HARDY, Alister Clavering v1

Published: 13 September, 2023  Author: admin


Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of SIR ALISTER CLAVERING HARDY FRS (1896 - 1985) Deposited in the Bodleian Library, Oxford Compiled by Jeannine Alton and Peter Harper 1988 All rights reserved University of Bath NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, and the production of this catalogue, are made possible by the support of the following societies and organisations: The Biochemical Society The British Library The City of Bath The Geological Society The Institute of Physics Pergamon Books The Royal Society Shell UK Ltd The Royal Society of Chemistry The Society of Chemical Industry NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THE COLLECTION IS YET AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION, ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO: BODLEIAN LIBRARY THE KEEPER OF WESTERN MANUSCRIPTS OXFORD NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy LIST OF CONTENTS GENERAL INTRODUCTION SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL A.1-A.57 Career, Honours and Awards Autobiography Miscellaneous SECTION B ZOOLOGY AND MARINE BIOLOGY B.1-B.167 -1-B.67 Research Projects -68-B.95 Lectures, Publications, Broadcasts SECTION D SECTION C C.1-C.111 Introduction Investigations and Ideas - 156-B.167 References and Recommendations RELIGION AND THE PARANORMAL -96-B. 106 Visits and Expeditions - 107-B.155 Correspondence Lectures, Publications, Broadcasts PATENTS, INVENTIONS, IDEAS Religious Experience Research Unit (RERU) Correspondence Printed Material NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy SECTION E OTHER INTERESTS Introduction Flight and balloons With an introductory note Northern Cyclist Battalion (NCB) With an introductory note Drawing and painting With an introductory note Fiction and poetry With an introductory note Boxing With an introductory note SECTION F NON-PRINT MATERIAL Photographs Drawings Films Tape recordings INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy GENERAL INTRODUCTION PROVENANCE The material was received at various dates July 1986 - February 1988 from Mr Michael Hardy and Mrs Belinda Farley (son and daughter). OUTLINE OF THE CAREER OF SIR ALISTER HARDY Alister Hardy was born in 1896 into a prosperous middle-class family then living in Nottingham where his father was an architect. His mother was from Northumberland; both parents were country lovers and the family regularly spent holidays in Yorkshire in the country or at the sea. When Hardy's father school (Oundle 1911-14) and university (Exeter College Oxford 1914). in the laboratory in a spiritual matters for the rest of his life. He returned to Oxford in 1919, of natural history, cycling, aircraft and sketching. The enforced interruption died in 1904 they moved to Harrogate and Hardy embarked on a traditional Already, however, less conventional elements were present in his love education pattern at preparatory school (Bramcote, Scarborough 1908-11), public of the war and his service with the Northern Cyclist Battalion gave him new perspectives and catalysed his thinking on many social, humanitarian and conducted research at the Stazione Zoologica Naples in 1921 and from August of that year took up his first post at the Fisheries Laboratory Lowestoft where he worked on herring drifters and from aircraft as well as his research interest and providing the additional stimuli of new experiences, study of plankton. This became his principal research interest and prompted his devising of recording apparatus leading to the Continuous Plankton Recorder In 1924 he was appointed Zoologist on the Discovery expedition to the Antarctic 1925-27. This was another vital formative period, confirming him in with which his name will always be associated. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy a degree of physical challenge, camaraderie and a distancing from everyday preoccupations. On his return he enriched his private life by marriage to Sylvia Garstang (December 1927), while professional ly he was appointed to a newly created Professorship at Hull with a special interest in marine biology (October 1928). Here he was able to develop a Department of Oceanography and pursue his work on marine and aerial plankton. His award of the Scientific Medal of the Zoological Society (1939) and election to the Royal Society (1940) date from this period. Hardy moved in 1942 to the Regius Chair at Aberdeen and in 1946 to the Linacre Chair at Oxford where he did much to encourage field researches at the Bureau of Animal Population and the Edward Grey Institute for Field Ornithology. a contribution to his aim of fostering the study He saw these as of ecology - including human ecology - adumbrated in his Inaugural Lecture at Aberdeen 1942 (‘Natural history old and new') and developed in his British Association Address 1949 ('Zoology outside the marine biology continued and his major work The open sea was published in laboratory'). own work His in two volumes in the 1950s. up address for The living stream and The divine flame in 1965 and With the Gifford Lectures given at Aberdeen 1963-64 and 1964-65 and their publication as 1966 Hardy's career moved more strongly towards the study of evolutionary theory, natural theology and the biological basis of religious behaviour. In 1968 he Set the Religious Experience Research Unit at Manchester College Oxford to assemble and analyse religious experiences and most of his later writings were about the work of the Unit and his own beliefs. This aspect of his life work was crowned by the award of the Templeton Prize for 1985 which enabled the work to continue under a fitting change of name as the Alister Hardy Research Centre. Hardy himself, then 89, lived to make preparations and compose his be present and died a week later, in May 1985. the award ceremony, but was not well enough to NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION It must be borne in mind that Hardy and his wife lived to a great age and as they became frailer moved to smaller accommodation with inevitable restrictions on space. Thus while the collection gives a good picture of most aspects of Hardy's many-sided life there are some omissions, such as any records of committee work for his several universities and departments, for government or advisory boards or for learned societies. There are few, albeit interesting, first-hand research records and Hardy's expeditions and travels are under-documented. The surviving correspondence is relatively thin and much must have been discarded. Fortunately Hardy, who was determined to write his autobiography, firmly kept documentation of what he considered key events or those “whieh continued In athe wforefront of his interest. There is in consequence more material about his early formative years than about the established career, especially the Oxford period. The papers are presented as shown in the List af Contents. otherwise recorded; There individual entries in the body of the catalogue. The following paragraphs aim which Hardy did not live to complete; the extant draft goes up to 1925 and the material tails off somewhat after about 1950. Section A (Biographical and autobiographical) documents most of the only to draw attention to material of particular interest. Additional explanatory notes accompany many of the sections, sub-sections and relationships, and includes some applications for or offers of posts not steps in Hardy's career both in relation to formal appointments and to personal are also the plans, outlines and several draft chapters for the autobiography thus includes the crucial 'vow' which Hardy made in his first term at Oxford to Of special interest is the includes Hardy's early plankton research, the development of the plankton try to bring about a reconciliation between evolution theory and the spiritual research material with related publications, lectures and expeditions. Section B (Zoology and marine biology) contains the surviving the ill-fated expedition and shipwreck of 1941 in an indicator and recorder, attempt to explore plankton as a food resource. awareness of man. It NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy material on the Discovery expedition, with Hardy's preparatory work and sketches and his journals and reports; material on his published account of the voyage, Great Waters, and later correspondence are also included. Other projects are aerial drift, vertical migration and the 'Aquatic man' theory. The correspondence, though generally slight, has more substantial exchanges in the 1920s with Armand Denis whom Hardy met at Naples, and with Sir John Ellerman the reclusive millionaire shipping magnate who supported Hardy's oceanographic work at Hull. Section C (Religion and the paranormal) supplies another dimension in Hardy's life and work. The material preserved here suggests that rather than being a scientist with a secondary interest in religious matters Hardy was a religious or mystic personality who saw his scientific career as an essential platform from which he could pursue a primary spiritual aim. The introduction to Section C develops and gives some of the evidence for this view. The material includes records of Hardy's early (1916) and continuing interest in telepathy and thought transference. There is a considerable number bibliographies. of various kinds in 1979. of lectures and publications; the best-known are of course the Gifford liveliness and ingenuity of Hardy's mind, and also his self-confidence; its founding in 1968 to Hardy's death in 1985. first attested patent dates from 1919, and he was still busy inventing devices The history of the Religious Experience Research Unit is also Lectures, but they are only the most substantial contribution to a steady Section D (Patents, inventions, ideas) is a short section showing the documented in some detail through correspondence, minutes and other papers from output right up to 1984 by no means all of which are listed in the published his formation and mind. There are fuller notes on all these topics in Section E. Battalion, however, bring out much more sharply some of the factors bearing on Section E (Other interests) bears more abundant testimony to Hardy's His short stories and writings were in part an attempt to his philosophical and social preoccupations. sketching might be termed 'hobbies' though Hardy put them to good use in other correspondence and other material on boxing, and on the Northern Cyclist exceptional drive and energy. Some of the 'interests' such as flight and areas of his life. externalise some of the The NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Section F contains photographs, tape recordings and film of most phases in Hardy's career, including his war service, the Discovery and other expeditions, his university departments at Hull and Oxford and some of his marine research. The tape recordings are of his autobiographical Desert Island Discs programme, and expositions of his views on evolution and religion. The obituary of Hardy published in The Times bore the headline ‘Zoologist and religious thinker', and with truth. Yet this leaves out of count one of the most fundamental aspects of his character as shown in his personal papers: anger at false values, revulsion from established privilege and artificial barriers. This complex emotion, which Hardy himself found hard to express in other than an amalgam of philanthropy, idealism, social concern, rather naive terms, was triggered by his sudden contact as an immature 19 year old with Battalion. the Northumberland and Durham pitmen of the Northern Cyclist He felt, as he later explained, intense anger at having been misled by his education and social circumstances into such ignorance of and he determined never himself to erect social barriers and to dismantle them wherever he could. His resolution combined with his innate energy and he was life, as good as his word. The letters speak directly or One a treasured correspondence when the arranging reunion and also of wives, considerable distances to hospitals, homes and gatherings, meals and meetings, welcoming old acquaintances at his home, children and grandchildren taking up The collection abounds in clusters of correspondence from those in subordinate positions whom he never overlooked, never forgot, and never treated as other than a friend. by implication of steady exchanges of news, advice, visits, remembrances for birthdays, Christmas, weddings and christenings unto the second and third generation. has a picture of Hardy making regular safaris often to original recipient was too infirm, or dead. There were shipmates from the George Bligh (A.14) and Discovery (A.16), laboratory staff from Hull Nils A.24), Aberdeen (A.39) and Oxford (A.47). There are sparring partners (E£.35- There are touching letters from the widows of the lost crewmen of the to do other than admire his dedication. Most remarkable is the long sequence of letters and other material from the ex-servicemen of the Northern Cyclist Battalion (E£.12- £.23) with its repeated testimony to the respect and affection which Hardy inspired in those who kept up and a degree of artificiality in his own directness and simplicity make it impossible the correspondence. While there was undoubt edly E.42). Christine Rose (A.33). some measure of social guilt on Hardy's part, such a relationship, yet NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 10 Hardy thus emerges as something of a Protean figure yet wholly straightforward in all his activities. It is perhaps significant that he went by an unusual variety of names to suit the circumstances. He did not own name Alister which he described as 'sissy', though he used it addressed by in official correspondence and by less close friends. To university employees he was 'Prof' and to their families and children 'Uncle Prof'. To most scientific colleagues he was 'A.C.'. like his and was it To his father-in-law he was and signed himself 'Ali'. More mysteriously, old friends from Oundle and Plymouth called him 'Glider' and some of his Lowestoft colleagues use But ‘Clarence'. to his shipmates and NCB comrades he was always 'Mac', and ‘Uncle Mac' to their families, contracted from 'Mac - Alister' a nickname he had been given in 1915 because of the vaguely Scottish origins of his own name. It so many names - one is reminded of is uncommon to find someone answering to David Copperfield - and it adds another strand to the tantalising mixture of complexity and simplicity in Hardy's personality. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy LOCATIONS OF OTHER MATERIAL Alister Hardy Research Centre Oxford: watercolours of temples Fisheries Laboratory Lowestoft: framed photograph of George Bligh and crew; plans, and miscellaneous photographs of Continuous Plankton Recorder Hull University Library Archives: taped recollections National Maritime Museum: 26 watercolours and 3 photographs of Discovery expedition Oxford University Department of Zoology: 42 watercolours Science Museum London: original Continuous Plankton Recorder ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Monks Wood Experimental Station Huntingdon: insect drift material material available and for their advice and encouragement, and members of the We would like to thank Mr Michael Hardy and Mrs Belinda Farley for making the June 1988 staff of the Department of Western Manuscripts of the Bodleian Library for advice and information. Jeannine Alton Peter Harper NCUACS 5/4/88 SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL Career, Honours and Awards Autobiography Miscellaneous NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy CAREER, HONOURS AND AWARDS A.1-A.54 Early Days Postcards from parents. Miscellaneous religious material including Hardy's Member's Card of Schoolboys' Scripture Union. Bramcote Preparatory School, Scarborough (Roll of Honour). views of school and laboratory, Oundle School: Transactions of Science Society 1914, cyclist's map of area with some underlined roads and places, headmaster's testimonial 1916 recommending Hardy for the Board.of Agriculture', and a later letter 1919. ‘“Fomest Officer to the post of Exeter College Oxford 1914, 1919-21 Matriculation Certificate 1914. Club! meetings, menu card designed by Hardy and signed War Service ‘Decimal by members 1914, miscellaneous memorabilia 1919-20. Question paper for Christopher Welch scholarship, press-cut ting, letter of congratulation 1920. 1936) through whom Hardy had first joined the cyclist battalion. Certificates of courses attended, transfer to Northumberland Fusiliers, posting abroad, demobilisation etc. Also included here are two letters from F.C. Garrett (1919, Memorabilia, including souvenirs of brief service in France. Commission with Northern Cyclist Battalion 1915. Army book 439 with record of service. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 14 the Northern Cyclist Battalion was a very Hardy's service with important factor in his life, introducing him to a hitherto unknown sector of British society. The relationships he made at the time and carefully fostered for the rest of his life are documented in Section E and in the photographs and film in DEC ELON: rs Work on camouflage 1917-18 Notes Warfare', 'Camouflage'. 'Painting on its use and misuse', ‘Invisibility in Army instruction book on camouflage. Letters from wartime comrade 1918-23, 1926. Stazione Zoologica, Naples spent - June 1921 at it friends six months December 1920 the Hardy The Stazione, correspondence with about research, the organisation of the Stazione and his own future Career prospects; is presented in alphabetical order of correspondent. working on Priapulus and other worms. is his colleagues and Two draft letters by Hardy on the organisation of the Stazione. 1920-21 fin” ELS2Y} L927 1922 1920, 1921: 1920 Bourne, G.C. Buxton, P.A. de Beer, G. Goodrich, E.5. Harerson,, 7) WA Shorter correspondence following Naples visit. This is a wide-ranging exchange of personal and scientific news on Hardy's letter of 16 May 1921 reveals his range of interests, his views on academic research and his inclination towards the post at the Fisheries in preference to an immediate return to University work. Hardy's and Huxley's careers etc. the Stazione, Huxtey.,. J <5. 1920-26 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 15 Hardy's journal of impressions of Rome and Naples December 1920 - January 1921, and 1 page on leaving Naples 3 June. Hardy's report on work done at Stazione. Diary for 1921 including Naples and Italian travels, visits to NCB comrades, expeditions on George Bligh, flying at Felixstowe. Career prospects 1920, 1921 Offers of posts as Curator of Sarawak Museum, at Leeds, assistant lecturer at Edinburgh. special lecturer Fisheries Research, Lowestoft as Assistant Hardy's appointment preliminary correspondence with J.S. Gardiner, testimonials, resignation from Christopher Welch scholarship, thanks on resignation from post to serve on Discovery, signed menu for farewell dinner 1924. Naturalist, letter of Miscellaneous telegrams (signed with nicknames) and letters from colleagues at Lowestoft 1922-57. Later material, mainly historical 1967-84. Includes various references to Hardy and colleagues, photographs and films, a copy of Hardy's comic drawing of the George Bligh and its personnel (made 1922 or 1923) with his description and reminiscences (1982). Also included are Signed menus for Letters from crew of George Bligh (research trawler at Lowestoft) and their families. Correspondence re Hardy's appointment as 'Zoologist on Scientific Staff" (he had applied for the post of Director, to which S. end of appointment (1928). letters of thanks at Kemp was appointed), 'Discovery' expedition NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 16 launching parties, and copy of Nineteenth Century expedition and which he often refers to The 1923 which first aroused Hardy's interest in R. Darnley's article in in his accounts. Letters from crew of Discovery and their families. Material relating to the research of the Discovery expedition is in Section B. Photographs are in Section F. Engagement and marriage Letters to Sylvia Garstang (14 December 1925) Garstang (28 July 1926). and Walter Hardy's long letter (43 an important statement of his views on evolution, the relationship between science and religion, human nature, class, and his own personality and spiritual development past and future. to Sylvia is pp) University College (later University) of Hull This episode is referred to Letters of congratulation, notices of wedding 1927. Hardy's draft letter of application for Chair of Zoology. Letter 1929 from Duchess of Bedford giving set Zoological Society to Hardy's Department as most courteous letter'. history of the Department (A.30) pp.13-14. period as Principal of McGill University. Correspondence 1936 re application by Hardy for the Chair of Zoology at Glasgow and his decision to remain at Hull. Includes long draft letter from Hardy to Huxley setting out his views on his career, the eventual possibility of the Oxford Chair and his wish to develop research in human ecology, and manuscript testimonials from S. Kemp and A.E. Morgan. Correspondence 1935-40 with A.E. Morgan including Morgan's brief of Journal of he had written 'the in the NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 17 Ax 21 Hardy's letter to old members of Needler Hall (of residence) where he was Acting Warden 1940. Minutes of meetings, statement by Hardy on his acceptance of the Regius Chair at Aberdeen and the oceanographical work at Hull, 1942. the future of Conferment of .Hon. D.Sc, Hull; 1963. Letters from Hull Laboratory staff and their families. Letters from Needler Hall staff and their families. of life for Historical material on the University of Hull Hardy Letters and photographs from J. Bartlett and family. at Needler Hall first met Bartlett during the Second World War a porter and Hardy was Acting where Bartlett was then working as He remained in touch with him and his family through Warden. the the many vicissitudes of Bartlett's career and was known to The letters, from Bartlett, his children as ‘Uncle Prof.' children and others, run from 1940 to 1985 showing Hardy's solicitude and unwearying attempts by precept, gifts, visits and interventions to establish a stable way him. Several of Hardy's later letters are of interest for their autobiographical content and exposition of his spiritual views; they survive in longhand drafts or copies laboriously made when he was already in his eighties. detailed comments by Hardy and Lucas, 1976-77. Correspondence with author and with C.E£. Lucas on University history project, with special reference to Chapter 5 'Success and failure: two case studies'. Includes draft chapter, and Brief correspondence and (part) transcript of Hardy's taped recollections recorded for the history project for the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the University College, 1971. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 18 A.28 ‘Notes on Cyril Lucas', written by Hardy at request of Public Orator (J.G. Phillips) for conferment of Honorary Doctorate on ucas 571970). 3 pp. typescript recollections, mainly on plankton research; includes reference to shipwreck of Christine Rose expedition off West of Scotland in 1941. Also included here are Lucas's own recollections of early years (1929-57) at Holl adcd. ‘Sir Alister Hardy's reminiscences of Department of Zoology at the University of Hull.' the early days of the 47 pp. typescript with manuscript corrections, contributed at the request of a proposed history of the Zoology department from its inception in 1928. J.G. Phillips and Miles for H.B. Includes material on the circumstances of Hardy's appointment, building design, teaching load, early colleagues, museum and library, plankton research, kite-flying and aerial plankton, Hardy's acceptance of the Regius Chair at Aberdeen and the transfer of oceanographic work to Edinburgh as the Oceanographic Laboratory of See also Bal 2, the Scottish Marine Biological Association. Belo. the foundation and early history of Special mention is made in the Foreword of Copy of the history. Hardy's assistance. Miscellaneous biographical material 1930s Correspondence 1981-84 with Phillips and Miles is also included. Printed matter relating to University College Hull and to Hardy's work there. Society of London 1939. be Correspondence on proposed Biological Station at Bermuda to built by the Rockefeller Foundation and offer to Hardy of post These are Hardy's own manuscript copies of as first Director. Letters to “€.d. 5 June 1937 to J. Ellerman Ashworth) n.d. [1930] see letter of ate Correspondence on award of first Scientific Medal of Zoological Royal Discovery, plan of review. Review at (Woxiey}” ang *E.JcA,". invitation aboard him: be. 'Joo.H." Naval Spithead 1935; Be Liye 7 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy The 'Christine Rose! a steam trawler engaged on This was investigate the possibility of using marine plankton as of food, which sank off the West of Kintyre on with the loss of the captain and four members of the crew. a research project to a source 10 September 1941 Material includes certificate of loss of belongings, draft note letters from by Hardy for Nature, next letters of condolence and money (addressed to nursing home where he was recuperating). Hardy's list of crew members, whom crew sent Tost had kin he of of to Aberdeen University For earlier correspondence about Seer Al. the Regius Chair at Aberdeen, Warrant of appointment 1942. co: and 1949. Hardy, history - old Address 'Natural History Museum of University UK copyright libraries because of Montage of photographs of Natural sent Hardy's Inaugural new' delivered 28 April 1942, with Hardy's reflections on human ecology and evolutionary theory. Copy with some later revisions by Hardy. Also includes his correspondence 1982 arranging for copies to be sent to the relevance of the lecture to his later work. Letters from Aberdeen Laboratory staff and their families. Letters of thanks for copies of original address, some with personal or scientific news. Conferment of Hon. L1.D. 1962. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Glasgow University Offer of Chair of Zoology, 1944. Oxford University Preliminary correspondence and approaches to Hardy about the Linacre Chair of Zoology, February—-July 1945. Hardy's application for Chair, miscellaneous material on FSSU, salary. letter of appointment July 1945, Letters and telegrams of congratulation, described as 'selection from the many “some: withepersional or scientific news, ~.*. «.recelived!, 1945. General shorter correspondence on affairs of Department 1957-71. Correspondence and papers on Hardy's retirement, the Linacre Chair, the organisation of biological studies at Oxford and the new Zoology building 1959-63. Letters from Oxford Laboratory staff and their families. General correspondence on the affairs and organisation of the Oxford Department 1945-48; scientific correspondence, Hope Professorship, ecological studies in America etc. See also F.34, F.35. Miscellaneous material on Oxford Department 1947-77, including presentation of the triple portrait of Hardy, J.R. Baker and E.B. Ford in the new building 1972. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy British Museum of Natural History Correspondence 1946-47 when Hardy was asked to consider the post of Director. Honours 1949-57 Honours 1961-84 Election to Athenaeum 1949. Hon. Fellowship, Zoological Society of India 1956. Knighthood 1957. Hon. Life Member, New York Academy of Sciences 1961. Hon. D.Sc., University of Southampton 1962. Charities Hardy's death Hon. Fellowship, Merton College Oxford 1964. Vice-Presidency, World Congress of Faiths 1979. Hon. Membership, British Ecological Society 1963. Vice-Presidency, Scottish Marine Biological Association 1984. the very large number received. ) Miscellaneous subscriptions and charities. Includes correspondence re Hardy's regular donations to Giles Church Oxford; in his letter of October 1956 he explains his practice of calling there most mornings on his way though feeling 'more at ease theologically' for public worship at Manchester College. Letters of condolence on Hardy's death 1985. (Few survive from St to work, NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 22 Recollections of Hardy, Society Memoir of Hardy) and passed on by him; C. N. Tinbergen. N.B. Marshall (author of Royal from P. Brunet, Southwood, Southern, sent to Elton, Lucas, [.R.E. J.R. H.N. A.54 AUTOBIOGRAPHY Hardy had intended to write a full autobiography to complement the various accounts of separate episodes of his life already published. He drew up plans and chapter headings and had many photographs prepared from manuscripts, letters, drawings or press-cuttings already in He envisaged a two-volume production, to be called 'For fun and for joy' and ‘More fun and greater joy' with the subtitle 'An Autobiography of a life of many experiences and adventures, but governed by a teen-age vow'. Later the title 'A Life with a vow' was adopted and Hardy began dictating the work to Anita Dunn. The surviving document is typescript with some manuscript corrections by Hardy. his files (see F.48). 'A Life with a vow! pp. 19-27 pp. 28-32 pp. 45-54 pp. 71-82 Chapter 1 Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Oundle pp. 33-44 Beloved company pp.55-65 Introduction i-ii Pack up your traps 1914 - War and the vow with two additional pages Airships and flying machines The honeysuckle and the bee - childhood wonder pp. 1-18 7) R.R.S. Discovery - preparing for the voyage pp. 106-112 Fisheries research, Lowestoft 1921-1924 pp. 90-105 Flying for fish (pages not numbered) Oxford 1919-1920 Naples pp. 83-89 My mermaid (pp. Camouflage pp.66-70 Chapter 10 Chapter 13 Chapter 11 Chapter Chapter 8 9 Chapter 33 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 23 Also included are various chapter-headings and draft introduction for 'For fun and for joy', notes of episodes to be included etc., 1 December 1977 C.51) outlining his intentions and proposed method for the autobiography. and a duplicate copy of Hardy's letter of (also at Miscellaneous biographical notes prepared by Hardy at different dates. MISCELLANEOUS Includes: Shorter personal correspondence, various dates 1925-85. Envelope of photographs and documents found in Hardy's wallet and of special value to him. Passports. Envelope of obituaries of friends and colleaques, many written by Hardy. Obituaries of Hardy. Miscellaneous memorabilia. Press cuttings. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy SECTION B ZOOLOGY AND MARINE BIOLOGY B.1-B.167 Research Projects B.68-B.95 Lectures, Publications, Broadcasts B.96-B. 106 Visits and Expeditions B.107-B.155 Correspondence B. 156-B. 167 References and Recommendations NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy RESEARCH PROJECTS B.1-B.67 In chronological order of the surviving dated material. PRIAPULUS Hardy was able to obtain specimens of this rare worm in Essex and won the Christopher Welch Scholarship in 1920 largely to conduct research on them. did not publish it. During his period at Hull he continued his interest in the work, which was carried out by M. Tazelaar on specimens provided from various sources on the Essex mudflats. He drafted a paper, but "Notes on the habits, reproductive and excretory organs, and early stages in the development of Priapulus caudatus.' Manuscript draft marginal comments signed obtained specimens for Hardy in l3pp, acknowledgments, references. passing on the material 1926 (no indication of recipient). with manuscript corrections by Hardy and Lambert who See correspondence). With a note from Hardy 'FJL' (probably the 1930s. F.J. Hardy's notes on the literature. Experimental notes probably 1920. Correspondence 1920 re location of specimens. Drawings and diagrams, some dated 1920, 1931, most undated. Zoologica Naples) and other larval forms. Later correspondence 1931-40 on Priapulus research, location of specimens; includes correspondence with E.S. Goodrich to whom Hardy sent his early drawings and notes. lecture by Hardy on Priapuloidea, which Stazione Manuscript draft Spinunculoidea (a for a worm he had studied at NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy PLANKTON This was the principal subject of Hardy's scientific work, begun in 1921 at the Fisheries Research Laboratory, Lowestoft. It prompted him to invent the plankton indicator and, later, the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) which has continued in use, in modified form, as a tool of oceanographical research. and may include drawings, The surviving material is presented in chronological order of drafts and topic, correspondence. at and of the in the laboratory, and of east coast ports of Britain are held at Lowestoft. Photographs of the recorder in use on the Discovery expedition, and the original drawings, are at F.16 and F.49 respectively. the fishing fleets working out the recorder in use Photographs of photographs, sea Plankton and herring his scheme for a photographs of Early papers on plankton. erugsce KKK Ve0f 5.9. George Bligh, 22-30 March 1922. This was the cruise when Hardy was in charge because of the illness of W. Wallace and used a spare day to conduct a multiple sampling over 24 hours from the same station. The wide variation in plankton distribution which he thus discovered was of great importance in prompting him to devise a continuous recording instrument (Memoir p. 230). 'The study of plankton in relation to the food of to Challenger Society June 1922. Material includes 'programme' for cruise, Hardy's manuscript report on his findings 30 March 1922, '24 Hours station experiment' 14 February 1923, diagrams of fluctuation observed on original experiment, ‘'patchiness of North Sea plankton', plankton identification charts. fish (Herring, Mackerel and the like)', August 1922. Hardy's patent no. 205260, for 'An instrument for use on fishing boats to indicate the probable presence or absence of pelagic ‘Plankton in relation to Association September 1923. the herring', British "Notes on plankton'. the herring’, the food of NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Plankton Indicator and Continuous Recorder Material commemorating first successful tow of recorder by commercial ship from Hull to Bremen, 1931. Includes signed dinner menu, drawings of recorder and plankton variations, and earlier letter 1927 from M.T. Denne who made the first recorder (see Hardy's Autobiography). Material 1934 re The Hardy Patent Plankton Indicator for commercial fishing. Br12, “Bibs reports and papers September 1948 - March 1951 Correspondence, relating to continuing plankton recording at Hull its transfer from Hull to the Scottish Marine Biological Association Oceanographic Laboratory, Leith, Edinburgh. and Hardy felt that this transfer, and his part in misunderstood and unfavourably interpreted and particularly concerned that out in the Hull Departmental history (see A.29). had been was the matter should be correctly set it, he 1950-51. 1950. Includes Hardy's farewell letter to the staff 31 March The correspondence is exchanged with the Universities of Hull and Edinburgh, the Development Commission, and with research colleagues. Hardy's letter 6 May 1949 to the Principal of Hull 1948-49. explains his thinking about the move to Leith and the history, financing and possible future of oceanographical research at Hull. arts Material re working scale model of plankton recorder made at Government Training Centre Leicester 1951 and presented to Includes photographs, correspondence with manager and Hardy. re with retirement of manager which Hardy attended. ne trainees involved, long association with Plankton "My J.M. Scrivener, Recorder'. Laboratory Steward at Hull from 1936 and later at Edinburgh. 80pp typescript account by Hardy Continuous the 1960 all and later material NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 28 B.16 Correspondence etc. with Science Museum London 1976-77, 1981 on original CPR displayed in new Geophysics and Oceanography Gallery. Miscellaneous correspondence on plankton recorder. 1945 (early work by J.V. Thompson). 1959 (recorder on submarine). 1963 (plankton in Indian Ocean). 1977 (opening of Institute for Marine Environmental Research, Plymouth, where work was transferred from Edinburgh). Aerial plankton/insect drift This work began in the early 1930s somewhat hazardously using kites on land, and later using col lecting nets or kites flown from the research ship George Bligh. The work was resumed in 1947 using ships and helicopters. F.6. Plankton as a source of food Material includes small notebook of observations on George Bligh 3-9 August 1937 (not and some later notes May 1945 on vertical distribution of plankton, correspondence and reports on 'Sky-Insect-Trap' with RAF personnel on helicopter observations, copy of Punch article on ship observations on Newhaven-Dieppe crossing (not otherwise documented). in Hardy's hand), For photographs of Hardy's experiments on aerial plankton (all dates) see F.5, an economic harvest. This was a wartime project, mainly triggered by articles and Parliamentary questions by Sir John Graham Kerr, which Hardy developed via an article in Nature (June 1941) into a research proposal funded by the Agricultural Research Council. The work began in August 1941 but was cut short in September by the loss of one of the vessels, the Christine Rose, with the loss of the skipper and four of the crew. Investigations continued: in 1942 and 1943 but were brought to an end in July 1943 as the plankton yield appeared to be declining and to offer little prospect of NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 29 Belo Correspondence and papers April-August 1941, including exchanges with Graham Kerr, Hardy's Nature article and research proposal, negotiations with Agricultural Research Council and other official bodies, and with scientific colleagues on various aspects of research. Correspondence on equipment, mainly special netting required. Correspondence September-November 194] following shipwreck, including medical certificate for Hardy 'suffering from an extreme form of debility both physical and nervous’. - ' Correspondence and papers 1942-44 on continuation of Includes Hardy's 'Brief note on experiments investigations. ; ARC of plankton for ‘Investigations (1941-43) into the possible use the feeding of animal stocks' (2 copies, one with extensive deletions and corrections). his unpublished report 1943, July and the to Observations and data 1941-43. unpublished. Background material, some Costs and expenses. Shorter later correspondence on plankton as food 1949, 1954. Hardy's 'Diary and proceedings' of the origins, setting-up and research of 1941 expedition, up to and including the loss of the Christine Rose. 22 May - 27 August 1942. Two small notebooks of observations at various points off coast of Scotland. Vertical migration NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy B.28 16-29 September 1942, 1 May - 3 July 1943. For photographs of WaNePaton, see b.4, fF. /-E.10. this work, and of Hardy's assistant THE DISCOVERY EXPEDITION Preparatory work Hardy describes much of this work in his draft autobiography, Chapter 11 R.R.S. Discovery - preparing for the voyage and also in Great Waters. Album 'Notes from the "Michael Sars" July 1924'. This was the research ship (spelt Mikel Saars in the autobiography) of Johann Hjort the Norwegian oceanographer with whom Hardy spent six weeks planning and making detailed drawings of equipment. The album contains photographs and pen and ink drawings. Loose papers from B.30; press-— cutting, map of Mount Hekla and letter from E.B. Poulton about moth specimen. include water-colours by Hardy, Drawings for ‘Arctic and Antarctic Plankton-Boats', probably made on Michael Sars, and two letters 1924, 1928 from J. Hjort. and 'crossbow', Album of photographs taken during summer 1924, including testing of whale-marking gun of Michael Sars equipment and gear, Hardy's tour of Iceland, ascent of Mount Hekla where he found a specimen of Epsilia quadrangula not recorded at that altitude. 1969. Hardy's original sketches 1924 for the shore laboratory at South Georgia, and the original blueprint made from them August 1924 sent to Hardy as a gift from the British Antarctic Survey in NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 8: 34 Deck plans and drawings, some by Hardy. Charts and diagrams some by, or annotated by Hardy. Report of the Interdepartmental Committee on Research and Development in Hardy's own copy, with some marginal scoring of sections relating to work on whales. the Falkland Islands, HMSO 1920. ... General regulations and instructions for expedition. the Discovery Hardy's Journals and reports ‘The Private Diaries of LOZ]. A.C. Hardy. R.R.S. Discovery 1925- Two large ledger-type volumes, closely written in pen, with considerable revision, deletion and editorial work in pencil probably added when the material was revised for Great Waters. Volume 2 pp. 301-376. 16 December 1926 - 25 April - 9 September 1927. 24 September 1925 - 25 April 1927. ‘Second report on the scientific work of the R.R.S. William scoresby' 31 January 1927. Hardy's original 10 pp. manuscript, and later typed-up version. ‘Description of Wilson Harbour', n.d. [1927]. "Fourth report of the scientific work of the Scoresby' for period 11 May - 30 June 1927. and typed-up version. ‘Report defects and deficiencies in equipment generally on the William Scoresby', n.d. above. upon the scientific fittings and but sent with R.R.S. William Hardy's manuscript on damage done in the deck laboratory ... Volume 1 pp. 1-300. for period NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy B.41 Miscellaneous press-cuttings on Discovery expedition. Great Waters Hardy's account (Collins 1967) of the Discovery expedition, based on his journals and other contemporary material, and on the published Discovery reports. Miscellaneous data, notes and drawings assembled or made for book. Included here is correspondence 1937-62 with Methuen & Company whose editor E.V. Rieu had been in contact with Hardy since 1937 with a view to publishing his book (Antarctic Natural History). Later the company felt less interested in the project and the book was published by Collins. Correspondence with colleagues in preparation for book, information, permission to quote or reproduce diagrams, comments on draft. Includes some recollections of expedition, photographs etc. Various dates 1962-67. Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, made in 1968 for Great Waters. Correspondence, draft of Hardy's speech of acceptance (read on his behalf). Errata lists, Hardy's list of those receiving complimentary copies, letters of thanks from readers, some with personal recollections or scientific information/queries and some with Hardy's replies. On 'crossbow' for whale-marking (see also B.30). Captain of Discovery; ship Later Discovery correspondence and material and original sketch of includes off South On J.R. 1965. photograph (1941), Shetland, by Stenhouse April 1927. Stenhouse, 1976. Reviews of book. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy B.48 Mainly on project to refit and restore Discovery 1979. as floating museum as part of National Maritime Museum, colloquium on project (Hardy attended and spoke, photographs included), map showing ‘Hardy Point' on Bel lingshausen Island, Hardy's drafts for display material etc. 1980. expedition to National Maritime Museum, colloquium (includes photograph). Hardy's gift of watercolours and photographs of second Discovery 1981-83. Maritime Museum and Maritime Trust. Continuing correspondence, mainly with National 1977-84. and historians of Antarctica. expedition and its history, see F.11-F.20. Miscellaneous correspondence with Discovery colleagues the Discovery For photographs of MOTHS AND THE MOON 'A programme of herring research’, for Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries 1944, address on same topic October 1949, minutes of Herring Group meetings (chaired by Hardy) 1949, 1951. prepared by Hardy HERRING Records of three experiments September 1947 and September 1948 to investigate possible effects of light on insects, using balloons and ground observers, conducted at Weston-on-the-Green, Oxford (see Memoir p. 245). The descriptive title is Hardy's own. his lectures on camouflage and animal coloration at B.72. Correspondence, photographs and papers 1959-76 on zebra coloration and its relation to 'dazzle' camouflage. Includes exchange of correspondence with N. Tinbergen December 1964 in which Hardy explains his ideas on illusion patterning. See also ZEBRA COLORATION NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy KRILL 1960-63. krill by Correspondence on preparation of report on Antarctic J. Marr, and on Hardy's Great Waters. 1965. New Scientist, July 1965. Correspondence arising from Hardy's article on krill in Material relating to Symposium on Antarctic Oceanography, Santiago, Chile, September 1966, which Hardy attended as a the Royal Society, delivering a paper 'The delegate of production, distribution and possible exploitation of the The paper was not published at the time and Antarctic krill'. Hardy submitted it a subsequent conference in 1976. G. Deacon's letter returning the paper in B.57. the proceedings of for inclusion in See Included here is a provisional patent specification filed on 26 January 1967 for 'A device for the capture of fish, krill etc. by a combination of nets and pumps'. Later correspondence and material on krill harvesting 1976-79. LOCH NESS MONSTER AQUATIC MAN Much of Correspondence, photographs and other material mainly 1960-62 including minutes of meeting at Linnean Society April 1961 and separate reports by C.F.A. Pantin and Hardy. and researchers, drafts of papers, comments by Hardy etc. the possible aquatic past Hardy published only short papers on an extended work of man, in collaboration with Desmond Morris during the 1970s. The ideas of the earlier papers, which were widely disseminated, aroused interest among researchers and were a material factor in the popular accounts The descent of woman and The aquatic ape, by E. Morgan (see B.63). the material consists of correspondence with colleagues though there were tentative plans for NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy IF B.59 Hardy's published articles on Copies of (New Scientist April presented with linking material to The aquatic ape. 1960, The Listener May 1960, for publication as aquatic man Zenith Lee, an appendix Miscellaneous manuscript notes by Hardy. Cunnane, S.C. Correspondence, drafts, Hardy's comments 1977-79. Harries, H.C Kurtén, B. .21979 La Lumiére, L.P. and others. comments 1980-83. Correspondence, drafts, Hardy's E. and others. Morgan, the writing and reception of Hardy's and Morris's letters of February 1979 refer to plans for a book by D. Morris provisionally called Aquatic man: the Hardy theory re- examined. Hardy's foreword etc. 1979-85, mainly on The aquatic ape, 1982. 1979-85; 1979-83. Morris, D.. snerry, B.J. Wescott, R.W. Miscellaneous shorter correspondence. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy LECTURES, PUBLICATIONS, BROADCASTS B.68-B.95 LECTURES Very few lecture scripts survive. Those that do are mainly for university courses, all manuscript and with drawings or diagrams by Hardy, sometimes given from year to year with additions and updating, and in consequence very difficult to date. "Modern whaling', 25 September 1930. 7pp. manuscript. ‘Principles and problems of pelagic ecology'. three special lectures, University College London, November 1934 (Notice only. Not otherwise documented.) Course of 15 (Island faunas) of forms'. 7 "The Mechanics of animal design', n.d. 'Larval Notes and diagrams of several dates, incorporating some verses by Garstang, Hardy's notes of lecture on larval forms by Garstang, Plymouth 1920, and notes by him for a lecture on See B.83 re his publication of Garstang's verses. 'The Idea of Paedomorphosis'. ‘Animal distribution'. Lectures 4 (Coral reefs and islands), 8 (The tropical forest), 9-13 (Zoogeographical regions), 14 (Land bridges), a course, n.d. Material on coral reefs incorporates later talk on 'Visit to a coral reef' on occasion of Pacific Science Congress in 1957 (see B.100). Bodley Club, Merton College Oxford May 1950. ‘Animal coloration'. Notes, drawings and material, perhaps 199 OS: (ote a talk on ‘Camouflage in nature and war' and Hardy's water-colour drawings and photographs (marked 'Secret') for camouflaged road-blocks on main roads into Oxford, on Hull University writing-paper and probably done before Second World War. Notes and material for a paper given to 8.54) 5 Includes brief notes for 'deads or Tales?'. The NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy oi, B.74 Hardy's introduction to 'The Final Honours Course in Zoology at Oxford University’ for advanced class undergraduates, October T9> hs History as "Natural Man’. Manuscript notes and drawings for lecture at University of Singapore 1953. its Importance to a Science and See B.96-B.98. ‘Toward prediction in the sea'. ‘Perspectives in Oceanography 1956. in Bibliography of Memoir. See Paper given at Symposium on Institution of Marine Biology', Text prepared for publication but not listed Scripps B.99. 'General Morphology'. of six lectures given at Oxford, n.d. 1950s. Notes, drawings and material for a course 'Evolution'. a course of sixteen lectures given at Oxford, n.d. 1950s with updated references to 1960. reading lists for drafts, drawings, Notes, -80, B.81 Also includes miscellaneous manuscript notes and diagrams, mainly on sea floor sampling. ‘Biological Qceanography'. Syllabus, notes, drafts, drawings, reading lists for a course of sixteen lectures given at Oxford, n.d. 1950s with updated references to 1962. Also includes notice and reading list for a course of five lectures on evolution given by Hardy for University of Oxford Institute of Education 1958, and miscellaneous unattributed notes and drafts. 1954 (programme enclosed). Background information on Linacre, including Thomas Linacre School Wigan where Hardy gave the Speech Day address November ‘Thomas Linacre - his life and inf luence'. 1960, Linacre's quincentenary. Heavily corrected variously-paginated manuscript draft. Lecture given in NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 38 B.82 Brief notes by Hardy on his lectures at Oxford, for examination questions. and suggestions PUBLICATIONS Larval Forms No manuscript material survives for most publications. expedition, see B.42-B.46. his book Great Waters on For of Hardy's scientific the Discovery of known. The Open Sea This was a collection of 'zoological verses' by Walter Garstang, Hardy's father-in-law. Hardy collected and edited them in 1951, contributing an introductory essay on Garstang's theory of paedomorphosis, the importance of which from an evolutionary point The publisher was B.H. Blackwell. view he thought insufficiently well Correspondence 1951-80 with colleagues, family and publisher, royalty statements etc. very popular, with American and paperback editions. Hardy was first invited to contribute a book of this title to Collins 'New Naturalist' series in 1943 by Julian Huxley who was then on the editorial board. A contract was signed in 1943 and arrangements made for Hardy's own water-colours to be used as illustrations, with photographs by the distinguished marine photographer D.P. Wilson. When Hardy's manuscript was finally completed (1956) it greatly exceeded the series length and the decision was taken to present it two volumes - The World of plankton (1956) and Fish and Fisheries (1959). The books were in NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Vol.I The World of plankton Correspondence with colleagues sending information, photographs, specimens etc. 1952-56. In alphabetical order. Comments on book, suggestions for corrections, Hardy's errata lists 1956-58. In alphabetical order. Letters of thanks for complimentary copies 1956. Vol.II Fish and Fisheries Correspondence with colleagues sending information, specimens etc. 1957-58. In alphabetical order. Collins Publishers Reviews Illustrations In alphabetical order. Correspondence with publishers and editors, contracts, later editions etc. 1943-84. Comments on book, suggestions for corrections, letters of thanks etc. 1959-60. Also a little later correspondence from readers 1968-84. of D.P. Wilson's photographs used as plates. Press-cuttings of Vols.I and II. Drawings, figures, plates, mostly Hardy's originals, also some NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Miscellaneous Miscellaneous shorter correspondence with publishers and editors on projected books and writings 1964, 1981, 1983. Folder of royalty statements and information, all dates, on both scientific and religious publications. Royalties BROADCASTS 1960. BBC TV 'Eye on research' (correspondence only). 1961. Granada TV (correspondence only). 1984. 1930. Listener 1 October. History Unit (Aerial plankton - BBC series of six talks 'Our food from the sea', versions BBC talk ‘Catching whales', version published in The 1981. BBC’ Natural correspondence only). 1931. published in The Listener April-May. only). Golden Dolphin Productions (aquatic ape - correspondence 1982. Central TV 'Nature Watch' (correspondence only). NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy VISITS AND EXPEDITIONS B.96-B.106 Far East 1953-54 The main purpose of the visit was to Hong Kong for the launch of the research vessel Alister Hardy built for the University's fishery research department. Hardy also attended the Pan- Pacific-Congress in Manila as a Royal Society delegate, and visited Singapore, the Philippines and Ceylon. Travel arrangements and schedules, Hardy's sketch maps of places visited. Hardy's preliminary circular letter outlining tour, Department and to family, letter from Hong Kong colleague. letters to Lecture notes. USA 1956 Far East 1957 For photographs of F.24,. For a film of the launch, see F.55. the journey and the Alister Hardy see F.2l- Schedule and personal material only. at Scripps Institution during visit. and other visits en route. Papers, correspondence, travel schedules etc. re Ninth Pacific Science Congress Bangkok (Hardy attended as Royal Society delegate), British Council lecture tour in Japan via Pakistan See 8.76 for lecture given NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy World Tour 1961 This included attendance at Tenth Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu as Royal Society Delegate, visits to Fiji, Australia, New Zealand, Canada lecturing and visiting institutions and colleaques. Travel schedules, Hardy's speech of thanks at Congress, visit to Cli. Visits in Australia. Visits in New Zealand and Canada. Te Vega Expedit ion 1965 For photographs of the expedition see F.28, F.29. Hardy joined Cruise 8 lecturing on plankton biology, Correspondence and papers, invitation, appointment, organisation and arrangements, reports on expedition, exchanges with crew members etc. The Te Vega was a research schooner used for graduate student cruises under the Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University California. in September 1965 as Visiting Professor, zoology of plankton animals, aquatic man etc. Comité d'Honneur. Correspondence and papers. Hardy accepted nomination to the West Indies 1968 Brief correspondence on visit and lectures. Pelagic Biogeography Conference Amsterdam 1985 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy CORRESPONDENCE B.107-B.155 The surviving correspondence is unlikely to be more than a small proportion of that received by Hardy. There is, for example, almost no official correspondence relating to his University Departments, to professional organisations, learned societies, committees or advisory boards on which he served. Although there are a few more substantial exchanges, many of the letters are incoming only; even when the content is primarily scientific, the tone almost always reflects the warmth and enthusiasm engenderd by Hardy's own personality. Personal news, or photographs, may also feature and Hardy's late letters - such as remain - often include news of his publishing commitments and of his research on religious questions. Bahl, K.N. and Bahl, K. 1942-44 An Indian zoologist who had studied at Oxford 1919-21; acted as guardian to his son during his war service. Hardy Baker, 3.R. Barrington, M.R. Factory farming Early Oxford research and career etc. L920-24,.:1928, 1998, 1962;°)970, 198k See F.53. Taped discussion with D. Morris. Bencke, H. Bisset, K.A. Ciliate protozoa Burkhardt, R.W. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 44 B.114 Chen, C. and others 1948-54, 1982-85 A Chinese colleague working on plankton, whose relations with Hardy were broken by political factors and resumed mly towards the; end of their lives. Deacons: G.ESR. 1967,,. 2985 Correspondence 1967 is re H. Herdman, hydrologist on Discovery. Denis, A.G. 1922-1950s Hardy met Armand Denis, a Belgian zoologist with private means, at Naples and they maintained close relations for some years, Denis sharing Hardy's interests in spiritual and ethical as well as scientific matters. Early letters include comments on Hardy's 'Osmic Later Denis became well-known for film and television work on animal life. (£.30). Jones' Letters [ne miscellaneous cards and letters, the 1950s. cantinus .-relet ively” regu bar ly not all dated, to: #1933; continue into Photographs of Denis are included at F.4. 1935-56 His father, his part, Ellerman, EL venman ya. Sir John Ellerman was a wealthy but reclusive magnate with a serious interest in zoology. from whom he inherited a fortune in 1933, was born in Hull and founded the Ellerman Lines. Hardy encouraged Ellerman's research on small mammals, on which he eventually published standard especially rodents works. for supported Hardy's oceanographical research at Hull, providing additional funds in 1936 when the move to Aberdeen was first bruited and the help of the shipping line for fishery investigations, and later made a donation to the Oxford department. Sir James Gray's paper on science in education. The letters (mostly from Ellerman but with a few of Hardy's drafts) are mainly on the progress of Ellerman's research and show the mutual help he and Hardy gave each other and the friendly basis of their relations. Hardy's letters of 5 June 1937, 30 October 1945, September-October 1948 are of special interest in setting out various research proposals. Galbraith, V.H. Bord 54 E4.B. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy B.120 Gardiner, W.A.C. 45 1922-43 Gardiner was a hydrobiologist, educated at Oundle, who had worked at Lowestoft and elsewhere though his scientific career was interrupted by illness. Includes letters from Gardiner's family after his death, and reflections on science teaching at Oundle. Garrett Rac. 1918-27 Garstang, W. £922, 1943,11949 1954, 1960-83 Only one letter (1943) from Garstang (Hardy's father-in-law); later correspondence is recollections or historical enquiries. Item of 1929 is humorous verse on Hardy's museum at Hull. See [.o2. Glover, R.S. Gunther, E.R. 1975, 1983-85 1927-28, 1949 Hardy). Tre Huxley, J.S. 1980-83 Jones, F.W. Selection. Includes letters from Gunther's family after his death. Huxley had been Hardy's tutor at Oxford, and also tutor to Sylvia Garstang (later Lady The material mainly concerns memorials to Huxley and includes Hardy's own 7pp. account 'Some memories of Julian Huxley by Alister Hardy’. letters from family after Kemp's death. Kemp was the leader of the Discovery expedition; includes ; 1943, 1944 Kemp, S.W. 1937-42, 1945 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy B.128 Klingender, F.D. 46 1942 ‘Dialectical lecture at Aberdeen. materialism', arising from Hardy's Inaugural Land, M. Gigantocypris Edecas, .G.E. Mackie, G. Publication Marshall, S. Matthews, J. History of whaling. Medawar, P.B. Nicholson, E.M. Turning in flocks of birds. Oxford Zoology Department, religion, appointments. F.4, F.7+F.10. Paton was a young marine biologist who had worked with Hardy on vertical migration of plankton shortly before the start of the Second World War in which he served with the Fleet Air Arm before being reported missing in June 1942. Includes wartime letters from Paton, and letters from family and colleagues after his death and Hardy's obituary notice of him. See also B.27, B.28, 1962, 1969 1941-47 Parks, P. Paton, W.N. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy B.138 Peitzmeier, J. Evolution in birds. Polanyi, M. Genes and homology Ride, W.D.L. 1963, 1977, 1982 Correspondence 1977 is of Thylacinus and Hardy's wish to have it completed. the early work on B. Tucker on RLGCGeErDUSh, “feo. Herring and environment. Seward, M. smith,» A.J.F: 1976-79 Smullen, I. Animal coloration. Sutherland, J.M. Turtle expedition. Expeditions etc., mainly on blind fish. Mainly personal news. Hardy's assistant at Hull. Fishing methods in Borneo. Tabretty K.P. Tazelaar, M.A. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy B.148 Thorsen, G. Tinbergen, N. and others 1958). 1962 ,728 70>, a.d; Totton; Ask. Hippopodius Tucker, D. scientific and personal correspondence. Vickers, 0.6: LIZ 3=27 p< L9G9s 195) Vickers was a slightly older contemporary of Hardy at Oundle, and shared his interests in sketching, ballooning and ingenious inventions, and also in spiritual matters. The exchange of letters in 1927 is of special interest for Hardy's exposition of his views and aims for the future 'to establish the reality of the mystical by the scientific method' and Vickers's reply, Vickers was best man at Hardy's wedding later that year. 1956-59 Sealers. Yonge, C.M. Victor, A.Q. and others Shorter unindexed correspondence 1940-83 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy REFERENCES AND RECOMMENDATIONS B.156-B.167 B.156-B. 166 Correspondence relating to theses, research grants and proposals, university and other appointments. B.156 B.157 B.158 B.159 B.160 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 B.161 B.162 B.163 B.164 B.165 1966 1967 1968-69 1970 1971-73 B.166 1975-78 Individual/personal requests for advice on career or for a reference from Hardy, letters of thanks. 1955, 1961-63, 1968. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy SECTION C RELIGION AND THE PARANORMAL Introduction Investigations and Ideas C.12-C.65 Lectures, Publications, Broadcasts C.66-C.90 Religious Experience Research Unit (RERU) C.91-C.110 Correspondence Printed Material NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy INTRODUC TION This topic, however difficult to encapsulate in a short form of words, was of immense importance to Hardy. was of over-riding importance, and that his scientific career was in It could indeed be argued that it a sense no more than the establishment of a reputation and solid background from which he could man. launch a long-prepared project of research into the spiritual nature of had begun collecting evidence of news items on religious or spiritual He through a press-cutting agency from matters his carefully fostered friendships with old comrades fromthe war and later laboratory staff, boxers and miners as essential expeditions, shipmates, some extent regarded 1925 and to features in his understanding of humankind and thus as contributing to his task. Hardy made many references to the shape and priorities of his life as he saw them, his autobiography; and would certainly have elaborated on this theme had he completed a particularly succinct account is given in one of his last public speeches in October 1984 at the opening of the Alister Hardy Religious '‘blind' the mixture of in his own nature. Centre (successor to The Discovery expedition research over vast wastes, his Religious Experience Research Unit). broadcasts and correspondence; giving the experience to clarify his spiritual ideas. investigations extending over a long period of time, its extremes of microscopic and gigantic life-forms, a very similar pattern to that of the scientific work in Section B. is therefore no accident that the material in this Section follows its physical contact with elemental forces was well suited to Research Nevertheless, his chosen branch of science - marine biology - with its mysticism and boisterous energy was a crucial factor here both in determining his future research career and in A collection of shorter publications on religion is presented at C.Jll. The tally of lectures and writings is considerable and greatly extends the publication of the Gifford Lectures (The living stream, The divine flame) which number listed in the Bibliography of the Royal Society Memoir.* parallels the two major works on marine biology (The open sea, a further resemblance is the two-volume major lectures, publications, Great waters). There are In addition, It * NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 52 there is the crucial component of the Religious Experience Research Unit (RERU) which Hardy established at Manchester College Oxford, financed originally by the royalties from his Gifford Lectures and other religious publications, and enabled to carry on after his death, bearing his name, through his making over of the substantial benefaction of the Templeton Prize for 1985. of Hardy's religion was not a doctrinal or dogmatic nature. He described himself as a Unitarian and for that reason had had long contact with Manchester College, though his Linacre Chair was at Merton where he was a much-loved member of the Common Room. In writing or speaking on the subject he often used terms such as 'natural theology', transcendental'; some of his own early investigations were of telepathy, he was President of the Society for Psychical Research, and he retained an interest in the subject (publishing a collaborative book with R. Harvie and A. Koestler in 1973) alongside the attempts to assemble and Classify religious experience on scientific principles at 'spiritual awareness', the RERU. 'the St. C.G. Many of Giles Oxford (A.52), Vickers (B.152), H.G. Wells (D.3) should also be consulted. the stories or planned writings at £.28-£.34 dating from the early 1920s show Hardy attempting to work out some of his ideas in poetic, P. Toynbee (C.53), Similar, albeit more summary, discussions or professions of faith are frequent in his later general correspondence. The opportunity has been taken to group together at C.l a selection of material of different dates documenting Hardy's interest in the spiritual or non-material aspects of life and his dissatisfaction with most established forms of religion. In addition, certain of his letters elsewhere in the collection such as those to Sylvia Garstang (A.17), J.S. Huxley (A.19), the Vicar of A. Koestler and narrative or fictional form. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy INVESTIGATIONS AND IDEAS C.1-C.11 Miscellaneous material 1923-84 testifying to Hardy's interests, attitude to religion, established churches, aims in life etc. social class, Includes: Arrangements with press-cutting agency 1925, 1935. Letter 1923 (addressee unidentified). Letters 1925 to NCB comrades and to friendship. R. Cowan on social class and Correspondence 1937 Christianity, theology and faith. with Bishop of Hull (H.T. Vodden) on Letter August 1978 to Hardy's ideal to establish friendships across social barriers. Buck, autobiographical account of Mrs. K. Draft speech October 1984 at press lunch for Alister Hardy Research Centre. Correspondence 1917 with Reverend J.R. Trotter, on religious problems. Notes and accounts of séances 1916-17, in London and Skegness (Lincs.), mainly with Mrs. Margaret Wedgwood and Dr. W.F. Miller (see C.3) but also with others. Correspondence with W.F. Miller, 29 March 1917 - 14 January 1920, on 'spiritual rationalism', 'psychic force' etc., mainly from Miller (a doctor at Wainfleet, Lincs.) but a few by Hardy. Psychical Research on ‘Biology and Psychical Research’. 'Telepathy'. Folder of drawings of thought-transference experiment; used and discussed by Hardy in his 1953 lecture to the Society for Specimens of automatic script November and December 1918. based on early experiments of 1883 and 1885, NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 54 C.% Photocopies of data of 'precognitive guesses' sent to Hardy 1965. Correspondence on telepathy. 1950 L959 997 1962 1967 1970 1973 Garpenter, G.D.u. Murray, G.G.A. Lack.) Dislis Agnew, A.L. Williams, C.B. Rushton, W.A.H. Rosalind O79 Gilbert, M.J. 1983 1984 McConnell, R.A. Playfair, G.L. his altered views on telepathy). (Hardy's letter of 6 April explains Miscellaneous notes, references, quotations, ideas on religion. Gora. aGed: Two notebooks, marked 'A' and 'B' kept as commonplace books for ideas and quotations on religious and philosophical topics, e.l9Z5. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy LECTURES, PUBLICATIONS, BROADCASTS C.12-C.65 lecture given at Exhall 'Science in relation to religion', Training College, Coventry, 15 January 1947. Manuscript draft, correspondence, arrangements for a second visit by Hardy to answer questions arising from his lecture. ‘The faith of December 1948. draft and on published version (Lindsey Press). a scientist', address at Priestley Hall Leeds, Copy of address, comments from colleagues on ‘Zoology outside the laboratory', section D of British Association, 1949. comment, biographical notes prepared by Hardy. Presidential Address to Copy of lecture, press Correspondence 1949 re talk on telepathy given by Hardy to Royal Society Club. ‘Religion in 1964. The Gifford Lectures a scientific age', draft for lecture at The Hague, a ‘Science and Christianity - VIII', Hardy's contribution to series broadcast in 1955. Transcript of broadcast, photocopy of version published in The Friend. BBC European Service August Correspondence and programme for Society of Experimental Biology meeting January 1950 at which Hardy chaired a symposium on paranormal phenomena. the first, The lectures 'on natural theology without reference to creeds’, were given by Hardy in They constitute a major statement, occupying two sessions, each of ten lectures, in the academic years 1963-64 and 1964-65. The published versions, in two volumes, indicate by their sub-titles the somewhat different emphases of the University of Aberdeen. the series; NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 56 _: : a restatement of evolution theory and its The living stream The divine relation to the spirit of man (1965) an essay towards a natural history of religion (1966). flame The books reached a wide public, The stream being awarded the Lecomte de Noy Prize (see C€.23) and Hardy made over the royalties from other books on religion to establish his Religious Experience Research Unit. and the second, living these and his Invitation Correspondence, information on Gifford bequest etc., 1962. The living stream Miscellaneous notes and drafts by Hardy. Correspondence with colleagues for information or comments during preparation of lectures 1963-65. Reviews of The living stream. Award of Lecomte du Nouy Prize 1968, and correspondence 1968-71. of complimentary correspondence from scientific colleagues, friends and some with detailed Hardy's errata lists for published volume and Copies; members of public arising from publication, replies from Hardy. some with drafts of Hardy's replies. Hardy's original black and white line drawings. Hardy's list correspondence from colleagues preceding or following publication, and from readers, of complimentary copies, The divine flame NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Dy/ C.26 Hardy's lists of acknowledgments and permissions to quote, correspondence with publishing house; syllabus and abstracts of lectures. Reviews of The divine flame. ‘Behaviour as a new look at evolution theory', lecture to Section D, British Association, September 1967. Manuscript drafts, summary report. a selective agent - 'Theology in the university: an outsider's view', lecture at Conference for teachers of theology in Leeds, December 1967. UK Universities, Manuscript draft. Manuscript draft. the Marett Memorial Manuscript draft. 22 May 1968, and Notes, ‘abridged version’. lecture on work of newly- 'Marett, Lecture, Oxford, 9 May 1968. anthropology and religion', lecture at Manchester College to Guild of Pastoral Psychology ‘Science and established RERU, n.d. [1968-69]. an experimental faith', "Science and the transcendental', Oxford, Conference, Oxford, September 1968. version published in The Listener, correspondence. 'A scientist looks at religion', Friday Evening Discourse at Royal Institution, 7 November 1969. Manuscript draft, Correspondence. Similar material to C.32. 'Is there a future for religious belief?', talk on BBC Third Programme, 17 March 1970. Hardy's draft, transcript, shorter NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 58 C.D Correspondence (only) re Hardy's 'Lunch-hour Dialogue' at St. Mary-le-Bow London, 29 September, and Advent Lectures on 'The Spiritual Development of 14 December 1970. Man' at Sion College London, 7 and ‘Does God make a difference?', talk on BBC Overseas Service November 1971. Hardy's manuscript draft, transcript. Correspondence (only) re BBC experience 1972-73. TV 'Horizon' programme on religious ‘An experimental faith', published in The Times 18 August 1973. draft survives) had appeared on draft for second of two short articles, The first article (no 11 August. Sermon preached at Christ Church Cathedral Oxford 18 November 1973 Manuscript notes, incomplete. at Oundle School 1975. May and 8 with R. ‘Evolution and 22 November 1973. the human spirit', lecture at Sussex University, Manuscript draft. Harvie and A. Koestler, The challenge of chance. telepathy and published by Experiments and speculations, 1973 Brief correspondence, reviews and replies to reviews. ‘Behaviour and evolution', the Boyle Lecture, Oxford, 1 February 1974. A collaborative publication on coincidence, randomness, Hutchinson and in USA by Random House, Inc. experience of mankind', n.d., perhaps 1975. "Behaviour as contribution to new preface for J. Huxley's Evolution’: the modern synthesis, 3rd edition 1975. Manuscript drafts and notes. the Farmington Trust Volume’, and ‘Spiritual awareness in the Drafts for entitled 'The world we live in', two chapters 'for a selective agent in evolution', NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy The biology of God (Cape 1975) Notes, quotations etc. used for book. and man : later writings and interviews). Draft for Chapter 9 'Dog man and God' (an idea frequently used by Hardy in Hardy's colleagues and readers. list of presentation copies, correspondence from Reviews, a few with correspondence. 'The universality of religious experience', address to World Congress of Faiths, 17 September 1977. Manuscript draft. The spiritual nature of man (Oxford 1979) Miscellaneous notes and drafts. BBC TV 'Everyman' programme 'It could happen to you', October 1979. Manuscript notes, brief correspondence. Comments on draft by colleagues and editor; readers. publicity, paperback edition etc. Correspondence re possible publication of book and other projected writings by Hardy, mainly with Cape but also with Gollancz. of special interest in outlining his substantial writing programme including his autobiography (a duplicate is included for ease of reference at A.55). Correspondence with OUP 1978-83, contract, editing, publishing, Hardy's letter of 1 December 1977 is correspondence from NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 60 C.55 Hardy's list of complimentary copies, correspondence with writers, journalists, editors etc. re publicity. Hardy was particularly desirous of ensuring a wide and sympathetic reception for the book which described the results of the work of the RERU and was also intended to assist its future via the royalty receipts (the BBC TV 'Everyman' programme (C.48) was also intended to foster interest). Hardy's letters to Arthur Koestler and Philip Toynbee set out at some length his views on science and religion. Reviews of Spiritual nature of man. ‘Science and spirituality', Spiritual and Psychological Studies, Westminster Abbey 20 September 1980. Draft. lecture given to Centre for the Jerusalem Chamber in 'The church and science', Lenten lunch-time talk, the-Fields London, 1981. Oraft. St. Martin-in- ‘Darwinian evolution need not be materialist given December 1981. Manuscript notes and draft. Higher Education Foundation Conference, at .... ', paper Exeter, Correspondence (only) re possible BBC Radio 4 programme on coincidence 1982. Border Television volume based on series of programmes on 'Revelations', for which Hardy wrote a Foreword. Correspondence 1984-85, draft of Hardy's contribution. Typescript and manuscript drafts and amended proofs. This was the last book which Hardy saw through the press, and the only one for which a complete draft survives. Darwin and the spirit of man (Collins 1984) NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 61 C.60 Correspondence with publishers, comments, revisions, publicity etc., 1981-84. contract, readers' and editor's Correspondence 1982-84 re biographical interview arranged as part of launch of book, published in The Standard 13 February 1984. Includes drafts of article and Hardy's emendations and comments. Correspondence with colleagues, replies to reviewers. Reviews of book, press-cuttings on Darwin and Darwinism. ‘Science and Religion', article written on request for Le Figaro Magazine, but apparently not published. October 1984. Miscellaneous invitations to attend or address meetings and conferences on religious topics. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE RESEARCH UNIT (RERU) C.66-C.90 (from 1984: THE ALISTER HARDY RESEARCH CENTRE) The material is presented as follows: C.66-C.78 Organisation and research 1966-85. A chronological sequence of correspondence, reports and papers relating to all aspects of RERU (establishment, administration, funding, relations with Manchester College, appointments, research programmes). C.79-C.86 Funding. C.87-C.90 Staff and appointments. Organisation and research the Unit, circular letters and reports, 1969. correspondence. Launch of 1966-68. Establishment of Unit, assignment of royalties from The divine flame, agreement with Manchester College, legal arrangements. committees etc. 1970-75. correspondence, extracts from college committee minutes (compiled by Hardy). Includes speech by Hardy to celebrate 25th anniversary of founding of Faith and Freedom and its editor E.S. Price, 1972. 1976-78. Meetings of RERU Research Council (lst Meeting July 1976), reports, correspondence, charitable status, college Reports, NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 63 C.70 1979. This was a difficult year for the RERU financially and also because of uncertainty about the programme of future research proposed by the Director, E.A. Robinson. In view of the weak financial situation, Hardy dissolved the Research Council after its meeting in April in order to relieve the Trustees of any responsibility, which he took upon himself for a limited period. A. Robinson, by Drafts for research projects put forward for RERU E. including ‘Tradition and Experience' 1979, religious studies in education, and others, various dates 1979- 81, the papers and correspondence. some annotated unfavourably by Hardy, and discussed in 1980. proposals, separate charitable status etc. Meetings of reconstituted Research Council, research Correspondence August-—December 1980 with Director and Council members on research proposals. 1981-82. with college, possible re-siting etc. Papers and correspondence on future of RERU, relations Council meetings, new trust deed, proposals for new 1983. Alister Hardy Research Centre and comments. Draft documents, proposals and appeal material for the Alister Hardy Research Centre, some annotated, discussed in committee meetings and correspondence and including final versions. the Council meeting on 7 May and died on 22 May). 1984. Meetings, reports on research project, correspondence, arrangements for Press Lunch for Alister Hardy Research Centre 9 October. Meetings and correspondence January-June (Hardy attended 1985. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Funding An alphabetical sequence of correspondence and papers relating to individuals and charitable institutions including the Templeton Trust and Templeton Prize of £170,000 awarded to Hardy in 1985. The Dulverton Trust 1980, 1984. re Mrs. Ernest, Correspondence 1968-70, 1985 (with daughter). a benefactor who left a bequest to RERU in 1969. The Farmington Trust 1972, 1980-85. The Moorgate Trust Fund, earlier patron at Hull and Oxford) in 1970. 1980-81 with Lady Ellerman and Trustee. founded by Sir John Ellerman (Hardy's Correspondence The Templeton Foundation General correspondence with J.M. 1984. Templeton and others 1973-80, Award of Templeton Prize to Hardy in 1985. The award was announced to Hardy on 10 February (his birthday) and the public ceremony took place at Guildhall London on 14 May. On the previous day Hardy suffered a stroke and was unable to attend or to give his address, which was read for him. 22 May. difficulties and successes in fund-raising. Miscellaneous financial statements and estimates for RERU 1971- 82. Also included is a letter from Hardy June 1983 about his Folder includes correspondence, arrangements and invitations for ceremony, copy his manuscript commentary on the Lord's Prayer, brochure of ceremony. of Hardy's speech and Letters of congratulation (not indexed). He died on NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Staff and collaborators Hay, J.D.L. 1977-84. Knox, Cs 198). 1984. Robinson, E.A. 1969-70, 1975, 1979. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy CORRESPONDENCE C.91-C.110 Armstrong, H.J.B. Berry, Rod. Bult. 1965-68 Correspondence on various theories and writings; includes extensive comments by Burt on Hardy's draft Gifford lectures, and copy of letter on logos by M. Laski (Memoir, p. 265). Cook, G. and Cook, VY. Ernest, J. O79, 1361 1963 Honig-Prager, D. 1979-85 Hyde, L. 1929, L927, 1951-52 Dieuwke Honig-Prager was industrialist, whose writings she assembled. research studentship at RERU in his memory. the widow of C.J. Honig, a Dutch She endowed a Includes Hardy's draft for foreword for book on life of the mystic and healer Dorothy Kerin, by Ernest. 1969, 1976 Includes material re Brian Inglis, Instone Bloomfield), memorial meeting for Arthur and Cynthia Koestler, Koestler Chair of Parapsychology. K.I.B. Foundation (Koestler, Micklem, N. Oxford contemporary of Hardy. Koestler, A. 1979-85 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy C.100 Montgomery, H. Scoresby, Coleridge and the unconscious. Oakeshott, W. Manchester College and Oxford University. Popper, K. 1966-67, 1974-76 Correspondence 1966-67 includes Hardy's comments on Popper's Herbert Spencer lecture on evolution. Raven, C.E. Letter Correspondence 1975 is te biography of Raven. is from*Raven; 1962 on ‘Teilhard’ Lobes aT de Chardin, Robertson, E.H. 1981-82 Simpson, H. Tickell, R. 1963-64, 1972 Russell, W.M.S. Mainly on article written by Robertson on Hardy and RERU for ‘God and the scientists', and includes draft and comments. Not indexed. Miscellaneous shorter correspondence on religious matters, experiences, publications etc., most with replies from Hardy on his views and plans. Weatherhead, L.D. Wilson, M. 1983-84 1963-66, 1983 1952, 1966 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy PRINTED MATERIAL Cail Articles, letters to press etc. on religion by Hardy. RERU Reports. Press-cuttings on Hardy and religion, RERU, Templeton Prize etc. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy SECTION D PATENTS, INVENTIONS, IDEAS D.1-D.11 Historiograph 1919-45 was a device ‘for displaying, recording and teaching This Hardy first patented it when he was history or other subjects'. at Oxford in 1919 but was unable to interest any commercial In 1937 and 1938 he revised and re-filed educational publisher. his interest University College Hull, then to raise private finance. Ina letter to HG. he explains that his main purpose in launching the device was to further the scientific study of human ecology. 3 January 1941 included at 1940-41 pushed Wells of patent first hard D.3 and in to 1919-23. improved system for recording and teaching history'. First patent, drawings, correspondence etc. for 'An 1937-38. Revised patent, drawings, under title 'Histograph'. 1945. Senate Correspondence, extracts from Hull An idea', 7 pp. manuscript draft, n.d. 1940-41, minutes on 'Historiograph'. 'A floating university. perhaps during Naples period c.1921. 3 and 4 only of patent for a device for microscopic work. Two patents filed 1937: patent and drawings for 'Microdrome' or ‘Improvements in buildings for instruction or entertainment'; pp. 'The motor catering company', 1 p. outline for a type of 'Meals on Wheels' service aimed at an affluent public, n.d. early 1920s. Drawings of various devices for sea-bed harvesting by 'submarine tractor trawl' harrow and mopeds, n.d. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 70 D.8 ‘The need for Noah's Arks', Hardy's suggestion for preserving aspects of civilisation after a nuclear war, published as Includes draft, correspondence article in from readers 1960 and later (to 1967), copy of abridged version used as examination paper 1960. The Times May 1960. Brief correspondence on new design for bicycle which Hardy had invented and was thinking of patenting, 1979. Melbourne Landmark Ideas Competition 1979. entry and drawings, official report on entries received. entry, and hoped it might be incorporated in the eventual choice. Includes Hardy's In his Hardy referred to his earlier 'Noah's Ark' proposal (D.8) "Designs for a "House of Prayer"', n.d. see B.9, B.56 for other patents filed by Hardy. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy SECTION E OTHER INTERESTS Introduction Flight and Balloons With an introductory note E.12-E 223 Northern Cyclist Battalion (NCB) With an introductory note E.24-E.27 Drawing and Painting With an introductory note E£.35-E.42 Boxing With an introductory note It INTRODUC TION E.28-E. 34 Fiction and Poetry With an introductory note material. The topics in this section represent active interests of Hardy which played a part in his scientific and spiritual formation rather than what would normally be termed ‘outside interests'. is clear from the outlines for his autobiography (A.55), the introductory notes to each topic, that he intended them to feature in his own account of his life. They are presented in chronological order of the earliest surviving datable which have been drawn upon for NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy FLIGHT AND BALLOONS E.1-E.11 Hardy's fascination with what he called ‘airships and aeroplanes' dates from his preparatory schooldays in 1908. Chapters 5 and 13 of the draft autobiography (A.55) deal briefly with his first flight in 1914, a lottery, and later observation flying as part of There is also the account of a balloon flight from London to Oxford in 1924 which was published posthumously in as Weekend with Willows; here Hardy refers to his schoolboy enthusiasm and adds (p.15) ‘I still have four large scrap albums of cuttings and photographs covering all the important flights of the years 1908-10'. Additional material of general historical interest can also be found at These are preserved at his fishery work. £.1-£.4. won in 1986 £.5, E.9. Four large-format scrapbooks of photographs and press—cuttings. E.l completed 5.1X.09'. ‘Airships and Flying-machines Vol.I', 'commenced 28.XII.08 E.2 completed 13.1.10'. 'Airships and Flying-machines Vol.II', ‘commenced 6.1X.09, Includes not completed. E.3 completed 4.VIII.10'. ‘Airships and Flying-machines Vol.III', 'commenced 14.1.10, Untitled, similar material, mainly 1910-11. E.4 photograph of the 'Willows airship' signed by E.T. Willows. Similar material, some contemporary with scrapbooks c.1909-11 but some later material, including Hardy's coronation balloon flight at Merton (see also F.45), Sadler commemorative flight (see also F.46), Lunardi bicentenary etc. Probably intended for incorporation in scrapbooks but flapping wings', 2 August 1910. Three early notebooks kept by Hardy at Bramcote, Scarborough. Artificial and natural flight by means of ‘Aeronautics. E.7 flapping wings', 19 June 1910. Artificial and natural flight by means of 'Aeronautics', begun 21 June 1909. his preparatory school, E.6 E.8 ‘Aeronautics. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 73 Eso Album of photographs and press-cuttings of various aviation meetings 1908-14, some captioned by Hardy. Includes original material relating to Hardy's flight from Bradford to Leeds with Sydney Pickles in July 1914 (certificate, photographs, Hardy's sketch of the route, poster 'Harrogate man wins free flight' etc.). at Harrogate, Doncaster, Bradford etc., Hardy's copy of programme of 1909 Doncaster aviation meeting. Miscellaneous material relating to balloon flight from London with E.T. Willows in 1924, later published as Weekend with Willows. Plan of account, manuscript draft of first episodes, diary of events. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy NORTHERN CYCLIST BATTALION (NCB) E.12-E.23 made his secret vow Hardy served with the NCB from January 1915 to October 1917, and was in command of C company from February 1917. The battalion was composed almost wholly of miners and pitmen from the Durham coalfield. Hardy's experience with the NCB was catalytic. Although he had already, during his first term at Oxford in 1914, to reconcile Darwinian evolutionary principles with his deep sense of the spiritual nature of man, it was his encounter and prolonged contact with these men of such differing origin and outlook from any previously imagined which crystallised Hardy's view of the unity of mankind and added a desire to break down artificial barriers of class and education. The impression made on him can be gauged by the title he gives Chapter 6 of his draft autobiography - 'Beloved Company' - though the surviving account as written up is little more than an outline of his career with NCB and the frequent promise of more to come. The various plans for the projected book show at least one and sometimes two further chapters allocated to his later contacts with his old comrades; there is also a heading for a chapter on 'The conquest of class' (A.55). a sense of social anger and €.22, £.24); he was originals at as many as possible of the battalion; The manuscript and other material below, however, give ample indications of Hardy's devotion to the NCB and its men; he contributed drawings and cartoons to the magazine The Northern Mudguard (£.21, in correspondence with some former company members from early 1918 and by autumn 1919 had started to write to and assemble records of he published the results at his own expense as A Memoir in 1920 (£.23); and he maintained regular postal contact with a substantial number of old comrades and their families. As with his contacts with shipmates and laboratory staff documented in Section A, the NCB letters extend to children and grandchildren, may include photographs, drawings or similar mementoes, and regularly record visits by or to Hardy and Lady Hardy, advice on careers and welfare and quiet benefactions. the exchanges are very brief, perhaps through an early death or (very rarely) lack of response, but the majority extend over long stretches of time and are broken only by death. They provide an interesting picture of social changes; they are preserved in alphabetical order at £.12-€.18. Christmas card which he designed specially every year as long as in origin Hardy's idea, The annual reunions, of which the first took place in 1919, were not but their regular continuation owed almost everything to his determined enthusiasm. The chief local organiser was the Ashington and Ellington Social Club where the reunions were often held, and there were various 'whippers-in' for other districts. Hardy made a point of attending and of looking up old friends and their families whenever possible and into advanced age. Another feature of the NCB connection was the years secretary of Bob Cowan, for many Some of NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 75 he was able to do so and which was much looked forward to and cherished by the recipients (E.26). Almost all the letters are incoming, and bear a tick or symbol (@) indicating that Hardy had answered them; only a few of his draft replies remain, usually with material of some personal or biographical interest. Examples of these may be found in correspondence with D.D. Anderson 9 November 1927, P.M. Black 5 January 1932, J. Irwin 20 February 1949, B. Patterson 4 October L9ol 5 JA... SQDEt” 1920, £.12-E.18 Letters from old NCB comrades. A. Hardy's lists of correspondents (D-W only) are also included here. Miscellaneous material re NCB Hardy's circular attending reunions etc. letters, and reunions 1925-75. lists lists, address Includes those of Eel, Vol. I, nos. 1-24 E22, 1916, October January Vol. Vole | nos... LZ Tis TIT, 4 noe 1. 1916 - December 1918 September 1915 - September 1916. The Northern Mudguard (NCB magazine) Press-cuttings of reunions 1919, 1920, 1961-69. C Company, with preface by Hardy explaining genesis A_Memoir of of the work and his part in it. reunion is at F.56. Photographs of NCB members, on wartime service and in later years, and of reunions are at F.37-F.43. an NCB Also included here is Programme of Military and Athletic Sports meeting 1916. n.d. [1920] A film of NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy DRAWING AND PAINTING £.24-E.27 was a skilful amateur artist. He provided his Hardy own sketches, diagrams and water-colour illustrations to all his The open sea major scientific works. and Great waters are in the Zoology Department Oxford; drawings of temples are at 8.31, See B.72, F.50 for other water-colour sketches by Hardy, and B.91, C.24, Section D passim for drawings and diagrams. the Alister Hardy Research Centre. The original drawings for Sketches and cartoons 1915-18, some of plans for coastal defence by NCB but mainly caricatures and humorous drawings of individuals or incidents. The Northern Mudguard. Many appeared in Miscellaneous drawings and sketches, including mining scenes (c.1925), aeroplanes, bird flight, woad industry etc. Album of Christmas cards designed and sent by Hardy to others Album of NCB Christmas cards designed and sent by Hardy, 1915, 1937-78. 1938-84. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy FICTION AND POETRY £.28-E.34 the early 1920s for many A chapter heading for the draft autobiography (A.55) is 'The fun of writing stories’. It remains tantalizingly unwritten, but its place between 'Lowestoft' and 'Out with the herring fleet' suggests a period in of Hardy's literary efforts. This would be broadly correct, but much of his writing was of a semi-abstract nature on his familiar humanitarian anti-materialist themes which may be of a slightly earlier date. The reflections on Newcastle and the verses on Durham cathedral for example (£.28) date from 1917 according to Hardy's letter of G55.) and the drafts and plans for his book on'A layman's search for God' (E.29) may belong to his time at Naples. 30 October 1979 to Philip Toynbee (see to Durham' (both 1917), 'At the top of Speculations, reflections, poems, plans for books or writings on evolution, natural theology, social justice etc. Include reflections on Newcastle, a 'rough rhyme' on 'Impressions of a visit 'The Boiling Point' (perhaps during wartime), the ladder - what?' (outline for seventeen chapters of book on 'a theory of scientific theology', 'The guiding force of future evolution' (outline for seven chapters of book), speech attacking established Church (post war), miscellaneous verses, outline for book on 'The Weaving : a natural history of life as a whole’ (1925). n.d. God'. Plans and drafts for book so A. Denis on 'A layman's search for titled. but kept with draft of letter to subject, and travel notes of journeys in Italy 1921. 'Osmic Jones. Being a popular account of the extraordinary adventures of Professor Oswald Jones FRS in the microscopic world and the events leading to the foundation of the Tanklin Society’. page, introduction and variously paginated drafts. This was Hardy's most ambitious venture, a science fiction fantasy using his ideas on evolution and other autobiographical elements. the early correspondence with Denis (B.116). is given a notional publication date 'London 1923' but Hardy does not seem to have submitted it a title The material consists of to a publisher. 'title page' It is often referred to in The NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 78 E.31 Short stories, written at Lowestoft, submitted to literary agent and returned to Hardy at Dartmouth 1925 immediately before sailing of Discovery. Includes reader's report on five stories: 'The alchemist', 'Scrooby's hole', 'George and the dragon’, 'The Yittle stlver ‘The safts'’’: the stories are signed Whincroft mystery' is also included. All "Mac Alister' (Hardy's wartime nickname). flute';. story ‘Bath A, Sixth: Manuscript draft for the first of ‘Out with the herring fleet'. a series of narratives planned under the title 'Little Adventures! (list enclosed) which would also have included 'Down the mine', 'Into the microscopic world', 'Weekend ballooning’, "Flying for fish' and accounts of travels in Italy and Iceland. n.d. [1924-25]. Plans and drafts for stories similar to those at E.31 but also including 'The Expedition' perhaps written during or after Discovery expedition. Includes some humorous Plans and drafts for later writings. ‘Developing ideas. Essays towards new anecdotes, various dates; and religion' (anthology of ways of thinking about science, psi Hardy's addresses 1942-60), 1960s, ‘The conquest of class' n.d. (also proposed as a chapter title 'Ideas and Speculations' n.d. in draft autobiography). NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy BOXING E.35-E.42 the title of the Discovery', an unwritten chapter in Once more the draft autobiography (A.55) provides a partial clue to this interest of It reads 'What is it about boxing?' and is immediately Hardy. followed by ‘Appointed to again suggesting that his involvement with the sport was developed during his years at Lowestoft. The correspondence with the Dann brothers (£.40) supports this by their recollections of sparring sessions in various Lowestoft public-houses where they were landlords, though no date is given. Hardy's preparation for the Discovery voyage seems to have included physical training, which brought him into contact with H.W. Birmingham and H. Young, both army BOXersS (Eooe bea). an amateur boxer then serving in the army. On his move to Hull, Hardy wished to continue boxing. He advertised in the Hull newspaper and received a reply from C.J. Buck, This began a long involvement with the Buck family through many vicissitudes, Hardy greatly valuing the contact with a (then very humble) Hull family who welcomed him into their home, and keeping in touch with successive generations by post and by visits right to Several of his later letters to the younger members necessarily contain explanations of his arrival among them as 'Uncle Mac' and are of interest in that respect. the last. is Buck (E.35-£.38), Correspondence with C.J. Hardy's bundles, some with notes by him. Because of its extent, the material relating to C.J. Buck and family is placed first the other boxing correspondence following in alphabetical order. less clear how Hardy became involved with A. Newton, It a blind boxer who ran training establishments for several years in London. The earliest letter is dated 1952 but suggests some previous acquaintance. Hardy kept up contact with the family for many years (E£.41). 1954-69. Miscellaneous correspondence with members of the Buck family 1951-71 (year of C.J. Buck's death). and family 1932-50, kept in NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 80 t.38 Later correspondence with members of the Buck family after the death of C.J. Buck 1972-82. Hardy wrote a circular letter at Christmas and sometimes in between, and continued to offer friendship, help and annual visits (the last apparently in 1979). Several of his letters contain personal and biographical reminiscences. Letters from H.W. Birmingham and family 1925-63. Letters from Arthur, George and Ernest Dann and families 1939-61. Letters from and material relating to the blind boxer A. Newton, and family 1952-80. Letters from H. Young 1926-31. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy SECTION F NON-PRINT MATERIAL F.1-F.48 Photographs Personal and family F.1-F.3 Colleagues F.4 Research projects F.5-F.10 Discovery F.11-F.20 Other expeditions F.21-F.29 Hull F.30-F.33 Oxford -§ 15452655 British Association F.36 Northern Cyclist Battalion F.37-F.43 Miscellaneous F.44-F.48 2.49, 1b o50 Drawings F.5S1-F 54 F699, °F ea6 Tape Recordings Films NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy PHOTOGRAPHS F.1-F .48 Personal and family Portrait studies of Hardy 71915, in uniform 1917. Hardy's mother. Hardy and Sidney Pickles in aircraft 1914. Hardy and his children (snapshots) 1930s. Hardy and Sylvia, Faroe Islands 1949, Hardy 1949, 1979, n.d. Honorary degrees Southampton 1962, Hull 1963. Colleagues F.S. Russell. W.N. Paton c.1942. A.E. Morgan. In Australia (2) 1961. (2 with Ernst Mayr, 1 with J.R. Baker and T.T. Barnard, Plymouth Ornithological Congress 1966 V. Wynne-Edwards). At Alister Hardy Research Centre ?0ctober 1984. Hardy with C.P. Blacker, 19203 Armand Denis, all periods. Mrs Ernest (benefactor of RERU). Monica Taylor (Sister Monica). NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Research projects Aerial insect drift. kites and balloons 1930s. Tow-net experiments from ships and with Aerial insect drift. Tow-nets from helicopters 1947. Vertical migration. paper 1947. Work with W.N. Paton c.1942, some used for Vertical migration. "Plankton Wheel'. Early 1950s. Work with R. Bainbridge and others on At Millport. Hardy in frogman suit. Late 1940s. At sea off Scotland. 71950s. Bioluminescence and vertical migration Discovery Crew and colleagues. Some, waters. See also B.49. but not all, of these photographs were later used in Great Discovery (sometimes with other ships). Launch of first Discovery, Dundee 1901 (3). Ships: William Scoresby (2) st. George, Dartmouth 1925 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 84 F.14 Photographs (small landfall in Canaries etc. format) identified by Hardy on verso, Landfall in South Africa. Voyage, equipment, crossing the line, plankton recorder etc. Tristan da Cunha. Birds, penguins, seals, dolphin. Icebergs and floes, Antarctic scenery. Other expeditions crew, equipment etc. at work, May Two enlarged photographs of Alister Hardy. Hardy and colleagues during Hong Kong visit. Construction, sea trials of research vessel Includes negative of photograph of Hardy framed Visit to Hong Kong 1953 (see B.96-B.98). launching ceremony and banquet, Alister Hardy. by vessel's lifebelt, of which he was very fond. Not used. Photographs of Alister Hardy, 1954. On research vessel Explorer 1957. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy F627 At Angkor Wat, 1957 (see B.100) Te Vega expedition 1965 (see B.104). Album. Photographs of Te Vega expedition. Department and laboratory. Hardy and members of department. Specimens and exhibits, referred to in W. Garstang's verses of 1929 (see B.122). mainly the very large tunny fish Oxford 1948 (with key) 1949 (with key) 1957 (with key) 1958 (with key) Zoology Department Group photographs. Hull University College Group photograph May 1931. 1956 (with key) 1955 (with key) | n.d. 1959 (with key) 1960 (with key) 1951 (with key) 1954 (with key) NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 86 Fv oD Photograph of £.B. Ford, Hardy and J.R. Baker posed in front of their Schwarz unveiled in Zoology H. Department by J.S. Huxley 1972. triple portrait by Photographs of (successive Linacre Professors) at party in Department. Pringle and Hardy, J.W.S. T.R.E. Southwood Photograph of Department at coffee break 1958. British Association Group photographs of Section D (zoology) at annual meetings 1948 Brighton, 1949 Newcastle, 1958 Glasgow (with key). Northern Cyclist Battalion Album of individual and group photographs compiled by Hardy. NCB with cycles during active service. Group photographs during active service. Photographs or cards of sites of NCB service on East coast. Portrait photographs or snaps of NCB comrades during active service, most identified and dated. Most at Ashington, some London. Later photographs of NCB comrades, families. NCB reunions, some dated. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy Miscellaneous Crew of George Bligh. Photographs at Ashington. Attempts to send up balloon from Merton quadrangle to celebrate Coronation 1953. Sadler Commemoration balloon ascent 1970. from Merton playing field C.J. Buck and family, all periods (album). Glossy photographs documenting all periods of Hardy's career, taken or enlarged by of Hardy's preparations for his autobiography, from existing photographs or memorabilia. Richards c.1984 as part N. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy DRAWINGS F.49, F.50 Continuous Plankton Recorder drawings. In roll. Certificate for 'Crossing the Line' Ceremony on Discovery 1925 (drawn by Hardy). Also later certificate for crossing by plane 1963. Kept together. RECORDINGS F.S1-F.54 'A scientific approach to religion' Seminar Cassettes Ltd. 1973. ‘Desert Island Discs' BBC cassette c.1974. Discussion with D. Morris 8 June 1983. Interview with D. Freeman, Radio Oxford 2 August 1984. NCB reunion, 9.5 mm. Launch of Alister Hardy, Hong Kong 1953, 16 mm. silent. F aod, Fae NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy INDEX OF CORRESPONDENTS ABRAMS, STEPHEN L. AGNEW, A.L. APPLETON, George, Rt. Rev. ARMSTRONG, H.J.B. ATTENBOROUGH, David Frederick BAHL, Karm Narayan BAILEY, Roger BAKER, John Randal BAKER, R. Alexander BALFOUR-BROWNE, William Alex Francis BAMFORD, Thomas W. BANNERMAN, David BISSET = KA. B.107 Bo le/ A.37, A.41, A.43, A.44, B.108, C.62 Bele 2 Ago. A.27 B.44 A.43 Deo C70, C.74 BEEBE, William BARKER, David BARKER, Eileen BARNES, Harold B.88 Ci23 B.109 BARRIE, Michael BENCKE, Helen M. Ca25 A.37 A.19 B.85 BARBER, Eric Arthur BAYLIS, Henry Arnold BARRINGTON, Mary Rose BARTLETT, Sir Frederic (Charles) BEDFORD, Mary du Caurroy, Duchess of C.98 BEVERTON, Raymond John Heaphy BICKERSTETH, Geoffrey BERTRAM, G. Colin L. BLOOMFIELD, Instone B.51 C92 C.45 B.17 A.37 BLACKER, Thetis BENTLEY, John BERRY, iRied'. B.110 B.1ll Ci73 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy BOLIN, Rolf L. BOREEY,- 0.07 BOURNE, Gilbert Charles BROAD, C.D. BROOKE, John BRUNET, Peter B.104 A.15 A.6, A.ll C225 C262 A.54 BULLOCK, Alan Louis Charles, Baron C2705 65389 BURKHARDT, Richard W. BURT, Sir Cyril Lodowic BUXTON, Patrick Alfred CAIN, Arthur J. CALLAN, Harold Garnet CALMAN, William Thomas CARPENTER, Geoffrey Douglas Hale CARR-SAUNDERS, Sir Alexander (Morris) CARRUTHERS, J.N. See also €.73, €.74 B.112 Bel oye 395 A.6 : ‘ ; c “21 BORA 495 Bel 27 BAS 6 AG 8 B.88 CEARK,. Res: CLARKE, George L. CUNNANE, Stephen C. CARTER, George Stuart CHAPLIN, John M. CHENS Gs CORBIN, Peter G. GROTS, - Doris Re COOK, Gordon COOK, Victor CHIBNALL, Albert Charles CLARK, Sir Wilfrid (Edward) Le Gros DAS; SoM: DALE, Sir Henry Hallett CURLE, Richard CUTTEN, John DARNLEY, E. Rowland NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy DAVENPORT, Demorest DAVID, Peter DAVIES, Gwion B.85 B.84, B.104 B.55 DEACON, Sir George (Edward Raven) 6.44, 6.57, 82115 de BEER, Sir Gavin (Rylands) DENIS, Armand DENNE, M.T. DILLISTONE, Frederick William DINGWALL, E.J. DIVER, Cyril Roper Pollock DOBSON, Alban Tabor Austin DYSON, Hugo V.D. ELLERMAN, Sir John Reeves ELLIS, George W.F. ELMHIRST, Richard A.6 B.116 See also E£.29 B.10 C.103 G15 546.40 A.32 Belo ee Be ZZ C.25 Beil7 See also C.82 B.84 a2 ERNEST, Johanna sO7 +20 FERGUSON, A.S. FORD, E. 7005 C.95 ety Ac45,° Bs 22 FARMINGTON TRUST EVES ECs EWER Reh. See C.43 Ae 25 ALL por, Acoas: 0.21, 0307 FARNELL, Lewis Richard ELTON, Charles Sutherland "ESPINASSE, Paul Gilbert FISHER, Sir Ronald (Aylmer) B.84 FORD, Edmund Brisco (Henry ) FRASER, Francis Charles A.57, A.41, A.43, A.44, Bev77, Bs Lis S285, C.84 FORKER, Wilbert FORMAN, Bruce FORTES, M. Rio? A.37 B.13, B.88 B.84 Late B.43, B.44, B.47 FRASER, J.H. NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy FROST, Winifred E. FYFE, Sir William Hamilton GARDINER, John Stanley GARDINER, Walter Alan Campbell GARRETT, Frederic Charles GARSTANG, Walter GASS, Ian G. GILBERT, Martin John GEOVER, (Riso GOODRICH, Edwin Stephen GORDON, Isabella GOURLAY, R. George GRAHAM, Michael GRAY, Sir James GREENHILL, Basil Jack GRENSTED, Laurence William Atel B.20 A.3, B.121 Bead ns 195 A. 438°8, FO Seeelso A.17, 8.71 B.62 C.5 BsiZ, (Bel5,°0. 16, Bal2s AG, Asli,’ Av18, AL 45, 6,5 B.84, B.85 B.44 A.18, B.20, B.22 A.41, B.48, Calne A.43, A.49, C.21 B.49 C24 HADERLIE, Eugene C. HARTLEY, Peter B.43, B.44, B.124 B17 GUNTHER, A. Everard GUNTHER, Eustace Rolfe B.43 AslB 8. 124 HARRIES, Hugh C. HARRISON, J.W.A. GUNTHER, Mavis GURNEY, Robert HAVELOCK, Eric Henry Edwardes HINSHELWOOD, Sir Cyril (Norman) HETHERINGTON, Sir Hector (James Wright) HAY, John David Lumsden B.137 «74, C.88 HENDERSON, G.T.D. HERDMAN, Mabel HICK, JH. HINDLE, Edward Bile ..picny Gels, el l5 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy HINTON, Martin A.C. HJORT, Johann HON IG-PRAGER, Dieuwke HOWARTH, T.G. HULMES, Edward D.A. HUTCHINSON, Donald HUXLEY, Sir Julian Sorell HUXLEY, Marie Juliette, Lady HYDE, Lawrence ILES, .£ A.7, B.125 U.97 JACKSON, H. Gordon JONES, Frederic Wood KEMP, Agnes S. KEMP, Stanley Wells KERR, Sir John Graham KETTLEWELL, Bernard JOAD, Cyril Edwin Mitchinson JAMES, David P. JESSUP A: | tee JACKSON, Barbara, Baroness (Barbara Ward) B.61 KORENCHEVSKY, V. KURTEN, Bjorn A. 19, A.37;'B.20, 8.217 8.127 Acaty AvG5, 8.19. 8.21, B28 KLINGENDER, F.D. KNIGHT, Margaret KNOX, W. Crawford KOESTLER, Arthur A.45 Cree C.78 A.44 Wael, G.25, 6.95, C98; 0.8 -44, B.127 B.128, D.3 See also C.40 NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy 94 LACK, David Lambert LAL, M.B. LA LUMIERE, Leon P. LAMBERT, F.J. LAND, Martin LARKIN, Philip (Arthur) LAURIE, Alec LEBOUR, Marie V. LECOMIE DU NOUY, Mary EEE, -Roy.co. LEWIS, KK: LORENZ, Konrad LOWENSTEIN, Otto Egon LOWNDES, Ashley G. LUCAS, Sir Cyril (Edward) LUCAS, John R. LYNN, John A.44, A.45, B.149, C.8, .253:0.06 A.50 B.62 B.5 Bek29 A.26 B.44 B.84, p23 C25 B.44 s eek, C.20 N37; AeZ775 A.54, A.37 MACKIE, George 0. A.37, A.43 3 Ls he OE MARR, James MARSHALL, A. Jock MACKINTOSH, N.A. MANTON, Sidnie McCONNELL, Anita McCONNELL, R.A. B.16 C.8 Biliod MACKINNON, Doris L. B24, 8.447. B.>>.. 8.38 MARSHALL, Norman Bertram G4), 6.99 MATTHEWS, Leonard Harrison MEDAWAR, Sir Peter (Brian) MASCHLER, Thomas Michael Asal, As44, A. 46, B.154, MAXWELL, Anthony J. B.5> B.102 B.84 B.132 MICKLEM, Nathaniel B.44, B.S. B.57 MARSHALL, Sheina MATTHEWS, Jock Ceot B.133 Cyv2i, C.2% NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy MIDDLETON, Michael Guy Percival Willoughby, A.19 llth Baron MILES, Howard B. MILNE, Edward Arthur MOHR, Paul MONTGOMERY, Hugh MORGAN, Arthur Eustace MORGAN, Elaine MORISEY, Ann MORRIS, Desmond John MUNRO, J.W. MURE, Geoffrey Reginald Gilchrist MURRAY, (George) Gilbert (Aime) NAPIER, Priscilla NEEDHAM, Rodney NEWTON, Lily A.29 A.44 B.62 C.100 Aw, JACZ O04 SAL 57 3 Aca B.63 Ca/4 B.65,: 6.645 90.45, Dac See also B.60 A.37 G21) 5. D8 cz3 or Ce B. OGDEN, Ronald B. B. B. A. A. B.58, C.21 NORCROSS, Keith NICHOLSON, John Henry NICHOLSON, (Edward) Max OAKESHOTT, Sir Walter (Fraser) NORRINGTON, Sir Arthur (Lionel Pugh) NUFFIELD, William Richard Morris, Viscount A.28 PEMBERTON-PIGOTT, A. Desmond F. PANTIN, Carl Frederick Abel PHILLIPS, John Guest PATON, William Neil B.84 B.136 B.137 B.20 B. 138 C.21 PARKER, H.W. PARKS, Peter PEACOCK, Alex D. PELIZMEIER, Je NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy PICKERING, Sir George White PIKE, Richard B. PLAYFAIR, Guy Lyon POCOCK, Tom POLANYI, Michael POPPER, Sir Karl (Raimund) PORTER, Sir George POULTON, Sir Edward Bagnall PRICE. Eric: Shirver | PRIESTLAND, Gerald Francis PRIESTLEY, dJacquetta PRINGLE, John William Sutton PUSEY:,-Harole RAE, K.M. (Peter) RAVEN, Charles Earle REED, Wed. RHINE, J.B C.102 B.84, B.103 C.8 Cua Bzl50: £091" 0795 C.101 G.33 B.31 (.66-C.68, C.70 C.69 G.75 4067 A-45,. 4-46, 0.25 B.140 Babe, B. €2 C.103 B.84 C..29 B.102, B.140 C.25 C.20 C.8 RIEU, Emile Victor RITTERBUSH, Philip C. ROBERTSON, Edwin H. C.69-C.78 passim, C.90 B.19 B.42 B.141 C.104 ROBINSON, Edward Armitage RIDE, William David Lindsay ROBINSON, John Arthur Thomas RUSHTON, William Albert Hugh RICARDO, Sir Harry (Ralph) RUSSELL, Sir Frederick (Stratten) B.44 SAUNDBY, Sir Robert Henry Magnus Spencer SANDFORD, Sir Folliott Herbert A.15, A.37,°B.19 B.45, B.85, B.136 Ag@d;. C.23, 0.105 A.l, D.1 A.46 B.18 SAVAGE, R.E. SCHEVILL, William E. ROMER, Alfred S. RUSSELL, Edward Stuart RUSSELL, William M.S. SANDERSON, F.W. AcLZ, As3d7, NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy SCOTT, Sir Peter (Markham) SEWARD, Margaret SHEARER, Cresswell SHEPPARD, Philip Macdonald SHERR¥ 5: :B.0 « SHIRLEY, Ann SILVEY, Robert SIMPSON, Helen M. SIMPSON, H.W. SMITH, Anthony John Francis SMULLEN, Ivor SOUTHERN, H.N. SOUTHWARD, Alan J. SOUTHWOOD, Sir (Thomas) Richard (Edmund) STAMFORTH, T. STEPHENSON, W. STORR, (Charles) Anthony SUTHERLAND, James M. SWANN, Michael Meredith, Baron SYMINGTON, Lindsay D. ' B.58 B.142 A.8 Ge2i B.65 B.485.B. 49 .Be50 Gedo, Cu 74 C.12, 6.106 6.153 Bela Ce). C256 B.144 A948, Ba 52 B.87, Bel22 A.54 Aeaow B.102 Cs45 B.145 Cri 57 6. 21 TABRETT, K.P. Aug B.146 TAZELAAR, Mary A. TEMPLETON, John Marks TAYLOR, Helen, Lady TAYLOR, John Vernon TAYLOR, William Randolph C.25 G85 A.37 C218 B.85 TAYLOR, Sir Thomas Murray TAYLOR, Monica (Sister Monica) C35 THOMPSON, Sir D'Arcy Wentworth THORPE, William Homan TORRANCE, Thomas Forsyth TOTTON, A. Knyvell TOYNBEE, (Theodore) Philip B.45, B.84, B.85, B.150 Cs dey CnO2y20. 107 A.54, B.54, B.149 THORSON, Gunnar TICKELL, Renée A.44, C.25, C.45 B.85, B.148 B.147 C285 A.43 G.83 TINBERGEN, Nicolaas NCUACS 5/4/88 A.C. Hardy FROVLER Gg die Rez TUCKER, Bernard W. TUCKER, Denys W. 4 Ba 7, 8.151 Achds A. 83 VICKERS, Sir (Charles) Geoffrey VICTOR, Alexander 0. VODDEN, Henry Townsend VOUTE, A.D. WALSH, W.H. WARING, Harry WATSON, David Meredith Seares WATSON, Lyall WEATHERHEAD, Leslie Dixon WEDGWOOD, Margaret WELLS, Herbert George le - 102 pet lets «ko 98 (205 Ce L068 See C.2 ody 45 S o WHITE, Martin G. WILSON, Monica YOUNT, James L. -66 44 a -20 woe © 62 WIGHTMAN, W.P.D. . 6 O O s G s O O C i O ? G 6 l G e e C WILSON, Allan C. WHYTE, Lancelot L. WESCOTT, Roger W. WORTHINGTON, Herbert WOODS, Robert Wilmer WYNNE-EDWARDS, Vero Copner WILLIAMS, Carrington Bonsor WHITE, Michael James Denham WRIGHT, Sir Norman (Charles) B.137 YONGE, Sir (Charles) Maurice .83 - 19 .85, YOUNG, John Zachary B.13, B.20, B.154