ‘Further comments on stratal terms’, a rejoinder to a paper by O.H. It was suggested that Arkell should let the Schindewolf. matter drop rather than continue the controversy. A revised version was sent and accepted for publication in the American Journal of Science but is not listed in the Bibliography. Correspondence and papers re the Subcommission on Stratigraphic Terminology. Includes a copy of the Subcommission’s Circular no. filled in and discussed by Arkell. 3 C.168-C.183 Manuscript and typescript drafts and miscellaneous notes. ‘Jurassic ammonite terms dealt with by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature’. This is Arkell’s last work. The original envelope (attached) carries a manuscript note: ‘Ms typed just before Arkell’s death [1958]. C.W. Wright suggests that since the C.Z.N. are about to publish such a list of names, the publication of this paper would be superfluous.’ 1924-1956 This comprises a wide range of material, some initiated by Arkell in the course of his research but mainly arising from enquiries made to him by mining, drilling and construction companies concerning work in hand or the determining of strata and specimens uncovered by work in progress. Several of the folders include annotated maps and charts, or borehole logs, some antedating the correspondence. Most of England: Dorset, Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire. regions of southern is the work relates WELLS, QUARRIES, BOREHOLES It to the W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research presented for convenience in chronological order, though Arkell’s interests, and his family connections at Highworth, Wiltshire, took him repeatedly back to the same areas, the more so as his acknowledged expertise led to requests from local companies. ‘Wells’. 1924, 1925 Contents of an envelope so inscribed. Correspondence, information and charts of wells, strata, water-levels Includes stratigraphic charts by Arkell. Wiltshire — sites. various at Papers relating to various sites. 1933, 1934 Highworth, Swindon water supply, 1933; Abingdon water supply, 1933; boring at Newton Longville, Wiltshire (for New College Oxford), 1934. at Shrivenham, Wiltshire, boring 1933; 1936, 1937 and_ reports and drilling logs of on _ specimens. ‘Portsdown & Henfield’. Contents of an envelope so inscribed. identifications; Correspondence extensive borehole logs at Portsdown, Hampshire, and Henfield, Sussex. Correspondence, Dorset boreholes at sites at Broad Bench, Ringstead Bay, Poxwell etc sent to Arkell (some with comments by him), and re arrangements for visits etc. 1936, 1937 Identified and dated, many relating to the reports in C.171. Maps, charts and drilling logs of various Dorset localities Only one of survives (4 July 1937). Arkell’s memoranda, on Kimeridge clay, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Correspondence and borehole logs of boreholes in the Farringdon, Berkshire, area. 1938, 1939 Identifications of Dorset Kimeridge Clay ammonites. Lechlade and Ashbury. Papers re advice on flooding at Lechlade, 1940; papers re analysis of sands and a borehole at Ashbury, 1940. Papers relating to wells and boreholes at various sites in Wiltshire. 1940, 1947 Almost all 1940. Including Highworth, Sevenhampton and South Marston. Pen Hill, Purton, Kingsdown, advice on near with with Geological Survey and 1941, 1942 1942, 1943 water supplies Correspondence engineering firms. Papers Shrivenham, Wiltshire. relating to Papers relating to borings and strata at East Challow, Shellingford and Coleshill. 1942-1945 Re Oxfordshire sites Combe and Charlbury. observations, 1922, 1934, sent to Arkell. at Bletchingdon, Milton Common, Includes some earlier reports and Papers Sevenhampton, Wiltshire. relating Papers relating to borehole at Challow, Wiltshire. to water supplies at Highworth and W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Research Papers relating to identification of Jurassic ammonites in East Yorkshire boreholes. Papers relating to Portland stone. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION D LECTURES, D.1-D.8 c 1930-1945 no obligation Arkell was appointed Lecturer at New College Oxford in 1929 and Senior Research Fellow of the College in 1933. His research interests were always predominant and the He terms of his appointment left him free to pursue them. had deliver statutory courses in the College or University, though it is clear that he did so. Nevertheless, the remaining material is scanty and difficult to ascribe or date. It appears to belong to the 1930s. The manuscript draft at D.6 may be the only fully written out text for an extended course. to Occasional lectures by Arkell, stone, are elsewhere. listed with the for example on building material research relevant Black spring-back binder inscribed ‘Geological notes. W.J. Arkell New College’. page, a poem Extensive typescript and manuscript notes, and notes on the literature, with some diagrams and drawings and some intercalated pages. and pp. I-VI humorous ‘Palaeontological last On Rhapsody’. Material found loose in D.1. At rear of book, pages I-III of headings for a lecture course, dated 23 October 1930, of examination questions on various aspects of geology, nd. Topics include ‘Cosmic theory and mountain building’, ‘Igneous geology’, ‘Origin and evolution of life’, ‘Historical geology’. 1936-1937 Examination questions. December 1936 - April 1937. Manuscript draft for ‘Chapter 2. The oldest rocks’. Bibliography and list of slides for lectures. 3pp only. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Lectures inscribed on cover notes, of Folder Geology’ and Douglas’ Notes)’. inside ‘W.J. Arkell. New College. ‘Stratigraphical (J.A. 22pp typescript notes for a lecture course, with extensive manuscript additions by Arkell. Black spring-back binder, no inscription. ‘Syllabus for Hilary and Trinity Terms’. Extensive manuscript and typescript notes for a course on ‘Tectonic Geology’ to be given in three parts: ‘Tectonics and the surface of the Earth’, ‘The mountain systems’ and ‘The interior of the Earth’. Includes drawings and diagrams, notes on the literature, and a typescript draft review by Arkell of a book by H. Stille on the American Cordilleras, with a manuscript note ‘Geol. Mag. 1937, May’ (not listed in Bibliography)’. Some reprints and notes of Geological Society meetings 1935, 1943, 1944 are tucked in at the rear of the binder. See also D.8. the section Introduction ‘Aims ‘Lectures on Tectonic Geology’. 9pp typescript, found as loose pages in D.6. ‘Geological Mapping’, with a manuscript note by Arkell ‘Copy of J.A. Douglas’s notes, Aug. 1945’. and methods of Manuscript of tectonics’ and of ‘Geosynclines and Geanticlines’ of Part | of the extended course preserved in note form at D.6. See also D.6. 1 (only) W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION E PUBLICATIONS, E.1-E.210 1926-1958 Arkell’s first publication (E.1) dates from 1926 when he was 22 and newly graduated. His flow of work continued unabated, hardly slackened by the 1939-1945 wartime years, until his death. Its range includes relatively short papers usually on aspects of the geological formations of southern England, to more extensive work on stratigraphy and the Jurassic systems of Great Britain and the World, the first of these magisterial volumes being published in 1933 when he was still in his twenties, the last shortly before he died. Posthumous work continued to appear (see E.194-E.196). massive monographs on palaeontology and is as as in far field material possible presented Arkell’s flowing longhand, in The It may include full chronological order of publication. revised manuscript drafts proofs, correspondence, research or notes which sometimes antedate publication by several years, figures, maps and photographs, almost always his own work. The correspondence is exchanged with academic colleagues, professional geologists working in mining or surveying, and also frequently with amateur collectors, antiquarians and members of local history societies in whose journals many of his shorter papers were published. There is material on the research and preparation of the major monographs but very little correspondence surviving about their publication history. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, 1957, published by the Geological Society of Arkell’s America contribution is fully recorded at E.162-E.193. Kansas major international University this Press; project of and to The exception is the Not all Arkell’s publications are documented so lavishly, or at all. Sometimes only brief correspondence, or drawings and plates survive. Several apparently unpublished drafts were found and are listed at E.197-E.210. Other proposed papers remained in draft or with related correspondence or research notes both in this and in other sections of the collection. A full list of these unpublished works appears in the introduction to this catalogue. Plates, drawings and other illustrative material are retained when they are integral with the text and correspondence. Other plates large format, are in section J. especially those drawings, and in W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Correspondence arising on Corallian lamellibranch fauna, Geol. Mag. Lond. vol 63 (1926), May - December 1926. Arkell’s papers from two ‘The Corallian rocks of Oxford, Berks. and North Wilts.’, Phil. Trans. B, vol. 216 (1927). 1922-1927 Black spring-back binder of photographs and charts of ammonites. 1922-1927 pencil Almost all from Arkell’s own collections, with identifications and localities, mainly 1925, 1926. Also included is a page from of ‘Bivalves sandy clay...Kingsdown Wilts. Sept. 1922’. Several loose pages of photographs are inserted at the front including one of Arkell himself. drawings black of The binder also contains correspondence 1926-1927 with officers of the Royal Society, with W.J Sollas and others about the paper, which had been submitted by Sollas and was considered ‘a very heavy one’. It was returned in March 1927 requesting ‘really drastic reduction in bulk’. It is not clear whether, or to what extent, Arkell complied. The paper was published in 1927 and occupied pp 67-181 of the journal plus plates and a map. on ‘The of Douglas Copies of plates from Phil. Trans. paper Annotated copies of plates from collaborative papers with J.A the Cornbrash |’, Quart J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 84 (1928). See also B.22 and B.23. Stratigraphical Distribution Plates from collaborative paper with J.A Douglas. 1928-1937 This was the first of Arkell’s major monographs published in instalments by the Palaeontographical Society. It was based Corallian Lamellibranch fauna of Britain’. ‘A Palaeontographical Society of London, 1929-1937. Lamellibranchia’, monograph Corallian D.Phil. his Oxford thesis ‘The of British W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications of Green ledger-type spring-back binder including lists ‘Works looked through (1928) carefully’, ‘Bathonian Types’, ‘Sowerby’s Types left to be photographed, 9 Aug. 1929’. 1928-1929 includes Also photographs numbered for plates. manuscript entries and _ description, Green ledger-type spring-back binder used for manuscript entries, descriptions, photographs numbered for plates. Green ledger-type spring-back binder used for manuscript entries, descriptions, drawings. binder The numbered for plates and notes at front of book. includes some loose also photographs ‘Plates’. Foolscap hard-backed notebook. 1927-1935 Originals of plates. Notebook inscribed ‘A monograph of the British Corallian Lamellibranchia comprising 572 photographs of types or best available specimens and reproductions of original figures’. Pages numbered in Roman numerals, 1-94, with some loose photographs inserted. Plates 1-4 [1927], 5-8 [1928], 9-12 [1929], 13-20 [1930], 21-28 [1931], 29-40 [1932], 41-49 [1933], 50-56 [1935]. The plates were made up by Arkell and numbered with a note of the year of despatch; the publication date was two years later. Lamellibranchs’. Almost identifications and instructions to printer by Arkell. Figures and drawings. descriptions, 1933, 1934 ‘Cornbrash drawings all text and figures are with by Arkell Notes and on W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Miscellaneous small mounted photographs of Trigonia. Photographs include locations and descriptions. Photographs and drawings sent to Arkell by J.W. Tutcher. Also included is a letter dated 19 August 1927, following a visit to Tutcher by Arkell. The envelope, bearing notes by Arkell on recto and verso, is retained in the folder. Correspondence and arrangements for publication with colleagues, officers of the Palaeontographical Society, etc, August 1926-October 1927. 1926-1927 In his letter to Arkell of 26 August 1927 Sir Arthur Smith Woodward, Secretary of the Palaeontographical Society writes “You have a splendid programme and | wish you every success’ and on 7 October reports ‘The Council [ ...] thanks you for your kind offer of is inclined to look sympathetically on the proposal.’ a Monograph [...]. It and and to E.15-E.37 stratigraphy palaeontology, The Jurassic System in Great Britain, OUP, 1933, 681pp, 42 plates. This was the first of Arkell’s major synoptic works on the Jurassic. Though he makes generous acknowledgements to colleagues and collectors, the research and many of the illustrations and photographs were his. The publication in 1933 when he was still under thirty, made his name; L.R. Cox writes (Memoir, p.3) ‘it immediately gained for Arkell a foremost authority on an international reputation as Jurassic the present day remains an indispensable work of reference.’ Astonishingly, as it now seems, the huge manuscript, like Arkell’s other major works, was written in longhand which he then put out to typing. His instructions can be seen at the draft manuscript. The material is arranged as follows: E.29-E.34 Correspondence E.35-E.37 Figures, diagrams, photographs Manuscript drafts E.15-E.28 head of each chapter or section of the W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.15-E.28 Manuscript drafts. E.15-E.25 Eleven foolscap envelopes labelled chapter number or numbers and title. by Arkell with the The contents are densely written deletions and corrections. with many additions, ‘Preface and Part 1’. List of plates, foreword, ‘The Classification of the English Jurassic Rocks, and the Partition of Jurassic time’, pp1-63. Part 2 (distribution and tectonics). Chapters 2 and 3, pp-1-57. ‘Rhaetic Beds’, pp Lias’, pp 1-15; ‘Upper Lias’, pp 1-33. 1-26; ‘Lower Lias’, pp 1-48; ‘Middle Chapters 8 and 9. ‘Great Oolite Series’, pp 1-80 and pp 31-47. ‘Lower and Middle Inferior Oolite’, pp 1-54; ‘Upper Inferior Oolite’, pp 1-26. ‘Corallian Beds’, pp 1-80. ‘Cornbrash and Oxford Clay’, pp 1-18, 1-49, 56-59. Chapter 10. Chapters 11 and 12. Chapter 13. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Chapter 14. ‘Kimeridge Clay’, pp 1-52. Chapter 15. ‘Portland Beds’, pp 1-44. Chapters 16 and 17. ‘Purbeck Beds’, pp 1-26; ‘The End of Jurassic Time and the Cretaceous Boundary’, pp 1-22. Part 4, Chapter 18. ‘Palaeogeographical Conclusions’, pp 1-57. ‘British Jurassic Bibliography to 1931’, pp 1-85. Hard-backed ledger. ‘Appendix. List of stage names proposed for parts of the Jurassic System in Europe’, 7pp typescript. This is draft of Appendix 2 of the published work. This is the basis, with some minor editorial modifications, of the bibliography in the published work. 1931-1957 Typescript, pp1-25 and 4 pp, no author or date, probably American, latest reference 1954. The paper quotes and discusses (pp 14-15) Arkell’s treatment of the subject in Appendix 1 of the published work. ‘Definitions and terminology of reef and reef-like Limestone deposits’. E.29-E.34 Correspondence. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Permission to quote, copy figures, reproduce diagrams, etc addressed by Arkell to colleagues, societies, museums. 1931-1932 Oxford University Press 1931-1934 mainly Correspondence the Delegates (K. Sisam) and with technicians at the Press on publication arrangements, preparation of photographs and diagrams. Secretary with the to of 2 November 1931 Arkell’s letter to Sisam begins ‘I desire to submit the typescript of a book on geology for consideration by the University Press’. The suggestion was ‘welcomed’ by the Delegates on 16 November and an early copy of the book was sent to Arkell on 21 February 1933. Includes an extensive list of those whom Arkell wished to receive copies. Comments and appraisals from colleagues 1931-1932 E.35 1931-1947 1933-1957 additional letters are with appreciative Royalty statements comments from information. Letters of thanks for copies of the book Most colleagues sometimes including Mainly dating from 1933. Colleagues had seen part of the book in draft, some with detailed comments, all writing in enthusiastic terms. 1933-1955 Envelope of original photographs for book, frontispiece and plates nos 1-28 Includes running totals of sales, price increases, royalties. Figures, diagrams, photographs. Arkell’s original folder cover E.35-E.37 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications All the photographs are numbered on verso, some with descriptions and/or instructions to printer Original plates nos 29-41 Miscellaneous figures, diagrams, maps etc E.38-E.78 ‘A monograph on the ammonites of the English Corallian Beds’, Pal. Soc. Lond., pp Ixxxiv, 420, 78 plates. 1935-1948 in by instalments This was the second major publication by Arkell to be brought out the Palaeontographical Society. Very little survives of the manuscript draft. Instead a great deal of research material documenting there is Arkell’s visits in museums in Britain and Europe, his correspondence with colleagues, and figures for the text assembled from his own extensive collections as well as these outside sources. photographs collections geological prepared carefully use and to, of, or his link only with One of the collections destroyed by bombing at Bristol, referred to here, was that of J.W Tutcher with whom Arkell had corresponded and collaborated. Arkell also refers to the total destruction of Caen University Museum by Allied bombardment. He acted as Secretary and Treasurer to the appeal launched in 1944 to restock the Geological Department. See also E.44, E.106, H.34, H.36. Arkell’s Preface to the completed volume in 1948, part of which is reproduced below, records not long personal involvement with the subject, but the historical dimension conferred by the the pioneer S.S. Buckman and the destruction of much of the geological record by social change and the catastrophe of the Second World War. Hangman’s Elm Quarry, from which so many ammonites were obtained, has been filled up with rubbish by the Highworth Rural District Council, and the local council at ‘The preliminary work for this monograph began some schoolboy thirty the hammered ammonites from at South Quarries, at heaps Hangman’s Elm Quarry. a_ limestone stone author the Arkell’s preface reads: Highworth, years when from ago, and as the W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Kingston Bagpuize is now rapidly filling up the celebrated Lamb and Flag quarry. Most of the quarries at Cowley and Horspath have shared the same fate: Brittleton Barn quarry and Industrial School south quarry are filled with School rubbish, has disappeared and given place to Marcham quarries have long been abandoned and await the refuse. Garbage has, fact, become the main enemy of the geologist and palaeontologist in southern England. a factory. Industrial quarry north and in Although unconscious of the fact at the time, in the 1920s the author as a youth on one side of Oxford, and S.S. Buckman in his old age on the other, were salvaging the last scraps of geological evidence at the end of an epoch. In those days the small quarries in nearly every parish were still worked for road-mending, lime-burning, and even local building. It seems unlikely that similar opportunities for studying the rocks and their contents of so many places will occur again within a measurable period, unless there should come a national economic calamity; but this would preclude the chance of anyone having time for such studies. and little thought that before the good. photographing When describing Even the older specimens in museums, which might have been considered safe for all time have proved to be in urgent need of record and publication lest they disappear for the Corallian ammonites in the Bristol and Hull museums it was was monograph completed these records would be all that survived. Yet both collections were destroyed by German bombing in 1941-2. Still more timely was the examination of the Corallian ammonites at Caen University Museum, which comprised the largest and best-preserved collection in After the bombardment of Caen in 1944 not a existence. single specimen remains, but happily it is possible in this final Part to publish a list of the species present and the numbers of each species, and the only visual record that survives are the several photographs of choice specimens specially taken for this monograph through the kindness of Professor L. Dangeard. The collection represented the cream of the sea-coast finds by the nineteenth century collectors who were first in the field and, like the Leckenby collection for the Yorkshire coast, it is never likely to be repeated’. Figures, diagrams, photographs Research notes and correspondence The material is arranged as follows: Drafts and correspondence E.66-E.78 E.38-E.39 E.40-E.65 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.38-E.39 Drafts and correspondence E.38 of envelope Contents the Ammonites of the English Corallian Beds. Copy of T.S of unpublished parts, ready for press’. The date July 1940 is crossed out and a later date ‘Revised 1944’ substituted. ‘Monograph inscribed on_ Typescript (part only) of text. 1939-1944 1940-1944 The texts are: Section 4 The perisphinctids of the Ampthill Clay and Upper Calcareous Grit, 1-44; Section 5 Summary of conclusions. Palaeontological conclusions, pp 1-11. Table of contents, 3pp. Stratigraphical conclusions, 12-37; pp pp Miscellaneous material Includes letter 31 January 1939 from the President of the Palaeontographical Society saying ‘The Soc. may certainly now proceed with the publication’, and Arkell’s calculations of costs and of enlargements for photographs. Pal. the despatch and return return E.40-E.65 1930-1948 identifications were compiled for Research notes and correspondence The correspondence begins in the 1930s and spans the years of the 1939-1945 World War. Sometimes, especially with museums in Europe, it is broken off for the duration or completely. It is noteworthy however that Arkell kept up his research and correspondence steadily throughout the war with his principal sources in London and Cambridge. Correspondence with colleagues and with museums in UK and abroad, requesting information on ammonite holdings; specimens; loans; Careful arrangements for visits by Arkell and his notes. lists of numbered specimens from principal museums, and these are retained. 1937-1938 is This presented alphabetically. Some exchanges are very brief, others cover a wide timespan and may include detailed discussion on specimens and classifications. European sources, Correspondence with museums Abingdon Museum (Oxon) 1932-1948 E.40-E.60 deals with UK and and of and W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Geological Institute, Bonn 1938-1939 Correspondence with E. Jaworski mainly on Decipia with sources and attributions. Includes 2pp account by Arkell on Vinalesphinctes and Decipia 17 August 1938. Jaworski’s last letter of 5 July 1939, looking forward to the latest a manuscript note by Arkell ‘Never sent owing to outbreak of war’. Ammonites’, instalment ‘Corallian has of British Museum (Natural History), London 1936-1945 Letters, cards, lists of loans and returns. British Petroleum (B.P) Caen University 1937-1939 E.45-E.46 1935-1948 collections, were destroyed in the 1935-1939 in his own Preface quoted in the refers to this Correspondence, lists of loans and returns. Geological Survey and Museum, London Arkell introduction to E.38-E.78. Arkell visited Caen in 1937 and borrowed some specimens which he returned in May 1939. They, along with all the Caen Allied bombardments. 1937-1940 Correspondence, lists of loans and returns. Geological Survey, Edinburgh 1935-1939 1940-1948 1940-1948 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Geneva University Hull Municipal Museums 1933-1944 visit, loan and return Arrangements for of specimens. These were lost in the German air-raids of 1941-1942: the Director's ‘Yes, unfortunately, geological collections at Albion Street [the Central Museum at Hull] including those you have described’. 22 November 1944 states: whole letter lost our the we of of See Arkell’s Preface at E.38-E.78. Leeds City Museums 1937, 1939 E.54-E.55 1938, 1940 Liverpool University Scarborough, Yorkshire Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge Nancy Institute of Geology, France Arrangements for visit and photographs. 1933-1937 This was among Arkell’s principal sources of information and enquiry. The correspondence is conducted with A.G Brighton, Curator of the Museum and includes detailed lists and identifications of specimens. Correspondence, identifications, lists of loans and returns. See also F.36-F.43 1933-1947 1933-1937 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications 1938-1947 1938-1947 Several of Brighton’s letters refer to the difficulty of caring for the Museum’s specimens in a ‘place of safety’ during the war, and of resuming normal work afterwards. Arkell continued to request and receive specimens steadily from 1944 onwards. Somerset County Museum Geological Institute, Tubingen 1936,1937 Whitby, Yorkshire Yorkshire Museum, York 1932, 1940 1937-1940 full Notes and tables on Yorkshire ammonites. were compiled from various sources: E.61-E.65 Arkell’s notes and drafts on various topics. Shorter correspondence with colleagues on ammonites. These are preliminary notes and do not constitute a draft for the publication. Notes British Museum, Sedgwick Museum, Yorkshire Museum, Hull, Scarborough, mainly during visits between 1936 and 1939. 1936-1939 Includes ammonites from the collection of J.W Tutcher, later destroyed in German air-raids on Bristol. Miscellaneous notes, descriptions and photographs. Notes on ammonites from various UK locations. See also E.72. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Notes on ammonite holdings in German collections at Berlin, Gottingen, Hanover. Notes on the literature. E.66-E.78 Figures, diagrams, photographs. The material includes contents of envelopes left in the Oxford Museum of Natural History after Arkell moved to Cambridge were these subsequently descriptions have been retained though they are not always a complete indication of the material. envelopes and_ 1947. labelled Some of another hand the in in In addition many of the photographs remained unclassified in various folders and containers. All the material from whatever source is presented as far as possible in the systematic order followed published volume. Arkell the by in are the diagrams indicating ‘rib-curves’ Perisphinctes Dichotomosphinctes Photographs mainly of P. antecedens, not numbered. Rib-curves for figures 1, 3, 4, 6, 20, 24 and unnumbered. The the morphological criteria determining genera and species. The photographs for text figures almost always have a full description of size, location and source. Most, but not all, are numbered and have instructions to the printer about reduction and layout on the page. Arisphinctes). Rib-curves for figures 25, 29. Photographs for figures 26- 28, 30-33, 65 and unnumbered. Rib-curves for figures 35, 37, 38, 41, 42, 46, 49, 52, 53 and unnumbered. Photographs for figures 34-67 (not all numbered, not all Arisphinctes W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Liosphinctes Photographs (not numbered). Kranaosphinctes Rib-curves for figures 55, 57, 61. Photographs for figures 56, 58-60, 62-64 and unnumbered. Aspidoceras Rib-curve for unnumbered figure. Photographs for figures 68-74 and unnumbered. Cardioceras Cardioceras Decipia Amoeboceras 14, 15 and many unnumbered Photographs for figures 75-92, 104, 106-124 and some loose the collection of J.W. Tutcher. Includes some items photographs. from Perisphinctes (miscellaneous) Photographs for plates photographs. Rib-curve for figure 127; photographs for figures 126, 128- Asie Photograph for figure 136. Photographs and drawings for figures 132-135. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Miscellaneous unnumbered and unidentified photographs. Photographs for plates, identified and numbered some with Arkell’s instructions to the printer. ‘Three tectonics problems of the Lulworth District’. Uncorrected abstract of a paper to be read at a Geological Society meeting on 18 November 1936. The full paper was published in Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 94 (1938). See J.35. ‘The zonal position of the Elsworth rock and its alleged equivalent at Upware, Cambs.’, Geol. Mag. Lond., vol. 74 (1937). Correspondence with A.G. Brighton and E. Dixon, May 1937, information, Arkell’s notes and part draft for paper. Arkell published three further short papers on Elsworth rock in Geol. Mag. Lond., vol. 75 (1938). ‘The site of Cherbury Camp’, Oxoniensia, vol. 4 (1939). ‘Some topographical names in Wiltshire’, Wiltsh. Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag., vol.49 (1940). Correspondence re Arkell’s article, invitation to write on site findings, thanks for advice. 1938-1940 The article was written in collaboration with P.C Sylvester Bradley. Includes arrangements for despatch and return of specimens, publication arrangements. ‘Notes on the age of the Swindon Purbeck Beds’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond., vol. 52 (1941). Correspondence, 1941 re Arkell’s article above mentioned. locations and_ identifications, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications ‘Mineral Resources of Continental Europe’, Nature, Lond. vol. 147 (1941). Typescript and manuscript drafts, variously paginated, manuscript tables, brief correspondence. See also J.37. ‘Place names and topography in country’, Oxoniensia, vol. 7 (1942). the Upper Thames 1941-1944 Correspondence publication, including enthusiastic approval and extensive comments by F.M. Stenton, notes by Arkell. preceding following and ‘A New Bronze Age Site Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag., vol. 50 (1944). at Highworth, Wilts.’ Wiltsh. Draft, correspondence. The article was written in collaboration with T.N Arkell (Arkell’s brother). Highworth was Arkell’s birthplace. His brother continued to live there. of Soho, Hyde Park, Piccadilly See also E.197. See L.R. Cox, Memoir, p7. ‘The London Excursion, 1725’ Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 57 (1946). 10 pages of manuscript draft, 2 pages of manuscript notes. This pastiche ‘Field Meeting Report’ details, in the style of the supposed period, an excursion round the quarries and clay-pits and neighbourhoods. It was published anonymously. J.44. The article was written in collaboration with C.W. Wright and H.J.O. White. ‘The geology of the. country around Weymouth, Swanage, Corfe and Lulworth’, Mem. Geol. Surv. U.K. (1947). Additions and corrections 1952, reprinted 1953. See also E.88-E.92 1936-1952 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Arkell’s manuscript and typescript draft. 1936-c 1947 Heavily corrected manuscript and typescript draft, with instructions to typist and occasional calculation of word- length. The title page reads ‘The Geology of Weymouth, Purbeck and Portland by W.J Arkell with contributions by W.B Wright and H.J Osborne White.’ There is a further manuscript note ‘Begun at Muscliff, Ringstead Bay, July 1936’. Arkell’s bound index copy. 1943-1947 The index has many corrections and emendations and 1p suggested corrections in another hand. The original HMSO publication date is given as 1943. Arkell’s manuscript note reads ‘Received 7 Aug. 1944. Returned corrected 23 Aug. 1944. Published 1947’. Correspondence investigate geological changes in the area. excursion including by Arkell to 1950-1952 Letters and cards from B. Mottram. The correspondence is densely written and only a few items are dated (1953) or have legible postmarks. Mottram was mapping sites in the area on Arkell’s behalf. See also J.45. Additions and corrigenda 1952, published note. Typescript and manuscript drafts ‘The Buried Rocks Under Oxford City’ and Appendix 4 ‘Some Work for the Future’, paginated 590-604. Typescript drafts of changes in the area to be incorporated in revised edition, on Ringstead Chalk Pit, the Kimeridge Clay succession and ‘Erratics in Dorset shingle beaches’ The Geology of Oxford, Oxford University Press (1947). Illustrations for the book are at J.6. for Appendix 3 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications ‘The Geology of Oxford’ appeared the same year as Oxford Stone (Faber and Faber). Arkell’s extensive long-term research into building stone is well documented at C.49-C.84 but there are no further drafts or material for ‘The Geology of Oxford’ among Arkell’s papers. Corrected page-proofs intended as the basis for by J.M Edmonds and J.H Callomon can be found in the papers of J. M Edmonds in Oxford University Museum of Natural History, NCUACS catalogue no. 77/6/98, items B.62-B.81. a revised edition E.94-E.95 ‘The geology of the Evenlode Gorge, Oxfordshire’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond., vol. 58 (1947). 1945-1948 See also J.41. Correspondence, Expeditions, Identifications. 1945-1948 and _ identifications Expeditions in Warwickshire, the Coventry area and Moreton and their relation to the Evenlode. Includes discussion of gravel-pits and palaeoliths by M.E. Tomlison and by Arkell, expedition with F.H Shotton and others, etc especially covered ‘Geology of the Evenlode Gorge’. 8 manuscript pages for illustrated lecture, 11 April 1947. See C.125-C.155 for further research on palaeoliths. ‘A Geological Map of Swindon’, Wiltsh. Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag., vol. 52 (1948). 1947-1952 Drafts, maps, correspondence, notes. The inscription on Arkell’s original folder ‘Swindon Sarsens 1947’ recalls the important contribution of Mr. J.B. Jones, a retired school- master and local geologist. Jones had argued that the sarsen stones commonly found in the area were native to the Mesozonic sand of the Vale, independent of the later Eocene The accompanying map incorporates the Wealden Beds for the first time. Arkell was introduced to Jones by H.C Brentnall, Editor of the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine and visited him on several occasions, inspecting local sites Stonehenge. E. 96-E.101 sarsens of Avebury and W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications His and conducting published in paper correcting ‘a major error that has been repeated in the geological literature for over a hundred years’. extensive mapping of pays generous tribute area. Jones the to Draft of paper. typescript 29pp headnote ‘sent correspondence. and to manuscript with 31/x/47’. a Brief manuscript editorial Brentnall Notes on specimens found and notes on the literature. Maps and plans annotated. Arkell’s original folder is retained here. to argue 1947-1952 he there firmly when nevertheless attention; case Correspondence with J.B. Jones, July 1947 - May 1952. The letters and postcards mainly from Jones, usually densely written in longhand, but a few pencil copies of Arkell’s letters are included and his notes of his initial visit to Jones in August 1947. Jones’s letters always express great respect for Arkell and delight that his own discoveries is should command such prepared his is disagreement. Arkell for his part obviously kept up the correspondence and gave Jones copies of his books, articles and poems. Jones continued to investigate local sites and to publish in local newspapers. His last letter, still reporting activities, is dated 14 May 1952 very shortly before his death. 1947-1952 Photographs Sarsens expert’ (Jones) in October 1952. Correspondence and arising 1947-1952. reports on sarsens and matters press cuttings including ‘Death of 1947-1952 and W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 E.102-E.110 Publications primarily British Great Oolite ‘A Survey of the Mollusca of Series, the monographs by Morris and Lycett (1851-55), Lycett (1863), and Blake (1905-07)’ Palaeontographical Society London, 1948-1950. nomenciatorial revision the of a 1945-1949 The publication was written in collaboration with L.R. Cox. This was part of the commemoration of the centenary of the Palaeontographical Society which occurred in 1947. The Secretary of the Centenary Committee was C.J. Stubblefield. a to Fossiliferous Directory of Several proposals were put forward. See E.107 for Arkell’s contribution Localities. Arkell’s own proposal, submitted in a memorandum to the Society (see E.106), was for ‘the issue of revisionary synoptic supplements of old monographs’, to take account of changes in nomenclature and systematics. He gave a detailed table of the proposed publications, authors and suggested revisers, including himself and L.R Cox to revise Morris and Lycett on the Great Oolite Molluscs. After some deliberation the work went ahead and after detailed correspondence with Cox and other collaborators was published by the Society 1948-1950. Drafts. of ip E.102 of the of the Great Oolite E.102-E.105 Cephalopoda 15pp typescript and manuscript. ‘Morris and Lycett. Cephalopoda’. plates. 5pp typescript and manuscript and ‘Revision W.J Arkell, 1945’. List ‘corrections to explanation of plates December 1948’. material, Appendix, correspondence from L.R Cox. January 1949. ‘Supplement to Preface and Bibliography’. 16pp typescript and manuscript. ‘Stratigraphical Introduction’. some additional a__ little W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.106-E.110 Correspondence. E.106 January-December 1945. 1945-1949 1945 Includes Arkell’s memorandum proposing a revision of early he subsequently submitted (6pp manuscript, April). monographs specimen pages and the Letter of 25 July states that ‘after much deliberation in committee and council’ the synoptic supplements would go ahead but that the main scheme to mark the Centenary should be the Directory of British Fossiliferous Localities. Reference is also made passim in the correspondence to the Caen restoration appeal. July-December 1945. Correspondence and material on the ‘Directory of British Letter of 6 November from R.V. Fossiliferous Localities’. Melville Arkell’s mind-boggling contribution’ to the scheme. ‘stupendous, refers to and with L.R Cox of work, ‘general January-August 1946. January-December 1947. Correspondence on specimens, organisation comments Stubblefield’s editorial comments for compilers’, August 1946. presentation, Continuing correspondence mainly on locations and descriptions (few of Arkell’s letters survived). Stubblefield’s letter of 2 April informs Arkell of his election to the Council of the Palaeontographical Society. some manuscript drafts by Arkell. Includes draft preface, 6pp of manuscript. Includes comments and amendments on January 1948-January 1949. 1948-1949 manuscript, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.111-E.114 ‘The geology of the Corallian ridge near Wootton Bassett and Lyneham, Wilts.’, Hist. Mag., vol.54 (1951). Wiltsh. Archaeol. nat. 1946-1951 21pp manuscript draft. 22pp typescript and manuscript draft. Proof with manuscript corrections. Correspondence with colleagues and re publication. 1946-1951 E.115-E.122 ‘Jurassic Ammonites from Jebel Tuwaig, Central Arabia, Phil. Trans. B, vol. 236 (1952). 1945-1968 Plates with Arkell’s instructions. Typescript and manuscript draft. Correspondence, chiefly with R.A Bramkamp. Publication written with R.A Bramkamp and M. Steinecke. 111 numbered pages and some unnumbered, dated 6 July 1951. See also F.5. On specimens, identification, arrangements for publication, continuing exchanges of Arkell identified what he called Bramkamp’s ‘splendid "Triassic beasts‘ as Liassic genus Bouleiceras and corresponded with Algeria. Correspondence continues to 1958 after Arkell’s death. R.A Bramkamp was working for the Arabian American Oil Company at the time. 1948-1958 scientific information. French colleagues on findings in W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Maps and localities annotated by Bramkamp and Arkell. Background information. Two colour photographs. place No Bramkamp. or name identified, perhaps received from Correspondence and information exchanged with R.W Imlay others Interior Geological Survey. US Department of and the at 1945-1968 Correspondence is on specimens from north Egypt and Sinai. Includes Arkell’s notes and request to refer to the material in his Arabian ammonites paper. Correspondence continues to 1968 after Arkell’s death. 1946-1951 E.123-E.124 with Later correspondence on Arabian ammonites can be found at C.8. ‘The Fuller’s Earth of the Cotswolds and its relation to the Great Oolite’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 107 (1952). Reports (photostats) on wells in Western Desert of Egypt by Standard Oil Company of Egypt sent to Arkell 1951, with brief correspondence. Written D.T. Donovan. This paper replaces one originally read by Arkell to the Geological Society in May 1949, which was published in abstract and subsequently withdrawn in favour of a resubmitted collaborative paper with Donovan. (see letters of 19 April and 3 May 1950). 1949-1951 Includes comments by the Publication Committee of the Society and Arkell’s reply, correspondence with Donovan and the Society re withdrawal and resubmission of the paper. See C.31, C.32, C.115, C.115, J.43, for further material on ‘Fuller’s Earth’. Correspondence, December 1949-February 1951. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications 5pp manuscript draft for a lecture. The draft was probably given by Arkell to the Society May 1949. Maps and drawings by Arkell. English Quarrymen, with S.| Tomkeieff, Oxford University Press. used by Miners chiefly terms rock as and Brief correspondence only, 1953. E.126-E.128 ‘A review of the Jurassic of western Sicily based on new ammonite faunas’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 110 (1954). Written with H.R. Warman. Sedgwick Museum 1952-1953 deposit at the See also F.15. Correspondence. The work arose from a request from the Anglo-lranian Oil Company and British Petroleum (BP) Palaeontological Laboratory for Arkell to identify specimens of Jurassic ammonites from Sicily. The specimens had been collected by H.R Warman , then working for the Company in Sicily. They were of sufficient interest for Arkell to suggest a collaborative paper and to arrange for some to remain on provisional in Cambridge. Correspondence, mainly with E.J White in London, and Warman in Sicily on the despatch and identification of specimens, suggestion for collaborative publication (23 May 1952). 1952-1953 8pp typescript and manuscript with a note ‘sent for typing 18 June 1953’. Arkell’s reports on Sicilian ammonites. Arkell’s draft for paper (part only). Notes on the literature. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.129-E.131 ‘The Bajocian ammonites of western Australia’, Phil. Trans. B, vol. 237 (1954). 1945-1990 Arkell’s correspondence with R.W. Publication written with P.E. Playford. The work developed from a former pupil then working at the University of Western Australia. Fairbridge, Director the was Geological of Arkell In May 1952 Fairbridge sent Arkell a report on the Jurassic of Western Australia by Playford, then an honours student, of Western later Australia. about the specimens, which he pronounced ‘marvellous material’ and collaborative publication in his letter of 4 November 1952 to Playford, with whom the correspondence is principally conducted. He institutions requesting specimens for identification and comparison. Survey enthusiastic to many colleagues and suggested ‘splendid fauna’, wrote very also and _ a Typescript and manuscript draft. 113pp, submitted 13 January 1954, sent for printing 30 April 1954. lists Includes 1949-1990 Photographs pasted-up for plates. Correspondence 1949-1955, 1990. Correspondence 1949 is one letter only. Correspondence 1952-1955 is extensive exchanges with Playford and many other colleagues in Australia and world wide, tracing and identifying specimens. of despatch and return, numbering and attribution, localities, etc. 1954-1956 Correspondence with German colleagues in January 1953 refers to treatment of Jewish collections and collectors a under the Nazi regime. Letter of disastrous many collections and records. ‘The effects of storms on Chesil Beach in November 1954’, Proc. Dorset nat. Hist. Fld. Cl., vol. 76 (1956). Correspondence of 1990 deals with materials in transit. April destroyed 12 which E.132-E.135 Canberra, refers to of some fire at the loss W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Typescript and manuscript drafts, 10pp. Two copies, not identical, one with suggested corrections and Geography Department Cambridge, to whom Arkell had sent it. covering Lewis, W.V. from note a Other correspondence with Lewis is at E.133. Correspondence November 1954-June 1956. 1954-1956 the with Secretary, correspondence Dorset Includes Natural History and Archaeological Society and with local and national press about an incorrect statement on the event, are reminiscences of previous storms at Chesil Beach, request for Arkell to contribute a paper to the Proceedings (2 March 1955), correspondence with W.V. Lewis on Arkell’s paper, letters of thanks and related printed material. attributed included Arkell. Also to Continuing correspondence and papers on the erosion and protection of the Dorset coast. Fid. Hist. E.136-E.138 the Weymouth Cl. Press cuttings on the storms and coastal damage. ‘Geological results of the cloudburst in district, vol.77 (1956). 18 July 1955’, Proc. Dorset nat. 11pp manuscript draft; typescript draft with manuscript corrections with a headnote ‘Galley proof read. 30 May, returned, 31 May 1956’; brief editorial correspondence. Correspondence and information from colleagues, local sources, etc. Photographs, material. Arkell’s printed related notes, maps, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications E.139-E.161 Jurassic Geology of the World, Oliver and Boyd, 806pp, 1956 1951-1957 This was another of Arkell’s large-scale synoptic works following a similar format to The Jurassic System in Great Britain of 1933 (see E.15-E.37). The book concentrated on ammonite palaeontology and proposed a simpler set of correlation zones than that currently used. The first draft (E.139) is in longhand. See Arkell’s own notes of the publication chronology of his reviews file at E.144. retained book, with the all The material is arranged as follows: E.139-E.143 Manuscript drafts E.144-E.148 Correspondence and reviews E.149-E.161 Photographs, figures, diagrams E.139-E.143 Manuscript drafts. E.139 642pp index copy. Manuscript draft with many corrections and deletions. 947pp typescript draft with many manuscript corrections, including dedication and preface. Chapters are paginated individually and do not follow the order of the published book. Includes two loose pages on igneous activity. 1953-1957 Proofs and corrections in sections bearing various dates, June-September 1955. Lacks bibliography and index. Galley proofs with manuscript corrections. Proofs of illustrations with annotations. E.144-E.148 Correspondence and reviews. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Correspondence with Oliver and Boyd. 1953-1957 15 March 1953 enquires ‘whether you Arkell’s letter of would be interested in the publication of rather big geological work | have had in hand for some years, to be called “The Jurassic Geology of the World” ’. The offer was accepted and the contract signed in October 1953. a Correspondence 1956 is principally forwarding copies of reviews. original folder is retained his notes Arkell’s ‘Typescript sent to O & Boyd July 1954. Page proofs 20 June-Sept 1955, advance copy 15 March 1956. Published 25 April 1956 £50 advance royalties received 21 April 1956’. here with Miscellaneous shorter correspondence. 1954-1956 Permission manuscript. to reproduce photographs, comments on etc. Shorter photographs. Early 1950s 1956-1957 1951, 1955 Correspondence, information, maps, etc. The documents are on Jurassic stratigraphy of Egypt, requested by Arkell from oil companies for the book. Correspondence with colleagues some enclosing their ‘ reviews of the book which were to be published in journals, 1951-1953 Ten envelopes of photographs sent to Arkell at his request, some with correspondence or identified on verso. Photographs sent to Arkell by colleagues. Photographs, figures, diagrams. correspondence, requesting and _ sending 1951-1952 E.149-E.161 E.149-E.158 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Spare and unidentified photographs. 1 envelope. Originals of plates, Numbers 1-46. Figures, identifications, instructions. maps, diagrams, with manuscript notes, 1 parcel. E.162-E.193 Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part L Mesozoic Ammonoidea (with C.W Wright), Geological Society of America and the University of Kansas Press, 1957. 1948-1957 by was was C.J. was a (in the UK), After major under project Society collaborative This the Palaeontological Society and the Society of Economic Palaeontologists and Mineralogists (in America) and the Palaeontographical the Chairmanship of R.C Moore of the University of Kansas, who became the General Editor. Set up in 1948, it involved international collaboration, careful preliminary discussion of methodology and continuing editorial care in the layout of text and illustrations. The UK member of the Executive Committee some correspondence, Arkell agreed to undertake the section on Mesozoic Ammonites, in collaboration with his long-term friend and colleague C.W (Bill) Wright. Stubblefield. The correspondence at E.170-E.188 is conducted with the General Editor, Arkell’s co-authors, the Secretary of the International Commission on Nomenclature (F. Hemming), and many colleagues; it includes detailed exchanges on methods, categories, nomenclature, reports on work in progress, editorial conventions and occasional differences of view. Even as the project reached the stage of, as one of the collaborators put it, ‘winding up the Treatise clock’, Arkell was continuing to add or amend material to take account of the latest research. At the last moment also there bibliographical references, which Arkell refused to alter, the task being undertaken by Wright, who was at that time a senior civil servant in the Ministry of Defence, working on the Treatise in his spare time. Full as the correspondence is, internal evidence shows that some letters and many of the circulars are missing. trouble over the form of W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications The material is arranged as follows: E.162-E.169 Manuscript drafts E.170-E.188 Correspondence E.189-E.193 Illustrations E.162-E.169 Manuscript drafts. E.162 ‘Introduction to the Mesozoic Ammonidea’. 73pp typescript and manuscript, with instructions to the typist. Entries and descriptions. 200pp typescript and manuscript. of One box references, scale of reduction, etc. Arkell’s instructions is included. genus, giving type, slips bibliographical 1p note of One box of descriptions for entries. See Arkell’s letter of 1 January 1952 in E.176. B. 7pp typescipt and manuscript by Arkell. Pages 10-26 of draft by another. Manuscript notes on the literature of Aptychi by Arkell. Correspondence exchanged chiefly with A.K. Miscellaneous notes by Arkell and Wright. E.168-E.169 Drafts and correspondence. Heavily corrected manuscript. Drafts on Aptychi. Miller, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications collaborators). Kummel and W.M. Further comments occur in the correspondence for the relevant dates. (American Furnish Drafts and comments on cephalopods. 1952-1954 Drafts ammonoides. and comments on classification of paleozoic 1953-1955 E.170-E.188 Correspondence. E.170 December 1948-May 1949. 1948-1956 1948-1949 Setting-up papers, organisation and participants. Correspondence April Wright's agreement to ammonites. deals 1949 undertake with work Arkell’s on and Mesozoic includes 23 May 1949 May-December 1949. Moore’s letter of 20 May 1949 suggests B. Kummel to work on Triassic ammonites. Some reference is made to Arkell’s papers ‘Jurassic ammonites in 1949’, Sci. Prog. Lond., vol. 37 (1949) and ‘A Classification Journal of Palaeontology vol 24 (1950). Jurassic ammonites’, Correspondence Wright's comments on classification of the Cretaceous system by stages. Includes Arkell’s letter 10 December on matters relating to the Treatise, sent to other colleagues involved and replies or comments received, and Arkell’s ‘part draft for treatise’, 23 pages (another copy is at E.176). Continuing nomenclature. discussions on December 1949. of the research, draft entries, W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications February-June 1950. July-December 1950. Includes Arkell’s calculations on pages and numbers of illustrations required, specimen entries sent to R.C. Moore 7 30 October, discussions on nomenclature. morphological glossary August, terms sent of February-December 1951. January-December 1952. Includes Arkell’s letter of 1 January referring to the 2% inch thick pile of slips of references to types and authors (see E.164), comments on collaborators, another copy of his ‘part draft 1949’ (see also E.172). contributions by January-March 1952. Includes comments on Arkell’s report to Moore on state of play 4 October. contributions January-November 1953. Correspondence with E. Basse de Ménorval on her work for a French treatise on the Jurassic, with comments. names. Includes draft of proposed abbreviations (from US colleagues), correspondence with D.T. Donovan on family Mainly on appointment of O.H. Schindewolf as a Treatise collaborator. November-December 1953. January-May 1954. by collaborators, February-June 1952. list W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications July-December 1954 for entries, final Includes several exchanges with C.W. Wright on final drafts from redrafting...’ 15 November, and his ‘Progress report... at end of 1954’, 24 December. ‘Points Treatise Arkell’s to collaborators circulated arising January-May 1955. Mainly with C.W. Wright on final draft and with R.C. Moore on his editorial queries. May 1955. text, Mainly replies to Moore’s editorial queries, final decisions on of ‘Glossary of Descriptive Terms’, further manuscript version of entry on Aptychi. illustrations, references, version revised of forms discussion of standardisation October-December 1955. June-September 1955. Continuing editorial queries on text and illustrations. Includes of bibliographical references. Arkell’s were anomalous for the Treatise and Wright undertook the extensive revision required. Further discussion of Apytchi and many last minute additions and corrections. 1952-1954 secretary to Treatise. Correspondence with Moore, R. illustrations - Includes further discussion January 1952-June 1954. Aptychi, despatch and January-May 1956. Breazeal, for R.C. Detailed return of proofs. on on_ the W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications arrangements for despatch of sample photographs or drawings, revisions and additions, 30pp list of 705 genera by E.164) 1952, miscellaneous additional lists. February Arkell (see sent also 14 The choice and adequate reproduction of illustrations is frequently the correspondence. Arkell kept the material at E.188 separate probably for ease of reference. alluded body main the to of in E.189-E.193 Illustrations. E.189 Envelope of proofs of illustrations. The proofs are numbered 1-213, some with comments by Arkell and a covering note from Wright. Loose-leaf binder of Arkell’s original illustrations. to the Illustrations are numbered 124-558 with some manuscript identifications. in Arkell’s letter of 23 April 1956 at E.187. binder referred This may be One box of photographs. Envelope inscribed ‘Treatise Tracings’. Drawings with manuscript identifications. Envelope of photographs inscribed ‘New Genera 1952’. photographs in the box. In his letter to Wright of 1 October 1952 (see E.176), Arkell writes: ‘| have spent two whole days sorting about a thousand photos from Kansas [R.C. Moore’s university] into families and writing names on the back and storing in three dozen envelopes’. envelopes labelled There some loose and are 35 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 E.194-E.196 Publications contribution Arkell’s Lexique Stratigraphique International, eds D.T Donovan and J.E Hemingway, Paris 1963. Fasc. the to 3a of 1956-1958 3 folders of alphabetical manuscript sequences of sites, description, references, etc. Included in E.194 are a letter from Arkell to Hemingway 25 August 1956 amending an entry on the Discus Zone (part of the material in E.194) and a letter from A.G. Brighton to Donovan 1958 forwarding the material after Arkell’s death. E.197-E.208 Unpublished work. 1933-1957 E.197 ‘Introductory sketch of the origin and geology of Highworth Hill’. 1933 and typescript 19pp manuscript headnote ‘written 1933 on board the Aquitania between New York and Southampton at request of E. Elwell for his History of Highworth (never published)’. manuscript, with a E.198-E.200 ‘The Portland Beds of the Dorset mainland. Supplement: the Brachiopods’. See E.86 for a later collaborative paper with T.N. Arkell on Highworth. Waddington proved tardy or reluctant to provide his input and the project collapsed (see Arkell’s letter of 1938 to A.G Brighton in E.200). See also F.53 This had been intended as a supplement to Arkell’s long paper ‘The Portland Beds of the Dorset mainland’, Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 46 (1935), with additional material on Rynchonellids contributed by C.H. Waddington. Also includes drawings and photographs with manuscript corrections by Waddington and by Arkell. Arkell’s 18pp typescript and manuscript draft. Waddington’s typescript notes. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Correspondence 1934, 1938. 1934, 1938 Correspondence with Waddington and other colleagues on loans and identifications. Arkell’s letter to A.G. Brighton 1938 explains the history of the project and its delays. ‘A glimpse of Weymouth, Portland and Purbeck three hundred years ago: Coker’s survey’. 10pp typescript take account of corrections suggested in the accompanying correspondence. with manuscript amendments to The paper was submitted in 1942 to Dorset Natural History and the Proceedings but is not listed in the Bibliography. Archaeological publication Society for in Not used. 1945-1946 E.203-E.206 remained unpublished. Its existence, and ‘The geology of Wytham Hills’. 21pp typescript and manuscript drafts, one with manuscript preface. The paper was written 1945-1946 as part of what Arkell hoped would be ‘only the first of a series of surveys of the Wytham estate to be published by the University when circumstances permit’, as documentation of the acquisition of the estate in 1943. The plan did not develop, and the paper the accompanying maps, was known and continued to attract enquiries from researchers up to and after Arkell’s death. 1946-1950 Correspondence 1946 is on Arkell’s abortive plan for a ‘Wytham unfavourable comments from C.S. Elton. Correspondence 1949-1950 is on loan of Arkell’s material and further attempts to have paper published. Arkell’s detailed annotated maps of the area. Correspondence 1946, 1949-1950. Book’ which attracted very W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Publications Correspondence. Correspondence is on a further request to borrow Arkell’s material by Department of Forestry Oxford and its return after his death. One of Arkell’s last letters (February 1958) is included here. ‘Thoughts on Lynchets’ (Wiltshire prehistoric cultivation terraces). typescript 10pp literature, background material. and manuscript draft; notes on the Correspondence 1947 from K.P. Oakley and 1948 on possible and Natural History Magazine. The paper is not listed in the Bibliography. Archaeological publication Wiltshire in ‘Jurassic System’. An update for the Encyclopaedia Britannica of the article originally contributed by Arkell in 1929 to ed. 14, vol. 13. A.G. Brighton refers to this commission in his letter of 22 May 1958 in F.2. Manuscript and typescript drafts, copy of 1929 article with deletions and emendations used as basis for new version, brief editorial correspondence July-November 1957. Arkell’s manuscript is in the wandering hand on the right of the page which testifies to his struggle to recover from his first stroke. ‘sent 20/2/43.’ No other identification of publication. Short manuscript note on the beating of boundaries at an Oxfordshire parish near Cumnor. Documents are on Dorset names for valleys, with a note ‘An account of the crosses on the perambulation’. ‘Gwyles, Goyles and Gills’. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION F SEDGWICK MUSEUM, CAMBRIDGE, F.1-F.54 1931-1959 he had though executor, Arkell died on 18 April 1958, without having appointed a literary specific testamentary bequests for his geological collections and library. The task of overseeing these bequests and of dealing with the very extensive material left in Arkell’s room at the Sedgwick Museum and at his home was undertaken with great efficiency by A.G. Brighton, then Curator of the Museum. made to now held Arkell includes Museum. The material in this section is a photocopy record, kindly the papers and made available by the Museum, of correspondence relating the Sedgwick Brighton’s correspondence with the Trustees and administrators of the estate, and arrangements for the location, return or retention is Brighton’s own long-term correspondence with Arkell on the material of the Sedgwick itself. There are also folders dealing with research and proposed publications still in hand at the time of Arkell’s death. specimens; geological A.G. in It of part of this The papers have been kept and catalogued as an entity for the convenience of those seeking information about holdings in Cambridge. Cross-references are given where appropriate to similar material elsewhere in the collection. F.1-F.2 The material is presented as follows: MANUSCRIPTS AND PUBLICATIONS SETTLEMENT OF THE ESTATE LOANS, IDENTIFICATIONS AND RETURNS OF SPECIMENS RESEARCH F.44-F.54 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge SETTLEMENT OF THE ESTATE Bequests (Sedgwick Museum and Department of Geology). journals fossils and to of Cambridge Bequests of fossils and Arkell’s Jurassic collection of books to Oxford University Museum of Natural History. A.G. Brighton’s letter of 22 May refers to Arkell’s article for the Encyclopaedia Britannica (see E.207). MANUSCRIPTS AND PUBLICATIONS 1958-1959 Correspondence with colleagues on the final publication of Arkell’s monograph on English Bathonian ammonites by the Palaeontographical Society. 1958-1959 on a_ May-September, IDENTIFICATIONS AND RETURNS OF LOANS, SPECIMENS Correspondence, proposed publication on the Thurrell collection of Kimmeridgian ammonites at the Sedgwick Museum. 1948-1958 Some of the correspondence is very brief, some includes exchanges and news from colleagues and copies of despatch years previously. By far the largest component (F.36-F.43) is with listed separately as it predates Arkell’s move to Cambridge and no question of return arises. the Sedgwick Museum itself, presented alphabetically by or This It concerns A.G. individual, and Brighton’s ensuring that all the specimens sent to or collected by him had been duly dealt with and had a legitimate home. for convenience only. activity institution specimens clearing Arkell’s notes for which is from many in rooms is W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge Arabian-American Oil Company. Correspondence with R.A. Bramkamp. See also E.117. Bomford, G. BP Exploration Company. Bradley, P.C.S. Bristol University 1948-1958 a Includes correspondence with reference (letter of 2 June 1958) to Arkell’s work on the Lexicon. See E.194-E.196. D.T. Donovan, and Callomon, J.H. Burmah Oil Company. British Museum (Natural History). Sicilian ammonites. See E.126-E.128. Collignon, M. Emburger, J. Falcon, N.L. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge Fowler, J. Letter from Fowler’s daughter, offering to the Sedgwick Museum the letters her father had received from Arkell. It is not clear whether this offer was accepted but see H.16 for Arkell’s correspondence with Fowler received via H.S. Torrens. Geological Survey, London. 1955-1958 Includes lists of loaned specimens 1955-1958. Hemingway, J.E. House, M.R. lrak Petroleum Company. Matsumoto, T. Mauberge, P.L. Japanese ammonites. See C.13-C.15. Includes a little biographical material about Arkell. Nairobi Mines and Geological Department, Kenya. Melville, R.V. Moore, R.C. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge New Zealand Geological Survey. Arkell’s identification Includes ammonites and a proposed publication manuscript. Arkell did not appoint a literary executor. Brighton’s letter of New of Zealand his draft 14 June states that of Oxford University Museum [of Natural History]. 1949-1958 General correspondence on loans and identifications, continuing including arrangements for the transfer to Oxford of fossils and books bequeathed to the Museum. Arkell’s death after and _ Pateman, D.S. Bedford fossils. 1956-1958 of Arkell’s lists Pruvost, P. Reading University. Powell, D.F.W. Baden- Tanganyika, Department of Geological Survey. Includes presented to the Sedgwick Museum. Wright, C.W. of specimens Warman, H.R. identification 1958-1959 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge Miscellaneous specimens by Arkell, settling the estate, 1939, 1946, 1954 (Madagascar). and kept and used by Brighton in early correspondence on loans 1939-1954 F.36-F.43 Sedgwick Museum. 1931-1947 This is a detailed exchange of letters, cards and lists, mainly about specimens from the Sedgwick sent to Arkell, identified and returned by him. There are a few references to publications. Almost all the correspondence is exchanged with A.G. Brighton, additional information; there is little correspondence with other colleagues. sometimes supplied who a See also E.54, E.55. Correspondence and papers. 1931-1932 1933-1934 1935-1936 1937-1938 Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers. 1946-1947 Includes 6pp manuscript draft on ‘The Purbeck Broken Beds’, and continuing correspondence with O.T.Jones, E.M. Anderson. Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers. Correspondence and papers. 1943-1945 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge F.44-F.54 RESEARCH 1934-1956 This is grouped in the alphabetical order of the titles on the envelopes in which it was received. The material may cover a considerable time-span (see especially continuing work on Ampthill Clay F.44-F.49) and include Arkell’s research notes on specimens from his own collection or from museums, correspondence and drafts. F.44-F.49 F.44 ‘Ampthill Clay and Corallian’. 1934-1953 Arkell’s notes on Ampthill Clay specimens. 1934-c 1947 Mainly in Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire, some with photographs and localities. Work begins 1934, latest reference 1947. 1948-1956 1949, 1955. Correspondence with Geological Survey, London on specimens and loans. 1937-1953 Museum, Correspondence Taunton on loans and identification of specimens, and possible permanent loan to Sedgwick Museum. Somerset County with Correspondence with Geological Survey, London, mainly on Boxworth Rock and a revised survey, which caused some controversy. 1953-1955 Includes a ‘Report on Jack o’ Thumbs hill-spur between Boxworth, Fen Drayton and Conington, Cambs.’, 1949, and 1p later note October 1955. Correspondence, identifications, notes and reports by Arkell and others, on Ampthill Clay ammonites in Oxford region and Cambridgeshire. Correspondence on excavation and ammonites found at new sewage farm site, Sandford, Oxfordshire. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge ‘Cambridge Boring’. 1953-1955 Correspondence, information, 9pp typescript report by Arkell ‘The ammonite succession in the Oxford clay of the Cambridge boring’, May 1955. ‘Oxford Clay fossils’. 1938, 1950 Notes, descriptions of specimens, some photographed, from on Gamlingay ammonites dated 1950. various museums, most dated 1938; 1p ‘Persia’. 1951-1954 research Correspondence and information, mainly arising from in Arkell’s enquiries, his Jurassic History of the World. Includes some early BP reports, Arkell’s identification of Elburz ammonites (north Persia) which he calls ‘a feast’. See J.33. correspondence preparation detailed on _ for ‘Spiti Shales’. ‘Portland Brach[iopod]s’. A fuller manuscript version of Arkell’s contribution to his proposed collaborative paper with C.H. Waddington on ‘The Portland Beds of the Dorset mainland’. See E.198- E.200. 1955-1958 Arkell The name refers to an area of north-west Nepal. consulted the Himalayas in the British Museum and elsewhere, and sponsored Himalaya Expedition which collected further specimens. Correspondence, expedition report, lists of specimens. Ratang-Parbati collections ammonite earlier from the 1956 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION G MEETINGS AND EXCURSIONS, G.1-G.7 1939-1948 Although Arkell is known to have attended conferences overseas, including the US and the Middle East, no documentation survives for such meetings other than occasional references in the correspondence. The material in this section is scanty and refers only to UK meetings, 1939-1948. See B.27 for notes on a visit to USA and Canada in 1933. by Excursion Sedgwick Weymouth and Dorset Coast, 1939. the Club led Cambridge to by Arkell, March 1938-1939 Correspondence, walking permits and visits. arrangements, permissions for XVII International Geological Congress. 1938-1940 and budgets and _ financial with material includes background correspondence committee The and papers, colleagues, statements, schedules and arrangements, Arkell's draft guide for the excursion. organisers The Congress was scheduled to take place in London, 31 July-8 August 1940. Arkell served on the Excursions Committee and was Convenor of Excursion A5, The Dorset Coast and the Isle of Wight. In the event the Congress was postponed sine die. E.B. Bailey's letter 15 November 1939 announcing this and thanking of excursions organisers, concludes ‘It has been a fine bit of patriotic service to internationalism under conditions that from the first savoured of a forlorn hope’ (see G.4). Includes winding-up papers and announcing Congress. January-December 1939. July-December 1938. January-June 1938. postponement Bailey's of letter the the indefinite E.B. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Meetings and excursions Arkell's the proposed A5 excursion. guide to Dorset Coast section of the Manuscript and typescript drafts colleagues. with comments by XVIII International Geological Congress. 1946-1948 August-1 The Congress was September 1948. Excursions Committee and was Director of Excursion A6, Oxford District, 17-24 August. Arkell served London held the on in 25 The Secretary was J.M. Edmonds, to whom Arkell delegated much of the organisation. Additional material can be found in J.M. Edmonds’ papers in the Oxford University Museum History, NCUACS catalogue no 77/6/98, items E.6-E.8. Natural of Papers and correspondence, October 1946-September 1948. 1946-1948 the of with committee colleagues Circulars, excursion guide. papers correspondence Excursions Includes Committee, in particular J.M. Edmonds, travel and accommodation arrangements, excursion itineraries and participants, press cuttings, speech at dinner, letters of thanks. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION H CORRESPONDENCE, H.1-H.38 1932-2001 as but daily, frequent, letter-writing, regarding it almost he appears The surviving material in this section is not extensive. Arkell seems to have had a severely practical approach to a research tool and keeping it with the projects, excursions or publications to which it directly referred. When bending his powers of concentration to a particular theme, he would exchange with very colleagues, up correspondence files In part largely independent scholar with only rare access to official or secretarial support. Nor was he regularly involved in the bureaucracy of modern science with its societies and conferences. he had with the Geological and Palaeontographical Societies, and with the Royal Society, is hardly documented in the surviving papers and not at all in this section. kept in any less functional sense. this derives from Arkell's Such involvement as communications position have not as to a small format Because Arkell's correspondence up to, and often after, the Second World War, was conducted in longhand on writing smaller the of correspondence often cards Thanks to an appeal launched tantalisingly one-sided. by Professor W.J. Kennedy in 1998, several former colleagues made their correspondence available for this collection, and their generosity is acknowledged in the relevant entries. paper the period, even and is it a_ in to the few Only reports material includes inconsequential. or comments on_ As the correspondence is so resolutely ‘professional, it often geological specimens similar research files Many of the exchanges are brief, though elsewhere. never longer-term sequences survive, such as those with J.H. Callomon (H.8), D.T. Donovan (H.11, H.12), P.L. Mauberge (H.21) and C.W. Wright (H.34, H.35). With some of his older friends, Arkell would include personal news, but these are rare. the It should be noted that although the matter of the correspondence is professional, correspondents were not. They include many amateur geologists and collectors, often expert in their localities, with whom Arkell was pleased to share ideas and excursions. They are identified when possible in the entries. Jurassic ammonites in Antarctica. Adie, R.J. and Trendall, A.F. entirely almost W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence Allen, P. Correspondence, notes, Jurassic ammonites’ collected by Allen. report by Arkell on ‘Derived Allen was Professor of Geology at Reading University. Atkinson, E.O. and an amateur geologist in various pits and workings in palaeontologist, Atkinson, the describing finds village Fairford postmaster at Coln St Aldwyns. He rather touchingly invites Arkell 'to accept the hospitality of a village post office’ to inspect pits 'within cycling distance’. (Gloucestershire) area, was the Atkinson, R.J.C. 1944-1945 Palaeolith from Cassington, Oxfordshire. Bigot, A. 1955-1958 Bullard, E.C. 1937, 1939 Brighton, A.G. Letters chiefly to P. Allen on Arkell's last illness. described at greater length in A.5A. Letters 1955-1956 are Arkell's manuscript letters, sent by Callomon in response to an appeal by W.J. Kennedy. Also the correspondence and recalling his association with Arkell, Enquiry enclosing annotated map. Callomon, J.H. boundaries, 1951-1956 about Great Oolite limestone Callomon forwarding letter 1998 from W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence read chemistry Callomon became Professor of Chemistry at London University. He met Arkell at Oxford and regarded him as a mentor. See A.5A. Oxford and at Cunnington, R.H. Sarsen stones. Dietrich, W.O. Ammonites. 1943-1944 1936-1938 Donovan, D.T. 1948-1958 Two sets of correspondence, sent by Donovan for the Arkell archive in 1985. is a two-way correspondence though Arkell's letters and cards predominate. It Arkell visit In was able to life work. 1957 Arkell The last letters, had arranged a sites, The content is almost entirely professional, on identifications, and publications, conducted in friendly terms and referring to visits and meetings. There is some overlap with correspondence elsewhere. Of biographical interest are the last letters 1956-1958 in H.12. to Donovan in September 1956 when he had his first stroke. The visit was cancelled by telegram, and letters from his family describe his condition and the progress of his partial recovery. resume correspondence but with difficulty and, as time went on, some disappointment, though he remained dedicated to his after April 1958, are exchanged with A.G. Brighton following Arkell's death. Douvillé, F. Correspondence, 26 February 1948-26 November 1952. Correspondence, 10 February 1953-4 June 1958. 1953-1958 1948-1952 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence Edmonds, J.M. and others. 1948-1958 General geological research news and many exchanges with Edmonds on loans, identifications and return of specimens from Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Arkell's work on Bathonian ammonites. Arkell's last letter is dated 11 April 1958, regretting the disabilities which prevented him from working normally in the Sedgwick Museum. for Final correspondence, about Arkell's death and funeral, is with A.G. Brighton and includes a spoof note written by him (undated) on the proliferation of doubtful new species Brighton's accompanying card begins 'l was surprised to find Arkell had preserved this - | wrote it in exasperation’. nomenclature. their and_ Enay, R. Fowler, J. 1934-1958 the letters referred to The contents of the two folders were received from different sources and are retained as separate units. The material in H.17 was received from the Oxford University Museum of Natural History via Mr H.P. Powell in November 1998. There is some overlap in the correspondence in 1944 (specimens of Hecticoceras langi), 1955 (specimens of Parkinsonia) and 1956 (Spiroceras). The material in H.16, received from H.S Torrens (in 1998), is more extensive and covers a longer timespan. It may include Fowler's by daughter in 1958 (see F.16) but this is not clear. 1934-1958 The correspondence begins in October 1934 following Fowler's complimentary reception of Arkell's Jurassic System in Great Britain and continues with exchanges of information, specimens, reprints unusually, some personal news. Arkell's letter of 2 February 1945 refers to his love of field geology which determined his career despite his father's preference for the law, to his health, losses among French geologists and at Caen University. Arkell treated Fowler and his work with great respect, arranging deposit for his specimens in the Sedgwick Museum and consulting him Letters and cards from Arkell to Fowler. etc, and, and to the wartime W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence specimens in the Sedgwick Museum and consulting him on localities and types. His letter of 26 December 1952 describes his Christmas visit to King's College Chapel with his three sons of whom he was very proud. His last letters of 1957 and 1958 are touching about his infirmity and longing to undertake field work again. Correspondence with Fowler. 1940-1956 and Exchanges, identification deposit of specimens. Correspondence of June - August 1956 (also referred to in H.16) deals with find made by the young H.S. Torrens whom Fowler writes of in enthusiastic terms as ‘a rare boy’. a House, M.R. 1954- 1958 Photocopied letters and cards, sent by House July 1954 - February 1958, with a covering letter to W.J. Kennedy in October 1998. Jope, W.E.M. 1946, 1947 Hudson, J.D. 1956-1958 Letters and cards, sent by Hudson with a covering letter to W.J. Kennedy in December 1998. Correspondence on the result of digs at Ascot under Wychwood, Oxfordshire. 1948-1956 Jope read chemistry at Oriel College, Oxford and was a biochemist based at the London Hospital. In 1949 he Lecturer, moved to Queen's University, Reader and Professor of Archaeology. He retained a base in Oxford and served on many archaeological committees. the preparation of Oxford Stone. Arkell's tagged folder of extensive letters and cards exchanged with Mauberge (geologist at Nancy, France). Mauberge's letters, very densely typed, are in French. Arkell acknowledges his help in Belfast, as Mauberge, P.L. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence in are letters English the Arkell's correspondence. After a short four-day visit to Paris in April 1950 (his first trip abroad since his serious illness) he felt sufficiently fluent to write at least part of his letters in French. start the at of in on work reports progress, exchanges Bathonian ammonites, on specimens etc., zones, Detailed mainly of identifications, Bajocian and and publications, including a proposed joint paper on the Oxfordian. co-author on the Argiles de la Woevre, but Mauberge's paper on accepted his __ identifications (correspondence, May 1953). A little personal news is included. acknowledgement declined Arkell visits be of to a Mawer, A. (English Place-Name Society) Spelling of Cotswolds. Myres, J.N. of Natural 1938-1943 Passmore, A.D. Bodleian Library book purchases. Correspondence with cards only) is on collecting, and damage to specimens. Arkell (Passmore's letters and Passmore was an antique dealer in Swindon, and a keen collector of fossils and palaeoliths. In 1955 he gave his collection of Jurassic fossils from the Swindon area, collected by him over a period of 60 years from exposures no longer accessible, to the Oxford University Museum of correspondence from him is also held. He died in March 1958. 1943-1945 At the time of this correspondence, Riley was a Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force, who had become interested settlements revealed by crop marks observed during his sorties. Correspondence (Riley's Riley's observations, ideas and publications. Riley, D.N. Thames History, ancient Valley where letters cards only) and file on in a W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence Roman, F. 1937-1938 St George, J.K. Includes manuscript and typescript drafts by Arkell, on the geology of the Isle of Wight and the Dorset coast, for a proposed collaborative work. Schindewolf, O.H. 1936-1937 Spencer, H.E.P. Includes material on East Anglian geology. Stille, H. 1936-1939 copy of Phillips, 1829, Yorkshire, which Tutcher, J.W. Westermann, G. and others. Loans and identifications, mainly Bajocian. miscellaneous notes and tables by Arkell. Two letters from Arkell to Tutcher requesting information. Sent by J.H. Callomon with a note: 'These slipped out of my had previously belonged to J.W. Tutcher'. Received 23 March 1999. 1938-1956 The documents were received from different sources and are therefore kept separate though they are virtually identical in datespan. Wright, C.W. 1953-1956 Includes Wills, L.J. H.34-H.35 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence C.W. Wright, known to Arkell as ‘Bill’ but more commonly as Claud or Willy, was one of Arkell's closest friends and collaborators, and one of the few who addressed him as ‘Jos’. a civil servant in He and his brother E.V. (Ted) Wright (see H.36) were an exceptional pair. Born in 1917 and 1918 respectively, they were both educated at Charterhouse and Christ Church Oxford, and both served and sustained injuries in the Second World War. Subsequently C.W. made his career as the Ministry of Defence (Deputy Under-Secretary of State) and the Department of Education, while E.V. became a Director of Reckitt and Colman. Both remained enthusiastic and expert polymathic remarkable discovery, in 1937 on the Humber foreshore near their boyhood home at Ferriby Hall, of the 'Ferriby Boats', now identified as the largest known European Bronze Age cargo vessels. amateurs, since their first were honoured by Both by universities; in 1987 both received honorary doctorates from the University of Hull. societies learned and by the at little to of _ material of A few letters from others are also included. Letters from Arkell to Wright, received from Wright by W.J. Kennedy, August 1938-September 1952. W.J. Kennedy relating Mainly professional correspondence on identifications, Includes c.v. of Wright and nomenclature, publications. the a Award presentation Strimple the Palaeontological Society to Wright. In his reply Wright says, 'l am proud to be an amateur’ and refers to his early collaboration with ‘Jurassic Arkell’. A little material about the Caen University appeal is also included. 1938-1952 a few The correspondence is friendly When it opens, Wright was still an personal items. already undergraduate Arkell's letter of 27 publishing in geological journals. his degree 'To have July 1939 congratulates him on taken a 2nd in Greats in your stride while leading a full and balanced life and attaining expert standards in Cretaceous palaeontology is no mean achievement’. In view of the later serious breakdown in Arkell's health, usually attributed to wartime stress, it is interesting to note that on 23 February 1941 he writes: 'l am back for later correspondence here and in H.35 on Much of the refers Invertebrate Paleontology. collaborative Treatise Church though Christ in tone, with work on the to W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Correspondence The Sunday after my first week as a strenousity highly stimulating and healthy. | am lucky in working with bright people who generate ideas’. civil servant. far fantastic, find but so is it | Letters from Arkell to Wright received from the Oxford Museum of Natural History via W.J. Kennedy, January 1953-July 1956. 1953-1956 Mainly identifications and nomenclature arising from the Treatise. Includes a manuscript note 'Nomencliature of families and superfamilies' headed 'sent to the Journ. Pal 14/2/54’. Not in Bibliography. Wright, E.V. 1944-2001 Photocopies of correspondence relating to the Caen University appeal, sent to W.J. Kennedy with a covering note 18 November 1998. for requests for Includes Wright's manuscript account of events in June 1944 (pp.2-5), written 1986. 1936-1952 information, publications, In alphabetical order. Shorter correspondence. Thanks identifications etc. Obituary notices of Wright, who died in May 2001, are included here. E.V. Wright was the brother of C.W. See the introduction to H.34, H.35 above. 1937-1939 Shorter unidentified correspondence. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 SECTION J NON TEXT MATERIAL, J.1-J.52 1939-c 1955 This section has been enlarged, at a very late date, by the discovery of additional material, some of it related to This new material is specific publications or projects. listed cross- references given where possible. an addendum at as J.35-J.52, with The material is presented as follows J.1-J.13 ILLUSTRATIONS FOR PUBLICATIONS: DRAWINGS, PHOTOGRAPHS, FIGURES J.14-J.34 MAPS J.35-J.52 ADDENDUM W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material ILLUSTRATIONS FOR PUBLICATIONS: DRAWINGS, PHOTOGRAPHS, FIGURES 1939-1954, nd Illustrations figures. for publications: drawings, photographs, Plates for ‘The ammonite succession at the Woodham Brick Company’s pit’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. vol. 95 (1939). Photographs and drawings for figures. All figures are identified, some with detailed descriptions. Some with Geological Society stamp and probably for ‘The gastropods of the Purbeck Beds’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 97 (1941). 1 envelope. photographs 2 Cotswolds, 1949, 1950. of finds at Boxwell Court, South 1949, 1950 ‘Arabia Cretaceous’. Related to work on Great Oolite. Miscellaneous photographs of Ringstead Bay. Photographs of ammonites in envelope with a note ‘Sent to C.W. Wright 7 March 1950. Returned 15 May 1950’. See correspondence with Wright in H.34. See E.93. 1 box of pen drawings of corals, molluscs, gastropods, large sponges, palaeoliths from the Oxford area format plates, to printers. ‘The Geology of Oxford’. the Dorset Coast and all identified and with instructions in W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material ‘Oxford Stone’. Miscellaneous material Arkell’s study of building stone. relating to the book and to See C.49-C.84. Correspondence with E.J Bowen. Correspondence is about seismograph readings of the traffic vibration in High Street Oxford recorded by Bowen in December 1932 and reproduced with permission by Arkell in Oxford Stone, page 157. Includes queries by drawing for use in the book. Arkell and the original celluloid Arkell’s list of plates. Plates 1-37, pasted on verso of manuscript drafts for miscellaneous other publications. Miscellaneous duplicate and spare photographs. Miscellaneous figures, diagrams and maps. 1 box of maps and drawings for paper on the ancient channel of the Thames and its palaeoliths (Proceedings of the Prehistorical Society (1948)). Drawings are lettered A-N, with a descriptive list by Arkell. Includes maps by M.S Treacher and of drawings of palaeoliths deposited by K.P Oakley, 29 December 1948. plates 45 Large scale pen drawings of mason’s tools. See C.148-C.155. Drawings of palaeoliths. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material Original drawings, diagrams and plates for volumes of Arkell’s monograph on English Bathonian ammonites, c 1948. __c 1948-1954 Also includes some corrected proofs and two letters 1953, 1954 from R.V Melville. See C.23-C.48. J.14-J.34 J.14-J.31 6 inch field maps 1939-c 1955 1939-c 1955 heavily annotated boundaries These are Ordnance Survey sheets almost all coloured record and stratigraphic features observed during many years of field excursions. Some are dated and described on the folders and some have dates on the maps themselves. Arkell. topographical by and They J.14-J.19 Wiltshire and Berkshire. J.14 1939-1950 ‘Highworth 1939-1940’. ‘Marcham-Farringdon 1938-1939’. See also J.36. The areas covered are roughly Somerset, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Oxfordshire and the Cotswolds with a smaller area of Eastern England. ‘Wootton Basset 1949’. V.W.H. [Vale of the White Horse] 1945-46’. ‘Purton 1940’. See also J.39. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material ‘Yatton Regnell and Castle Combe’ 1950. Not annotated. J.20-J.22 Cotswolds and Bath area. 1947-c 1952 J.20 ‘South Cotswolds and Bath area’, some dated 1948. 1948 ‘F.E [Fuller’s Earth] of Cotswolds’, some dated 1947, 1948. See also J.43. 1947-1948 ‘South of Bath’. Maps received April 1995 from D.T Donovan with a covering letter in which he explains that they were part of Arkell’s project on Bathonian stratigraphy, part published in their collaborative paper 1952. See also E.123, E.124, J.43. ‘Islip and Charlton 1943’. ‘Cunmor coral reefs’. 1943 and January J.23 ‘Wheatley-Beckley 1940’. 1940-1955, nd 1940 J.23-J.29 Cotswolds and Oxford area. 1943-1955 ‘Woodstock and Cherwell Valley, 1947’. Includes brief correspondence from F.W Shotton 1955. ‘Burford, Taynton, Sherborne Quarries’, 1946. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material ‘Evenlode Gorge’. ‘Charlbury Area’. No annotations. J.30-J.31 Eastern Counties. J.30 ‘Clipsham, Bytam’ (Leicestershire). ‘Barnham, West Stow, etc. 1950’ (Suffolk). Not annotated. J.32-J.34 Miscellaneous 1940-1954 Drawings of quarries in the Cornbrash. Map of ‘Elburz Coal Survey-1940’. J.32 rocks in Oxfordshire Nd This map was probably sent to Arkell 1951-1954. Map of distribution of Corallian area. Maps, charts, drawings, photographs for publications. Maps and notes used in Arkell’s paper ‘Three complete sections of the Cornbrash’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond., vol. 65 (1954). J.35-J.52 ADDENDUM See F.52. ‘Sutton Bingham’ (Northamptonshire). J.35-J.46 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material Map of the Upper Corallian Beds round Boars Hill and Cumnor, Oxfordshire. This was Plate 6 accompanying Arkell’s paper ‘On the nature, origin and climatic significance of the coral reefs in the vicinity of Oxford’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol 91 (1935). of Photographs Dorset surveyed 1889 by Sir A. Strahan, sent to Arkell in 1936 for use in his paper on Dorset tectonics. Ordnance Survey map of See C.8, E.79. the ‘Map of Corallian Beds between Marcham and Farringdon, Berkshire’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol 50 (1939). See also J.14. Proc. Britain, at the only copy in See also E.84. ‘Map of the Corallian Beds around Highworth, Wiltshire by W.J. Arkell 1940’, 52 (1941). See also J.15. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol Map of Germany, with a note by Arkell ‘Reproduced from the Geological Survey Library...July 1940’, related to Arkell’s paper ‘Mineral Resources of Continental Europe’, Nature, Lond., 1941. 100 (1944). ‘Map of the Coralian Beds around Purton, Wiltshire by W.J. Arkell 1940’, Wiltsh. Archaeol. nat. Hist. Mag. vol 49 (1941). See also J.16. Three maps, published in Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol ‘Geology W.J.Arkell’. Haseleys, Oxon of the Miltons and by W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material ‘The geology of the Evenlode gorge, Oxfordshire’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond. vol 58 (1947). Index to plate 1. See also E.94, E.95. ‘The structure of Spring Bottom Ridge and the origin of the mud-slides, Osmington, Dorset’, Proc. Geol. Ass. Lond., vol 62 (1951). charts, Maps, of Geologists’ Association Meeting, 5 May 1950, at which Arkell’s paper was read. photographs, diagrams, note geological maps of Three Cotswold areas, paper with Cotswolds’, Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol 107 (1952). Gloucestershire and with dates 1946-1950, perhaps for the D.T. Donovan on ‘Fuller Earth the of 1946-1950 See also E:128, 5.124, J.21; J.22. See also E.91. See also E.88-E.92. ‘Mere Fault’, drawing by B.H. Mottram 1954. Maps of the south Dorset coast, Abbotsbury, Osmington, Ringstead areas, annotated and coloured, one dated 1953, perhaps for revisions to papers with C.W. and H.J.O. Wright, Mem. Geol. Surv. U.K. 1947, revised 1952. 1952, 1953 Small-scale map of the world, with geological indications by Arkell, undated, perhaps for Jurassic Geology of the World, 1956. These are all of Dorset. area and it has documents to a specific publication. Arkell wrote extensively on the the Ordnance Survey maps. not been possible to See also E.139-E.161. J.47-J.50 relate all W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Non-text material ‘Bincombe - Sutton Poyntz’ Maps of the coastal area, Portland, Ringstead, Worth Matravers, Swanage, signed and dated February 1940. sections Vertical Dorset locations, numbered 1-5, some with annotations by Arkell. geological formations of in Extensive maps of annotated and/or coloured by Arkell. Dorset, on J.51-J.52 Swindon. various scales, all c 1918-1920 J.514 ‘Large scale road map of twenty miles about Swindon’, undated but c 1918-1920. Ordnance Survey map with the area west of Swindon inked and coloured. Arkell has added geological formations in colour, and inked in roads centred on Highworth, perhaps his cycling trips. One is marked ‘From Wellington [Arkell’s school] 50 miles’. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS ABEL, Othenio ADIE, Raymond AINSLEY, Basil AITKEN, William George ALLEN, Percival ALLEN, Robin S. ALLISON, Archibald ALTINLI, I.E. ANDERSON, Ernest Masson ANDERSON, Frederick William ANDREW, Gerald H.37 H.1 H.34 F.32 A.5A, A.10, E.145, H.2 E.145 C.12 C.22 F.40 C.156, E.47, E.145 C.110°G444 See also C.107 A.10, A.20, C.107 ARBER, Muriel A. ATKINSON, E.O. ARKELL, Anthony John ARKELL, Graham ARKELL, Peter ARKELL, Raymond ANGLO-IRANIAN OIL COMPANY E:126,'F.35 C.16, C.22 El 7ieo A.10 See H.29 ARKELL, Julian and Mervyn C.176 A.10 A.5A ARABIAN AMERICAN OIL COMPANY ANGLO-SAXON PETROLEUM COMPANY LTD See POWELL, Donald BADEN- ATKINSON, Richard John Copland ARKELL, Sir Thomas Noel BADEN-POWELL, Donald A.5, H.12 E.86 H.3 C.74, H.4 AXTELL, Richard J. C.56, C.69, C.78 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents BAILEY, Sir Edward Battersby A.10, E.84, G.2 BAIRSTOW, Leslie BAKER, J.M. BALK, Robert BANNISTER, N. C.9, E.172-E.174, E.176, E.177, E.179 C.67 H.5 E.90 BARBER, Cecil Thomas C.171, C.172, C.174 BASSE de MENORVAL, Eliane See MENORVAL, Eliane BASSE de BATHER, Francis Arthur BAYKAL, Fuat BAYLISS, Donald G. BERSIER, Arnold E.32 C.22 E.205 C.156 A.10, C.54, C.57, C.74 BP EXPLORATION COMPANY LTD BIGOT, Alexandre Pierre Désiré BINNIE, Alfred Maurice H.6 E.29 E.138 BOWEN, Edmund John BOWEN, H. Collins C.29, C.34, F.6 A.10, C.70, C.73, J.7 BLACK, Maurice BOMFORD, Guy C.16-C.18, C.85, C.111, C.170, C.171, C.174, E.43, E.126, E.148, C.103, C.104, C.105 C.28, C.29, C.31, C.33, C.39, C,116,:0.116,.C. 176, E.83, £.101, f.6,Gual Je also D’(ARCY EXPLORATION CoO. LTD BRADLEY, Peter Colley SYLVESTER- BRAMKAMP, Richard A. BREASTED, James Henry BRADFORD, John Spencer Purvis BRADLEY, Peter E.81 E.146 Betie:S W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 BREED, Jack BRENTNALL, H.C. Index of correspondents E152 E.86, E.96, E.99, E.101, £.114 BREUIL, Henri Edouard Prosper C.128 BRIGHTON, Albert George BRINKMANN, R. BROMEHEAD, C.N. BROUWER, A. BROWN, E. Ernest S. BRUNNSCHWEILER, Rudi O. BRYSON, John Norman BUCHER, Walter H. A.10, C.6, C.9, C.43, E.54, E.55, E80) 6.108) E.117; 6.121, 6194, F.1-F.3, F.49, H.6A, H.12, H.14 See also E.200 E131 C.26, C.78, C.179 E13) E.29 C.9, E.131 C.65 C.85 C.10-C.12, F.11 BULTMANN, Rudolf BUNTING, R.H. BURGESS, Frederick Et A.10, H.7 BUCKMAN, Sydney Savory C.85 ES1Gi E.201 C.74 BULLARD, Sir Edward (Crisp) BURMAH OIL COMPANY LTD BULMAN, Oliver Meredith Boone E.44 A.5A, C.162, E.146, F.12, F.48, F.49, H.8 See also H.31 C.5 G.2, G.6 C.68 CALLOMON, John Hannes CALVER, Michael A. CARDINET, J. BUSSON, Georges BUTLER, Arthur James BUXTON, John F.3 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents CARLYLE, E.L. CAROZZI, A. CARPENTER, G. D. Hale CARVALHO, G. Soares de CASEY, Raymond CHANNON, Percival Joseph CHATWIN, Charles Panzetta CLARK, J. Grahame D. CLARK, Sir Wilfrid Edward Le Gros COBLEY, David H. COLLIEU, Eric George COLLIGNON, Maurice C.67 C.156 A.10 C.20 C.13, H.37 C.37, C.38, C.39, E.131 A.10, C.26, C.160, E.45, E.46, E.83, G.2, G.3 C.150 A.10 A.5 C.65 F.13 COLO, G. COX, E:T: C.170, C.171 CORNET, André CORRY, Andrew C.42 C.67 C.5 H.37 C.69 COOKE, Colin A. COX, Leslie Reginald COSTIN, William Conrad ©.9;,C:10; G.21; ©.25; C.27, C.28, C.29, C.33, E.14, E.83, E.101, E.105-E.110) £117, £.126, £.472, E102, Gora C.110 CUNNINGTON, M.E. CUNNINGTON, R.H. CREED, Rufus S. C.68 C.9 C.57 E.60 CRESPIN, Irene CRIPPS, John CUVILLIER, Jean C.134, E.60, H.9 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents DALE, Sir Henry Hallett DALTON, R. Francis DANGEARD, L. DANIEL, Glyn Edmund D’ARCY EXPLORATION COMPANY LTD DAVIES, E. Morley DEAN, Noel DEAN, William Thornton DECHASEAUxX, Colette DESIO, Ardito Ee E.133, E.134 E.44 C.150 C.28, C.170, C.183, E.90, E.156, Fid0;F.52 See also BP EXPLORATION CO. LTD E.31 C.57 C.122 H.37 C.111 DODD, R.. Fielding DOLLFUS, Gustave Frédéric DONOVAN, Desmond Thomas DORN, Paul E.45, E.80, F.45 DIETRICH, Wilhelm Otto DINHAM, C. Hawker DIXON, Ernest Edward Leslie H.10 F.45 C.54 Ee SY DOUGLAS, James Archibald (‘Jock’) C.5, C.13, C.30, C.32, C.35, C.39, C.40, C.117-C.122, C.162, E.123, 146, E18t, bored, Hatenw.2e E.51 C.146, E.90, E.138, E.201, E.207 DOUVILLE, Henri Ferdinand EAGAR, Richard Michael Cardwell C.10, C.152 See also A.19 F.35, H.13 DREW, Charles D. DUBAR, G. DUTERTRE, A.P. C.4, C.35, C.120 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents EAMES, Frank Evelyn C1656 126; F735 EDMONDS, James Marmaduke EDMUNDS, F.H. ELTON, Charles Sutherland EMBERGER,, Jacques EMDEN, Alfred Brotherston ENAY, R. ERBEN, H.K. ESDAILE, Edmund EVANS, P. EVITT, William R. C.28, C.31, E.206, F.27, F.48, F.49, G.6, H.14 C.168, C.179, H.37 E.205 C.5, F.14 C.58 H.15 C.21 C.58 C.10-C.12 C.164, E.145 FALEOIE Ps FISHER, James FORD, Edmund Brisco E.133, E.138 FALCON, Norman Leslie E.32 C.124 F.26 FARRAR, Raymond A.H. FAIRBRIDGE, Rhodes W. E.131 E.148 E.146 FISHER, Herbert Albert Laurens FLEMING, Sir Charles Alexander A.5, E.146 A.10, C.26, C.146, E.82, F.16, H.16, H.17 A.10, C.63 C.54 FOSTER, A.J. FOWLER, Joseph FOX, Harold Munro FREBOLD, Hans FURNISH, William M. Ey C119 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 GARROD, Heathcote William GEYER: O:R GIBSON, Strickland GLAESSNER, Martin Fritz GLAUERT, L. GLENISTER, Brian F. GODDARD, Edward Hungerford GODFREY, Walter H. GORE, Charles Herbert Henry Index of correspondents F.4 C.59, C.65 C.9, C.164 E.131 C.9 E.85 C.74 E.101 GREEN, David C.59, C.78, C.79, C.80 GRIGSON, Geoffrey Edward Harvey C.59 GUILLAUME, Louis GUNTHER, A. Everard C.28, C.31, C.36 E32; E147 A.5A, F.4, F.49 HARLAND, Walter Brian HARVEY, John H. HARDEN, Donald Benjamin C.59, C.147, E.85 HANCOCK, Jake Michael HANNA, G. Dallas F.46 EST E.60 HARRISON, John Vernon HAAS, Otto R. HALLAM, A.D. HARRIS, Thomas Maxwell C.118, C.121, C.122, E.145, E.173 C.1d7, C118; C160; E1715 E174; HEMINGWAY, John Edwin A.11, C.151 C.166 101; F562 A.11, C.21, E.148 HASSALL, Averil Grafton HAWKINS, Herbert Leader HEDBERG, Hollis D. HEMMING, Francis C.84 C.59 A.11, F.18, G.4 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents HERON, Alexander Macmillan HESTER, G.W. HEY, R.W. HISCOCK, Walter George HODGKIN, Robert Howard HODSON, Frank HOFFMANN, K. HOLDER, Helmut HOLLINGWORTH, Sydney Ewart HOLMES, S.C.A. HOUSE, Michael Robert HUDSON, John Douglas E.182, E.184 C.12 E.45, E.46 G.1 C.70 C.68 C.116 C.35 A.13, E.146, E.183 A.11 F.49 C.162, E.138, F.19, H.18 H.19 HUSAIN, Katherine C.8, F.20 H.32 G.1 C.55, C.67 HUGHES, T. Harold HUF, Fr. Wolfgang HUGHES, Norman HUME, W.F. HUNTER, Alan C.109 C.59 A.5 HUXLEY, Sir Julian Sorell HUDSON, Robert George Spencer C.27 IRAQ PETROLEUM COMPANY LTD IBRAHIM, Mahmoud M. E.121, £.145 C.8, F.20 C.109 IMLAY, Ralph W. IRESON, J. JACOB, Ch. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 JACOB, Ernest Fraser JAWORSKI, E. JOHNSON, John JONES, J.B. JOPE, W. Edward Martyn KAY, G. Marshall KEEN, Hugh H. KELLAWAY, G.A. Index of correspondents C.65 E.41 E.205 E.99, E.100 C.60, C.72, H.20 C.85, E.145, E.146 C.73 C.25, C.160, E.46 KENT, Sir Peter (Percy Edward) A.11, C.28, C.171, E.43, E.156, F562 KING, Lester C. KING, Philip B. E.146 C.85 KIRKALDY, John Francis KIRKWOOD, John KITCHIN, Finlay Lorimer KOBAYASHI, T. A.11, C.130, C.144 A.7, A.11, C.129, C.139, F.35 A.11, E.60 A.11 E.31 KRAUTWASSER,, [?] KRUMBECK, Lothar E105 E.131 E.148 KING, William Bernard Robinson KNOWLES, Sir Francis Howe Seymour KOENIGSWALD, Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Care Aal7 E.117, E.146, E.168, £.169, £.171, E.173-E.176, E.179-E.185 C.33, C.41 E.146 LACAILLE, A.D. LAFITTE, R. KUMM, A. KUMMEL, Bernhard C.131, C.147 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 LAMBERT, B. LANDON, T. LANG, William Dickson LEE, Philip R. LEEDS, Edward Thurlow LEES, George Martin LEWIS, William Vaughan LIEB, Fritz LIGHTFOOT, Robert Henry EMEE, O:H: LUCAS, Gabriel LUPHER, R.L. LYS, Francis John Index of correspondents C.54 C.70 A.11, E.133, G.3, G.5 C.55, C.73, C.80 A.11, C.142 C:85, C:111, F.52 E.132, E.133 H.32 C.61, E.32, £.131 C.103, C.106, C.109 C.4, C.5, E.146 E.131 C.70 McLEARN, F.H. MACNEIL, F. Stearns MAUBERGE, Pierre L. C.123 C.34 C.28, E.131 McWHAE, J. Ross MARTIN, A.J. MARWICK, John MATSUMOTO, Tatsuro McKERROW, W. Stuart H.37 C.9 C.35 MACFADYEN, William Archibald E.114, F.3, F.24, F.45, F.47, F.50, AV 1, C:27, 6:28, G:31, C.33; C.121, C.159, C.160, C.175, E.46, E.101, E.107, E.108, E.110, C.4, F.22, H.21 See also A.1 MELVILLE, Richard Valentine E.154 C213; F:21 MAWER,, Allen MELMORE, Sidney H.22 A.11 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents MENORVAL, Eliane BASSE de MILLER, Arthur K. MILNE, J.G. MINN, Henry MOHLER, W. MOORE, Raymond Cecil MORRIS, Nancy P. MOTTISTONE, Henry John Alexander Seely, 2nd Baron MOTTRAM, Brian G.3, G.4, H.17, J.13 E.146, E.175 See also G.6 E.168, E.169, E.171, £.173-E.175, E.179-E.182, E.185 C.61, C.66 C.61 H.37 C.164, E.146, E.170, E.171, E.173- E.177, E.179-E.178 See also E.149, F.24 A.11 C.58 A.11, E.91 MURRAY, George W. MYNORS, R.A.B. MYRES, John Nowell E.29, E.51A NEWELL, Norman D. NEWTON, William C.110, C.111 C.65 E.85, H.23 NEAVERSON, Ernest MUIR-WOOD, Helen Marguerite See WOOD, Helen Marguerite MUIR- Cai NORRINGTON, Sir Arthur Lionel Pugh OAKESHOTT, Sir Walter Fraser NORTH, Frederick John E.182 C.144 C.70 E.82 H.37 NORTH, F.K. : NUTTALL, W.L.F. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 OAKLEY, Kenneth Page OMARA, S. OSMASTON, F.C. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS OXLEY, Cameron D. Index of correspondents A.11, C.123, C.132-C.134, C.147, C.149, E.207 See also J.11 E.147 E.206 E.30 C.33 PALAEONTOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY E439, £.102-F:110) E170, F.3 PANTIN, Carl Frederick Abel PANTIN, William Abel PANZER, E.E.L. (‘Pansy’) PASSMORE, Arthur D. Eyl /t C.66, C.68 A.15 H.24 F.28 C.19 C.54 A.11, C.61 PATEMAN, D.S. PATTERSON, John PEERS, Sir Charles PENNIMAN, T.K. PERIAM, Cliff E. C.135 C.35 E.131 PHILLPOTS, Brian S. PLAYFORD, Phillip E. PFANNENSTIEL, Max PLASKETT, Harry Hemley C.61 POWELL, Donald Ferlys Wilson BADEN- A.11, C.136, C.144, E.94, F.29 PRUVOST, Pierre Eugéne C.61 A.11 E.131 E.131 E.31 F.30 PRIDER, Rex T. PRINGLE, John POLUNIN, Nicholas PUGH, C.W. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 RASTALL, Robert Heron REELY, A. REYNOLDS, Sidney Hugh RICHARDSON, Linsdall RICKARD, R.L. RICKETTS, H.W. RILEY, D.N. RODGERS, John ROGER, Jean ROMAN, Frederic ROSENKRANTZ, Alfred Index of correspondents E.14, E.29, E.31 C.28, C.29, E.42, E.131 C.29, E.29 A.11, C.25, C.36, C.63, C.78, C.116, E.31, E.109 C.68 E.50 H.25 C.164, C.165 C28; C6156 :117 H.26 E.148 ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS C.62, C.69 RUEDEMANN, Paul B22) 147. ST GEORGE, J.K. SATO, Tadashi SCHAFFER, R.J. C.21 C.78 H.27 E.146 RUEGG, Werner RUSSELL, J.L. SANDFORD, Kenneth Stuart SALISBURY, Albert Edward C.73 A.12, C.103, C.104, C.137, G.6, H.14 E.181, E.182, H.28 See also E.180 SCHINDEWOLF, Otto Heinrich C.13 A.12, C.62 SCHMIDT, Hermann SCHNEEGANS, D. Gat E135 H.37 A.6 SCHUCHERT, Charles SCOTT, C.H. W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents SCOTT, D.H. SEDDING, Rev. E.D. SEITZ, O. SHEPPARD, Thomas SHERRINGTON, Sir Charles Scott C.9 C.147 C.156 E.49 A.12 SHOTTON, Frederick William A.7, A.12, C.85, E.94, J.26 SIMMONS, Jack SIMPSON, G.W. SIMPSON, Scott SISAM, Kenneth SMALLCOMBE, W.A. SMITH, Alic Halford C.76 C.56 C.163, F.49 E.30, G.6 G.151 C.54 SOLLAS, William Johnson STENTON, Sir Frank Merry SPILLER, Reginald Charles STAMP, Sir Laurence Dudley C.74 A.12 E.14,E.31 SORNAY, J. SOUTHERN, H.N. SMITH, J. H. Boys SMITH, W. Campbell C.161 E.206 H.29 SPENCER, Harold Evelyn Peere STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF EGYPT E.110, E.170-E.172, £.179 STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF NEW JERSEY STUBBLEFIELD, Sir (Cyril) James STRATTON, Frederick John Marrian A.13, C.85, E.131, E.146, H.30 A.12, B.35, E.39, E.46, E.106- C.138 E.147 E.85 C.70 C.109 STEVENSON, G.H. STILLE, Hans A.12, E.101, E.205 @108;:E.122 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents SWINFORD, George SWINNERTON, Henry Hurd SYLVESTER BRADLEY, Peter Colley C.56 E.60 See BRADLEY, Peter Colley Sylvester SYNNOT, Ronald Victor Okes HART- C.69 TAITT, A.H. TANSLEY, Sir Arthur George TAYLOR, James Haward TAYLOR, M.V. TERMIER, Henri TERRA, Hellmut de C.170, C.171 C.123 A.12, C.62 C.62, H.37 C.42 H.37 THOMAS, Henry Dighton E72, G:37G.5 THOMSON, Michael TOMLINSON, Mabel E. TORRENS, Hugh Simon THURRELL, Reginald G. Axl? F125 E.83 E.205 C.70 Caz, F.4 TOMKEIEFF, Sergei Ivanovitch TOMLIN, John Read Le Brockton THOMPSON, Rev. James Matthew THOMPSON, John Harold Crossley C.85; C114, E.146 TRUEMAN, Sir Arthur Elijah H.1 E.31 A.12 E229 C.154) Ea A.12, C.139, E.94 See H.16, H.17 TREACHER, Llewellyn TREACHER, Mabel S. TRENDALL, A.F. TOWLE, F.A. TURNER, H. W. TURNER, John Selwyn C.140, C.152-C.154 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents TUTCHER, John William E.1, E.13, E.382, E.200, H.31 See also C.27, E.63, E.72 VEALE, Sir Douglas VERSEY, H.C. WADDINGTON, Conrad Hal WAGER, Lawrence Rickard WALLIS, F.S. WARMAN, H.R. WATSON, David Meredith Seares WATTS, William Whitehead WEAVER, J.R.H. E.200 A.12 Asv23e:1 C.183, E.126, F.33 A.8 E.14 C.70 C.62 C.9 WHISTLER, Laurence WHITE, A.H. C121 E131; A382 C.78, C.79, C.80 WEIR, William WELCH, F.B.A. WHITE, E. WHITE, E.J. C.27, C.28, C.36, C.85, G.2 WESTERMANN, Gerd E. G. WEST AUSTRALIAN PTY LTD C.156 WHITTARD, Walter Frederick C.163 H.33 E.53 WHITE, Harold J. Osborne = G.2 A.12 WILSON, Vernon WOLBURG, J. WILLS, Leonard Johnston WILSON, Charles H. WHITE, Errol lvor E126) F.52 C.88, C.141, C.155, G.4 A.12, E.31, E.46 W.J. Arkell NCUACS 102/1/02 Index of correspondents WOLFENDEN, J.H. WOOD, Alan WOOD, Helen Marguerite MUIR- WOODS, Henry WOODWARD, Sir Arthur Smith WOODWARD, Maud WORTHINGTON, J. Hubert WRIGHT, Claud William WRIGHT, Edward Vere WRIGLEY, Arthur George A.12 G.6 C.25-C.29, C.32, C.39, E.172, E.200, F.50 A.12 E.14, E.39 A.12 C.56, C.67 A.12, C.8, C.12, C.16, E.106, E.170-E.176, E.179-E.187, E.189, F.34, H.34, H.35 See also A.5, A.15, A.23, J.4 A.12, H.36 A.12, C.160, E.101, E.176